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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931998/-between-combat-boots-and-birkenstocks-lessons-from-hiv-aids-sars-h1n1-and-ebola
#1
R Crawford, D C Rutz, D P Evans
OBJECTIVES: In late 2013, an Ebola outbreak quickly grew into an epidemic of extraordinary magnitude, killing more people than all previous Ebola outbreaks combined. Although the epidemic was unprecedented, the world had previously experienced several acute public health emergencies requiring global coordination. HIV/AIDS, SARS and H1N1 tested global response, and in each case coordination proved problematic, making the 2013-2015 Ebola epidemic no exception. The purpose of this project was to identify persistent vulnerabilities within global public health emergency response and to identify areas for future research and improvement...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926687/an-initiative-to-standardize-the-identification-of-and-acute-response-to-postoperative-lower-extremity-neurological-deficits-effects-on-provider-knowledge-confidence-and-communication-skills
#2
Peter B Derman, Sravisht Iyer, Matthew Garner, Steven Orr, Karla J Felix, Allison Goldberg, Titilayo Ologhobo, Minlun Wu, Laura Robbins, Charles Cornell
BACKGROUND: Although relatively uncommon, neurological deficits following hip and knee arthroplasty can have permanent and debilitating consequences. This study was conducted to quantify the effectiveness of an educational curriculum aimed at standardizing the identification of and acute response to postoperative neurological deficits in the inpatient setting, specifically with respect to improvements in clinician knowledge, confidence levels, and communication skills. METHODS: A multidisciplinary committee at a single, high-volume academic institution created an algorithm delineating the appropriate clinical actions and escalation procedures in the setting of a postoperative neurological deficit for each clinical practitioner involved in care for patients who undergo arthroplasty...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911299/chronotropic-response-and-cognitive-function-in-a-cohort-at-risk-for%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Lena L Law, Stephanie A Schultz, Elizabeth A Boots, Jean A Einerson, Ryan J Dougherty, Jennifer M Oh, Claudia E Korcarz, Dorothy F Edwards, Rebecca L Koscik, N Maritza Dowling, Catherine L Gallagher, Barbara B Bendlin, Cynthia M Carlsson, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce P Hermann, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson, Dane B Cook, James H Stein, Ozioma C Okonkwo
The objective of this study was to examine the association of chronotropic response (CR) and heart rate (HR) recovery- two indices of cardiovascular function within the context of a graded exercise test- with cognitive performance in a cognitively healthy, late-middle-aged cohort at risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Ninety participants (age = 63.52±5.86 years; 65.6% female) from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention participated in this study. They underwent graded exercise testing and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment that assessed the following four cognitive domains: Immediate Memory, Verbal & Learning Memory, Working Memory, and Speed & Flexibility...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908638/using-the-acmge-milestones-as-a-handover-tool-from-medical-school-to-surgery-residency
#4
Lauren M Wancata, Helen Morgan, Gurjit Sandhu, Sally Santen, David T Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To map current medical school assessments for graduating students to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones in general surgery, and to pass forward individual performance metrics on level 1 milestones to receiving residency programs. DESIGN: The study included 20 senior medical students who were accepted into surgery internship positions. Data from medical school performance assessments from the third-year surgery clerkship, fourth-year surgery rotations, fourth-year surgery boot camp, Clinical Competency Assessment Examination, and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 examinations were used to map each student's competency assessments to the General Surgery Milestones based on a scoring system created and validated by independent assessors...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892692/changes-in-depression-mediate-the-effects-of-aa-attendance-on-alcohol-use-outcomes
#5
Claire E Wilcox, J Scott Tonigan
BACKGROUND: Depression may contribute to increased drinking in individuals with alcohol use disorder. Although Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) attendance predicts drinking reductions, there is conflicting information regarding the intermediary role played by reductions in depression. OBJECTIVES: We explored whether AA attendance reduces depressive symptoms, the degree to which improvement in depression results in reductions in drinking, and in which subgroups these effects occur...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889884/reduced-density-gradient-as-a-novel-approach-for-estimating-qsar-descriptors-and-its-application-to-1-4-dihydropyridine-derivatives-with-potential-antihypertensive-effects
#6
Christiaan Jardínez, Alberto Vela, Julián Cruz-Borbolla, Rodrigo J Alvarez-Mendez, José G Alvarado-Rodríguez
The relationship between the chemical structure and biological activity (log IC50) of 40 derivatives of 1,4-dihydropyridines (DHPs) was studied using density functional theory (DFT) and multiple linear regression analysis methods. With the aim of improving the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model, the reduced density gradient s( r) of the optimized equilibrium geometries was used as a descriptor to include weak non-covalent interactions. The QSAR model highlights the correlation between the log IC50 with highest molecular orbital energy (E HOMO), molecular volume (V), partition coefficient (log P), non-covalent interactions NCI(H4-G) and the dual descriptor [Δf(r)]...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888955/emotion-dysregulation-mediates-between-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-motives-for-substance-use
#7
Usha Barahmand, Ali Khazaee, Goudarz Sadeghi Hashjin
The purpose of this study is to assess the relative mediating effects of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and motives for opiate use. Seventy four adolescent users of Tramadol, a synthetic opiate, were recruited from a boot camp for de-addiction and rehabilitation services for the study. Data were collected between May, 2014 and November, 2014. Participants completed assessments of childhood abuse history, difficulties regulating emotions, impulsiveness and motives for substance use as well as a socio-demographic information sheet...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885541/erratum-to-workplace-outcomes-in-work-disability-prevention-research-a-review-with-recommendations-for-future-research
#8
Amanda E Young, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Cécile R L Boot, Chetwyn Chan, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Steven J Linton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883983/loss-and-replacement-of-small-particles-on-the-contact-surfaces-of-footwear-during-successive-exposures
#9
David A Stoney, Andrew M Bowen, Paul L Stoney
On the contact surfaces of footwear loosely, moderately and strongly held particle fractions were separated and analyzed in an effort to detect different particle signals. Three environmental exposure sites were chosen to have different, characteristic particle types (soil minerals). Shoes of two types (work boots and tennis shoes) were tested, accumulating particles by walking 250m in each environment. Some shoes were exposed to only one environment; others were exposed to all three, in one of six different sequences...
December 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875649/competence-in-plain-english
#10
Tom Tomlinson
Like many other bioethicists, I often give talks on clinical topics that may touch on the patient's right of autonomy with regard to medical treatment and, from there, may move to questions about whether said patient has the capacity to exercise said right. When I get to that subject, I might ask, "Is this person competent to refuse treatment?" A stunned silence falls over the room, until finally a hand shoots up. "'Competent' is a legal term," I am instructed. "Don't you mean to ask whether he has the capacity to make decisions for himself?" The tone suggests that I'm being helped to make a very important distinction...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872275/serving-those-that-serve-a-practitioner-commentary-on-health-promotion-in-the-military
#11
Anna Torrens Armstrong
Since 1986, health promotion has had a place within the U.S. Department of Defense. Emphasizing the leading health indicators of Healthy People, the role of health promotion has continued to support the U.S. Armed Forces in perhaps one of the most challenging decades of wartime operations. Serving a sizable population with both typical and mission-related health issues, health promotion plays a critical role in maintaining and improving health. The purpose of this article is to highlight military health promotion by offering insight into the day-to-day life of a "boots on the ground" military health educator, reviewing the challenges and opportunities of working with a unique population...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871100/biomechanical-response-of-military-booted-and-unbooted-foot-ankle-tibia-from-vertical-loading
#12
Frank A Pintar, Michael B Schlick, Narayan Yoganandan, Liming Voo, Andrew C Merkle, Michael Kleinberger
A new anthropomorphic test device (ATD) is being developed by the US Army to be responsive to vertical loading during a vehicle underbody blast event. To obtain design parameters for the new ATD, a series of non-injurious tests were conducted to derive biofidelity response corridors for the foot-ankle complex under vertical loading. Isolated post mortem human surrogate (PMHS) lower leg specimens were tested with and without military boot and in different initial foot-ankle positions. Instrumentation included a six-axis load cell at the proximal end, three-axis accelerometers at proximal and distal tibia, and calcaneus, and strain gages...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868367/applying-aspects-of-the-expert-performance-approach-to-better-understand-the-structure-of-skill-and-mechanisms-of-skill-acquisition-in-video-games
#13
Walter R Boot, Anna Sumner, Tyler J Towne, Paola Rodriguez, K Anders Ericsson
Video games are ideal platforms for the study of skill acquisition for a variety of reasons. However, our understanding of the development of skill and the cognitive representations that support skilled performance can be limited by a focus on game scores. We present an alternative approach to the study of skill acquisition in video games based on the tools of the Expert Performance Approach. Our investigation was motivated by a detailed analysis of the behaviors responsible for the superior performance of one of the highest scoring players of the video game Space Fortress (Towne, Boot, & Ericsson, )...
November 20, 2016: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854426/information-and-communication-technology-design-delivery-and-outcomes-from-a-nursing-informatics-boot-camp
#14
Manal Kleib, Nicole Simpson, Beverly Rhodes
Information and communication technology (ICT) is integral in today’s healthcare as a critical piece of support to both track and improve patient and organizational outcomes. Facilitating nurses’ informatics competency development through continuing education is paramount to enhance their readiness to practice safely and accurately in technologically enabled work environments. In this article, we briefly describe progress in nursing informatics (NI) and share a project exemplar that describes our experience in the design, implementation, and evaluation of a NI educational event, a one-day boot camp format that was used to provide foundational knowledge in NI targeted primarily at frontline nurses in Alberta, Canada...
May 31, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842564/heel-pressure-ulcer-prevention-and-predictors-during-the-care-delivery-chain-when-and-where-to-take-action-a-descriptive-and-explorative-study
#15
Åsa Muntlin Athlin, Maria Engström, Lena Gunningberg, Carina Bååth
BACKGROUND: Hazardous healthcare settings, for example acute care, need to focus more on preventing adverse events and preventive actions across the care delivery chain (i.e pre-hospital and emergency care, and further at the hospital ward) should be more studied. Pressure ulcer prevalence is still at unreasonably high levels, causing increased healthcare costs and suffering for patients. Recent biomedical research reveals that the first signs of cell damage could arise within minutes...
November 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837075/safety-boot
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828960/cortical-morphology-differences-in-subjects-at-increased-vulnerability-for-developing-a-psychotic-disorder-a-comparison-between-subjects-with-ultra-high-risk-and-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#17
Geor Bakker, Matthan W A Caan, Wilhelmina A M Vingerhoets, Fabiana da Silva-Alves, Mariken de Koning, Erik Boot, Dorien H Nieman, Lieuwe de Haan, Oswald J Bloemen, Jan Booij, Thérèse A M J van Amelsvoort
INTRODUCTION: Subjects with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) and subjects with ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) share a risk of approximately 30% to develop a psychotic disorder. Studying these groups helps identify biological markers of pathophysiological processes involved in the development of psychosis. Total cortical surface area (cSA), total cortical grey matter volume (cGMV), cortical thickness (CT), and local gyrification index (LGI) of the cortical structure have a distinct neurodevelopmental origin making them important target markers to study in relation to the development of psychosis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812967/elevated-n2o-emission-by-the-rice-roots-based-on-the-abundances-of-narg-and-bacterial-amoa-genes
#18
Zhenxing Zhang, Wenzhao Zhang, Huicui Yang, Rong Sheng, Wenxue Wei, Hongling Qin
Rice fields are an important source of nitrous oxide (N2O), where rice plants could act as a key factor controlling N2O fluxes during the flooding-drying process; however, the microbial driving mechanisms are unclear. In this study, specially designed equipment was used to grow rice plants and collect emitted N2O from the root-growing zone (zone A), root-free zones (zones B, C, and D) independently, at tillering and booting stages under flooding and drying conditions. Soil samples from the four zones were also taken separately...
November 3, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799685/effect-of-rain-boot-shaft-length-on-lower-extremity-muscle-activity-during-treadmill-walking
#19
Young-Hwan Kim, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the extent of lower extremity muscle activity before and after walking based on rain boot shaft length. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects, 12 young and healthy females, were divided into three groups based on rain boot shaft length (long, middle, and short). They walked on a treadmill for 30 minutes. Activity of the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, semitendinosus, tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, and gastrocnemius was measured using electromyography before and after walking...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787691/workplace-outcomes-in-work-disability-prevention-research-a-review-with-recommendations-for-future-research
#20
Amanda E Young, Eira Viikari-Juntura, Cécile R L Boot, Chetwyn Chan, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Steven J Linton
Introduction Outcome assessment is a central issue in work disability prevention research. The goal of this paper was to (1) ascertain the most salient workplace outcomes; (2) evaluate the congruence between business and science perspectives; (3) illustrate new perspectives on assessing longitudinal outcomes; and (4) provide recommendations for advancing outcome evaluation in this area of research. Methods The authors participated in a year-long collaboration that culminated in a sponsored 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability", held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, MA, USA...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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