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"Implementation research"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302182/qualitative-assessment-of-women-s-satisfaction-with-maternal-health-care-in-referral-hospitals-in-nigeria
#1
Friday Okonofua, Rosemary Ogu, Kingsley Agholor, Ola Okike, Rukiyat Abdus-Salam, Mohammed Gana, Abdullahi Randawa, Eghe Abe, Adetoye Durodola, Hadiza Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Available evidence suggests that the low use of antenatal, delivery, and post-natal services by Nigerian women may be due to their perceptions of low quality of care in health facilities. This study investigated the perceptions of women regarding their satisfaction with the maternity services offered in secondary and tertiary hospitals in Nigeria. METHODS: Five focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with women in eight secondary and tertiary hospitals in four of the six geo-political zones of the country...
March 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298243/the-gender-gap-in-relation-to-happiness-and-preferences-in-married-couples-after-childbirth-evidence-from-a-field-experiment-in-rural-ghana
#2
Yusuke Kamiya, Bright Akpalu, Emmanuel Mahama, Emmanuel Kwesi Ayipah, Seth Owusu-Agyei, Abraham Hodgson, Akira Shibanuma, Kimiyo Kikuchi, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: How does the gap in preferences between married couples affect their happiness after childbirth? Are couples that share similar preferences happier? In recent years, gender, marriage, and happiness have been considered to be key issues in public health research. Although much research has examined the happiness status of married couples, practically no study has explored the gender gap in relation to happiness and the preferences of married couples after childbirth. Therefore, our study was conducted to assess the association between the preference gap and the happiness status among married couples in the afterbirth period...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293621/development-of-the-physical-activity-and-your-nutrition-for-cancer-pync-smartphone-app-for-preventing-breast-cancer-in-women
#3
Steven S Coughlin, Gina M Besenyi, Deborah Bowen, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. Based upon attributable risks, about 30-35% of breast cancers could potentially be prevented by addressing obesity, physical inactivity, increased alcohol consumption, and carcinogenic exposures such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). We need methods of reducing women's risks of this disease that are attractive and easy to use, widely accessible to diverse women, and able to be easily amended to account for new research...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286404/applications-of-optical-neuroimaging-in-usability-research
#4
Audrey P Hill, Corey J Bohil
In this article we review recent and potential applications of optical neuroimaging to human factors and usability research. We focus specifically on functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) because of its cost-effectiveness and ease of implementation. Researchers have used fNIRS to assess a range of psychological phenomena relevant to human factors, such as cognitive workload, attention, motor activity, and more. It offers the opportunity to measure hemodynamic correlates of mental activity during task completion in human factors and usability studies...
April 2016: Ergonomics in Design: the Magazine of Human Factors Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282650/benefits-and-potential-harms-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-an-implementation-perspective
#5
Yilu Qin, Weiming Tang, Amy Nowacki, Katie Mollan, Sarah A Reifeis, Michael G Hudgens, Ngai-Sze Wong, Haochu Li, Joseph D Tucker, Chongyi Wei
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus self-testing (HIVST) holds great promise for reaching high-risk key populations who do not access facility-based services. We sought to characterize unsupervised HIVST implementation among men who have sex with men in China. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide online survey in China. Eligible men were at least 16 years, had anal sex with a man, and had recent condomless sex. We assessed benefits (first-time testing, increased testing frequency, confirmatory testing) and potential harms (coercion, violence, suicidality) of HIVST...
April 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280062/enhancing-implementation-research-within-canada-s-investments-in-the-health-of-women-and-children-globally
#6
Renee Sharma, Helen Scott, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273407/use-of-the-parihs-framework-for-retrospective-and-prospective-implementation-evaluations
#7
Jennifer N Hill, Marylou Guihan, Timothy P Hogan, Bridget M Smith, Sherri L LaVela, Frances M Weaver, Henry D Anaya, Charlesnika T Evans
BACKGROUND: The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services (PARIHS) framework has been used by implementation researchers to assess factors impacting implementation and to use that information to identify optimal interventions and implementation strategies. In this paper, two studies are presented demonstrating the utility of PARIHS as a tool for retrospective and prospective evaluation of implementation in the health care setting. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive case study...
March 8, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262600/implementation-research-on-hiv-adherence-interventions-no-time-to-wait
#8
Jane M Simoni, Frances M Aunon, Christopher G Kemp, Bryan A Kutner, Megan K Ramaiya, Jennifer Velloza, Joyce P Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260405/using-and-choosing-digital-health-technologies-a-communications-science-perspective
#9
John Ovretveit, Albert Wu, Richard Street, Harold Thimbleby, Friederike Thilo, Annegret Hannawa
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore a non-technical overview for leaders and researchers about how to use a communications perspective to better assess, design and use digital health technologies (DHTs) to improve healthcare performance and to encourage more research into implementation and use of these technologies. Design/methodology/approach Narrative overview, showing through examples the issues and benefits of introducing DHTs for healthcare performance and the insights that communications science brings to their design and use...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250511/implementation-research-on-community-health-workers-provision-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-rural-liberia
#10
Peter W Luckow, Avi Kenny, Emily White, Madeleine Ballard, Lorenzo Dorr, Kirby Erlandson, Benjamin Grant, Alice Johnson, Breanna Lorenzen, Subarna Mukherjee, E John Ly, Abigail McDaniel, Netus Nowine, Vidiya Sathananthan, Gerald A Sechler, John D Kraemer, Mark J Siedner, Rajesh Panjabi
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the use of essential maternal and child health services in Konobo, Liberia, after implementation of an enhanced community health worker (CHW) programme. METHODS: The Liberian Ministry of Health partnered with Last Mile Health, a nongovernmental organization, to implement a pilot CHW programme with enhanced recruitment, training, supervision and compensation. To assess changes in maternal and child health-care use, we conducted repeated cross-sectional cluster surveys before (2012) and after (2015) programme implementation...
February 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250510/implementation-research-towards-universal-health-coverage-with-more-doctors-in-brazil
#11
Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos, Aimê Oliveira, Josélia Souza Trindade, Ivana Chc Barreto, Poliana Araújo Palmeira, Yamila Comes, Felipe Os Santos, Wallace Santos, João Paulo Alves Oliveira, Vanira Matos Pessoa, Helena Eri Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of a programme to provide primary care physicians for remote and deprived populations in Brazil. METHODS: The Mais Médicos (More Doctors) programme was launched in July 2013 with public calls to recruit physicians for priority areas. Other strategies were to increase primary care infrastructure investments and to provide more places at medical schools. We conducted a quasi-experimental, before-and-after evaluation of the implementation of the programme in 1708 municipalities with populations living in extreme poverty and in remote border areas...
February 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249603/the-importance-of-professional-values-from-clinical-nurses-perspective-in-hospitals-of-a-medical-university-in-iran
#12
Batool Poorchangizi, Jamileh Farokhzadian, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Moghaddameh Mirzaee, Fariba Borhani
BACKGROUND: Today, nurses are required to have knowledge and awareness concerning professional values as standards to provide safe and high-quality ethical care. Nurses' perspective on professional values affects decision-making and patient care. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the importance of professional values from clinical nurses' perspective. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 in four educational hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran...
March 1, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245813/practice-change-in-chronic-conditions-care-an-appraisal-of-theories
#13
Melanie Harris, Sharon J Lawn, Andrea Morello, Malcolm W Battersby, Julie Ratcliffe, R Doug McEvoy, Jennifer J Tieman
BACKGROUND: Management of chronic conditions can be complex and burdensome for patients and complex and costly for health systems. Outcomes could be improved and costs reduced if proven clinical interventions were better implemented, but the complexity of chronic care services appears to make clinical change particularly challenging. Explicit use of theories may improve the success of clinical change in this area of care provision. Whilst theories to support implementation of practice change are apparent in the broad healthcare arena, the most applicable theories for the complexities of practice change in chronic care have not yet been identified...
February 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241770/application-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-assess-factors-that-may-influence-implementation-of-tobacco-use-treatment-guidelines-in-the-viet-nam-public-health-care-delivery-system
#14
Nancy VanDevanter, Pritika Kumar, Nam Nguyen, Linh Nguyen, Trang Nguyen, Frances Stillman, Bryan Weiner, Donna Shelley
BACKGROUND: Services to treat tobacco dependence are not readily available to smokers in low-middle income countries (LMICs) where smoking prevalence remains high. We are conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of two strategies for implementing tobacco use treatment guidelines in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam. Guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), prior to implementing the trial, we conducted formative research to (1) identify factors that may influence guideline implementation and (2) inform further modifications to the intervention that may be necessary to translate a model of care delivery from a high-income country (HIC) to the local context of a LMIC...
February 28, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239008/health-ministry-and-activities-in-african-american-faith-based-organizations-a-qualitative-examination-of-facilitators-barriers-and-use-of-technology
#15
Cheryl L Holt, Anita L Graham-Phillips, C Daniel Mullins, Jimmie L Slade, Alma Savoy, Roxanne Carter
African American faith-based organizations (FBOs) play an important role in addressing health disparities. Increasingly, churches offer health fairs, screenings, or education through health ministries. However, little is known about linking these organizations with evidence-based interventions (EBIs) developed by research. This study explored 1) factors that facilitate or impede health ministry activities, including the adoption of EBIs, and 2) opportunities to use technology to support/enhance the capacity of FBOs to sustain health-related activities...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215389/dissemination-and-implementation-science-training-needs-insights-from-practitioners-and-researchers
#16
Rachel G Tabak, Margaret M Padek, Jon F Kerner, Kurt C Stange, Enola K Proctor, Maureen J Dobbins, Graham A Colditz, David A Chambers, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination and implementation research training has great potential to improve the impact and reach of health-related research; however, research training needs from the end user perspective are unknown. This paper identifies and prioritizes dissemination and implementation research training needs. METHODS: A diverse sample of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers was invited to participate in Concept Mapping in 2014-2015. Phase 1 (Brainstorming) gathered participants' responses to the prompt: To improve the impact of research evidence in practice and policy settings, a skill in which researchers need more training is… The resulting statement list was edited and included subsequent phases...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215373/prevention-research-center-collaborations-with-state-departments-of-health-washington-state
#17
EDITORIAL
Peggy A Hannon, Thuy T Vu, Patricia Migliore Santiago, Pama Joyner, Caitlin Mason, Jeffrey R Harris
State health departments and Prevention Research Centers (PRCs) have complementary mandates and expertise important to improving population health. State health departments manage and administer numerous programs with broad population reach. PRCs bridge dissemination and implementation research and public health practice to improve health programming and outcomes. This paper describes the 15-year partnership between the Washington State Department of Health and the PRC at the University of Washington. Through this partnership, the Washington State Department of Health increases their research and evaluation capacity by working with the University of Washington PRC, and the University of Washington PRC receives opportunities to apply evidence in a variety of practice settings, expand the reach of their research-tested programs to new populations, and form new partnerships...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212606/the-implementation-of-health-promotion-in-primary-and-community-care-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-prescribe-vida-saludable-strategy
#18
Catalina Martinez, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Josep M Cortada, Gonzalo Grandes, Alvaro Sanchez, Haizea Pombo, Paola Bully
BACKGROUND: The impact of lifestyle on health is undeniable and effective healthy lifestyle promotion interventions do exist. However, this is not a fundamental part of routine primary care clinical practice. We describe factors that determine changes in performance of primary health care centers involved in piloting the health promotion innovation 'Prescribe Vida Saludable' (PVS) phase II. METHODS: We engaged four primary health care centers of the Basque Healthcare Service in an action research project aimed at changing preventive health practices...
February 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197420/the-challenges-of-electronic-health-records-and-diabetes-electronic-prescribing-implications-for-safety-net-care-for-diverse-populations
#19
REVIEW
Neda Ratanawongsa, Lenny L S Chan, Michelle M Fouts, Elizabeth J Murphy
Widespread electronic health record (EHR) implementation creates new challenges in the diabetes care of complex and diverse populations, including safe medication prescribing for patients with limited health literacy and limited English proficiency. This review highlights how the EHR electronic prescribing transformation has affected diabetes care for vulnerable patients and offers recommendations for improving patient safety through EHR electronic prescribing design, implementation, policy, and research. Specifically, we present evidence for (1) the adoption of RxNorm; (2) standardized naming and picklist options for high alert medications such as insulin; (3) the widespread implementation of universal medication schedule and language-concordant labels, with the expansion of electronic prescription 140-character limit; (4) enhanced bidirectional communication with pharmacy partners; and (5) informatics and implementation research in safety net healthcare systems to examine how EHR tools and practices affect diverse vulnerable populations...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187747/using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-cfir-to-produce-actionable-findings-a-rapid-cycle-evaluation-approach-to-improving-implementation
#20
Rosalind E Keith, Jesse C Crosson, Ann S O'Malley, DeAnn Cromp, Erin Fries Taylor
BACKGROUND: Much research does not address the practical needs of stakeholders responsible for introducing health care delivery interventions into organizations working to achieve better outcomes. In this article, we present an approach to using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to guide systematic research that supports rapid-cycle evaluation of the implementation of health care delivery interventions and produces actionable evaluation findings intended to improve implementation in a timely manner...
February 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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