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transverse colectomy

Kenan Büyükaşık, Bünyamin Gürbulak, Emre Özoran, Yiğit Düzköylü, Esin Kabul Gürbulak, Aziz Arı, Hasan Bektaş
A number of nontraumatic acute abdomen can result in peritonitis leading to sepsis. In emergent conditions, various procedures like segmentary colectomy and/or subtotal colectomy with anastomosis, Hartmann's procedure, transverse colectomy, and/or expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement can be performed, considering the status of the patient and the facilitaties of the institution. In our study, we examined the cases diagnosed as acute abdomen without the history of trauma, which had lead to a procedure requiring colostomy...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Teppei Omori, Katsutoshi Tokushige, Fukiko Kinoshita, Ayumi Ito, Makiko Taniai, Mikiko Taneichi, Bunei Iizuka, Michio Itabashi, Yoji Nagashima, Masakazu Yamamoto, Shinichi Nakamura, Etsuko Hashimoto
A man in his 30s, who had undergone retrocolic Billroth II reconstruction for perforated duodenal ulcer, presented with watery diarrhea for 2 years and suspected fatty liver. He was referred to our hospital for management of chronic diarrhea, weight loss, hepatopathy and hypoalbuminemia. Initial upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopies were negative. Since a small bowel lesion was suspected, peroral single-balloon enteroscopy was performed, which identified feces-like residue near the Billroth II anastomotic site and a connection to the colon separate from the afferent and efferent loops...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
A Rashid, K J Gorissen, F Ris, M P Gosselink, J R Shorthouse, A D Smith, J J Pandit, I Lindsey, N Crabtree
AIM: Advances in laparoscopic techniques combined with enhanced recovery pathways have led to faster recuperation and discharge after colorectal surgery. Peripheral nerve blockade using Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) blocks reduce opioid requirements and provide better analgesia than inactive controls for laparoscopic colectomies. This double-blind randomized study was performed comparing TAP blocks using Bupivacaine to standardised wound infiltration with local anaesthetic (LA). METHODS: 71 Patients were randomised between either TAP-block or wound infiltration...
December 10, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Laura Paláu-Dávila, Reynaldo Lara-Medrano, Adrián A Negreros-Osuna, Matías Salinas-Chapa, Elvira Garza-González, Eva Marìa Gutierrez-Delgado, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz
AIM: To develop a CT predictor scale for the need for colectomy and to evaluate predictors of all-cause mortality within 30 days after diagnosis ofC. difficile infection (CDI). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of adult hospitalized patients whounderwent abdominal CT within 72 h of diagnosis of CDI. RESULTS: Presence of abnormal wall thickening in caecum (OR 8.0; CI 1.37-46.81; p = 0.021), transverse colon (OR 6.7; CI 1.15-35...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Jun-Yang Lu, Lai Xu, Hua-Dan Xue, Wei-Xun Zhou, Tao Xu, Hui-Zhong Qiu, Bin Wu, Guo-Le Lin, Yi Xiao
BACKGROUND: The extent of lymphadenectomy during laparoscopic right colectomy can affect the oncological outcome and the safety of surgery. The principle of complete mesocolic excision (CME) has been gradually accepted and increasingly applied by colorectal surgeons. The aim of this study is to investigate whether extended lymphadenectomy (CME) in laparoscopic colectomy could improve the oncological outcomes of patients with right-sided colon cancers, compared with D2 lymphadenectomy...
December 8, 2016: Trials
Zhenhua Yu, Qi Liu, Zhigang Xiao, Dan Li, Xing Huang, Zhongcheng Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application value of colonic transit test (CTT) combined with anorectal manometry (ARM), barium enema (BE) and defecography (DFG) in accurately evaluating colonic lesions of slow transit constipation complicated with adult megacolon. METHODS: Clinical data of 47 above patients admitted between October 2007 and February 2015 in the People's Hospital of Hunan Province were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were examined with≥2 times of CTT combined with ARM and BE, and 42 cases received additional DFG at the same time, to evaluate colonic lesions before operation...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Massimiliano Fabozzi, Pia Cirillo, Francesco Corcione
This work is a topic highlight on the surgical treatment of the right colon pathologies, focusing on the literature state of art and comparing the open surgery to the different laparoscopic and robotic procedures. Different laparoscopic procedures have been described for the treatment of right colon tumors: Totally laparoscopic right colectomy, laparoscopic assisted right colectomy, laparoscopic facilitated right colectomy, hand-assisted right colectomy, single incision laparoscopic surgery colectomy, robotic right colectomy...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Mathilde Cohen, Dominique Cazals-Hatem, Henri Duboc, Jean-Marc Sabate, Simon Msika, Anne Lavergne Slove, Yves Panis, Benoit Coffin
AIM: Subtotal colectomy is the treatment of last resort in patients with severe colonic inertia (SCI) refractory to laxatives. Some studies have reported hypoplasia of the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) using a semi-quantitative analysis. The aims of this study were first to investigate if semi-quantitative or morphometry is better at the quantification of colonic ICC and secondly to determine whether there is a relationship between the number of ICC and the severity of constipation...
September 14, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Mashaal Dhir, Deepa Magge, Stephanie Novak, David L Bartlett, Amer H Zureikat
BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery infusion (HAI) chemotherapy is an effective regional therapy for unresectable colorectal liver metastases (U-CRLM).1 (,) 2 One of its limitations is the need for a laparotomy, which can delay the use of systemic therapy.3 Here, we describe a purely robotic technique for placement of an HAI pump (Fig 1). PATIENT: A 62-year-old male presented with a symptomatic ascending colon cancer and multiple bilobar unresectable liver metastases. He underwent laparoscopic right colectomy followed by six cycles of FOLFOXIRI and bevacizumab with stable disease by RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors) criteria, and also underwent robotic HAI pump placement...
December 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Nikolaos Gouvas, Christos Agalianos, Kleio Papaparaskeva, Aristotelis Perrakis, Werner Hohenberger, Evaghelos Xynos
BACKGROUND: Complete mesocolic excision (CME) for colonic cancer offers a surgical specimen of higher quality, with higher number of lymph nodes compared to conventional colectomy. However, evidence on oncological outcomes is limited. The aim of the present study is to review recent literature and provide more information regarding the effect of CME colectomy on short- and long-term outcomes. METHOD: PubMed and MEDLINE databases were searched, and articles in English reporting data on CME were reviewed...
September 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Xuetong Jiang, Chuanqi Xu, Dong Tang, Daorong Wang
Synchronous colorectal cancers refer to the simultaneous occurrence of multiple colorectal tumors in a single patient, excluding any metastases from other organs. At present, radical surgery is considered the standard curative treatment; however, individualized surgical strategies depend on tumor location, the depth of invasion and the general health of the patient. In the present study, the case of a 52-year-old man who presented with a 2-month history of abdominal pain that was accompanied by intermittent hematochezia and weight loss is reported...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
A Antadze, G Mukhashavria, N Lekvtadze, G Tomadze, G Chikobava
Nonspecific ulcerative colitis is disease with complicated and not fully studied etiology and pathogenesis, and treatment of its complications is very difficult. Especially complicated is disease course with repetitive bleeding, toxic megacolon and perforation. We present a quite rare case of complication with multiple, especially repetitive perforations of transverse colon. After 13 days from the performance of subtotal colectomy, the patient underwent to the relaparotomy because of secondary perforation of sygmoid colon 2-3 cm lower from its cult and iliac intestine 0...
June 2016: Georgian Medical News
J W T Toh, R Lim, A Keshava, M J F X Rickard
AIM: To determine the incidence of internal hernias after laparoscopic colorectal surgery and evaluate the risk factors and strategies in the management of this serious complication. METHOD: Two databases (MEDLINE from 1946 and Embase from 1949) were searched to mid-September 2015. The search terms included volvulus or internal hernia and laparoscopic colorectal surgery or colorectal surgery or anterior resection or laparoscopic colectomy. We found 49 and 124 articles on MEDLINE and Embase, respectively, an additional 15 articles were found on reviewing the references...
December 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Jessica Gonzalez-Hernandez, Luis Lizardo-Sanchez
A 69-year-old white man presented with several episodes of hematochezia. Colonoscopy demonstrated multiple colonic blebs localized mainly in the distal transverse colon. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, capsule endoscopy, and computed tomography of the abdomen did not reveal any abnormalities. The patient required several blood transfusions and eventually required a subtotal colectomy with ileosigmoid anastomosis for definitive bleeding control. Pathology was remarkable for multifocal vascular ectasia, consistent with the diagnosis of blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome...
July 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Yuta Ibuki, Masanori Yoshimitsu, Manabu Emi, Hidenori Mukaida, Naoki Hirabayashi, Atsushi Kagimoto, Mayumi Kaneko, Wataru Takiyama
Advanced sigmoid colon cancer with stenosis was discovered in a man in his 50's who presented with constipation. A radiological examination revealed peritoneal dissemination. Transverse colostomy was scheduled for the treatment of bowel obstruction. Multiple disseminated nodules were confirmed, and adenocarcinoma was detected from a nodule in the omentum. Eight courses of SOX plus bevacizumab caused the primary tumor to shrink and disseminated nodules to become radiologically undetectable. The patient underwent sigmoid colectomy 8 weeks after the last bevacizumab administration, and no disseminated nodules were found during the procedure...
June 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Laura Lorenzon, Francesco Montebelli, Paolo Mercantini, Simone Sebastiani, Vincenzo Ziparo, Mario Ferri
PURPOSE: The standard approach to right colon cancer resection is still a matter of debate and includes laparoscopy, open midline incision, or open transverse incision. We aimed this study to compare the short- and long-term results of laparoscopic right-colectomy with those provided by the open approaches. METHODS: Of the 176 patients who underwent right-colectomy at our Department for nonmetastatic colon cancer, 40 patients treated by laparoscopy, 40 treated by transverse incisions, and 40 treated by midline incisions were selected and matched using the propensity score method...
December 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
P G Dinning, T C Sia, R Kumar, R Mohd Rosli, M Kyloh, D A Wattchow, L Wiklendt, S J H Brookes, M Costa, N J Spencer
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of slow transit constipation (STC) remains poorly understood, with intrinsic and extrinsic abnormalities implicated. Here, we present high-resolution colonic manometry recordings from four STC patients recorded before total colectomy, and subsequently, ex vivo, after excision. METHODS: In four female, treatment-resistant STC patients (median age 35.5 years), a fiber-optic manometry catheter (72 sensors spaced at 1 cm intervals) was placed with the aid of a colonoscope, to the mid-transverse colon...
June 9, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Choon Seng Chong, Jung Wook Huh, Bo Young Oh, Yoon Ah Park, Yong Beom Cho, Seong Hyeon Yun, Hee Cheol Kim, Woo Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: The type of surgery performed for primary transverse colon cancer varies based on tumor characteristics and surgeon perspective. The optimal oncological outcome following different surgical options has not been clearly established, and transverse colectomy has shown oncological equivalence only in small cohort studies. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare long-term oncological outcomes after transverse colectomy versus extended resection for transverse colon cancer...
July 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Brandon T Sawyer, Christopher J LaFargue, Robert E Bristow
OBJECTIVE: The completeness of primary cytoreductive surgery for Stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer is associated with greater progression free survival and overall survival Winter et al. (2008) [1]. Cytoreduction to no gross residual disease in patients with bulky upper abdominal disease presents significant surgical challenges, highlighting the importance of specialized and comprehensive surgical training in the treatment of advanced ovarian cancers Zivanovic et al. (2008) [2]. Extensive upper abdominal surgical procedures have shown to improve the ability to achieve cytoreduction to no gross residual disease Chi et al...
August 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Yolanda Quijano, Emilio Vicente, Benedetto Ielpo, Hipolito Duran, Eduardo Diaz, Isabel Fabra, Luis Malave, Valentina Ferri, Antonio Ferronetti, Carlos Plaza, Vito D'Andrea, Riccardo Caruso
The treatment of gastric cancer requires a multidisciplinary approach in which surgery plays the main role. The diffusion of minimally invasive surgery for gastric cancer treatment is limited by the complexity of performing an extended lymphadenectomy. This surgical step can be facilitated through the use of a robot-assisted system. To date, there are few published articles discussing a full robotic approach that precisely show the different surgical steps. The aim of this study is to describe our experience, surgical techniques and the short-term results of a consecutive series of full robotic gastrectomies using the Da Vinci Surgical System...
December 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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