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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453469/demographic-and-clinical-profile-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-central-nepal
#1
Subash Bhattarai, Merina Gyawali, Khus Raj Dewan, Gaurav Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Liver cirrhosis is an important health problem worldwide and is a common disease in Nepal. The profile of cirrhosis may vary due to different factors. This study was undertaken to see the demographic and clinical profiles of patients with cirrhosis of liver attending a tertiary care hospital in Central Nepal. METHODS: Six hundred patients with clinical features, laboratory and sonological findings suggestive of chronic liver dysfunction and endoscopic evidence of portal hypertension were included in the study...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452268/high-prevalence-of-liver-fibrosis-among-european-adults-with-unknown-liver-disease-a-population-based-study
#2
Llorenç Caballería, Guillem Pera, Ingrid Arteaga, Lluís Rodríguez, Alba Alumà, Rosa Ma Morillas, Napoleón de la Ossa, Alba Díaz, Carmen Expósito, Dolores Miranda, Carmen Sánchez, Rosa Ma Prats, Marta Urquizu, Angels Salgado, Magda Alemany, Alba Martinez, Irfan Majeed, Núria Fabrellas, Isabel Graupera, Ramón Planas, Isabel Ojanguren, Miquel Serra, Pere Torán, Juan Caballería, Pere Ginès
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Liver fibrosis is the main determinant of long-term outcome in chronic liver diseases. Little is known about prevalence of liver fibrosis in general population. Aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of liver fibrosis in general adult population with unknown liver disease. METHODS: Population-based, cross-sectional study, performed in Barcelona metropolitan area. Subjects aged 18-75yr were identified randomly from citizens included in primary health care registry...
February 13, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450749/an-analysis-of-the-clinical-laboratory-and-histological-features-of-striped-punctate-and-nodular-gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia
#3
Arul Thomas, David Koch, William Marsteller, David Lewin, Adrian Reuben
BACKGROUND: Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) commonly presents as linear striped ("watermelon stomach") or punctate phenotypes, to which a newly discovered nodular form was recently added. AIMS: We performed a retrospective cohort study to detail and compare the clinical and histological characteristics of major GAVE phenotypes. METHODS: In 136 GAVE patients (tertiary care ambulatory and inpatient, median age 61.3 years, 73 men, and 63 women), clinical and laboratory results were recorded, with comorbidities, endoscopy indications, and complications of cirrhosis...
February 15, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443647/system-level-health-care-integration-and-the-costs-of-cancer-care-across-the-disease-continuum
#4
Deborah R Kaye, Hye Sung Min, Edward C Norton, Zaojun Ye, Jonathan Li, James M Dupree, Chad Ellimoottil, David C Miller, Lindsey A Herrel
PURPOSE: Policy reforms in the Affordable Care Act encourage health care integration to improve quality and lower costs. We examined the association between system-level integration and longitudinal costs of cancer care. METHODS: We used linked SEER-Medicare data to identify patients age 66 to 99 years diagnosed with prostate, bladder, esophageal, pancreatic, lung, liver, kidney, colorectal, breast, or ovarian cancer from 2007 to 2012. We attributed each patient to one or more phases of care (ie, initial, continuing, and end of life) according to time from diagnosis until death or end of study interval...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440324/natural-history-clinical-manifestations-and-pathogenesis-of-hepatitis-a
#5
Eui-Cheol Shin, Sook-Hyang Jeong
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is transmitted by the fecal-oral route and is a major cause of acute viral hepatitis. The clinical manifestations of HAV infection range from asymptomatic infection to acute liver failure (ALF), but do not include progression to chronic hepatitis. Risk factors for severe acute hepatitis A are older age (>40 years) and preexisting liver disease. Some patients may show atypical clinical features such as relapsing hepatitis, prolonged cholestasis, or extrahepatic manifestations. Almost all hepatitis A patients spontaneously recover with supportive care...
February 12, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437306/clinical-predictors-of-ceftriaxone-resistance-in-microorganisms-causing-febrile-urinary-tract-infections-in-men
#6
Javier Ramos Lázaro, Alex Smithson, Neus Jovè Vidal, María Teresa Batida Vila
OBJECTIVES: Because of high rates of resistance to fluoroquinolones, ceftriaxone has become one of the main options for treating febrile urinary tract infection (FUTI). This study aimed to identify predictors of ceftriaxone resistance in community-acquired FUTIs in men. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional ambispective study enrolling men with FUTIs treated in the emergency department of a local area hospital in Spain. RESULTS: A total of 552 FUTI episodes were studied; 103 (18...
February 2018: Emergencias: revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433966/temporal-changes-in-liver-stiffness-after-fontan-operation-results-of-serial-magnetic-resonance-elastography
#7
Alexander Egbe, William R Miranda, Heidi M Connolly, Arooj R Khan, Mohamad Al-Otaibi, Sudhakar K Venkatesh, Douglas Simonetto, Patrick Kamath, Carole Warnes
BACKGROUND: The relationship between temporal progression of magnetic resonance elastography derived liver stiffness (MRE-LS) and progression of Fontan associated liver disease (FALD) is unknown. To assess this relationship, we hypothesized that progression of MRE-LS correlated with progression FALD severity and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective review of Fontan patients who had >1 liver MRE, 2010-2016. Annual change in MRE-LS was the quotient of the difference between baseline and subsequent MRE-LS, and the interval between scans...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428102/liver-trauma-what-current-management
#8
Mohamed Tarchouli, Mohamed Elabsi, Noureddine Njoumi, Mohamed Essarghini, Mahjoub Echarrab, Mohamed Rachid Chkoff
BACKGROUND: The liver is the most commonly damaged organ in abdominal trauma. The management of liver trauma has experienced many changes over the last two decades. Currently there is a trend toward a non-operative treatment warranted by the successful pediatric experience and better results recorded in many trauma centers worldwide. This study aimed to evaluate outcomes of operative and non-operative management of liver trauma in our institution over the last five years. METHODS: The patients with a diagnosis of blunt or penetrating liver injuries, admitted and managed in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively studied...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417356/evaluation-of-hepatitis-b-virus-screening-vaccination-and-linkage-to-care-among-newly-arrived-refugees-in-four-states-2009-2011
#9
Kiren Mitruka, Clelia Pezzi, Brittney Baack, Heather Burke, Jennifer Cochran, Jasmine Matheson, Kailey Urban, Marisa Ramos, Kathy Byrd
Many U.S.-bound refugees originate from countries with intermediate or high hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection prevalence and have risk for severe liver disease. We evaluated HBV screening and vaccination of newly arrived refugees in four states to identify program improvement opportunities. Data on HBV testing at domestic health assessments (1/1/2009-12/31/2011) were abstracted from state refugee health surveillance systems. Logistic regression identified correlates of infection. Over 95% of adults aged ≥19 years (N = 24,647) and 50% of children (N = 12,249) were tested...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410290/one-thousand-pediatric-liver-transplants-during-thirty-years-lessons-learned
#10
Robert S Venick, Douglas G Farmer, Jose R Soto, Jorge Vargas, Hasan Yersiz, Fady M Kaldas, Vatche G Agopian, Jonathan R Hiatt, Sue V McDiarmid, Ronald W Busuttil
BACKGROUND: Pediatric liver transplantation (pLTx) has been the standard of care for children with liver failure since the 1980s. This study examined the world's largest single-center experiences and aimed to identify unique pre-operative predictors of early graft and patient survival for primary (1º-pLTx) and re-transplantation (Re-pLTx). STUDY DESIGN: An IRB approved, retrospective study of all consecutive, isolated pLTx patients ≤ 18 years of age was conducted...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408915/comorbidity-profiles-of-psoriasis-in-taiwan-a-latent-class-analysis
#11
Chen-Yi Wu, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Chung-Pin Li, Yiing-Jeng Chou, Yun-Ting Chang
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is associated with many comorbidities. An understanding of these comorbidity patterns can help foster better care of patients with psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To identify the heterogeneity of psoriasis comorbidities using latent class analysis (LCA). METHODS: LCA was used to empirically identify psoriasis comorbidity patterns in a nationwide sample of 110,729 incident cases of psoriasis (2002-2012) from the National Health Insurance database in Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407630/low-molecular-weight-heparin-treatment-for-portal-vein-thrombosis-in-liver-cirrhosis-efficacy-and-the-risk-of-hemorrhagic-complications
#12
Jihyun Kwon, Youngil Koh, Su Jong Yu, Jung-Hwan Yoon
INTRODUCTION: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a well-known complication in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). The aim of this study is to investigate the outcomes of cirrhotic patients with PVT treated with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). METHOD: Ninety-one LC patients with PVT were treated with dalteparin or enoxaparin for six months. Patients with major bleeding during the last three months, severe thrombocytopenia, or impaired renal function were excluded...
February 1, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407309/clinical-implication-of-tests-for-prostate-specific-antigen-in-brain-dead-organ-donors
#13
G W Lee, J-M Lee, W J Lee, Y B Kim, Y G Min
BACKGROUND: Although cancer screening tests are not mentioned under brain-dead organ donor care guidelines in Korea, we assessed the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), an important prostate cancer marker, and performed prostate biopsies when needed in brain-dead organ donors. We believe that insisting on a screening test for cancer diagnosis in donors' organs is important. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected between January 2010 and July 2015 from Ajou University Hospital...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407306/short-term-results-of-liver-transplantation-with-octogenarian-donors
#14
L Gajate Martín, A Martín Grande, D Parise Roux, C González Cibrián, C Fernández Martín, M A Rodríguez Gandía, A López Buenadicha
BACKGROUND: There are increasingly more patients awaiting liver transplantation while the number of donors has remained stable. It has been proven that grafts from donors older than 60 years have comparable results with those from younger donors. It is unclear whether this is so with donors older than 80 years old. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all adult liver transplantations at our institution between March 2011 and December 2015. We compared 1-, 3-, 6-, and 12-month graft survival rates from donors <80 years and ≥80 years...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405671/light-sedation-with-dexmedetomidine-a-practical-approach-for-the-intensivist-in-different-icu-patients
#15
Stefano Romagnoli, Angela Amigoni, Ilaria Blangetti, Giampaolo Casella, Cosimo Chelazzi, Francesco Forfori, Cristiana Garisto, Maria C Mondardini, Marco Moltrasio, Daniela Pasero, Tiziana Principi, Zaccaria Ricci, Fabio Tarantino, Giorgio Conti
Light sedation, corresponding to a Richmond AgitationSedation Scale between 0 and 1 is a priority of modern critical care practice. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective, central, 2adrenoceptor agonist, is increasingly administered in the intensive care units (ICUs) as an effective drug to induce light sedation, analgesia and a quasiphysiological sleep in critically ill patients. Although in general dexmedetomidine is well tolerated, side effects as bradycardia, hypertension, and hypotension may occur. Although a general dosing range is suggested, different ICU patients may require different and highly precise titration that may significantly vary due to neurological status, cardiorespiratory function, baseline blood pressure, heart rate, liver efficiency, age and coadministration of other sedatives...
February 5, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404987/enhanced-recovery-via-peripheral-nerve-block-for-open-hepatectomy
#16
Lucas W Thornblade, Yongwoo D Seo, Tracy Kwan, Jane H Cardoso, Eric Pan, Gregory Dembo, Raymond S W Yeung, James O Park
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are now commonplace in many fields of surgery, but only limited data exists for their use in hepatobiliary surgery. We implemented standardized ERAS protocols for all open hepatectomies and replaced thoracic epidurals with a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing open hepatectomy during the 14 months before and 19 months after implementation of an ERAS protocol at our institution (January 2014-September 2016)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404475/idiosyncratic-drug-induced-liver-injury-a-short-review
#17
REVIEW
Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Katsunori Imai, Kosuke Mima, Shigeki Nakagawa, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Hideo Baba
Idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (iDILI) is a rare adverse drug reaction that occasionally leads to acute liver failure or even death. An aging population that uses more drugs, a constant influx of newly developed drugs, and a growing risk from herbal and dietary supplements of uncertain quality can lead to an increase in iDILI. Antimicrobials, central nervous system agents, and herbal and dietary supplements are the most common causes of iDILI in developed countries. iDILI is still a diagnosis of exclusion, and thus careful history taking and thorough work-ups for competing etiologies, such as acute viral hepatitis, autoimmune hepatitis, and others, are essential...
August 2017: Hepatology communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399279/predicting-early-outcomes-of-liver-transplantation-in-young-children-the-early-study
#18
Rashid Alobaidi, Natalie Anton, Dominic Cave, Elham Khodayari Moez, Ari R Joffe
AIM: To determine potentially modifiable predictors of early outcomes after liver transplantation in children of age < 3 years. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review including all consecutive children of age less than 3-years-old having had a liver transplant done at the Western Canadian referral center from June 2005 to June 2015. Pre-specified potential predictor variables and primary and secondary outcomes were recorded using standard definitions and a case report form...
January 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397624/-retrospective-analysis-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-breast-cancer-in-pregnancy
#19
F W Wang, S M Fu, Y C Jin, X H Gong, H D Cheng, K J Wu
Objective: To investigate the principles of diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy. Methods: Clinical data of patients with breast cancer during pregnancy admitted to Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University between January 2012 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 17 patients were diagnosed with breast cancer in pregnancy, the median age was 32 years (range from 25 to 45 years old), pathological staging revealed 2 patient with stage 0, 1 with stage Ⅱa, 7 with stage Ⅱb, 1 with stage Ⅲa, 2 with stage Ⅲc, 4 with stage Ⅳ...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395900/perceptions-of-quality-in-interventional-oncology
#20
Eric J Keller, Kristie Y Kennedy, Akash P Patel, Maja Ivanovic, Jeremy D Collins, Kent Sato, Bartley G Thornburg, Ahsun Riaz, Albert A Nemcek, Kush Desai, Robert J Lewandowski, Riad Salem, Robert L Vogelzang, Ryan Hickey
PURPOSE: To inductively characterize perceptions of quality in interventional oncology (IO) based on values and experiences of patients and referring providers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Brief ethnographic interviews were completed with referring providers and patients before and after a variety of liver-directed procedures about their experiences, concerns, and perceptions of IO services at a single institution. Constructivist grounded theory was used to systematically analyze interview transcripts for themes until thematic saturation was achieved...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
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