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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120807/residual-behavior-and-risk-assessment-of-tridemorph-in-banana-conditions
#1
Siwei Wang, Haibin Sun, Yanping Liu
An efficient method has been developed for determining tridemorph in banana using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). The dissipation and terminal residue of tridemorph in banana fields were carried out at good agricultural practice (GAP) conditions. The average recoveries ranged from 84.4% to 90.0% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) of 3.0%-7.0% at three different spiking levels. The results indicated that the tridemorph dissipated quickly in banana with half-lives of 7...
April 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100924/a-practical-method-to-calculate-the-r1-index-of-waste-to-energy-facilities
#2
Federico Viganò
According to Directive 98/2008/EC, the operation carried out by an incinerator of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is classified either as energy recovery (R1) or as disposal (D10) depending on the result achieved by the application of the R1 formula. In 2011 the DG Environment of the European Commission (EC) issued some non-binding guidelines on the interpretation of such a formula that clarified many aspects related to its application. A point not fully clarified by the EC guidelines is the determination of the energy contained in the treated waste (EW)...
October 31, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093827/obesity-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-case-controlled-study-in-scotland
#3
Isobel M Cameron, Ross J Hamilton, Gordon Fernie, Stephen A MacGillivray
Background: Despite extensive clinical concern about rates of obesity in patients with schizophrenia, there is little evidence of the extent of this problem at a population level. Aims: To estimate levels of obesity in a national population sample by comparing patients with schizophrenia with matched controls. Method: We calculated levels of obesity for each patient with schizophrenia from the national Primary Care Clinical Informatics Unit database (n=4658) matched with age, gender and neighbourhood controls...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091684/extending-the-applicability-of-the-four-flux-radiative-transfer-method
#4
Marc A Gali, Angus R Gentle, Matthew D Arnold, Geoffrey B Smith
A generalized four-flux method capable of modeling and tuning the spectral reflectance of a diverse range of complex composite coatings is presented. An example application is exploring and maximizing the visible and near-infrared (IR) spectral reflectance available from the diverse structures arising from combinations of the many practical paint ingredients that are available or can be made when applied to different substrates. This requires consideration of scatterers that can differ in composition, particle size, size distribution, and fill factor, and are held in place by a variety of organic binders, which typically partially absorb in the near IR...
November 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029619/malaria-prevalence-prevention-and-treatment-seeking-practices-among-nomadic-pastoralists-in-northern-senegal
#5
Mame Cheikh Seck, Julie Thwing, Fatou Ba Fall, Jules Francois Gomis, Awa Deme, Yaye Die Ndiaye, Rachel Daniels, Sarah K Volkman, Medoune Ndiop, Mady Ba, Daouda Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: Malaria transmission in Senegal is highly stratified, from low in the dry north to moderately high in the moist south. In northern Senegal, along the Senegal River Valley and in the Ferlo semi-desert region, annual incidence is less than five cases per 1000 inhabitants. Many nomadic pastoralists have permanent dwellings in the Ferlo Desert and Senegal River Valley, but spend dry season in the south with their herds, returning north when the rains start, leading to a concern that this population could contribute to ongoing transmission in the north...
October 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983505/comparison-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-by-capillary-action-suction-and-no-suction-methods-a-randomized-blinded-study
#6
Rinkesh K Bansal, Narendra S Choudhary, Rajesh Puri, Saurabh K Patle, Suraj Bhagat, Mukesh Nasa, Amit Bhasin, Haimanti Sarin, Mridula Guleria, Randhir Sud
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM : Different types of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) techniques are used in clinical practice; the best method in terms of outcome has not been determined. The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic adequacy of aspirated material, and the cytopathological and EUS morphological features between capillary action, suction, and no-suction FNA methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  This was a prospective, single-blinded, randomized study conducted at a tertiary care hospital...
October 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970097/urinary-schistosomiasis-in-school-aged-children-of-two-rural-endemic-communities-in-edo-state-nigeria
#7
Rukeme M Noriode, Emmanuel T Idowu, Olubunmi A Otubanjo, Margaret A Mafe
BACKGROUND: Urinary schistosomiasis is endemic in many rural communities of Nigeria and school aged children are mostly affected. A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the prevalence and intensity of urinary schistosomiasis infection among 251 school aged children in two communities of Ovia South West LGA of Edo State, Nigeria, as well as their knowledge on the control/elimination measures. METHODS: Urine samples were collected and examined by microscopy using filtration technique...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942314/effects-of-long-term-grassland-management-on-the-carbon-and-nitrogen-pools-of-different-soil-aggregate-fractions
#8
Gary Egan, Michael J Crawley, Dario A Fornara
Common grassland management practices include animal grazing and the repeated addition of lime and nutrient fertilizers to soils. These practices can greatly influence the size and distribution of different soil aggregate fractions, thus altering the cycling and storage of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in grassland soils. So far, very few studies have simultaneously addressed the potential long-term effect that multiple management practices might have on soil physical aggregation. Here we specifically ask whether and how grazing, liming and nutrient fertilization might influence C and N content (%) as well as C and N pools of different soil aggregate fractions in a long-term grassland experiment established in 1991 at Silwood Park, Berkshire, UK...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938248/a-youth-compendium-of-physical-activities-activity-codes-and-metabolic-intensities
#9
Nancy F Butte, Kathleen B Watson, Kate Ridley, Issa F Zakeri, Robert G McMurray, Karin A Pfeiffer, Scott E Crouter, Stephen D Herrmann, David R Bassett, Alexander Long, Zekarias Berhane, Stewart G Trost, Barbara E Ainsworth, David Berrigan, Janet E Fulton
PURPOSE: A Youth Compendium of Physical Activities (Youth Compendium) was developed to estimate the energy costs of physical activities using data on youth only. METHODS: Based on a literature search and pooled data of energy expenditure measurements in youth, the energy costs of 196 activities were compiled in 16 activity categories to form a Youth Compendium of Physical Activities. To estimate the intensity of each activity, measured oxygen consumption (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) was divided by basal metabolic rate (Schofield age-, sex- and mass-specific equations) to produce a youth MET (METy)...
September 21, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933906/neural-bases-of-automaticity
#10
Mathieu Servant, Peter Cassey, Geoffrey F Woodman, Gordon D Logan
Automaticity allows us to perform tasks in a fast, efficient, and effortless manner after sufficient practice. Theories of automaticity propose that across practice processing transitions from being controlled by working memory to being controlled by long-term memory retrieval. Recent event-related potential (ERP) studies have sought to test this prediction, however, these experiments did not use the canonical paradigms used to study automaticity. Specifically, automaticity is typically studied using practice regimes with consistent mapping between targets and distractors and spaced practice with individual targets, features that these previous studies lacked...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926812/isotope-and-microbiome-data-provide-complementary-information-to-identify-natural-nitrate-attenuation-processes-in-groundwater
#11
Elena Hernández-Del Amo, Anna Menció, Frederic Gich, Josep Mas-Pla, Lluís Bañeras
Natural attenuation processes alleviate the impact of fertilization practices on groundwater resources. Therefore, identifying the occurrence of denitrification has become a requirement for water quality management. Several approaches are useful for this purpose, such as isotopic and microbiological methods, each of them providing distinct but complementary information about denitrification reactions, attenuation rates and their occurrence in the aquifer. In this paper, we investigate the contribution of both approaches to describe denitrification in a consolidated rock aquifer (limestone and marls), with a porosity related to fracture networks located in the northeastern sector of the Osona basin (NE Spain)...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919802/abcb1-and-abcc1-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-patients-treated-with-clozapine
#12
Irina Piatkov, Dorgival Caetano, Yolinda Assur, Sue Lynn Lau, Trudi Jones, Steven C Boyages, Mark McLean
Clozapine (CZ) has superior efficacy to other antipsychotic agents in the treatment of schizophrenia and has been extensively used in clinical practice. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter proteins are responsible for the distribution of various molecules as well as drugs across extracellular and intracellular membranes, including the blood-brain barrier. Genetic variations in these proteins can account for differences in treatment response. We investigated the influence of ABCB1 rs1045642 and ABCC1 rs212090 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on CZ serum level, clinical outcome, and changes in body mass index (BMI) in the first year of CZ treatment...
2017: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918763/identifying-factors-that-may-influence-decision-making-related-to-the-distribution-of-patients-during-a-mass-casualty-incident
#13
Trevor Nt Hall, Andrew McDonald, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify and seek agreement on factors that may influence decision-making related to the distribution of patients during a mass casualty incident. METHODS: A qualitative thematic analysis of a literature review identified 56 unique factors related to the distribution of patients in a mass casualty incident. A modified Delphi study was conducted and used purposive sampling to identify peer reviewers that had either (1) a peer-reviewed publication within the area of disaster management or (2) disaster management experience...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880869/differences-in-chemical-constituents-of-artemisia-annua-l-from-different-geographical-regions-in-china
#14
Xiaobo Zhang, Yuping Zhao, Lanping Guo, Zhidong Qiu, Luqi Huang, Xiaobo Qu
BACKGROUND: Daodi-herb is a part of Chinese culture, which has been naturally selected by traditional Chinese medicine clinical practice for many years. Sweet wormwood herb is a kind of Daodi-herb, and comes from Artemisia annua L. Artemisinin is a kind of effective antimalarial drug being extracted from A. annua. Because of artemisinin, Sweet wormwood herb earns a reputation. Based on the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (PPRC), Sweet wormwood herb can be used to resolve summerheat-heat, and prevent malaria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829416/quantitative-localization-of-a-golgi-protein-by-imaging-its-center-of-fluorescence-mass
#15
Hieng Chiong Tie, Bing Chen, Xiuping Sun, Li Cheng, Lei Lu
The Golgi complex consists of serially stacked membrane cisternae which can be further categorized into sub-Golgi regions, including the cis-Golgi, medial-Golgi, trans-Golgi and trans-Golgi network. Cellular functions of the Golgi are determined by the characteristic distribution of its resident proteins. The spatial resolution of conventional light microscopy is too low to resolve sub-Golgi structure or cisternae. Thus, the immuno-gold electron microscopy is a method of choice to localize a protein at the sub-Golgi level...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820411/-importance-of-shear-wave-elastography-of-livers-in-practically-healthy-pregnant-women
#16
E Sariyeva, S Salahova, N Bayramov
Pulse-wave elastography (SWE) that is one of the mostly used methods in the recent years holds important place in assessment of liver fibrosis. However there is no exact information on the results of liver elastography in healthy pregnant women in the world literature. The aim of the study was to investigate theSWE parameters of liver elastography in practically healthy pregnant women. The subject of the research was 50 practically healthy pregnant women within 18-45 years old (mean age 27.7±0.7). The pregnant women with genital and extragenital diseases were not included to the research...
July 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803679/systematic-review-of-the-methods-predictive-of-the-functionality-of-kidney-transplantation
#17
E Miret Alomar, E Trilla Herrera, D Lorente Garcia, L Regis Placido, R López Del Campo, M Cuadras Solé, T Pont Castellana, F Moreso Mateos, D Serón Micas, J Morote Robles
CONTEXT: Kidney transplantation from donors with expanded criteria has increased the pool of kidneys at the cost of a higher risk of short and long-term graft dysfunction. The main issue lies in determining which kidneys will offer acceptable function and survival compared with the risk represented by surgery and subsequent immunosuppression. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our article is to review the current evidence on the tools for predicting the functionality of kidney transplantation from cadaveric donors with expanded criteria and determining the validity for their use in standard practice...
August 10, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790311/plasmonic-silver-nanoshells-for-drug-and-metabolite-detection
#18
Lin Huang, Jingjing Wan, Xiang Wei, Yu Liu, Jingyi Huang, Xuming Sun, Ru Zhang, Deepanjali D Gurav, Vadanasundari Vedarethinam, Yan Li, Ruoping Chen, Kun Qian
In-vitro metabolite and drug detection rely on designed materials-based analytical platforms, which are universally used in biomedical research and clinical practice. However, metabolic analysis in bio-samples needs tedious sample preparation, due to the sample complexity and low molecular abundance. A further challenge is to construct diagnostic tools. Herein, we developed a platform using silver nanoshells. We synthesized SiO2@Ag with tunable shell structures by multi-cycled silver mirror reactions. Optimized nanoshells achieved direct laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry in 0...
August 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782348/factors-affecting-oral-health-determinants-in-female-university-students-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-saudi-arabia
#19
Najla S Dar-Odeh, Fatimah Ali Aleithan, Ahmad A Alnazzawi, Mohammad H Al-Shayyab, Shaden O Abu-Hammad, Osama A Abu-Hammad
Objective This study aims at investigating factors affecting oral health patterns, attitudes and health risk behaviors among female university students. Methods An online questionnaire was distributed to female university students in Al Madinah in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Students were requested to answer questions on demographic data, oral hygiene practices, dental attendance, smoking history, practice of sports and body weight and height. Results Two hundred and fourteen students participated with age range of 18-31 years (mean = 21...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751633/chemical-characterization-of-the-adhesive-secretions-of-the-salamander-plethodon-shermani-caudata-plethodontidae
#20
Janek von Byern, Ingo Grunwald, Max Kosok, Ralph A Saporito, Ursula Dicke, Oliver Wetjen, Karsten Thiel, Kai Borcherding, Thomas Kowalik, Martina Marchetti-Deschmann
Salamanders have developed a wide variety of antipredator mechanisms, including tail autotomy, colour patterns, and noxious skin secretions. As an addition to these tactics, the red-legged salamander (Plethodon shermani) uses adhesive secretions as part of its defensive strategy. The high bonding strength, the fast-curing nature, and the composition of the biobased materials makes salamander adhesives interesting for practical applications in the medical sector. To understand the adhesive secretions of P. shermani, its components were chemically analysed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), amino acid analysis, and spectroscopy (ATR-IR, Raman)...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
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