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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240798/the-cost-of-comorbidities-in-treatment-for-hiv-aids-in-california
#1
David S Zingmond, Kodi B Arfer, Jennifer L Gildner, Arleen A Leibowitz
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy has increased longevity for people living with HIV (PLWH). As a result, PLWH increasingly experience the common diseases of aging and the resources needed to manage these comorbidities are increasing. This paper characterizes the number and types of comorbidities diagnosed among PLWH covered by Medicare and examines how non-HIV comorbidities relate to outpatient, inpatient, and pharmaceutical expenditures. METHODS: The study examined Medicare expenditures for 9767 HIV-positive Californians enrolled in Medicare in 2010 (7208 persons dually covered by Medicare and Medicaid and 2559 with Medicare only)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237024/comparative-analysis-of-neutropenia-in-patients-receiving-prolonged-treatment-with-ceftaroline
#2
R Brigg Turner, D Erin Wilson, Henry Saedi-Kwon, Eric Chang, Regina Won, Dominic Chan, Jacqueline Schwartz
Objectives: Ceftaroline is often used in durations greater than that studied in clinical trials. Several retrospective, non-comparative studies have suggested a higher than anticipated incidence of neutropenia in patients receiving prolonged treatment with ceftaroline. We sought to determine if ceftaroline was associated with neutropenia by comparing the incidence with ceftaroline treatment with treatment with several comparative antibiotics. Methods: Patients receiving 14 or more consecutive days of treatment with ceftaroline were compared with patients receiving cefazolin, daptomycin, linezolid, nafcillin or vancomycin (control group)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235927/risk-factors-for-hospital-death-in-conditions-needing-palliative-care-nationwide-population-based-death-certificate-study
#3
Barbara Gomes, Maria João Pinheiro, Sílvia Lopes, Maja de Brito, Vera P Sarmento, Pedro Lopes Ferreira, Henrique Barros
BACKGROUND: Most people would prefer to die at home as opposed to hospital; therefore, understanding mortality patterns by place of death is essential for health resources allocation. AIM: We examined trends and risk factors for hospital death in conditions needing palliative care in a country without integrated palliative care. DESIGN: This is a death certificate study. We examined factors associated with hospital death using logistic regression...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234938/impact-of-incisional-hernia-development-following-abdominal-operations-on-total-healthcare-cost
#4
Vamsi V Alli, Jianying Zhang, Dana A Telem
BACKGROUND: Introduction of the category III CPT code (0437T) for prophylactic mesh augmentation (PMA) highlights efforts to reduce incisional hernia (IH). PMA's value in the context of value-based care requires understanding both the cost of IH development and the savings from prevention. We hypothesized large healthcare costs with IH development. Appreciating which subsets of patients are at highest risk for IH, and the subsets who have the costliest care is essential in targeting interventions for hernia prevention...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234193/results-of-portosystemic-shunt-embolization-in-selected-patients-with-cirrhosis-and-recurrent-hepatic-encephalopathy
#5
Narendra S Choudhary, Sanjay Saran Baijal, Sanjiv Saigal, Amit Agarwal, Neeraj Saraf, Rohit Khandelwal, Vaibhav Jain, Anubhav Harish Khandelwal, Abhay Kapoor, Deepak Jain, Smurti R Misra, Rajesh Puri, Randhir Sud, Arvinder S Soin
Background: Large portosystemic shunts (PSSs) may lead to recurrent encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis and embolization of these shunts may improve encephalopathy. Material and methods: Five patients underwent balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) or plug-assisted retrograde transvenous obliteration (PARTO) of a large PSS at our center in last 2 years for recurrent hepatic encephalopathy (HE) at a tertiary care center at north India...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233630/higher-risk-of-renal-disease-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-antiviral-therapy-survival-benefit-in-patients-on-hemodialysis
#6
Jonas Söderholm, Charlotta Millbourn, Katharina Büsch, Jan Kövamees, Robert Schvarcz, Karin Lindahl, Annette Bruchfeld
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies have shown that chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection has a negative impact on kidney function, as well as survival, in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or on hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this nationwide registry study was to describe renal disease in Swedish CHC patients METHODS: In the present study, patients were identified for CHC (B18.2) and CKD (N18) according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 in the nationwide Swedish inpatient care day surgery (1997-2013) and non-primary outpatient care (2001-2013) patient registries...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230534/the-burden-of-comorbidity-and-complexity-in-sarcoidosis-impact-of-associated-chronic-diseases
#7
Pilar Brito-Zerón, Nihan Acar-Denizli, Antoni Sisó-Almirall, Xavier Bosch, Fernanda Hernández, Sergi Vilanova, Mireia Villalta, Belchin Kostov, Marina Paradela, Marcelo Sanchez, José Ramírez, Africa Muxí, Antonio Berruezo, Celeste Galceran-Chaves, Antoni Xaubet, Carles Agustí, Jacobo Sellarés, Manuel Ramos-Casals
PURPOSE: To evaluate comorbidity, complexity and poor outcomes in patients with sarcoidosis and to compare those scores with a control group. METHODS: 218 consecutive patients were diagnosed with sarcoidosis according to the ATS/ERS/WASOG criteria; extrathoracic involvement was evaluated using the 2014 WASOG organ assessment instrument. Sarcoidosis patients were compared with an age- and gender-matched control group of primary care outpatients without sarcoidosis...
December 11, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226070/economic-burden-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-among-elderly-patients-a-japanese-perspective
#8
Keiko Konomura, Hideaki Nagai, Manabu Akazawa
Background: This study aimed to estimate the economic burden of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) among elderly patients in Japan. In addition, the study evaluated the relationship between total treatment cost and CAP risk factors. Methods: An administrative database was searched for elderly patients (≥ 65 years old) who had pneumonia (ICD-10 code: J12-J18) and an antibiotic prescription between 1 June 2014 and 31 May 2015. The all-cause total healthcare costs of outpatient and inpatient CAP episodes were calculated...
2017: Pneumonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219920/the-fatty-liver-index-a-simple-and-accurate-predictor-of-colorectal-adenoma-in-an-average-risk-population
#9
Eun Young Ze, Beom Jin Kim, Dong Hwan Jun, Jae Gyu Kim, Hyun Kang, Dong Young Lee
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, is associated with increased risk of colorectal adenoma, a precursor of colorectal cancer. Because nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and colorectal adenoma share many common risk factors of metabolic syndrome, the association between these 2 pathological findings has been investigated in multiple studies, but the results have been conflicting. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the fatty liver index, a predictor of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and the prevalence of colorectal adenomas...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210840/conoscere-e-curare-il-cuore-1986-2016-how-the-heart-has-changed
#10
Alessandro Boccanelli
: The demographic transition, with longer life expectancy, is mainly due to prevention and care of atherosclerotic vascular and heart disease. The cardiovascular patient is now much older and often presents with coexisting geriatric syndromes that affect healthcare goals, outcomes, and the process of care. Numerous mechanisms at cellular level are responsible for cardiovascular aging such as replicative senescence, apoptosis, proteins misfolding, and inflammation. Aging-related modifications are increase in left-ventricular mass, increased left atrial size, myocardial collagen deposition, and calcium deposition in valvular structures and the coronary arteries...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206088/hepatic-venous-outflow-obstruction-after-living-donor-liver-transplant-single-center-experience
#11
Suleyman Koc, Sami Akbulut, Vural Soyer, Mehmet Yilmaz, Bora Barut, Ramazan Kutlu, Sezai Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we share our approach for care of patients with hepatic venous outlet obstruction after living-donor liver transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined the demographic, clinical, and radiologic data of 35 patients who developed hepatic venous outlet obstruction after living-donor liver transplant. Patients were subgrouped on the basis of onset (8 patients with early onset [< 30 days posttransplant] and 27 patients with late onset [≥ 30 days posttransplant]) and postoperative survival (24 survivors, 11 nonsurvivors)...
December 5, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205995/volume-and-health-outcomes-evidence-from-systematic-reviews-and-from-evaluation-of-italian-hospital-data
#12
Laura Amato, Danilo Fusco, Anna Acampora, Katia Bontempi, Alessandro Cesare Rosa, Paola Colais, Fabio Cruciani, Mariangela D'Ovidio, Francesca Mataloni, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova, Luigi Pinnarelli, Rosella Saulle, Salvatore Soldati, Chiara Sorge, Simona Vecchi, Martina Ventura, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND Improving quality and effectiveness of healthcare is one of the priorities of health policies. Hospital or physician volume represents a measurable variable with an impact on effectiveness of healthcare. An Italian law calls for the definition of «qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care». There is a need for an evaluation of the available scientific evidence in order to identify qualitative, structural, technological, and quantitative standards of hospital care, including the volume of care above or below which the public and private hospitals may be accredited (or not) to provide specific healthcare interventions...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204062/hepatitis-b-virus-outreach-to-immigrant-population-in-greater-boston-area-key-to-improving-hepatitis-b-knowledge
#13
Raissa Djoufack, Scarlett Se Yun Cheon, Aisha Mohamed, Fatou Faye, Korka Diouf, Richard Colvin, James Morrill, Ann-Marie Duffy-Keane, Ponni Perumalswami, Gonzague Jourdain, Dahlene Fusco
AIM: To characterize the understanding of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and determine if outreach improves HBV understanding among Greater Boston Area immigrants. METHODS: Six outreach sessions were held in various community venues in the Greater Boston Area. Verbal consent was obtained from participants prior to starting each session. Each session included a pre-session questionnaire, followed by a teaching session, and then a post-session questionnaire. In person interpreters were present for translation during the teaching session and assistance for questionnaire completion when needed...
November 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203974/deterministic-role-of-cea-and-msi-status-in-predicting-outcome-of-crc-patients-a-perspective-study-amongst-hospital-attending-eastern-indian-populations
#14
Banerjee Koyel, Das Priyabrata, Bhattacharya Rittwika, Dasgupta Swati, Mukhopadhyay Soma, Basak Jayasri, Mukhopadhyay Ashis
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is an important deterministic factor in predicting colorectal carcinoma (CRC) progression. It is also evident that microsatellite instability (MSI) which results in a hypermutable phenotype of genomic DNA is common in CRC. Owing to the scarcity of reports from India, our aim of this study was to understand the clinicopathological correlations of CEA status with surgery and chemotherapy, correlate the same with socio-demographic status of the patients, determine the MSI status amongst them and understand the prognostic implications of CEA and MSI as CRC progression marker amongst patients...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201768/prediction-of-sustained-virological-response-to-peginterferon-based-therapy-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-regression-analysis-of-a-cohort-from-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil
#15
Rafael V Picon, Lúcia Fendt, Karine Amaral, Paulo D Picon
Aim: Peginterferon plus ribavirin (peg-IFN/RBV) is still the standard of care for treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in many countries. Given the high toxicity of this regimen, our study aimed to develop a prediction tool that can identify which patients are unlikely to benefit from peg-IFN/RBV and could thus postpone treatment in favor of new-generation direct-acting antivirals. Materials and methods: Binary regression was performed using demographic, clinical, and laboratory covariates and sustained virological response (SVR) outcomes from a prospective cohort of individuals referred for therapy from 2003 to 2008 in a public HCV treatment center in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199808/how-to-identify-dress-drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms
#16
Piia Sarajärvi, Minna Kubin, Kaisa Tasanen, Laura Huilaja
DRESS (drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms) is a rare, severe multiorgan adverse drug reaction. Antiepileptic age's and antibiotics are the most frequently reported causative agents. Compared with other drug reactions, DRESS demonstrates a long latency period thus complicating recognition and diagnosis. DRESS is defined as presence of fever, skin eruption, hematologic abnormalities and systemic involvement, especially liver injury. Withdrawal of the culprit drug, commencement of systemic corticosteroid and supportive care are the mainstay of treatment...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199713/stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-experience-from-a-tertiary-cancer-care-center-in-india
#17
R Madhavan, B Kunher, M Arunlal, H M Nair, U G Unnikrishnan, R Holla, D Makuny
AIM: The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the toxicity and tumor response of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) protocol for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in our institution. BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular cancer is one of the leading cancers among men in India. In recent years, SBRT has emerged as a promising tool in the treatment of HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients diagnosed as HCC with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Stage B and C, treated with SBRT technique from January 2013 to December 2016, were included in this study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198698/successful-intravenous-immunoglobulin-treatment-in-pediatric-severe-dress-syndrome
#18
Nufar Marcus, Keren Smuel, Moran Almog, Dario Prais, Rachel Straussberg, Daniel Landau, Oded Scheuerman
BACKGROUND: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a rare, potentially life-threatening delayed drug-induced hypersensitivity reaction. The most frequently reported drugs causing DRESS are aromatic antiepileptic agents. Prompt withdrawal of the offending drug and administering systemic corticosteroids is the most widely accepted and used treatment. The treatment of severe DRESS not responsive to systemic corticosteroids is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe a case series of pediatric patients with DRESS who were treated successfully with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIGs)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197092/concomitant-psychiatric-and-non-alcohol-related-substance-use-disorders-among-hospitalized-patients-with-alcoholic-liver-disease-in-the-united-states
#19
Raxitkumar Jinjuvadia, Chetna Jinjuvadia, Pimpitcha Puangsricharoen, Naga Chalasani, David W Crabb, Suthat Liangpunsakul
BACKGROUND: Despite that the epidemiological studies on the comorbidity of alcohol misuse and psychiatric disorders have been studied, less is known about the magnitude of these disorders among patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Our aim was to determine the prevalence of psychiatric and substance use disorders among hospitalized ALD patients in the US. METHODS: We utilized a single level clinical classification software to identify patients with ALD and psychiatric/substance use disorders from the 2011 National Inpatient Sample data...
December 2, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190692/transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-after-stopping-sorafenib-therapy-for-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Yao-Kuang Huang, Chieh-Ling Yen, Sz-Iuan Shiu, Shou-Wu Lee, Pi-Yi Chang, Hong-Zen Yeh, Teng-Yu Lee
Targeted therapy is currently the standard treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but an effective treatment after the discontinuation of sorafenib therapy remains uncertain. We aim to investigate the survival benefits of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) after stopping sorafenib therapy. We retrospectively analyzed all patients with advanced HCC, who had received palliative TACE after terminating sorafenib therapy, from January 2008 to June 2016. Patients who were in the terminal stage (Child-Pugh class C or performance status 3-4), who received a liver transplantation, or who had received any HCC treatment other than TACE, were excluded...
2017: PloS One
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