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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905963/accuracy-of-self-reported-height-weight-and-waist-circumference-in-a-general-adult-chinese-population
#1
Shurong Lu, Jian Su, Quanyong Xiang, Jinyi Zhou, Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Self-reported height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) are widely used to estimate the prevalence of obesity, which has been increasing rapidly in China, but there is limited evidence for the accuracy of self-reported data and the determinants of self-report bias among the general adult Chinese population. METHODS: Using a multi-stage cluster sampling method, 8399 residents aged 18 or above were interviewed in the Jiangsu Province of China. Information on self-reported height, weight, and WC, together with information on demographic factors and lifestyle behaviors, were collected through structured face-to-face interviews...
August 11, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903833/meal-distribution-of-dietary-protein-and-leucine-influences-long-term-muscle-mass-and-body-composition-in-adult-rats
#2
Layne E Norton, Gabriel J Wilson, Christopher J Moulton, Donald K Layman
BACKGROUND: Protein quantity and quality at a meal affect muscle protein synthesis (MPS); however, long-term effects of protein distribution at individual meals on adult muscle mass remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: We used a precise feeding protocol in adult rats to determine if optimizing postmeal MPS response by modifying the meal distribution of protein, and the amino acid leucine (Leu), would affect muscle mass. METHODS: Two studies were conducted with the use of male Sprague-Dawley rats (∼300 g) trained to consume 3 meals/d, then assigned to diet treatments with identical macronutrient contents (16% of energy from protein, 54% from carbohydrates, and 30% from fat) but differing in protein quality or meal distribution...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903541/lifelong-physical-activity-regardless-of-dose-is-not-associated-with-myocardial-fibrosis
#3
Shuaib M Abdullah, Kyler W Barkley, Paul S Bhella, Jeffrey L Hastings, Susan Matulevicius, Naoki Fujimoto, Shigeki Shibata, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, M Dean Palmer, Nainesh Gandhi, Laura F DeFina, Benjamin D Levine
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have suggested that long-term, intensive physical training may be associated with adverse cardiovascular effects, including the development of myocardial fibrosis. However, the dose-response association of different levels of lifelong physical activity on myocardial fibrosis has not been evaluated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seniors free of major chronic illnesses were recruited from predefined populations based on the consistent documentation of stable physical activity over >25 years and were classified into 4 groups by the number of sessions/week of aerobic activities ≥30 minutes: sedentary (group 1), <2 sessions; casual (group 2), 2 to 3 sessions; committed (group 3), 4 to 5 sessions; and Masters athletes (group 4), 6 to 7 sessions plus regular competitions...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870718/self-reported-preparedness-to-respond-to-mass-fatality-incidents-in-38-state-health-departments
#4
Jacqueline Merrill, Qi Zhi, Robyn R Gershon
CONTEXT: Public health departments play an important role in the preparation and response to mass fatality incidents (MFIs). OBJECTIVE: To describe MFI response capabilities of US state health departments. DESIGN: The data are part of a multisector cross-sectional study aimed at 5 sectors that comprise the US mass fatality infrastructure. Data were collected over a 6-week period via a self-administered, anonymous Web-based survey. SETTING: In 2014, a link to the survey was distributed via e-mail to health departments in 50 states and the District of Columbia...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869113/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-fat-mass-parameters-in-adolescents
#5
Alba Camacho-Cardenosa, Javier Brazo-Sayavera, Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Marta Marcos-Serrano, Rafael Timón, Guillermo Olcina
OBJECTIVE: Childhood and adolescence are key to the development of chronic disease stages, the distribution of fat an important factor in this regard. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects on fat parameters of a high intensity program developed in adolescents during physical education classes. METHODS: In 2013, 35 school-age children of Cáceres taken part in this study divided into two groups. The high-intensity group performed for 8 weeks, 4-6 sets of 20 seconds at maximal intensity with a ratio effort / recovery of 1: 3 to 1: 1...
November 21, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834504/redistribution-of-mechanical-work-at-the-knee-and-ankle-joints-during-fast-running-in-minimalist-shoes
#6
Joel T Fuller, Jonathan D Buckley, Margarita D Tsiros, Nicholas A T Brown, Dominic Thewlis
CONTEXT:  Minimalist shoes have been suggested as a way to alter running biomechanics to improve running performance and reduce injuries. However, to date, researchers have only considered the effect of minimalist shoes at slow running speeds. OBJECTIVE:  To determine if runners change foot-strike pattern and alter the distribution of mechanical work at the knee and ankle joints when running at a fast speed in minimalist shoes compared with conventional running shoes...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822289/interactions-of-exercise-training-and-high-fat-diet-on-adiponectin-forms-and-muscle-receptors-in-mice
#7
Mélany Pierard, Stéphanie Conotte, Alexandra Tassin, Sébastien Boutry, Pierrick Uzureau, Karim Zouaoui Boudjeltia, Alexandre Legrand
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by systemic disturbances that increase cardiovascular risk. Adiponectin (Ad) exhibits a cardioprotective function because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic properties. In the bloodstream, this adipocytokine circulates on multimers (Admer), among which high molecular weight (HMW) are the most active forms. Because alterations of Ad plasmatic levels, Admer distribution and receptor (AdipoR) expression have been described in murine models and obese patients, strategies that aim to enhance Ad production or its effect on target tissues are the subject of intense investigations...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740851/incidence-and-characteristics-of-meniscal-injuries-in-cadets-at-a-military-school-2013-2015
#8
Ji Zheng Ma, Shu Fang Cui, Fei Hu, Qiu Ju Lu, Wei Li
CONTEXT:  Meniscal injury is common among military service members. OBJECTIVE:  To examine the incidence and characteristics of meniscal injuries in cadets at a single military institution between 2013 and 2015. DESIGN:  Cohort study. SETTING:  Meniscal-injury data were collected at the Center of Rehabilitation Training, the People's Liberation Army University of Science and Technology. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  A total of 2479 cadets participating in physical activities between 2013 and 2015...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737674/effects-of-eight-weeks-of-time-restricted-feeding-16-8-on-basal-metabolism-maximal-strength-body-composition-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-resistance-trained-males
#9
Tatiana Moro, Grant Tinsley, Antonino Bianco, Giuseppe Marcolin, Quirico Francesco Pacelli, Giuseppe Battaglia, Antonio Palma, Paulo Gentil, Marco Neri, Antonio Paoli
BACKGROUND: Intermittent fasting (IF) is an increasingly popular dietary approach used for weight loss and overall health. While there is an increasing body of evidence demonstrating beneficial effects of IF on blood lipids and other health outcomes in the overweight and obese, limited data are available about the effect of IF in athletes. Thus, the present study sought to investigate the effects of a modified IF protocol (i.e. time-restricted feeding) during resistance training in healthy resistance-trained males...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706162/controlling-neglected-tropical-diseases-ntds-in-haiti-implementation-strategies-and-evidence-of-their-success
#10
Jean Frantz Lemoine, Anne Marie Desormeaux, Franck Monestime, Carl Renad Fayette, Luccene Desir, Abdel Nasser Direny, Sarah Carciunoiu, Lior Miller, Alaine Knipes, Patrick Lammie, Penelope Smith, Melissa Stockton, Lily Trofimovich, Kalpana Bhandari, Richard Reithinger, Kathryn Crowley, Eric Ottesen, Margaret Baker
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and soil-transmitted helminths (STH) have been targeted since 2000 in Haiti, with a strong mass drug administration (MDA) program led by the Ministry of Public Health and Population and its collaborating international partners. By 2012, Haiti's neglected tropical disease (NTD) program had reached full national scale, and with such consistently good epidemiological coverage that it is now able to stop treatment for LF throughout almost all of the country. Essential to this success have been in the detail of how MDAs were implemented...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705850/fate-and-mass-balance-of-contaminants-of-emerging-concern-during-wastewater-treatment-determined-using-the-fractionated-approach
#11
Zeina Baalbaki, Tamanna Sultana, Thomas Maere, Peter A Vanrolleghem, Chris D Metcalfe, Viviane Yargeau
Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) are often poorly removed from wastewater using conventional treatment technologies and there is limited understanding of their fate during treatment. Inappropriate sampling strategies lead to inaccuracies in estimating removals of CECs. In this study, we used the "fractionated approach" that accounts for the residence time distribution (RTD) in treatment units to investigate the fate of 26 target CECs in a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) that includes primary, secondary and tertiary treatment steps...
December 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670782/differences-in-procedural-knowledge-after-a-spaced-and-a-massed-version-of-an-intensive-course-in-emergency-medicine-investigating-a-very-short-spacing-interval
#12
Jan Breckwoldt, Jan R Ludwig, Joachim Plener, Torsten Schröder, Hans Gruber, Harm Peters
BACKGROUND: Distributing a fixed amount of teaching hours over a longer time period (spaced approach) may result in better learning than delivering the same amount of teaching within a shorter time (massed approach). While a spaced approach may provide more opportunities to elaborate the learning content, a massed approach allows for more economical utilisation of teaching facilities and to optimise time resources of faculty. Favourable effects of spacing have been demonstrated for postgraduate surgery training and for spacing intervals of weeks to months...
September 26, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669180/reliability-and-accuracy-of-a-standardized-shallow-water-running-test-to-determine-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#13
Elizabeth F Nagle, Mary E Sanders, Bethany B Gibbs, Barry A Franklin, Jacquelyn A Nagle, Philip J Prins, Caleb D Johnson, Robert J Robertson
A standardized fitness assessment is critical for the development of an individualized exercise prescription. Although the benefits of aquatic exercise have been well established, there remains the need for a standardized non-swimming protocol to accurately assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in shallow water. The present investigation was designed to assess: 1) reliability of a standardized Shallow Water Run (SWR) test of CRF; and 2) accuracy of a standardized SWR compared with a land-based treadmill test (LTM)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599464/automatic-annotation-and-visualization-tool-for-mass-spectrometry-based-glycomics
#14
Guang Xu, Xin Liu, Qing Yan Liu, Jianjun Li, Yanhong Zhou
RATIONALE: With the development of glycomics, a large number of glycan structures have been determined by using mass spectrometry (MS) based techniques. However, most glycan MS data needs to be manually annotated that is time-consuming, unreliable and inaccurate. METHODS: Herein we report a tool for automatically annotating and browsing N-glycan masses and isotopic distributions. We first constructed a training dataset using Consortium for Functional Glycomics database, in conjunction with data preprocessing and filtering by composition matching...
September 7, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554427/effects-of-a-moderately-high-protein-diet-and-interval-aerobic-training-combined-with-strength-endurance-exercise-on-markers-of-bone-metabolism-microarchitecture-and-turnover-in-obese-zucker-rats
#15
Elena Nebot, Virginia A Aparicio, Irene Coll-Risco, Daniel Camiletti-Moirón, Johannes Schneider, Garyfallia Kapravelou, Patrick Heimel, Rosario Martínez, Ana Andrade, Paul Slezak, Heinz Redl, Jesús M Porres, María López-Jurado, Peter Pietschmann, Pilar Aranda
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is a public health concern in obesity-related diseases such as metabolic syndrome, and the protein level of the diets seem to be crucial for the development and maintenance of bone. The nature of exercise and whether exercise in combination with moderately high-protein dietary interventions could protect against potential bone mass deficits remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a moderately high-protein diet and interval aerobic training combined with strength-endurance exercise (IASE) protocol on bone status, and to assess potential interaction effects (i...
November 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535012/prevalence-of-general-and-abdominal-obesity-and-overweight-among-adults-in-poland-results-of-the-wobasz-ii-study-2013-2014-and-comparison-with-the-wobasz-study-2003-2005
#16
Urszula Stepaniak, Agnieszka Micek, Anna Waśkiewicz, Wojciech Bielecki, Wojciech Drygas, Marianna Janion, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Arkadiusz Niklas, Aleksandra Puch-Walczak, Andrzej Pająk
INTRODUCTION There are limited data on the current prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as its changes with time in Poland. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity and overweight in Polish adults in the years 2013-2014, and to compare it with the prevalence in the years 2003-2005. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study was conducted in 2 independent, representative samples of the Polish population, comprising 14 537 persons (aged 20-74 years) examined in the years 2003-2005 and 6164 persons (aged ≥20 years) examined in the years 2013-2014...
August 18, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524941/accuracy-of-self-reported-height-weight-and-waist-circumference-in-a-general-adult-chinese-population
#17
Shurong Lu, Jian Su, Quanyong Xiang, Jinyi Zhou, Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Self-reported height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) are widely used to estimate the prevalence of obesity, which has been increasing rapidly in China, but there is limited evidence for the accuracy of self-reported data and the determinants of self-report bias among the general adult Chinese population. METHODS: Using a multi-stage cluster sampling method, 8399 residents aged 18 or above were interviewed in the Jiangsu Province of China. Information on self-reported height, weight, and WC, together with information on demographic factors and lifestyle behaviors, were collected through structured face-to-face interviews...
2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478285/conduit-dynamics-and-post-explosion-degassing-on-stromboli-a-combined-uv-camera-and-numerical-modeling-treatment
#18
T D Pering, A J S McGonigle, M R James, G Tamburello, A Aiuppa, D Delle Donne, M Ripepe
Recent gas flux measurements have shown that Strombolian explosions are often followed by periods of elevated flux, or "gas codas," with durations of order a minute. Here we present UV camera data from 200 events recorded at Stromboli volcano to constrain the nature of these codas for the first time, providing estimates for combined explosion plus coda SO2 masses of ≈18-225 kg. Numerical simulations of gas slug ascent show that substantial proportions of the initial gas mass can be distributed into a train of "daughter bubbles" released from the base of the slug, which we suggest, generate the codas, on bursting at the surface...
May 28, 2016: Geophysical Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477803/virtual-reality-simulation-training-of-mastoidectomy-studies-on-novice-performance
#19
Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen
Virtual reality (VR) simulation-based training is increasingly used in surgical technical skills training including in temporal bone surgery. The potential of VR simulation in enabling high-quality surgical training is great and VR simulation allows high-stakes and complex procedures such as mastoidectomy to be trained repeatedly, independent of patients and surgical tutors, outside traditional learning environments such as the OR or the temporal bone lab, and with fewer of the constraints of traditional training...
August 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461743/development-and-validation-of-a-shared-decision-making-instrument-for-health-related-quality-of-life-one-year-after-total-hip-replacement-based-on-quality-registries-data
#20
Szilard Nemes, Ola Rolfson, Göran Garellick
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Clinicians considering improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after total hip replacement (THR) must account for multiple pieces of information. Evidence-based decisions are important to best assess the effect of THR on HRQoL. This work aims at constructing a shared decision-making tool that helps clinicians assessing the future benefits of THR by offering predictions of 1-year postoperative HRQoL of THR patients. METHODS: We used data from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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