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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783266/multiorgan-failure-syndrome-in-newborns-role-of-social-and-anatomico-functional-features-literature-review
#1
Dmytro A Skurupii, Evgeniy G Sonnyk, Vitaliy M Sizonenko
Protection of maternal health as well as protection of fetal and newborn health is a strategic objective in all countries. It ensures the formation of healthy generation as the basis of gene pool preservation and further development of the nation. It is known that the progress of critical conditions in newborns is different from classical concepts. Аnatomicofunctional features of the newborns (especially premature newborns), the effect of prenatal pathological factors are provocative and background factors of the multiorgan failure syndrome begining in these patients, which probably affects frequency of appearance of this syndrome, the mechanisms of development, clinical manifestations, the final of the disease and makes doctors to consider newborns in critical conditions as high-risk group for multiorgan failure syndrome appearance...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783228/awareness-of-pediatric-palliative-care-among-health-care-workers
#2
Oryna Z Detsyk, Zhanna M Zolotarova, Iryna V Stovban, Roman M Melnyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In order to develop such a relatively new type of medical care in Ukraine, as pediatric palliative care, first of all, qualified medical workers are needed. The aim: to assess the awareness of pediatric palliative care among healthcare workers providing medical services to children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: It was carried out a survey at health facilities of Ivano-Frankivsk region, which provided medical care for children...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783216/-complex-of-psycho-hygienic-correction-measures-of-personality-features-of-hiv-infected-men-and-evaluation-of-their-efficiency
#3
Ihor V Serheta, Oksana B Dudarenko, Olha P Mostova, Tetiana V Lobastova, Vitalii M Andriichuk, Larysa M Vakolyuk, Olha M Yakubovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In addition to adequate diagnosis and treatment of HIV-infected individuals, development, scientific substantiation and implementation of psycho-hygienic measures aimed at correcting the processes of forming personality traits and improving the psycho-emotional state of HIV-infected individuals are of particular importance. The aim: The purpose of the scientific research was to determine the most significant changes of situational and personal anxiety indicators, the degree of gravity of the asthenic state and depressive manifestations that were recorded in the context of the introduction of a number of measures for psycho-hygienic correction...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783196/activity-concentrations-of-238-u-and-226-ra-in-two-european-black-shales-and-their-experimentally-derived-leachates
#4
Franziska D H Wilke, Georg Schettler, Andrea Vieth-Hillebrand, Michael Kühn, Heike Rothe
The production of gas from unconventional resources became an important position in the world energy economics. In 2012, the European Commission's Joint Research Centre estimate 16 trillion cubic meters (Tcm) of technically recoverable shale gas in Europe. Taking into account that the exploitation of unconventional gas can be accompanied by serious health risks due to the release of toxic chemical components and natural occurring radionuclides into the return flow water and their near-surface accumulation in secondary precipitates, we investigated the release of U, Th and Ra from black shales by interaction with drilling fluids containing additives that are commonly employed for shale gas exploitation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783048/effect-of-auriculotherapy-on-the-plasma-concentration-of-biomarkers-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Rebeca Graça Costa-Cavalcanti, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Cristiane Ribeiro Kütter, Samuel Brandão-Sobrinho-Neto, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Marcia Cristina Moura-Fernandes, João Marcelo Castelpoggi da Costa, José Maurício de Morais Carmo, José Firmino Nogueira-Neto, Shyang Chang, Mario Bernardo-Filho
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the most frequent non-communicable diseases with pain associated symptoms and affects the musculoskeletal system. Various forms of treatment can be indicated and non-pharmacological treatment is also an available option for the management of KOA individuals. For instance, auriculotherapy (AT) is one possible procedure associated with the Traditional Chinese Medicine for dealing with KOA. It is believed that the concentration of certain biomarkers could be altered in individuals with KOA after AT...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782922/dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-infections-imported-to-paris-between-2009-and-2016-characteristics-and-correlation-with-outbreaks-in-the-french-overseas-territories-of-guadeloupe-and-martinique
#6
Victor Vasquez, Elie Haddad, Alice Perignon, Stéphane Jaureguiberry, Ségolène Brichler, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Eric Caumes
BACKGROUND: Dengue (DV), chikungunya (CV) and Zika virus (ZV) infections are rapidly expanding across countries and diagnosed in returned travelers who represent epidemiological sentinels. French Territories of America (FTA) such as Guadeloupe and Martinique are highly touristic places and have experienced three consecutive outbreaks by such viruses in the last decade. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated how ill returned travelers could be deemed as epidemiological sentinels for these three expanding arboviral diseases during eight consecutive years...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782878/the-ubiquitin-protein-ligase-e6ap-ube3a-supports-early-encephalomyocarditis-virus-replication
#7
Marybeth Carmody, Joshua T Zimmer, Camille H Cushman, Thao Nguyen, T Glen Lawson
Many viruses make use of, and even direct, the ubiquitin-proteasome system to facilitate the generation of a cellular environment favorable for virus replication, while host cells use selected protein ubiquitylation pathways for antiviral defense. Relatively little information has been acquired, however, regarding the extent to which protein ubiquitylation determines the replication success of picornaviruses. Here we report that the ubiquitin-protein ligase E6AP/UBE3A, recently shown to be a participant in encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) 3C protease concentration regulation, also facilitates the early stages of EMCV replication, probably by a mechanism that does not involve 3C protease ubiquitylation...
May 18, 2018: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782820/onchocerciasis-prevalence-human-migration-and-risks-for-onchocerciasis-elimination-in-the-upper-mouhoun-nakamb%C3%A3-and-nazinon-river-basins-in-burkina-faso
#8
Achille S Nikièma, Lassane Koala, Rory J Post, Alain B Paré, Claude Montant Kafando, François Drabo, Adrien M G Belem, Roch K Dabiré, Soungalo Traoré
Historically, the whole of Burkina Faso was considered to be endemic for onchocerciasis (except a small area in the far north of the country) with prevalence rates 60-80%, but all endemic areas were included in the World Health Organisation Onchocerciasis Control Programme, which operated a system of vector control by larviciding beginning in 1974. In Burkina Faso larviciding had been phased out by 1989 when it was considered that onchocerciasis had been reduced to levels below the transmission breakpoint (and any residual infections would disappear without further intervention)...
May 18, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782509/maternal-cardiovascular-and-endothelial-function-from-first-trimester-to-postpartum
#9
Vassiliki Kolovetsiou-Kreiner, Manfred Georg Moertl, Ilona Papousek, Karin Schmid-Zalaudek, Uwe Lang, Dietmar Schlembach, Mila Cervar-Zivkovic, Helmut Karl Lackner
OBJECTIVE: To explore noninvasively the complex interactions of the maternal hemodynamic system throughout pregnancy and the resulting after-effect six weeks postpartum. METHODS: Eighteen women were tested beginning at the 12th week of gestation at six time-points throughout pregnancy and six weeks postpartum. Heart rate, heart rate variability, blood pressure, pulse transit time (PTT), respiration, and baroreceptor sensitivity were analyzed in resting conditions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782366/single-agent-bevacizumab-in-recurrent-glioblastoma-after-second-line-chemotherapy-with-fotemustine-the-experience-of-the-italian-association-of-neuro-oncology
#10
Francesco Pasqualetti, Andrea Pace, Alessandra Gonnelli, Veronica Villani, Martina Cantarella, Durim Delishaj, Caterina Vivaldi, Alessandro Molinari, Sabrina Montrone, Alessia Pellerino, Federica Franchino, Davide Baldaccini, Giuseppe Lombardi, Ivan Lolli, Francesca Catania, Elena Bazzoli, Riccardo Morganti, Alessandra Fabi, Vittorina Zagonel, Guido Bocci, Maria Grazia Fabrini, Roberta Rudà, Riccardo Soffietti, Fabiola Paiar
OBJECTIVES: Bevacizumab is an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor antibody used in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma (GBM). Despite the large number of studies carried out in patients with recurrent GBM, little is known about the administration of this angiogenesis inhibitor after the failure of the second-line chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective multicenter study, on behalf of the Italian Association of Neuro-Oncology, we reported the results obtained in 51 patients with recurrent GBM treated with single-agent bevacizumab after the failure of second-line chemotherapy with fotemustine...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782180/current-evidence-on-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-as-a-complementary-anticraving-intervention
#11
Nour Alayan, Lucille Eller, Marsha E Bates, Dennis P Carmody
BACKGROUND: The limited success of conventional anticraving interventions encourages research into new treatment strategies. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB), which is based on slowed breathing, was shown to improve symptom severity in various disorders. HRVB, and certain rates of controlled breathing (CB), may offer therapeutic potential as a complementary drug-free treatment option to help control substance craving. METHODS: This review evaluated current evidence on the effectiveness of HRVB and CB training as a complementary anticraving intervention, based on guidelines from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781968/infusing-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-fostering-praxis-through-simulation
#12
Robyn Caldwell, Courtney Cochran
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM: Forensic clinical experiences are often inconsistent in undergraduate nursing education. Nursing students are not included in the process of forensic evidence collection, often because of the sensitive nature of the situation. Unfortunately, nursing students are forced to rely on theoretical knowledge provided by the nurse educator to understand the complexities of forensic nursing care. Nursing students must be able to identify and provide appropriate nursing care for individuals in all forensic situations...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781699/conceptualisation-of-african-primal-health-care-within-mental-health-care
#13
Neo E Nare, Abel J Pienaar, Ditaba D Mphuthi
BACKGROUND:  It is believed by western education systems that the first contact should be with the nurse in primary health care. However, it is not the case. Therefore, the researcher attempts to correct this misconception by conceptualising the correct beginning of health seeking behaviour in an indigenous African community, namely African Primal Health Care (APHC). 'Primal' was coined during a colloquium by Dr Mbulawa and Seboka team members; however no formal conceptualisation took place, only operational definition...
March 22, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781629/finding-peace-of-mind-when-there-still-is-so-much-left-undone-a-diary-study-on-how-job-stress-competence-need-satisfaction-and-proactive-work-behavior-contribute-to-work-related-rumination-during-the-weekend
#14
Oliver Weigelt, Christine J Syrek, Antje Schmitt, Tina Urbach
Unfinished work tasks have been identified as a significant job-related stressor in recent occupational stress research. Extending this research, we examine how and when not finishing one's tasks by the end of the work week affects work-related rumination at the weekend. Drawing on control theory, we examined competence need satisfaction as a mediating mechanism that links unfinished tasks at the end of the work week to work-related rumination at the weekend. Furthermore, we scrutinized whether proactive work behavior within the work week may neutralize the detrimental effects of unfinished tasks on competence need satisfaction and rumination...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781219/disentangling-the-effects-of-acidic-air-pollution-atmospheric-co-2-and-climate-change-on-recent-growth-of-red-spruce-trees-in-the-central-appalachian-mountains
#15
Justin M Mathias, Richard B Thomas
In the 45 years after legislation of the Clean Air Act, there has been tremendous progress in reducing acidic air pollutants in the eastern United States, yet limited evidence exists that cleaner air has improved forest health. Here, we investigate the influence of recent environmental changes on the growth and physiology of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) trees, a key indicator species of forest health, spanning three locations along a 100 km transect in the Central Appalachian Mountains. We incorporated a multiproxy approach using 75-year tree ring chronologies of basal tree growth, carbon isotope discrimination (∆13 C, a proxy for leaf gas exchange), and δ15 N (a proxy for ecosystem N status) to examine tree and ecosystem level responses to environmental change...
May 20, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781199/smart-sensing-methodology-for-object-identification-using-circularly-polarized-luminescence-from-coordination-driven-self-assembly
#16
Yuki Imai, Yuka Nakano, Tsuyoshi Kawai, Junpei Yuasa
This work demonstrates a potential use of circularly polarized luminescence for object identification methodology in a sensor application. Towards this aim, we have developed new luminescence probes using pyrene derivatives as sensor luminophores. The probes [(R,R)- and (S,S)-Im2Py] contain two chiral imidazole moieties at 1,6-positions through ethynyl spacers (the angle between the spacers is close to 180°). The probe molecules spontaneously self-assemble into chiral stacks (P or M helicity) upon coordination to metal ions with tetrahedral coordination preference (e...
May 21, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781150/sex-differences-in-adolescent-ethanol-drinking-to-behavioral-intoxication
#17
Sara R Westbrook, Minsu Kang, Luke K Sherrill, Dylan O'Hearn, Tanya Krishnamani, Joshua M Gulley
Rodent models have been especially useful for investigating adolescent ethanol exposure. However, there is a paucity of studies examining sex differences in behavioral intoxication from adolescent ethanol drinking. Here, we used an ethanol drinking model to investigate if adolescent rats of both sexes readily drink ethanol to measurable behavioral intoxication, indicated by increased impulsive action and motor incoordination. Beginning on postnatal day (P) 28, male and female Long-Evans rats were given 30-min access to a solution of sucrose (20%) or sweetened ethanol (20% sucrose +15% ethanol) every other day until P60 and once after 2 weeks of forced abstinence (on P75)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781105/nonmuscle-myosin-ii-in-cardiac-and-skeletal-muscle-cells
#18
Jushuo Wang, Yingli Fan, Jean M Sanger, Joseph W Sanger
De novo assembly of contractile myofibrils begins with the formation of premyofibrils where filaments of non-muscle myosin (NM II), and actin organize in sarcomeric patterns with Z-Bodies containing muscle-specific alpha-actinin. Interactions of muscle specific myosin (MM II) with NM II occur in a nascent myofibril stage that precedes the assembly of mature myofibrils. By the final stage of myofibrillogenesis, the only myosin II present in the mature myofibrils is MM II. In this current study of myofibril assembly, the three vertebrate isoforms of NM II (A, B, and C) and sarcomeric alpha-actinin, ligated to GFP family proteins, were coexpressed in avian embryonic skeletal and cardiac muscle cells...
May 21, 2018: Cytoskeleton
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781087/is-%C3%AE-endorphin-significant-in-the-control-of-the-male-sexual-response
#19
Stefan Ückert, Armin J Becker, Andreas Bannowsky, Christian G Stief, Markus A Kuczyk
It has been assumed that β-endorphin, belonging to the family of opiodergic neuropeptides, might facilitate the inhibition of the male sexual response; however, its role in the control of the penile erectile tissue remains to be elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate in healthy men the course of β-endorphin in the systemic and cavernous blood through different stages of sexual arousal. Thirty-four (34) men were exposed to erotic stimuli to induce penile tumescence and rigidity. Blood was aspirated from the corpus cavernosum and a cubital vein during the penile conditions flaccidity, tumescence, rigidity and detumescence...
May 20, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780888/empathy-in-internal-medicine-residents-at-community-based-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jami Foreback, Halina Kusz, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Barbara Pawlaczyk
Introduction: Many research reports revealed declining empathy in medical schools that continues in postgraduate years of training. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported empathy levels of internal medicine (IM) residents in 3 community-based teaching hospitals. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Health Professionals version, is an online, self-administered, questionnaire that was offered to 129 current and incoming residents at 1 osteopathic and 2 allopathic, IM training programs in Flint, Michigan...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
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