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Mental health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936233/general-practitioners-experiences-and-perceptions-of-mild-moderate-depression-management-and-factors-influencing-effective-service-delivery-in-rural-australian-communities-a-qualitative-study
#1
Tamishka De Silva, Anjali Prakash, Sandhya Yarlagadda, Marjia Daniella Johns, Kate Sandy, Vibeke Hansen, Sue Phelan, Sabrina Pit
BACKGROUND: Rural communities in Australia face significant disadvantages relating to geographical isolation and limited access to mental health services. Documenting general practitioners' (GP) experiences and perception of mental health services in rural Australia may be useful to gain insight into rural GP management of mild to moderate depression. AIMS: To explore GPs' experience and views on which factors influence access to mental health services for mild to moderate depression...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935433/intersectorality-and-social-participation-as-coping-policies-for-health-inequities-worldwide
#2
Regina Celia Fiorati, Ricardo A Arcêncio, Javier Segura Del Pozo, Milagros Ramasco-Gutiérrez, Pilar Serrano-Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact that intersectoral policies and social participation, implemented worldwide, have had on the modification of the social determinants for health and on the reduction of social health inequities. METHOD: A scoping review of the literature published in the period 2005-2015 was performed. The literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scielo databases. Two researchers reviewed each document. Data were analysed according to the intersectoral action and social participation variables and according to the theoretical frameworks of the Social Determinants Model of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) and the theoretical constructs of Social Capital (SC) and Life Course (LC)...
September 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931383/evaluation-of-caregiver-friendly-workplace-policy-cfwps-interventions-on-the-health-of-full-time-caregiver-employees-ces-implementation-and-cost-benefit-analysis
#3
Allison M Williams, Emile Tompa, Donna S Lero, Janet Fast, Amin Yazdani, Isik U Zeytinoglu
BACKGROUND: Current Canadian evidence illustrating the health benefits and cost-effectiveness of caregiver-friendly workplace policies is needed if Canadian employers are to adopt and integrate caregiver-friendly workplace policies into their employment practices. The goal of this three-year, three study research project is to provide such evidence for the auto manufacturing and educational services sectors. The research questions being addressed are: What are the impacts for employers (economic) and workers (health) of caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) for full-time caregiver-employees? What are the impacts for employers, workers and society of the caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) in each participating workplace? What contextual factors impact the successful implementation of caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s)? METHODS: Using a pre-post-test comparative case study design, Study A will determine the effectiveness of newly implemented caregiver-friendly workplace policy intervention(s) across two workplaces to determine impacts on caregiver-employee health...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931125/patients-with-mental-problems-the-most-defenseless-travellers
#4
Peter Felkai, Tamas Kurimay
Background: Severe mental illness occurring abroad is a difficult situation for patients, their families, and for the local medical community. Patients with mental problem are doublely stigmatized due to their mental illness and because they are foreigners in an unfamiliar country. The appropriate treatment is often delayed, while patients are often dealt with in a manner that violates their human rights. Moreover, repatriation - which is vital in this case - is often delayed due to the lack of international protocols for the transportation and treatment of mentally ill travelers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929728/-undocumented-immigrants-what-do-we-know-about-their-health
#5
Giovanni Baglio, Raffaele Di Palma, Erica Eugeni, Antonio Fortino
In Italy, immigrants represent a "fuzzy" set, to which it is difficult to apply dichotomous categories as a classification (i.e., regular/irregular, economic/forced, etcetera). These categories lose its meaning when used to study health phenomena. Rather, the epidemiological profile of such a heterogeneous population depends on the varying influence of health determinants in the life-course of migration. This article builds on those assumptions, and analyses the health of irregularly- staying immigrants by adopting a global approach to the migration phenomenon...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#6
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929367/lacking-a-primary-care-physician-is-associated-with-increased-suffering-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#7
Cynthia G Olsen, John M Boltri, Jenna Amerine, Mark E Clasen
We evaluated the relationship between lack of a primary care physician (PCP) and patients with severe mental illness (SMI), who have poorer health and experience more suffering. Using a blinded retrospective record review of 137 patients with SMI, divided between inpatients (n = 70) and outpatients (n = 67), we compared the two groups to determine if lack of a PCP is associated with increased suffering and worse overall health. We included history of preventive services, having a PCP, and comorbid conditions...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928299/a-study-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-mental-health-illnesses-in-amdanga-block-west-bengal
#8
Rivu Basu, Arkaprabha Sau, Soham Saha, Souren Mondal, Pradip Kumar Ghoshal, Sourav Kundu
BACKGROUND: The discourse of mental health is getting its due attention after all these years in India. A major threat to the mental health system is the demand side factors, namely, knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of the general population toward this. In spite of growing concern regarding mental health in India, this kind of study to assess the mental health status has been very few in India, more so in West Bengal. OBJECTIVES: With this background, this study was carried out with the objectives to validate the Community Attitude to Mental Illness (CAMI), to assess the different sociodemographic factors among the study population, to assess the KAP regarding mental illness among the study population...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927515/personal-and-perceived-depression-stigma-among-arab-adolescents-associations-with-depression-severity-and-personal-characteristics
#9
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: In Arab communities, the selection, utilization, and attitudes towards mental health services are substantially affected by existing mental illness stigma. However, little is known about how the stigma of depression manifests among Arab adolescents, which makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective anti-stigma interventions for this vulnerable population. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine levels of depression stigma among Arab adolescents...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927511/psychiatric-and-mental-health-nursing-in-china-past-present-and-future
#10
Xiuying Xu, Xin-Min Li, Dongmei Xu, Wenqiang Wang
The mental health service model and policy have undergone dramatic changes and are moving toward the establishment of integrated service network-based community mental health services in China. But there are still some issues, such as shortage of resources, a relatively low rate of psychiatric treatment, lack of the knowledge about mental health in the general population, and stigma associated with mental disorders. This paper summarizes the history of psychiatric and mental health nursing in China and analyzes the characteristics of the current situation...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927407/agency-responses-to-a-system-driven-implementation-of-multiple-evidence-based-practices-in-children-s-mental-health-services
#11
Jennifer Regan, Anna S Lau, Miya Barnett, Nicole Stadnick, Alison Hamilton, Keri Pesanti, Lillian Bando, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
BACKGROUND: Large mental health systems are increasingly using fiscal policies to encourage the implementation of multiple evidence-based practices (EBPs). Although many implementation strategies have been identified, little is known about the types and impacts of strategies that are used by organizations within implementation as usual. This study examined organizational-level responses to a fiscally-driven, rapid, and large scale EBP implementation in children's mental health within the Los Angeles County Department of Mental Health...
September 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926940/stress-exposure-and-physical-mental-and-behavioral-health-among-american-indian-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Melissa L Walls, Kelley J Sittner, Benjamin D Aronson, Angie K Forsberg, Les B Whitbeck, Mustafa al'Absi
American Indian (AI) communities experience disproportionate exposure to stressors and health inequities including type 2 diabetes. Yet, we know little about the role of psychosocial stressors for AI diabetes-related health outcomes. We investigated associations between a range of stressors and psychological, behavioral, and physical health for AIs with diabetes. This community-based participatory research with 5 AI tribes includes 192 AI adult type 2 diabetes patients recruited from clinical records at tribal clinics...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925350/beliefs-in-social-inclusion-invariance-in-associations-among-hope-dysfunctional-attitudes-and-social-inclusion-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#13
Clio Berry, Kathryn Greenwood
Social disability in youth is an important precursor of long-term social and mental health problems. Social inclusion is a key policy driver and fits well within a new paradigm of health and well-being rather than illness-oriented services, yet little is known about social inclusion and its facilitators for "healthy" young people. We present a novel exploratory structural analysis of social inclusion using measures from 387 14- to 36-year-olds. Our model represents social inclusion as comprising social activity and community belonging, with both domains predicted by hopeful and dysfunctional self-beliefs but hopefulness more uniquely predicting social inclusion in adolescence...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919912/the-isfahan-comprehensive-elderly-study-objectives-research-design-methodology-and-preliminary-results
#14
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the objectives, research design, methodology, and primary findings of the Isfahan Comprehensive Elderly Study (ICES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 603 elderly persons (aged 60 and over) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method from Isfahan, Iran, in 2016 comprehensive questionnaires along with a detailed interview were used to collect information on personal, family, socioeconomic, health and social services characteristics, life styles, physical illnesses and chronic diseases, mental, emotional and cognition disorders, quality of life, disabilities, sleep quality, social supports, life satisfaction, self-efficacy, and of participants...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919056/an-exploration-of-person-centred-concepts-in-human-services-a-thematic-analysis-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Rebecca A Waters, Angus Buchanan
Being 'person-centred' in the delivery of health and human services has become synonymous with quality care, and it is a core feature of policy reform in Australia and other Western countries. This research aimed to identify the uses, definitions and characteristics of the term 'person-centred' in the ageing, mental health and disability literature. A thematic analysis identified seven common core themes of person-centredness: honouring the person, being in relationship, facilitating participation and engagement, social inclusion/citizenship, experiencing compassionate love, being strengths/capacity focussed, and organisational characteristics...
September 8, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918762/standard-comparison-of-local-mental-health-care-systems-in-eight-european-countries
#16
M R Gutiérrez-Colosía, L Salvador-Carulla, J A Salinas-Pérez, C R García-Alonso, J Cid, D Salazzari, I Montagni, F Tedeschi, G Cetrano, K Chevreul, J Kalseth, G Hagmair, C Straßmayr, A L Park, R Sfectu, T Ala-Nikkola, J L González-Caballero, L Rabbi, B Kalseth, F Amaddeo
AIMS: There is a need of more quantitative standardised data to compare local Mental Health Systems (MHSs) across international jurisdictions. Problems related to terminological variability and commensurability in the evaluation of services hamper like-with-like comparisons and hinder the development of work in this area. This study was aimed to provide standard assessment and comparison of MHS in selected local areas in Europe, contributing to a better understanding of MHS and related allocation of resources at local level and to lessen the scarcity in standard service comparison in Europe...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916006/using-effective-public-private-collaboration-to-advance-integrated-care
#17
REVIEW
Lee S Beers, Leandra Godoy, Matthew G Biel
Integrated mental health services within health care settings have many benefits; however, several key barriers pose challenges to fully implemented and coordinated care. Collaborative, multistakeholder efforts, such as health networks, have the potential to overcome prevalent obstacles and to accelerate the dissemination of innovative clinical strategies. In addition to engaging clinical experts, efforts should also include the perspectives of families and communities, a grounding in data and evaluation, and a focus on policy and advocacy...
October 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915435/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-the-public-health-consequences-of-social-isolation-and-loneliness
#18
REVIEW
N Leigh-Hunt, D Bagguley, K Bash, V Turner, S Turnbull, N Valtorta, W Caan
OBJECTIVES: Social isolation and loneliness have been associated with ill health and are common in the developed world. A clear understanding of their implications for morbidity and mortality is needed to gauge the extent of the associated public health challenge and the potential benefit of intervention. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of systematic reviews (systematic overview) was undertaken to determine the wider consequences of social isolation and loneliness, identify any differences between the two, determine differences from findings of non-systematic reviews and to clarify the direction of causality...
September 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914119/building-on-mental-health-training-for-law-enforcement-strengthening-community-partnerships
#19
Jorien Campbell, Cyrus Ahalt, Randall Hagar, William Arroyo
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the current state of law enforcement training related to the high number of interactions with persons with mental illness, and to recommend next steps in preparing law enforcement to effectively meet this challenge. Design/methodology/approach The authors reviewed the current literature on relevant law enforcement training programs, focusing primarily on crisis intervention team (CIT) training, and used the case example of California to identify opportunities to improve and enhance law enforcement preparedness for the challenge of responding to persons with mental illness...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913683/an-evidence-map-of-the-women-veterans-health-research-literature-2008-2015
#20
Elisheva R Danan, Erin E Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Eva Koeller, Roderick MacDonald, Tina Velasquez, Nancy Greer, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Women comprise a growing proportion of Veterans seeking care at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities. VA initiatives have accelerated changes in services for female Veterans, yet the corresponding literature has not been systematically reviewed since 2008. In 2015, VA Women's Health Services and the VA Women's Health Research Network requested an updated literature review to facilitate policy and research planning. METHODS: The Minneapolis VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program performed a systematic search of research related to female Veterans' health published from 2008 through 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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