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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673346/elements-for-harnessing-participatory-action-research-to-strengthen-health-managers-capacity-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
Moses Tetui, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Suzanne N Kiwanuka, Anna-Britt Coe
BACKGROUND: Health managers play a key role in ensuring that health services are responsive to the needs of the population. Participatory action research (PAR) is one of the approaches that have been used to strengthen managers' capacity. However, collated knowledge on elements for harnessing PAR to strengthen managers' capacity is missing. This paper bridges this gap by reviewing existing literature on the subject matter. METHODS: A critical interpretive synthesis method was used to interrogate eight selected articles...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669707/a-web-based-decision-tool-to-improve-contraceptive-counseling-for-women-with-chronic-medical-conditions-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#2
Justine P Wu, Laura J Damschroder, Michael D Fetters, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Benjamin F Crabtree, Shawna V Hudson, Mack T Ruffin Iv, Juliana Fucinari, Minji Kang, L Susan Taichman, John W Creswell
BACKGROUND: Women with chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension, have a higher risk of pregnancy-related complications compared with women without medical conditions and should be offered contraception if desired. Although evidence based guidelines for contraceptive selection in the presence of medical conditions are available via the United States Medical Eligibility Criteria (US MEC), these guidelines are underutilized. Research also supports the use of decision tools to promote shared decision making between patients and providers during contraceptive counseling...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669090/improving-physical-therapy-pain-care-quality-and-cost-through-effectiveness-implementation-research
#3
Chris Joyce, Michael Schneider, Joel M Stevans, Jason M Beneciuk
The variability and delay in utilizing evidence in clinical practice are barriers to improving care, quality, and cost in health care, as charged by the "triple aim" framework. Scientific research provides an avenue not only to further the field of pain research, but also to study and change the patterns and processes that drive systemic and individual clinical practices. Implementation science is an emerging field that can be integrated with more traditional effectiveness research to accomplish a combination of aims within the same study...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667737/one-size-does-not-fit-all-addressing-the-challenges-of-intervention-for-complex-developmental-issues
#4
EDITORIAL
Courtenay Frazier Norbury
The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry is committed to publishing implementational research, or turning therapeutic research discoveries into practical benefit for human health and well-being. This editorial showcases three such papers in this issue from diverse fields in developmental science. The papers highlight the challenges of implementing intervention under real-world constraints, and highlight key issues that clinicians and researchers will need to address in future work. Despite these challenges, each approach shows promise and innovation in delivering high-quality interventions to vulnerable children and families...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666310/role-of-patient-and-public-involvement-in-implementation-research-a-consensus-study
#5
Kara Gray-Burrows, Thomas Willis, Robbie Foy, Martin Rathfelder, Pauline Bland, Allison Chin, Susan Hodgson, Gus Ibegbuna, Graham Prestwich, Kirsty Samuel, Laurence Wood, Farhat Yaqoob, Rosemary R C McEachan
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is often an essential requirement for research funding. Distinctions can be drawn between clinical research, which generally focuses on patients, and implementation research, which generally focuses on health professional behaviour. There is uncertainty about the role of PPI in this latter field. We explored and defined the roles of PPI in implementation research to inform relevant good practice guidance. METHODS: We used a structured consensus process using a convenience sample panel of nine experienced PPI and two researcher members...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665809/generating-evidence-for-health-policy-in-challenging-settings-lessons-learned-from-four-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-implementation-research-studies-in-nigeria
#6
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Muktar H Aliyu, Olusegun A Adeyemi, Frank Oronsaye, Bolanle Oyeledun, Amaka G Ogidi, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Implementation research (IR) facilitates health systems strengthening and optimal patient outcomes by generating evidence for scale-up of efficacious strategies in context. Thus, difficulties in generating IR evidence, particularly in limited-resource settings with wide disease prevention and treatment gaps, need to be anticipated and addressed. Nigeria is a priority country for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). This paper analyses the experiences of four PMTCT IR studies in Nigeria, and proffers solutions to major challenges encountered during implementation...
April 17, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661178/mobile-health-tool-to-improve-maternal-and-neonatal-health-care-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Syed Emdadul Haque, Kiyoko Ikegami, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, the targets on reduction of maternal mortality and utilization of related obstetric services provided by skilled health personnel in Millennium Development Goals 5 remains unmet, and the progress in reduction of neonatal mortality lag behind that in the reduction of infant and under-five mortalities, remaining as an essential issue towards the achievement of maternal and neonatal health targets in health related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As access to appropriate perinatal care is crucial to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths, recently several mobile platform-based health programs sponsored by donor countries and Non-Governmental Organizations have targeted to reduce maternal and child mortality...
April 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629389/promoting-evidence-informed-policymaking-through-capacity-enhancement-in-implementation-research-for-health-researchers-and-policymakers-in-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Abel Ebeh Ezeoha, Henry Chukwuemeka Uro-Chukwu
BACKGROUND: Capacity constraints on implementation research among policymakers and researchers are a major challenge to the evidence to policy link. This study was designed to bring together senior policymakers and researchers in Nigeria to consider issues around research-to-policy interface and enhance their capacity on implementation research. METHODS: The design was a cross-sectional study. A 3-day joint implementation research workshop was held for policymakers and researchers using World Health Organization/TDR Implementation Research Toolkit...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620578/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-isprint-a-sport-injury-prevention-program-in-junior-high-schools
#9
Sarah A Richmond, Alex Donaldson, Alison Macpherson, William Bridel, Carla van den Berg, Caroline F Finch, Brent Hagel, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: Sport injury is the leading cause of hospitalization in Canadian youth and represents a high burden to the health care system. This study aims to describe the facilitators and barriers to implementation of a sport injury prevention program in junior high school physical education (known as iSPRINT), previously shown to reduce the risk of sport-related injury in youth (age, 11-15 years). METHODS: Focus group data were mapped onto constructs from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619651/increasing-access-to-and-utilization-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-cbt-i-a-narrative-review
#10
Erin Koffel, Adam D Bramoweth, Christi S Ulmer
The American College of Physicians (ACP) recently identified cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) as the first-line treatment for insomnia. Although CBT-I improves sleep outcomes and reduces the risks associated with reliance on hypnotics, patients are rarely referred to this treatment, especially in primary care where most insomnia treatment is provided. We reviewed the evidence about barriers to CBT-I referrals and efforts to increase the use of CBT-I services. PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase were searched on January 11, 2018; additional titles were added based on a review of bibliographies and expert opinion and 51 articles were included in the results of this narrative review...
April 4, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606697/establishing-new-community-based-participatory-research-partnerships-using-the-community-based-participatory-research-charrette-model-lessons-from-the-cancer-health-accountability-for-managing-pain-and-symptoms-study
#11
Cleo A Samuel, Alexandra F Lightfoot, Jennifer Schaal, Christina Yongue, Kristin Black, Katrina Ellis, Linda Robertson, Beth Smith, Nora Jones, Karen Foley, Jemeia Kollie, Alicia Mayhand, Claire Morse, Fatima Guerrab, Eugenia Eng
BACKGROUND: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a collaborative and equitable approach to research inquiry; however, the process of establishing and maintaining CBPR partnerships can be challenging. There is an ongoing need for innovative strategies that foster partnership development and long-term sustainability. In 2010, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill developed a CBPR charrette model to facilitate stakeholder engagement in translational research. OBJECTIVE: To describe how the Cancer Health Accountability for Managing Pain and Symptoms (CHAMPS) Study leveraged the CBPR charrette process to develop and strengthen its CBPR partnership and successfully implement research objectives...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606227/complexities-with-group-therapy-facilitation-in-substance-use-disorder-specialty-treatment-settings
#12
Dennis C Wendt, Joseph P Gone
In spite of increased attention to research-based interventions for substance use disorders (SUDs), a formidable research-practice gap impedes the implementation of evidence-based treatments (EBTs). An underappreciated dimension of this gap is a mismatch in treatment modality: Whereas clinical trial and implementation research has focused primarily on individual therapy, the majority of SUD specialty treatment is in group format, with open-enrolling groups being most common. This study aims to narrow this research-practice gap by exploring clinicians' perspectives on complexities with group therapy facilitation in SUD specialty treatment settings...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596947/figo-analysis-of-research-priorities-in-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
David McIntyre, Gernot Desoye, Fidelma Dunne, Umberto Simeoni, Gerard H A Visser, Anil Kapur, Moshe Hod
Hyperglycemia in pregnancy (HIP) is recognized as a major underlying cause of pregnancy complications and a contributing cause to health risks throughout the subsequent life of both mothers and babies, with amplification of the global epidemic of non-communicable diseases. Although some aspects of these associations are well described, detailed understanding of basic pathophysiologic mechanisms is lacking. Improved fundamental scientific knowledge must be developed to allow logical strategies for prevention and treatment...
March 26, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595578/a-menu-to-evaluate-factors-influencing-implementation-of-obesity-prevention-early-care-and-education-regulations
#14
Erin Sawicki, Dianne C Barker, Marjorie A Gutman, Ian Caughlan, Marissa Yochelson, George Grob
CONTEXT: In recent years, several states have adopted new regulations concerning nutrition, physical activity, and screen time in early care and education (ECE) settings to help prevent childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: To disseminate a menu of factors that facilitate and/or impede implementation of obesity prevention regulations in ECE settings. DESIGN: To create the menu, we condensed and categorized factors identified in the literature and through field work by placing them within domains...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589570/proceedings-of-the-fourth-biennial-conference-of-the-society-for-implementation-research-collaboration-sirc-2017-implementation-mechanisms-what-makes-implementation-work-and-why-part-1
#15
Cara C Lewis, Cameo Stanick, Aaron Lyon, Doyanne Darnell, Jill Locke, Ajeng Puspitasari, Brigid R Marriott, Caitlin N Dorsey, Madeline Larson, Carrie Jackson, Jordan Thayer, Callie Walsh Bailey, Rebecca Lengnick-Hall, Shannon Dorsey, Sara J Landes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587804/developing-measures-to-assess-constructs-from-the-inner-setting-domain-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#16
Maria E Fernandez, Timothy J Walker, Bryan J Weiner, William A Calo, Shuting Liang, Betsy Risendal, Daniela B Friedman, Shin Ping Tu, Rebecca S Williams, Sara Jacobs, Alison K Herrmann, Michelle C Kegler
BACKGROUND: Scientists and practitioners alike need reliable, valid measures of contextual factors that influence implementation. Yet, few existing measures demonstrate reliability or validity. To meet this need, we developed and assessed the psychometric properties of measures of several constructs within the Inner Setting domain of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). METHODS: We searched the literature for existing measures for the 7 Inner Setting domain constructs (Culture Overall, Culture Stress, Culture Effort, Implementation Climate, Learning Climate, Leadership Engagement, and Available Resources)...
March 27, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580249/evaluation-of-a-program-for-routine-implementation-of-shared-decision-making-in-cancer-care-study-protocol-of-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Isabelle Scholl, Pola Hahlweg, Anja Lindig, Carsten Bokemeyer, Anja Coym, Henning Hanken, Volkmar Müller, Ralf Smeets, Isabell Witzel, Levente Kriston, Martin Härter
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) has become increasingly important in health care. However, despite scientific evidence, effective implementation strategies, and a prominent position on the health policy agenda, SDM is not widely implemented in routine practice so far. Therefore, we developed a program for routine implementation of SDM in oncology by conducting an analysis of the current state and a needs assessment in a pilot study based on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)...
March 27, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573768/factors-influencing-the-implementation-of-screening-and-brief-interventions-for-alcohol-use-in-primary-care-practices-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Frederico Rosário, Maria Inês Santos, Kathryn Angus, Leo Pas, Niamh Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol is a leading risk factor contributing to the global burden of disease. National and international agencies recommend evidence-based screening and brief interventions in primary care settings in order to reduce alcohol consumption. However, the majority of primary care professionals do not routinely deliver such interventions. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors influencing general practitioners/family physicians' and primary care nurses' routine delivery of alcohol screening and brief intervention in adults...
January 31, 2018: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565694/application-of-commercial-games-for-home-based-rehabilitation-for-people-with-hemiparesis-challenges-and-lessons-learned
#19
Bulmaro A Valdés, Stephanie M N Glegg, Navid Lambert-Shirzad, Andrea N Schneider, Jonathan Marr, Renee Bernard, Keith Lohse, Alison M Hoens, H F Machiel Van der Loos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors that influence the use of an at-home virtual rehabilitation gaming system from the perspective of therapists, engineers, and adults and adolescents with hemiparesis secondary to stroke, brain injury, and cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reports on qualitative findings from a study, involving seven adults (two female; mean age: 65 ± 8 years) and three adolescents (one female; mean age: 15 ± 2 years) with hemiparesis, evaluating the feasibility and clinical effectiveness of a home-based custom-designed virtual rehabilitation system over 2 months...
March 22, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565111/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-10-science-and-research-in-prm-specificities-and-challenges
#20
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), this paper deals with Research, the future of PRM. PRM students and specialists are mainly involved in biomedical research, investigating the biological processes, the causes of diseases, their medical diagnosis, the evaluation of their consequences on functioning, disability and health and the effects of health interventions at an individual and a societal level. Most of the current PRM research, often interdisciplinary, originates from applied research which, using existing knowledge, is directed towards specific goals...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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