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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#1
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678617/uncertain-times-a-survey-of-canadian-women-s-perspectives-toward-mammography-screening
#2
Julia Abelson, Laura Tripp, Melissa C Brouwers, Gregory Pond, Jonathan Sussman
Evolving scientific evidence about mammography has raised new questions about the net benefits of organized screening, yet gaps remain about women's current screening practices, knowledge, attitudes and values toward screening to support informed decision making in this area. We addressed this gap through an online survey of 2000 screen-eligible women from Ontario, Canada in January 2016. Likert-scaled and categorical questions were used to collect information about screening practices, knowledge of benefits and risks of screening and underlying attitudes and values toward screening...
April 17, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678425/myopericytoma-of-the-base-of-the-finger-radiological-and-pathological-description-of-a-rare-benign-entity
#3
Laurent Van Camp, Jean Goubau, Ivo Van den Berghe, Koen Mermuys
A previously healthy 46-year-old woman presented with a mass lesion between the bases of the fourth and fifth fingers of the right hand. The mass had grown progressively over 2 years and started to cause practical difficulties in everyday life. Imaging depicted a hypervascular and well-circumscribed soft tissue tumor with imaging characteristics of a sarcoma. The lesion was treated surgically. The final diagnosis of the specimen upon pathology was a myopericytoma, a benign smooth-muscle cell neoplasm. Myopericytoma is a rare disease entity; however, it is important because it can mimic more ominous conditions...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677464/improving-the-quality-of-preclinical-research-echocardiography-observations-training-and-guidelines-for-measurement
#4
Daniel G Donner, Helen Kiriazis, Xiao-Jun Du, Thomas H Marwick, Julie R McMullen
Informal training in preclinical research may be a contributor to the poor reproducibility of preclinical cardiology research and low rates of translation into clinical research and practice. Mouse echocardiography is a widely used technique to assess cardiac structure and function in drug intervention studies using disease models. The inter-observer variability (IOV) of clinical echocardiographic measurements has been shown to improve with formalized training, but preclinical echocardiography lacks similarly critical standardization of training...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676746/advanced-treatment-of-biologically-treated-coking-wastewater-by-persulfate-oxidation-with-magnetic-activated-carbon-composite-as-a-catalyst
#5
Xiulan Song, Chao Wang, Meiqin Liu, Miao Zhang
Advanced treatment of biologically treated coking wastewater (BTCW) using persulfate (PS) oxidation with magnetic activated carbon composite (CuFe2 O4 :AC w/w ratio of 1:1.5, denoted as 1.5-MACC) as a green catalyst was evaluated at ambient temperature (30 °C). Effects of PS (K2 S2 O8 ) and 1.5-MACC doses on PS decomposition and total organic carbon (TOC) removal in BTCW were also studied during 360 min. The results showed that the 1.5-MACC/PS system has a much better performance on TOC removal in BTCW than only 1...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676453/risk-factors-for-burkitt-lymphoma-a-nested-case-control-study-in-the-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#6
Parisa Karimi, Brenda M Birmann, Lesley A Anderson, Charlene M McShane, Shahinaz M Gadalla, Joshua N Sampson, Sam M Mbulaiteye
Burkitt lymphoma (BL) occurs as three subtypes: endemic BL, immunosuppression-related BL and sporadic BL. Descriptive studies of BL age-specific incidence patterns have suggested multimodal peaks near 10, 40 and 70 years of age, but the risk factors for BL at different ages are unknown. We investigated risk factors for BL in the United Kingdom among 156 BL cases and 608 matched BL-free controls identified in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) between 1992 and 2016. Associations with pre-diagnostic body mass index, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, hepatitis, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), malaria, allergic and autoimmune conditions, and prednisone use were evaluated...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676249/preharvest-farming-practices-impacting-fresh-produce-safety
#7
Eduardo Gutierrez-Rodriguez, Achyut Adhikari
Advancements in agriculture and food processing techniques have been instrumental in the development of modern human societies. Vast improvements in agronomic practices, handling, and processing have allowed us to produce and preserve mass quantities of food. Yet despite all these innovations and potentially as a consequence of these mass production practices, more and more outbreaks of human pathogens linked to raw and processed foods are identified every year. It is evident that our increased capacity for microbial detection has contributed to the greater number of outbreaks detected...
April 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675654/development-of-a-professional-certification-in-cancer-patient-education
#8
Janet Papadakos, Anna D'souza, Adeline Masse, Susan Boyko, Susan Clarke, Meredith Giuliani, Keira MacKinnon, Sarah McBain, Meg McCallum, Jan MacVinnie, Tina Papadakos
Patient educators come into the field from diverse professional backgrounds and often lack training in how to teach and develop patient education resources since no formal patient education professional certification program exists. A professional certification program for patient educators would further define the professional scope of practice and reduce variability in performance. The purpose of this study was to (1) determine the level of interest among Canadian cancer patient educators in a patient education professional certification program and (2) determine the competencies to be included in the professional certification program...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675364/ct-and-mri-of-superficial-solid-tumors
#9
REVIEW
Jingfeng Zhang, Yanyuan Li, Yilei Zhao, Jianjun Qiao
Superficial solid masses are common conditions in clinical practice, however, some of which can be easily diagnosed and others would be difficult. Although imaging of superficial masses is not always characteristic, it would be helpful to give a definitive diagnosis or narrow a differential diagnosis. Crossing-section imaging can depicture the masses directly, find some pathognomonic signs and demonstrate their relationship with adjacent structures, which can provide decision support for clinician's reference...
March 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674329/regional-variability-in-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-practices-a-survey-of-the-southern-ontario-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-movement
#10
Susy S Hota, Salman Surangiwala, Aimee S Paterson, Bryan Coburn, Susan M Poutanen
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection, but little guidance exists for implementation of FMT programs. The objective of this study is to describe the program characteristics and protocols of 9 planned or operating FMT programs in the Southern Ontario Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (SOFT) Movement, to help guide future FMT program implementation. METHODS: A 59-item survey was administered electronically to clinical leads of the SOFT Movement on June 2, 2016...
April 18, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674068/simultaneous-determination-of-theophylline-and-caffeine-on-novel-tetra-5-chloroquinolin-8-yloxy-phthalocyanato-manganese-iii-carbon-nanotubes-composite-electrode
#11
Çağrı Ceylan Koçak, Asiye Nas, Halit Kantekin, Zekerya Dursun
This work reports the synthesis of new symmetrically substituted manganese(III) phthalocyanine (2eOHMnPc) (2) containing tetra 5-chloroquinolin-8-yloxy group at the peripheral position for the first time. Manganese(III) phthalocyanine (2) was synthesized by cyclotetramerization of 4-(5-chloroquinolin-8-yloxy)phthalonitrile (1) in the presence of corresponding metal salt (manganese(II) chloride). This peripherally substituted phthalocyanine complex (2) was purified by column chromatography and characterized by several techniques such as IR, mass and UV-Visible spectral data...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673832/effects-of-physical-training-with-the-nintendo-wii-fit-plus-%C3%A2-and-protein-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-function-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-pre-frail-older-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-wiiprotein-study
#12
Audrin Said Vojciechowski, Simone Biesek, Jarbas Melo Filho, Estela Iraci Rabito, Maryelle Paula do Amaral, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: Frailty is one of the key geriatric syndromes and is related to the loss of functional independence. However, the practice of physical training (PT) combined with protein supplementation (PS) may improve musculoskeletal function (MF). OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of PT using 'exergames' with or without PS on MF, nutritional status, and risk of falls in pre-frail older women. METHOD: The protocol is for a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of pre-frail older women, divided into 5 groups: control group; PT using exergames; PS; PT using exergames combined with PS; PT using exergames combined with isoenergetic supplementation...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673140/euthanasia-of-cattle-practical-considerations-and-application
#13
REVIEW
Jan Keith Shearer
Acceptable methods for the euthanasia of cattle include overdose of an anesthetic, gunshot and captive bolt. The use of anesthetics for euthanasia is costly and complicates carcass disposal. These issues can be avoided by use of a physical method such as gunshot or captive bolt; however, each requires that certain conditions be met to assure an immediate loss of consciousness and death. For example, the caliber of firearm and type of bullet are important considerations when gunshot is used. When captive bolt is used, a penetrating captive bolt loaded with the appropriate powder charge and accompanied by a follow up (adjunctive) step to assure death are required...
April 17, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672027/meniscus-on-demand-parallel-3d-nanoprinting
#14
Mojun Chen, Zhaoyi Xu, Jung Hyun Kim, Seung Kwon Seol, Ji Tae Kim
Exploiting a femtoliter liquid meniscus formed on a nanopipette is a powerful approach to spatially control mass transfer or chemical reaction at the nanoscale. However, the insufficient reliability of techniques for the meniscus formation still restricts its practical use. We report on a noncontact, programmable method to produce a femtoliter liquid meniscus that is utilized for parallel three-dimensional (3D) nanoprinting. The method based on electrohydrodynamic dispensing enables one to create an ink meniscus at a pipette-substrate gap without physical contact and positional feedback...
April 19, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670527/comparative-metabolomics-analysis-of-cervicitis-in-human-patients-and-a-phenol-mucilage-induced-rat-model-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#15
Xiaoyong Zhang, Junmao Li, Bin Xie, Bei Wu, Shuangxia Lei, Yun Yao, Mingzhen He, Hui Ouyang, Yulin Feng, Wen Xu, Shilin Yang
Cervicitis is an exceedingly common gynecological disorder that puts women at high risk of sexually transmitted infections and induces a series of reproductive system diseases. This condition also has a significant impact on quality of life and is commonly misdiagnosed in clinical practice due to its complicated pathogenesis. In the present study, we performed non-targeted plasma metabolomics analysis of cervicitis in both plasma samples obtained from human patients and plasma samples from a phenol mucilage induced rat model of cervicitis, using ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670335/evaluation-of-drug-interactions-between-fimasartan-and-rosuvastatin-after-single-and-multiple-doses-in-healthy-caucasians
#16
Jieon Lee, Su-Jin Rhee, SeungHwan Lee, Kyung-Sang Yu
Objectives: As hypercholesterolemia is often accompanied by hypertension, statins are usually prescribed with angiotensin receptor blockers in clinical practice. This study was performed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety of fimasartan and rosuvastatin when coadministered or administered alone as a single dose or as multiple doses to healthy Caucasians. Methods: Thirty-six subjects were enrolled into an open-labeled, randomized, 6-sequence, 3-period, 3-way crossover study, and randomly received fimasartan (120 mg), rosuvastatin (20 mg) or both...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670282/global-warming-transforms-coral-reef-assemblages
#17
Terry P Hughes, James T Kerry, Andrew H Baird, Sean R Connolly, Andreas Dietzel, C Mark Eakin, Scott F Heron, Andrew S Hoey, Mia O Hoogenboom, Gang Liu, Michael J McWilliam, Rachel J Pears, Morgan S Pratchett, William J Skirving, Jessica S Stella, Gergely Torda
Global warming is rapidly emerging as a universal threat to ecological integrity and function, highlighting the urgent need for a better understanding of the impact of heat exposure on the resilience of ecosystems and the people who depend on them 1 . Here we show that in the aftermath of the record-breaking marine heatwave on the Great Barrier Reef in 2016 2 , corals began to die immediately on reefs where the accumulated heat exposure exceeded a critical threshold of degree heating weeks, which was 3-4 °C-weeks...
April 18, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668456/review-on-retinal-gliosis-illustrated-with-a-series-of-massive-glioses-and-focal-nodular-gliosis-cases-in-regard-to-potential-pitfalls-of-ocular-reactive-tumor-like-lesions-of-this-type
#18
REVIEW
Andrzej Wincewicz, Sławka Urbaniak-Wasik, Antoinette Urbaniak, Marlena Mościcka-Rylska, Martyna Woltanowska, Mariusz Koda, Stanislaw Sulkowski, Joanna Reszeć
This paper presents a review on retinal gliosis illustrated by series of three cases of patients (a 39-year-old man and a 35-year-old woman with massive retinal gliosis (MRG) and a 51-year-old man with truly focal nodular gliosis of retina) with intraocular tumor-like masses and loss of vision, who recently suffered from painful inflammation of eyeball and who classically had a history of remote ocular trauma, onset of blindness early in lifetime or gradual but progressive loss of sight. The diagnosis of this pathological entity is given for the lesions that are composed of GFAP strongly positive, elongated, fusiform cells consistent with fibrillary astrocytes...
March 1, 2018: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668367/which-patients-with-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-might-benefit-from-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#19
Omar Mahmoud, Mark H Einstein
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667838/general-synthetic-strategy-for-libraries-of-supported-multicomponent-metal-nanoparticles
#20
Hui Yang, Siobhan J Bradley, Xin Wu, Andrew Chan, Geoffrey I N Waterhouse, Thomas Nann, Jian Zhang, Paul E Kruger, Shengqian Ma, Shane G Telfer
Nanoparticles comprising three or more different metals are challenging to prepare. General methods that tackle this challenge are highly sought after as multicomponent metal nanoparticles display favorable properties in applications such as catalysis, biomedicine, and imaging. Herein, we report a practical and versatile approach for the synthesis of nanoparticles composed of up to four different metals. This method relies on the thermal decomposition of nanostructured composite materials assembled from platinum nanoparticles, a metal-organic framework (ZIF-8), and a tannic acid coordination polymer...
April 18, 2018: ACS Nano
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