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Duona Zhang, Wenrui Ding, Baochang Zhang, Chunyu Xie, Hongguang Li, Chunhui Liu, Jungong Han
Deep learning has recently attracted much attention due to its excellent performance in processing audio, image, and video data. However, few studies are devoted to the field of automatic modulation classification (AMC). It is one of the most well-known research topics in communication signal recognition and remains challenging for traditional methods due to complex disturbance from other sources. This paper proposes a heterogeneous deep model fusion (HDMF) method to solve the problem in a unified framework...
March 20, 2018: Sensors
Abbas Ostovan, Hamideh Asadollahzadeh, Mehrorang Ghaedi
This study is devoted on Allura Red as food colorant preconcentration and determination in beverage, fruit juice and drink water samples is based on usage of Mn- and Cu- @ ZnS-NPs-AC as new sorbent for ultrasound-assisted-dispersive solid-phase microextraction (UA-DSPME) combined with ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometric based method (UV-Vis). Contribution of volume of eluent, pH, sorbent mass and sonication time on response following conduction of 28 experiments were optimized and investigated while their significantly justified according to p-value...
May 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Hui Liu, Xiao Ma, Yuan Rao, Yang Liu, Jialiang Liu, Luyang Wang, Mingbo Wu
Considerable works have been devoted on developing high-efficiency non-platinum electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Herein, 3D heteromorphic NiCo2S4/Ni3S2 nanosheets network has been constructed on Ni foam (denoted as NiCo2S4/Ni3S2/NF) serving as a self-standing electrocatalyst through directly thermal sulfurization of a single-source NiCo-layered double hydroxide precursor. The resultant NiCo2S4/Ni3S2/NF electrode exhibits outstanding electrocatalytic HER performance with an extremely low onset overpotential of 15 mV and long-term durability in alkaline solution...
March 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jeroen M van de Pol, Jurjen G Geljon, Svetlana V Belitser, Geert W J Frederix, Anke M Hövels, Marcel L Bouvy
INTRODUCTION: The nature of community pharmacy is changing, shifting from the preparation and distribution of medicines to the provision of cognitive pharmaceutical services (CPS); however, often the provision of traditional services leaves little time for innovative services. This study investigated the time community pharmacists spend on the tasks and activities of daily practice and to what extent they are able to implement CPS-related services in daily practice. METHODS: Self-reporting work sampling was used to register the activities of community pharmacists...
March 9, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Stéphane Faucher, Philippe Le Coustumer, Gaëtane Lespes
This article deals with analytical chemistry devoted to nano-objects. A short review presents nano-objects, their singularity in relation to their dimensions, genesis, and possible transformations. The term nano-object is then explained. Nano-object characterization activities are considered and a definition of nanoanalytics is proposed. Parameters and properties for describing nano-objects on an individual scale and on the scale of a population are also presented. They enable the specificities of analytical activities to be highlighted in terms of multi-criteria description strategies and observation scale...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yizhi Zhuo, Verner Håkonsen, Zhiwei He, Senbo Xiao, Jianying He, Zhiliang Zhang
Ice accretion presents a severe risk for human safety. Despite great efforts for developing icephobic surfaces (the surface with an ice adhesion strength below 100 kPa) have been devoted, expanding the lifetime of state-of-the-art icephobic surfaces still remains as a critical unsolved issue. Herein, a novel icephobic material is designed by integrating interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) into autonomous self-healing elastomer, and applied in anti-icing for enhancing mechanical durability. The molecular structure, surface morphology, mechanical properties and durable icephobicity of the material were studied...
March 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kheireddine El-Boubbou
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), particularly made of iron oxides, have been extensively studied as diagnostic imaging agents and therapeutic delivery vehicles. In this review, special emphasis is set on the 'recent advancements of drug-conjugated MNPs used for therapeutic applications'. The most prevalent preparation methods and chemical functionalization strategies required for translational biomedical nanoformulations are outlined. Particular attention is, then, devoted to the tailored conjugation of drugs to the MNP carrier according to either noncovalent or covalent attachments, with advantages and drawbacks of both pathways conferred...
March 16, 2018: Nanomedicine
F Giorgiutti-Dauphiné, L Pauchard
The drying of complex fluids involves a large number of microscopic phenomena (transport and organization of non-volatile solutes) as well as hydrodynamic and mechanical instabilities. These phenomena can be captured in drying sessile drops where different domains can be identified: strong concentration gradients, formation of a glassy or porous envelope that withstands mechanical stress, and consolidation of a layer strongly adhering to the substrate at the drop edge. In colloidal systems, we quantify the evolution of the particle volume fraction at a nanometric scale and microscopic scale and identify the conditions for the envelope formation at the free surface by balancing the effect of diffusion and evaporation...
March 19, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Korkut Bekiroglu, Constantino Lagoa, Stephanie T Lanza, Mario Sznaier
Considerable effort has been devoted to the development of algorithms for identification of parsimonious discrete time models from noisy input/output data sets since this facilitates controller design. Several methods, such as nuclear norm minimization, have been used to provide approximate solutions to this non-convex problem. However, even though the field of continuous time system identification is now mature, results on parsimonious model identification of continuous time systems are still very limited...
July 2017: Proceedings of the IFAC World Congress
Weimin Han, Feixiao Long, Wenxiang Cong, Xavier Intes, Ge Wang
The radiative transfer equation (RTE) arises in a wide variety of applications, in particular, in biomedical imaging applications associated with the propagation of light through the biological tissue. However, highly forward-peaked scattering feature in a biological medium makes it very challenging to numerically solve the RTE problem accurately. One idea to overcome the difficulty associated with the highly forward-peaked scattering is through the use of a delta-Eddington phase function. This paper is devoted to an RTE framework with a family of delta-Eddington-type phase functions...
May 1, 2017: Applied Mathematics and Computation
Alastair Porter, Frances Barr, David Weaver
A distinguished veterinary clinician, author and teacher in the field of bovine medicine, who also devoted much of his time to European veterinary affairs.
March 17, 2018: Veterinary Record
Salvatore Sutti, Frank Tacke
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) remains a clinical challenge due to the poorly predictable outcomes. Accordingly, considerable efforts have been devoted to unravel the risk factors responsible for DILI worsening toward acute liver failure (ALF), liver transplantation (LT), and/or death. From a pathogenic point of view, exhaustion of drug metabolizing pathways, cell death mechanisms, activation of local immune cells, such as Kupffer cells, and recruitment of inflammatory leukocytes including monocytes and lymphocytes are key drivers of DILI progression...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
Inger Sundström-Poromaa
From a psychological perspective, the menstrual cycle has been a research topic for more than 50 years. The most recent menstrual cycle research has been driven by an increased interest in sex differences in neuroscience, and the urge to understand sex disparities in prevalence, clinical presentation, and treatment response in psychiatric or neurologic disorders. Indeed, the menstrual cycle is an excellent model of ovarian steroid influence on emotion, behavior, and cognition. This review summarizes the emotion-related and cognitive findings of methodologically sound menstrual cycle studies...
2018: Vitamins and Hormones
O V Galzitskaya, E I Galushko, O M Selivanova
Studies of the process of amyloid formation by Aβ peptide have been topical due to the critical role of this peptide in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Many articles devoted to this process are available in the literature; however, none of them gives a detailed description of the mechanism of the process of generation of amyloids. Moreover, there are no reliable data on the influence of modified forms of Aβ peptide on its amyloid formation. To appreciate the role of Aβ aggregation in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and to develop a strategy for its treatment, it is necessary to have a well-defined description of the molecular mechanism underlying the formation of amyloids as well as the contribution of each intermediate to this process...
January 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Song Jung, Dayoung Lee, Seongjun Park, Hyun Ju Hong
OBJECTIVE: This study intended to classify subtypes of Korean adolescents with suicidal ideation based on mental health problems and to explore the relationship between such subtypes and individual-, school- and community-level factors. METHOD: Data from high school freshmen who participated in the 2013 school-based mental health screening test and data about school and community variables obtained from public sources were combined and analyzed. A multilevel latent profile analysis using mental health issues as class indicators that included several predictors was conducted...
March 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Size Zheng, Katherine S Shing, Muhammad Sahimi
In this paper, the second in a series devoted to molecular modeling of protein aggregation, a mesoscale model of proteins together with extensive discontinuous molecular dynamics simulation is used to study the phenomenon in a confined medium. The medium, as a model of a crowded cellular environment, is represented by a spherical cavity, as well as cylindrical tubes with two aspect ratios. The aggregation process leads to the formation of β sheets and eventually fibrils, whose deposition on biological tissues is believed to be a major factor contributing to many neuro-degenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis diseases...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Bingbo Zhang, Wei Yan, Yanjing Zhu, Weitao Yang, Wenjun Le, Bingdi Chen, Rongrong Zhu, Liming Cheng
Patients are increasingly being diagnosed with neuropathic diseases, but are rarely cured because of the loss of neurons in damaged tissues. This situation creates an urgent clinical need to develop alternative treatment strategies for effective repair and regeneration of injured or diseased tissues. Neural stem cells (NSCs), highly pluripotent cells with the ability of self-renewal and potential for multidirectional differentiation, provide a promising solution to meet this demand. However, some serious challenges remaining to be addressed are the regulation of implanted NSCs, tracking their fate, monitoring their interaction with and responsiveness to the tissue environment, and evaluating their treatment efficacy...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Juan Zhao, Zhihe Chi, Zhan Yang, Xiaojie Chen, Michael S Arnold, Yi Zhang, Jiarui Xu, Zhenguo Chi, Matthew P Aldred
Truly stretchable electronics, wherein all components themselves permit elastic deformation as the whole devices are stretched, exhibit unique advantages over other strategies, such as simple fabrication process, high integrity of entire components and intimate integration with curvilinear surfaces. In contrast to the stretchable devices using stretchable interconnectors to integrate with rigid active devices, truly stretchable devices are realized with or without intentionally employing structural engineering (e...
March 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Matthias Vojta
This review article is devoted to the interplay between frustrated magnetism and quantum critical phenomena, covering both theoretical concepts and ideas as well as recent experimental developments in correlated-electron materials. The first part deals with local-moment magnetism in Mott insulators and the second part with frustration in metallic systems. In both cases, frustration can either induce exotic phases accompanied by exotic quantum critical points or lead to conventional ordering with unconventional crossover phenomena...
March 15, 2018: Reports on Progress in Physics
Derek Kellar, Sharlene Newman, Franco Pestilli, Hu Cheng, Nicholas L Port
Objectives: Though sub-concussive impacts are common during contact sports, there is little consensus whether repeat blows affect brain function. Using a "lifetime exposure" rather than acute exposure approach, we examined oculomotor performance and brain activation among collegiate football players and two control groups. Our analysis examined whether there are group differences in eye movement behavioral performance and in brain activation during smooth pursuit. Methods: Data from 21 off-season Division I football "starters" were compared with a) 19 collegiate cross-country runners, and b) 11 non-athlete college students who were SES matched to the football player group (total N  = 51)...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
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