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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535320/effectiveness-of-a-labor-cervical-exam-model-in-family-medicine-and-ob-gyn-residents
#1
Joshua F Nitsche, Nora F Fino, Jose M Palomo, Abraham Portillo Perdomo, Brian C Brost
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Labor cervical exam accuracy is an essential skill for family medicine and OB-GYN residents to master. To determine the effectiveness of simulation on labor cervical exam training, family medicine and OB-GYN residents were trained using a self-constructed PVC pipe-based cervical exam model during a short and intensive simulation workshop or "boot camp." METHODS: A task trainer was constructed that allows for the blind examination of cervical dilation and effacement...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535262/developmental-studies-of-maize-infesting-picture-winged-flies-diptera-ulidiidae
#2
Gaurav Goyal, Gregg S Nuessly, Dakshina R Seal, Gary J Steck, John L Capinera, Kenneth J Boote
Eleven species of picture-winged flies (Diptera: Ulidiidae) attack maize (Zea mays L.) in the Americas. Field and laboratory studies were used to determine developmental times on sweet corn ears for the three most common species attacking the crop in the United States, Chaetopsis massyla (Walker), Euxesta eluta Loew, and Euxesta stigmatias Loew. Egg plus larval stage developmental times were evaluated in early Spring and late Fall 2009, and late Spring 2010, by placing newly deposited eggs in protected ears in the field...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534175/-aseptic-loosening-of-total-ankle-replacement-two-stage-revision-with-bone-augmentation-of-osseous-defects-and-secondary-prosthesis-implantation
#3
A Barg, M Wiewiorski, V Valderrabano
OBJECTIVE: To remove loosened ankle prosthesis components, perform osseous defect augmentation, and reimplant definitive prosthesis components to preserve ankle range of motion. INDICATIONS: Aseptic loosening of the tibial and/or talar ankle prosthesis components with substantial bone defect. CONTRAINDICATIONS: General surgical/anesthesiological risks, infections, critical soft tissue conditions, nonmanageable hindfoot instability, neurovascular impairment of the lower extremity, neuroarthropathy, substantial nonreconstructable osseous defects with or without cysts on the tibial and/or talar side, noncompliance, primary total ankle replacement (TAR) using intramedullary fixation (stem fixation), severely reduced bone quality, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, smoking, unrealistic patients' expectations, high activity in sports...
May 22, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532805/efficacy-of-disinfectants-and-detergents-intended-for-a-pig-farm-environment-where-salmonella-is-present
#4
Rebecca J Gosling, Ian Mawhinney, Kelly Vaughan, Robert H Davies, Richard P Smith
Disinfection is a useful component of disease control, although products and chemical groups vary in their activity against different pathogens. This study investigated the ability of fifteen disinfectants to eliminate pig-associated Salmonella. Active compounds of products included chlorocresol, glutaraldehyde/formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde/quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC), iodine, peracetic acid and potassium peroxomonosulphate. Six detergents were also tested for their ability to dislodge faecal material, and interactions with specific disinfectants...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531235/rna-seq-analysis-of-gene-expression-for-floral-development-in-crested-wheatgrass-agropyron-cristatum-l
#5
Fangqin Zeng, Bill Biligetu, Bruce Coulman, Michael P Schellenberg, Yong-Bi Fu
Crested wheatgrass [Agropyron cristatum L. (Gaertn.)] is widely used for early spring grazing in western Canada and the development of late maturing cultivars which maintain forage quality for a longer period is desired. However, it is difficult to manipulate the timing of floral transition, as little is known about molecular mechanism of plant maturity in this species. In this study, RNA-Seq and differential gene expression analysis were performed to investigate gene expression for floral initiation and development in crested wheatgrass...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530482/the-effect-of-backpack-load-carriage-on-the-kinetics-and-kinematics-of-ankle-and-knee-joints-during-uphill-walking
#6
Jinkyu Lee, Yong-Jin Yoon, Choongsoo S Shin
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of load carriage on the kinematics and kinetics of the ankle and knee joints during uphill walking, including joint work, range of motion (ROM), and stance time. Fourteen males walked at a self-selected speed on an uphill (15°) slope wearing military boots and carrying a rifle in hand without a backpack (control condition) and with a backpack. The results showed that the stance time significantly decreased with backpack carriage (p<.05). The mediolateral impulse significantly increased with backpack carriage (p<...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527803/using-brown-midrib-6-dwarf-forage-sorghum-silage-and-fall-grown-oat-silage-in-lactating-dairy-cow-rations
#7
M T Harper, J Oh, F Giallongo, J C Lopes, G W Roth, A N Hristov
Double cropping and increasing crop diversity could improve dairy farm economic and environmental sustainability. In this experiment, corn silage was partially replaced with 2 alternative forages, brown midrib-6 brachytic dwarf forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) or fall-grown oat (Avena sativa) silage, in the diet of lactating dairy cows. We investigated the effect on dry matter (DM) intake, milk yield (MY), milk components and fatty acid profile, apparent total-tract nutrient digestibility, N utilization, enteric methane emissions, and income over feed cost...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527205/moderate-physical-activity-is-associated-with-cerebral-glucose-metabolism-in-adults-at-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Ryan J Dougherty, Stephanie A Schultz, Taylor K Kirby, Elizabeth A Boots, Jennifer M Oh, Dorothy Edwards, Catherine L Gallagher, Cynthia M Carlsson, Barbara B Bendlin, Sanjay Asthana, Mark A Sager, Bruce P Hermann, Bradley T Christian, Sterling C Johnson, Dane B Cook, Ozioma C Okonkwo
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between accelerometer-measured physical activity (PA) and glucose metabolism in asymptomatic late-middle-aged adults. Ninety-three cognitively healthy late-middle-aged adults from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention participated in this cross-sectional study. They underwent 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging and wore an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X+) to measure free-living PA. Accelerometer data yielded measures of light (LPA), moderate (MPA), and vigorous (VPA) intensity PA...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526650/planning-and-executing-the-neurosurgery-boot-camp-the-bolivia-experience
#9
Jared D Ament, Timothy Kim, Judah Gold-Markel, Isabelle M Germano, Robert Dempsey, John P Weaver, Arthur J DiPatri, Russell J Andrews, Mary Sanchez, Juan Hinojosa, Richard P Moser, Roberta Glick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523427/-total-ankle-arthroplasty-with-simultaneous-subtalar-fusion
#10
J Mainzer, P Rippstein
OBJECTIVE: Pain free weight bearing ability with orthograde hindfoot position and preserved tibiotalar motion. INDICATIONS: Symptomatic arthritis of the ankle and subtalar joint, additional subtalar hindfoot malalignment. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Absolute: acute infection, noncorrectable ligamentous instability or bony defects, restricted perfusion, diabetic foot syndrome. Relative: inability to comply with postoperative partial weight bearing, only moderate symptoms of subtalar arthritis, smoking, intricate soft tissue situation...
May 18, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513243/performance-of-alpine-touring-boots-when-used-in-alpine-ski-bindings
#11
Jeffrey R Campbell, Irving S Scher, David Carpenter, Bruce L Jahnke, Randal P Ching
Alpine Touring (AT) equipment is designed for ascending mountains and snow skiing down backcountry terrain. Skiers have been observed using AT boots in alpine (not made for Alpine Touring) ski bindings. We tested the effect on the retention-release characteristics of AT boots used in alpine bindings. Ten AT ski boots and five alpine ski boots were tested in eight models of alpine ski bindings using an ASTM F504-05 (2012) apparatus. 31% of the AT boots released appropriately when used in alpine ski bindings...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511206/antipsychotic-treatment-of-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-related-psychoses
#12
Elias Angelopoulos, Christos Theleritis, Marina Economou, Korina Georgatou, Charalambos C Papageorgiou, Eleftheria Tsaltas
In the recent study by Verhoeven and Egger, 2015 and the recent letter to the editor by Boot et al. 2015 an emphasis is given to the best possible pharmacological treatment of 22q11-2 Deletion-Syndrome related psychoses. We would like to present the case of a 23-year old Cypriot patient with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome who fulfilled criteria for treatment resistant schizophrenia (TRS). He was sequentially treated with aripiprazole, risperidone, olanzapine, haloperidol and a combination treatment with olanzapine and haloperidol...
May 16, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509796/disposition-of-remifentanil-in-obesity-a-new-pharmacokinetic-model-incorporating-the-influence-of-body-mass
#13
Tae Kyun Kim, Shinju Obara, Talmage D Egan, Charles F Minto, Luca LaColla, David R Drover, Jaap Vuyk, Martijn Mertens
BACKGROUND: The influence of obesity on the pharmacokinetic (PK) behavior of remifentanil is incompletely understood. The aim of the current investigation was to develop a new population PK model for remifentanil that would adequately characterize the influence of body weight (among other covariates, e.g., age) on the disposition of remifentanil in the general adult population. We hypothesized that age and various indices of body mass would be important covariates in the new model. METHODS: Nine previously published data sets containing 4,455 blood concentration measurements from 229 subjects were merged...
June 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507555/moderate-drought-stress-affected-root-growth-and-grain-yield-in-old-modern-and-newly-released-cultivars-of-winter-wheat
#14
Yan Fang, Yanlei Du, Jun Wang, Aijiao Wu, Sheng Qiao, Bingcheng Xu, Suiqi Zhang, Kadambot H M Siddique, Yinglong Chen
To determine root growth and grain yield of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L) under moderate drought stress, a nursery experiment and a field trial were conducted with or without water stress using three representative cultivars released in different years: CW134 (old landrace), CH58 (modern cultivar) and CH1 (new release). In the nursery experiment, plants were grown in soil-filled rhizoboxes under moderate drought (MD, 55% of field capacity) or well-watered (WW, 85% of field capacity) conditions. In the field trial, plots were either rainfed (moderate drought stress) or irrigated with 30 mm of water at each of stem elongation, booting and anthesis stages (irrigated)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500040/a-novel-sampling-method-for-assessing-human-pathogen-interactions-in-the-natural-environment-using-boot-socks-and-citizen-scientists-with-an-application-to-the-seasonality-of-campylobacter
#15
Natalia R Jones, Caroline Millman, Mike van der Es, Miroslava Hukelova, Ken J Forbes, Catherine Glover, Sam Haldenby, Paul R Hunter, Kathryn Jackson, Sarah J O'Brien, Dan Rigby, Norval J C Strachan, Nicola Williams, Iain R Lake
This paper introduces a novel method for sampling pathogens in natural environments. It uses fabric boot socks worn over walkers' shoes allowing collection of composite samples over large areas. Wide area sampling is better suited to studies focussing upon human exposure to pathogens (e.g. recreational walking). This sampling method is implemented using a Citizen Science approach: groups of three walkers wearing boot socks undertook one of six routes, 40 times over 16 months in the North West (NW) and East Anglian (EA) regions of England...
May 12, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497248/-aseptic-loosening-of-total-ankle-replacement-one-stage-revision-ankle-arthroplasty
#16
G Pagenstert, M D Wimmer, M Jacxsens, C L Saltzman, A Barg
OBJECTIVE: To revise one or both loosened prosthesis components, to achieve postoperative pain relief, and preserve ankle range of motion. INDICATIONS: Aseptic loosening of the tibial and/or talar ankle prosthesis components without substantial bone defect of the tibial or talar bone stock. CONTRAINDICATIONS: General surgical or anesthesiological risks, infections, critical soft tissue conditions, nonmanageable hindfoot instability, neurovascular impairment of the lower extremity, neuroarthropathy (e...
May 11, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485919/stabilization-of-glucocerebrosidase-by-active-site-occupancy
#17
Fredj Ben Bdira, Wouter W Kallemeijn, Saskia V Oussoren, Saskia Scheij, Boris Bleijlevens, Cindy P A A van Roomen, Roelof Ottenhoff, Marielle J F M van Kooten, Marthe T C Walvoort, Martin D Witte, Rolf G Boot, Marcellus Ubbink, Herman S Overkleeft, Johannes M F G Aerts
Glucocerebrosidase (GBA) is a retaining lysosomal β-glucosidase degrading glucosylceramide. Its deficiency results in Gaucher disease (GD). We examined the effects of active site occupancy of GBA on its structural stability. For this we made use of cyclophellitol-derived activity-based probes (ABPs) that bind irreversibly to the catalytic nucleophile E340 and for comparison the potent reversible inhibitor, isofagomine. We demonstrate that cyclophellitol ABPs improve GBA stability in vitro as revealed by thermodynamic measurements (Tm increase by 21 °C) and introduce resistance to tryptic digestion...
May 9, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484980/biological-control-of-broad-leaved-dock-infestation-in-wheat-using-plant-antagonistic-bacteria-under-field-conditions
#18
Tasawar Abbas, Zahir Ahmad Zahir, Muhammad Naveed, Zubair Aslam
Conventional weed management systems have produced many harmful effects on weed ecology, human health and environment. Biological control of invasive weeds may be helpful to minimize these harmful effects and economic losses incurred to crops by weeds. In our earlier studies, plant antagonistic bacteria were obtained after screening a large number of rhizobacteria for production of phytotoxic substances and effects on wheat and its associated weeds under laboratory conditions. In this study, five efficient strains inhibitory to broad-leaved dock and non-inhibitory to wheat were selected and applied to broad-leaved dock co-seeded with wheat both in pot trial and chronically infested field trial...
May 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482822/promise-and-pitfalls-in-the-application-of-big-data-to-occupational-and-environmental-health
#19
EDITORIAL
David M Stieb, Cécile R Boot, Michelle C Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474730/three-dimensional-kinematics-of-the-equine-metacarpophalangeal-joint-using-x-ray-reconstruction-of-moving-morphology-a-pilot-study
#20
Bronwen A Childs, Brenna R Pugliese, Cristina T Carballo, Daniel L Miranda, Elizabeth L Brainerd, Carl A Kirker-Head
X-ray reconstruction of moving morphology (XROMM) uses biplanar videoradiography and computed tomography (CT) scanning to capture three-dimensional (3D) bone motion. In XROMM, morphologically accurate 3D bone models derived from CT are animated with motion from videoradiography, yielding a highly accurate and precise reconstruction of skeletal kinematics. We employ this motion analysis technique to characterize metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) motion in the absence and presence of protective legwear in a healthy pony...
May 5, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
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