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MALDI and matrix

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342611/short-communication-identification-of-corynebacterium-bovis-by-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#1
Helio Langoni, Carolina Polo Camargo da Silva, Marcella Zampoli Troncarelli, Alessandra Tata, Katia Roberta Anacleto Belaz, Marcos Nogueira Eberlin, Samea Fernandes Joaquim, Felipe Freitas Guimarães, Renata Bonini Pardo, Eduardo Nardini Gomes
Corynebacterium bovis is a mastitis-causing microorganism responsible for economic losses related to decrease in milk production. The aim of the study was identify Corynebacterium spp. strains recovered from milk samples of subclinical mastitis by using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS). Samples were collected during a 10-mo mastitis-monitoring program in a high-production dairy farm. In this study, 80 strains were analyzed; from these 54 (67.5%) were identified at species level as Corynebacterium bovis, 24 (31...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340309/analytical-techniques-in-lipidomics-state-of-the-art
#2
Kamil Jurowski, Kamila Kochan, Justyna Walczak, Małgorzata Barańska, Wojciech Piekoszewski, Bogusław Buszewski
Current studies related to lipid identification and determination, or lipidomics in biological samples, are one of the most important issues in modern bioanalytical chemistry. There are many articles dedicated to specific analytical strategies used in lipidomics in various kinds of biological samples. However, in such literature, there is lack of articles dedicated to a comprehensive review of the actual analytical methodologies used in lipidomics. The aim of this article is to characterize the lipidomics methods used in modern bioanalysis according to the methodological point of view: 1) chromatography/separation methods, 2) spectroscopic methods and 3) mass spectrometry and also hyphenated methods...
March 24, 2017: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337401/a-rapid-approach-for-fabricating-boronic-acid-functionalized-plates-for-on-probe-detection-of-glycoprotein-and-glycopeptide
#3
Yu-Ching Liu, Chao-Jung Chen
We developed a rapid and simple approach without using complex mechanical or chemical protocols to fabricate boronic acid-functionalized plates for glycoprotein or glycopeptide enrichment and mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. By coating the boronic acid-functionalized silica particles on a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)-coated matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) plate, these particles can form a firmly monolayer of particles on PDMS membrane for sample handling without peeling off. The boronic acid particles-coated PDMS plate (BP plate) was successfully applied to the enrichment of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) protein and their digested glycopeptides...
2017: Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336905/a-nanostructured-matrices-assessment-to-study-drug-distribution-in-solid-tumor-tissues-by-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#4
Silvia Giordano, Valentina Pifferi, Lavinia Morosi, Melinda Morelli, Luigi Falciola, Giuseppe Cappelletti, Sonja Visentin, Simonetta A Licandro, Roberta Frapolli, Massimo Zucchetti, Roberta Pastorelli, Laura Brunelli, Maurizio D'Incalci, Enrico Davoli
The imaging of drugs inside tissues is pivotal in oncology to assess whether a drug reaches all cells in an adequate enough concentration to eradicate the tumor. Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry Imaging (MALDI-MSI) is one of the most promising imaging techniques that enables the simultaneous visualization of multiple compounds inside tissues. The choice of a suitable matrix constitutes a critical aspect during the development of a MALDI-MSI protocol since the matrix ionization efficiency changes depending on the analyte structure and its physico-chemical properties...
March 21, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336451/effect-of-soybean-phosphatidylcholine-on-lipid-profile-of-bovine-oocytes-matured-in-vitro
#5
Caroline P Pitangui-Molina, Alessandra A Vireque, Alessandra Tata, Katia Roberta A Belaz, Vanessa G Santos, Christina R Ferreira, Marcos N Eberlin, Marcos Felipe S Sá, Rui A Ferriani, Ana Carolina J S Rosa-E-Silva
The phospholipid (PL) composition of embryo and oocyte membranes affects thermal phase behavior and several physicochemical properties such as fluidity and permeability. The characterization of PL profiles and the development of suitable in vitro maturation (IVM) protocols, that are able to modify membrane's composition, may result in significant improvements in oocyte developmental potential and cryotolerance. Using soybean phosphatidylcholine (PC) as a model supplement, we evaluated the effect of PL supplementation during IVM on bovine cumulus-oocyte-complex (COC)...
March 20, 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336134/evaluation-of-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-fight-mass-spectrometry-for-identification-of-345-clinical-isolates-of-aspergillus-species-from-11-korean-hospitals-comparison-with-molecular-identification
#6
Ju Heon Park, Jong Hee Shin, Min Ji Choi, Jin Un Choi, Yeon-Joon Park, Sook Jin Jang, Eun Jeong Won, Soo Hyun Kim, Seung Jung Kee, Myung Geun Shin, Soon Pal Suh
We evaluated the ability of the Filamentous Fungi Library 1.0 of the MALDI-TOF MS Biotyper system to identify 345 clinical Aspergillus isolates from 11 Korean hospitals. Compared with results of the internal transcribed spacer region sequencing, the frequencies of correct identification at the species-complex level were 94.5% and 98.8% with cutoff values of 2.0 and 1.7, respectively. Compared with results of β-tubulin gene sequencing, the frequencies of correct identification at the species level were 96.0% (cutoff 2...
January 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335978/systematic-assessment-of-surfactants-for-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#7
Bijay Banstola, Eulalie T Grodner, Fan Cao, Fabrizio Donnarumma, Kermit K Murray
A systematic method for evaluation of MALDI profiling and imaging was developed and applied to the use of three surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), Triton X-100, and Tween 20, on rat brain tissue. For profiling studies, mass spectra were acquired from regular arrays of spots with manually deposited surfactant and matrix. The studies recorded the total number of peaks in the mass spectra from 2 to 20 kDa and compared the number of peaks and peak intensities with and without surfactant. It was found that SDS decreases the total number of peaks at all concentrations but does lead to an increase in the number of peaks below 5 kDa...
April 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333435/laser-desorption-ionization-coupled-to-ft-icr-mass-spectrometry-for-studies-of-natural-organic-matter
#8
John W T Blackburn, Will Kew, Margaret C Graham, Dusan Uhrin
Laser desorption/ionization (LDI) was investigated as an ionization method for Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) studies of natural organic matter (NOM). Using International Humic Substances Society standards, Suwannee River fulvic acid (SRFA) and Suwannee River natural organic matter (SRNOM), LDI was found to ionize very similar set of compounds (> 90 % of molecular formulae identity) to the matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI), while producing higher quality spectra...
March 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329870/application-of-imaging-techniques-to-cases-of-drug-induced-crystal-nephropathy-in-preclinical-studies
#9
B Lenz, A Brink, M Siam, A De Paepe, S Bassett, A Eichinger-Chapelon, P Maliver, R Neff, U Niederhauser, B Steinhuber, R Zurbach, T Singer, C Funk, F Schuler, M Albassam, S Schadt
A number of drugs can cause precipitates within renal tubules leading to crystal nephropathy. Crystal nephropathy is usually an exposure-related finding and is not uncommon in preclinical studies, where high doses are tested. An understanding of the nature of precipitates is important for human risk assessment and further development. Our aim was to investigate the ability of various imaging techniques to detect the presence of drugs or metabolites in renal crystals. We applied matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization - Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (MALDI-FTICR MS) imaging, Raman and infrared microspectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) spectroscopy and standard histopathology to cases of drug-induced crystal nephropathy, induced in rodents and primates by four compounds...
February 27, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328038/superbasic-alkyl-substituted-bisphosphazene-proton-sponges-a-new-class-of-deprotonating-matrices-for-negative-ion-matrix-assisted-ionization-laser-desorption-mass-spectrometry-of-low-molecular-weight-hardly-ionizable-analytes
#10
C D Calvano, T R I Cataldi, J F Kögel, A Monopoli, F Palmisano, J Sundermeyer
RATIONALE: Here hardly ionizable and low molecular weight compounds are detected in negative ion mode by using novel superbasic proton sponges based on 1,8-bisphosphazenylnaphthalene (PN) as MALDI matrices. Among the selected proton sponges, 1,8-bis(trispyrrolidinophosphazenyl)naphthalene (TPPN) has shown the best behaviour as matrix since it allows the direct detection of intact cholesterol without derivatization also in real challenging samples. METHODS: Very weakly acidic compounds such as sterols, steroids, fatty alcohols and saccharides were detected in reflectron negative ion mode by a MALDI TOF/TOF system equipped with a neodymium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Nd:YLF) laser (345 nm) with typical mass accuracy of 10 ppm...
July 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328033/effects-of-molecular-weight-and-cationization-agent-on-the-sensitivity-of-bi-cluster-secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry
#11
Makiko Fujii, Rie Shishido, Takaya Satoh, Shigeru Suzuki, Jiro Matsuo
RATIONALE: Bi cluster secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) is one of the most promising tools for precise analysis of synthetic polymers. However, the sensitivity in the high-mass region is still insufficient compared with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS). Accordingly, the effects of metal assistance (cationization agents) were investigated in this study. METHODS: To investigate the effects caused by varying the ionization agent, three different polyethylene glycol (PEG) samples were prepared, one with an Ag-deposited film, and two others mixed with Ag and Na, respectively...
July 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328023/identification-of-microorganisms-in-biofluids-of-individuals-with-periodontitis-and-chronic-kidney-disease-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#12
Levy Anderson César Alves, Rafael Celestino Souza, Taciana Mara Couto da Silva, Andreia Watanabe, Meriellen Dias, Maria Anita Mendes, Ana Lídia Ciamponi
RATIONALE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and periodontitis (PD) are important health issues. There is a large variety of microorganisms related to the pathogenesis of periodontitis, and optimising the time and the cost of laboratory assays to detect these organisms is highly valuable in the medical field. METHODS: Bacteria were isolated from saliva and oral biofilm of 30 adolescents and young adults with definite medical and dental diagnosis of CKD and PD, respectively, and proteins were extracted for microorganism identification by means of the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) technique...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328018/abundance-correction-for-mass-discrimination-effects-in-polymer-mass-spectra
#13
Martin S Engler, Sarah Crotty, Markus J Barthel, Christian Pietsch, Ulrich S Schubert, Sebastian Böcker
RATIONALE: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) is frequently used to analyze homo- and copolymers, i.e. for computing copolymer fingerprints. However, the oligomer abundances are influenced by mass discrimination, i.e. mass- and composition-dependent ionization. We have developed a computational method to correct the abundance bias caused by the mass discrimination. METHODS: MALDI-TOFMS in combination with computational methods was used to investigate three random copolymers with different ratios of styrene and isoprene...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323431/au38-sph-24-au38-protected-with-aromatic-thiolate-ligands
#14
Milan Rambukwella, Shayna Burrage, Marie Neubrander, Oscar Baseggio, Edoardo Aprà, Mauro Stener, Alessandro Fortunelli, Amala Dass
Au38(SR)24 is one of the most extensively investigated gold nanomolecules along with Au25(SR)18 and Au144(SR)60. However, so far it has only been prepared using aliphatic-like ligands, where R = -SC6H13, -SC12H25 and -SCH2CH2Ph. Au38(SCH2CH2Ph)24 when reacted with HSPh undergoes core-size conversion to Au36(SPh)24, and existing literature suggests that Au38(SPh)24 cannot be synthesized. Here, contrary to prevailing knowledge, we demonstrate that Au38(SPh)24 can be prepared if the ligand exchanged conditions are optimized, under delicate conditions, without any formation of Au36(SPh)24...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320881/lpto-pg0027-is-required-for-lipid-a-1-phosphatase-activity-in-porphyromonas-gingivalis-w50
#15
Minnie Rangarajan, Joseph Aduse-Opoku, Ahmed Hashim, Graham McPhail, Zofia Luklinska, M Florencia Haurat, Mario F Feldman, Michael A Curtis
Porphyromonas gingivalis produces outer-membrane vesicles (OMVs) rich in virulence factors including cysteine-proteases and A-LPS, one of the two lipopolysaccharides (LPS) produced by this organism. Previous studies had suggested that A-LPS together with PG0027, an outer-membrane (OM) protein, may be involved in OMV-formation. Their roles in this process were examined using parent W50 and mutant ΔPG0027 strains. Inactivation of PG0027 caused a reduction in yield of OMVs. Lipid A from cells and OMVs of P. gingivalis W50 and ΔPG0027 strains were analysed by matrix-assisted laser-desorption-ionisation-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF- MS)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318232/histology-compatible-maldi-mass-spectrometry-based-imaging-of-neuronal-lipids-for-subsequent-immunofluorescent-staining
#16
Ibrahim Kaya, Wojciech Michno, Dimitri Brinet, Yasmine Iacone, Giulia Zanni, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Jörg Hanrieder
Matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) enables acquisition of spatial distribution maps for molecular species in situ. This can provide comprehensive insights on the pathophysiology of different diseases. However, current sample preparation and MALDI-IMS acquisition methods have limitations in preserving molecular and histological tissue morphology, resulting in interfered correspondence of MALDI-IMS data with subsequently acquired immunofluorescent staining results...
March 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317378/scrambled-internal-standard-sis-method-for-high-throughput-protein-quantification-by-maldi-ms-ms
#17
Toshihiro Yoneyama, Sumio Ohtsuki, Masanori Tachikawa, Yasuo Uchida, Tetsuya Terasaki
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) would be advantageous for high-throughput MS acquisition, but suffers from low signal reproducibility. The purpose of this study was to establish a reliable MALDI-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)-based high-throughput quantification of tryptic peptides using our newly developed scrambled internal standard (sIS) method. The standard curves obtained with sIS peptides showed good linearity over a wide concentration range (5-1000 fmol/μL) compared to the IS-free method, and the coefficient of variation (CV) of data points at each concentration (5-1000 fmol/μL) was significantly reduced...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315638/determination-of-triazines-and-triazoles-in-grapes-using-atmospheric-pressure-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#18
Vishal Mahale, Ajeet Singh, Gayatri S Phadke, Avinash D Ghanate, Dasharath P Oulkar, Kaushik Banerjee, Venkateswarlu Panchagnula
A chromatography-free atmospheric pressure matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization high-resolution mass spectrometry (AP-MALDI HRMS) method is described for the simultaneous and quantitative detection of triazines and triazoles in grapes. The analytes were detected reproducibly with high mass accuracy (mass error within 5 ppm) and further confirmed by collision-induced dissociation fragmentation in tandem MS. The LODs and LOQs for all the analytes were found to be in the nanogram per gram level (15-20 ng/g LOQ)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303824/matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionisation-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-rapid-detection-of-carbapenamase-activity-in-acinetobacter-baumannii-isolates
#19
Noha Abouseada, May Raouf, Eman El-Attar, Pacinte Moez
INTRODUCTION: Carbapenamase-producing Acinetobacter baumannii are an increasing threat in hospitals and Intensive Care Units. Accurate and rapid detection of carbapenamase producers has a great impact on patient improvement and aids in implementation of infection control measures. AIM: In this study, we describe the use of matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI TOF MS) to identify carbapenamase-producing A. baumannii isolates in up to 3 h...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301258/maldi-mass-spectrometry-reveals-that-cumulus-cells-modulate-the-lipid-profile-of-in-vitro-matured-bovine-oocytes
#20
Alessandra A Vireque, Alessandra Tata, Katia Roberta A Belaz, João Gabriel V Grázia, Fábio N Santos, Daniel R Arnold, Andrea C Basso, Marcos N Eberlin, Marcos Felipe Silva-de-Sá, Rui A Ferriani, Ana Carolina J Sá Rosa-E-Silva
The influence of cumulus cells (CC) on the lipid profile of bovine oocytes matured in two different lipid sources was investigated. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) or denuded oocytes (DO) were matured in tissue culture medium (TCM) supplemented with fetal bovine serum (FBS) or serum substitute supplement (SSS). Lipid profiles of TCM, serum supplements, immature CC and oocyte (IO), and in vitro-matured oocytes from COC and DO were then analyzed by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) and submitted to partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA)...
April 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
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