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Pediatric ems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257249/pediatric-prehospital-medication-dosing-errors-a-national-survey-of-paramedics
#1
John D Hoyle, Remle P Crowe, Melissa A Bentley, Gerald Beltran, William Fales
BACKGROUND: Pediatric drug dosing errors occur at a high rate in the prehospital environment. OBJECTIVE: To describe paramedic training and practice regarding pediatric drug administration, exposure to pediatric drug dose errors and safety culture among paramedics and EMS agencies in a national sample. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 10,530 nationally certified paramedics. Descriptive statistics were calculated...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103120/compassionate-options-for-pediatric-ems-cope-addressing-communication-skills
#2
Aaron W Calhoun, Erica R H Sutton, Anita P Barbee, Beth McClure, Carrie Bohnert, Richard Forest, Peter Taillac, Mary E Fallat
INTRODUCTION: Each year, 16,000 children suffer cardiopulmonary arrest, and in one urban study, 2% of pediatric EMS calls were attributed to pediatric arrests. This indicates a need for enhanced educational options for prehospital providers that address how to communicate to families in these difficult situations. In response, our team developed a cellular phone digital application (app) designed to assist EMS providers in self-debriefing these events, thereby improving their communication skills...
January 19, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072893/a-pediatric-application-of-the-strac-regional-hospital-trauma-registry-database-pediatric-trauma-deaths-in-south-central-texas-during-2004-2013
#3
Michelle Buehner, Jay Aden, Mathew Borgman, Preston Love, Brandi Wright, Mary Edwards
The purpose of this study was to define the demographics of pediatric traumatic injuries and to understand the predictive value of injury type, prehospital, and emergency department (ED) data regarding the mortality of pediatric trauma patients (<14 years of age) in South Central Texas. We report a retrospective review of pediatric trauma patients presenting to Trauma Service Area P in South Central Texas during 2004-2013. The primary outcome was mortality; secondary outcomes were ventilator days, hospital days, and intensive care unit stay...
January 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059586/resource-document-coordination-of-pediatric-emergency-care-in-ems-systems
#4
Katherine Remick, Toni Gross, Kathleen Adelgais, Manish I Shah, Julie C Leonard, Marianne Gausche-Hill
BACKGROUND: Citing numerous pediatric-specific deficiencies within Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommended that EMS systems appoint a pediatric emergency care coordinator (PECC) to provide oversight of EMS activities related to care of children, to promote the integration of pediatric elements into day-to-day services as well as local and/or regional disaster planning, and to promote pediatric education across all levels of EMS providers. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to describe the evidence for pediatric coordination across the emergency care continuum...
January 6, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041758/emergency-medical-services-ems-versus-non-ems-transport-among-injured-children-in-the-united-states
#5
Michelle M Corrado, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Jin Peng, Brian Kenney, Sarah Johnson, Huiyun Xiang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the proportions of injured children transported to trauma centers by different transportation modes and evaluate the effect of transportation mode on inter-facility transfer rates using the US national trauma registry. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2007-2012 National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) to study trends of EMS versus non-EMS transport. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between transport mode and inter-facility transfer...
March 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003036/improving-pediatric-education-for-emergency-medical-services-providers-a-qualitative-study
#6
Seth A Brown, Theresa C Hayden, Kimberly A Randell, Lara Rappaport, Michelle D Stevenson, In K Kim
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have illustrated pediatric knowledge deficits among Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers. The purpose of this study was to identify perspectives of a diverse group of EMS providers regarding pediatric prehospital care educational deficits and proposed methods of training improvements. METHODS: Purposive sampling was used to recruit EMS providers in diverse settings for study participation. Two separate focus groups of EMS providers (administrative and non-administrative personnel) were held in three locations (urban, suburban, and rural)...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976464/methods-for-collecting-paired-observations-from-emergency-medical-services-and-emergency-department-providers-for-pediatric-cervical-spine-injury-risk-factors
#7
Fahd A Ahmad, Hamilton Schwartz, Lorin R Browne, Sherry Lassa-Claxton, Michael Wallendorf, E Brooke Lerner, Nathan Kuppermann, Julie C Leonard
OBJECTIVES: Cervical spine injuries (CSI) after blunt trauma in children are rare but cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Emergency medical services (EMS) and emergency department (ED) providers routinely use spinal precautions and cervical spine imaging respectively during the management of children experiencing blunt trauma. These practices lack evidence, and there is concern that they may be harmful. A pediatric CSI risk-assessment tool is needed to inform EMS and ED provider decision-making...
December 15, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918863/ems-providers-beliefs-regarding-spinal-precautions-for-pediatric-trauma-transport
#8
Cindy D Chang, Remle P Crowe, Melissa A Bentley, Alyssa R Janezic, Julie C Leonard
OBJECTIVE: Describe prehospital Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers' beliefs regarding spinal precautions for pediatric trauma transport. METHODS: We randomly surveyed nationally certified EMS providers. We assessed providers' beliefs about specific precautions, and preferred precautions given a child's age (0-4 or 5-18 years) and presence of specific cervical spine injury (CSI) risk factors. RESULTS: We received 5,400 responses (17%)...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902671/prehospital-transport-for-pediatric-trauma-a-comparison-of-private-transport-and-emergency-medical-services
#9
Yea-Chyi Lin, York Tien Lee, Jasmine Xun Yi Feng, Li Wei Chiang, Shireen Anne Nah
OBJECTIVES: We describe the demographics of pediatric patients with trauma transferred using private transport (PT) versus emergency medical services (EMS) and evaluate the potential impact on their treatment and outcome. METHODS: We accessed data from our national trauma registry, a prospectively collected database. Data were extracted on all patients with trauma admitted to our institution between January 2011 and June 2013, with injury severity score (ISS) higher than 8...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894559/helicopter-transport-in-regionalized-burn-care-one-program-s-perspective
#10
Benjamin Nicholson, Harinder Dhindsa
BACKGROUND: The decision to use helicopter EMS (HEMS) for the transport of burn patients is a complex decision. This analysis sought to evaluate burn patients flown to burn centers who met predetermined criteria for patients who likely benefit from HEMS care. METHODS: A retrospective transport chart review of all burn transports covering the preceding nine and a half years was conducted to evaluate for HEMS appropriate criteria defined as patients requiring advanced airway management, ventilator support, facial burns, inhalation injury, circumferential burns, electrical or chemical burn, or major burns...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858502/prehospital-providers-perceptions-on-providing-patient-and-family-centered-care
#11
Emily M Ayub, Esther M Sampayo, Manish I Shah, Cara B Doughty
BACKGROUND: A gap exists in understanding a provider's approach to delivering care that is mutually beneficial to patients, families, and other providers in the prehospital setting. The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes, beliefs, and perceived barriers to providing patient and family centered care (PFCC) in the prehospital setting and to describe potential solutions for improving PFCC during critical pediatric events. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative, cross-sectional study of a purposive sample of Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) and paramedics from an urban, municipal, fire-based EMS system, who participated in the Pediatric Simulation Training for Emergency Prehospital Providers (PediSTEPPS) course...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808462/pediatric-8p11-eosinophilic-myeloproliferative-syndrome-ems-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Jay F Sarthy, Naresh Reddivalla, Mohamed Radhi, Katherine Chastain
The 8p11 eosinophilic myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) is an aggressive neoplasm driven by translocation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 and often transforms to leukemias and lymphomas that are refractory to treatment. The first case was identified in 1983, and to date over 70 cases have been reported in the literature. Despite those reports, no consensus exists on management of this condition, and inconsistency in treatment regimens is even more pronounced in the pediatric literature. We report a case of a male infant with the 8p11 EMS, review the published pediatric experience with EMS, and discuss treatment strategies for this enigmatic hematological disorder...
May 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777278/duration-of-prehospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-favorable-neurological-outcomes-for-pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Yoshikazu Goto, Akira Funada, Yumiko Goto
BACKGROUND: The appropriate duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) remains unclear and may differ based on initial rhythm. We aimed to determine the relationship between the duration of prehospital CPR by emergency medical services (EMS) personnel and post-OHCA outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed the records of 12 877 pediatric patients who experienced OHCAs (<18 years of age). Data were recorded in a nationwide Japanese database between 2005 and 2012...
December 20, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710155/ability-of-the-physiologic-criteria-of-the-field-triage-guidelines-to-identify-children-who-need-the-resources-of-a-trauma-center
#14
E Brooke Lerner, Amy L Drendel, Jeremy T Cushman, Mohamed Badawy, Manish N Shah, Clare E Guse, Arthur Cooper
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on how well the American College of Surgeons/Center for Disease Control and Prevention Guidelines for Field Triage of Injured Patients assist EMS providers in identifying children who need the resources of a trauma center. OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of the Physiologic Criteria (Step 1) of the Field Triage Guidelines in identifying injured children who need the resources of a trauma center. METHODS: EMS providers who transported injured children 15 years and younger to pediatric trauma centers in 3 mid-sized cities were interviewed regarding patient demographics and the presence or absence of each of the Field Triage Guidelines criteria...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690714/can-ems-providers-provide-appropriate-tidal-volumes-in-a-simulated-adult-sized-patient-with-a-pediatric-sized-bag-valve-mask
#15
Jeffrey Siegler, Melissa Kroll, Susan Wojcik, Hawnwan Philip Moy
INTRODUCTION: In the prehospital setting, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals rely on providing positive pressure ventilation with a bag-valve-mask (BVM). Multiple emergency medicine and critical care studies have shown that lung-protective ventilation protocols reduce morbidity and mortality. Our primary objective was to determine if a group of EMS professionals could provide ventilations with a smaller BVM that would be sufficient to ventilate patients. Secondary objectives included 1) if the pediatric bag provided volumes similar to lung-protective ventilation in the hospital setting and 2) compare volumes provided to the patient depending on the type of airway (mask, King tube, and intubation)...
October 3, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690289/emergency-medical-dispatchers-can-obtain-accurate-pediatric-weights-from-9-1-1-callers
#16
Todd Chassee, Diann Reischmann, Michael Mancera, John D Hoyle
BACKGROUND: Prehospital pediatric drug dosing errors affect 56,000 U.S. children annually. An accurate weight is the first step in accurate dosing. To date, the accuracy of Emergency Medical Dispatcher (EMD) obtained weights has not been evaluated. We hypothesized that EMD could obtain accurate pediatric weights. METHODS: We used a convenience sample of patients 12 years and younger that were transported by EMS to one children's hospital. EMD obtained patient weight (DW) from the 9-1-1 caller...
November 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636352/prehospital-glucose-testing-for-children-with-seizures-a-proposed-change-in-management
#17
Katherine Remick, Christopher Redgate, Daniel Ostermayer, Amy H Kaji, Marianne Gausche-Hill
OBJECTIVE: Many Emergency Medicine Services (EMS) protocols require point-of-care blood glucose testing (BGT) for any pediatric patient who presents with seizure or altered level of conscious. Few data describe the diagnostic yield of BGT when performed on all pediatric seizures regardless of presenting mental status. We analyzed a large single center dataset of pediatric patients presenting with prehospital seizures to determine the prevalence of hypoglycemic seizures and the utility of repeat BGT in the emergency department (ED)...
March 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625736/geospatial-analysis-of-pediatric-ems-run-density-and-endotracheal-intubation
#18
Matthew Hansen, William Loker, Craig Warden
INTRODUCTION: The association between geographic factors, including transport distance, and pediatric emergency medical services (EMS) run clustering on out-of-hospital pediatric endotracheal intubation is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine if endotracheal intubation procedures are more likely to occur at greater distances from the hospital and near clusters of pediatric calls. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study including all EMS runs for patients less than 18 years of age from 2008 to 2014 in a geographically large and diverse Oregon county that includes densely populated urban areas near Portland and remote rural areas...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565862/unchanged-pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-incidence-and-survival-rates-with-regional-variation-in-north-america
#19
Ericka L Fink, David K Prince, Jonathan R Kaltman, Dianne L Atkins, Michael Austin, Craig Warden, Jamie Hutchison, Mohamud Daya, Scott Goldberg, Heather Herren, Janice A Tijssen, James Christenson, Christian Vaillancourt, Ronna Miller, Robert H Schmicker, Clifton W Callaway
AIM: Outcomes for pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are poor. Our objective was to determine temporal trends in incidence and mortality for pediatric OHCA. METHODS: Adjusted incidence and hospital mortality rates of pediatric non-traumatic OHCA patients from 2007-2012 were analyzed using the 9 region Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium-Epidemiological Registry (ROC-Epistry) database. Children were divided into 4 age groups: perinatal (<3 days), infants (3days-1year), children (1-11 years), and adolescents (12-19 years)...
October 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438027/privately-insured-medical-patients-are-more-likely-to-have-a-head-ct
#20
Emily M Fortin, Jerry Fisher, Sheng Qiu, Charlene Irvin Babcock
Previous studies suggest overuse disparity of head computed tomography (CT) in white pediatric trauma patients with minor head injuries. Our study is meant to determine if race or insurance status impacts the probability of obtaining head CT in patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) = 15. Using the 2008-2010 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey for Emergency Departments (NHAMCS) database, the following variables were analyzed: race, emergency medical services (EMS) arrival, triage category, admission status, gender, age, and insurance status...
December 2016: Emergency Radiology
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