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microRNA and lumbar

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593550/overexpression-of-microrna-21-protects-spinal-cords-against-transient-ischemia
#1
Fang He, Yixing Ren, Enyi Shi, Kun Liu, Lihui Yan, Xiaojing Jiang
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNA (miRNA) molecules are involved in the response of the central nervous system to ischemia and reperfusion. We sought to test the hypothesis that overexpression of miRNA-21 can induce neuroprotection on spinal cords against transient ischemia. METHODS: Overexpression of miRNA-21 in vivo was conducted by means of intrathecal injection of lentivirus vectors containing pre-miRNA-21. The vehicle or control lentivirus vectors were given to the control group and the control vector group, respectively...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347338/regulation-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-signaling-by-microrna-4458-in-the-development-of-lumbar-disc-degeneration
#2
Zuo-Qing Liu, Wen-Qin Fu, Shan Zhao, Xin Zhao
A potential role of Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) receptor/phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3k)/Akt signaling in the initiation and progression of Lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) has been recently reported. However, the regulation of IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) at post-transcriptional levels in the development of LDD remains unknown. Here, we studied the effects of microRNA-4458 on the expression of IGF1R. We examined the IGF1R levels and microRNA-4458 (miR-4458) levels in the resected LDD discs, compared with the traumatized, non-LDD discs...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26987016/the-role-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-sirt6-in-the-suppression-of-postoperative-epidural-scar-formation
#3
Xiaochen Fan, Junjie Chen, Da Shi, Jing Jia, Jia He, Liang Li, Tao Lei, Xuesong Chen
In order to investigate the role which sirtuin-6 (SIRT6) plays in lumbar spinal epidural fibrosis (EF) and scar formation in vitro and in vivo, SIRT6 and transforming growth factor β (TGF‑β) protein levels in the lumbar disc of patients were detected using western blotting in patients who had undergone a laminectomy. The results demonstrated that SIRT6 expression was significantly reduced in the lumbar discs of patients in whom an epidural scar had formed, but the expression pattern of TGF-β2 was much higher...
May 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981236/mirna-expression-profiles-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-blood-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-other-types-of-dementia-an-exploratory-study
#4
Sofie Sølvsten Sørensen, Ann-Britt Nygaard, Thomas Christensen
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that function as posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression. Measurements of miRNAs in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood have just started gaining attention as a novel diagnostic tool for various neurological conditions. The purpose of this exploratory investigation was to analyze the expression of miRNAs in CSF and blood of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative disorders in order to identify potential miRNA biomarker candidates able to separate AD from other types of dementia...
2016: Translational Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26583473/downregulation-of-mir-27b-is-involved-in-loss-of-type-ii-collagen-by-directly-targeting-matrix-metalloproteinase-13-mmp13-in-human-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#5
Hao-ran Li, Qing Cui, Zhan-yin Dong, Jian-hua Zhang, Hai-qing Li, Ling Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: A microRNA (miRNA) study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD)-specific miRNAs, followed by functional validation of results. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: IDD is the major contributor to back radicular pain, and the molecular mechanisms underlying this disease are not completely understood. Accumulating evidence suggests that miRNAs play an important role in IDD, but the role of specific miRNAs involved in this disease remains elusive...
February 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26571175/microrna-221-regulates-hypertrophy-of-ligamentum-flavum-in-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-by-targeting-timp-2
#6
Yun-qiang Xu, Zhen-hui Zhang, Yong-fa Zheng, Shi-qing Feng
STUDY DESIGN: A study of lumbar ligamentum flavum (LF). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify LF hypertrophy related microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profile and to investigate the role of miRNAs in the development of LF hypertrophy in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although histologic and biologic literature on LF hypertrophy is available, the pathomechanism is still unknown. Accumulating evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) participate in many physiologic processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, and fibrosis, but the role of specific miRNAs involved in LF hypertrophy remains elusive...
February 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26279428/lumbar-disc-degeneration-is-facilitated-by-mir-100-mediated-fgfr3-suppression
#7
Ning Yan, Shunzhi Yu, Hailong Zhang, Tiesheng Hou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The pathogenesis of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) involved activation of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) by differential expression of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) and FGFR3. Nevertheless, the molecular regulation of FGFR1 and FGFR3 in the lumber disc cells remains elusive. METHODS: We examined the FGFR1 and FGFR3 levels and microRNAs (miRNAs) levels in the resected LDD discs, compared to the traumatized, non-LDD discs. We analyzed the binding of miR-100 to the 3'UTR of FGFR3 mRNA and its effects on FGFR3 translation by bioinformatics analysis and by luciferase-reporter assay, respectively...
2015: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26226413/peripheral-blood-biomarkers-in-multiple-sclerosis
#8
REVIEW
Antonella D'Ambrosio, Simona Pontecorvo, Tania Colasanti, Silvia Zamboni, Ada Francia, Paola Margutti
Multiple sclerosis is the most common autoimmune disorder affecting the central nervous system. The heterogeneity of pathophysiological processes in MS contributes to the highly variable course of the disease and unpredictable response to therapies. The major focus of the research on MS is the identification of biomarkers in biological fluids, such as cerebrospinal fluid or blood, to guide patient management reliably. Because of the difficulties in obtaining spinal fluid samples and the necessity for lumbar puncture to make a diagnosis has reduced, the research of blood-based biomarkers may provide increasingly important tools for clinical practice...
December 2015: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26222740/identification-of-spinal-cord-microrna-and-gene-signatures-in-a-model-of-chronic-stress-induced-visceral-hyperalgesia-in-rat
#9
Sylvie Bradesi, Iordanes Karagiannides, Kyriaki Bakirtzi, Swapna Mahurkar Joshi, Georgios Koukos, Dimitrios Iliopoulos, Charalabos Pothoulakis, Emeran A Mayer
INTRODUCTION: Animal studies have shown that stress could induce epigenetic and transcriptomic alterations essential in determining the balance between adaptive or maladaptive responses to stress. We tested the hypothesis that chronic stress in rats deregulates coding and non-coding gene expression in the spinal cord, which may underline neuroinflammation and nociceptive changes previously observed in this model. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were exposed to daily stress or handled, for 10 days...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26092503/inhibition-of-micro-ribonucleic-acid-320-attenuates-neurologic-injuries-after-spinal-cord-ischemia
#10
Fang He, Enyi Shi, Lihui Yan, Juchen Li, Xiaojing Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) are involved in a wide range of biological functions, in multiple tissues, including the central nervous system. We investigated a novel neuroprotective strategy of down-regulation of miR-320 in the spinal cord under the condition of transient ischemia. METHODS: Spinal cord ischemia was induced in rats by cross-clamping the descending aorta for 14 minutes. Lentivirus vectors containing antisense oligonucleotides of rat miR-320 (antagomiR-320) were transfected into the experimental rats by means of intrathecal injection, 5 days before spinal cord ischemia...
August 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25941324/identification-of-a-novel-fgfrl1-microrna-target-site-polymorphism-for-bone-mineral-density-in-meta-analyses-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#11
Tianhua Niu, Ning Liu, Ming Zhao, Guie Xie, Lei Zhang, Jian Li, Yu-Fang Pei, Hui Shen, Xiaoying Fu, Hao He, Shan Lu, Xiang-Ding Chen, Li-Jun Tan, Tie-Lin Yang, Yan Guo, Paul J Leo, Emma L Duncan, Jie Shen, Yan-Fang Guo, Geoffrey C Nicholson, Richard L Prince, John A Eisman, Graeme Jones, Philip N Sambrook, Xiang Hu, Partha M Das, Qing Tian, Xue-Zhen Zhu, Christopher J Papasian, Matthew A Brown, André G Uitterlinden, Yu-Ping Wang, Shuanglin Xiang, Hong-Wen Deng
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical post-transcriptional regulators. Based on a previous genome-wide association (GWA) scan, we conducted a polymorphism in microRNA target sites (poly-miRTS)-centric multistage meta-analysis for lumbar spine (LS)-, total hip (HIP)- and femoral neck (FN)-bone mineral density (BMD). In stage I, 41 102 poly-miRTSs were meta-analyzed in seven cohorts with a genome-wide significance (GWS) α = 0.05/41 102 = 1.22 × 10(-6). By applying α = 5 × 10(-5) (suggestive significance), 11 poly-miRTSs were selected, with FGFRL1 rs4647940 and PRR5 rs3213550 as top signals for FN-BMD (P = 7...
August 15, 2015: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25906693/microrna-494-inhibition-protects-nucleus-pulposus-cells-from-tnf-%C3%AE-induced-apoptosis-by-targeting-jund
#12
Tao Wang, Pengfei Li, Xinlong Ma, Peng Tian, Chao Han, Jiacheng Zang, Jingbo Kong, Hongliang Yan
BACKGROUND: Human nucleus pulposus cell (HNPC) apoptosis plays an important role in the development of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). Our previous research revealed that among all of the dysregulated microRNAs in the degenerated nucleus pulposus tissues of patient with IVDD, miRNA-494 (miR-494) is the most significantly increased. However, the influence of miR-494 HNPC apoptosis has not been confirmed. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of miR-494 on the HNPC apoptosis induced by TNF-α and to explore the possible mechanism of this process...
August 2015: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25823817/microrna-155-expression-is-independently-predictive-of-outcome-in-chordoma
#13
Eiji Osaka, Andrew D Kelly, Dimitrios Spentzos, Edwin Choy, Xiaoqian Yang, Jacson K Shen, Pei Yang, Henry J Mankin, Francis J Hornicek, Zhenfeng Duan
BACKGROUND: Chordoma pathogenesis remains poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationships between microRNA-155 (miR-155) expression and the clinicopathological features of chordoma patients, and to evaluate the functional role of miR-155 in chordoma. METHODS: The miRNA expression profiles were analyzed using miRNA microarray assays. Regulatory activity of miR-155 was assessed using bioinformatic tools. miR-155 expression levels were validated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
April 20, 2015: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25750921/sod1-silencing-in-motoneurons-or-glia-rescues-neuromuscular-function-in-als-mice
#14
Elisabeth Dirren, Julianne Aebischer, Cylia Rochat, Christopher Towne, Bernard L Schneider, Patrick Aebischer
OBJECTIVE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is an incurable disorder mainly characterized by motoneuron degeneration. Mutations in the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene account for 20% of familial forms of the disease. Mutant SOD1 exerts multiple pathogenic effects through the gain of toxic properties in both neurons and glial cells. Here, we compare AAV-based gene therapy suppressing expression of mutant SOD1 in either motoneurons or astrocytes. METHODS: AAV vectors encoding microRNA against human SOD1 were administered to (G93) (A)SOD1 mice either by intracerebroventricular injections in pups or by lumbar intrathecal injections in adults...
February 2015: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25498543/altered-micrornas-expression-profiling-in-mice-with-diabetic-neuropathic-pain
#15
Qingjuan Gong, Zhenhe Lu, Qiaodong Huang, Lin Ruan, Jinsheng Chen, Ying Liang, Honghua Wang, Yu Yue, Suqin Feng
Neuropathic pain is one of the most common chronic complications of diabetes mellitus, one hallmark of which is tactile allodynia. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying tactile allodynia are not well understood. It has been demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are essential regulators of gene expression in the nervous system where they contribute to neuronal plasticity. Thus, in this study, we investigated the differentially expressed microRNAs in the lumbar spinal dorsal horn of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) mice and vehicle controls...
January 9, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25127724/mirna-expression-profiles-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-blood-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#16
Sofie Sølvsten Sørensen, Ann-Britt Nygaard, Ming-Yuan Nielsen, Kai Jensen, Thomas Christensen
The aims of the study were (1) to determine whether miRNAs (microRNAs) can be detected in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood of patients with ischemic stroke and (2) to compare these miRNA profiles with corresponding profiles from other neurological patients to address whether the miRNA profiles of CSF or blood have potential usefulness as diagnostic biomarkers of ischemic stroke. CSF from patients with acute ischemic stroke (n = 10) and patients with other neurological diseases (n = 10) was collected by lumbar puncture...
December 2014: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24963214/hypertrophy-of-ligamentum-flavum-in-lumbar-spine-stenosis-is-associated-with-increased-mir-155-level
#17
Jianwei Chen, Zude Liu, Guibin Zhong, Lie Qian, Zhanchun Li, Zhiguang Qiao, Bin Chen, Hantao Wang
Hypertrophy of ligamentum flavum (LF) contributes to lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and is caused mainly by fibrosis. Recent data indicate that miR-155 plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of different fibrotic diseases. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that miR-155 exerts effects on LF thickness by regulating collagen expression. We found that LF thickness and the expression of collagen I and, collagen III were higher in LF from LSS patients than in LF from lumbar disc herniation (LDH) patients (P < 0...
2014: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24696165/increased-expression-of-microrna-29a-in-als-mice-functional-analysis-of-its-inhibition
#18
Katie Nolan, Mollie R Mitchem, Eva M Jimenez-Mateos, David C Henshall, Caoimhín G Concannon, Jochen H M Prehn
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in a number of neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MicroRNAs are small ribonucleic acids which can modulate protein expression by binding to the 3'UTR of target mRNAs. We recently identified increased miR-29a expression in response to ER stress in neurons, with members of the miR-29 family implicated in cancer and neurodegeneration. We found high expression of miR-29a in the mouse brain and spinal cord by quantitative PCR analysis and increased expression of miR-29a in the spinal cord of SOD1(G93A) transgenic mice, a mouse model of familial ALS...
June 2014: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24584697/wnt3a-gene-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-variation-in-postmenopausal-mestizo-women-of-an-urban-mexican-population-findings-of-a-pathway-based-high-density-single-nucleotide-screening
#19
Rafael Velázquez-Cruz, Humberto García-Ortiz, Manuel Castillejos-López, Manuel Quiterio, Margarita Valdés-Flores, Lorena Orozco, Teresa Villarreal-Molina, Jorge Salmerón
Osteoporosis (OP) is a common skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and is a common health problem in Mexico. To date, few genes affecting BMD variation in the Mexican population have been identified. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in genes of the Wnt pathway with BMD variation at various skeletal sites in a cohort of postmenopausal Mexican women. A total of 121 SNPs in or near 15 Wnt signaling pathway genes and 96 ancestry informative markers were genotyped in 425 postmenopausal women using the Illumina GoldenGate microarray SNP genotyping method...
June 2014: Age (2005-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24216480/lumbar-disc-degeneration-is-linked-to-a-carbohydrate-sulfotransferase-3-variant
#20
You-Qiang Song, Tatsuki Karasugi, Kenneth M C Cheung, Kazuhiro Chiba, Daniel W H Ho, Atsushi Miyake, Patrick Y P Kao, Kit Ling Sze, Anita Yee, Atsushi Takahashi, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Yasuo Mikami, Morio Matsumoto, Daisuke Togawa, Masahiro Kanayama, Dongquan Shi, Jin Dai, Qing Jiang, Chengai Wu, Wei Tian, Na Wang, John C Y Leong, Keith D K Luk, Shea-ping Yip, Stacey S Cherny, Junwen Wang, Stefan Mundlos, Anthi Kelempisioti, Pasi J Eskola, Minna Männikkö, Pirkka Mäkelä, Jaro Karppinen, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Paul F O'Reilly, Michiaki Kubo, Tomoatsu Kimura, Toshikazu Kubo, Yoshiaki Toyama, Hiroshi Mizuta, Kathryn S E Cheah, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Pak-Chung Sham, Shiro Ikegawa, Danny Chan
Lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) is associated with both genetic and environmental factors and affects many people worldwide. A hallmark of LDD is loss of proteoglycan and water content in the nucleus pulposus of intervertebral discs. While some genetic determinants have been reported, the etiology of LDD is largely unknown. Here we report the findings from linkage and association studies on a total of 32,642 subjects consisting of 4,043 LDD cases and 28,599 control subjects. We identified carbohydrate sulfotransferase 3 (CHST3), an enzyme that catalyzes proteoglycan sulfation, as a susceptibility gene for LDD...
November 2013: Journal of Clinical Investigation
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