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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232117/all-fullerene-based-cells-for-non-aqueous-redox-flow-batteries
#1
Jochen Friedl, Maria A Lebedeva, Kyriakos Porfyrakis, Ulrich Stimming, Thomas W Chamberlain
Redox flow batteries have the potential to revolutionize our use of intermittent sustainable energy sources such as solar and wind power by storing the energy in liquid electrolytes. Our concept study utilizes a novel electrolyte system, exploiting derivatised fullerenes as both anolyte and catholyte species in a series of battery cells, including a symmetric, single species system which alleviates the common problem of membrane crossover. The prototype multi electron system, utilizing molecular based charge carriers, made from inexpensive, abundant and sustainable materials, principally, C and Fe, demonstrates remarkable current and energy densities and promising long-term cycling stability...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217255/forms-and-functions-of-store-operated-calcium-entry-mediators-stim-and-orai
#2
REVIEW
James W Putney
Calcium signals arise by multiple mechanisms, including mechanisms of release of intracellular stored Ca2+, and the influx of Ca2+ through channels in the plasma membrane. One mechanism that links these two sources of Ca2+ is store-operated Ca2+ entry, the most commonly encountered version of which involves the extensively studied calcium-release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channel. The minimal and essential molecular components of the CRAC channel are the STIM proteins that function as Ca2+ sensors in the endoplasmic reticulum, and the Orai proteins that comprise the pore forming subunits of the CRAC channel...
November 22, 2017: Advances in Biological Regulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203863/orai-channels-are-critical-for-receptor-mediated-endocytosis-of-albumin
#3
Bo Zeng, Gui-Lan Chen, Eliana Garcia-Vaz, Sunil Bhandari, Nikoleta Daskoulidou, Lisa M Berglund, Hongni Jiang, Thomas Hallett, Lu-Ping Zhou, Li Huang, Zi-Hao Xu, Viji Nair, Robert G Nelson, Wenjun Ju, Matthias Kretzler, Stephen L Atkin, Maria F Gomez, Shang-Zhong Xu
Impaired albumin reabsorption by proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) has been highlighted in diabetic nephropathy (DN), but little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. Here we find that ORAI1-3, are preferentially expressed in PTECs and downregulated in patients with DN. Hyperglycemia or blockade of insulin signaling reduces the expression of ORAI1-3. Inhibition of ORAI channels by BTP2 and diethylstilbestrol or silencing of ORAI expression impairs albumin uptake. Transgenic mice expressing a dominant-negative Orai1 mutant (E108Q) increases albuminuria, and in vivo injection of BTP2 exacerbates albuminuria in streptozotocin-induced and Akita diabetic mice...
December 4, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202109/ylmd-and-ylme-genes-are-dispensable-for-growth-cross-wall-formation-and-sporulation-in-streptomyces-venezuelae
#4
Fernando Santos-Beneit, Jing-Ying Gu, Ulrich Stimming, Jeff Errington
Streptomycetes are Gram-positive filamentous soil bacteria that grow by tip extension and branching, forming a network of multinucleoid hyphae. These bacteria also have an elaborate process of morphological differentiation, which involves the formation of an aerial mycelium that eventually undergoes extensive septation into chains of uninucleoid cells that further metamorphose into spores. The tubulin-like FtsZ protein is essential for this septation process. Most of the conserved cell division genes (including ftsZ) have been inactivated in Streptomyces without the anticipated lethality, based on studies of many other bacteria...
November 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191867/editorial-countering-immune-regulation-stim-ulating-sle-disease-pathogenesis
#5
EDITORIAL
Kiera L Clayton, Mario M Ostrowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177996/heavy-metal-speciation-redistribution-in-solid-phase-and-potential-environmental-risk-assessment-during-the-conversion-of-msw-incineration-fly-ash-into-molten-slag
#6
Jingde Luan, Meiyun Chai, Yawei Liu, Xin Ke
The alkalinity (AKash), BCR sequential extraction method, and principle component analysis (PCA) were adopted to investigate the heavy-metal partitioning and their speciation redistribution in solid phase in ash-melting process. The results indicated that the conversion of Zn-OXI (oxidisable fraction) into Zn-RES (residual fraction) and the decomposition of Cu-OXI fraction were prevailing in solid-phase reaction. Moreover, the alkalinity reduction from AKash = 2.0 to AKash = 1.2 had positive implications for the concentration reduction of As-RED (reducible fraction), Zn-RED, and Pb-RES fractions in slags...
November 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174271/effects-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-therapy-at-different-frequencies-and-durations-on-rotator-cuff-tendon-to-bone-healing-in-a-rat-model
#7
Julianne Huegel, Daniel S Choi, Courtney A Nuss, Mary C C Minnig, Jennica J Tucker, Andrew F Kuntz, Erik I Waldorff, Nianli Zhang, James T Ryaby, Louis J Soslowsky
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears affect millions of individuals each year, often requiring surgical intervention. However, repair failure remains common. We have previously shown that pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy improved tendon-to-bone healing in a rat rotator cuff model. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of both PEMF frequency and exposure time on rotator cuff healing. METHODS: Two hundred ten Sprague-Dawley rats underwent acute bilateral supraspinatus injury and repair followed by either Physio-Stim PEMF or high-frequency PEMF therapy for 1, 3, or 6 hours daily...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120219/how-to-change-conscientiousness-the-sociogenomic-trait-intervention-model
#8
Brent W Roberts, Patrick L Hill, Jordan P Davis
Conscientiousness, the propensity to be organized, responsible, self-controlled, industrious, and rule-following, is related to numerous important outcomes including many forms of psychopathology. Given the increasing awareness of the importance of conscientiousness, it is becoming common to want to understand how to foster it. In this paper we first describe and update a recent model that was put forward as a theoretically informed intervention to change conscientiousness. We then consider recent life span theories focused on conscientiousness that might inform how best to use existing interventions as well as identify potential moderators of the effectiveness of intervention...
July 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089980/promises-and-pitfalls-of-immune-based-strategies-for-huntington-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Gabriela Delevati Colpo, Erin Furr Stimming, Natalia Pessoa Rocha, Antonio Lucio Teixeira
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by the selective loss of neurons in the striatum and cortex, leading to progressive motor dysfunction, cognitive decline and behavioral symptoms. HD is caused by a trinucleotide (CAG) repeat expansion in the gene encoding for huntingtin. Several studies have suggested that inflammation is an important feature of HD and it is already observed in the early stages of the disease. Recently, new molecules presenting anti-inflammatory and/or immunomodulatory have been investigated for HD...
September 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030115/store-operated-ca-2-entry-controls-clonal-expansion-of-t-cells-through-metabolic-reprogramming
#10
Martin Vaeth, Mate Maus, Stefan Klein-Hessling, Elizaveta Freinkman, Jun Yang, Miriam Eckstein, Scott Cameron, Stuart E Turvey, Edgar Serfling, Friederike Berberich-Siebelt, Richard Possemato, Stefan Feske
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is the main Ca(2+) influx pathway in lymphocytes and is essential for T cell function and adaptive immunity. SOCE is mediated by Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels that are activated by stromal interaction molecule (STIM) 1 and STIM2. SOCE regulates many Ca(2+)-dependent signaling molecules, including calcineurin, and inhibition of SOCE or calcineurin impairs antigen-dependent T cell proliferation. We here report that SOCE and calcineurin regulate cell cycle entry of quiescent T cells by controlling glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation...
October 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978834/molecular-biology-and-treatment-of-cml
#11
Shinya Kimura
Since the development of imatinib mesylate, an ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has made remarkable progress. Second and third generation TKIs have also become available for clinical use. Considering the improved treatment outcomes, chronic phase CML has become manageable, with a low mortality rate. Furthermore, clinical trials such as STIM and DADI have shown that TKI can be discontinued safely in certain CML patients. However, some CML patients, especially those in accelerated phase (AP) or blast phase (BP), require more aggressive forms of treatment such as allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974198/integrated-pipeline-for-inferring-the-evolutionary-history-of-a-gene-family-embedded-in-the-species-tree-a-case-study-on-the-stimate-gene-family
#12
Jia Song, Sisi Zheng, Nhung Nguyen, Youjun Wang, Yubin Zhou, Kui Lin
BACKGROUND: Because phylogenetic inference is an important basis for answering many evolutionary problems, a large number of algorithms have been developed. Some of these algorithms have been improved by integrating gene evolution models with the expectation of accommodating the hierarchy of evolutionary processes. To the best of our knowledge, however, there still is no single unifying model or algorithm that can take all evolutionary processes into account through a stepwise or simultaneous method...
October 3, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965919/pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-inhibit-human-osteoclast-formation-and-gene-expression-via-osteoblasts
#13
Zhiming He, Nagarajan Selvamurugan, Johanna Warshaw, Nicola C Partridge
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) can be effective in promoting the healing of delayed union or nonunion fractures. We previously reported that PEMF (Spinal-Stim® by Orthofix, Inc., Lewisville, TX) stimulated proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of rat calvarial osteoblastic cells in culture. In the present work we investigated the effects of PEMF (Physio-Stim® by Orthofix, Inc., Lewisville, TX) on human bone marrow macrophages (hBMMs) differentiated to osteoclasts. PEMF had striking inhibitory effects on formation of osteoclasts from hBMMs from both younger and older women...
September 28, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951797/earlier-intervention-with-deep-brain-stimulation-for-parkinson-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Gerson Suarez-Cedeno, Jessika Suescun, Mya C Schiess
Neuromodulation of subcortical areas of the brain as therapy to reduce Parkinsonian motor symptoms was developed in the mid-twentieth century and went through many technical and scientific advances that established specific targets and stimulation parameters. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) was approved by the FDA in 2002 as neuromodulation therapy for advanced Parkinson's disease, prompting several randomized controlled trials that confirmed its safety and effectiveness. The implantation of tens of thousands of patients in North America and Europe ignited research into its potential role in early disease stages and the therapeutic benefit of DBS compared to best medical therapy...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930597/the-store-operated-calcium-channels-in-cancer-metastasis-from-cell-migration-invasion-to-metastatic-colonization
#15
Pingli Mo, Shengyu Yang
Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is the predominant calcium entry mechanism in most cancer cells. SOCE is mediated by the endoplasmic reticulum calcium sensor STIMs (STIM1 and 2) and plasma membrane channel forming unit Orais (Orai 1-3). In recent years there is increasing evidence indicating that SOCE in cancer cells is dysregulated to promote cancer cell migration, invasion and metastasis. The overexpression of STIM and Orai proteins has been reported to correlate with the metastatic progression of various cancers...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919499/comparing-electrical-stimulation-with-and-without-ultrasound-guidance-for-phenol-neurolysis-to-the-musculocutaneous-nerve
#16
Mary E Matsumoto, Jessica Berry, Herbie Yung, Martha Matsumoto, Michael C Munin
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound guidance is increasingly being used for neurolytic procedures that have traditionally been done with electrical stimulation (e-stim) guidance alone. Ultrasound visualization with e-stim-guided neurolysis can potentially allow adjustments in injection protocols that will reduce the volume of neurolytic agent needed to achieve clinical improvement. OBJECTIVE: This study compared e-stim only to e-stim with ultrasound guidance in phenol neurolysis of the musculocutaneous nerve (MCN) for elbow flexor spasticity...
September 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912430/stim1-dependent-ca-2-signaling-regulates-podosome-formation-to-facilitate-cancer-cell-invasion
#17
Yun-Wen Chen, Yih-Fung Chen, Wen-Tai Chiu, Hong-Chen Chen, Meng-Ru Shen
The clinical significance of STIM proteins and Orai Ca(2+) channels in tumor progression has been demonstrated in different types of cancers. Podosomes are dynamic actin-rich cellular protrusions that facilitate cancer cell invasiveness by degrading extracellular matrix. Whether STIM1-dependent Ca(2+) signaling facilitates cancer cell invasion through affecting podosome formation remains unclear. Here we show that the invasive fronts of cancer tissues overexpress STIM1, accompanied by active store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE)...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900932/neurological-and-motor-disorders-neuronal-store-operated-ca-2-signaling-an-overview-and-its-function
#18
Sunitha Bollimuntha, Biswaranjan Pani, Brij B Singh
Calcium (Ca(2+)) is a ubiquitous second messenger that performs significant physiological task such as neurosecretion, exocytosis, neuronal growth/differentiation, and the development and/or maintenance of neural circuits. An important regulatory aspect of neuronal Ca(2+) homeostasis is store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) which, in recent years, has gained much attention for influencing a variety of nerve cell responses. Essentially, activation of SOCE ensues following the activation of the plasma membrane (PM) store-operated Ca(2+) channels (SOCC) triggered by the depletion of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) stores...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900927/cardiovascular-and-hemostatic-disorders-role-of-stim-and-orai-proteins-in-vascular-disorders
#19
Jyoti Tanwar, Mohamed Trebak, Rajender K Motiani
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) mediated by STIM and Orai proteins is a highly regulated and ubiquitous signaling pathway that plays an important role in various cellular and physiological functions. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) serves as the major site for intracellular Ca(2+) storage. Stromal Interaction Molecule 1/2 (STIM1/2) sense decrease in ER Ca(2+) levels and transmits the message to plasma membrane Ca(2+) channels constituted by Orai family members (Orai1/2/3) resulting in Ca(2+) influx into the cells...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900924/tissue-specificity-store-operated-ca-2-entry-in-cardiac-myocytes
#20
Martin D Bootman, Katja Rietdorf
Calcium (Ca(2+)) is a key regulator of cardiomyocyte contraction. The Ca(2+) channels, pumps, and exchangers responsible for the cyclical cytosolic Ca(2+) signals that underlie contraction are well known. In addition to those Ca(2+) signaling components responsible for contraction, it has been proposed that cardiomyocytes express channels that promote the influx of Ca(2+) from the extracellular milieu to the cytosol in response to depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores. With non-excitable cells, this store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is usually easily demonstrated and is essential for prolonging cellular Ca(2+) signaling and for refilling depleted Ca(2+) stores...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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