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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926472/sweetened-beverage-intake-and-risk-of-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-lada-and-type-2-diabetes
#1
Josefin E Löfvenborg, Tomas Andersson, Per-Ola Carlsson, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Leif Groop, Mats Martinell, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Alicja Wolk, Sofia Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: Sweetened beverage intake is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but its association with autoimmune diabetes is unclear. We aimed to investigate sweetened beverage intake and risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA); autoimmune diabetes with features of type 2 diabetes. DESIGN/METHODS: Data from a Swedish population-based study was used, including incident cases of LADA (n = 357) and type 2 diabetes (n = 1136) and randomly selected controls (n = 1371)...
December 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925333/glycaemic-control-and-excess-risk-of-ischaemic-and-haemorrhagic-stroke-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cohort-study-of-33-453-patients
#2
C Hedén Ståhl, M Lind, A-M Svensson, S Gudbjörnsdottir, A Mårtensson, A Rosengren
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the excess risk of stroke in relation to glycaemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In this prospective, matched cohort study, we identified patients with type 1 diabetes, aged ≥18 years, who were registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register from 1998-2011 and five control subjects for each case from the general population, matched for age, sex and county of residence. The risks of all strokes, ischaemic stroke and haemorrhagic stroke were estimated using Cox hazard regression...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924653/healthcare-resource-use-comorbidity-treatment-and-clinical-outcomes-for-patients-with-primary-intracranial-tumors-a-swedish-population-based-register-study
#3
Jenny Bergqvist, Hanna Iderberg, Johan Mesterton, Nils Bengtsson, Björn Wettermark, Roger Henriksson
BACKGROUND: Primary intracranial tumors are relatively uncommon and heterogeneous, which make them challenging to study. We coupled data from unique Swedish population-based registries in order to deeper analyze the most common intracranical tumor types. Patient characteristics (e.g. comorbidities), care process measures like adherence to national guidelines, healthcare resource use and clinical outcome was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A register-based study including several population-based registries for all patients living in Stockholm-Gotland, diagnosed with primary intracranial tumor between 2001 and 2013 was performed...
December 7, 2016: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923553/anxiety-and-depression-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-celiac-disease-a-population-based-study
#4
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Abhik Roy, Benjamin Lebwohl, Peter H R Green, Louise Emilsson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Partner burden is common in celiac disease (CD), but it is unclear if parents of children with CD have increased burden, and if this may translate into depression and anxiety meriting healthcare. METHODS: Nationwide population-based study of 41,753 parents and spouses ("caregivers") to 29,096 celiac patients and 215,752 caregivers to 144,522 matched controls. Caregivers were identified from the Swedish Total Population Register, and linked to data on psychiatric disease in the National Patient Registry...
November 16, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923444/effects-of-a-culturally-adapted-lifestyle-intervention-on-cardio-metabolic-outcomes-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-at-high-risk-for-type-2-diabetes
#5
Faiza Siddiqui, Azra Kurbasic, Ulf Lindblad, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Middle-Eastern immigrants constitute a growing proportion of the Swedish population and are at high risk for Type 2 diabetes. This calls for a more proactive preventive approach for dealing with diabetes risk in this target group. The aim was to test the effect of a culturally adapted lifestyle intervention programme on changes in lifestyle habits and cardio-metabolic outcomes comparing an intervention group with a control group receiving usual care. METHODS: Citizens of Malmö, Sweden born in Iraq and at high risk for Type 2 diabetes (n=636) were invited...
January 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920720/validation-of-online-versions-of-tinnitus-questionnaires-translated-into-swedish
#6
Karolina Müller, Niklas K Edvall, Esma Idrizbegovic, Robert Huhn, Rilana Cima, Viktor Persson, Constanze Leineweber, Hugo Westerlund, Berthold Langguth, Winfried Schlee, Barbara Canlon, Christopher R Cederroth
Background: Due to the lack of objective measures for assessing tinnitus, its clinical evaluation largely relies on the use of questionnaires and psychoacoustic tests. A global assessment of tinnitus burden would largely benefit from holistic approaches that not only incorporate measures of tinnitus but also take into account associated fears, emotional aspects (stress, anxiety, and depression), and quality of life. In Sweden, only a few instruments are available for assessing tinnitus, and the existing tools lack validation...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918103/identifying-opportunities-to-increase-organ-donation-after-brain-death-an-observational-study-in-sweden-2009-2014
#7
T Nolin, C Mårdh, G Karlström, S M Walther
BACKGROUND: There is a wide gap between the number of organ donors and patients on waiting lists for transplantation. The purpose of this Swedish nationwide study of the critical pathway for organ donation after brain death (DBD) was to identify missed opportunities for organ donation. METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational study of all ICU deaths in Sweden from Jan 1, 2009 to Dec 31, 2014. The protocol structure followed the critical pathway for organ donation, which was developed and tested during 2008...
January 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917730/social-and-economic-consequences-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-analysis
#8
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, K J Karriker-Jaffe, J Sundquist, K Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Although alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with future risk for psychosocial dysfunction, the degree to which this arises from a direct causal effect of AUD on functioning v. from correlated risk factors (also known as confounders) is less clearly established. METHOD: AUD was assessed from Swedish medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. In a large general population cohort, using Cox proportional hazard and regression models, we predicted from the onset of AUD four outcomes: early retirement, unemployment, social assistance, and individual income...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912734/prevalence-and-predictive-importance-of-anemia-in-swedish-nursing-home-residents-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Björn Westerlind, Carl Johan Östgren, Sigvard Mölstad, Patrik Midlöv
BACKGROUND: Anemia is common in elderly people and especially in nursing home residents. Few studies have been performed on the consequences of anemia in a nursing home population. This study explored the prevalence of anemia in nursing homes in Sweden, including risk factors and mortality associated with anemia or hemoglobin (Hb) decline. METHODS: Three hundred ninety patients from 12 nursing homes were included during 2008-2011. Information about medication, blood samples, questionnaire responses and information about physical and social activities was recorded...
December 2, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902694/hospital-admission-and-criminality-associated-with-substance-misuse-in-young-refugees-a-swedish-national-cohort-study
#10
Hélio Manhica, Karl Gauffin, Ylva B Almqvist, Mikael Rostila, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health problems have been described in young refugees, but few studies have been conducted on substance misuse. This study aimed to investigate the patterns of hospital care and criminality associated with substance misuse in refugees who settled in Sweden as teenagers. METHODS: Gender stratified Cox regression models were used to estimate the risks of criminal convictions and hospital care associated with substance misuse from national Swedish data for 2005-2012...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894781/increased-healthcare-utilization-costs-following-initiation-of-insulin-treatment-in-type-2-diabetes-a-long-term-follow-up-in-clinical-practice
#11
Almina Kalkan, Johan Bodegard, Johan Sundström, Bodil Svennblad, Carl Johan Östgren, Peter Nilsson Nilsson, Gunnar Johansson, Mattias Ekman
AIMS: To compare long-term changes in healthcare utilization and costs for type 2 diabetes patients before and after insulin initiation, as well as healthcare costs after insulin versus non-insulin anti-diabetic (NIAD) initiation. METHODS: Patients newly initiated on insulin (n=2823) were identified in primary health care records from 84 Swedish primary care centers, between 1999 to 2009. First, healthcare costs per patient were evaluated for primary care, hospitalizations and secondary outpatient care, before and up to seven years after insulin initiation...
November 25, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894213/factor-solutions-of-the-social-phobia-scale-sps-and-the-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-sias-in-a-swedish-population
#12
Ewa Mörtberg, Lena Reuterskiöld, Maria Tillfors, Tomas Furmark, Lars-Göran Öst
Culturally validated rating scales for social anxiety disorder (SAD) are of significant importance when screening for the disorder, as well as for evaluating treatment efficacy. This study examined construct validity and additional psychometric properties of two commonly used scales, the Social Phobia Scale and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, in a clinical SAD population (n = 180) and in a normal population (n = 614) in Sweden. Confirmatory factor analyses of previously reported factor solutions were tested but did not reveal acceptable fit...
November 29, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893352/prevalence-of-antibodies-to-a-new-histo-blood-system-the-fors-system
#13
Carlos Jesus, Camilla Hesse, Clara Rocha, Nádia Osório, Ana Valado, Armando Caseiro, António Gabriel, Lola Svensson, Ali-Reza Moslemi, Wafa Abu Siba, Mahmoud A Srour, Cristina Pereira, Jorge Tomaz, Paulo Teixeira, Fernando Mendes
BACKGROUND: In 1987, three unrelated English families were reported with a putative blood subgroup called Apae. Swedish researchers later found evidence leading to abolishment of the Apae subgroup and establishment instead of the FORS blood group system (System 31 - ISBT, 2012). It is important to know the prevalence of antibodies in order to make the best decisions in transfusion medicine. Cells expressing the Forssman saccharide, such as sheep erythrocytes, are needed to detect the anti-Forssman antibody...
October 24, 2016: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890394/purchase-habits-use-of-paracetamol-and-information-sources-on-a-reregulated-swedish-pharmacy-market-a-population-based-study
#14
T Hedenrud, H Håkonsen
Considering the general lack of knowledge on how over-the-counter paracetamol is used combined with the reported increase in paracetamol poisonings after the reregulation of the Swedish pharmacy market in 2009, we aimed to analyze purchase habits and use of paracetamol in Sweden. A further aim was to investigate sources of information about paracetamol. Data were collected in October 2015 through the Citizen Panel, a Web-based panel encompassing over 50,000 Swedes. A stratified sample of 6000 (aged 18 years and older) was emailed a survey invitation...
November 19, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888355/psychometric-properties-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-treatment-outcome-satisfaction-questionnaire
#15
Riccardo Lo Martire, Angela Lis, Eva Skillgate, Eva Rasmussen-Barr
PURPOSE: Patient satisfaction is an outcome measure for low-back pain (LBP) interventions which allows clinicians to design patient-oriented treatments. The Treatment Outcome Satisfaction Questionnaire (TOSQ) is an English instrument constructed for such evaluations, and no equivalent instruments exist for the Swedish population. This study, therefore, translated TOSQ into Swedish and assessed the translated version's psychometric properties for patients with LBP. METHODS: A cross-cultural adaptation was used to translate TOSQ into Swedish...
November 25, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887734/two-countries-two-treatment-strategies-for-rectal-cancer
#16
Bengt Glimelius, Tor Åge Myklebust, Kristina Lundqvist, Arne Wibe, Marianne G Guren
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Trials in rectal cancer have shown that radiotherapy (RT) decreases local recurrence rates, whereas the effects on survival are uncertain. Swedish and Norwegian oncologists have had different treatment recommendations. The aim was to evaluate local recurrence rates and survival in the two countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1995 and 2012 rectal cancer patients registered in Sweden and Norway were analyzed, presenting population-based "real world" data...
November 22, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885698/long-term-excess-risk-of-stroke-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-sweden-according-to-blood-pressure-level-a-population-based-case-control-study
#17
C H Stahl, M Lind, A-M Svensson, M Kosiborod, S Gudbjörnsdottir, A Pivodic, M Clements, A Rosengren
AIMS: To estimate the risk of stroke in people with Type 2 diabetes with different blood pressure levels compared with the risk in the general population in Sweden. METHODS: This prospective case-control study included 408 076 people with Type 2 diabetes, aged ≥18 years, and free of prior stroke, registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register 1998-2011. Age- and sex-matched control subjects (n=1 913 507) without stroke from the general population were included...
November 25, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884137/early-identification-in-primary-health-care-of-people-at-risk-for-sick-leave-due-to-work-related-stress-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct
#18
Kristina Holmgren, Christine Sandheimer, Ann-Charlotte Mårdby, Maria E H Larsson, Ute Bültmann, Dominique Hange, Gunnel Hensing
BACKGROUND: Early identification of persons at risk of sickness absence due to work-related stress is a crucial problem for society in general, and primary health care in particular. Tho date, no established method to do this exists. This project's aim is to evaluate whether systematic early identification of work-related stress can prevent sickness absence. This paper presents the study design, procedure and outcome measurements, as well as allocation and baseline characteristics of the study population...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880055/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-asthma-what-are-the-risk-factors
#19
Sandra Andersson Kallin, Eva Lindberg, Johan Nilsson Sommar, Apostolos Bossios, Linda Ekerljung, Andrei Malinovschi, Roelinde Middelveld, Christer Janson
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have found that excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a more common problem in asthmatic subjects than in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the prevalence of EDS is increased in asthmatic subjects and, if so, to analyse the occurrence of potential risk factors for EDS in asthmatics. METHODS: Cross-sectional epidemiological study. In 2008, a postal questionnaire was sent out to a random sample of 45,000 individuals aged 16-75 years in four Swedish cities...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870981/healthy-dietary-patterns-and-incidence-of-biliary-tract-and-gallbladder-cancer-in-a-prospective-study-of-women-and-men
#20
Susanna C Larsson, Niclas Håkansson, Alicja Wolk
BACKGROUND: Whether diet influences the risk of biliary tract cancer (BTC) is unknown. We examined the associations of two healthy dietary patterns, including a modified Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (mDASH) diet and a modified Mediterranean (mMED) diet, with the incidence of BTC in a population-based prospective study. METHODS: The study population comprised 76,014 Swedish adults who were 45-83 years of age and cancer-free at baseline. The mDASH and mMED diets were calculated from self-reported dietary data collected by a validated food-frequency questionnaire...
November 18, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
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