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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471561/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children
#1
Jake P Mann, Luca Valenti, Eleonora Scorletti, Christopher D Byrne, Valerio Nobili
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, a progressive form of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is one of the most common hepatic diseases in children who present with particular risk factors including obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and/or a predisposing genetic background. The worldwide prevalence of NAFLD in children is a worrying phenomenon because this disease is closely associated with the development of both cirrhosis and cardiometabolic syndrome in adulthood. To date, the etiopathogenesis of primary NAFLD in children is unknown...
February 2018: Seminars in Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471069/what-s-technology-cooking-up-a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-technology-in-adolescent-food-literary-programs
#2
REVIEW
Catherine A Wickham, Elena T Carbone
Over one-third of adolescents are overweight or obese. Food literacy (FL), the ability to plan and manage, select, prepare, and eat healthy foods, is a contemporary concept that provides a mechanism to understand the relationship between food-related knowledge and skills and dietary intake. Innovative interventions which focus on the core concepts of FL and include generationally appropriate technology have the potential to provide positive impact on the dietary habits of adolescents. This systematic review followed PRISMA guidelines and employed the Downs and Black criteria for rating studies...
February 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471012/pediatric-fatty-liver-disease-pefld-all-is-not-nafld-pathophysiological-insights-and-approach-to-management
#3
REVIEW
Robert Hegarty, Maesha Deheragoda, Emer Fitzpatrick, Anil Dhawan
The recognition of a pattern of steatotic liver injury where histology mimicked alcoholic liver disease but alcohol consumption was denied, led to the identification of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease has since become the most common chronic liver disease in adults owing to the global epidemic of obesity. However, in pediatrics, the term NAFLD seems incongruous: alcohol consumption is largely not a factor and inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) can mimic or co-exist with a diagnosis of NAFLD...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470128/human-subcutaneous-tissue-response-to-glucose-sensors-macrophages-accumulation-impact-on-sensor-accuracy
#4
Mercedes Rigla, Belén Pons, Pere Rebasa, Alexis Luna, Francisco Javier Pozo, Assumpta Caixàs, Maria Villaplana, David Subías, Maria Rosa Bella, Neus Combalia
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous (s.c.) glucose sensors have become a key component in type 1 diabetes management. However, their usability is limited by the impact of foreign body response (FBR) on their duration, reliability, and accuracy. Our study gives the first description of human acute and subacute s.c. response to glucose sensors, showing the changes observed in the sensor surface, the inflammatory cells involved in the FBR and their relationship with sensor performance. METHODS: Twelve obese patients (seven type 2 diabetes) underwent two abdominal biopsies comprising the surrounding area where they had worn two glucose sensors: the first one inserted 7 days before and the second one 24 h before biopsy procedure...
February 22, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468378/achalasia-patients-are-at-nutritional-risk-regardless-of-presenting-weight-category
#5
Carolyn Newberry, Ravy K Vajravelu, Octavia Pickett-Blakely, Gary Falk, Yu Xiao Yang, Kristle L Lynch
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is an esophageal motor disorder that leads to swallowing dysfunction and weight loss. Nutritional risk in achalasia patients is not well defined. AIMS: The aims of this study were to define baseline body mass index (BMI), changes in weight, and nutritional risk over time in a large cohort of achalasia patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of achalasia patients at a tertiary care center with documented BMI, symptom severity as per Eckardt score, and nutritional risk assessment as per the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, which considers BMI, degree of recent weight loss, and acuity of disease...
February 22, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468090/the-role-of-bmi-in-hip-fracture-surgery
#6
Sheriff D Akinleye, Garret Garofolo, Maya Deza Culbertson, Peter Homel, Orry Erez
Introduction: Obesity is an oft-cited cause of surgical morbidity and many institutions require extensive supplementary screening for obese patients prior to surgical intervention. However, in the elderly patients, obesity has been described as a protective factor. This article set out to examine the effect of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes and morbidity after hip fracture surgery. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for all patients undergoing 1 of 4 surgical procedures to manage hip fracture between 2008 and 2012...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467992/obesity-an-enemy-of-male-fertility-a-mini-review
#7
REVIEW
Mohamed Ahmed Abd El Salam
Obesity is a highly prevalent non-communicable disease worldwide and is commonly associated with male infertility. Several etiopathological theories have been mentioned in the literature by which obesity affects spermatogenesis, thus affecting the male fertility potential. Mechanisms for explaining the effect of obesity on male infertility include endocrinopathy, increased aromatization activity, associated erectile dysfunction, psychological and thermal effects, obstructive sleep apnea, increased leptin and oxygen free radicals, and associated inflammatory and obstructive elements of epididymitis...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467914/comprehensive-review-and-case-study-on-the-management-of-buried-penis-syndrome-and-related-panniculectomy
#8
Hadley Burns, J Stephen Gunn, Saeed Chowdhry, Thomas Lee, Steven Schulz, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Objective: This paper discusses the various surgical techniques and outcomes associated with management of buried penis syndrome. Methods: Presented is the case of a 49-year-old man with morbid obesity, leading to massive panniculus and buried penis. We review our technique for reconstruction of the buried penis and treatment of the overlying large panniculus. Literature search was conducted to review current techniques in correcting buried penis syndrome. Results: The patient underwent a successful panniculectomy with removal of all excess skin and tissue...
2018: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466516/-infoxication-in-health-health-information-overload-on-the-internet-and-the-risk-of-important-information-becoming-invisible
#9
Marcelo D Agostino, Felipe Medina Mejía, Myrna Martí, David Novillo-Ortiz, Flavio Hazrum, Federico G de Cosío
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to: 1) raise awareness of the volume of quality health information on the Internet; 2) explore perceptions of information professionals with regard to the use of qualified sources for health decision-making; and 3) make recommendations that facilitate strengthening health worker capacities and institutional competencies related to digital literacy. METHODS: A non-experimental, descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of 32 information professionals from nine countries...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465440/obesity-management-in-the-liver-transplant-recipient-the-role-of-bariatric-surgery
#10
Keisha Bonner, Julie K Heimbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The epidemic of obesity is having a marked impact on liver transplant candidates and recipients, and optimal approach for the obese liver transplant patient is not yet defined. The current review summarizes the role of bariatric surgery in obese liver transplant patients. RECENT FINDINGS: NASH is now the second most common indication for listing for liver transplantation and is the third most common reason for patients undergoing liver transplantation...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465151/pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-some-evidence-from-italy
#11
D Nucci, M Chiavarini, E Duca, L Pieroni, L Salmasi
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese women present an increased risk of poor maternal and child health outcomes. The aim of this paper is to analyze the joint effects of pre-pregnancy body mass index and inadequate gestational weight gain on birth weight and gestational age in an Italian sample of pregnant women. METHODS: Data were obtained from a sample of about 2,000 pregnant women at the University Teaching Hospital of Perugia University (Italy) in 2013. We used the revised classification proposed by Institute of Medicine to identify gestational weight gains considered as appropriate...
March 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464967/the-familias-saludables-partnership-engaging-the-latino-community-to-address-early-childhood-obesity
#12
Darcy A Thompson, Deborah A Federspiel
Darcy A Thompson is an Associate Professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Her main research seeks to address early childhood obesity in low-income children. She works in the Lifestyle Medicine clinic at Children's Hospital Colorado, a clinic focused on caring for children with obesity and related comorbidities. She is also an Associate Medical Director for the Research Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado. Her training includes a Master of Public Health degree, a medical degree (Yale University) and the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Fellowship (University of Washington)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464537/correction-to-recommendations-from-two-citizens-juries-on-the-surgical-management-of-obesity
#13
P A Scuffham, R Krinks, K Chalkidou, P Littlejohns, J A Whitty, A Wilson, P Burton, E Kendall
The spelling of the name of author K. Chalkidou was incorrect in the original article. It is correct here.
February 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464536/a-specialized-medical-management-program-to-address-post-operative-weight-regain-in-bariatric-patients
#14
Gitanjali Srivastava, Cynthia Buffington
INTRODUCTION: Although bariatric surgery results in massive weight loss, weight regain over time up to as much as 25% is not uncommon. Weight regain in this population often leads to long-term weight loss failure and non-compliance in clinical follow-up and program recommendations. METHODS: We analyzed early weight outcomes at 3 and 6 months of 48 bariatric patients referred to an individualized, multidisciplinary medical management program at the Center for Obesity Medicine (COM) to address weight regain in 2015 and compared to a group of matched non-bariatric patients...
February 20, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464347/dietary-carbohydrate-rather-than-protein-intake-drives-colonic-microbial-fermentation-during-weight-loss
#15
S W Gratz, S Hazim, A J Richardson, L Scobbie, A M Johnstone, C Fyfe, G Holtrop, G E Lobley, W R Russell
PURPOSE: High protein weight loss diets are effective in aiding body weight management. However, high protein and low carbohydrate intakes can alter colonic fermentation profiles in humans and may impact on colonic health. This study aims to identify the most important dietary contributors to colonic fermentation during diet-controlled weight loss. METHODS: Overweight or obese male volunteers (n = 18) consumed a body weight maintenance diet (fed at 1.5× basic metabolic rate, BMR) followed by three weight loss diets (fed at 1× BMR) for 10 days each in a cross-over design...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464231/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-routinely-weighing-patients-in-general-practice-to-aid-weight-management
#16
Andrew Bonney, Duncan MacKinnon, Stephen Barnett, Darren J Mayne, Bridget Dijkmans-Hadley, Karen Charlton
BACKGROUND: The optimal role of general practice in population weight management remains unclear. The aim of this mixed-methods study was to test the feasibility of routinely weighing all adult patients attending their general practice as an intervention to aid weight management in clinical practice. METHODS: Consenting patients in six general practices were weighed at each presentation over a 12-month period. Data were analysed using linear mixed growth models...
December 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464229/management-of-bariatric-patients-beyond-the-scalpel
#17
Natasha Yates, Victor Liew, Jen-Mari Mouton, Jenne Turner, Amanda White, Jack Smith
BACKGROUND: Obesity management in general practice sometimes involves referral of patients for bariatric surgery. Integral to the success of long-term weight loss maintenance is supporting the patient's psychological, nutritional and exercise needs. OBJECTIVE: This article is written to equip general practitioners (GPs) to manage the comprehensive needs, before and after bariatric surgery, of patients who are obese. DISCUSSION: The number of patients undergoing bariatric surgery in Australia has increased significantly in the past few years...
December 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463487/users-uses-and-effects-of-social-media-in-dietetic-practice-scoping-review-of-the-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#18
REVIEW
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Annie Lapointe, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Social media platforms are increasingly used by registered dietitians (RDs) to improve knowledge translation and exchange in nutrition. However, a thorough understanding of social media in dietetic practice is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to map and summarize the evidence about the users, uses, and effects of social media in dietetic practice to identify gaps in the literature and inform future research by using a scoping review methodology...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463480/prevalence-and-influencing-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-persons-with-physical-disabilities
#19
Jeong Jeonghee, Yu Jungok
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome is an important cluster of coronary heart disease risk factors. However, it remains unclear to what extent metabolic syndrome is associated with demographic and potentially modifiable lifestyle factors among Korean persons with physical disabilities. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and influencing factors of metabolic syndrome among persons with physical disabilities using the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC...
February 10, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462062/back-pain-and-co-occurring-conditions-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#20
Elizabeth M Badley, Dov B Millstone, Anthony V Perruccio
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-level health survey. OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency of co-occurring conditions with back pain; to identify risk factors for back pain controlling for co-occurring conditions; and to examine the association between back pain and individual co-occurring conditions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Back pain shares risk factors with a range of other conditions. Most studies have considered risk factors for back pain without taking into account the potential influence of co-occurring conditions...
February 16, 2018: Spine
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