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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630721/traction-related-problems-after-hip-arthroscopy
#1
Lone Frandsen, Bent Lund, Torsten Grønbech Nielsen, Martin Lind
Traction-related problems are poorly described in the existing literature. The purpose of this prospective study was to describe traction-related problems and how patients perceive these problems. The study was a descriptive cohort study and data were collected from questionnaires and patient files. The questionnaire included questions on patients' perceptions of traction-related problems in the groin area, at the knee and ankle and how patients had coped with these problems. A total of 100 consecutive patients undergoing hip arthroscopy filled out the questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629879/prediction-of-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-with-a-clinical-genetic-score-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-nine-cohorts
#2
Ganqiang Liu, Joseph J Locascio, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Brendon Boot, Zhixiang Liao, Kara Page, Daly Franco, Kyle Burke, Iris E Jansen, Ana Trisini-Lipsanopoulos, Sophie Winder-Rhodes, Caroline M Tanner, Anthony E Lang, Shirley Eberly, Alexis Elbaz, Alexis Brice, Graziella Mangone, Bernard Ravina, Ira Shoulson, Florence Cormier-Dequaire, Peter Heutink, Jacobus J van Hilten, Roger A Barker, Caroline H Williams-Gray, Johan Marinus, Clemens R Scherzer
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline is a debilitating manifestation of disease progression in Parkinson's disease. We aimed to develop a clinical-genetic score to predict global cognitive impairment in patients with the disease. METHODS: In this longitudinal analysis, we built a prediction algorithm for global cognitive impairment (defined as Mini Mental State Examination [MMSE] ≤25) using data from nine cohorts of patients with Parkinson's disease from North America and Europe assessed between 1986 and 2016...
June 16, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629498/rodentibacter-gen-nov-including-rodentibacter-pneumotropicus-comb-nov-rodentibacter-heylii-sp-nov-rodentibacter-myodis-sp-nov-rodentibacter-ratti-sp-nov-rodentibacter-heidelbergensis-sp-nov-rodentibacter-trehalosifermentans-sp-nov-rodentibacter-rarus-sp-nov
#3
Sadhana Adhikary, Werner Nicklas, Magne Bisgaard, Ron Boot, Peter Kuhnert, Torsten Waberschek, Bent Aalbæk, Bozena Korczak, Henrik Christensen
Rodentibacter gen. nov. is proposed based on isolation and phenotypic characterization of strains, predominantly from rodents. The strains showed 86 % or higher rpoB gene sequence similarity and indicated a genus-level relationship within Pasteurellaceae. The strains compared at 16S rRNA gene sequence level showed 93.8 % or higher similarity, and their genus-level relationship within Pasteurellaceae was confirmed by phenotypic analysis. The type species Rodentibacter pneumotropicus comb. nov. is reclassified from [Pasteurella] pneumotropica with type strain NCTC 8141T (=CCUG 12398T)...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627415/examination-to-assess-the-clinical-exam-and-documentation-of-spine-pathology-among-orthopaedic-residents
#4
Jack M Haglin, John L Zeller, Kenneth A Egol, Donna P Phillips
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) guidelines require residency programs to teach and evaluate residents in six overarching "core competencies" and document progress through educational milestones. In order to assess the progress of orthopaedic interns' skills in performing a history, physical exam, and documentation of the encounter for a standardized patient with spinal stenosis, a Structured Objective Clinical Examination (OSCE) was conducted for 13 orthopaedic intern residents, following a one month boot camp that included communications skills and curriculum in history and physical examination...
June 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616741/ecological-risk-assessment-of-an-open-dumping-site-at-mehmood-booti-lahore-pakistan
#5
Asifa Alam, Amtul Bari Tabinda, Abdul Qadir, Talib E Butt, Sidra Siddique, Adeel Mahmood
A robust risk assessment of Mehmood Booting Open Dumping (MBOD) site has been carried out by developing holistic risk assessment framework. Framework mainly comprises on baseline study, hazard identification, and risk quantification and evaluation. Physico-chemical analysis of groundwater and leachate, health risk assessment, and estimation of gas emissions from the site were carried out for risk evaluation. LandGEM 3.02 modelling software was used to measure the gas emissions. Analysis of leachate showed that all parameters were exceeding the WHO standard limit...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615130/different-breeds-different-blood-cytometric-analysis-of-whole-blood-cellular-composition-in-chicken-breeds
#6
Barbora Bílková, Zuzana Bainová, Jozef Janda, Lukáš Zita, Michal Vinkler
While haematological variation is well known in birds, variation in avian breeds (distinct morphotypes of the same species) remains unexplored. Poultry breeds, in particular, may show interesting evolutionary patterns and economically-relevant physiological differences. We performed a comparative examination of blood cellular composition in five chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) breeds: Araucana, Booted bantam, Czech, Minorca and Rosecomb bantam. In standard-environment-reared hens whole-blood flow cytometry revealed remarkable differences in most erythrocyte- and leukocyte-related parameters...
June 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613996/personal-resilience-resources-predict-post-stem-cell-transplant-cancer-survivors-psychological-outcomes-through-reductions-in-depressive-symptoms-and-meaning-making
#7
Rebecca A Campo, Lisa M Wu, Jane Austin, Heiddis Valdimarsdottir, Christine Rini
This longitudinal study examined whether posttransplant cancer survivors (N = 254, 9 months to 3 years after stem cell transplant treatment (SCT)) with greater personal resilience resources demonstrated better psychological outcomes and whether this could be attributed to reductions in depressive symptoms and/or four meaning making processes (searching for and finding reasons for one's illness; searching for and finding benefit from illness). Hierarchical linear regression analyses examined associations of survivors' baseline personal resilience resources (composite variable of self-esteem, mastery, and optimism), which occurred an average 1...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606195/a-mismatch-between-supply-and-demand-of-social-support-in-dementia-care-a-qualitative-study-on-the-perspectives-of-spousal-caregivers-and-their-social-network-members
#8
Alieske E H Dam, Lizzy M M Boots, Martin P J van Boxtel, Frans R J Verhey, Marjolein E de Vugt
BACKGROUND: Access to social support contributes to feelings of independence and better social health. This qualitative study aims to investigate multi-informant perspectives on informal social support in dementia care networks. METHODS: Ten spousal caregivers of people with dementia (PwD) completed an ecogram, a social network card and a semi-structured interview. The ecogram aimed to trigger subjective experiences regarding social support. Subsequently, 17 network members were interviewed...
June 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605840/an-assessment-of-yield-gains-under-climate-change-due-to-genetic-modification-of-pearl-millet
#9
Piara Singh, K J Boote, M D M Kadiyala, S Nedumaran, S K Gupta, K Srinivas, M C S Bantilan
Developing cultivars with traits that can enhance and sustain productivity under climate change will be an important climate smart adaptation option. The modified CSM-CERES-Pearl millet model was used to assess yield gains by modifying plant traits determining crop maturity duration, potential yield and tolerance to drought and heat in pearl millet cultivars grown at six locations in arid (Hisar, Jodhpur, Bikaner) and semi-arid (Jaipur, Aurangabad and Bijapur) tropical India and two locations in semi-arid tropical West Africa (Sadore in Niamey and Cinzana in Mali)...
June 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604461/chemosensitivity-of-brca1-mutated-ovarian-cancer-cells-and-established-cytotoxic-agents
#10
Caroline van Haaften, Jaap van Eendenburg, Arnoud Boot, Willem E Corver, Lucien Haans, Tom van Wezel, J Baptist Trimbos
OBJECTIVE: Serous adenocarcinomas that arise in patients with inherited mutations in the tumor suppressor genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are initially well treatable with platinum/paclitaxel. For recurrent disease in patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, olaparib treatment is available. To study additional therapeutic regimens, a better understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of the tumors in in vitro models is important. METHODS/MATERIALS: From a high-grade serous ovarian tumor of a BRCA1 mutation carrier, we established 3 distinct cell line subclones, OVCA-TR3...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601456/inclusion-of-wheat-and-triticale-silage-in-the-diet-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#11
M T Harper, J Oh, F Giallongo, G W Roth, A N Hristov
The objective of this experiment was to partially replace corn silage with 2 alternative forages, wheat (Triticum aestivum) or triticale (X Triticosecale) silages at 10% of the diet dry matter (DM), and investigate the effects on dairy cow productivity, nutrient utilization, enteric CH4 emissions, and farm income over feed costs. Wheat and triticale were planted in the fall as cover crops and harvested in the spring at the boot stage. Neutral- and acid-detergent fiber and lignin concentrations were higher in the wheat and triticale silages compared with corn silage...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597445/developmental-program-impacts-phenological-plasticity-of-spring-wheat-under-drought
#12
Marwa N M E Sanad, Kimberley Garland Campbell, Kulvinder S Gill
BACKGROUND: Developing drought-tolerant crops critically depends on the efficient response of a genotype to the limited water availability, a trait known as phenological plasticity. Our understanding of the phenological plasticity remains limited, in particular, about its relationships with plant developmental program. Here, we examined the plastic response of spring wheat at tillering, booting, heading, and anthesis stages to constant or periodic drought stress. The response was assessed by morphological and physiological parameters including symptoms...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596616/using-social-network-measures-in-wildlife-disease-ecology-epidemiology-and-management
#13
Matthew J Silk, Darren P Croft, Richard J Delahay, David J Hodgson, Mike Boots, Nicola Weber, Robbie A McDonald
Contact networks, behavioral interactions, and shared use of space can all have important implications for the spread of disease in animals. Social networks enable the quantification of complex patterns of interactions; therefore, network analysis is becoming increasingly widespread in the study of infectious disease in animals, including wildlife. We present an introductory guide to using social-network-analytical approaches in wildlife disease ecology, epidemiology, and management. We focus on providing detailed practical guidance for the use of basic descriptive network measures by suggesting the research questions to which each technique is best suited and detailing the software available for each...
March 1, 2017: Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595641/the-role-of-autonomy-and-social-support-in-the-relation-between-psychosocial-safety-climate-and-stress-in-health-care-workers
#14
Bo M Havermans, Cécile R L Boot, Irene L D Houtman, Evelien P M Brouwers, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are exposed to psychosocial work factors. Autonomy and social support are psychosocial work factors that are related to stress, and are argued to largely result from the psychosocial safety climate within organisations. This study aimed to assess to what extent the relation between psychosocial safety climate and stress in health care workers can be explained by autonomy and social support. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, psychosocial safety climate, stress, autonomy, co-worker support, and supervisor support were assessed using questionnaires, in a sample of health care workers (N = 277)...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592658/the-structural-response-of-the-cornea-to-changes-in-stromal-hydration
#15
Sally Hayes, Tomas White, Craig Boote, Christina S Kamma-Lorger, James Bell, Thomas Sorenson, Nick Terrill, Olga Shebanova, Keith M Meek
The primary aim of this study was to quantify the relationship between corneal structure and hydration in humans and pigs. X-ray scattering data were collected from human and porcine corneas equilibrated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) to varying levels of hydration, to obtain measurements of collagen fibril diameter, interfibrillar spacing (IFS) and intermolecular spacing. Both species showed a strong positive linear correlation between hydration and IFS(2) and a nonlinear, bi-phasic relationship between hydration and fibril diameter, whereby fibril diameter increased up to approximately physiological hydration, H = 3...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589052/safe-and-effective-reduction-technique-for-intertrochanteric-fracture-with-ipsilateral-below-knee-amputated-limb
#16
Hironori Ochi, Tomonori Baba, Takahiro Hamanaka, Yu Ozaki, Taiji Watari, Yasuhiro Homma, Mikio Matsumoto, Kazuo Kaneko
The positioning of the patient on the fracture table is critical for the successful reduction and operative fixation of intertrochanteric hip fractures. However, this manipulation is challenging with patients who have undergone amputations of their legs. A 97-year-old man presented to the emergency department with symptom of right hip pain following a mechanical fall. He had a below-knee amputation on his right leg following a traffic accident as a 19-year-old and had a below-knee patellar tendon bearing prosthesis fitted to his lower limb for mobility...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581349/detection-of-coxiella-burnetii-in-urban-river-water
#17
Emilio D'Ugo, Massimo Sdanganelli, Cinzia Grasso, Fabio Magurano, Stefania Marcheggiani, Bas Boots, Melissa Baggieri, Laura Mancini
Previous molecular-based studies have identified microorganisms of zoonotic and human nature in surface waters. Contaminated water can lead to human health issues, and the detection of pathogenic microorganisms is a valuable tool for the prevention of their spread. Water samples were taken from the River Tiber in and out of the city of Rome. Genetic analysis of the sequences obtained showed the presence of Coxiella burnetii in both the analyzed sites. Blast analysis showed that two sequences were identical to each other...
June 5, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577440/effects-of-unstable-footwear-on-gait-characteristic-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Maede Farzadi, Zahra Nemati, Maryam Jalali, Roghaye Sheikhy Doulagh, Mohammd Kamali
BACKGROUND: Over the last three decades, several designs of unstable footwear have been developed in the forms of shoes, sandals and boots. There are marketing claims related to the positive effects of these shoes on the training of lower limb muscles and improving gait. Many studies have been performed on the effects of unstable footwear on muscle activity, balance, posture, energy expenditure, lower extremity disorders, and biomechanical changes. The analysis of the kinetics and kinematics characteristics of gait would provide objective representation of body movement...
April 24, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575476/depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-memory-complaints-in-the-prism-sample
#19
Jong-Sung Yoon, Neil Charness, Walter R Boot, Sara J Czaja, Wendy A Rogers
Objectives: The current study investigated baseline and longitudinal relationships between memory complaints, depressive symptoms, and cognition in older adults. Method: Using the sample from the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management trial, we generated path models predicting self-rated memory complaints measured by the Memory Functioning Questionnaire (MFQ). Results: Our baseline models showed that more depressive symptoms were associated with reporting more frequent forgetting incidents and a greater decline in memory function...
June 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574314/a-microcontroller-based-simulation-of-dural-venous-sinus-injury-for-neurosurgical-training
#20
Daniel R Cleary, Dominic A Siler, Nathaniel Whitney, Nathan R Selden
OBJECTIVE Surgical simulation has the potential to supplement and enhance traditional resident training. However, the high cost of equipment and limited number of available scenarios have inhibited wider integration of simulation in neurosurgical education. In this study the authors provide initial validation of a novel, low-cost simulation platform that recreates the stress of surgery using a combination of hands-on, model-based, and computer elements. Trainee skill was quantified using multiple time and performance measures...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
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