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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738226/shock-attenuation-characteristics-of-three-different-military-boots-during-gait
#1
A M S Muniz, R R Bini
Musculoskeletal injuries are related to the cushioning properties of boots in military populations. This study aimed to compare ground reaction force (GRF) and subjective perceived comfort from two different military boots supplied by the Brazilian Army with a commercial boot. Twenty army recruits volunteered for a GRF assessment during walking on a 10-m walkway and a perceived comfort test after 20min walking on a treadmill. Both experiments were conducted with three different military boots: CC10 (styrene-butadiene rubber - SBR - midsole 30mm thickness, 65 Shore A; 631...
July 15, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728553/supporting-and-retaining-village-health-teams-an-assessment-of-a-community-health-worker-program-in-two-ugandan-districts
#2
Daniel C Mays, Edward J O'Neil, Edison A Mworozi, Benjamin J Lough, Zachary J Tabb, Ashlyn E Whitlock, Edward M Mutimba, Zohray M Talib
BACKGROUND: Uganda's national community health worker program involves volunteer Village Health Teams (VHTs) delivering basic health services and education. Evidence demonstrates their positive impact on health outcomes, particularly for Ugandans who would otherwise lack access to health services. Despite their impact, VHTs are not optimally supported and attrition is a growing problem. In this study, we examined the support needs and existing challenges of VHTs in two Ugandan districts and evaluated specific factors associated with long-term retention...
July 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727637/evaluation-and-student-perceptions-of-an-ob-boot-camp-simulation-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-mixed-method-approach
#3
Cynthia S Crews, Lisa C Minor
Obstetrical nursing offers unique challenges as a specialty clinical area as the process of birth and the nature of the setting are unpredictable. Traditional undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students may not have experience with maternal/newborn care. An eight-hour OB Boot Camp was developed to prepare students for their first obstetrical clinical rotation. An explanatory sequential mixed-method research study was used to explore student perceptions and evaluate the experience. On the basis of the results of this research study, the OB Boot Camp was a valuable instructional method to prepare students for obstetrical clinical rotations and coursework...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717615/outcomes-of-prolotherapy-for-intra-tendinous-achilles-tears-a-case-series
#4
Otto Chan, Ben Havard, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Nicola Maffulli, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Jeremy David Perry, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: The intra-tendinous tear is a new pathology that is defined as a discontinuity of fibres situated entirely within the tendon. Prolotherapy involves injecting an irritant, such as hyperosmolar dextrose, to stimulate a tissue healing response and ultimately reduce pain. METHODS: 43 consecutive patients diagnosed with an intra-tendinous tear were included (27 males: 16 females, mean (SD) age 41 (11.3). Patients were injected with 0.4ml-1.5ml (mean 0.8ml) of 50% dextrose and 0...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716117/stress-prevention-work-a-study-protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-a-multifaceted-integral-stress-prevention-strategy-to-prevent-employee-stress-in-a-healthcare-organization-a-cluster-controlled-trial
#5
Rianne J A Hoek, Bo M Havermans, Irene L D Houtman, Evelien P M Brouwers, Yvonne F Heerkens, Moniek C Zijlstra-Vlasveld, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: Adequate implementation of work-related stress management interventions can reduce or prevent work-related stress and sick leave in organizations. We developed a multifaceted integral stress-prevention strategy for organizations from several sectors that includes a digital platform and collaborative learning network. The digital platform contains a stepwise protocol to implement work-related stress-management interventions. It includes stress screeners, interventions and intervention providers to facilitate access to and the selection of matching work-related stress-management interventions...
July 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710491/ageing-and-latent-cmv-infection-impact-on-maturation-differentiation-and-exhaustion-profiles-of-t-cell-receptor-gammadelta-t-cells
#6
Martine J Kallemeijn, Anne Mieke H Boots, Michèle Y van der Klift, Elisabeth Brouwer, Wayel H Abdulahad, Jan A N Verhaar, Jacques J M van Dongen, Anton W Langerak
Ageing is a broad cellular process, largely affecting the immune system, especially T-lymphocytes. Additionally to immunosenescence alone, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is thought to have major impacts on T-cell subset composition and exhaustion. These impacts have been studied extensively in TCRαβ+ T-cells, with reduction in naive, increase in effector (memory) subsets and shifts in CD4/CD8-ratios, in conjunction with morbidity and mortality in elderly. Effects of both ageing and CMV on the TCRγδ+ T-cell compartment remain largely elusive...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709064/environmental-economics-of-lignin-derived-transport-fuels
#7
Svetlana V Obydenkova, Panos D Kouris, Emiel J M Hensen, Hero J Heeres, Michael D Boot
This paper explores the environmental and economic aspects of fast pyrolytic conversion of lignin, obtained from 2G ethanol plants, to transport fuels for both the marine and automotive markets. Various scenarios are explored, pertaining to aggregation of lignin from several sites, alternative energy carries to replace lignin, transport modalities, and allocation methodology. The results highlight two critical factors that ultimately determine the economic and/or environmental fuel viability. The first factor, the logistics scheme, exhibited the disadvantage of the centralized approach, owing to prohibitively expensive transportation costs of the low energy-dense lignin...
June 30, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705789/treatment-of-peritoneal-dissemination-in-stomach-cancer-patients-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-hipec-rationale-and-design-of-the-periscope-study
#8
Rosa T van der Kaaij, Hidde Jw Braam, Henk Boot, Maartje Los, Annemieke Cats, Cecile Grootscholten, Jan Hm Schellens, Arend Gj Aalbers, Alwin Dr Huitema, Catherijne Aj Knibbe, Djamila Boerma, Marinus J Wiezer, Bert van Ramshorst, Johanna W van Sandick
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastric cancer and peritoneal carcinomatosis have a very poor prognosis; median survival is 3 to 4 months. Palliative systemic chemotherapy is currently the only treatment available in the Netherlands. Intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has an established role in the treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis originating from colorectal cancer, appendiceal cancer, and pseudomyxoma peritonei; its role in gastric cancer is uncertain. Currently, there is no consensus on the choice of chemotherapeutic agents used in HIPEC for gastric cancer...
July 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701818/toward-a-new-generation-of-agricultural-system-data-models-and-knowledge-products-state-of-agricultural-systems-science
#9
James W Jones, John M Antle, Bruno Basso, Kenneth J Boote, Richard T Conant, Ian Foster, H Charles J Godfray, Mario Herrero, Richard E Howitt, Sander Janssen, Brian A Keating, Rafael Munoz-Carpena, Cheryl H Porter, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Tim R Wheeler
We review the current state of agricultural systems science, focusing in particular on the capabilities and limitations of agricultural systems models. We discuss the state of models relative to five different Use Cases spanning field, farm, landscape, regional, and global spatial scales and engaging questions in past, current, and future time periods. Contributions from multiple disciplines have made major advances relevant to a wide range of agricultural system model applications at various spatial and temporal scales...
July 2017: Agricultural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701816/brief-history-of-agricultural-systems-modeling
#10
James W Jones, John M Antle, Bruno Basso, Kenneth J Boote, Richard T Conant, Ian Foster, H Charles J Godfray, Mario Herrero, Richard E Howitt, Sander Janssen, Brian A Keating, Rafael Munoz-Carpena, Cheryl H Porter, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Tim R Wheeler
Agricultural systems science generates knowledge that allows researchers to consider complex problems or take informed agricultural decisions. The rich history of this science exemplifies the diversity of systems and scales over which they operate and have been studied. Modeling, an essential tool in agricultural systems science, has been accomplished by scientists from a wide range of disciplines, who have contributed concepts and tools over more than six decades. As agricultural scientists now consider the "next generation" models, data, and knowledge products needed to meet the increasingly complex systems problems faced by society, it is important to take stock of this history and its lessons to ensure that we avoid re-invention and strive to consider all dimensions of associated challenges...
July 2017: Agricultural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701815/next-generation-crop-models-a-modular-approach-to-model-early-vegetative-and-reproductive-development-of-the-common-bean-phaseolus-vulgaris-l
#11
C Hwang, M J Correll, S A Gezan, L Zhang, M S Bhakta, C E Vallejos, K J Boote, J A Clavijo-Michelangeli, J W Jones
The next generation of gene-based crop models offers the potential of predicting crop vegetative and reproductive development based on genotype and weather data as inputs. Here, we illustrate an approach for developing a dynamic modular gene-based model to simulate changes in main stem node numbers, time to first anthesis, and final node number on the main stem of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). In the modules, these crop characteristics are functions of relevant genes (quantitative trait loci (QTL)), the environment (E), and QTL × E interactions...
July 2017: Agricultural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694819/assessment-of-vegetation-indices-derived-by-uav-imagery-for-durum-wheat-phenotyping-under-a-water-limited-and-heat-stressed-mediterranean-environment
#12
Angelos C Kyratzis, Dimitrios P Skarlatos, George C Menexes, Vasileios F Vamvakousis, Andreas Katsiotis
There is growing interest for using Spectral Vegetation Indices (SVI) derived by Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) imagery as a fast and cost-efficient tool for plant phenotyping. The development of such tools is of paramount importance to continue progress through plant breeding, especially in the Mediterranean basin, where climate change is expected to further increase yield uncertainty. In the present study, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Simple Ratio (SR) and Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (GNDVI) derived from UAV imagery were calculated for two consecutive years in a set of twenty durum wheat varieties grown under a water limited and heat stressed environment...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693378/effects-of-load-carriage-and-work-boots-on-lower-limb-kinematics-of-industrial-workers
#13
Miao Tian, Huiju Park, Jun Li, Heekwang Koo, Qinwen Xu
Load and footwear condition are two crucial elements varying the kinematic responses during walking, which probably lead to chronic injury. Fifteen healthy male individual with no obvious gait abnormalities participated in this study. Apart from a no-load condition, four external load conditions with two load levels were investigated. Work boots were compared with running shoes to determine footwear effects. Significant impacts were found for lower limb range of motion at certain joints when carrying loads...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692193/predictors-of-transitions-from-single-to-multiple-job-holding-results-of-a-longitudinal-study-among-employees-aged-45-64-in-the-netherlands
#14
Stef Bouwhuis, Goedele A Geuskens, Cécile R L Boot, Paulien M Bongers, Allard J van der Beek
OBJECTIVES: To construct prediction models for transitions to combination multiple job holding (MJH) (multiple jobs as an employee) and hybrid MJH (being an employee and self-employed), among employees aged 45-64. METHODS: A total of 5187 employees in the Netherlands completed online questionnaires annually between 2010 and 2013. We applied logistic regression analyses with a backward elimination strategy to construct prediction models. RESULTS: Transitions to combination MJH and hybrid MJH were best predicted by a combination of factors including: demographics, health and mastery, work characteristics, work history, skills and knowledge, social factors, and financial factors...
August 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691081/correction-to-detection-of-active-mammalian-gh31-%C3%AE-glucosidases-in-health-and-disease-using-in-class-broad-spectrum-activity-based-probes
#15
Jianbing Jiang, Chi-Lin Kuo, Liang Wu, Christian Franke, Wouter W Kallemeijn, Bogdan I Florea, Eline van Meel, Gijsbert A van der Marel, Jeroen D C Codée, Rolf G Boot, Gideon J Davies, Herman S Overkleeft, Johannes M F G Aerts
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1021/acscentsci.6b00057.].
June 28, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690941/a-simulation-based-quality-improvement-approach-to-improve-pediatric-resident-competency-with-required-procedures
#16
Michelle Starr, Taylor Sawyer, Maya Jones, Maneesh Batra, Heather McPhillips
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric residents report a lack of confidence and competence with procedural skills at graduation. Training programs could benefit from improved approaches to target these needs. Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Model for Improvement and three Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles, we examined the impact of a procedure simulation boot camp on self-reported procedural confidence and competence as well as the longitudinal impacts of these sequential interventions on Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Graduating Resident Survey (GRS) results...
June 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680767/a-resident-boot-camp-for-reducing-door-to-needle-times-at-academic-medical-centers
#17
REVIEW
Ilana M Ruff, Ava L Liberman, Fan Z Caprio, Matthew B Maas, Scott J Mendelson, Farzaneh A Sorond, Deborah Bergman, Richard A Bernstein, Yvonne Curran, Shyam Prabhakaran
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine if a structured educational program for neurology residents can lower door-to-needle (DTN) times at an academic institution. METHODS: A neurology resident educational stroke boot camp was developed and implemented in April 2013. Using a prospective database of 170 consecutive acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients treated with IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in our emergency department (ED), we evaluated the effect of the intervention on DTN times...
June 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680430/human-alpha-galactosidases-transiently-produced-in-nicotiana-benthamiana-leaves-new-insights-in-substrate-specificities-with-relevance-for-fabry-disease
#18
Kassiani Kytidou, Thomas J M Beenakker, Lotte B Westerhof, Cornelis H Hokke, Geri F Moolenaar, Nora Goosen, Mina Mirzaian, Maria J Ferraz, Mark de Geus, Wouter W Kallemeijn, Herman S Overkleeft, Rolf G Boot, Arjen Schots, Dirk Bosch, Johannes M F G Aerts
Deficiency of α-galactosidase A (α-GAL) causes Fabry disease (FD), an X-linked storage disease of the glycosphingolipid globtriaosylcerammide (Gb3) in lysosomes of various cells and elevated plasma globotriaosylsphingosine (Lyso-Gb3) toxic for podocytes and nociceptive neurons. Enzyme replacement therapy is used to treat the disease, but clinical efficacy is limited in many male FD patients due to development of neutralizing antibodies (Ab). Therapeutic use of modified lysosomal α-N-acetyl-galactosaminidase (α-NAGAL) with increased α-galactosidase activity (α-NAGAL(EL)) has therefore been suggested...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676439/the-effect-of-stress-fracture-interventions-in-a-single-elite-infantry-training-unit-1983-2015
#19
Charles Milgrom, Aharon S Finestone
Stress fractures can be seen as an undesired byproduct of demanding physical training. The threshold value of stress that places an individual bone at high risk for stress fracture has not been identified. In a prospective study of stress fractures in 1983, a 31% incidence was found during demanding Israeli infantry basic training by bone scan criteria. Within a subgroup of these recruits, an elite infantry unit was found to have a 40% incidence. Since then and until 2015, eight additional induction companies of the same elite infantry unit were prospectively monitored for stress fractures during their basic training...
July 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669460/boot-camps-preparing-for-residency
#20
REVIEW
David H Yeh, Kevin Fung, Sonya Malekzadeh
Simulation-based boot camps are growing in popularity and are effective in onboarding novice residents with new knowledge, skills, and behaviors. These intensive and immersive courses may be used to train residents and allied health professionals in specific procedures, teamwork, and management of rare clinical scenarios. A needs assessment of learners determines the course curriculum. Boot camps are designed to encourage active and hands-on participation with deliberate practice and immediate feedback. As surgical education shifts toward competency-based medical education, there may be an even greater role for simulation-based boot camps as a training and assessment tool...
June 29, 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
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