keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sleep behavior disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130695/a-test-of-the-empirical-profile-and-coherence-of-the-dsm-5-psychopathy-specifier
#1
Joshua D Miller, Joanna Lamkin, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013) introduced a psychopathy specifier (DSM-5 PS) as part of the Section III diagnostic model of antisocial personality disorder. Designed to capture the construct of fearless dominance/boldness, the DSM-5 PS is assessed on the basis of the presence of low scores on traits of withdrawal and anxiousness, and high scores on attention seeking. These constructs have garnered attention in the past decade but are the subject of substantial debate as to their role in the conceptualization and assessment of psychopathy, given their limited relations to the maladaptive outcomes typically associated with this personality disorder...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129579/epidemiology-of-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-both-study-design-and-measurement-tool-count
#2
EDITORIAL
Jihui Zhang, Shirley Xin Li, Siu Ping Lam, Yun-Kwok Wing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128371/assessments-of-neurocognitive-and-behavioral-function-in-the-mucopolysaccharidoses
#3
REVIEW
Elsa G Shapiro, Maria L Escolar, Kathleen A Delaney, John J Mitchell
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of rare, inherited lysosomal storage disorders in which accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) leads to progressive tissue and organ dysfunction. In addition to a variety of somatic signs and symptoms, patients with rapidly progressing MPS I (Hurler), II, III, and VII can present with significant neurological manifestations, including impaired cognitive abilities, difficulties in language and speech, behavioral abnormalities, sleep problems, and/or seizures. Neurological symptoms have a substantial impact on the quality of life of MPS patients and their families...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125997/non-suicidal-self-injury-emotional-eating-and-insomnia-after-child-sexual-abuse-are-those-symptoms-related-to-emotion-regulation
#4
Esra Demirci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to assess the effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) on emotion regulation (ER) in adolescents and to evaluate the relationships between non suicidal self-injury (NSSI), emotional eating, insomnia and emotion disregulation (ED). METHOD: Fifty two adolescents, aged 10-18 years, without who weren't diagnosed a psychiatric disease before abuse and completed 6-months of follow-up after abuse included the study. Control group consisted of 33 healthy voluntary participants without any known psychiatric disorders...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122149/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-exercise-on-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study
#5
James W Whitworth, Lynette L Craft, Shira I Dunsiger, Joseph T Ciccolo
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that exercise may have beneficial effects on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and that this relationship may be indirectly affected by sleep, pain, and alcohol/substance use. The present study examined the longitudinal direct and indirect effects of exercise on PTSD symptoms. METHOD: A national sample of 182 individuals, screening positive for PTSD, completed online assessments of PTSD symptoms, exercise behavior, psychological distress, sleep quality, and alcohol/substance use at baseline and three-month follow-up...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121095/the-pedunculopontine-tegmentum-controls-renal-sympathetic-nerve-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-activities-in-nembutal-anesthetized-rats
#6
Anne M Fink, Caron Dean, Mariann R Piano, David W Carley
Elevated renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) accompanies a variety of complex disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea, heart failure, and chronic kidney disease. Understanding pathophysiologic renal mechanisms is important for determining why hypertension is both a common sequelae and a predisposing factor of these disorders. The role of the brainstem in regulating RSNA remains incompletely understood. The pedunculopontine tegmentum (PPT) is known for regulating behaviors including alertness, locomotion, and rapid eye movement sleep...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117888/the-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-screening-questionnaire-validation-study-of-the-korean-version-rbdq-kr
#7
Sooyeoun You, Hye-Jin Moon, So Young Do, Yun-Kwok Wing, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Ki-Young Jung, Yong Won Cho
STUDY OBJECTIVES: REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia that is commonly associated with neurodegenerative disorders. We aimed to validate the Hong Kong version of the self-reported RBD questionnaire (RBDQ-HK) with the Korean version (RBDQ-KR) and to investigate its clinical usefulness. METHODS: One-hundred five patients with RBD and 105 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled. Thirty were randomly selected for a retest with the questionnaire after 2 to 4 weeks without any treatment...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117887/correlates-to-problem-behaviors-in-pediatric-narcolepsy-a-pilot-study
#8
Althea Robinson Shelton, Beth Malow
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Excessive daytime sleepiness, the hallmark of narcolepsy, predisposes patients to serious performance decrements in multiple areas of function. Psychosocial dysfunction has been demonstrated in adults and children with narcolepsy. Several factors could influence psychosocial functioning in children. The objective of this study was to examine neurobehavioral problems in children with narcolepsy and to define associations with these problem behaviors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed where the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) was completed by guardians of children (age 18 years or younger) in whom narcolepsy with or without cataplexy was diagnosed (based on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Second Edition) between July 2008 and October 2014...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115388/antinociceptive-effect-of-valeriana-fauriei-regulates-bdnf-signaling-in-an-animal-model-of-fibromyalgia
#9
Hwayoung Lee, Jiyun Im, Hansol Won, Jun Young Kim, Hyung-Ki Kim, Jun-Tack Kwon, Young Ock Kim, Sanghyun Lee, Ik-Hyun Cho, Sang Won Lee, Hak-Jae Kim
The genus Valeriana has been widely used in popular medicine for centuries, to treat sleep disorders, anxiety, epilepsy and insomnia. Recent studies have focused on the novel pharmacological effects of Valeriana fauriei Briq. (VF) species. Previous studies have attempted to determine the pharmacological functions of Valeriana in various human diseases, particularly with regards to its neuroprotective effects, and its ability to reduce pain and stress. The present study constructed an animal model of fibromyalgia (FM), which was induced by intermittent cold stress with slight modification...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111092/quantitative-neuroimaging-in-mucopolysaccharidoses-clinical-trials
#10
REVIEW
Igor Nestrasil, Leonardo Vedolin
The mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) disorders are rare lysosomal storage disorders caused by mutations in lysosomal enzymes involved in glycosaminoglycan (GAG) degradation. The resulting intracellular accumulation of GAGs leads to widespread tissue and organ dysfunction. In addition to somatic signs and symptoms, patients with MPS can present with neurological manifestations such as cognitive decline, behavioral problems (e.g. hyperactivity and aggressiveness), sleep disturbances, and/or epilepsy. These are associated with significant abnormalities of the central nervous system (CNS), including white and gray matter lesions, brain atrophy, ventriculomegaly, and spinal cord compression...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111021/differences-in-clinical-characteristics-when-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-precedes-or-comes-after-the-onset-of-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Takashi Nomura, Masafumi Kishi, Kenji Nakashima
OBJECTIVE: Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is important not only as a preclinical symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), but also as an aggravating symptom of PD. However, it is not known whether the onset of RBD in relation to PD affects the clinical characteristics of PD. A cross-sectional study comparing clinical characteristics of PD between patients with RBD occurring before and after the onset of PD was conducted. METHODS: Interviews regarding RBD symptoms were conducted and polysomnography was performed on 136 patients with PD...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109033/predicting-and-analyzing-early-wake-up-associated-gene-expressions-by-integrating-gwas-and-eqtl-studies
#12
JiaRui Li, Tao Huang
Circadian rhythms are endogenous 24-hour rhythmic oscillations affecting human behaviors, such as sleep, blood pressure and other biological processes, the disturbance of which lead to circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSDs). In this study, based on the data from genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs), we tried to identify novel gene expression patterns in brain tissues that were associated with early wake-up. First, the maximum-relevance-minimum-redundancy (mRMR) method was adopted to analyze the involved gene expression patterns, yielding a feature list...
November 3, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106789/depression-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is described as intermittent interruptions or reductions in airflow which are initiated by an incomplete or complete collapse of the upper airways despite respiratory effort. When left untreated, OSA is connected with comorbid conditions, such as cardiovascular and metabolic illnesses. METHOD: The PubMed database was used to examine papers published until April 2017 using the subsequent terms: "obstructive sleep apnea" or "obstructive sleep apnoea" and "depression" in successive combination with "CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure)", "therapy", "pharmacotherapy", "psychotherapy", "cognitive behavioral therapy" or "quality of life"...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106279/perils-of-partialing-redux-the-case-of-the-dark-triad
#14
Chelsea E Sleep, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, Joshua D Miller
The Dark Triad (DT) is a collection of overlapping aversive personality profiles constituting psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism. Debates remain regarding the optimal way to examine the unique outcomes associated with each construct, with several scholars advocating partialing these profiles in multiple regression analyses (i.e., removing their shared variance). The present paper details the pitfalls inherent in this approach by comparing the convergence and divergence of relations derived from raw and residualized DT composite scores...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105627/macrophage-related-cytokine-expressions-in-depression-mouse-model-induced-by-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress
#15
Shoulian Zhu, Lejing Li, Ying Li, Wenyuan Cao
Depression is characterized by mental retardation, interest blank, hypoactivity, anxiety, appetite loss, sexual dysfunction, sleep disorders and other symptoms. The incidence of depressed patients has demonstrated an upward trend in recent years. Antidepressant drugs are commonly used in modern medicine, but they have the side effect of drug resistance. This study aims to explore the effect of acupuncture stimulation on expressions of macrophage-related cytokines in mice with depression induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS), and to explore the underlying immunological mechanism...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103939/stability-of-wake-sleep-cycles-requires-robust-degradation-of-the-period-protein
#16
Matthew D'Alessandro, Stephen Beesley, Jae Kyoung Kim, Zachary Jones, Rongmin Chen, Julie Wi, Kathleen Kyle, Daniel Vera, Michele Pagano, Richard Nowakowski, Choogon Lee
Robustness in biology is the stability of phenotype under diverse genetic and/or environmental perturbations. The circadian clock has remarkable stability of period and phase that-unlike other biological oscillators-is maintained over a wide range of conditions. Here, we show that the high fidelity of the circadian system stems from robust degradation of the clock protein PERIOD. We show that PERIOD degradation is regulated by a balance between ubiquitination and deubiquitination, and that disruption of this balance can destabilize the clock...
October 24, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102236/rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-portends-poor-prognosis-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Yoon Kim, Young Eun Kim, Eun Ok Park, Chae Won Shin, Han-Joon Kim, Beomseok Jeon
REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia wherein a loss of REM sleep atonia manifests as dream-enactment, often violent. Aside from its significance as a predictor of PD, RBD in PD may imply more than merely screaming at night and experiencing sleep fragmentation. To probe its significance as a prognostic factor in PD, we performed a systematic literature review. Analysis of prospective studies reveals baseline RBD confers a higher risk of developing dementia and hallucinations. In cross-sectional studies, RBD is associated with the non-tremor predominant motor phenotype and autonomic dysfunction...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101940/rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-diagnosis-clinical-implications-and-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Erik K St Louis, Bradley F Boeve
Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is diagnosed by a clinical history of dream enactment accompanied by polysomnographic rapid eye movement sleep atonia loss (rapid eye movement sleep without atonia). Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is strongly associated with neurodegenerative disease, especially synucleinopathies such as Parkinson disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple system atrophy. A history of RBD may begin several years to decades before onset of any clear daytime symptoms of motor, cognitive, or autonomic impairments, suggesting that RBD is the presenting manifestation of a neurodegenerative process...
November 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099980/parent-reported-symptoms-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-is-associated-with-increased-behavioral-problems-at-2-years-of-age-the-canadian-healthy-infant-longitudinal-development-child-birth-cohort-study
#19
Sukhpreet K Tamana, Lisa Smithson, Amanda Lau, Jennifer Mariasine, Rochelle Young, Joyce Chikuma, Diana L Lefebvre, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, Jacqueline Pei, Piush J Mandhane
Objectives: To examine the association between the age of onset and duration of parent-reported symptoms of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and behavioral problems at age two years. Methods: Parent-reported SDB symptoms were assessed quarterly between three months and two years among 583 Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Edmonton-site participants. Parent-reported SDB symptoms were clustered into phenotypes using group-based trajectory analysis based on age of onset and duration of symptoms...
November 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096777/efficacy-and-safety-of-pediatric-prolonged-release-melatonin-for-insomnia-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Paul Gringras, Tali Nir, John Breddy, Anat Frydman-Marom, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of novel pediatric-appropriate, prolonged-release melatonin minitablets (PedPRM) versus placebo for insomnia in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with or without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbidity, and neurogenetic disorders (NGD). METHOD: A total of 125 children and adolescents (2-17.5 years of age; 96.8% ASD, 3.2% Smith-Magenis syndrome [SMS]) whose sleep failed to improve on behavioral intervention alone were randomized (1:1 ratio), double-blind, to receive PedPRM (2 mg escalated to 5 mg) or placebo for 13 weeks...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
106163
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"