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Idiopathic gastroparesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807571/pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-invading-the-duodenum-and-presenting-as-idiopathic-gastroparesis-with-nausea-and-vomiting
#1
Brent T Cengia, Paula S Stuart, Kenneth L Koch
A 65-year-old woman presented with a 5-month history of nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. Prior esophagogastrodudenoscopy showed retained food and delayed gastric emptying, but abdominal computed tomography was normal. The working diagnosis was idiopathic gastroparesis. Subsequently, an electrogastrogram test showed normal 3-cycle-per-minute activity, although it was suggestive of obstructive gastroparesis. Repeat esophagogastrodudenoscopy showed obstruction at the postbulbar duodenum. Repeat abdominal computed tomography revealed a 2...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785328/measures-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-diabetic-and-idiopathic-gastroparesis
#2
Mohammad Khalid Mohammad, Dominique J Pepper, Archana Kedar, Feriyl Bhaijee, Babajide Familoni, Hani Rashed, Teresa Cutts, Thomas L Abell
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis is a condition classically characterized by delayed gastric emptying and is associated with considerable morbidity. While the etiology of gastroparesis remains elusive, autonomic dysfunction may play an important role, especially as many patients with gastroparesis also have diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine whether measures of autonomic function differ between adults with diabetic gastroparesis (DG) and adults with idiopathic gastroparesis (IG)...
October 2016: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781342/early-satiety-and-postprandial-fullness-in-gastroparesis-correlate-with-gastroparesis-severity-gastric-emptying-and-water-load-testing
#3
H P Parkman, E K Hallinan, W L Hasler, G Farrugia, K L Koch, L Nguyen, W J Snape, T L Abell, R W McCallum, I Sarosiek, P J Pasricha, J Clarke, L Miriel, J Tonascia, F Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Early satiety (ES) and postprandial fullness (PPF) are often present in gastroparesis, but the importance of these symptoms in gastroparesis has not been well-described. The aims were: (i) Characterize ES and PPF in patients with gastroparesis. (ii) Assess relationships of ES and PPF with etiology of gastroparesis, quality of life, body weight, gastric emptying, and water load testing. METHODS: Gastroparetic patients filled out questionnaires assessing symptoms (PAGI-SYM) and quality of life (PAGI-QOL, SF-36v2)...
October 25, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775961/gastroparesis-quality-of-life-and-health-care-utilization
#4
Brian E Lacy, Michael D Crowell, Carole Mathis, David Bauer, Leslie J Heinberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastroparesis (GP) patients suffer from recurrent symptoms of nausea, vomiting, early satiety, and abdominal pain. The impact of GP on quality of life (QoL), health care utilization and daily activities is not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Part 1: 398 adult patients (≥18 y) with documented GP (symptoms >6 mo) were surveyed to assess QoL and pain using the Short Form 36 and McGill pain questionnaires. Part 2: 491 adult GP patients were surveyed to evaluate employment status, work and daily activities, medication use, physician visits, diagnostic testing, emergency room visits, and hospitalizations related to their GP symptoms...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678506/gastric-electrical-stimulation-for-gastroparesis-and-chronic-unexplained-nausea-and-vomiting
#5
REVIEW
John M Wo, Thomas V Nowak, Shamaila Waseem, Matthew P Ward
Gastroparesis is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome. Some patients have debilitating vomiting, weight loss, and dehydration, while others have effortless regurgitation of undigested foods or postprandial distress suggestive of functional dyspepsia. Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) has been proposed as an effective treatment option for patients with gastroparesis refractory to medical therapy. Evidence suggests that the clinically available device, a low-energy high-frequency GES, activates the vagal afferent pathways to influence the central control mechanisms for nausea and vomiting...
December 2016: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530760/domperidone-to-treat-symptoms-of-gastroparesis-benefits-and-side-effects-from-a-large-single-center-cohort
#6
Ron Schey, Mohammed Saadi, Deena Midani, Aaron C Roberts, Rahul Parupalli, Henry P Parkman
BACKGROUND: There is increased awareness about risks and benefits of using domperidone to treat gastroparesis. AIM: To describe the outcome of treating patients with refractory gastroparesis symptoms with domperidone. METHODS: Domperidone 10 mg QID or TID was prescribed to patients with refractory gastroparesis symptoms; follow-up obtained at 2-3 months assessing symptoms and side effects. Patients filled out Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms prior to treatment and at follow-up along with Clinical Patient Grading Assessment Scale (CPGAS, +7 = completely better; 0 = no change)...
December 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460691/effect-of-endoscopic-pyloric-therapies-for-patients-with-nausea-and-vomiting-and-functional-obstructive-gastroparesis
#7
Jennifer Wellington, Blake Scott, Sarba Kundu, Paula Stuart, Kenneth L Koch
: Gastroparesis (GP) is associated with loss of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) and gastric dysrhythmias such as tachygastria. We hypothesized that a subset of patients with GP, normal 3cycles per minute (cpm) gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA), and normal upper endoscopy may respond to pyloric therapies. AIMS: To determine the effect of botulinum toxin A (btA) injection or balloon dilation (BD) of the pylorus on symptoms and body weight in patients with GP and 3cpm GMA...
July 16, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354102/gastric-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-refractory-gastroparesis-results-from-the-first-multicenter-study-on-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-with-video
#8
Mouen A Khashab, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, David Carr-Locke, Amol Bapaye, Petros C Benias, Sam Serouya, Shivangi Dorwat, Dalton M Chaves, Everson Artifon, Eduardo G de Moura, Vivek Kumbhari, Yamile Haito Chavez, Majidah Bukhari, Gulara Hajiyeva, Amr Ismail, Yen-I Chen, Hyunsoo Chung
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastric peroral endoscopic myotomy (G-POEM) has been recently reported as minimally invasive therapy for gastroparesis. The aims of this study were to report the first multicenter experience with G-POEM and assess the efficacy and safety of this novel procedure for gastroparetic patients with symptoms refractory to medical therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with gastroparesis who underwent endoscopic pyloromyotomy (G-POEM) at 5 medical centers were included...
June 25, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350152/nausea-and-vomiting-in-gastroparesis-similarities-and-differences-in-idiopathic-and-diabetic-gastroparesis
#9
H P Parkman, E K Hallinan, W L Hasler, G Farrugia, K L Koch, J Calles, W J Snape, T L Abell, I Sarosiek, R W McCallum, L Nguyen, P J Pasricha, J Clarke, L Miriel, L Lee, J Tonascia, F Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting are classic symptoms of gastroparesis. It remains unclear if characteristics of nausea and vomiting are similar in different etiologies of gastroparesis. The aims of this article were as follows: to describe characteristics of nausea and vomiting in patients with gastroparesis and to determine if there are differences in nausea and vomiting in diabetic (DG) and idiopathic gastroparesis (IG). METHODS: Gastroparetic patients enrolling in the NIDDK Gastroparesis Registry underwent assessment with history and questionnaires assessing symptoms, quality of life, and a questionnaire characterizing nausea and vomiting...
December 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344315/gastric-enterovirus-infection-a-possible-causative-etiology-of-gastroparesis
#10
Jodie A Barkin, Frank Czul, Jamie S Barkin, Nancy G Klimas, Irma R Rey, Baharak Moshiree
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis (GP) is a disabling chronic gastroenterologic disorder with high morbidity that severely impacts patients' quality of life. GP can present acutely after a viral-like gastrointestinal illness resulting in speculation that in some patients, neurologic damage caused by the infection might underlie the pathogenesis of idiopathic gastroparesis (IGP). AIMS: The aim of this study is to document case reports of Enterovirus (EV) infection as a possible cause of IGP...
August 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332558/functional-dyspepsia-and-gastroparesis
#11
Michael Camilleri
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal disorders typically present with common symptoms. The most relevant non-mucosal diseases are gastroparesis, functional dyspepsia and rumination syndrome. The literature pertaining to these 3 conditions was reviewed. KEY MESSAGES: Gastroparesis is characterized by delayed gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction of the stomach. The cardinal symptoms include postprandial fullness (early satiety), nausea, vomiting and bloating...
2016: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221182/-gastroparesis-causes-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
Dag A Sangnes, Eirik Søfteland, Martin Biermann, Odd Helge Gilja, Hrafnkell Thordarson, Georg Dimcevski
BACKGROUND Gastroparesis is a motility disorder of the stomach. The symptoms are non-specific: nausea and vomiting are most common. Stomach pains, early satiety, postprandial fullness and bloating are also frequent symptoms. Current diagnostic criteria require delayed gastric emptying in the absence of any detectable mechanical obstruction. In this review article we elucidate the causes, assessment and treatment options.MATERIAL AND METHOD Structured article search in Embase and PubMed.RESULTS A number of conditions can lead to gastroparesis...
May 2016: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197717/gastric-peroral-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-g-poem-as-a-salvage-therapy-for-refractory-gastroparesis-a-case-series-of-different-subtypes
#13
P Mekaroonkamol, L Y Li, S Dacha, Y Xu, S D Keilin, F F Willingham, Q Cai
BACKGROUND: Gastroparesis is a poorly understood, chronic, debilitating motility disorder with very limited medical therapeutic options. Gastric peroral endoscopic pyloromyotomy (G-POEM) is an emerging novel endoscopic technique as an incisionless pyloroplasty for refractory cases. Effective information of G-POEM on different types of gastroparesis is sparse. METHODS: Cases of G-POEM using selective circular myotomy as a salvage therapy for refractory symptoms were retrospective studied...
August 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193562/endoscopic-gastric-food-retention-in-relation-to-scintigraphic-gastric-emptying-delays-and-clinical-factors
#14
Radoslav Coleski, Jason R Baker, William L Hasler
BACKGROUND: Gastric food residue frequently is observed on endoscopy despite fasting. AIMS: To delineate factors promoting endoscopic food retention in the stomach. METHODS: Two series of analyses were performed. Magnitudes of retained food in 834 patients from an endoscopy database were related to obstructive versus non-obstructive etiologies and gastric emptying findings. Emptying delays in 619 patients from a scintigraphy database were associated with endoscopic food retention, gastroparesis etiologies, and medications that modify gastric transit...
September 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129395/innovative-gastric-endoscopic-muscle-biopsy-to-identify-all-cell-types-including-myenteric-neurons-and-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in%C3%A2-patients-with-idiopathic-gastroparesis-a-feasibility-study-with%C3%A2-video
#15
Elizabeth Rajan, Christopher J Gostout, Louis M Wong Kee Song, Lawrence A Szarka, Purna C Kashyap, Thomas C Smyrk, Juliane Bingener, Jodie L Deters, Mary A Knipschield, Cheryl E Bernard, Gianrico Farrugia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The pathophysiology of some GI neuromuscular diseases remains largely unknown. This is in part due to the inability to obtain ample deep gastric wall biopsies that include the intermuscular layer of the muscularis propria (MP) to evaluate the enteric nervous system, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), and related cells. We report on a novel technique for gastric endoscopic muscle biopsy (gEMB). METHODS: Patients with idiopathic gastroparesis were prospectively enrolled in a feasibility study by using a novel "no hole" gEMB...
September 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908282/the-wireless-motility-capsule-a-one-stop-shop-for-the-evaluation-of-gi-motility-disorders
#16
Richard J Saad
The wireless motility and pH capsule (WMC) provides an office-based test to simultaneously assess both regional and whole gut transit. Ingestion of this non-digestible capsule capable of measuring temperature, pH, and the pressure of its immediate surroundings allows for the measurement of gastric, small bowel, and colonic transit times in an ambulatory setting. Approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the evaluation of suspected conditions of delayed gastric emptying and the evaluation of colonic transit in chronic idiopathic constipation, WMC should be considered in suspected gastrointestinal motility disorders as it provides a single study capable of simultaneously assessing for regional, multiregional, or generalized motility disorders...
March 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26813266/evaluation-of-the-pylorus-with-concurrent-intraluminal-pressure-and-endoflip-in-patients-with-nausea-and-vomiting
#17
W J Snape, M S Lin, N Agarwal, R E Shaw
BACKGROUND: Nausea and vomiting occurs in gastroparesis due to diabetes mellitus or unknown causes. The aim of this study was to compare (i) pyloric distensibility to pyloric manometric pressure in patients with nausea and vomiting and (ii) to correlate distensibility with delays in gastric emptying. METHODS: Sleeve manometry and EndoFLIP were performed sequentially during the same endoscopy on 114 patients with nausea and vomiting (47 with diabetes mellitus and 67 with idiopathic cause) after a standardized gastric emptying study...
May 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26406565/gastroparesis
#18
REVIEW
Jan Tack, Florencia Carbone, Alessandra Rotondo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent progress in the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment of gastroparesis. RECENT FINDINGS: The relationship between delayed gastric emptying and symptom pattern in gastroparesis and, related to it, its separation from functional dyspepsia remains an area of controversy and uncertainty. Pathophysiological studies have focused on the role of pyloric resistance and duodenal motility in generation of symptoms. In diabetic patients, glycemic control did not determine short-term changes in gastric emptying rate in type 2 diabetes, but poor glycemic control was a major risk factor for long-term development of gastroparesis in type 1 diabetes...
November 2015: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26343221/neuroenteric-stimulation-for-gastroparesis
#19
Brian E Lacy
Gastroparesis (GP) is a syndrome characterized by delayed gastric emptying in association with symptoms of epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting in the absence of mechanical obstruction. The prevalence of gastroparesis has been estimated at 24 per 100,000, with women more commonly affected than men. Diabetes appears to be the underlying cause in approximately 25 % of patients, while connective tissue disorders, autoimmune disorders, prior gastric surgery, ischemia, and medications make up a smaller percentage of the remaining identifiable causes...
December 2015: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26299414/outcomes-and-factors-associated-with-reduced-symptoms-in-patients-with-gastroparesis
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Pankaj J Pasricha, Katherine P Yates, Linda Nguyen, John Clarke, Thomas L Abell, Gianrico Farrugia, William L Hasler, Kenneth L Koch, William J Snape, Richard W McCallum, Irene Sarosiek, James Tonascia, Laura A Miriel, Linda Lee, Frank Hamilton, Henry P Parkman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastroparesis is a chronic clinical syndrome characterized by delayed gastric emptying. However, little is known about patient outcomes or factors associated with reduction of symptoms. METHODS: We studied adult patients with gastroparesis (of diabetic or idiopathic type) enrolled in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Gastroparesis Clinical Research Consortium Gastroparesis Registry, seen every 16 weeks and treated according to the standard of care with prescribed medications or other therapies at 7 tertiary care centers...
December 2015: Gastroenterology
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