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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232259/the-experience-of-head-and-neck-cancer-survivorship-including-laryngectomy-an-integrated-biopsychosocial-model
#1
Marlene C Jacobson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The head and neck cancer (HNC) survivorship experience is unique among cancer populations. This review seeks to explore the HNC survivor experience associated with altered upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) function using principles of survivorship. RECENT FINDINGS: HNC survivors experience complex physical, functional, and psychosocial challenges related to UADT dysfunction. Interventions need to address all of these dimensions being mindful of the survivor experience...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216199/the-potential-of-statistical-shape-modelling-for-geometric-morphometric-analysis-of-human-teeth-in-archaeological-research
#2
Christopher Woods, Christianne Fernee, Martin Browne, Sonia Zakrzewski, Alexander Dickinson
This paper introduces statistical shape modelling (SSM) for use in osteoarchaeology research. SSM is a full field, multi-material analytical technique, and is presented as a supplementary geometric morphometric (GM) tool. Lower mandibular canines from two archaeological populations and one modern population were sampled, digitised using micro-CT, aligned, registered to a baseline and statistically modelled using principal component analysis (PCA). Sample material properties were incorporated as a binary enamel/dentin parameter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210900/development-of-image-enhanced-endoscopy-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-a-review-of-history-and-current-evidences
#3
Shiaw-Hooi Ho, Noriya Uedo, Akira Aso, Shuji Shimizu, Yutaka Saito, Kenshi Yao, Khean-Lee Goh
Endoscopy imaging of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract has evolved tremendously over the last few decades. Key milestones in the development of endoscopy imaging include the use of various dyes for chromoendoscopy, the application of optical magnification in endoscopy, the introduction of high-definition image capturing and display technology and the application of altered illuminating light to achieve vascular and surface enhancement. Aims of this review paper are to summarize the development and evolution of modern endoscopy imaging and in particular, imaged-enhanced endoscopy (IEE), to promote appropriate usage, and to guide future development of good endoscopy practice...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187946/the-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-to-cranio-cervical-junction-the-complete-panel
#4
REVIEW
Nouman Aldahak, Bertram Richter, Joseph Synèse Bemora, Jeffery Thomas Keller, Sebastien Froelich, Khaled Mohamed Abdel Aziz
We aim to establish a complete summary on the Endoscopic Endonasal Approach (EEA) to Cranio Cervical Junction (CCJ): evolution since first description, criteria to predict the feasibility and limitations, anatomical landmarks, indications and biomechanical evaluation after performing the approach. A comprehensive literature search to identify all available literature published between March 2002 and June 2015, the articles were divided into four categories according to their main purpose: 1- surgical technique, 2- anatomical landmarks and limitations, 3- literature reviews to identify main indications, 4- biomechanical studies...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184656/multimodal-connectivity-based-eloquence-score-computation-and-visualisation-for-computer-aided-neurosurgical-path-planning
#5
Saeed M Bakhshmand, Roy Eagleson, Sandrine de Ribaupierre
Non-invasive assessment of cognitive importance has been a major challenge for planning of neurosurgical procedures. In the past decade, in vivo brain imaging modalities have been considered for estimating the 'eloquence' of brain areas. In order to estimate the impact of damage caused by an access path towards a target region inside of the skull, multi-modal metrics are introduced in this paper. Accordingly, this estimated damage is obtained by combining multi-modal metrics. In other words, this damage is an aggregate of intervened grey matter volume and axonal fibre numbers, weighted by their importance within the assigned anatomical and functional networks...
October 2017: Healthcare Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149043/local-homing-navigation-based-on-the-moment-model-for-landmark-distribution-and-features
#6
Changmin Lee, DaeEun Kim
[-10]For local homing navigation, an agent is supposed to return home based on the surrounding environmental information. According to the snapshot model, the home snapshot and the current view are compared to determine the homing direction. In this paper, we propose a novel homing navigation method using the moment model. The suggested moment model also follows the snapshot theory to compare the home snapshot and the current view, but the moment model defines a moment of landmark inertia as the sum of the product of the feature of the landmark particle with the square of its distance...
November 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139190/a-man-before-his-time-russell-s-insights-into-nicotine-smoking-treatment-and-curbing-the-smoking-problem
#7
Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This narrative review aimed to provide a brief overview of five key research 'classics' produced by the innovative and radical thought leader, Professor Michael Anthony Hamilton Russell (1932-2009), drawing upon his other work wherever feasible. METHODS: Narrative review. From more than 250 publications, we selected papers we considered seminal texts, published in 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1991. RESULTS: Russell was among the first researchers to explain that smoking was a dependence disorder caused by the drug nicotine decades before this was recognized formally...
November 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124683/the-21st-century-cures-act-implications-for-the-reduction-of-racial-health-disparities-in-the-us-criminal-justice-system-a-public-health-approach
#8
Donna M Cole, Dawna Marie Thomas, Kelsi Field, Amelia Wool, Taryn Lipiner, Natalie Massenberg, Barbara J Guthrie
Past drug epidemics have disproportionately criminalized drug addiction among African Americans, leading to disparate health outcomes, increased rates of HIV/AIDS, and mass incarceration. Conversely, the current opioid addiction crisis in the USA focuses primarily on white communities and is being addressed as a public health problem. The 21st Century Cures Act has the potential to reduce racial health disparities in the criminal justice system through the Act's public health approach to addiction and mental health issues...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112455/on-the-journey-toward-humane-education-in-brazil-first-request-for-a-total-ban-of-harmful-animal-use-in-professional-and-higher-education
#9
REVIEW
Róber Bachinski, Gutemberg Alves, Mariângela Freitas de Almeida Souza, Vanessa Carli Bones, Rita de Cassia Maria Garcia, Rosangela Gebara, Valeska Regina Reque Ruiz, Luciano da Silva Alonso, Thales Tréz, Simone Tostes Oliveira, Alexandro Aluisio Rocha, Rita Leal Paixão, Roseli Pizzigatti Klein, Débora Gasparetto, Nick Jukes, Júlia Maria Matera
The Brazilian Network for Humane Education (RedEH( is an independent and self-managed group comprised of academics from ten different Brazilian states and a number of international collaborators. In 2016, in a concerted effort to change the educational field in Brazil and propagate humane education, RedEH sent a request to the Brazilian National Council for the Control of Animal Experimentation (CONCEA(, asking that harmful animal use in education in professional and undergraduate courses be banned. This was the first formal request for a total replacement of harmful animal use in education in Brazil, and represented a major historic landmark in the advancement of Brazilian science education...
November 2017: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111305/landmark-discoveries-in-elucidating-the-origins-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-system-from-the-perspective-of-a-basal-vertebrate-sea-lamprey
#10
REVIEW
Stacia A Sower
The hypothalamic-pituitary (HP) system, which is specific to vertebrates, is considered to be an evolutionary innovation that emerged prior to or during the differentiation of the ancestral jawless vertebrates (agnathans) leading to the neuroendocrine control of many complex functions. Along with hagfish, lampreys represent the oldest lineage of vertebrates, agnathans (jawless fish). This review will highlight our discoveries of the major components of the lamprey HP axis. Generally, gnathostomes (jawed vertebrates) have one or two hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRH) while lampreys have three hypothalamic GnRHs...
October 27, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110588/book-review-remark-the-book-of-landmark-papers-in-neurology
#11
Yue Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107865/landmark-based-deep-multi-instance-learning-for-brain-disease-diagnosis
#12
Mingxia Liu, Jun Zhang, Ehsan Adeli, Dinggang Shen
In conventional Magnetic Resonance (MR) image based methods, two stages are often involved to capture brain structural information for disease diagnosis, i.e., 1) manually partitioning each MR image into a number of regions-of-interest (ROIs), and 2) extracting pre-defined features from each ROI for diagnosis with a certain classifier. However, these pre-defined features often limit the performance of the diagnosis, due to challenges in 1) defining the ROIs and 2) extracting effective disease-related features...
January 2018: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101639/an-automatic-markerless-registration-method-for-neurosurgical-robotics-based-on-an-optical-camera
#13
Fanle Meng, Fangwen Zhai, Bowei Zeng, Hui Ding, Guangzhi Wang
PURPOSE: Current markerless registration methods for neurosurgical robotics use the facial surface to match the robot space with the image space, and acquisition of the facial surface usually requires manual interaction and constrains the patient to a supine position. To overcome these drawbacks, we propose a registration method that is automatic and does not constrain patient position. METHODS: An optical camera attached to the robot end effector captures images around the patient's head from multiple views...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095836/mapping-longitudinal-scientific-progress-collaboration-and-impact-of-the-alzheimer-s-disease-neuroimaging-initiative
#14
Xiaohui Yao, Jingwen Yan, Michael Ginda, Katy Börner, Andrew J Saykin, Li Shen
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease neuroimaging initiative (ADNI) is a landmark imaging and omics study in AD. ADNI research literature has increased substantially over the past decade, which poses challenges for effectively communicating information about the results and impact of ADNI-related studies. In this work, we employed advanced information visualization techniques to perform a comprehensive and systematic mapping of the ADNI scientific growth and impact over a period of 12 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095513/the-evolution-of-cranial-base-and-face-in-cercopithecoidea-and-hominoidea-modularity-and-morphological-integration
#15
Antonio Profico, Paolo Piras, Costantino Buzi, Fabio Di Vincenzo, Flavio Lattarini, Marina Melchionna, Alessio Veneziano, Pasquale Raia, Giorgio Manzi
The evolutionary relationship between the base and face of the cranium is a major topic of interest in primatology. Such areas of the skull possibly respond to different selective pressures. Yet, they are often said to be tightly integrated. In this paper, we analyzed shape variability in the cranial base and the facial complex in Cercopithecoidea and Hominoidea. We used a landmark-based approach to single out the effects of size (evolutionary allometry), morphological integration, modularity, and phylogeny (under Brownian motion) on skull shape variability...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092733/bortezomib-induced-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuresis-in-a-patient-with-multiple-myeloma-a-case-report-and-literature-review%C3%A2
#16
Bo Peng, Hu Chen, Xiao Lou
Bortezomib is a landmark drug in the therapeutic history of multiple myeloma as the first-generation proteasome inhibitor. It is widely used clinically, and its common adverse reaction is peripheral nerve lesion. We observed a severe syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) in a female patient with multiple myeloma treated with bortezomib. This paper reviews the treatment process and relevant research progress regarding SIAD through a case report so as to improve the clinicians' ability to recognize and diagnose this rare complication...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091253/morphometric-study-of-the-human-brainstem-and-its-neurovascular-relations
#17
Bianca Aurora Szabo, Raluca Pascalau, Vlad Adrian Padurean
AIM: The brainstem is a very complex segment of the central nervous system because it has a high density of nuclei and tracts with vital functional roles. This explains the considerable difficulty of surgery for lesions located in or around the brainstem. Our paper aims to provide a concise description of the external configuration, its internal correspondence and the neurovascular relations of the brainstem with morphometric data that can be useful in surgical planning. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on formalin fixed brainstem specimens, which were harvested with respect to the topographic anatomy...
October 2, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090419/assessment-for-facial-nerve-paralysis-based-on-facial-asymmetry
#18
Song Anping, Xu Guoliang, Ding Xuehai, Song Jiaxin, Xu Gang, Zhang Wu
Facial nerve paralysis (FNP) is a loss of facial movement due to facial nerve damage, which will lead to significant physical pain and abnormal function in patients. Traditional FNP grading methods are solely based on clinician's judgment and are time-consuming and subjective. Hence, an accurate, quantitative and objective method of evaluating FNP is proposed for constructing a standard system, which will be an invaluable tool for clinicians who treat the patient with FNP. In this paper, we introduce a novel method for quantitative assessment of FNP which combines an effective facial landmark estimation (FLE) algorithm and facial asymmetrical feature (FAF) by processing facial movement image...
October 31, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076463/-application-of-intraoperative-electromagnetic-frameless-navigation-in-transcranial-and-endoscopic-neurosurgical-interventions
#19
V A Shurkhay, S A Goryaynov, M A Kutin, S A Eolchiyan, D N Capitanov, D V Fomichev, P L Kalinin, A N Shkarubo, D N Kopachev, A G Melikyan, M V Nersesyan, A M Shkatova, A N Konovalov, A A Potapov
The paper summarizes the experience in using a system of electromagnetic intraoperative frameless navigation in various neurosurgical pathologies of the brain. The electromagnetic navigation technique was used for 102 operations in 98 patients, including 36 transnasal endoscopic interventions. There were no intraoprtative and postoperative complications associated with the use of the system. In the process of using the system, factors influencing the accuracy of navigation and requiring additional control by the surgeon were identified...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073531/automatic-initialization-and-quality-control-of-large-scale-cardiac-mri-segmentations
#20
Xènia Albà, Karim Lekadir, Marco Pereañez, Pau Medrano-Gracia, Alistair A Young, Alejandro F Frangi
Continuous advances in imaging technologies enable ever more comprehensive phenotyping of human anatomy and physiology. Concomitant reduction of imaging costs has resulted in widespread use of imaging in large clinical trials and population imaging studies. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), in particular, offers one-stop-shop multidimensional biomarkers of cardiovascular physiology and pathology. A wide range of analysis methods offer sophisticated cardiac image assessment and quantification for clinical and research studies...
October 16, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
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