Read by QxMD icon Read

"Implementation research"

Songyuan Tang, Weiming Tang, Kathrine Meyers, Polin Chan, Zhongdan Chen, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Despite global efforts to control HIV among key populations, new infections among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender (TG) individuals are still increasing. The increasing HIV epidemic among MSM/TG in China indicates that more effective services are urgently needed. However, policymakers and program managers must have a clear understanding of MSM/TG sexual health in China to improve service delivery. To meet this need, we undertook a scoping review to summarize HIV epidemiology and responses among MSM and TG individuals in China...
October 20, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Frances M Cowan, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Eduard J Sanders, Nelly R Mugo, Fernand A Guedou, Michel Alary, Luc Behanzin, Owen Mugurungi, Linda-Gail Bekker
INTRODUCTION: Of the two million new HIV infections in adults in 2014, 70% occurred in sub-Saharan Africa. Several African countries have already approved guidelines for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for individuals at substantial risk of HIV as part of combination HIV prevention but key questions remain about how to identify and deliver PrEP to those at greatest need. Throughout the continent, individuals in sero-discordant relationships, and members of key populations (sex workers, men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender women and injection drug users) are likely to benefit from the availability of PrEP...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
M Schrappe, H Pfaff
In Germany, Health Services Research (HSR) is undergoing rapid and impressive development. Starting from the translation of methods in individual health care (efficacy-effectiveness gap) and the social-scientific description as well as analysis of health care structures and processes, now it is the implementation of complex interventions on the organizational and system level that is the center of interest. This development is mainly triggered by the establishment of the so-called innovation funds by means of legislation in 2015, which has the task to evaluate structural changes and reforms in outpatient and integrated health care...
October 18, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Sairam Parthasarathy, Mary A Carskadon, Girardin Jean-Louis, Judith Owens, Adam Bramoweth, Daniel Combs, Lauren Hale, Elizabeth Harrison, Chantelle N Hart, Brant P Hasler, Sarah M Honaker, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Samuel Kuna, Clete Kushida, Jessica C Levenson, Caitlin Murray, Allan I Pack, Vivek Pillai, Kristi Pruiksma, Azizi Seixas, Patrick Strollo, Saurabh S Thosar, Natasha Williams, Daniel Buysse
A wealth of scientific knowledge is being generated in sleep and circadian science. In order for us to realize the return on investment for such scientific knowledge and to improve the health of the nation, we need to disseminate and implement research findings into practice. An implementation gap - termed a "quality chasm" by the Institutes of Medicine - separates the scientific knowledge we possess and the implementation of such knowledge into preventative interventions or healthcare treatments. It is frequently reported that a time lag of 17 years transpires before medical research reaches clinical practice...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
Douglas A Luke, Ana A Baumann, Bobbi J Carothers, John Landsverk, Enola K Proctor
BACKGROUND: Training investigators for the rapidly developing field of implementation science requires both mentoring and scientific collaboration. Using social network descriptive analyses, visualization, and modeling, this paper presents results of an evaluation of the mentoring and collaborations fostered over time through the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) supported by Implementation Research Institute (IRI). METHODS: Data were comprised of IRI participant self-reported collaborations and mentoring relationships, measured in three annual surveys from 2012 to 2014...
October 13, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
Mary E Northridge, Sara S Metcalf
BACKGROUND: Implementation science holds promise for better ensuring that research is translated into evidence-based policy and practice, but interventions often fail or even worsen the problems they are intended to solve due to a lack of understanding of real world structures and dynamic complexity. While systems science alone cannot possibly solve the major challenges in public health, systems-based approaches may contribute to changing the language and methods for conceptualising and acting within complex systems...
October 4, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
Sergio Latorre-Arteaga, Diana Gil-González, Covadonga Bascarán, Richard Hurtado Núñez, María Del Carmen Peral Morales, Guillermo Carrillo Orihuela
OBJECTIVE: To describe the adaptation and scaling-up of an intervention to improve the visual health of children in the Apurimac region, Peru. METHODS: In a pilot screening programme in 2009-2010, 26 schoolteachers were trained to detect and refer visual acuity problems in schoolchildren in one district in Apurimac. To scale-up the intervention, lessons learnt from the pilot were used to design strategies for: (i) strengthening multisector partnerships; (ii) promoting the engagement and participation of teachers and (iii) increasing children's attendance at referral eye clinics...
September 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Mathew C Withers, Jamila E Reynolds, Kayla Reed, Kendal Holtrop
Despite the considerable resources allocated to research to promote public health, interventions capable of benefiting individuals and families are not finding their way into regular practice. An important avenue for addressing this problem is through dissemination and implementation (D&I) science, a burgeoning research area focusing on translating empirical knowledge into everyday practice. This article begins by suggesting ways in which MFTs are uniquely equipped to contribute to and benefit from D&I research...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Lisa Henriksen, Kurt M Ribisl, Todd Rogers, Sarah Moreland-Russell, Dianne M Barker, Nikie Sarris Esquivel, Brett Loomis, Erin Crew, Todd Combs
OBJECTIVE: The Standardized Tobacco Assessment for Retail Settings (STARS) was designed to characterise the availability, placement, promotion and price of tobacco products, with items chosen for relevance to regulating the retail tobacco environment. This study describes the process to develop the STARS instrument and protocol employed by a collaboration of US government agencies, US state tobacco control programmes (TCPs), advocacy organisations, public health attorneys and researchers from the National Cancer Institute's State and Community Tobacco Control (SCTC) Research Initiative...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
Sophia Taylor, Weyinmi Demeyin, Ann Muls, Catherine Ferguson, Damian J J Farnell, David Cohen, Jervoise Andreyev, John Green, Lesley Smith, Sam Ahmedzai, Sara Pickett, Annmarie Nelson, John Staffurth
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy treatment for prostate cancer can cause bowel problems, which may lead to severe difficulties for cancer survivors including limiting travel, work or socialising. These symptoms can appear at any time following radiotherapy. This study focuses on the early identification and protocol-based management of effects known to cause long-term, or even permanent, changes to the well-being of prostate cancer survivors. The rationale of this study is to improve the care offered to men and their families following pelvic radiotherapy for prostate cancer...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
Laura J Damschroder, Caitlin M Reardon, Nina Sperber, Claire H Robinson, Jacqueline J Fickel, Eugene Z Oddone
The Telephone Lifestyle Coaching (TLC) program provided telephone-based coaching for six lifestyle behaviors to 5321 Veterans at 24 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical facilities. The purpose of the study was to conduct an evaluation of the TLC program to identify factors associated with successful implementation. A mixed-methods study design was used. Quantitative measures of organizational readiness for implementation and facility complexity were used to purposively select a subset of facilities for in-depth evaluation...
September 29, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Wei Chen, Yang Li, Haiqin Yang, John Ehiri, Zaiping Chen, Ying Liu, Mei Wang, Shili Liu, He Tang, Ying Li
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about tuberculosis (TB) is important for TB control, and China's national TB control guidelines emphasise TB health promotion. A 2010 national TB epidemiology survey showed that the general public had limited knowledge and awareness of TB. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of TB knowledge after 5 years of TB health promotion in Guizhou Province, one of the regions with the highest TB burden in China. DESIGN AND SETTING: A community-based, cross-sectional survey of 10 237 residents of Guizhou Province from June to August 2015...
2016: BMJ Open
C Cvitanovic, J McDonald, A J Hobday
Effective conservation requires knowledge exchange among scientists and decision-makers to enable learning and support evidence-based decision-making. Efforts to improve knowledge exchange have been hindered by a paucity of empirically-grounded guidance to help scientists and practitioners design and implement research programs that actively facilitate knowledge exchange. To address this, we evaluated the Ningaloo Research Program (NRP), which was designed to generate new scientific knowledge to support evidence-based decisions about the management of the Ningaloo Marine Park in north-western Australia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Shuting Liang, Michelle C Kegler, Megan Cotter, Emily Phillips, Derrick Beasley, April Hermstad, Rentonia Morton, Jeremy Martinez, Kara Riehman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Aaron R Lyon, Cara C Lewis, Abigail Melvin, Meredith Boyd, Semret Nicodimos, Freda F Liu, Nathaniel Jungbluth
BACKGROUND: Health information technologies (HIT) have become nearly ubiquitous in the contemporary healthcare landscape, but information about HIT development, functionality, and implementation readiness is frequently siloed. Theory-driven methods of compiling, evaluating, and integrating information from the academic and commercial sectors are necessary to guide stakeholder decision-making surrounding HIT adoption and to develop pragmatic HIT research agendas. This article presents the Health Information Technologies-Academic and Commercial Evaluation (HIT-ACE) methodology, a structured, theory-driven method for compiling and evaluating information from multiple sectors...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Arnela Suman, Marije F Dikkers, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Maurits W van Tulder, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: For the optimal use of clinical guidelines in daily practice, mere distribution of guidelines and materials is not enough, and active implementation is needed. This review investigated the effectiveness of multifaceted implementation strategies compared to minimal, single, or no implementation strategy for the implementation of non-specific low back and/or neck pain guidelines in health care. METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched from inception to June 1, 2015: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycInfo, the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Ann Scheck McAlearney, Daniel M Walker, Jennifer Livaudais-Toman, Michael Parides, Nina A Bickell
OBJECTIVES: Implementation of interventions designed to improve the quality of medical care often proceeds differently from what is planned. Improving existing conceptual models to better understand the sources of these differences can help future projects avoid these pitfalls and achieve desired effectiveness. To inform an adaptation of an existing theoretical model, we examined unanticipated changes that occurred in an intervention designed to improve reporting of adjuvant therapies for breast cancer patients at a large, urban academic medical center...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
Archana Sarkar, Gitau Mburu, Poonam Varma Shivkumar, Pankhuri Sharma, Fiona Campbell, Jagannath Behera, Ritu Dargan, Surendra Kumar Mishra, Sunil Mehra
INTRODUCTION: HIV self-testing can increase coverage of essential HIV services. This study aimed to establish the acceptability, concordance and feasibility of supervised HIV self-testing among pregnant women in rural India. METHODS: A cross-sectional, mixed methods study was conducted among 202 consenting pregnant women in a rural Indian hospital between August 2014 and January 2015. Participants were provided with instructions on how to self-test using OraQuick(®) HIV antibody test, and subsequently asked to self-test under supervision of a community health worker...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Felicity Goodyear-Smith
Moving from evidence-based medicine through knowledge translation into evidence-based practice presents many challenges. Implementation research requires collaboration of researchers and end users to adapt interventions in response to different contexts. Such research progresses iteratively in response to feedback, reflection and then action, using theory of change and interactive response to diversity. The proliferation of terminology used to describe this research genre requires development of a robust taxonomy to categorize overlapping concepts where engagement of end users in the research process is core...
September 14, 2016: Family Practice
Rowena Dolor, Lyle J Fagnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"