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Mental health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792476/a-mixed-methods-investigation-into-the-perspectives-on-mental-health-and-professional-treatment-among-former-system-youth-with-mood-disorders
#1
Michelle R Munson, Sarah Carter Narendorf, Shelly Ben-David, Andrea Cole
Research has shown that how people think about their health (or illnesses) shapes their help-seeking behavior. In this mixed-methods study, we employed a simultaneous concurrent design to explore the perceptions of mental illness among an understudied population: marginalized young adults. Participants were 60 young adults (ages 18-25) who had experienced mood disorders and used multiple public systems of care during their childhoods. Semistructured interviews were conducted to understand participants' illness and treatment experiences during the transition to adulthood...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792390/mental-health-crisis-resolution-teams-and-crisis-care-systems-in-england-a-national-survey
#2
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Danielle Lamb, Joseph Barnby, Michelle Eskinazi, Amelia Turner, Sonia Johnson
Aims and methodA national survey investigated the implementation of mental health crisis resolution teams (CRTs) in England. CRTs were mapped and team managers completed an online survey. RESULTS: Ninety-five per cent of mapped CRTs (n = 233) completed the survey. Few CRTs adhered fully to national policy guidelines. CRT implementation and local acute care system contexts varied substantially. Access to CRTs for working-age adults appears to have improved, compared with a similar survey in 2012, despite no evidence of higher staffing levels...
May 24, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791644/temporal-analysis-of-the-functional-status-of-older-people-in-the-state-of-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil
#3
Fabiana Ferraz Queiroga Freitas, Cinara Maria Feitosa Beleza, Isadora Queiroz Correa Garchet Furtado, Aline da Rocha Kallás Fernandes, Sônia Maria Soares
OBJECTIVE: To verify the profile and the functional status of older people living in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, from a temporal perspective. METHOD: This was a descriptive study with secondary analysis of data from the Health Indicator and Aging Policy Monitoring system (SISAP-Idoso - Sistema de Indicadores de Saúde e Acompanhamento de Políticas do Idoso) between 2000 and 2010. RESULTS: Over the analyzed period, there was a growth of older women, people older than 85 years, residents of urban areas, older people who live alone and who are not responsible for the household...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789511/the-place-of-social-recovery-in-mental-health-and-related-services
#4
REVIEW
Shulamit Ramon
This article looks at the place of social recovery in mental health and social care services, alongside personal recovery. Despite its conceptual and practice centrality to the new meaning of recovery, social recovery has remained a relatively neglected dimension. This article attempts to provide an updated critical commentary based on findings from fifty nine studies, including a variety of research methodologies and methods. Definitions of social recovery within the new meaning of recovery are looked at. This is followed by outlining the development and significance of this dimension as reflected in the key areas of shared decision making, co-production and active citizenship, re-entering employment after experiencing mental ill health, being in employment, poverty and coping with poverty, the economic and the scientific cases for social recovery...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788774/the-standardization-of-diagnostic-criteria-for-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-implications-for-research-clinical-practice-and-population-health
#5
Jasmine M Brown, Roger Bland, Egon Jonsson, Andrew J Greenshaw
OBJECTIVE: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a preventable disorder caused by maternal alcohol consumption and marked by a range of physical and mental disabilities. Although recognized by the scientific and medical community as a clinical disorder, no internationally standardized diagnostic tool yet exists for FASD. METHODS AND RESULTS: This review seeks to analyse the discrepancies in existing diagnostic tools for FASD, and the repercussions these differences have on research, public health, and government policy...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787927/refugees-admission-to-mental-health-institutions-in-norway-is-there-an-ethnic-density-effect
#6
Jon Erik Finnvold, Elisabeth Ugreninov
Some recent European research claims that immigrants settle in urban areas with low scores on level-of-living conditions and a high prevalence of health-risk factors, and that these settlement patterns adversely affect their health. Other studies question the association between immigrant segregation and area deprivation on one hand, and negative health outcomes on the other hand, and identify possible beneficial effects of segregation, specifically the ethnic density effect. This paper aims to explore the possible ethnic density effect among refugees, a sub-population that often appears relatively vulnerable compared with immigrants in general...
May 16, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786494/failure-to-tackle-suicide-inequalities-across-europe
#7
Jayati Das-Munshi, Graham Thornicroft
SummaryIn this issue, Lorant et al. confirm a social gradient in risk of suicide, across 15 European countries, over a period of marked social change. Understanding contextual and life-course factors, and acknowledging under-funding for mental health and failures to implement national mental health policies, may provide the reasons for these disparities.Declaration of interestNone.
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784038/chronic-traumatic-ankle-and-foot-osteomyelitis-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#8
Maryam Hosseini, Mostafa Allami, Mohammadreza Soroush, Fateme Babaha, Javad Minooeefar, Davood Rahimpoor
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis (OM) is an atypical consequence of ankle-foot trauma which is associated with long-term mental and physical morbidity and persistent pain. This study aimed to assess the health status of OM patients with war-related ankle-foot injuries. METHODS: A total of 1129 veterans with ankle-foot injuries participated in a case-control study (2014-2016). Thirty patients with chronic OM of the ankle-foot were compared with 90 non-OM participants as the control group...
May 15, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781917/health-outcomes-of-medically-and-economically-vulnerable-adults-a-comparison-of-former-foster-youth-and-nonfoster-youth
#9
Morgan E Cooley, Heather M Thompson, Heather Murray
Medically and economically vulnerable adults experience various challenges that can impact their health. Within this vulnerable population, there may be individuals who are even more vulnerable, those who have a history of involvement with the foster care system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference of reported health-related problems between adults with previous foster care experience and other vulnerable adults. Physical, mental, and relational health was evaluated in this study. Practice and policy implications for mental health and medical professionals are discussed...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781898/differential-association-of-stigma-with-perceived-need-and-mental-health-service-use
#10
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Joshua Breslau, M Audrey Burnam, Matthew Cefalu, Elizabeth A Roth
This study examined the role of stigma at two stages of the treatment-seeking process by assessing associations between various types of stigma and perceived need for mental health treatment as well as actual treatment use. We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2014 and 2016 California Well-Being Survey, a telephone survey with a representative sample of 1954 California residents with probable mental illness. Multivariable logistic regression indicated that perceived need was associated with less negative beliefs about mental illness (odds ratio [OR] = 0...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781372/chinese-perspectives-on-primary-care-for-common-mental-disorders-barriers-and-policy-implications
#11
Kai Sing Sun, Tai Pong Lam, Dan Wu
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has called for integration of mental health into primary care for a decade. In Western countries, around 15% to 25% of patients with common mental disorders including mood and anxiety disorders seek help from primary care physicians (PCPs). The rate is only about 5% in China. AIMS: This article reviews the Chinese findings on the barriers to primary care for common mental disorders and how they compared with Western findings...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779959/considering-disability-and-health-reflections-on-the-healthy-people-2020-midcourse-review
#12
Lisa Bundara Sinclair, Michael H Fox, Bruce S Jonas, Hugh G Berry, Louis A Quatrano, Angela K McGowan, Georgina Peacock
The Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) Midcourse Review (MCR) presents an opportunity for professionals in the disability and health field to contemplate preliminary progress toward achieving specific health objectives. The MCR showed notable progress in access to primary care, appropriate services for complex conditions associated with disability, expansion of health promotion programs focusing on disability, improving mental health, and reducing the unemployment rate among job seekers with disabilities. This commentary presents potential considerations, at least in part, for such progress including increased access to health care, greater awareness of appropriate services for complex conditions, and opportunities for societal participation...
April 19, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779551/emerging-roles-for-peer-providers-in-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#13
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash, Kimberly Mayer, Joanne Spetz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify and assess states with best practices in peer provider workforce development and employment. A growing body of research demonstrates that peer providers with lived experience contribute positively to the treatment and recovery of individuals with behavioral health needs. Increased employment opportunities have led to policy concerns about training, certification, roles, and reimbursement for peer provider services. METHODS: A case study approach included a national panel of subject matter experts who suggested best practice states...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779547/policy-pathways-to-address-provider-workforce-barriers-to-buprenorphine-treatment
#14
Rebecca L Haffajee, Amy S B Bohnert, Pooja A Lagisetty
At least 2.3 million people in the U.S. have an opioid use disorder, less than 40% of whom receive evidence-based treatment. Buprenorphine used as part of medication-assisted treatment has high potential to address this gap because of its approval for use in non-specialty outpatient settings, effectiveness at promoting abstinence, and cost effectiveness. However, less than 4% of licensed physicians are approved to prescribe buprenorphine for opioid use disorder, and approximately 47% of counties lack a buprenorphine-waivered physician...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779546/state-legislative-approach-to-enumerating-behavioral-health-workforce-shortages-lessons-learned-in-new-mexico
#15
Deborah B Altschul, Caroline A Bonham, Martha J Faulkner, Amy W Farnbach Pearson, Jessica Reno, Wayne Lindstrom, Shelley M Alonso-Marsden, Annette Crisanti, Julie G Salvador, Richard Larson
Nationally, the behavioral health workforce is in crisis because of a lack of resources, culturally responsive services, quality clinical supervision, sufficient training in evidence-based practices, and targeted recruitment and retention. Disparities in access to behavioral health care are particularly significant in New Mexico, where 25% of the population live in rural areas, and behavioral health shortages are among the highest in the nation. Additionally, as a Medicaid expansion state, New Mexico providers experience increased demand for services at a time when the state is challenged with limited workforce capacity...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779545/counseling-psychological-and-social-services-staffing-policies-in-u-s-school-districts
#16
Nancy Brener, Zewditu Demissie
INTRODUCTION: Schools are in a unique position to meet the mental and behavioral health needs of children and adolescents because approximately 95% of young people aged 7-17 years attend school. Little is known, however, about policies related to counseling, psychological, and social services staffing in school districts. This study analyzed the prevalence of such policies in public school districts in the U.S. METHODS: Data from four cycles (2000, 2006, 2012, and 2016) of the School Health Policies and Practices Study, a national survey periodically conducted to assess policies and practices for ten components of school health, were analyzed in 2017...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779452/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-of-the-outcome-of-severe-neglect-in-underresourced-childcare-institutions
#17
Alan Carr, Hollie Duff, Fiona Craddock
The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777100/uncovering-the-hidden-impacts-of-inequality-on-mental-health-a-global-study
#18
Shoukai Yu
Women are nearly twice as likely as men to suffer from mental illness. This gender disparity in depressive disorders may relate to social inequalities and living standards across nations. Currently, these disparities were not reflected at the level of health policies. This study utilized global data for depressive disorders and socioeconomic data from the United Nations' World Bank databases and Global Burden of Disease database to demonstrate the correlation between social inequality and gender disparities in mental health...
May 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776800/risk-of-emergency-hospital-admission-in-children-associated-with-mental-disorders-and-alcohol-misuse-in-the-household-an-electronic-birth-cohort-study
#19
Shantini Paranjothy, Annette Evans, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, David Fone, Behnaz Schofield, Ann John, Mark A Bellis, Ronan A Lyons, Daniel Farewell, Sara Jayne Long
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders and alcohol misuse are common in families but their effects on the physical health of children are not known. We investigated the risk of emergency hospital admissions during childhood associated with living with an adult who has a mental health disorder, or who had an alcohol-related hospital admission. METHODS: We did this cohort study in a total population electronic child cohort in Wales, UK, which includes all children who live in Wales or with a mother who is resident in Wales...
May 15, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776356/policy-development-and-challenges-of-global-mental-health-a-systematic-review-of-published-studies-of-national-level-mental-health-policies
#20
Wei Zhou, Yu Yu, Mei Yang, Lizhang Chen, Shuiyuan Xiao
BACKGROUND: Mental health policy can be an essential and powerful tool to improve a population's mental health. However, around one third of countries do not possess a mental health policy, and there are large disparities in population coverage rates between high- and low-income countries. The goal of this study is to identify the transition and implementation challenges of mental health policies in both high-income countries (HICs) as well as middle- and low-income countries (MLICs)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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