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Mental health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352539/income-inequality-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-and-a-scoping-review-of-mechanisms
#1
Vikram Patel, Jonathan K Burns, Monisha Dhingra, Leslie Tarver, Brandon A Kohrt, Crick Lund
Most countries have witnessed a dramatic increase of income inequality in the past three decades. This paper addresses the question of whether income inequality is associated with the population prevalence of depression and, if so, the potential mechanisms and pathways which may explain this association. Our systematic review included 26 studies, mostly from high-income countries. Nearly two-thirds of all studies and five out of six longitudinal studies reported a statistically significant positive relationship between income inequality and risk of depression; only one study reported a statistically significant negative relationship...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352514/an-integrative-review-exploring-the-physical-and-psychological-harm-inherent-in-using-restraint-in-mental-health-inpatient-settings
#2
Pauline Cusack, Frank Patrick Cusack, Sue McAndrew, Mick McKeown, Joy Duxbury
In Western society, policy and legislation seeks to minimize restrictive interventions, including physical restraint; yet research suggests the use of such practices continues to raise concerns. Whilst international agreement has sought to define physical restraint, diversity in the way in which countries use restraint remains disparate. Research to date has reported on statistics regarding restraint, how and why it is used, and staff and service user perspectives about its use. However, there is limited evidence directly exploring the physical and psychological harm restraint may cause to people being cared for within mental health inpatient settings...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352012/public-transport-policy-social-engagement-and-mental-health-in-older-age-a-quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-free-bus-passes-in-england
#3
Erica Reinhard, Emilie Courtin, Frank J van Lenthe, Mauricio Avendano
BACKGROUND: Social engagement and social isolation are key determinants of mental health in older age, yet there is limited evidence on how public policies may contribute to reducing isolation, promoting social engagement and improving mental health among older people. This study examines the impact of the introduction of an age-friendly transportation policy, free bus passes, on the mental health of older people in England. METHODS: We use an instrumental variable (IV) approach that exploits eligibility criteria for free bus passes to estimate the impact of increased public transportation use on depressive symptoms, loneliness, social isolation and social engagement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351781/mindmap-establishing-an-integrated-database-infrastructure-for-research-in-ageing-mental-well-being-and-the-urban-environment
#4
Mariëlle A Beenackers, Dany Doiron, Isabel Fortier, J Mark Noordzij, Erica Reinhard, Emilie Courtin, Martin Bobak, Basile Chaix, Giuseppe Costa, Ulrike Dapp, Ana V Diez Roux, Martijn Huisman, Emily M Grundy, Steinar Krokstad, Pekka Martikainen, Parminder Raina, Mauricio Avendano, Frank J van Lenthe
BACKGROUND: Urbanization and ageing have important implications for public mental health and well-being. Cities pose major challenges for older citizens, but also offer opportunities to develop, test, and implement policies, services, infrastructure, and interventions that promote mental well-being. The MINDMAP project aims to identify the opportunities and challenges posed by urban environmental characteristics for the promotion and management of mental well-being and cognitive function of older individuals...
January 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349844/exploration-of-joint-working-practices-on-anti-social-behaviour-between-criminal-justice-mental-health-and-social-care-agencies-a-qualitative-study
#5
Anne Krayer, Catherine A Robinson, Rob Poole
Although the police play an important role for people with mental health problems in the community, little is known about joint working practices between mental health, social care and police services. There is potential for tensions and negative outcomes for people with mental health problems, in particular when the focus is on behaviours that could be interpreted as anti-social. This study explores perceptions about joint working between mental health, social care and police services with regard to anti-social behaviour...
January 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349261/the-impact-of-the-uk-national-minimum-wage-on-mental-health
#6
Christoph Kronenberg, Rowena Jacobs, Eugenio Zucchelli
Despite an emerging literature, there is still sparse and mixed evidence on the wider societal benefits of Minimum Wage policies, including their effects on mental health. Furthermore, causal evidence on the relationship between earnings and mental health is limited. We focus on low-wage earners, who are at higher risk of psychological distress, and exploit the quasi-experiment provided by the introduction of the UK National Minimum Wage (NMW) to identify the causal impact of wage increases on mental health...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349245/mental-health-of-sub-saharan-african-migrants-the-gendered-role-of-migration-paths-and-transnational-ties
#7
Julie Pannetier, France Lert, Marie Jauffret Roustide, Annabel Desgrées du Loû
In Europe, migrants are at higher risk of common mental disorders or psychological distress than are natives. Little is known regarding the social determinants of migrant mental health, particularly the roles played by migration conditions and transnational practices, which may manifest themselves in different ways for men and for women. The goal of this paper was to understand the gendered roles of migration paths and transnational ties in mental health among sub-Saharan African migrants residing in the Paris, France, metropolitan area...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349239/the-household-food-insecurity-gradient-and-potential-reductions-in-adverse-population-mental-health-outcomes-in-canadian-adults
#8
Geneviève Jessiman-Perreault, Lynn McIntyre
Purpose: Household food insecurity is related to poor mental health. This study examines whether the level of household food insecurity is associated with a gradient in the risk of reporting six adverse mental health outcomes. This study further quantifies the mental health impact if severe food insecurity, the extreme of the risk continuum, were eliminated in Canada. Methods: Using a pooled sample of the Canadian Community Health Survey (N = 302,683), we examined the relationship between level of food insecurity, in adults 18-64 years, and reporting six adverse mental health outcomes...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347951/health-related-quality-of-life-among-healthy-elderly-iranians-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Sogand Tourani, Masoud Behzadifar, Mariano Martini, Aidin Aryankhesal, Masood Taheri Mirghaed, Morteza Salemi, Meysam Behzadifar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measurement in elderly people can provide appropriate information for an optimal management of physical/mental conditions. The main objective of the present study was to quantitatively assess the HRQoL among healthy elder Iranian individuals as measured by the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, both overall and at the level of each its single component/domain. METHODS: This study was designed as a systematic review and meta-analysis, following the "Preferred Reporting Results of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses" (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 18, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347922/characteristics-of-individuals-receiving-disability-benefits-in-the-netherlands-and-predictors-of-leaving-the-disability-benefit-scheme-a-retrospective-cohort-study-with-five-year-follow-up
#10
Ilse Louwerse, Maaike A Huysmans, H Jolanda van Rijssen, Allard J van der Beek, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: Today, work disability is one of the greatest social and labour market challenges for policy makers in most OECD countries, where on average, about 6% of the working-age population relies on disability benefits. Understanding of factors associated with long-term work disability may be helpful to identify groups of individuals at risk for disability benefit entitlement or continuing eligibility, and to develop effective interventions for these groups. The purpose of this study is to provide insight into the main diagnoses of workers who qualify for disability benefits and how these diagnoses differ in age, gender and education...
January 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346480/changing-collective-social-norms-in-favour-of-reduced-harmful-use-of-alcohol-a-review-of-reviews
#11
Peter Anderson, Eva Jané-Llopis, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Jürgen Rehm
Background: Public sector bodies have called for policies and programmes to shift collective social norms in disfavour of the harmful use of alcohol. This article aims to identify and summarize the evidence and propose how policies and programmes to shift social norms could be implemented and evaluated. Design: Review of reviews for all years to July 2017. Data sources: Searches on OVID Medline, Healthstar, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED, Social Work Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Mental Measurements Yearbook, Joanna Briggs Institute EBP, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, International Political Science Abstracts, NASW Clinical Register and Epub Ahead of Print databases...
January 16, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345481/the-influence-of-low-barrier-and-voluntary-service-policies-on-survivor-empowerment-in-a-domestic-violence-housing-organization
#12
Nkiru Nnawulezi, Surbhi Godsay, Cris M Sullivan, Suzanne Marcus, Margaret Hacskaylo
The purpose of community-based domestic violence crisis housing programs (e.g., shelters) is to provide a safe setting that promotes empowerment for survivors of intimate partner violence. For staff to reach this aim, the program must have formal structures and processes in place to support such efforts. This study explored how low-barrier and voluntary service policies influenced staff practices and survivor empowerment. Low-barrier policies require that programs remove barriers that prevent survivors, particularly those who have mental health concerns and/or addictions, from being able to access services...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344082/implementing-guidelines-on-physical-health-in-the-acute-mental-health-setting-a-quality-improvement-approach
#13
Stuart Green, Ed Beveridge, Liz Evans, Jenny Trite, Sandra Jayacodi, Rachel Evered, Caroline Parker, Luca Polledri, Emily Tabb, John Green, Anton Manickam, Joanna Williams, Rebecca Deere, Bill Tiplady
Background: In the UK, life expectancy for people living with a serious mental illness, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, is reduced by 15-20 years compared with the general population. In recent years, evidence based guidelines/policies designed to improve their physical health have been published, yet a gap remains between recommendations and practice. This case study describes how guidelines to support physical health were implemented using a quality improvement approach...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342263/sri-lanka-s-post-tsunami-health-system-recovery-a-qualitative-analysis-of-physician-perspectives
#14
William Collin Schenk, Thuy Bui
Background: The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami caused significant damage to the health system in Sri Lanka. Rebuilding infrastructure and improving the mental health system were targets of recovery policies. Retrospective analyses of the post-tsunami health system recovery in Sri Lanka lack the perspectives of local stakeholders, including health care providers. Methods: In 2014 we interviewed 23 Sri Lankan physicians from the Eastern and Southern regions. Participants were recruited with snowball sampling...
January 12, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340702/risk-and-protective-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-among-african-american-men-an-application-of-the-stress-process-model
#15
Mathew D Gayman, Ben Lennox Kail, Amy Spring, George R Greenidge
Objectives: This study employs the stress process model (SPM) to identify risk/protective factors for mental health among adult African American men. Method: Using a community-based sample of Miami, FL residents linked to neighborhood Census data, this study identifies risk/protective factors for depressive symptomatology using a sample of 248 adult African American men. Results: The stress process variables independently associated with depressive symptoms were family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors, and daily discrimination...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339565/a-home-visiting-parenting-program-and-child-obesity-a-randomized-trial
#16
Monica Roosa Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Margaret L Holland, Arietta Slade, Nancy Close, Linda C Mayes
BACKGROUND: Young children living in historically marginalized families are at risk for becoming adolescents with obesity and subsequently adults with increased obesity-related morbidities. These risks are particularly acute for Hispanic children. We hypothesized that the prevention-focused, socioecological approach of the "Minding the Baby" (MTB) home visiting program might decrease the rate of childhood overweight and obesity early in life. METHODS: This study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study in which we include data collected during 2 phases of the MTB randomized controlled trial...
January 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336168/dementia-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-a-systematic-review
#17
Sara Mahmoud Yaghmour, Ruth Bartlett, Tula Brannelly
Globally, there is an increase in the older population, whose lives are affected by local cultural norms. In Eastern Mediterranean countries, dementia is conventionally hidden from view with few dedicated services or recognition for diagnosis. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the limited literature on dementia and cognitive impairment among older people in Eastern Mediterranean countries to present an evaluation of current practices and to consolidate knowledge for future planning. Thirty-three studies were identified for inclusion in the review, and four themes were apparent...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#18
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334934/factors-influencing-the-length-of-hospital-stay-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-results-of-a-prospective-multi-center-study
#19
D Kästner, B Löwe, A Weigel, B Osen, U Voderholzer, A Gumz
BACKGROUND: The length of stay (LOS) strongly influences anorexia nervosa (AN) inpatient weight outcomes. Hence, understanding the predictors of LOS is highly relevant. However, the existing evidence is inconsistent and to draw conclusions, additional evidence is required. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multi-center study including adult female inpatients with AN. Using stepwise linear regression, the following demographic and clinical variables were examined as potential predictors for LOS: admission BMI, AN-subtype, age, age of onset, living situation, partnership status, education, previous hospitalization, self-rated depression, anxiety and somatic symptoms (PHQ-9, PHQ-15, GAD-7), self-rated therapy motivation (FEVER) and eating disorder psychopathology (EDI-2 subscale scores)...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334882/federal-parity-and-access-to-behavioral-health-care-in-private-health-plans
#20
Dominic Hodgkin, Constance M Horgan, Maureen T Stewart, Amity E Quinn, Timothy B Creedon, Sharon Reif, Deborah W Garnick
OBJECTIVE: The 2008 Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) sought to improve access to behavioral health care by regulating health plans' coverage and management of services. Health plans have some discretion in how to achieve compliance with MHPAEA, leaving questions about its likely effects on health plan policies. In this study, the authors' objective was to determine how private health plans' coverage and management of behavioral health treatment changed after the federal parity law's full implementation...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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