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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607928/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-affect-myogenic-processes-in-c2c12-myoblasts-role-of-gap-junction-mediated-intercellular-communication
#1
Caterina Morabito, Nathalie Steimberg, Francesca Rovetta, Jennifer Boniotti, Simone Guarnieri, Giovanna Mazzoleni, Maria A Mariggiò
Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs) can interact with biological systems. Although they are successfully used as therapeutic agents in physiatrics and rehabilitative practice, they might represent environmental pollutants and pose a risk to human health. Due to the lack of evidence of their mechanism of action, the effects of ELF-EMFs on differentiation processes in skeletal muscle were investigated. C2C12 myoblasts were exposed to ELF-EMFs generated by a solenoid. The effects of ELF-EMFs on cell viability and on growth and differentiation rates were studied using colorimetric and vital dye assays, cytomorphology, and molecular analysis of MyoD and myogenin expression, respectively...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603936/laryngeal-chondrosarcoma-mimicking-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-on-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-a-case-report-of-a-diagnostic-pitfall
#2
Shifteh Vahidi, Khalid Amin, Jimmie Stewart
Chondrosarcoma (CS) of larynx is a rare laryngeal tumor accounting about 1% of laryngeal malignancies. When CS arises from thyroid cartilage, it may clinically present as a thyroid nodule. Here we report a rare case of CS of thyroid cartilage misinterpreted as medullary thyroid carcinoma. The main aim of this case report is to emphasize the important role of accurate clinical history, appropriate physical examination, and proper localization of the tumor and clear definitive imaging in conjunction with interpretation of cytologic smears...
June 11, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603895/metastatic-neoplasms-to-the-pancreas-diagnosed-by-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-cytology-a-15-year-retrospective-analysis
#3
Sasha L T Raymond, Deanne Yugawa, Karen H F Chang, Brandy Ena, Pamela S Tauchi-Nishi
BACKGROUND: Metastatic tumors to the pancreas are rarely encountered and diagnostically challenging. We aspired to determine the incidence and origin of all metastases to the pancreas at our institution, and to examine their clinicopathologic and cytomorphologic features. We also sought to ascertain the effect of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guidance implementation. METHODS: A search of our database was undertaken to review all pancreatic FNA and/or CNB examined from January 2000 through December 2014...
June 11, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599442/promoter-methylation-status-of-the-tumor-suppressor-genes-p16-and-cadherin-1-in-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#4
Ruei-Nian Li, Chien-Yu Li, Chien-Hung Lee, Chiung-Yu Peng, Ming-Tsang Wu
Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer worldwide. DNA methylation is one of a number of epigenetic regulation mechanisms leading to gene silencing in neoplastic cells. Aberrant methylation results in the silencing of tumor suppressor gene expression, and has been detected in a high percentage of human cancers. In the present study, the methylation status of three tumor suppressor genes, retinoic acid receptor β (RARβ), p16 and cadherin 1 (CDH1), and the inflammatory-associated cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene, was examined at distinct stages of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597510/urinary-tract-washing-specimens-containing-atypical-urothelial-tissue-fragments-are-significantly-associated-with-urothelial-neoplasia
#5
M Lisa Zhang, Amy G Zhou, Dorothy L Rosenthal, Christopher J VandenBussche
BACKGROUND: We previously found that the presence of atypical urothelial tissue fragments (AUTF) was associated with an increased risk of high-grade urothelial carcinoma (HGUC) but not low-grade urothelial neoplasia (LGUN) in voided urine (VU) specimens. However, we subsequently found that patients with LGUN were more likely to have cytologic atypia in urinary washing (UW) specimens, suggesting that cytologic atypia found in UW specimens might be associated with both LGUN and HGUC. In this study, we retrospectively examined UW specimens containing AUTF to determine whether they were associated with HGUC, LGUN, or both HGUC and LGUN...
June 9, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591986/-accurate-grading-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-ki-67-index-in-fine-needle-aspiration-specimens-a-comparative-cytologic-and-histologic-study
#6
S R He, D Cui, H Gong, Y P Zhu, L Chen, S T Hu, D G Liu
Objective: To study the cytomorphologic features and determine whether pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNET) sampled by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) can be accurately graded based on the Ki-67 index when compared to surgical samples. Methods: Corresponding intraoperative (19 cases) or endoscopic ultrasound-guided (3 cases) FNA cytology and surgical tissue specimens were obtained from 22 tumors, which were reviewed and stained for Ki-67 proliferation marker. The cytological samples included more than 200 tumor cells...
June 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584759/cutaneous-meningioma-a-cytomorphological-diagnosis
#7
Manjari Kishore, Manju Kaushal, Minakshi Bhardwaj, Neha Sharma
Cutaneous meningiomas are rare tumors. These are ectopic meningothelial cells located in the dermis and subcutis, and are usually seen on the scalp. Here, we report the case of a 40-year-old woman who presented with a slowly growing asymptomatic mass over the scalp in the right parieto-occipital region. The lesion was firm, adherent to underlying structures, and covered by normal appearing skin. The cytomorphological features along with histological and immunohistochemical studies showing positivity for epithelial membrane antigen, Vimentin, and S100 helped in making a definitive diagnosis of cutaneous meningioma...
May 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584739/profile-of-lymphadenopathy-an-institutional-based-cytomorphological-study
#8
Aneeta Singh Malhotra, Mega Lahori, Arti Nigam, Arvind Khajuria
INTRODUCTION: Lymphadenopathy is one of the most common clinical presentations of patients attending the outdoor department of a hospital. Lymph node aspiration is of great value for the diagnosis of lymphadenitis, lymphomas, and metastatic carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we have reported the pattern of cytological diagnosis on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of lymphadenopathy cases in Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India. The mean age of all the patients in this study was 21...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571158/cytomorphology-of-basaloid-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#9
Tanya Sharma, Garima Goel, Kaushik Majumdar, Deepti Joshi, Neelkamal Kapoor
Basaloid Squamous Cell Carcinoma (BSCC) is an unusual and high grade variant of Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) with a predilection for the upper aerodigestive tract. The cytomorphologic diagnosis of this tumour is challenging as it shares common cytomorphologic features with its differential diagnoses. However, a careful examination of the cytology can help in delivering a diagnosis of BSCC. In this case report we present the imprint cytology findings of histologically proven BSCC in a 60-year-old male who presented with an ulcerated lesion at the umbilical region...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570392/primary-cutaneous-small-cell-variant-of-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Cynthia M Magro, Shabnam Momtahen, Maija Kiuru
Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), similar to systemic ALCL, has as its histomorphologic hallmarks cohesive sheets of large lymphoid cells expressing CD30. Several morphologic variants of systemic ALCL have been reported, including the common (classic) type, lymphohistiocytic, and small cell variants. The small cell variant of ALCL is characterized by a predominant cytomorphology which is unexpected for ALCL, being in the context of a small- to medium-sized hyperchromatic atypical lymphocyte...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567111/cytomorphologic-features-distinguishing-bethesda-category-iv-thyroid-lesions-from-parathyroid
#11
Simon Sung, Anjali Saqi, Elizabeth M Margolskee, John P Crapanzano
BACKGROUND: Thyroid follicular cells share similar cytomorphological features with parathyroid. Without a clinical suspicion, the distinction between a thyroid neoplasm and an intrathyroidal parathyroid can be challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the distinguishing cytomorphological features of parathyroid (including intrathyroidal) and Bethesda category IV (Beth-IV) thyroid follicular lesions, which carry a 15%-30% risk of malignancy and are often followed up with surgical resection...
2017: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560856/peripancreatic-paraganglioma-mimics-pancreatic-gastrointestinal-neuroendocrine-tumor-on-fine-needle-aspiration-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Jennifer Zeng, Aylin Simsir, Thaira Oweity, Cristina Hajdu, Steven Cohen, Yan Shi
Cytologic diagnosis of extra-adrenal paraganglioma presenting as a peripancreatic mass is challenging with a high error rate due to its rarity. We report two cases of peripancreatic masses identified by radiology. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) of the masses showed a moderately cellular tumor composed of small to medium sized neoplastic cells with round to oval nuclei, arranged singly and in loose clusters. Focal rosette-like structures were present. The cells were positive for neuroendocrine markers (synaptophysin and chromogranin)...
May 30, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560647/cytomorphological-and-nitrogen-metabolic-enzyme-analysis-of-psychrophilic-and-mesophilic-nostoc-sp-a-comparative-outlook
#13
Bhuvaneshwari Thangaraj, Diana Princey Rajasekar, Rashmi Vijayaraghavan, Deviram Garlapati, Arul Ananth Devanesan, Uma Lakshmanan, Prabaharan Dharmar
Cyanobacterial diazotrophs play a significant role in environmental nitrogen economy despite their habitat either tropical or polar. However, the phenomenon by which it copes with temperature induced stress is poorly understood. Temperature response study of psychrophilic and mesophilic Nostoc strains explores their adaptive mechanisms. The selected psychrophilic and mesophilic strains were confirmed as Nostoc punctiforme and Nostoc calcicola respectively, by ultrastructure and 16S rDNA phylogeny. The psychrophilic strain has extensive glycolipid and polysaccharide sheath along with characteristic deposition of cyanophycin, polyhydroxybutyrate granules, and carboxysomes...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559013/establishment-and-genomic-characterization-of-primary-salivary-duct-carcinoma-cell-line
#14
Jie Li, Yohitsugu Mitani, Pulivarthi H Rao, Laszlo Perlaky, Bin Liu, Randal S Weber, Adel K El-Naggar
OBJECTIVES: To develop and characterize in vitro salivary duct carcinoma as a surrogate for functional studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were dispersed from tumor tissue fragments under sterile conditions in RPMI media. Disassociated cells were cultivated, immortalized with hTERT and propagated for more than 100 passages. Morphologic, linage, cytogenetic and genomic analyses were performed on different passages of cell line and primary tumor. Soft agar growth was performed...
June 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558176/primary-vitreoretinal-lymphoma-a-review
#15
Iguaracyra Araujo, Sarah E Coupland
Primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL) is the most common intraocular lymphoma occurring in the eye. It is a high-grade typically B-cell malignancy, arising in the retina, and is often associated with central nervous system (CNS) disease and thereby a poor prognosis. It needs to be distinguished from choroidal low-grade B-cell lymphomas, which do not disseminate to the brain and have a good prognosis. Because of the rarity of PVRL, information is lacking regarding its true incidence, its geographical or ethnic variation, and underlying risk factors apart from immunosuppression associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Epstein Barr virus...
May 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554890/atypical-aspirates-of-the-breast-a-dilemma-in-current-cytology-practice
#16
Shuang-Ni Yu, Joshua Li, Sio-In Wong, Julia Y S Tsang, Yun-Bi Ni, Jie Chen, Gary M Tse
AIMS: The probabilistic approach is widely adopted for breast fine needle aspiration cytology. However, a definite cytological diagnosis is not always possible for C3 (atypia) cases, which poses a management dilemma as this represents a mixed category of benign and malignant cases. It would be beneficial to be able to predict malignancy based on specific cytological features in C3 aspirates. METHODS: A comprehensive panel of cytological features (including quantitative, cytomorphological and background features) in a large cohort of C3 breast aspirates with subsequent histological excisions was evaluated to identify relevant morphological criteria predicting the risk of subsequent malignancy...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554176/fine-needle-aspiration-of-metastatic-central-type-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumors-in-patients-with-a-germ-cell-tumor
#17
Shaoxiong Chen, Muhammad Idrees, Jingmei Lin, Howard H Wu
OBJECTIVE: Central type primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) are some of the most frequent somatic type tumors derived from germ cell tumors and can metastasize. We studied the cytomorphological features of metastatic central type PNET by fine-needle aspiration (FNA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized search of our laboratory information system was performed for the 9-year period from 2005 through 2014 to identify all cytology cases in which a diagnosis of metastatic central type PNET had been rendered...
May 30, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548709/-polka-dot-macrophages-on-cytology-of-bilateral-adrenal-masses-nailing-disseminated-histoplasmosis
#18
Sumit Grover, Pavneet Kaur Selhi, Neena Sood, Ridhi Sood, Harpreet Kaur
Histoplasma capsulatum is a saprophytic fungus that in immunocompetent individuals causes self-limited pulmonary infection; however, in immunosuppressed patients involvement of the reticuloendothelial system, alimentary tract, urinary tract, and central nervous system is fairly common. Rarely patients present with bilateral adrenal masses which mimic tuberculosis and metastasis on radiology because of associated central necrosis. Ultrasound guided FNAC aided by special stains like Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS) and Gomori Methenamine Silver (GMS) may help in early diagnosis in such dubious cases...
May 26, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544799/fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-of-primary-cutaneous-mucinous-carcinoma-of-axilla-report-of-a-rare-case
#19
Subrata Pal, Palash Kr Mondal, Rajashre Pradhan, Abhishek Sharma, Biswajit Biswas, Subodh Bhattacharyya
Primary mucinous eccrine carcinoma is a rare malignant adnexal tumor of older patients. The histopathological features of this tumor are well-established but the cytomorphology of this neoplasm has only been documented in a few cases. The cytology and histology of this tumor may mimic metastatic mucinous carcinoma and may cause a diagnostic dilemma, especially when the tumor is located at axilla. A correct diagnosis is important because the prognosis is better than that of a metastatic mucinous carcinoma. Here we report the cytological and histological features of a case of primary cutaneous mucinous carcinoma of axilla in an elderly male patient...
May 24, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544597/metastasis-of-soft-tissue-sarcomas-in-lymph-node-a-cytomorphological-study
#20
Jahnavi Gandhi, Shailee Mehta, Trupti Patel, Amisha Gami, Majal Shah, Dhaval Jetly
BACKGROUND: Soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) rarely metastasizes to lymph node compared to carcinoma. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) carries a pivotal role in diagnosis of metastatic tumor to lymph node. This study highlights the role of FNAC in diagnosis of STS metastasis to lymph node. METHOD: A retrospective study over a period by 4 years carried out. FNAC of enlarged lymph node was performed in patients with STS. Cytology smears were examined in conjunction with clinical details...
May 24, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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