Read by QxMD icon Read

sdr newborn

Masayuki Ochiai, Yuki Matsushita, Hirosuke Inoue, Takeshi Kusuda, Dongchon Kang, Kiyoshi Ichihara, Naoki Nakashima, Kenji Ihara, Shouichi Ohga, Toshiro Hara
Preterm low-birth-weight infants remain difficult to manage based on adequate laboratory tests. The aim of this study was to establish blood reference intervals (RIs) in those newborns who were admitted to and survived in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). A multicenter prospective study was conducted among all infants admitted to 11 affiliated NICUs from 2010 to 2013. The clinical information and laboratory data were registered in a network database designed for this study. The RIs for 26 items were derived using the parametric method after applying the latent abnormal values exclusion method...
2016: PloS One
Mehrdad Shakiba, Ali Pahloosye, Mehrdad Mirouliaei, Zia Islami
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D deficiency is common in pregnant women, and supplementation of vitamin D is necessary for the infants of these women. This study explored the efficacy of an alternative way of vitamin D supplementation in an area with a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in mothers. METHODS: This was a non-randomised clinical trial conducted in 2010 in Yazd, Iran. Full-term healthy infants born to vitamin D-deficient mothers (n = 82) were divided into the high-dose regimen (HDR; single oral bolus 30,000 IU vitamin D3, n = 34) and the standard-dose regimen (SDR; 400 IU/day vitamin D3 within two weeks of life, n = 48) groups...
May 2014: Singapore Medical Journal
Malgorzata Pikala, Marek Bryla, Pawel Bryla, Irena Maniecka-Bryla
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is the analysis of years of life lost due to external causes of death, particularly due to traffic accidents and suicides. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study material includes a database containing information gathered from 376,281 death certificates of inhabitants of the Lodz province who died between 1999 and 2010. The Lodz province is characterized by the highest mortality rates in Poland. The SEYLLp (Standard Expected Years of Life Lost per living person) and the SEYLLd (per death) indices were used to determine years of life lost...
2014: PloS One
S Laribi, A Aouba, M Resche-Rigon, H Johansen, M Eb, F W Peacock, J Masip, J A Ezekowitz, A Cohen-Solal, E Jougla, P Plaisance, A Mebazaa
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, cardiovascular diseases and cancer account for ∼40% of deaths. Certain reports have shown a progressive decrease in mortality. Our main objective was to assess mortality trends related to myocardial infarction (MI), heart failure (HF) and pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: MI, HF and PE were studied as cause of death based on the analysis of death certificates in Canada (C), England and Wales (E), France (F) and Sweden (S). We also used a multiple cause approach...
October 2014: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
R R Johnson, S Maldonado Bouchard, T W Prentice, P Bridegam, F Rassu, C R Young, A J Steelman, T H Welsh, C J Welsh, M W Meagher
Previous research has shown that neonatal handling has prolonged protective effects associated with stress resilience and aging, yet little is known about its effect on stress-induced modulation of infectious disease. We have previously demonstrated that social disruption stress exacerbates the acute and chronic phases of the disease when applied prior to Theiler's virus infection (PRE-SDR) whereas it attenuates disease severity when applied concurrently with infection (CON-SDR). Here, we asked whether neonatal handling would protect adult mice from the detrimental effects of PRE-SDR and attenuate the protective effects of CON-SDR on Theiler's virus infection...
August 2014: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Eleina Mijares, María Cecilia Pérez Abalo, Didiesdle Herrera, Agustin Lage, Mayrim Vega
OBJECTIVE: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) methodology was used to compare the performance of different statistics in the automatic detection of multiple auditory steady-state responses (MSSR) and click auditory brainstem responses (cABR). STUDY SAMPLE: Thirty-five healthy newborns tested within the first two weeks of birth. DESIGN: In each case cABR and MSSR (0.5 and 2 kHz) were recorded with and without acoustic stimulation, using AUDIX equipment...
January 2013: International Journal of Audiology
Maria P Fantini, Jacopo Lenzi, Giuseppe Franchino, Cristina Raineri, Alessandra Burgio, Luisa Frova, Gianfranco Domenighetti, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani
BACKGROUND: Mortality amenable to health-care services ('amenable mortality') has been defined as "premature deaths that should not occur in the presence of timely and effective health care" and as "conditions for which effective clinical interventions exist." We analyzed the regional variability in health-care services using amenable mortality as a performance indicator. Convergent validity was examined against other indicators, such as health expenditure, GDP per capita, life expectancy at birth, disability-free life expectancy at age 15, number of diagnostic and laboratory tests per 1,000 inhabitants, and the prevalence of cancer and cardiovascular diseases...
2012: BMC Health Services Research
Sebastian Grunt, Jules G Becher, Petra van Schie, Willem J R van Ouwerkerk, Mazarin Ahmadi, R Jeroen Vermeulen
PURPOSE: To identify MRI characteristics that may predict the functional effect of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) in children with bilateral spastic paresis. METHODS: We performed SDR in a group of 36 patients. The gross motor functioning measure-66 (GMFM-66) was applied before and after SDR. Available cerebral MRIs were retrospectively classified into three diagnostic groups: periventricular leucomalacia (PVL; n = 10), hydrocephalus (n = 2), and normal (n = 6)...
February 2010: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Yue Lin, Ru Wang, Xin Wang, Rui-Rong He, Yu-Ming Wu
OBJECTIVE: To study the central role of ginkgolide B (BN52021) in regulating cardiovascular function of nerve center by examining the effects of ginkgolide B on the electrical activity of rat paraventricular nucleus (PVN) neurons in hypothalamic slice preparation and to elucidate the mechanism involved. METHODS: Extracellular single-unit discharge recording technique. RESULTS: (1) In response to the application of ginkgolide B (0.1, 1, 10 micromol/L; n = 27) into the perfusate for 2 min, the spontaneous discharge rates (SDR) of 26 (26/27, 96...
December 2008: Neuroscience Bulletin
Elliott M Paletz, Jeremy J Day, Margaret C Craig-Schmidt, M Christopher Newland
Fish contain essential long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 (or n-3) PUFA, but are also the main source of exposure to methylmercury (MeHg), a potent developmental neurotoxicant. Since n-3 PUFAs support neural development and function, benefits deriving from a diet rich in n-3s have been hypothesized to protect against deleterious effects of gestational MeHg exposure. To determine whether protection occurs at the behavioral level, female Long-Evans rats were exposed, in utero, to 0, 0...
July 2007: Neurotoxicology
Faustino Torrico, Cristina Alonso-Vega, Eduardo Suarez, Patricia Rodríguez, Mary-Cruz Torrico, Michele Dramaix, Carine Truyens, Yves Carlier
In Bolivia, the prevalence of infection by T. cruzi in women in fertile age can vary between 20 and 60%. The present study made in the Maternity Germin Urquidi of Cochabamba - Bolivia, it has demonstrated, that 19.9% of the mothers who go to this hospitable center to be taken care of in the childbirth, they are carrying of the infection and that 4,6% of them, they are going to transmit, by transplacentaria route, the infection to its babies. Of the 71 children born with congenital Chagas, only 47,8 % present/display some type of alteration or of development(Apgar to 1 minute low, BPN, prematuridad, pathological dismadurez) or signs (SDR, hepatomegalia, esplenomegalia, neurological signs, cardiomegalia, anasarca, petequias)...
2005: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Yule Liu, Brenda Ames, Elena Gorovits, Bradley D Prater, Peter Syribeys, John H Vernachio, Joseph M Patti
Staphylococcus capitis (S. capitis) has been implicated in a large proportion of coagulase-negative staphylococcal infections in very-low-birth-weight infants. To identify potential therapeutic targets, the S. capitis genome was probed for the presence of genes encoding microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules (MSCRAMM). By using Southern blot analysis, an S. capitis gene, designated sdrX, that contained sequence motifs consistent with the Sdr family of MSCRAMM proteins was identified...
November 2004: Infection and Immunity
Ayako Higuchi, Masao Hagihara, Naoko Tsumuraya, Balgansuren Gansuvd, Shunichi Kato, Tomomitsu Hotta
HLAs are membrane bound (membrane HLA mHLA) or secreted as soluble forms(soluble HLA = sHLA) in plasma or serum. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) mHLA, from mononuclear cells (MNCs), and sHLA were quantified by flow cytometry and enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA), respectively, and compared to levels of MNC-mHLA and sHLA in adult peripheral blood (PB). The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of mHLA-I was 3-fold lower in UCB-MNCs than in adult PB-MNCs, however, due to higher cell numbers in UCB, total mHLA-I quantities per ml of blood were not different in UCB and adult PB...
April 2003: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
M Lloyd-Williams, T S Williams
The article describes an investigation into the use of artificial neural networks for the analysis of health information. The Kohonen self-organizing map technique was used to group 39 European countries according to data extracted from the World Health Organization's Health for All database. The groups were seen to exhibit significantly different characteristics with respect to life expectancy, probability of dying before 5 years of age, infant mortality rate, standardized death rate (SDR) for diseases of the circulatory system, and SDR for external causes of injury and poisoning...
November 1996: Topics in Health Information Management
M Okajima, L Newell-Morris
Development of the dermal ridges in volar skin was investigated in 28 pigtailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) fetuses of known gestational age, ranging from 51 days postconception to newborn. Histology, scanning electron microscopy, and staining of the abraded dermal surface were used in the study. Morphological features of the dermal-epidermal system and their changes with advancing age are described. Chronology was established for stages in the development of the volar skin, i.e., the differentiation of the primary and secondary epidermal ridges (PER and SER) at the undersurface of the epidermis corresponding to the formation of primary and secondary dermal ridges (PDR and SDR) and the development of the dermal papillae...
December 1988: American Journal of Anatomy
I Rodríguez-Balderrama, E Udaeta-Mora, L E Cardiel-Marmolejo, F Vargas-Quintal, L Fernández-Carrocera
One hundred and five very low birth weight neonates, selected through convenience sampling during 1989, were subdivided into those who received mechanical ventilation (MCV) and those who did not receive mechanical ventilation (W/O MCV) and later analyzed. The maternal morbidity in both groups were very similar; 66 of the cases were placed in group MCV and 39 in the W/O MCV. There were differences in birth weight, gestational age, severe asphyxia and hospital stay in the patients with MCV. The neonatal morbidity (SDR, intraventricular hemorrhaging, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, etc...
January 1992: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"