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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535169/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-pain-and-injurious-falls-in-older-adults-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#1
Anna-Karin Welmer, Debora Rizzuto, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Kristina Johnell
We investigated whether there are sex differences in the association between pain and incident injurious falls. A total of 2934 people (≥60 years) from the population-based Swedish National study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen (2001-2004) participated. Participants were followed up for 3 and 10 years for falls leading to hospitalization or outpatient care. Data were analyzed with flexible parametric survival models adjusted for potential confounders. During 3 years of follow-up, 67 men and 194 women experienced an injurious fall, and over 10 years of follow up, 203 men and 548 women experienced such a fall...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527093/income-disparities-in-healthcare-use-remain-after-controlling-for-healthcare-need-evidence-from-swedish-register-data-on-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#2
Sofia Löfvendahl, Anna Jöud, Ingemar F Petersson, Elke Theander, Åke Svensson, Katarina Steen Carlsson
We used a southern Swedish cohort of psoriasis (PSO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients and population-based referents (N = 57,800) to investigate the influence of socioeconomic and demographic factors on the probability of healthcare use and on healthcare costs when controlling for need as measured by PSO/PsA and common additional morbidities such as diabetes, depression and myocardial infarction. People with PSO/PsA were identified by ICD-10 codes in the Skåne Healthcare Register 1998-2007. Resource use and costs for years 2008-2011 were retrieved from the Skåne Healthcare Register and the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, and socioeconomic data were retrieved from Statistics Sweden...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524256/quantification-of-l-carvone-in-toothpastes-available-on-the-swedish-market
#3
Liv Kroona, Gunnar Warfvinge, Marléne Isaksson, Camilla Ahlgren, Jakob Dahlin, Östen Sörensen, Magnus Bruze
BACKGROUND: Toothpastes have widespread use in the population, and contain flavours used to give a pleasant and often minty aroma. Flavours are prevalent allergens in toothpastes, and adverse reactions often present as perioral dermatitis or stomatitis. l-Carvone, a mint flavour found in spearmint oil, is one of these allergens. There are few studies on contact allergy to l-carvone, and some of them have indicated a positive relationship with oral lichenoid lesions. OBJECTIVES: To qualitatively and quantitatively investigate the presence of l-carvone in commercially available toothpastes on the Swedish market...
May 19, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521824/are-ankylosing-spondylitis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-undifferentiated-spondyloarthritis-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-a-prospective-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Karin Bengtsson, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia, Elisabeth Lie, Eva Klingberg, Mats Dehlin, Sofia Exarchou, Ulf Lindström, Johan Askling, Lennart T H Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: To investigate the risk of first-time acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stroke and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis (uSpA), compared to each other and to the general population (GP). METHODS: This is a prospective nationwide cohort study. Cohorts with AS (n = 6448), PsA (n = 16,063) and uSpA (n = 5190) patients and a GP (n = 266,435) cohort, were identified 2001-2009 in the Swedish National Patient and Population registers...
May 18, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510641/community-level-football-injury-epidemiology-traumatic-injuries-treated-at-swedish-emergency-medical-facilities
#5
Toomas Timpka, Jan Schyllander, Diana Stark Ekman, Robert Ekman, Örjan Dahlström, Martin Hägglund, Karolina Kristenson, Jenny Jacobsson
Despite the popularity of the sport, few studies have investigated community-level football injury patterns. This study examines football injuries treated at emergency medical facilities using data from three Swedish counties. An open-cohort design was used based on residents aged 0-59 years in three Swedish counties (pop. 645 520). Data were collected from emergency medical facilities in the study counties between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. Injury frequencies and proportions for age groups stratified by sex were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and displayed per diagnostic group and body location...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510633/obesity-and-diabetes-as-risk-factors-for-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-results-from-a-swedish-nationwide-study
#6
Katja Wyss, Andreas Wångdahl, Maria Vesterlund, Ulf Hammar, Saduddin Dashti, Pontus Naucler, Anna Färnert
Background: Noncommunicable diseases and obesity are increasing in prevalence globally, also in populations at risk of malaria. We sought to investigate if comorbidity, in terms of chronic diseases and obesity, is associated with severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational study in adults (≥18 years) diagnosed with malaria in Sweden between January 1995 and May 2015. We identified cases through the surveillance database at the Public Health Agency of Sweden and reviewed clinical data from 18 hospitals...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505207/immuno-related-polymorphisms-and-cervical-cancer-risk-the-iarc-multicentric-case-control-study
#7
James McKay, Vanessa Tenet, Silvia Franceschi, Amélie Chabrier, Tarik Gheit, Valérie Gaborieau, Sandrine Chopin, Patrice H Avogbe, Massimo Tommasino, Michelle Ainouze, Uzma Hasan, Salvatore Vaccarella
A small proportion of women who are exposed to infection with human-papillomavirus (HPV) develop cervical cancer (CC). Genetic factors may affect the risk of progression from HPV infection to cervical precancer and cancer. We used samples from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) multicentric case-control study to evaluate the association of selected genetic variants with CC. Overall, 790 CC cases and 717 controls from Algeria, Morocco, India and Thailand were included. Cervical exfoliated cells were obtained from control women and cervical exfoliated cells or biopsy specimens from cases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504819/population-based-cohort-study-of-the-effect-of-endometrial-cancer-classification-and-treatment-criteria-on-long-term-survival
#8
Teresia Svanvik, Karin Sundfeldt, Ulf Strömberg, Erik Holmberg, Janusz Marcickiewicz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if increased individualization in endometrial cancer classification/treatment affected relative survival. METHODS: The present retrospective register-based population study included data from all women in the western Swedish healthcare region who were treated for endometrial cancer between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2011. Outcomes and prognostic data were retrieved from the western Swedish healthcare region's cancer and clinical endometrial cancer registries...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498626/risk-of-labor-dystocia-increases-with-maternal-age-irrespective-of-parity-a-population-based-register-study
#9
Ulla Waldenström, Cecilia Ekéus
Advanced maternal age is associated with labor dystocia (LD) in nulliparous women. This study investigates the age-related risk of LD in first, second and third births MATERIAL AND METHODS: All live singleton cephalic births at term (≥37 gestational weeks) recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register from1999 to 2011, except elective cesarean sections and fourth births and more, in total 998 675 pregnancies, were included in the study. LD was defined by ICD10 codes (O620, O621, O622, O629, O630, O631, and O639)...
May 12, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497407/tobacco-use-is-not-associated-with-groin-hernia-repair-a-population-based-study
#10
A Hemberg, H Holmberg, M Norberg, P Nordin
PURPOSE: The pathogenesis of groin hernia is not fully understood and some suggested risk factors are debatable. This population-based study evaluates the association between groin hernia repair and tobacco use. METHOD: An observational study based on register linkage between the Swedish Hernia Register and the Västerbotten Intervention Program (VIP). All primary groin hernia repairs performed from 2001 to 2013 in the county of Västerbotten, Sweden, were included...
May 11, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493350/reproductive-character-displacement-of-female-but-not-male-song-discrimination-in-an-avian-hybrid-zone
#11
David Wheatcroft, Anna Qvarnström
Divergence of male sexual signals and female preferences for those signals often maintains reproductive boundaries between closely related, co-occurring species. However, contrasting sources of selection, such as interspecific competition, can lead to weak divergence or even convergence of sexual signals in sympatry. When signals converge, assortative mating can be maintained if the mating preferences of females diverge in sympatry (reproductive character displacement; RCD), but there are few explicit examples...
May 11, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491117/herpes-virus-seroepidemiology-in-the-adult-swedish-population
#12
Jan Olsson, Eloise Kok, Rolf Adolfsson, Hugo Lövheim, Fredrik Elgh
BACKGROUND: Herpes viruses establish a life-long latency and can cause symptoms during both first-time infection and later reactivation. The aim of the present study was to describe the seroepidemiology of Herpes simplex type 1 (HSV1), Herpes simplex type 2 (HSV2), Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Varicella Zoster virus (VZV) and Human herpes virus type 6 (HHV6) in an adult Swedish population (35-95 years of age). METHODS: Presence of antibodies against the respective viruses in serum from individuals in the Betula study was determined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490831/parental-separation-and-school-performance-among-children-of-immigrant-mothers-in-sweden
#13
Jeylan Erman, Juho Härkönen
Immigration and family change are two demographic processes that have changed the face of European societies and are associated with inequalities in child outcomes. Yet there is little research outside the USA on whether the effects of family dynamics on children's life chances vary by immigrant background. We asked whether the effect of parental separation on educational achievement varies between immigrant backgrounds (ancestries) in Sweden. We used Swedish population register data on two birth cohorts (born in 1995 and 1996) of Swedish-born children and analyzed parental separation penalties on grade sums and non-passing grades (measured at ninth grade) across ten ancestry groups, defined by the mother's country of birth...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490522/lifestyle-and-risk-of-screening-detected-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-men
#14
Otto Stackelberg, Alicja Wolk, Ken Eliasson, Anders Hellberg, Adam Bersztel, Susanna C Larsson, Nicola Orsini, Anders Wanhainen, Martin Björck
BACKGROUND: Modifiable lifestyle-related factors associated with risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) are rarely investigated with a prospective design. We aimed to study possible associations among such factors and comorbidities with mean abdominal aortic diameter (AAD) and with risk of AAA among men screened for the disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Self-reported lifestyle-related exposures were assessed at baseline (January 1, 1998) among 14 249 men from the population-based Cohort of Swedish Men, screened for AAA between 65 and 75 years of age (mean 13 years after baseline)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488279/are-differences-in-population-prevalence-of-alcohol-s-harm-to-others-related-to-survey-administration-mode
#15
Erica Sundin, Jonas Landberg, Maria Rosaria Galanti, Robin Room, Mats Ramstedt
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study assessed the comparability of estimates of alcohol's harm to others across different administration modes in Swedish general population surveys. Harm was categorised as harm from strangers' drinking and harm from heavy drinkers known to the respondent. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three surveys were conducted in 2011/2012 (n = 6841), including identical questions. One was based on self-administered postal or Web questionnaires, and two were based on computer-assisted telephone interviews of which one included a more ambitious procedure in terms of for example monetary incentives to the respondents...
May 9, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486520/rapid-expansion-of-the-invasive-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-at-its-northern-distribution-limit-in-europe-naturally-dispersed-or-introduced
#16
Marc B Anglès d'Auriac, Eli Rinde, Pia Norling, Sylvie Lapègue, André Staalstrøm, Dag Ø Hjermann, Jens Thaulow
The Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, was introduced to Europe for aquaculture purposes, and has had a rapid and unforeseen northward expansion in northern Europe. The recent dramatic increase in number of C. gigas populations along the species' northern distribution limit has questioned the efficiency of Skagerrak as a dispersal barrier for transport and survival of larvae. We investigated the genetic connectivity and possible spreading patterns between Pacific oyster populations on the southern Norwegian coast (4 localities) and Swedish and Danish populations by means of DNA microsatellite analysis of adult oysters, and by simulating larvae drift...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485768/varannan-timme-f%C3%A3-r-en-svensk-ett-nytt-malignt-melanom-incidens-utfall-och-prevention
#17
Christian Ingvar, Hanna Eriksson
Every second hour there is a new melanoma diagnosed in Sweden The incidence of melanoma in Sweden is catching up on Australia and is now close to 40/100 000 inhabitants/year, an increase of more than 5 %/year during the last 10 years. Swedes love the sun and travel a lot to sunny places like Spain and Thailand. There is a clear socioeconomic trend: the better economy and education, the more you travel and the more melanoma you get. Sunbed use is a clear risk factor and is now prohibited for young people. The proportion of thin melanomas (4 mm)...
May 9, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485010/the-addition-of-etoposide-to-chop-is-associated-with-improved-outcome-in-alk-adult-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-a-nordic-lymphoma-group-study
#18
Henrik Cederleuf, Martin Bjerregård Pedersen, Mats Jerkeman, Thomas Relander, Francesco d'Amore, Fredrik Ellin
Anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCLs) are rare CD30+ peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) classified according to the expression of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK+) protein or not (ALK-). We have analysed the outcome and risk factors for survival in a population-based bi-national cohort of patients with systemic ALK+ ALCL. A total of 122 adult (≥18 years) patients diagnosed with ALK+ ALCL between 2000 and 2010 were identified from the Danish and Swedish lymphoma registries, representing 0·4% of all lymphomas...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482904/public-opinion-on-alcohol-consumption-and-intoxication-at-swedish-professional-football-events
#19
Charlotte Skoglund, Natalie Durbeej, Tobias H Elgán, Johanna Gripenberg
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related problems at professional sporting events are of increasing concern and alarming reports are often reported in international media. Although alcohol consumption increases the risk for interpersonal violence, it is viewed as a focal element of large football events. Sweden has a long tradition of high public support for strict alcohol-control policies. However, little is known about public opinions on alcohol intoxication and the support for interventions to decrease intoxication at football events...
May 8, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481159/characterization-of-annual-disease-progression-of-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-population-based-study
#20
Jonatan Freilich, Ali Manouchehrinia, Mark Trusheim, Lynn G Baird, Sophie Desbiens, Ernst Berndt, Jan Hillert
BACKGROUND: Previous research characterizing factors influencing multiple sclerosis (MS) disease progression has typically been based on time to disease milestones (Kaplan-Meier, Cox hazard regression, etc.). A limitation of these methods is the handling of the often large groups of patients not reaching the milestone. OBJECTIVE: To characterize clinical factors influencing MS disease progression as annual transitions from each Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)...
May 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
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