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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226038/filial-care-and-the-relationship-with-the-elderly-in-families-of-different-nationalities
#1
Jossiana Wilke Faller, Adriana Zilly, Angela Maria Alvarez, Sonia Silva Marcon
Objective: identify how filial care and the relationship with the elderly occur in families of different nationalities. Method: qualitative study carried out in a town on the triple frontier of Paraná, comprising 33 elderly people of five different nationalities, adopting the Symbolic Interactionism and the Grounded Theory as theoretical-methodological strategy. Results: among Lebanese people, the Muslim religion teaches children to obey and respect parents; among French, distant family relationships and institutions for the elderly stand out...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225910/products-purchased-from-family-farming-for-school-meals-in-the-cities-of-rio-grande-do-sul
#2
Daniele Ferigollo, Vanessa Ramos Kirsten, Dienifer Heckler, Oscar Agustín Torres Figueredo, Julian Perez-Cassarino, Rozane Márcia Triches
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to verify the adequacy profile of the cities of the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in relation to the purchase of products of family farming by the Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE - National Program of School Meals). METHODS: This is a quantitative descriptive study, with secondary data analysis (public calls-to-bid). The sample consisted of approximately 10% (n = 52) of the cities in the State, establishing a representation by mesoregion and size of the population...
February 16, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225836/analysis-of-immune-cell-populations-in-atrial-myocardium-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-or-sinus-rhythm
#3
Natalia Smorodinova, Martin Bláha, Vojtěch Melenovský, Karolína Rozsívalová, Jaromír Přidal, Mária Ďurišová, Jan Pirk, Josef Kautzner, Tomáš Kučera
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and despite obvious clinical importance remains its pathogenesis only partially explained. A relation between inflammation and AF has been suggested by findings of increased inflammatory markers in AF patients. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to characterize morphologically and functionally CD45-positive inflammatory cell populations in atrial myocardium of patients with AF as compared to sinus rhythm (SR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225699/what-is-the-relevance-of-procedural-fairness-to-making-determinations-about-medical-evidence
#4
Govind Persad
Approaches relying on fair procedures rather than substantive principles have been proposed for answering dilemmas in medical ethics and health policy. These dilemmas generally involve two questions: the epistemological (factual) question of which benefits an intervention will have, and the ethical (value) question of how to distribute those benefits. This article focuses on the potential of fair procedures to help address epistemological and factual questions in medicine, using the debate over antidepressant efficacy as a test case...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225128/analysis-of-charging-induced-structural-damage-in-electrochemical-systems
#5
Fuqian Yang
Electrochemical charging of an electrochemical system results in Maxwell stress and a variation in the surface energy of the electrode. The charging-induced variation in the surface energy of the electrode and Maxwell stress introduce mechanical deformation and create stresses in the electrode. To relax the strain energy stored in the electrode, surface cracking and buckling can occur. Under the condition that the charging-induced change in the surface energy is the dominant factor controlling the in-plane deformation of a planar electrode, i...
February 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224208/-prevention-of-postoperative-infections-evidence-based-principles
#6
F Pianka, A L Mihaljevic
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most frequent postoperative complications worldwide and preventive measures are still an important research topic. High infection rates are not uncommon, especially in visceral surgery. At the same time, frequently not all evidence-based measures are carried out in a standardized manner. The aim of this article is to summarize the relevant literature on evidence-based measures for prevention of SSI. Although evidence-based medicine has already become well-established in surgery, the opinion of experts often still prevails...
February 21, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224184/irritable-temperament-profile-prevails-among-patients-with-boxer-fractures
#7
A Taşkesen, I Demirkale, N Taşkesen, M Okumuş, D Ö Can
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the temperament dimensions of the patients with boxer fracture and compare them with age- and sex-matched controls. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis investigating affective temperaments of the 102 patients with boxer fractures and compared them with 100 sex- and age-matched controls that were referred to the emergency department due to incidental soft-tissue trauma. Affective temperament of the patients was evaluated by Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego-Auto questionnaire (TEMPS-A)...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222809/indigenous-knowledge-and-use-of-lichens-by-the-lichenophilic-communities-of-the-nepal-himalaya
#8
Shiva Devkota, Ram Prasad Chaudhary, Silke Werth, Christoph Scheidegger
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to document the prevailing indigenous knowledge and various uses of lichens among the lichenophilic communities in the hills and mountainous settlements of Nepal. METHODS: Ethnic uses were recorded during twelve field trips, each of roughly 15 days in three consecutive years, through direct questionnaires administered to 190 respondents. Lichen samples were identified applying microscopic observation and thin layer chromatography (TLC)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222375/on-site-nutrient-recovery-and-removal-from-source-separated-urine-by-phosphorus-precipitation-and-short-cut-nitrification-denitrification
#9
Song Yao, Liping Chen, Detian Guan, Zhongguo Zhang, Xiujun Tian, Aimin Wang, Guotian Wang, Qian Yao, Dangcong Peng, Jiuyi Li
Source separation and treatment of human urine have been recognized as a resource-efficient alternative to conventional urban drainage, not only reducing nutrient loads on municipal wastewater treatment plants, but recovering valuable resources from waste streams. In this work, on-site phosphorus (P) recovery from real urine was carried out by using the brine from a reverse osmosis process as the flush water for urine-diverting toilets and a P precipitant, while nitrogen (N) was removed via short-cut nitrification-denitrification (SCND) in a membrane bioreactor (MBR)...
February 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220616/exploring-the-relationship-between-activities-and-emotional-experience-using-a-diary-in-a-mental-health-inpatient-setting
#10
Fredrik Folke, Timo Hursti, Jonathan W Kanter, Hans Arinell, Stefan Tungström, Per Söderberg, Lisa Ekselius
Mental health inpatient milieus have repeatedly been found to be associated with passivity, social disengagement, and low levels of interaction with staff. However, little is known about patients' experiences related to different ward activities. In the present study, we aimed to study the reports of activities and associated experiences of patients admitted to acute psychiatric inpatient wards. Disengaged, inactive, and solitary activities were hypothesized to be associated with less reward and more distress than their counterparts...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220379/pulmonary-mucormycosis-clinical-features-and-outcomes
#11
Erica Lin, Teng Moua, Andrew H Limper
PURPOSE: Mucormycosis encompasses a group of opportunistic fungal infections caused by Zygomycetes, order Mucorales. Mucormycosis can manifest as rhino-orbito-cerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, and disseminated infections. Pulmonary mucormycosis is the second most common presentation. This manuscript characterizes the demographics, clinical presentation, diagnostic procedures, radiologic findings, therapeutic interventions, and outcome in pulmonary mucormycosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 35 patients with pulmonary mucormycosis from 2000 to 2015...
February 20, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219813/an-adverse-early-life-environment-can-enhance-stress-resilience-in-adulthood
#12
Sara Santarelli, Christoph Zimmermann, Georgia Kalideris, Sylvie L Lesuis, Janine Arloth, Andrés Uribe, Carine Dournes, Georgia Balsevich, Jakob Hartmann, Mercè Masana, Elisabeth B Binder, Dietmar Spengler, Mathias V Schmidt
Chronic stress is a major risk factor for depression. Interestingly, not all individuals develop psychopathology after chronic stress exposure. In contrast to the prevailing view that stress effects are cumulative and increase stress vulnerability throughout life, the match/mismatch hypothesis of psychiatric disorders. The match/mismatch hypothesis proposes that individuals who experience moderate levels of early life psychosocial stress can acquire resilience to renewed stress exposure later in life. Here, we have tested this hypothesis by comparing the developmental effects of 2 opposite early life conditions, when followed by 2 opposite adult environments...
February 7, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219316/from-disorder-to-mis-order-structural-aspects-of-pathogenic-oligomerization-in-conformational-diseases
#13
Chin Pang Benny Yiu, Yu Wai Chen
Proteins implicated in neurological conformational diseases contain substantial amounts of "intrinsic disorder". These native monomeric functional states may transit into some oligomeric states that have high β-sheet contents and seed the formation of insoluble amyloid fibrils. The prevailing view is that these "toxic" oligomers should be targeted for drug development. Here, an overview of the diseases was presented, within the general framework of the oligomerization of intrinsically disordered proteins. These systems pose some specific challenges to structural studies: the toxic oligomers are transient, low in concentration, and often need to be studied in a heterogeneous environment...
February 20, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218625/egress-of-sperm-autoantigen-from-seminiferous-tubules-maintains-systemic-tolerance
#14
Kenneth S K Tung, Jessica Harakal, Hui Qiao, Claudia Rival, Jonathan C H Li, Alberta G A Paul, Karen Wheeler, Patcharin Pramoonjago, Constance M Grafer, Wei Sun, Robert D Sampson, Elissa W P Wong, Prabhakara P Reddi, Umesh S Deshmukh, Daniel M Hardy, Huanghui Tang, C Yan Cheng, Erwin Goldberg
Autoimmune responses to meiotic germ cell antigens (MGCA) that are expressed on sperm and testis occur in human infertility and after vasectomy. Many MGCA are also expressed as cancer/testis antigens (CTA) in human cancers, but the tolerance status of MGCA has not been investigated. MGCA are considered to be uniformly immunogenic and nontolerogenic, and the prevailing view posits that MGCA are sequestered behind the Sertoli cell barrier in seminiferous tubules. Here, we have shown that only some murine MGCA are sequestered...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218565/-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-with-the-coagulation-of-the-uterine-arteries-at-their-origin
#15
Rudolf Lampé, Csaba Móré, Ilona Fazekas, Róbert Póka
INTRODUCTION: Hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed gynecological operations worldwide. Due to patient perceived advantages of technical development laparoscopic hysterectomy has become a widely used method. The attitude of patients, surgeons and service providers to laparoscopic procedures is not uniform, but total laparoscopic hysterectomy has prevailed due to its advantages from other types of laparoscopic hysterectomies. Coagulation of the uterine arteries at their origin during the standardized method of total laparoscopic hysterectomy provides further benefits for this procedure...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217124/sulfur-oxidizing-bacteria-mediate-microbial-community-succession-and-element-cycling-in-launched-marine-sediment
#16
Hideyuki Ihara, Tomoyuki Hori, Tomo Aoyagi, Mitsuru Takasaki, Yoko Katayama
A large amount of marine sediment was launched on land by the Great East Japan earthquake. Here, we employed both on-site and laboratory studies on the launched marine sediment to investigate the succession of microbial communities and its effects on geochemical properties of the sediment. Twenty-two-month on-site survey showed that microbial communities at the uppermost layer (0-2 mm depth) of the sediment changed significantly with time, whereas those at the deeper layer (20-40 mm depth) remained nearly unchanged and kept anaerobic microbial communities...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216101/genome-sequence-of-methanobacterium-congolense-strain-buetzberg-a-hydrogenotrophic-methanogenic-archaeon-isolated-from-a-mesophilic-industrial-scale-biogas-plant-utilizing-bio-waste
#17
Gonzalo Torres Tejerizo, Yong Sung Kim, Irena Maus, Daniel Wibberg, Anika Winkler, Sandra Off, Alfred Pühler, Paul Scherer, Andreas Schlüter
Methanogenic Archaea are of importance at the end of the anaerobic digestion (AD) chain for biomass conversion. They finally produce methane, the end-product of AD. Among this group of microorganisms, members of the genus Methanobacterium are ubiquitously present in anaerobic habitats, such as bioreactors. The genome of a novel methanogenic archaeon, namely Methanobacterium congolense Buetzberg, originally isolated from a mesophilic biogas plant, was completely sequenced to analyze putative adaptive genome features conferring competitiveness of this isolate within the biogas reactor environment...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216031/extreme-air-pollution-with-contaminants-originating-from-the-mining-metallurgical-processes
#18
Snezana M Serbula, Jelena S Milosavljevic, Ana A Radojevic, Jelena V Kalinovic, Tanja S Kalinovic
Levels of SO2 and metals/metalloids in the air near a copper smelter in Bor (Serbia) from 2009 to 2015 were presented in this study. Annual levels of SO2 were constantly above the proposed limit value (LV), at almost all the measuring sites. SO2 concentrations on an annual level measured in different zones in Bor were several times higher compared to the LV in 2011, 2012, 2014 and 2015. Enormously high daily SO2 concentrations measured at the suburban zone (3734μgm(-3)) was 187 times higher than the LV given by the World Health Organization...
February 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215015/goose-management-schemes-to-resolve-conflicts-with-agriculture-theory-practice-and-effects
#19
Einar Eythórsson, Ingunn M Tombre, Jesper Madsen
In 2012, the four countries hosting the Svalbard population of pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus along its flyway launched an International Species Management Plan for the population. One of the aims was to reduce conflicts between geese and agriculture to an acceptable level. Since 2006, Norway has offered subsidies to farmers that provide refuge areas for geese on their land. We evaluate the mid-Norwegian goose management subsidy scheme, with a view to its adjustment to prevailing ecological and socio-economic parameters...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214557/quadruple-first-line-drug-resistance-in-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-in-vietnam-what-can-we-learn-from-genes
#20
Huy Quang Nguyen, Nhung Viet Nguyen, Lucie Contamin, Thanh Hoa Thi Tran, Thuong Thi Vu, Hung Van Nguyen, Ngoc Lan Thi Nguyen, Son Thai Nguyen, Anh Duc Dang, Anne-Laure Bañuls, Van Anh Thi Nguyen
In Vietnam, a country with high tuberculosis (137/100.000 population) and multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB burdens (7.8/100.000 population), little is known about the molecular signatures of drug resistance in general and more particularly of second line drug (SLD) resistance. This study is specifically focused on Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates resistant to four first-line drugs (FLDs) that make TB much more difficult to treat. The aim is to determine the proportion of SLD resistance in these quadruple drug resistant isolates and the genetic determinants linked to drug resistance to better understand the genetic processes leading to quadruple and extremely drug resistance (XDR)...
February 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
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