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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650105/psychological-symptoms-in-late-adolescence-and-long-term-risk-of-suicide-and-suicide-attempt
#1
Carl Hogstedt, Yvonne Forsell, Tomas Hemmingsson, Ingvar Lundberg, Andreas Lundin
Mental disorders in the general population are associated with increased risk of suicidality, but less is known about the independent predictive ability of self-reported psychological symptoms. We followed 49,321 screened and interviewed Swedish conscripts through 36-year follow-up to test whether psychological symptoms predicted suicide and hospitalization for suicide attempts. There were 619 suicides and 1,230 suicide attempts during the follow-up period. After excluding subjects with any psychiatric diagnoses (n = 5,691, 12%) and controlling for other psychological symptoms, severe symptoms of anger, trouble falling asleep, and feeling down predicted suicide...
June 26, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649309/respiratory-symptoms-among-swedish-soldiers-after-military-service-abroad-association-with-time-spent-in-a-desert-environment
#2
Johannes Saers, Linda Ekerljung, Bertil Forsberg, Christer Janson
Introduction: The aim of this paper was to study whether Swedish soldiers who have served abroad had a higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms than the general population and, if this was the case, also to study whether this was associated with time spent in a desert environment. Methods:The prevalence of respiratory symptoms among 1,080 veterans from Kosovo and Afghanistan was compared with that in almost 27,000 subjects from a general population sample, using propensity score matching and logistic regression...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648757/prolonged-icu-length-of-stay-after-aaa-repair-analysis-of-time-trends-and-long-term-outcome
#3
H Gavali, K Mani, G Tegler, R Kawati, L Covaciu, A Wanhainen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency and outcome of prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the endovascular era. METHODS: All patients operated on for AAA between 1999 and 2013 at Uppsala University hospital were identified. Data were retrieved from the Swedish Vascular registry, the Swedish Intensive Care registry, the National Population registry, and case records. Prolonged ICU LOS was defined as ≥ 48 h during the primary hospital stay...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647335/incidence-and-duration-of-increased-somatic-cell-count-in-swedish-dairy-cows-and-associations-with-milking-system-type
#4
J Frössling, A Ohlson, C Hallén-Sandgren
Mastitis is one of the most costly diseases in dairy cows worldwide. Increased somatic cell count (SCC) is an indication of mastitis, often subclinical, which implies bacterial infection without clinical signs of inflammation. The aim was to investigate the occurrence of elevated udder SCC (defined as ≥200,000 cells/mL) over the lactation period, and before and after the dry period, for cows of different parity. The aim was also to analyze the association between prevalence and incidence of increased udder SCC and information on cow and herd level, such as breed and milking system type...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646775/consequences-of-intensive-forest-harvesting-on-the-recovery-of-swedish-lakes-from-acidification-and-on-critical-load-exceedances
#5
Filip Moldan, Johanna Stadmark, Jens Fölster, Sara Jutterström, Martyn N Futter, Bernard J Cosby, Richard F Wright
Across much of the northern hemisphere, lakes are at risk of re-acidification due to incomplete recovery from historical acidification and pressures associated with more intensive forest biomass harvesting. Critical load (CL) calculations aimed at estimating the amount of pollutants an ecosystem can receive without suffering adverse consequences are dependent on these factors. Here, we present a modelling study of the potential effects of intensified forest harvesting on re-acidification of a set of 3239 Swedish lakes based on scenarios with varying intensities of forest biomass harvest and acid deposition...
June 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646360/does-the-risk-of-rerevision-vary-between-porous-tantalum-cups-and-other-cementless-designs-after-revision-hip-arthroplasty
#6
Inari Laaksonen, Michelle Lorimer, Kirill Gromov, Ola Rolfson, Keijo T Mäkelä, Stephen E Graves, Henrik Malchau, Maziar Mohaddes
BACKGROUND: Earlier results with porous tantalum acetabular cups in revision THA generally have been favorable. Recently there has been some evidence presented that porous tantalum cups might decrease the risk of rerevision in the setting of revision hip surgery performed owing to prosthetic joint infection (PJI). As the data supporting this assertion come from a study with a limited study population, examining this issue with a large registry approach may be enlightening. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: By combining results from two large, national registries, we asked: (1) Do porous tantalum cups show improved survival after revision THA compared with other cementless designs? (2) Does the use of porous tantalum cups influence survivorship when rerevision for PJI is the endpoint? METHODS: A total of 2442 first-time THA revisions with porous tantalum cups and 4401 first-time revisions with other uncemented cups were included in this collaborative study between the Australian and Swedish national joint registries...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645792/vaginal-salpingectomy-techniques-in-the-presence-of-ovarian-conservation
#7
Jeffrey L Cornella
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate vaginal salpingectomy techniques in the presence of ovarian conservation. DESIGN: Technical video demonstrating two methods of Fallopian tube removal with illustrations. Two vaginal operations with bilateral salpingectomy are shown to increase clarity and understanding of the method. SETTING: The prevalence of salpingectomy at the time of hysterectomy has increased significantly since 1998.(1) One of the reasons for the increased rate of salpingectomy is the relationship of serous ovarian carcinomas to Fimbrial serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645241/long-term-outcome-after-right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery-conduit-surgery-and-reintervention
#8
Kristofer Skoglund, Gunnar Svensson, Ulf Thilén, Mikael Dellborg, Peter Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract with a conduit is an established surgical procedure in congenital heart disease and reinterventions are common. OBJECTIVE: An increasing number of patients have a conduit, but there are few population-based studies of long-term outcomes after conduit surgery, reoperations, and transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement. METHODS: In April 2015, all adult patients with a conduit were identified in the Swedish National Registry for Congenital Heart Disease (SWEDCON)...
June 23, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645024/prevalence-of-depression-comparisons-of-different-depression-definitions-in-population-based-samples-of-older-adults
#9
Linnea Sjöberg, Björn Karlsson, Anna-Rita Atti, Ingmar Skoog, Laura Fratiglioni, Hui-Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression prevalence in older adults varies largely across studies, which probably reflects methodological rather than true differences. This study aims to explore whether and to what extent the prevalence of depression varies when using different diagnostic criteria and rating scales, and various samples of older adults. METHODS: A population-based sample of 3353 individuals aged 60-104 years from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) were examined in 2001-2004...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642374/behavioral-patterns-in-adolescents-born-at-23-to-25-weeks-of-gestation
#10
Maria Samuelsson, Antti Holsti, Marie Adamsson, Fredrik Serenius, Bruno Hägglöf, Aijaz Farooqi
BACKGROUND: This study examined mental health outcomes in extremely preterm children (EPT) born at 23 to 25 weeks of gestation between 1992 and 1998 at 2 Swedish tertiary care centers that offered regional and active perinatal care to all live-born EPT infants. METHODS: We assessed 132 (98%) of the 134 EPT survivors at 10 to 15 years of age alongside term-born controls. Behavioral and emotional problems were evaluated by using Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist and Teacher Report Form and Conners' Parent and Teacher scales for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder...
June 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638965/internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-in-childhood-and-adolescence-as-predictors-of-work-incapacity-in-young-adulthood
#11
Jurgita Narusyte, Annina Ropponen, Kristina Alexanderson, Pia Svedberg
BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the association between youth mental health problems and work incapacity in adulthood. We investigated whether internalizing (depressive, anxious, somatic complaints) and externalizing (aggressive, rule-breaking) behavior problems in childhood and adolescence were associated with sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP) in young adulthood. METHODS: Data were used from the population-based and prospective Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) which includes all Swedish twins born in 1985-1986 (N = 2570)...
June 21, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635084/primary-tumor-sites-in-relation-to-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-and-skin-visibility-correlate-with-survival-in-cutaneous-melanoma
#12
Daniela Gordon, Johan Hansson, Sandra Eloranta, Max Gordon, Peter Gillgren, Karin E Smedby
The prognostic value of detailed anatomic site and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure patterns has not been fully determined in cutaneous melanoma. Thus, we reviewed medical records for detailed site in a population-based retrospective Swedish patient cohort diagnosed with primary invasive melanoma 1976 - 2003 (n=5,973). We followed the patients from date of diagnosis until death, emigration or December 31(st) 2013, and evaluated melanoma-specific survival by subsite in a multivariable regression model adjusting for established prognostic factors...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634841/patient-related-risk-factors-for-postoperative-infection-after-cholecystectomy
#13
Gona Jaafar, Folke Hammarqvist, Lars Enochsson, Gabriel Sandblom
BACKGROUND: The impact of patient-related risk factors on the incidence of postoperative infection after cholecystectomy is relatively unknown. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore potential patient-related risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) and septicaemia following cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All cholecystectomies registered in the Swedish national population-based register for Gallstone Surgery and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (GallRiks) 2006-2014 were identified...
June 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633303/cognitive-trajectories-in-prediabetes-and-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Anna Marseglia, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Laura Fratiglioni, Giola Santoni, Nancy L Pedersen, Weili Xu
Background: Diabetes has been linked to dementia risk; however, the cognitive trajectories in older adults with diabetes remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the effect of prediabetes and diabetes on cognitive trajectories among cognitively intact older adults in a long-term follow-up study. Methods: Within the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging, 793 cognitively intact older adults aged ≥50 were identified at baseline and followed for up to 23 years. Based on standardized scores from 11 cognitive tests, administered at baseline and up to seven follow-ups, four cognitive domains (verbal abilities, spatial/fluid, memory, perceptual speed) were identified by principal-component analysis...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632892/maternal-overweight-and-obesity-and-genital-anomalies-in-male-offspring-a-population-based-swedish-cohort-study
#15
Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Morten Søndergaard Lindhard, Tine Brink Henriksen, Jørn Olsen, Yongfu Yu, Sven Cnattingius
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese pregnant women face higher risk of several critical birth outcomes, including an overall increased risk of congenital abnormalities. Only few studies have focused on associations between maternal overweight and the genital anomalies in boys, cryptorchidism and hypospadias, and results are inconclusive. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study and assessed the associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and occurrence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias...
June 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632072/maternal-obesity-obstetric-interventions-and-post-partum-anaemia-increase-the-risk-of-post-partum-sepsis-a-population-based-cohort-study-based-on-swedish-medical-health-registers
#16
Daniel Axelsson, Marie Blomberg
BACKGROUND: The objective was to estimate whether maternal obesity and/or obstetric interventions are associated with diagnosed maternal post-partum sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study including all deliveries in Sweden between 1997 and 2012 (N = 1,558,752). Cases of sepsis (n = 376) were identified by International Classification of Diseases, (ICD-10) codes A40, A41 and O 85 in the Medical Birth Register and the National Patient Register...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631533/u-can-a-prospective-longitudinal-collection-of-biomaterials-and-clinical-information-from-adult-cancer-patients-in-sweden
#17
Bengt Glimelius, Beatrice Melin, Gunilla Enblad, Irina Alafuzoff, Anna Beskow, Håkan Ahlström, Anna Bill-Axelson, Helgi Birgisson, Ove Björ, Per-Henrik Edqvist, Tony Hansson, Thomas Helleday, Per Hellman, Kerstin Henriksson, Göran Hesselager, Magnus Hultdin, Michael Häggman, Martin Höglund, Håkan Jonsson, Chatarina Larsson, Henrik Lindman, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Stephanie Mindus, Peter Nygren, Fredrik Pontén, Katrine Riklund, Richard Rosenquist, Fredrik Sandin, Jochen M Schwenk, Roger Stenling, Karin Stålberg, Peter Stålberg, Christer Sundström, Camilla Thellenberg Karlsson, Bengt Westermark, Anders Bergh, Lena Claesson-Welsh, Richard Palmqvist, Tobias Sjöblom
BACKGROUND: Progress in cancer biomarker discovery is dependent on access to high-quality biological materials and high-resolution clinical data from the same cases. To overcome current limitations, a systematic prospective longitudinal sampling of multidisciplinary clinical data, blood and tissue from cancer patients was therefore initiated in 2010 by Uppsala and Umeå Universities and involving their corresponding University Hospitals, which are referral centers for one third of the Swedish population...
June 20, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630290/childhood-social-class-and-cognitive-aging-in-the-swedish-adoption-twin-study-of-aging
#18
Malin Ericsson, Cecilia Lundholm, Stefan Fors, Anna K Dahl Aslan, Catalina Zavala, Chandra A Reynolds, Nancy L Pedersen
In this report we analyzed genetically informative data to investigate within-person change and between-person differences in late-life cognitive abilities as a function of childhood social class. We used data from nine testing occasions spanning 28 y in the Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging and parental social class based on the Swedish socioeconomic index. Cognitive ability included a general factor and the four domains of verbal, fluid, memory, and perceptual speed. Latent growth curve models of the longitudinal data tested whether level and change in cognitive performance differed as a function of childhood social class...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625193/place-based-social-contact-and-mixing-a-typology-of-generic-meeting-places-of-relevance-for-infectious-disease-transmission
#19
M Strömgren, E Holm, Ö Dahlström, J Ekberg, H Eriksson, A Spreco, T Timpka
This study aims to develop a typology of generic meeting places based on social contact and mixing of relevance for infectious disease transmission. Data were collected by means of a contact diary survey conducted on a representative sample of the Swedish population. The typology is derived from a cluster analysis accounting for four dimensions associated with transmission risk: visit propensity and its characteristics in terms of duration, number of other persons present and likelihood of physical contact...
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623800/inpatient-geriatric-care-in-sweden-important-factors-from-an-inter-disciplinary-team-perspective
#20
Anna Cristina Åberg, Anna Ehrenberg
The purpose of this study was to describe factors of importance for the quality of inpatient geriatric care from an inter-disciplinary team perspective, an area that has not been previously studied to our knowledge. The study design was qualitative descriptive with data being collected from focus-group interviews with members of geriatric care teams. The data collection was conducted at a Swedish university hospital with 69 beds for geriatric care. It comprised five group interviews with a total of 32 staff members, including representatives of all the seven professions working with geriatric care...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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