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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214393/flow-cytometric-bacterial-cell-counts-challenge-conventional-heterotrophic-plate-counts-for-routine-microbiological-drinking-water-monitoring
#1
REVIEW
S Van Nevel, S Koetzsch, C R Proctor, M D Besmer, E I Prest, J S Vrouwenvelder, A Knezev, N Boon, F Hammes
Drinking water utilities and researchers continue to rely on the century-old heterotrophic plate counts (HPC) method for routine assessment of general microbiological water quality. Bacterial cell counting with flow cytometry (FCM) is one of a number of alternative methods that challenge this status quo and provide an opportunity for improved water quality monitoring. After more than a decade of application in drinking water research, FCM methodology is optimised and established for routine application, supported by a considerable amount of data from multiple full-scale studies...
February 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214242/injury-and-recovery-of-escherichia-coli-atcc25922-cells-treated-by-high-hydrostatic-pressure-at-400-600%C3%A2-mpa
#2
Keitarou Kimura, Kazuya Morimatsu, Takashi Inaoka, Kazutaka Yamamoto
Escherichia coli cells were inactivated by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) at 400-600 MPa and their recovery under various conditions was evaluated by colony counting and flow cytometer (FCM) analyses. The lag time in colony formation and an improved recovery of cells under less oxidative conditions (pyruvate addition to the medium and incubation in anaerobic conditions) were observed for HHP treated cells, which indicated that a significant portion of cells were injured and recovered during incubation after HHP treatment...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213652/evaluating-stress-physiology-and-parasite-infection-parameters-in-the-translocation-of-critically-endangered-woylies-bettongia-penicillata
#3
Stephanie Hing, Amy S Northover, Edward J Narayan, Adrian F Wayne, Krista L Jones, Sarah Keatley, R C Andrew Thompson, Stephanie S Godfrey
Translocation can be stressful for wildlife. Stress may be important in fauna translocation because it has been suggested that it can exacerbate the impact of infectious disease on translocated wildlife. However, few studies explore this hypothesis by measuring stress physiology and infection indices in parallel during wildlife translocations. We analysed faecal cortisol metabolite (FCM) concentration and endoparasite parameters (nematodes, coccidians and haemoparasites) in a critically endangered marsupial, the woylie (Bettongia penicillata), 1-3 months prior to translocation, at translocation, and 6 months later...
February 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212581/the-inhibiting-effect-of-the-transcription-factor-p53-on-dengue-virus-infection-by-activating-the-type-i-interferon
#4
Yan-Ling Hu, Xiao-Shan Li, Shu Xiong, Qiang Ma, Dan Liu, Zhong-Quan Shi, Jing Tang, Xian-Cai Rao, Fu-Quan Hu, Guo-Li Li
To investigate the role of the transcription factor p53 in the course of the dengue virus (DV) infection. The human hepatocellular carcinoma cell strain HepG2 with a low expression level of p53 was built by using the retroviral-mediated RNA interference technology, and was detected by Western blot. The wild group and the interference group were respectively infected by the type 2 DV. The viral titration was detected by the Vero plaque assay, the viral multiplication was detected by the immunofluorescence, the cell apoptosis after virus infection was detected by FCM and the level of IFN-β was analyzed by ELISA...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203317/synthetic-isoliquiritigenin-inhibits-human-tongue-squamous-carcinoma-cells-through-its-antioxidant-mechanism
#5
Cuilan Hou, Wenguang Li, Zengyou Li, Jing Gao, Zhenjie Chen, Xiqiong Zhao, Yaya Yang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Yong Song
Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), a natural antioxidant, has antitumor activity in different types of cancer cells. However the antitumor effect of ISL on human tongue squamous carcinoma cells (TSCC) is not clear. Here we aimed to investigate the effects of synthetic isoliquiritigenin (S-ISL) on TSCC and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. S-ISL was synthesized and elucidated from its nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum and examined using high performance liquid chromatography. The effects of S-ISL on TSCC cells (Tca8113) were evaluated in relation to cell proliferation, apoptosis and adhesion, migration, and invasion using sulforhodamine B assay, fluorescence microscopy technique, flow cytometry (FCM) analysis, and Boyden chamber assay...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193562/evaluation-of-radioisotopic-and-non-radioisotopic-versions-of-local-lymph-node-assays-for-subcategorization-of-skin-sensitizers-compliant-to-un-ghs-rev-4
#6
Soojin Ha, Il Young Ahn, Da-Eun Kim, Jong Kwon Lee, Soojung Sohn, Mi-Sook Jung, Yong Heo, Takashi Omori, SeungJin Bae, Kyung-Min Lim
Recently UN GHS has introduced the sub-categorization of skin sensitizers for which ECt (concentration estimated to induce stimulation index above threshold) of the murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) is used as criteria. Non-radioisotopic variants of LLNA, LLNA: DA, LLNA: BrdU-ELISA, LNCC and LLNA: BrdU-FCM were developed yet their utilities for potency sub-categorization are not established. Here we assessed the agreement of LLNA variants with LLNA or human data in potency sub-categorization for 22 reference substances of OECD TG429...
February 10, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193036/international-comparison-of-enumeration-based-quantification-of-dna-copy-concentration-using-flow-cytometric-counting-and-digital-polymerase-chain-reaction
#7
Hee-Bong Yoo, Sang-Ryoul Park, Lianhua Dong, Jing Wang, Zhiwei Sui, Jernej Pavšič, Mojca Milavec, Muslum Akgoz, Erkan Mozioğlu, Philippe Corbisier, Mátrai Janka, Bruno Cosme, Janaina J de V Cavalcante, Roberto Becht Flatshart, Daniel Burke, Michael Forbes-Smith, Jacob McLaughlin, Kerry Emslie, Alexandra S Whale, Jim F Huggett, Helen Parkes, Margaret C Kline, Jo Lynne Harenza, Peter M Vallone
Enumeration-based determination of DNA copy-concentration was assessed through an international comparison among national metrology institutes (NMIs) and designated institutes (DIs). Enumeration-based quantification does not require a calibration standard thereby providing a route to "absolute quantification", which offers the potential for reliable value assignments of DNA reference materials, and International System of Units (SI) traceability to copy number 1 through accurate counting. In this study, 2 enumeration-based methods, flow cytometric (FCM) counting and the digital polymerase chain reaction (dPCR), were compared to quantify a solution of the pBR322 plasmid at a concentration of several thousand copies per microliter...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192941/flow-cytometry-based-quantification-of-cellular-au-nanoparticles
#8
Jonghoon Park, My Kieu Ha, Nuri Yang, Tae Hyun Yoon
There has been a great deal of research regarding the cellular association of nanoparticles (NPs), although there are only a few methods available yet for the quantitative measurements of cellular NPs. In this study, we propose a simple and quantitative method to estimate the cellular uptake of Au NPs into cervical cancer cells (HeLa) based on their side scattering (SSC) intensities measured by flow cytometry (FCM). We have compared SSC intensities of HeLa cells exposed to eight different types of Au NPs (40-100 nm size, with positive or negative surface charge) with the amount of cellular Au NPs measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS)...
February 6, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187514/aieop-bfm-consensus-guidelines-2016-for-flow-cytometric-immunophenotyping-of-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#9
Michael N Dworzak, Barbara Buldini, Giuseppe Gaipa, Richard Ratei, Ondrej Hrusak, Drorit Luria, Eti Rosenthal, Jean-Pierre Bourquin, Mary Sartor, Angela Schumich, Leonid Karawajew, Ester Mejstrikova, Oscar Maglia, Georg Mann, Wolf-Dieter Ludwig, Andrea Biondi, Martin Schrappe, Giuseppe Basso
Immunophenotyping by flow cytometry (FCM) is a worldwide mainstay in leukemia diagnostics. For concordant multicentric application, however, a gap exists between available classification systems, technologic standardization, and clinical needs. The AIEOP-BFM consortium induced an extensive standardization and validation effort between its nine national reference laboratories collaborating in immunophenotyping of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We elaborated common guidelines which take advantage of the possibilities of multi-color FCM: marker panel requirements, immunological blast gating, in-sample controls, tri-partite antigen expression rating (negative vs...
February 10, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177348/nutrient-digestibility-and-milk-production-responses-to-increasing-levels-of-palmitic-acid-supplementation-vary-in-cows-receiving-diets-with-or-without-whole-cottonseed
#10
J E Rico, J de Souza, M S Allen, A L Lock
Our study evaluated the dose-dependent effects of a palmitic acid-enriched supplement in basal diets with or without the inclusion of whole cottonseed on nutrient digestibility and production responses of dairy cows. Sixteen Holstein cows (149 ± 56 days in milk) were used in a split plot Latin square design experiment. Cows were blocked by 3.5% fat-corrected milk (FCM) and allocated to a main plot receiving either a basal diet with soyhulls (SH, = 8) or a basal diet with whole cottonseed (CS, = 8) that was fed throughout the experiment...
January 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167485/expression-of-th17-and-cd4-cd25-t-regulatory-cells-in-peripheral-blood-of-acute-leukemia-patients-and-their-prognostic-significance
#11
Mingli Xiang, Li Guo, Yan Ma, Yi Li
To discuss the expression of T helper cell 17 (Th17) cells and CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) in peripheral blood (PB) of patients with acute leukemia (AL), and to explore the relationship between them and disease prognosis. 40 patients diagnosed with acute leukemia in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2012 to August 2014 were selected as the observation group. Meanwhile, 40 healthy people were taken as the control group. Flow Cytometry Method (FCM) was used to detect the level of Th17 cells and CD4(+) CD25(+) Foxp3(+) cells in peripheral blood of the two groups, and enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to test the level of IL17 and TGF-β in peripheral blood of two groups; reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was adopted to analyze the mRNA levels of RORγT and Foxp3 in peripheral blood...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166810/correlating-bacterial-shedding-with-fecal-corticosterone-levels-and-serological-responses-from-layer-hens-experimentally-infected-with-salmonella-typhimurium
#12
Pardeep Sharma, Vivek V Pande, Talia S Moyle, Andrea R McWhorter, Kapil K Chousalkar
Salmonella Enteriditis and Salmonella Typhimurium are commonly isolated during egg-related outbreaks of salmonellosis and represent a significant international public health issue. In Australia, Salmonella Typhimurium is the most common serovar identified in egg product related foodborne outbreaks. While a number of studies have investigated Salmonella shedding and host responses to infection, they have been conducted over a short time period. The present study sought to characterise bacterial shedding and host responses to infection in hens infected with only Salmonella Typhimurium or co-infected with both Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Mbandaka over a 16 week period...
February 6, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164674/endothelial-progenitor-cells-epc-count-by-multicolor-flow-cytometry-in-healthy-individuals-and-diabetes-mellitus-dm-patients
#13
Mesude Falay, Server Aktas
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to determine circulating Endothelial Progenitor Cell (EPC) counts by multicolor flow cytometry in healthy individuals and diabetic subjects by means of forming an analysis procedure using a combination of monoclonal antibodies (moAbs), which would correctly detect the circulating EPC count. METHODS: The circulating EPC count was detected in 40 healthy individuals (20 Female, 20 Male; age range: 26 - 50 years) and 30 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients (15 Female, 15 Male; age range: 42 - 55) by multicolor flow cytometry (FCM) in a single-tube panel consisting of 5 CD45/CD31/CD34/CD309/ SYTO® and 16 monoclonal antibodies...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163056/-q-sar-tools-for-priority-setting-a-case-study-with-printed-paper-and-board-food-contact-material-substances
#14
Melissa Van Bossuyt, Els Van Hoeck, Giuseppa Raitano, Serena Manganelli, Els Braeken, Gamze Ates, Tamara Vanhaecke, Sabine Van Miert, Emilio Benfenati, Birgit Mertens, Vera Rogiers
Over the last years, more stringent safety requirements for an increasing number of chemicals across many regulatory fields (e.g. industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food, cosmetics, …) have triggered the need for an efficient screening strategy to prioritize the substances of highest concern. In this context, alternative methods such as in silico (i.e. computational) techniques gain more and more importance. In the current study, a new prioritization strategy for identifying potentially mutagenic substances was developed based on the combination of multiple (quantitative) structure-activity relationship ((Q)SAR) tools...
February 2, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162174/-viability-of-osteoblasts-under-cell-hypoxia-condition
#15
C Wu, W W Zheng, M Yang
Objective: To investigate the effects of hypoxia condition and hypoxia-reoxygenation condition on the cell viability, apoptosis rate and gene expression of osteoblasts cultured in vitro. Methods: The cranium osteoblasts from newborn Sprague Dawley rats within 48 hours were cultured and purified through tissue block method.The morphological changes of cells were evaluated by the Alizarin Red S staining and Alkaline phosphatase staining.The third-generation osteoblasts were cultured in normal condition for 36 hours (group A), in hypoxic condition for 24hours (group B), in hypoxic condition for 24hours thereafter reoxygenated for 12 hours (group D), in hypoxic condition for 36 hours (group C)...
January 17, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160219/automatic-segmentation-of-left-ventricle-cavity-from-short-axis-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-images
#16
Xulei Yang, Qing Song, Yi Su
In this paper, a computational framework is proposed to perform a fully automatic segmentation of the left ventricle (LV) cavity from short-axis cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images. In the initial phase, the region of interest (ROI) is automatically identified on the first image frame of the CMR slices. This is done by partitioning the image into different regions using a standard fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering algorithm where the LV region is identified according to its intensity, size and circularity in the image...
February 3, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153603/high-programmed-death-1-expression-on-t-cells-in-aplastic-anemia
#17
Wanhong Zhao, Yilin Zhang, Pengyu Zhang, Juan Yang, Longjin Zhang, Aili He, Wanggang Zhang, Tamura Hideto
Programmed death 1 (PD-1) has been reported to be associated with aberrant regulation of T cells activation in aplastic anemia (AA). However, the connection between PD-1 expression status and AA needs to be further explored. The aim of this study is to investigate PD-1 expression status on T cells in AA patients and to explore the effect of PD-1 on apoptosis of T cells and BMHSCs. The concentration of platelet, lymphocyte and hemoglobin in peripheral blood of AA patients and healthy volunteers was detected by automatic blood-counter system...
January 30, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138774/effect-of-porcine-circovirus-type-2-pcv2-on-the-function-of-splenic-cd11c-dendritic-cells-in-mice
#18
Xiaobo Wang, Ligong Chen, Wanzhe Yuan, Yanqin Li, Limin Li, Tanqing Li, Huanrong Li, Qinye Song
Porcine circovirus-associated disease (PCVAD) caused by porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is an important disease in the global pig industry. Dendritic cells (DCs) are the primary immune cells capable of initiating adaptive immune responses as well as major target cells of PCV2. To determine whether PCV2 affects the immune functions of DCs, we evaluated the expression of endocytosis and co-stimulatory molecules on DCs (CD11c(+)) from PCV2-infected mouse spleen by flow cytometry (FCM). We also analyzed the main cytokines secreted by DCs (CD11c(+)) and activation of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells by DCs (CD11c(+)) through measurement of cytokine secretion, using ELISA...
January 30, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135716/overexpression-of-cardiac-specific-kinase-tnni3k-promotes-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells-differentiation-into-cardiomyocytes
#19
Yin Wang, Shi-Qiang Wang, Li-Peng Wang, Yu-Hong Yao, Chun-Yan Ma, Jin-Feng Ding, Jue Ye, Xian-Min Meng, Rui-Xia Xu, Jian-Jun Li
: Backgroud/Aims: The biological function of cardiac troponin I-interacting kinase (TNNI3K), a cardiac-specific functional kinase, is largely unknown. We investigated the effect of human TNNI3K (hTNNI3K) on the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) into cardiomyocytes. METHODS: First, the time-space expression of endogenous Tnni3k was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blotting at 16 different time-points over a period of 28 days...
January 26, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122300/y-27632-a-rho-associated-protein-kinase-inhibitor-inhibits-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Yuanyuan Wang, Yang Lu, Jixia Chai, Meiqun Sun, Xiaodong Hu, Wenxin He, Min Ge, Changhao Xie
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether Rho-kinase inhibition (Y-27632) modulated the expressions of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) in systemic lupus erythematosus. 20 wild type mice and 20 MRL/lpr mice were applied for the research. The animals were randomly assigned to wild type, wild type+Y-27632 group, MRL/lpr group and MRL/lpr+Y-27632 group. 5mg/kg Y-27632 was intravenously injected to inhibit the ROCK expressions.Y-27632 significantly decreased the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and increased IL-10 level in serum of MRL/lpr mice...
January 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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