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distributed, massed, training

Ji Zheng Ma, Shu Fang Cui, Fei Hu, Qiu Ju Lu, Wei Li
CONTEXT:  Meniscal injury is common among military service members. OBJECTIVE:  To examine the incidence and characteristics of meniscal injuries in cadets at a single military institution between 2013 and 2015. DESIGN:  Cohort study. SETTING:  Meniscal-injury data were collected at the Center of Rehabilitation Training, the People's Liberation Army University of Science and Technology. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  A total of 2479 cadets participating in physical activities between 2013 and 2015...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Tatiana Moro, Grant Tinsley, Antonino Bianco, Giuseppe Marcolin, Quirico Francesco Pacelli, Giuseppe Battaglia, Antonio Palma, Paulo Gentil, Marco Neri, Antonio Paoli
BACKGROUND: Intermittent fasting (IF) is an increasingly popular dietary approach used for weight loss and overall health. While there is an increasing body of evidence demonstrating beneficial effects of IF on blood lipids and other health outcomes in the overweight and obese, limited data are available about the effect of IF in athletes. Thus, the present study sought to investigate the effects of a modified IF protocol (i.e. time-restricted feeding) during resistance training in healthy resistance-trained males...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Jean Frantz Lemoine, Anne Marie Desormeaux, Franck Monestime, Carl Renad Fayette, Luccene Desir, Abdel Nasser Direny, Sarah Carciunoiu, Lior Miller, Alaine Knipes, Patrick Lammie, Penelope Smith, Melissa Stockton, Lily Trofimovich, Kalpana Bhandari, Richard Reithinger, Kathryn Crowley, Eric Ottesen, Margaret Baker
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and soil-transmitted helminths (STH) have been targeted since 2000 in Haiti, with a strong mass drug administration (MDA) program led by the Ministry of Public Health and Population and its collaborating international partners. By 2012, Haiti's neglected tropical disease (NTD) program had reached full national scale, and with such consistently good epidemiological coverage that it is now able to stop treatment for LF throughout almost all of the country. Essential to this success have been in the detail of how MDAs were implemented...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Zeina Baalbaki, Tamanna Sultana, Thomas Maere, Peter A Vanrolleghem, Chris D Metcalfe, Viviane Yargeau
Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) are often poorly removed from wastewater using conventional treatment technologies and there is limited understanding of their fate during treatment. Inappropriate sampling strategies lead to inaccuracies in estimating removals of CECs. In this study, we used the "fractionated approach" that accounts for the residence time distribution (RTD) in treatment units to investigate the fate of 26 target CECs in a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) that includes primary, secondary and tertiary treatment steps...
October 2, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Jan Breckwoldt, Jan R Ludwig, Joachim Plener, Torsten Schröder, Hans Gruber, Harm Peters
BACKGROUND: Distributing a fixed amount of teaching hours over a longer time period (spaced approach) may result in better learning than delivering the same amount of teaching within a shorter time (massed approach). While a spaced approach may provide more opportunities to elaborate the learning content, a massed approach allows for more economical utilisation of teaching facilities and to optimise time resources of faculty. Favourable effects of spacing have been demonstrated for postgraduate surgery training and for spacing intervals of weeks to months...
September 26, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Elizabeth F Nagle, Mary E Sanders, Bethany B Gibbs, Barry A Franklin, Jacquelyn A Nagle, Philip J Prins, Caleb D Johnson, Robert J Robertson
A standardized fitness assessment is critical for the development of an individualized exercise prescription. Although the benefits of aquatic exercise have been well established, there remains the need for a standardized non-swimming protocol to accurately assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in shallow water. The present investigation was designed to assess: 1) reliability of a standardized Shallow Water Run (SWR) test of CRF; and 2) accuracy of a standardized SWR compared with a land-based treadmill test (LTM)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Guang Xu, Xin Liu, Qing Yan Liu, Jianjun Li, Yanhong Zhou
RATIONALE: With the development of glycomics, a large number of glycan structures have been determined by using mass spectrometry (MS) based techniques. However, most glycan MS data needs to be manually annotated that is time-consuming, unreliable and inaccurate. METHODS: Herein we report a tool for automatically annotating and browsing N-glycan masses and isotopic distributions. We first constructed a training dataset using Consortium for Functional Glycomics database, in conjunction with data preprocessing and filtering by composition matching...
September 7, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Elena Nebot, Virginia A Aparicio, Irene Coll-Risco, Daniel Camiletti-Moirón, Johannes Schneider, Garyfallia Kapravelou, Patrick Heimel, Rosario Martínez, Ana Andrade, Paul Slezak, Heinz Redl, Jesús M Porres, María López-Jurado, Peter Pietschmann, Pilar Aranda
BACKGROUND: Weight loss is a public health concern in obesity-related diseases such as metabolic syndrome, and the protein level of the diets seem to be crucial for the development and maintenance of bone. The nature of exercise and whether exercise in combination with moderately high-protein dietary interventions could protect against potential bone mass deficits remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a moderately high-protein diet and interval aerobic training combined with strength-endurance exercise (IASE) protocol on bone status, and to assess potential interaction effects (i...
November 2016: Bone
Urszula Stepaniak, Agnieszka Micek, Anna Waśkiewicz, Wojciech Bielecki, Wojciech Drygas, Marianna Janion, Krystyna Kozakiewicz, Arkadiusz Niklas, Aleksandra Puch-Walczak, Andrzej Pająk
INTRODUCTION There are limited data on the current prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as its changes with time in Poland. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of general and abdominal obesity and overweight in Polish adults in the years 2013-2014, and to compare it with the prevalence in the years 2003-2005. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study was conducted in 2 independent, representative samples of the Polish population, comprising 14 537 persons (aged 20-74 years) examined in the years 2003-2005 and 6164 persons (aged ≥20 years) examined in the years 2013-2014...
August 18, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
Shurong Lu, Jian Su, Quanyong Xiang, Jinyi Zhou, Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Self-reported height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) are widely used to estimate the prevalence of obesity, which has been increasing rapidly in China, but there is limited evidence for the accuracy of self-reported data and the determinants of self-report bias among the general adult Chinese population. METHODS: Using a multi-stage cluster sampling method, 8399 residents aged 18 or above were interviewed in the Jiangsu Province of China. Information on self-reported height, weight, and WC, together with information on demographic factors and lifestyle behaviors, were collected through structured face-to-face interviews...
2016: Population Health Metrics
T D Pering, A J S McGonigle, M R James, G Tamburello, A Aiuppa, D Delle Donne, M Ripepe
Recent gas flux measurements have shown that Strombolian explosions are often followed by periods of elevated flux, or "gas codas," with durations of order a minute. Here we present UV camera data from 200 events recorded at Stromboli volcano to constrain the nature of these codas for the first time, providing estimates for combined explosion plus coda SO2 masses of ≈18-225 kg. Numerical simulations of gas slug ascent show that substantial proportions of the initial gas mass can be distributed into a train of "daughter bubbles" released from the base of the slug, which we suggest, generate the codas, on bursting at the surface...
May 28, 2016: Geophysical Research Letters
Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen
Virtual reality (VR) simulation-based training is increasingly used in surgical technical skills training including in temporal bone surgery. The potential of VR simulation in enabling high-quality surgical training is great and VR simulation allows high-stakes and complex procedures such as mastoidectomy to be trained repeatedly, independent of patients and surgical tutors, outside traditional learning environments such as the OR or the temporal bone lab, and with fewer of the constraints of traditional training...
August 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Szilard Nemes, Ola Rolfson, Göran Garellick
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Clinicians considering improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after total hip replacement (THR) must account for multiple pieces of information. Evidence-based decisions are important to best assess the effect of THR on HRQoL. This work aims at constructing a shared decision-making tool that helps clinicians assessing the future benefits of THR by offering predictions of 1-year postoperative HRQoL of THR patients. METHODS: We used data from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Chun Xu, Amy Silder, Ju Zhang, Julie Hughes, Ginu Unnikrishnan, Jaques Reifman, Vineet Rakesh
Prior studies have assessed the effects of load carriage on the tibia. Here, we expand on these studies and investigate the effects of load carriage on joint reaction forces (JRFs) and the resulting spatiotemporal stress/strain distributions in the tibia. Using full-body motion and ground reaction forces from a female subject, we computed joint and muscle forces during walking for four load carriage conditions. We applied these forces as physiological loading conditions in a finite-element (FE) analysis to compute strain and stress...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
O R Gibson, A G B Willmott, C James, M Hayes, N S Maxwell
Controlling internal temperature is crucial when prescribing exercise-heat stress, particularly during interventions designed to induce thermoregulatory adaptations. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the rate of rectal temperature (Trec) increase, and various methods for prescribing exercise-heat stress, to identify the most efficient method of prescribing isothermic heat acclimation (HA) training.Thirty-five males cycled in hot conditions (40°C, 39%R.H.) for 29±2 min. Subjects exercised at 60±9%V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak, with methods for prescribing exercise retrospectively observed for each participant...
June 29, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Shabbir Lalji, Jeremiah M Ngondi, Narjis G Thawer, Autman Tembo, Renata Mandike, Ally Mohamed, Frank Chacky, Charles D Mwalimu, George Greer, Naomi Kaspar, Karen Kramer, Bertha Mlay, Kheri Issa, Jane Lweikiza, Anold Mutafungwa, Mary Nzowa, Ritha A Willilo, Waziri Nyoni, David Dadi, Mahdi M Ramsan, Richard Reithinger, Stephen M Magesa
Tanzania successfully scaled up coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) through mass campaigns. To sustain these gains, a school-based approach was piloted in the country's Southern Zone starting in 2013, called the School Net Program 1 (SNP1). We report on the design, implementation, monitoring, and outputs of the second round (SNP2) undertaken in 2014. SNP2 was conducted in all schools in Lindi, Mtwara, and Ruvuma regions, targeting students in primary (Standards 1, 3, 5, and 7) and secondary (Forms 2 and 4) schools and all teachers...
June 20, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
F Mück, K Wirth, M Muggenthaler, K G Kanz, U Kreimeier, D Maxien, U Linsenmeier, W Mutschler, S Wirth
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty incidents (MCI) have particularly high demands on patient care processes but occur rather rarely in daily hospital routine. Therefore, it is common to use simulations to train staff and to optimize institutional processes. OBJECTIVES: Aim of study was to compare the pre-therapeutic in-house workflow of two differently structured level 1 trauma sites in the case of a simulated mass casualty incident (MCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MCI of 70 patients was simulated by actors in a manner that was as realistic as possible...
August 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Trias Mahmudiono, Triska Susila Nindya, Dini Ririn Andrias, Hario Megatsari, Richard R Rosenkranz
BACKGROUND: Nutrition transition in developing countries were induced by rapid changes in food patterns and nutrient intake when populations adopt modern lifestyles during economic and social development, urbanization and acculturation. Consequently, these countries suffer from the double burden of malnutrition, consisting of unresolved undernutrition and the rise of overweight/obesity. The prevalence of the double burden of malnutrition tends to be highest for moderate levels (third quintile) of socioeconomic status...
2016: BMC Public Health
Michelle Stanton, Andrew Molineux, Charles Mackenzie, Louise Kelly-Hope
BACKGROUND: As global mobile phone penetration increases, direct health information communication from hard-to-reach communities is becoming commonplace. Mobile health (mHealth) tools that enable disease control programs to benefit from this information, while simultaneously empowering community members to take control of their own health, are vital to the goal of universal health care. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to highlight the development of the Liverpool mHealth Suite (LMS), which has been designed to address this need and improve health services for neglected tropical diseases being targeted for global elimination, such as lymphatic filariasis...
January 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
G Regel, M Bracht, M Huth, K J Maier, W Böcker
Mass casualty incidents (MCI) in this day and age represent a special challenge, which initially require on-site coordination and logistics and then a professional distribution of victims (triage) to surrounding hospitals. Technical, logistical and even specialist errors can impair this flow of events. It therefore seems advisable to make a detailed analysis of every MCI. In this article the railway incident from 9 February 2016 is analyzed taking the preclinical and clinical cirumstances into consideration and conclusions for future management are drawn...
June 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
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