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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551406/protective-effect-of-hesperidin-and-tiger-nut-against-acrylamide-toxicity-in-female-rats
#1
Soha M Hamdy, Amany M Shabaan, Abdel Karim M Abdel Latif, Ayman M Abdel-Aziz, Alshimaa M Amin
Phytochemicals that have antioxidant effect play important role in protection against several diseases in humans. This study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of hesperidin and tiger nut against the early changes that may be related to the toxicity of acrylamide in female rats. 72 Sprague Dawley female rats were divided into six groups (12 rat/group): control group (I); hesperidin (HES) treated group (II); tiger nut (TN) treated group (III); Acrylamide (ACR) treated group (IV); HES-ACR treated group (V); and TN-ACR treated group (VI)...
May 24, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550955/effect-of-hospital-and-surgeon-case-volume-on-perioperative-quality-of-care-and-short-term-outcomes-after-radical-cystectomy-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-results-from-a-european-tertiary-care-center-cohort
#2
Malte W Vetterlein, Christian P Meyer, Sami-Ramzi Leyh-Bannurah, Roman Mayr, Michael Gierth, Hans-Martin Fritsche, Maximilian Burger, Bastian Keck, Bernd Wullich, Thomas Martini, Christian Bolenz, Armin Pycha, Julian Hanske, Florian Roghmann, Joachim Noldus, Patrick J Bastian, Christian Gilfrich, Matthias May, Michael Rink, Felix K-H Chun, Roland Dahlem, Margit Fisch, Atiqullah Aziz
BACKGROUND: Case volume has been suggested to affect surgical outcomes in different arrays of procedures. We aimed to delineate the relationship between case volume and surgical outcomes and quality of care criteria of radical cystectomy (RC) in a prospectively collected multicenter cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected European cohort of patients with bladder cancer treated with RC in 2011. We relied on 479 and 459 eligible patients with available information on hospital case volume and surgeon case volume, respectively...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550905/socioeconomic-factors-and-mortality-in-emergency-general-surgery-trends-over-a-20-year-period
#3
Sarah J Armenia, Sri Ram Pentakota, Aziz M Merchant
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic factors such as race, insurance, and income quartiles have been identified as independent risk factors in emergency general surgery (EGS), but this impact has not been studied over time. We sought to identify trends in disparities in EGS-related operative mortality over a 20-y period. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was used to identify patient encounters coded for EGS in 1993, 2003, and 2013. Logistic regression models were used to examine the adjusted relationship between race, primary payer status, and median income quartiles and in-hospital mortality after adjusting for patients' age, gender, Elixhauser comorbidity score, and hospital region, size, and location-cum-teaching status...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549075/age-of-onset-in-huntington-s-disease-is-influenced-by-cag-repeat-variations-in-other-polyglutamine-disease-associated-genes
#4
Geerte Stuitje, Martine J van Belzen, Sarah L Gardiner, Willeke M C van Roon-Mom, Merel W Boogaard, Sarah J Tabrizi, Raymund A C Roos, N A Aziz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548818/pla-pbat-bionanocomposites-with-antimicrobial-natural-rosin-for-green-packaging
#5
Hesham Moustafa, Nadia El Kissi, Ahmed I Abou-Kandil, Mohamed S Abdel-Aziz, Alain Dufresne
The use of biodegradable polymers is of great importance nowadays in many applications. Some of the most commonly used biopolymers are polylactic acid (PLA) and poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT) due to their superior properties and availability. In this manuscript, we use a facile and green modification method of organoclay (OC) by antimicrobial natural rosin which is considered as a toxicity-free reinforcing material, thus keeping the green character of the material. It increases the interlayer spacing between the clay platelets...
May 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548032/impact-of-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-physical-activity-on-associated-movements-and-motor-speed-in-preschool-children
#6
Tanja H Kakebeeke, Annina E Zysset, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Aziz Chaouch, Kerstin Stülb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Amar Arhab, Valentin Rousson, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni
INTRODUCTION: Young children generally show contralateral associated movements (CAMs) when they are making an effort to perform a unimanual task. CAM and motor speed are two relevant aspects of motor proficiency in young children. These CAMs decrease over age, while motor speed increases. As both CAM and motor speed are associated with age, we were interested in whether these two parameters are also linked with each other. METHOD: In this study, three manual dexterity tasks with the dominant and nondominant hands (pegboard, repetitive hand, and repetitive finger tasks) were used to investigate the effect of covariates (age, sex, socioeconomic status, total physical activity) on both motor speed and CAMs in preschool children...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546858/quality-indicators-for-the-acute-and-long-term-management-of-anaphylaxis-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sangeeta Dhami, Aadam Sheikh, Antonella Muraro, Graham Roberts, Susanne Halken, Monserat Fernandez Rivas, Margitta Worm, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: The quality of acute and long-term anaphylaxis management is variable and this contributes to the poor outcomes experienced by many patients. Clinical practice guidelines have the potential to improve outcomes, but implementing guideline recommendations in routine practice is challenging. Quality indicators have the potential to support guideline implementation efforts. OBJECTIVE: To identify quality indicators to support the acute and long-term management of anaphylaxis...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543086/allergen-immunotherapy-for-allergic-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Sangeeta Dhami, Artemisia Kakourou, Felix Asamoah, Ioana Agache, Susanne Lau, Jutel Marek, Antonella Muraro, Graham Roberts, Cezmi A Akdis, Matteo Bonini, Ozlem Cavkaytar, Breda Flood, Pawel Gajdanowicz, Kenji Izuhara, Ömer Kalayci, Ralph Mosges, Oscar Palomares, Oliver Pfaar, Sylwia Smolinska, Milena Sokolowska, Miqdad Asaria, Gopal Netuveli, Hader Zaman, Ather Akhlaq, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: To inform the development of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunonology's (EAACI) Guidelines on Allergen Immunotherapy (AIT) for allergic asthma, we assessed the evidence on the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety of AIT. METHODS: We performed a systematic review, which involved searching nine databases. Studies were screened against pre-defined eligibility criteria and critically appraised using established instruments. Data were synthesized using random-effects meta-analyses...
May 19, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541259/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-a-survey-on-clinical-approach-in-the-mediterranean-area
#9
Elena Scarpato, Paolo Quitadamo, Enriqueta Roman, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Sanja Kolacek, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Eleftheria Roma, Raanan Shamir, Michal R B Lev, Branko Lutovac, Veselinka Djurisic, Rok Orel, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Vincenzo Coppola, Enrico Corazziari, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common conditions associated with significant morbidity and high healthcare costs. This multicenter study aimed at assessing the clinical approach to infants (0-6 months) and children/adolescents (4-18 years) with suspected FGIDs by pediatricians from the Mediterranean Area. METHODS: A survey evaluating the diagnostic approach, including the use of Rome II and III criteria, and the therapeutic management of some of the most prevalent FGIDs, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), and functional regurgitation (FR), was distributed to a sample of pediatricians...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540919/myocardial-performance-index-for-patients-with-overt-and-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#10
Aziz Karabulut, Abdullah Doğan, Alpaslan Kemal Tuzcu
BACKGROUND Hypothyroid has several effects on the cardiovascular system. Global myocardial performance index (MPI) is used in assessment of both left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function. We compared MPI in hypothyroidism patients vs. normal control subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty-two hypothyroid patients were divided into 2 groups: a subclinical hypothyroid (SH) group (n=50), and an overt hypothyroid (OH) group (n=32). The healthy control group (CG) constituted of 37 patients. TSH, FT3, and FT4, anti-TPO, anti-TG, insulin, lipid values, and fasting glucose levels were studied...
May 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540260/the-quality-of-educational-services-from-students-viewpoint-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Ahmad Moosavi, Mohammad Mohseni, Hajar Ziaiifar, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Mahdi Gharasi Manshadi, Aziz Rezapour
BACKGROUND: Students' view is an important factor in assessing the quality of universities. Servqual pattern is regarded as the most prominent for services quality measurement. This study aimed to review systematically studies that investigated the quality of educational services. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating students' viewpoint about quality of educational services were conducted. Required data were collected from PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Science Direct, Google Scholar, SID, Magiran, and Iranmedex, without time restriction...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540143/association-between-coronary-artery-disease-and-microrna-literature-review-and-clinical-perspective
#12
Rehan Malik, Raja S Mushtaque, Usman A Siddiqui, Adnan Younus, Muhammad A Aziz, Choudhry Humayun, Kanaan Mansoor, Muhammad A Latif, Salman Waheed, Salman Assad, Idrees Khan, Syed M Bukhari, Daniel DelCampo, Ali Adus, Swetha Gannarapu
BACKGROUND: Until recently, circulating micro-RNAs (miRNAs) have attracted major interest as novel biomarkers for the early diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD). This review article summarizes the available evidence on the correlation of micro-RNAs with both the clinical and subclinical coronary artery disease and highlights the necessity for exploring miRNAs as a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of early CAD in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature analysis and retrieval online systems Public/Publisher MEDLINE/ Excerpta Medica Database /Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online,(PUBMED/EMBASE/MEDLINE) search were conducted for relevant information...
April 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540010/changes-in-choroidal-perfusion-after-orbital-decompression-surgery-for-graves-ophthalmopathy
#13
Narieman Nik, Amelia Fong, Marianna Derdzakyan, Chrysavgi Adamopoulou, Adam Sise, Aziz Khanifar, Reginald Sanders
PURPOSE: To assess choroidal perfusion before and after orbital decompression surgery in patients with Graves' ophthalmopathy. METHODS: In this interventional case series, surgical decompression for optic nerve compromise was performed on four eyes of three patients with Graves' disease. Complete ophthalmic examination including visual acuity, color vision, and intraocular pressure assessment were done pre- and postoperatively. High-speed indocyanine green angiography was performed prior to surgery and was repeated one year after surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539429/bolstering-the-number-and-function-of-hsv-1-specific-cd8-effector-memory-t-cells-and-tissue-resident-memory-t-cells-in-latently-infected-trigeminal-ganglia-reduces-recurrent-ocular-herpes-infection-and-disease
#14
Arif A Khan, Ruchi Srivastava, Aziz A Chentoufi, Elizabeth Kritzer, Sravya Chilukuri, Sumit Garg, David C Yu, Hawa Vahed, Lei Huang, Sabrina A Syed, Julie N Furness, Tien T Tran, Nesburn B Anthony, Christine E McLaren, John Sidney, Alessandro Sette, Randolph J Noelle, Lbachir BenMohamed
HSV type 1 (HSV-1) is a prevalent human pathogen that infects >3.72 billion individuals worldwide and can cause potentially blinding recurrent corneal herpetic disease. HSV-1 establishes latency within sensory neurons of trigeminal ganglia (TG), and TG-resident CD8(+) T cells play a critical role in preventing its reactivation. The repertoire, phenotype, and function of protective CD8(+) T cells are unknown. Bolstering the apparent feeble numbers of CD8(+) T cells in TG remains a challenge for immunotherapeutic strategies...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537105/drawing-on-human-factors-engineering-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-health-information-technology
#15
Kathrin M Cresswell, Ann Blandford, Aziz Sheikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536344/aptamer-technology-adjunct-therapy-for-malaria
#16
REVIEW
Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Kamarudin, Nurul Adila Mohammed, Khairul Mohd Fadzli Mustaffa
Malaria is a life-threatening parasitic infection occurring in the endemic areas, primarily in children under the age of five, pregnant women, and patients with human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV)/(AIDS) as well as non-immune individuals. The cytoadherence of infected erythrocytes (IEs) to the host endothelial surface receptor is a known factor that contributes to the increased prevalence of severe malaria cases due to the accumulation of IEs, mainly in the brain and other vital organs...
January 4, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534587/light-induced-relaxation-dynamics-of-the-ferricyanide-ion-revisited-by-ultrafast-xuv-photoelectron-spectroscopy
#17
Nicholas Engel, Sergey I Bokarev, Alexandre Moguilevski, Azhr A Raheem, Ruba Al-Obaidi, Tobias Möhle, Gilbert Grell, Katrin R Siefermann, Bernd Abel, Saadullah G Aziz, Oliver Kühn, Mario Borgwardt, Igor Yu Kiyan, Emad F Aziz
Photoinduced charge transfer in transition-metal coordination complexes plays a prominent role in photosynthesis and is fundamental for light-harvesting processes in catalytic materials. However, revealing the relaxation pathways of charge separation remains a very challenging task because of the complexity of relaxation channels and ultrashort time scales. Here, we employ ultrafast XUV photoemission spectroscopy to monitor fine mechanistic details of the electron dynamics following optical ligand-to-metal charge-transfer excitation of ferricyanide in aqueous solution...
May 23, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533852/chilaiditi-syndrome
#18
Hicham Naji-Amrani, Aziz Ouarssani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533264/italy-recognises-patient-safety-as-a-fundamental-right
#19
EDITORIAL
Tommaso Bellandi, Riccardo Tartaglia, Aziz Sheikh, Liam Donaldson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532389/the-use-of-macitentan-in-fontan-circulation-a-case-report
#20
Polyvios Demetriades, Amir Aziz, Robin Condliffe, Sarah E Bowater, Paul F Clift
BACKGROUND: The Fontan circulation, a result of a palliative procedure in patients with single systemic ventricles, is defined by chronically elevated pulmonary vascular resistance. When traditional heart failure therapies fail, pharmacological agents that reduce pulmonary artery pressures may be used. These include endothelial-receptor antagonists, prostanoids and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. We report the first use of macitentan, an endothelin-receptor antagonist, in a patient with a Fontan circulation...
May 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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