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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786684/-the-development-of-the-system-of-medical-rehabilitation-based-at-the-russian-health-resort-facilities-investment-prospects
#1
E L Povazhnaya, E V Gusakova, S V Moiseenko
The present work is devoted to the prospects for attracting investments for the maintenance and development of the medical rehabilitation practices based at the Russian health resort facilities. The article describes the prerequisites for the enhancement of the investment attractiveness of the development of the system of medical rehabilitation in the said institutions including the formulation and strengthening of the legal and regulatory framework, the capacity for the organization of the second and third stages of medical rehabilitation in the existing spa and health resort facilities, the attraction of the funds of compulsory medical insurance as an additional source of the financial support...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783220/-the-role-of-social-and-economic-factors-in-the-formation-of-the-somatic-health-level-in-school-aged-children
#2
Veronika K Kozakevych, Larysa S Ziuzina, Liudmyla A Zhuk, Lidiia D Korovina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is devoted to a relevant problem - the state of health in school-aged children. Almost 90 % of school-aged children have deviations in their health, and over 50 % have poor physical fitness. Therefore, the problem of early diagnosis, detection and correction of pre-nosologic conditions is an effective means of preventing diseases and improving the health of children. The aim: The aim of the research was to examine the state of somatic health of school-aged children in Poltava and to identify the risk factors for its disturbances...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783143/metallic-nanocatalysts-for-electrochemical-co-2-reduction-in-aqueous-solutions
#3
Yuanxing Wang, Cailing Niu, Dunwei Wang
How to effectively and efficiently reduce carbon dioxide (CO2 ) to value-added chemicals represent a frontier in catalysis research. Due to the high activation energy needs and the endothermic nature of CO2 reduction, the reactions are difficult to carry out. When H2 O is present, hydrogen evolution reactions (HER) often compete favorably with CO2 reduction reactions. For these reactions, catalysts are of critical importance to CO2 reduction. In this article, we review the various metal nanocatalysts for electrochemical CO2 reduction (ECR) reactions...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782891/review-article-a-translational-view-of-cells-secretome-analysis-from-untargeted-proteomic-to-potential-circulating-biomarkers
#4
REVIEW
Sandra I Anjo, Bruno Manadas
The identification of circulating biomarkers capable of being used as routine for diagnosis, prognosis, risk stratification and therapeutic monitoring is still the major aim at clinical proteomics. However, the direct search in blood samples or other clinical relevant biofluids is frequently associated with technical limitations that makes the biomarker discovery process extremely difficult when using these types of samples. In this sense, the use of different approaches, such as the analysis of cells' secretomes, can be an important and promising complementary method for the identification and pre-selection of potential circulating biomarkers...
May 18, 2018: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782275/-specific-features-of-pharmacotherapy-of-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-and-preserved-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#5
V N Larina, M V Leonova, I I Chukaeva, D G Karpenko
The review is devoted to pharmacotherapy of chronic heart failure (CHF) with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. In this review we discuss data of meta-analyzes of randomized clinical trials and observational studies, as well as the indications for use of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, β-blockers, and antagonists of mineralocorticoid receptors in these patients in current clinical guidelines. New approaches to therapy of CHF from the perspective of influence on myocardial fibrosis are considered in this review...
March 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780970/three-challenges-for-future-research-on-cochlear-implants
#6
REVIEW
David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Michael S Harris, Aaron C Moberly
Cochlear implants (CIs) often work very well for many children and adults with profound sensorineural (SNHL) hearing loss. Unfortunately, while many CI patients display substantial benefits in recognizing speech and understanding spoken language following cochlear implantation, a large number of patients achieve poor outcomes. Understanding and explaining the reasons for poor outcomes following implantation is a very challenging research problem that has received little attention despite the pressing clinical significance...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780633/deep-learning-aided-decision-support-for-pulmonary-nodules-diagnosing-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Yixin Yang, Xiaoyi Feng, Wenhao Chi, Zhengyang Li, Wenzhe Duan, Haiping Liu, Wenhua Liang, Wei Wang, Ping Chen, Jianxing He, Bo Liu
Deep learning techniques have recently emerged as promising decision supporting approaches to automatically analyze medical images for different clinical diagnosing purposes. Diagnosing of pulmonary nodules by using computer-assisted diagnosing has received considerable theoretical, computational, and empirical research work, and considerable methods have been developed for detection and classification of pulmonary nodules on different formats of images including chest radiographs, computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography in the past five decades...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779751/can-shared-mechanisms-of-cultural-evolution-illuminate-the-process-of-creativity-within-the-arts-and-the-sciences
#8
Rory Allen, Pamela Heaton
All creative activity brings about change, since it results in the production of something that did not previously exist. The act of creation is itself influenced by changes that have been previously brought about by others, including previous acts of creation. As with any human behavior, creativity has both biological and cultural aspects and is therefore influenced by biological as well as cultural evolution. However, biological evolution operates slowly and over a much longer timescale than cultural evolution, and change occurring within a human lifetime must be driven by cultural and social, rather than biological processes...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778545/a-descriptive-model-for-a-multidisciplinary-unit-for-colorectal-and-pelvic-malformations
#9
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Devin R Halleran, Carlos A Reck-Burneo, Alessandra C Gasior, Laura Weaver, Meghan Fisher, Andrea Wagner, Onnalisa Nash, Kristina Booth, Kaleigh Peters, Charae Williams, Sarah Mayer Brown, Peter Lu, Molly Fuchs, Karen Diefenbach, Jeffrey R Leonard, Geri Hewitt, Kate McCracken, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt
INTRODUCTION: Patients with anorectal malformations (ARM), Hirschsprung disease (HD), and colonic motility disorders often require care from specialists across a variety of fields, including colorectal surgery, urology, gynecology, and GI motility. We sought to describe the process of creating a collaborative process for the care of these complex patients. METHODS: We developed a model of a devoted center for these conditions that includes physicians, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and advanced practice nurses...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775992/from-breaking-point-to-breakthrough-during-the-icu-stay-a-qualitative-study-of-family-members-experiences-of-long-term-intensive-care-patients-pathways-towards-survival
#10
Hege S Haugdahl, Regina Eide, Ingeborg Alexandersen, Tove Engan Paulsby, Berit Stjern, Stine Borgen Lund, Gørill Haugan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore family members' experiences of long-term intensive care unit (ICU) patients' pathways towards survival and to highlight family members' efforts to promote the patient's health during the ICU stay. BACKGROUND: Although considerable research has been devoted to the substantial burden of long-term ICU patients, less attention has been paid to health promoting factors that facilitate patients' health and survival during ICU stays. Support from family members can improve patient outcome...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775952/molecular-simulation-and-experimental-validation-of-resorcinol-adsorption-on-ordered-mesoporous-carbon-omc
#11
Zaki Uddin Ahmad, Bing Chao, Mas Iwan Konggidinata, Qiyu Lian, Mark E Zappi, Daniel Dianchen Gang
Numerous research works have been devoted in the adsorption area using experimental approaches. All these approaches are based on trial and error process and extremely time consuming. Molecular simulation technique is a new tool that can be used to design and predict the performance of an adsorbent. This research proposed a simulation technique that can greatly reduce the time in designing the adsorbent. In this study, a new Rhombic ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) model is proposed and constructed with various pore sizes and oxygen contents using Materials Visualizer Module to optimize the structure of OMC for resorcinol adsorption...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775503/artificial-rod-and-cone-photoreceptors-with-human-like-spectral-sensitivities
#12
Byeongho Park, Heehong Yang, Tai Hwan Ha, Hyun Seo Park, Seung Ja Oh, Yong-Sang Ryu, Youngho Cho, Hyo-Suk Kim, Juyeong Oh, Dong Kyu Lee, Chulki Kim, Taikjin Lee, Minah Seo, Jaebin Choi, Young Min Jhon, Deok Ha Woo, Seok Lee, Seok Hwan Kim, Hyuk-Jae Lee, Seong Chan Jun, Hyun Seok Song, Tai Hyun Park, Jae Hun Kim
Photosensitive materials contain biologically engineered elements and are constructed using delicate techniques, with special attention devoted to efficiency, stability, and biocompatibility. However, to date, no photosensitive material has been developed to replace damaged visual-systems to detect light and transmit the signal to a neuron in the human body. In the current study, artificial nanovesicle-based photosensitive materials are observed to possess the characteristics of photoreceptors similar to the human eye...
May 18, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773840/rna-seq-and-uhplc-q-tof-ms-based-lipidomics-study-in-lysiphlebia-japonica
#13
Xueke Gao, Junyu Luo, Limin Lü, LiJuan Zhang, Shuai Zhang, Jinjie Cui
Lipids play an important role in energy storage, membrane structure stabilization and signaling. Parasitoids are excellent models to study lipidomics because a majority of them do not accumulate during their free-living life-stage. Studies on parasitoids have mostly focused on the changes in the lipids and gene transcripts in hosts and little attention has been devoted to lipidomics and transcriptomics changes in parasitoids. In this study, a relative quantitative analysis of lipids and their gene transcripts in 3-days-old Lysiphlebia japonica larva (3 days after spawning) and pupae were performed using liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry and RNA-seq...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773773/cuban-epidemic-neuropathy-insights-into-the-toxic-nutritional-hypothesis-through-international-collaboration
#14
Alina González-Quevedo, Rosaralis Santiesteban-Freixas, Janis T Eells, Lucimey Lima, Alfredo A Sadun
From 1991 to 1993, an epidemic of optic and peripheral neuropathy-the largest of the century-broke out in Cuba, affecting more than 50,000 people. Initially the main clinical features were decreased visual acuity, central and cecocentral scotomas, impaired color vision and absence of the papillomacular bundle. Later, peripheral and mixed optic-peripheral forms began to appear. Due to the magnitude of the epidemic, the Cuban government requested help from the international community at the 46th World Health Assembly in 1993...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773013/critical-review-on-curcumin-as-a-therapeutic-agent-from-traditional-herbal-medicine-to-an-ideal-therapeutic-agent
#15
Muhammad Usman Akbar, Kanwal Rehman, Khalid Mahmood Zia, Muhammad Imran Qadir, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash, Muhammad Ibrahim
Traditionally, many natural medicinal plants have been used to treat a variety of diseases since ancient times and are considered a potential source of phytochemicals for the development of new drugs. One of these is curcumin, which is an easily accessible, inexpensive, and nontoxic bioactive compound. Curcumin is a very important, naturally occurring, and highly lipophilic and phenolic substance derived from the rhizomes of plant Curcuma longa, a member of the Zingiberaceae (ginger) family, which is mostly used as a curry spice, flavoring agent, insect repellent, coloring agent in food, traditional drug, and ingredient in cosmetics...
2018: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772492/high-copper-content-in-vineyard-soils-promotes-modifications-in-photosynthetic-parameters-and-morphological-changes-in-the-root-system-of-red-niagara-plantlets
#16
Vítor Gabriel Ambrosini, Daniel José Rosa, George Wellington Bastos de Melo, Jovani Zalamena, Cesar Cella, Daniela Guimarães Simão, Leandro Souza da Silva, Henrique Pessoa Dos Santos, Moreno Toselli, Tadeu Luis Tiecher, Gustavo Brunetto
High copper (Cu) soil contents, due to the continuous vineyard application of Cu fungicides throughout the years, may impair the growth of the shoot and modify the structure of the root system. The current study aimed to investigate the threshold levels of available Cu in the soil causing toxicity effects in young grapevine plants of 'Red Niagara' cultivated in clay soils. Grapevine plantlets were cultivated in pots containing vineyard devoted soils with increasing contents of available Cu (25, 80, 100 and 165 mg kg-1 ), for 53 days...
May 8, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771977/studying-the-dynamics-of-interbeat-interval-time-series-of-healthy-and-congestive-heart-failure-subjects-using-scale-based-symbolic-entropy-analysis
#17
Imtiaz Awan, Wajid Aziz, Imran Hussain Shah, Nazneen Habib, Jalal S Alowibdi, Sharjil Saeed, Malik Sajjad Ahmed Nadeem, Syed Ahsin Ali Shah
Considerable interest has been devoted for developing a deeper understanding of the dynamics of healthy biological systems and how these dynamics are affected due to aging and disease. Entropy based complexity measures have widely been used for quantifying the dynamics of physical and biological systems. These techniques have provided valuable information leading to a fuller understanding of the dynamics of these systems and underlying stimuli that are responsible for anomalous behavior. The single scale based traditional entropy measures yielded contradictory results about the dynamics of real world time series data of healthy and pathological subjects...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771313/evaluating-the-potential-role-of-pleiotropy-in-mendelian-randomization-studies
#18
Gibran Hemani, Jack Bowden, George Davey Smith
Pleiotropy, the phenomenon of a single genetic variant influencing multiple traits, is likely widespread in the human genome. If pleiotropy arises because the SNP influences one trait, which in turn influences another ("vertical pleiotropy"), then Mendelian randomisation (MR) can be used to estimate the causal influence between the traits. Of prime focus among the many limitations to MR is the unprovable assumption that apparent pleiotropic associations are mediated by the exposure (i.e. reflect vertical pleiotropy), and do not arise due to SNPs influencing the two traits through independent pathways ("horizontal pleiotropy")...
May 16, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770453/determinants-of-wheat-noodle-color
#19
REVIEW
Craig F Morris
Noodles are a leading food in the world, and color is a key determinant of consumer acceptance. In this review the two prominent forms of wheat noodles are considered, white salted and alkaline. Many of the preparation and evaluation strategies are the same for both, with prominence placed on 'brightness' (L*) or a lack of discoloration (ΔL*), and the absence of 'specks'. All raw noodles darken over time. Increasing protein content of flours almost always translates into darker noodles. Greater discoloration is also associated with higher flour extraction rates, higher ash contents and higher starch damage...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769611/highly-reproducible-alkali-metal-doping-system-for-organic-crystals-through-enhanced-diffusion-of-alkali-metal-by-secondary-thermal-activation
#20
Jinho Lee, Chibeom Park, Intek Song, Jin Young Koo, Taekyung Yoon, Jun Sung Kim, Hee Cheul Choi
In this paper, we report an efficient alkali metal doping system for organic single crystals. Our system employs an enhanced diffusion method for the introduction of alkali metal into organic single crystals by controlling the sample temperature to induce secondary thermal activation. Using this system, we achieved intercalation of potassium into picene single crystals with closed packed crystal structures. Using optical microscopy and Raman spectroscopy, we confirmed that the resulting samples were uniformly doped and became K2 picene single crystal, while only parts of the crystal are doped and transformed into K2 picene without secondary thermal activation...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
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