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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155328/mitochondrial-trna-leu-uur-c3275t-trna-gln-t4363c-and-trna-lys-a8343g-mutations-may-be-associated-with-pcos-and-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Yu Ding, Bo-Hou Xia, Cai-Juan Zhang, Guang-Chao Zhuo
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a very prevalent endocrine disease affecting reproductive women. Clinically, patients with this disorder are more vulnerable to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), cardiovascular events, as well as metabolic syndrome (MetS). To date, the molecular mechanism underlying PCOS remains largely unknown. Previously, we showed that mitochondrial dysfunction caused by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation was an important cause for PCOS. In the current study, we described the clinical and biochemical features of a three-generation pedigree with maternally transmitted MetS, combined with PCOS...
November 16, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152909/history-of-the-worldwide-emergence-of-kawasaki-disease
#2
Jane C Burns
Dr. Kawasaki saw his first case of the disease that would come to bear his name in 1961. His meticulous description of the clinical syndrome persists as the case definition to the present day. This review chronicles the emergence and recognition of Kawasaki disease in Asia and Western countries and articulates the old disease/new disease controversy.
November 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151369/fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-risk-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#3
Yue Tian, Lijun Su, Jiantao Wang, Xiaolin Duan, Xiubo Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Several epidemiological studies have been performed to evaluate the association of fruit and vegetable consumption with risk of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), but the results remain controversial. Thus, we conducted a systematic meta-analysis to assess the associations of fruit or/and vegetable consumption with risk of MetS, separately. DESIGN: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science databases up to July 2017 for relevant available articles. Pooled OR with 95 % CI were calculated with the fixed- or random-effects model...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151096/jumping-frenchmen-miryachit-and-latah-culture-specific-hyperstartle-plus-syndromes
#4
Douglas J Lanska
In the late 19th century, jumping (French Canadians in Maine, USA), miryachit (Siberia), and latah (Southeast Asia) were among a group of similar disorders described around the world, each of which manifests as an exaggerated startle response with additional late-response features that were felt by some to overlap with hysteria or tics. The later features following the exaggerated startle reaction variably include mimesis (e.g., echopraxia, echolalia) and automatic obedience. These reaction patterns tended to persist indefinitely in affected individuals...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142540/clinical-audit-of-dengue-related-deaths-in-2011-mayo-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#5
Somia Iqtadar, Nabeel Akbar, Mehreen Mehmood, Sajid Abaidullah
Background and Objective: Dengue infection has evolved into an epidemic during last few years in Pakistan and has been associated with poor outcomes. Literature with respect to mortality risk factors in Dengue infection is not sufficient. This compelled us to conduct this study to find out major contributory factors to death in patients with dengue viral infection at one of Asia's ancient hospital setting with an aim to recognize complications at earliest and improve case management in future...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138607/evaluation-of-sleep-profile-in-schizophrenia-patients-treated-with-extended-release-paliperidone-an-open-label-prospective-study-in-southeast-asia
#6
Ronnachai Kongsakon, Nuntika Thavichachart, Ka Fai Chung, Leslie Lim, Beverly Azucena, Elizabeth Rondain, Benson Go, Fe Costales, Osot Nerapusee
Objective: To evaluate the effect of 6 months of treatment with paliperidone extended-release (ER) tablets on the sleep profile of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A total of 984 patients meeting the The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for schizophrenia who switched their antipsychotic to paliperidone ER were recruited from 61 sites in five countries in Southeast Asia. We recorded patient demographics and assessed sleep quality and daytime drowsiness using visual analog scales...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132978/intensive-care-in-severe-malaria-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Dilip R Karnad, Mohd Basri Mat Nor, Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Pravin Amin
Severe malaria is common in tropical countries in Africa, Asia, Oceania and South and Central America. It may also occur in travelers returning from endemic areas. Plasmodium falciparum accounts for most cases, although P vivax is increasingly found to cause severe malaria in Asia. Cerebral malaria is common in children in Africa, manifests as coma and seizures, and has a high morbidity and mortality. In other regions, adults may also develop cerebral malaria but neurological sequelae in survivors are rare...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111614/has-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-impacted-termination-of-pregnancy-and-live-birth-rates-of-infants-with-down-syndrome
#8
Melissa Hill, Angela Barrett, Mahesh Choolani, Celine Lewis, Jane Fisher, Lyn S Chitty
BACKGROUND: Implementation of non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) as a highly accurate aneuploidy screening test has raised questions around whether the high uptake may result in more terminations of pregnancies and fewer births of children with Down Syndrome (DS). AIM: Investigate the impact of NIPT on termination and live birth rates for DS. METHODS: Literature reporting pregnancy outcomes following NIPT was reviewed. Termination rates were calculated for women with a high-risk NIPT result for DS...
November 7, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108188/-definition-and-diagnosis-of-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-new-knowledge-and-implication
#9
W T Tan, G H Deng
Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a common critical and severe syndrome in patients with chronic liver diseases in China and other countries in the Asia-Pacific region. In recent years, both the Eastern and Western experts have defined ACLF as a new type of liver disease manifesting as a high 28-day mortality rate (>30%) and extensive systematic inflammatory response. ACLF has become a hot topic in the field of liver diseases. This article reviews the research advances in the definition and etiological spectrum of ACLF and discusses the inspirations of such new knowledge for future research...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103681/phenotypic-characterization-of-a-highly-pathogenic-italian-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-prrsv-type-1-subtype-1-isolate-in-experimentally-infected-pigs
#10
Elena Canelli, Alessia Catella, Paolo Borghetti, Luca Ferrari, Giulia Ogno, Elena De Angelis, Attilio Corradi, Benedetta Passeri, Valeria Bertani, Giampietro Sandri, Paolo Bonilauri, Frederick C Leung, Stefano Guazzetti, Paolo Martelli
Highly pathogenic (HP) isolates of the PRRS virus started emerging in North America and Asia in the late 1990s. More recently, they have emerged in Europe. These isolates are characterized by high viral loads, severe general clinical signs and high mortality, in sows, weaners and growers. Their genome shows a discontinuous aminoacids deletion in the non-structural protein 2 (NSP2). The present study was aimed at characterizing the clinical, pathological and immunological features of a highly pathogenetic, Italian PRRSV-1 subtype 1 isolate (PRRSV1_PR40/2014), following experimental infection in conventional 4-weeks-old pigs...
October 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096526/establishment-of-an-antiviral-assay-system-and-identification-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-inhibitors
#11
Masanori Baba, Masaaki Toyama, Norikazu Sakakibara, Mika Okamoto, Naomichi Arima, Masayuki Saijo
Aims Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne infectious disease. SFTS is epidemic in Asia, and its fatality rate is around 30% in Japan. The causative virus severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) is a phlebovirus of the family Phenuiviridae (the order Bunyavirales). Although effective treatments are required, there are no antiviral agents currently approved for clinical use. Ribavirin and favipiravir were examined for their anti-SFTSV activity and found to be selective inhibitors of SFTSV replication in vitro...
November 3, 2017: Antiviral Chemistry & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094604/ticagrelor-versus-clopidogrel-in-east-asian-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#12
Bin Wu, Houwen Lin, Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Le Zhang, Ben He
AIM: To determine whether ticagrelor or clopidogrel provides the best outcomes for East-Asian patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). MATERIALS & METHODS: Identification and interrogation of electronic databases through 26 July 2016 revealed fully randomized and controlled trials wherein primary efficacy end points were major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause death among East-Asian patients with ACS. Major bleeding and noncoronary artery bypass grafts major bleeding were primary safety end points...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080708/classification-of-cough-as-a-symptom-in-adults-and-management-algorithms-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#13
Richard S Irwin, Cynthia L French, Anne B Chang, Kenneth W Altman
BACKGROUND: We performed systematic reviews using the population, intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO) format to answer the following key clinical question: Are the CHEST 2006 classifications of acute, subacute and chronic cough and associated management algorithms in adults that were based on durations of cough useful? METHODS: We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel's protocol for the systematic reviews and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework...
November 9, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062654/autoimmune-syndrome-induced-by-adjuvants-asia-after-silicone-breast-augmentation-surgery
#14
Daniel Nunes E Silva, Cíntia Gründler, Maria das Graças de Melo Teixeira Spengler, Alex Magno Coelho Horimoto, Mariana Albuquerque Machado, Isadora Carvalho Frazão, Luiz Carlos Takita
Generally, the main complications of silicone implantation are local symptoms. However, some patients develop late-onset systemic symptoms often associated with a rare form of hyperactive immune response, as part of a syndrome known as autoimmune syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA). Reported cases of ASIA have shown resolution with explantation, but not with immunomodulatory therapy. In this report, we described a case of a previously healthy 23-year-old woman, who has undergone silicone breast implant augmentation, for aesthetic reasons, and developed localized cutaneous impairment 3 years postsurgery...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062550/first-cytogenetic-profile-of-omani-patients-with-de-novo-myelodysplastic-syndromes-comparison-with-data-from-asia-africa-europe-and-north-and-south-america
#15
Achandira M Udayakumar, Nagla Fawaz, Anil Pathare, Shakila Asraf, Mohammed Al-Huneini, Khalil Al-Farsi, Salam Al-Kindi, Murtadha Al-Khabouri
Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities have been reported among 30-80% of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS); however, 20-70% of patients with MDS show a normal karyotype that may nevertheless harbour a cryptic genetic alteration. Earlier reports have suggested that the distribution of specific chromosomal aberrations varies among Western and Asian countries, with geographical and ethnic differences in the frequency of specific chromosomal aberrations. This article compared the cytogenetic data of 36 adult Omani patients with MDS to previously reported data from other populations...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060439/design-of-an-mhealth-system-for-maternal-and-children-hiv-care
#16
Allya P Koesoema, Arni Ariani, Yoke S Irawan, Soegijardjo Soegijoko
While progress has been made to slow down its spread and increase uptake of treatment, human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is still a highly significant health problem for many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Specifically, almost half of new HIV patients in Asia Pacific were children. The prevention of mother-to-child transmission faces complex socioeconomic and other problems. With the increasing growth of mobile technologies in LMICs, especially in Asia Pacific, mHealth, the application of mobile technology for health applications, has a significant potential to help alleviate these problems...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058732/selenium-mediated-arsenic-excretion-in-mammals-a-synchrotron-based-study-of-whole-body-distribution-and-tissue-specific-chemistry
#17
Olena Ponomarenko, Paul F La Porte, Satya P Singh, George Langan, David E B Fleming, Julian E Spallholz, Mohammad Alauddin, Habibul Ahsan, Selim Ahmed, Jürgen Gailer, Graham N George, Ingrid J Pickering
Arsenicosis, a syndrome caused by ingestion of arsenic contaminated drinking water, currently affects millions of people in South-East Asia and elsewhere. Previous animal studies revealed that the toxicity of arsenite essentially can be abolished if selenium is co-administered as selenite. Although subsequent studies have provided some insight into the biomolecular basis of this striking antagonism, many details of the biochemical pathways that ultimately result in the detoxification and excretion of arsenic using selenium supplements have yet to be thoroughly studied...
November 15, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044021/-asia-syndrome-breast-implant-and-still-s-disease
#18
Cristhian Armenteros, Andrea Odzak, Florencia Arcondo, Marcela De Dios Soler, Tatiana Sinigier, Marcelo Zylberman
Connective tissue diseases associated with silicone breast implants have been widely discussed. In the last decade, siliconosis has been included in the autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) next to Gulf War syndrome, macrophage myofascitis and postvaccination phenomena. The ASIA syndrome may appear as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or more rarely, as adult Still's disease. We discuss the case of a patient with prolonged fever and clinical criteria for ASIA and Still's disease. The prostheses were resected and pathology showed absence of breast implant associated anaplastic lymphoma ALK (-)...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043611/quantifying-anthropogenic-threats-to-orchids-using-the-iucn-red-list
#19
Jenna Wraith, Catherine Pickering
Orchids are diverse, occur in a wide range of habitats and dominate threatened species lists, but which orchids are threatened, where and by what? Using the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List, we assessed the range and diversity of threats to orchids globally including identifying four threat syndromes: (1) terrestrial orchids in forests that are endemic to a country and threatened by illegal collecting; (2) orchids threatened by climate change, pollution, transportation and disturbance/development for tourism, and recreation activities, often in East Asia; (3) epiphytic orchids in Sub-Saharan Africa including Madagascar with diverse threats; and (4) South and Southeast Asia orchids threatened by land clearing for shifting agriculture...
October 17, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035975/breath-hydrogen-testing-in-east-and-southeast-asia
#20
Chu Kion Yao, Natural Hoi Sing Chu, Victoria Ping Yi Tan
Breath hydrogen tests are popular, noninvasive tests for the assessment of carbohydrate fermentation in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD). There is limited information regarding the utility of breath hydrogen and methane tests in IBS and FD patients in East and Southeast Asia. This review aims to summarize current literature about common indications of breath testing in this region, the genesis of functional gastrointestinal symptoms by provocative breath testing and provide suggestions for correct use...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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