keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

distributed, massed, training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719848/a-questionnaire-study-on-the-attitudes-and-previous-experience-of-croatian-family-physicians-toward-their-preparedness-for-disaster-management
#1
Tanja Pekez-Pavliško, Maja Račić, Dinka Jurišić
Objective: To explore family physicians' attitudes, previous experience and self-assessed preparedness to respond or to assist in mass casualty incidents in Croatia. Methods: The cross-sectional survey was carried out during January 2017. Study participants were recruited through a Facebook group that brings together family physicians from Croatia. They were asked to complete the questionnaire, which was distributed via google.docs. Knowledge and attitudes toward disaster preparedness were evaluated by 18 questions...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609827/development-and-validation-of-a-training-and-assessment-tool-for-laparoscopic-radical-nephrectomy
#2
C Lovegrove, E Bruce, N Raison, S Khan, C Brown, A Rane, M Sheriff, P Dasgupta, K Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy(LRN) is a cornerstone in managing renal cancer and small renal masses. Twenty-first century surgical training faces challenges, thus must be efficient and safe so surgeons attain relevant skills, protecting patients and operative outcomes. This study aimed to systematically develop a tool for training and assessment in LRN and validate the developed tool for use by trainee urologists. METHODS: This prospective, longitudinal, multi-institutional study was undertaken from September 2014 - June 2015...
March 30, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603230/body-fat-rather-than-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-gingivitis-a-southern-brazilian-cross-sectional-study
#3
Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Ricardo Dos Santos Araújo Costa, Juliano Cavagni, Fernanda Carpes Milanesi, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes, Rui Vicente Oppermann, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and body fat with gingivitis in 613 adults of Porto Alegre, Brazil. METHODS: Individuals with at least four teeth were included in this study. They were identified through a multi-stage probability sampling, considering the city distribution of sex and age. Structured interviews were conducted by trained researchers in order to collect sociodemographic characteristics, behavioral habits, and systemic impaired conditions...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590139/the-effects-of-unilateral-and-bilateral-eccentric-overload-training-on-hypertrophy-muscle-power-and-cod-performance-and-its-determinants-in-team-sport-players
#4
Francisco Javier Núñez, Alfredo Santalla, Irene Carrasquila, Jose Antonio Asian, Jose Ignacio Reina, Luis Jesús Suarez-Arrones
The study aimed to compare the chronic eccentric-overload training effects of unilateral (lateral lunge) vs bilateral (half-squat) using an inertial device, on hypertrophy and physical performance. Twenty-seven young team sports male players performed a 4 sets of 7 repetitions of inertial eccentric overload training, biweekly for 6 weeks, distributed in unilateral lunge group (UG: age: 22.8 ± 2.9 years; body mass: 75.3 ± 8.8 kg; height: 177.3 ± 3.7 cm) and bilateral squat group (BG: age: 22.6 ± 2.7 years; body mass: 79...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589405/static-and-dynamic-plantar-pressure-distribution-in-amateur-marathon-runners
#5
Arletta Hawrylak, Paweł Matner, Aneta Demidaś, Katarzyna Barczyk-Pawelec, Ewa Demczuk-Włodarczyk
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the static and dynamic plantar pressure profiles of amateur marathon runners with sedentary cohorts. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: Are there differences in the plantar pressures of these two populations? Is there a correlation between body mass and BMI with plantar loading? METHODS: The study involved 43 runners involved in marathon training and 30 age-matched untrained individuals. Plantar pressure was measured using a baropodometric system...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533150/the-association-between-dietary-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-and-a-body-shape-and-fat-distribution-among-apparently-healthy-iranian-adults
#6
Abdul-Mutala Fuseini, Mohammad Hossein Rahimi, Mehdi Mollahosseini, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Zhila Maghbooli, Khadijeh Mirzaei
OBJECTIVE: The role of dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) in the development of obesity has been debated globally. The relationship with body shape and fat distribution was examined in this cross-sectional association study among apparently healthy Iranian adults. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A study population of 265 (126 males and 139 females) aged 18-55 years participated in this cross-sectional study from the communities of Tehran based on cluster sampling...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532132/optimization-of-field-and-laboratory-sample-processing-for-characterization-of-metallic-residues-at-military-training-ranges
#7
J L Clausen, T Georgian, K H Gardner, T A Douglas
Military ranges are unlike many waste sites because the contaminants, both energetics and metals, are heterogeneously distributed in soil during explosive detonation or ballistic impact and cannot be readily characterized using conventional grab sampling. The Incremental Sampling Methodology (ISM) has been successful for characterization of energetic contamination in soils, but no published ISM processing studies for soils with small arms range metals such as Pb, Cu, Sb, and Zn exists. This study evaluated several ISM sample-processing steps: (1) field splitting to reduce the sample mass shipped to the analytical laboratory, (2) necessity of milling, and (3) processing a larger subsample mass for digestion in lieu of milling...
March 12, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507393/plasma-steroids-body-composition-and-fat-distribution-effects-of-age-sex-and-exercise-training
#8
Zihong He, Tuomo Rankinen, Arthur S Leon, James S Skinner, André Tchernof, Claude Bouchard
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Plasma steroid hormone levels vary between men and women, but their associations with BMI and adiposity are controversial. Furthermore, little is known about the role of exercise programs on the relationship between steroid hormones and adiposity. This report evaluates these relationships for plasma levels of adrenal, gonadal, and conjugated steroids with body composition and fat distribution in sedentary men and women, aged 17-65 years, and their responses to an exercise program...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505512/a-demonstration-area-for-type-2-diabetes-prevention-in-barranquilla-and-juan-mina-colombia-baseline-characteristics-of-the-study-participants
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tania Acosta, Noël C Barengo, Astrid Arrieta, Carlos Ricaurte, Jaakko O Tuomilehto
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) imposes a heavy public health burden in both developed and developing countries. It is necessary to understand the effect of T2D in different settings and population groups. This report aimed to present baseline characteristics of study participants in the demonstration area for the "Type 2 Diabetes Prevention in Barranquilla and Juan Mina" (DEMOJUAN) project after randomization and to compare their fasting and 2-hour glucose levels according to lifestyle and T2D risk factor levels...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494292/paralytic-and-non-paralytic-muscle-adaptations-to-exercise-training-vs-high-protein-diet-in-individuals-with-long-standing-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Ceren Yarar-Fisher, Keith Fl Polston, Mualla Eraslan, Kathryn Y Henley, Gizem I Kinikli, C Scott Bickel, Samuel T Windham, Amie B McLain, Robert A Oster, Marcas M Bamman
This study compares the effects of an 8-week iso-caloric high protein (HP) diet versus a combination exercise (Comb-Ex) regimen on paralytic vastus lateralis (VL) and non-paralytic deltoid muscle in individuals with long-standing spinal cord injury (SCI). Fiber type distribution, cross-sectional area (CSA), levels of translation initiation signaling proteins (Erk-1/2, Akt, p70S6K1, 4EBP1, RPS6, and FAK), and lean thigh mass were analyzed at baseline and after the 8-week interventions. A total of 11 participants (C5-T12 levels, 21...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474742/deep-feature-classification-of-angiomyolipoma-without-visible-fat-and-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-abdominal-contrast-enhanced-ct-images-with-texture-image-patches-and-hand-crafted-feature-concatenation
#11
Hansang Lee, Helen Hong, Junmo Kim, Dae Chul Jung
PURPOSE: To develop an automatic deep feature classification (DFC) method for distinguishing benign angiomyolipoma without visible fat (AMLwvf) from malignant clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) from abdominal contrast-enhanced computer tomography (CE CT) images. METHODS: A dataset including 80 abdominal CT images of 39 AMLwvf and 41 ccRCC patients was used. We proposed a DFC method for differentiating the small renal masses (SRM) into AMLwvf and ccRCC using the combination of hand-crafted and deep features, and machine learning classifiers...
April 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466266/biomechanical-analysis-of-suspension-training-push-up
#12
Giuseppe F Giancotti, Andrea Fusco, Carlo Varalda, Laura Capranica, Cristina Cortis
Giancotti, GF, Fusco, A, Varalda, C, Capranica, L, and Cortis, C. Biomechanical analysis of suspension training push-up. J Strength Cond Res 32(3): 602-609, 2018-The aims of this study were to evaluate the load distribution between upper and lower extremities during suspension training (ST) push-up at different lengths of ST device and to predict useful equations to estimate the training load. After giving informed consent for participation, 25 subjects (17 men and 8 women; age = 28.1 ± 5.2 years; body mass = 69...
March 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425472/the-use-of-field-triage-in-disaster-and-mass-casualty-incidents-a-survey-of-current-practices-by-ems-personnel
#13
Kevin Ryan, Douglas George, James Liu, Patricia Mitchell, Kerrie Nelson, Ricky Kue
BACKGROUND: Mass casualty incident (MCI) triage and the use of triage tags to assign treatment priorities are not fully implemented despite emergency medical services (EMS) personnel training during drills and exercises. OBJECTIVES: To compare current field triage practices during both training and actual MCIs and identify any potential barriers to use. METHODS: During training sessions from November 2015 through March 2016, an anonymous survey was distributed to personnel in 3 distinct types of paid full-time EMS systems: Boston EMS (2-tiered, municipal third-service); Portland Fire Department (fire department-based ALS); and Stokes County EMS (county-based ALS) combined with Forsyth County EMS (county-based ALS)...
February 9, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420149/muscle-glycogen-depletion-does-not-alter-segmental-extracellular-and-intracellular-water-distribution-measured-using-bioimpedance-spectroscopy
#14
Keisuke Shiose, Yosuke Yamada, Keiko Motonaga, Hideyuki Takahashi
Although each gram of glycogen is well known to bind 2.7-4.0 g of water, no studies have been conducted on the effect of muscle glycogen depletion on body water distribution. We investigated changes in extracellular and intracellular water (ECW and ICW) distribution in each body segment in muscle glycogen-depletion and glycogen-recovery condition using segmental bioimpedance spectroscopy technique (BIS). Twelve male subjects consumed 7.0 g.kg body mass-1 of indigestible (glycogen-depleted group) or digestible (glycogen-recovered group) carbohydrate for 24 hours after a glycogen-depletion cycling exercise...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373433/leptin-and-leptin-receptor-genes-are-associated-with-obesity-related-traits-changes-in-response-to-aerobic-training-program
#15
Agata Leońska-Duniec, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Aleksandra Jażdżewska, Ficek Krzysztof, Paweł Cięszczyk
Leońska-Duniec, A, Jastrzębski, Z, Jażdżewska, A, Krzysztof, F, and Cięszczyk, P. Leptin and leptin receptor genes are associated with obesity-related traits changes in response to aerobic training program. J Strength Cond Res 32(4): 1036-1044, 2018-Leptin (LEP) and leptin receptor (LEPR) genes have been studied for their potential association with development of human obesity and its related complications. Therefore, we have decided to check whether selected body mass, body composition, and metabolic variables observed in physically active participants will be modulated by the polymorphisms...
April 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369014/the-categorization-of-amateur-cyclists-as-research-participants-findings-from-an-observational-study
#16
Jose Ignacio Priego Quesada, Zachary Y Kerr, William M Bertucci, Felipe P Carpes
Sampling bias is an issue for research involving cyclists. The heterogeneity of cyclist populations, on the basis of skill level and riding purpose, can generate incorrect inferences about one specific segment of the population of interest. In addition, a more accurate categorization would be helpful when physiological parameters are not available. This study proposes using self-reported data to categorize amateur cyclist types by varying skill levels and riding purposes, therefore improving sample selection in experimental studies...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319585/which-us-states-pose-the-greatest-threats-to-military-readiness-and-public-health-public-health-policy-implications-for-a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-body-mass-index-and-injuries-among-us-army-recruits
#17
Daniel B Bornstein, George L Grieve, Morgan N Clennin, Alexander C McLain, Laurie P Whitsel, Michael W Beets, Keith G Hauret, Bruce H Jones, Mark A Sarzynski
OBJECTIVE: Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296211/global-lipidomics-identified-plasma-lipids-as-novel-biomarkers-for-early-detection-of-lung-cancer
#18
Zongtao Yu, Hankui Chen, Junmei Ai, Yong Zhu, Yan Li, Jeffrey A Borgia, Jin-Song Yang, Jicai Zhang, Bin Jiang, Wei Gu, Youping Deng
Purpose: Lipids play roles in membrane structure, energy storage, and signal transduction as well as in human cancers. Here we adopt lipidomics to identify plasma lipid markers for early screening and detection of lung cancer. Experimental Design: Using mass spectrometry, we profiled 390 individual lipids using training and validation strategy in a total of 346 plasma samples from 199 early NSCLC patients, including 113 adenocacinoma and 86 squamous cell cancers (SqCC), and from 147 healthy controls...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258585/effects-of-endurance-training-on-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-function-in-huntington-disease-patients
#19
Sandro Manuel Mueller, Saskia Maria Gehrig, Jens A Petersen, Sebastian Frese, Violeta Mihaylova, Maria Ligon-Auer, Natalia Khmara, Jean-Marc Nuoffer, André Schaller, Carsten Lundby, Marco Toigo, Hans H Jung
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial dysfunction may represent a pathogenic factor in Huntington disease (HD). Physical exercise leads to enhanced mitochondrial function in healthy participants. However, data on effects of physical exercise on HD skeletal muscle remains scarce. We aimed at investigating adaptations of the skeletal muscle mitochondria to endurance training in HD patients. METHODS: Thirteen HD patients and 11 healthy controls completed 26 weeks of endurance training...
December 19, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247985/slow-movement-resistance-training-using-body-weight-improves-muscle-mass-in-the-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
S Tsuzuku, T Kajioka, H Sakakibara, K Shimaoka
To examine the effect of a 12-week slow movement resistance training using body weight as a load (SRT-BW) on muscle mass, strength, and fat distribution in healthy elderly people. Fifty-three men and 35 women aged 70 years old or older without experience in resistance training participated, and they were randomly assigned to a SRT-BW group or control group. The control group did not receive any intervention, but participants in this group underwent a repeat measurement 12 weeks later. The SRT-BW program consisted of 3 different exercises (squat, tabletop push-up, and sit-up), which were designed to stimulate anterior major muscles...
April 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
keyword
keyword
106093
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"