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muscular re-education

David Díaz, Marina Piquer-Gil, Javier Sánchez Recio, María Magdalena Martínez-Losa, José Ramón Alonso, Eduardo Weruaga, Manuel Álvarez-Dolado
Ataxias are locomotor disorders that can have an origin both neural and muscular, although both impairments are related. Unfortunately, ataxia has no cure, and the current therapies are aimed at motor re-education or muscular reinforcement. Nevertheless, cell therapy is becoming a promising approach to deal with incurable neural diseases, including neuromuscular ataxias. Here, we have used a model of ataxia, the Purkinje Cell Degeneration (PCD) mutant mouse, to study the effect of healthy (wild-type) bone marrow transplantation on the restoration of defective mobility...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Maria Fernandez-Ibieta, Lidia Ayuso-Gonzalez
In Dysfunctional Voiding (DV), the external urethral sphincter or pelvic diaphragm (consisting of striated muscle) contracts during voiding, contrary to normal physiological mechanism. In Flowmetry plus pelvic Electromyography (EMG), the perineal surface electrodes will show a persistent activity during voiding. The cause is believed to be the persistence of an immature bladder control. The overall prevalence of DV is estimated between 7 and 11% of girls of school age. Symptoms of DV comprise a range of symptoms, deriving from outlet obstruction, incomplete voiding and elevated Post Micturition Residual (PMR): from daytime urine leaks, nocturnal enuresis, Urinary Tract Infections (UTI), or Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), to the final decompensation of upper urinary tract in extreme cases...
2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
David R Lubans, Jordan J Smith, Louisa R Peralta, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Anthony D Okely, Jo Salmon, Narelle Eather, Deborah L Dewar, Sarah Kennedy, Chris Lonsdale, Toni A Hilland, Paul Estabrooks, Tara L Finn, Emma Pollock, Philip J Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity has been described as a global pandemic. Interventions aimed at developing skills in lifelong physical activities may provide the foundation for an active lifestyle into adulthood. In general, school-based physical activity interventions targeting adolescents have produced modest results and few have been designed to be 'scaled-up' and disseminated. This study aims to: (1) assess the effectiveness of two physical activity promotion programmes (ie, NEAT and ATLAS) that have been modified for scalability; and (2) evaluate the dissemination of these programmes throughout government funded secondary schools...
June 27, 2016: BMJ Open
Luca Levrini, Paola Lorusso, Alberto Caprioglio, Augusta Magnani, Giovana Diaféria, Lia Bittencourt, Silvana Bommarito
Rapid maxillary expansion (RME) is a widely used practice in orthodontics. Scientific evidence shows that RME can be helpful in modifying the breathing pattern in mouth-breathing patients. In order to promote the restoration of physiological breathing we have developed a rehabilitation program associated with RME in children. The aim of the study was a literature review and a model of orofacial rehabilitation in children with obstructive sleep apnea undergoing treatment with rapid maxillary expansion. Muscular training (local exercises and general ones) is the key factor of the program...
December 2014: Sleep Science
Patrícia Maria Duarte de Almeida
Considering the body structures and systems loss of function, after a Spinal Cord Injury, with is respective activities limitations and social participation restriction, the rehabilitation process goals are to achieve the maximal functional independence and quality of life allowed by the clinical lesion. For this is necessary a rehabilitation period with a rehabilitation team, including the physiotherapist whose interventions will depend on factors such degree of completeness or incompleteness and patient clinical stage...
February 2006: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Neslihan Keser Ozcan, Hülya Bilgin, Nur Elçin Badırgalı Boyacıoğlu, Fadime Kaya
The aim of this study was to determine student nurses' attitudes towards professional containment methods used in psychiatric wards and its relation to their perception of aggression. We employed a cross-sectional descriptive design to evaluate nurses' attitudes. Participants included 120 student nurses who were enrolled in psychiatric nursing during their fourth (final) year of education. The 'Attitude to Containment Measures Questionnaire' and 'The Perception of Aggression Scale' were used for assessments...
August 2014: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Riccardo Del Vescovo, Claudia Lucia Piccolo, Nicoletta Della Vecchia, Francesco Giurazza, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Rosario Francesco Grasso, Bruno Beomonte Zobel
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic floor dysfunctions affect a very high proportion of female population. Magnetic resonance imaging is the only technique able to provide a multiplanar overview of pelvic organs and muscles without the use of ionizing radiation. The aim of our prospective study is to objectively evaluate the effectiveness of perineal re-education applying MR technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 22 patients affected by stress urinary incontinence were enrolled in our prospective study...
March 2014: European Journal of Radiology
Philip Malloy, Molly Malloy, Peter Draovitch
Rehabilitation guidelines following hip arthroscopy have been presented in the literature with common themes consisting of initial protection, restoration of lumbo-pelvic stability, neuromuscular re-education, and return to sport training. The purpose of this review is to present hip arthroscopy guidelines in 4 phases and to address common pitfalls that may delay the rehabilitative process. The goal of phase 1 should be to protect healing tissues through activity modifications. Phase 2 intends to return the patient to pain-free community ambulation without compensation or irritation...
September 2013: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
Haritz Zabaleta, Cristina Rodriguez-de-Pablo, Nadica Miljkovic, Thierry Keller, Gonzalo A Garcia
The cost of the medical treatment of low back pain (LBP) was estimated to be $24 billion in the early 90s. Also, 80% of the LBP is estimated to be due to poor or inappropriate posture. The ultimate goal of the project is to develop a surface electromyography (sEMG)-based device that could be used to prevent and treat LBP by postural re-education or simply for on-the-spot sEMG feedback. In this paper we present the results and conclusions of a feasibility study for sEMG-based poor posture classifier. The results show that a s-EMG based poor posture classifier could be possible...
2012: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Leonardo Gizzi, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Francesco Felici, Juan C Moreno, José L Pons, Dario Farina
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that locomotion is achieved by means of rhythm generating networks (central pattern generators) and muscle activation generating networks. This modular organization can be partly identified from the analysis of the muscular activity by means of factorization algorithms. The activity of rhythm generating networks is described by activation signals whilst the muscle intervention generating network is represented by motor modules (muscle synergies). In this study, we extend the analysis of modular organization of walking to the case of robot-aided locomotion, at varying speed and body weight support level...
2012: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Carole Fortin, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Clarice Tanaka, Michelle Houde, Hubert Labelle
BACKGROUND: In the Global postural re-education (GPR) evaluation, posture alterations are associated with anterior or posterior muscular chain impairments. Our goal was to assess the reliability of the GPR muscular chain evaluation. METHODS: HASH(0x2d606c0) DESIGN: Inter-rater reliability study. Fifty physical therapists (PTs) and two experts trained in GPR assessed the standing posture from photographs of five youths with idiopathic scoliosis using a posture analysis grid with 23 posture indices (PI)...
2012: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Kari E Brown, Laurie Stickler
STUDY DESIGN: Resident's Case Study BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: The reports of spinal accessory nerve injury in the literature primarily focus on injury following surgical dissection or traumatic stretch injury. There is limited literature describing the presentation and diagnosis of this injury with an unknown cause. The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical decision-making process that guided the diagnosis and treatment of a complex patient with spinal accessory nerve palsy (SANP) whose clinical presentation and response to therapy were inconsistent with the results of multiple diagnostic tests...
September 2011: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Christine Sattler, Kirk I Erickson, Pablo Toro, Johannes Schröder
To evaluate the predictive effects of subjective measures of physical activity (PA) and objective measures of physical fitness (PF) on dementia risk, Participants of the prospective population-based ILSE-study (*1930-1932; 12-year follow-up) were examined at three examination waves (t1 : 1993/94; t2 : 1997/98; t3 : 2005/07). 381 subjects of the original cohort (n = 500) were re-examined at t3. 29% of the subjects who were cognitively healthy at baseline received the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 7% of Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
2011: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Jim Bartley
Temporomandibular joint disease (TMD) refers to a collection of pain related conditions in the masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joint. Occlusal factors have been implicated in TMD pathogenesis, yet despite decades of research no causal relationship between occlusion and TMD has been found. The significance of psychosocial factors in both the assessment and the long-term management of patients with TMD is receiving increased recognition. The teaching of relaxation skills and coping strategies are effective, proven TMD therapies...
July 2011: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Wilfried Engelke, Wolfgang Engelhardt, Milagros Mendoza-Gärtner, Oscar Deccó, Jenifer Barrirero, Michael Knösel
Orofacial biofunction comprises muscular and physical effects, which may contribute to stabilization of the oropharyngeal airway. The tongue-repositioning manoeuvre (TRM) provides physical stabilization of the tongue and the soft palate together with, as a prerequisite, a nasal breathing mode. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of a TRM treatment concept on primary snoring. The TRM was used to achieve a closed biofunctional rest position of the orofacial system and to re-educate the nasal breathing pattern...
October 2010: European Journal of Orthodontics
Liba Sheeran, Valerie Sparkes, Monica Busse, Robert van Deursen
Postural re-education is an integral part of physiotherapy management in patients with back pain. Although the link between posture and back pain is largely unknown, postural re-education is performed on the premise of optimizing spinal alignment to minimize stresses on the passive structures of the spine, to facilitate optimal muscular support and thus to prevent possible damage and further pain. A reliable and clinically meaningful measurement of spinal postures to monitor such interventions remains challenging...
June 2010: European Spine Journal
Mark W Morningstar
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that restoring the lumbar lordosis will increase a patient's voluntary muscular strength and decrease back pain symptoms. CLINICAL FEATURES: A patient was diagnosed with mechanical low back pain. The initial radiographic study revealed a loss of the lumbar lordosis. The patient determined his maximum bench press prior to the treatment program. The treatment outcome was based upon post-intervention radiographs, a Borg pain scale, and the patient's post-intervention maximum bench press...
2003: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Anne-Marie Begué-Simon, Jacques Chaperon
An intervention to prevent chronic back pain and muscular-skeletal disorder (MSD) was implemented in the second half of 2003 at an automobile factory targeting employees from the cable construction division who were redeployed internally to a another division of the plant. This action-research consisted of exploring the benefits of establishing specialized gym classes for back exercises and re-education at the workplace to help prevent chronic lower back pain. Employees who had previously reported lower back pain that was either slightly disabling to none incapacitating and those who were in-line to be redeployed to another division were all offered the opportunity to undertake a medical exam and physical therapy check-up and to respond to a self-administered questionnaire in order to assess the functional state of of each employee, his perception of pain, and the manifestation and impact of this in daily life...
September 2008: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Josef DellaGrotte, Renzo Ridi, Monica Landi, James Stephens
Postural organization is controlled by the central nervous system in conjunction with the skeletal, muscular, and fascial systems. This paper explores the effects on static and dynamic postural misalignment of a neuromotor re-education intervention. In total, 13 control and 14 experimental subjects with postural deviations were studied. An individualized Dellagrotte core-integration intervention was performed with subjects in the experimental group over a period of 2 months. Twenty-five postural parameters were assessed pre- and post-intervention to give a global postural assessment score...
July 2008: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
T Denolle, A Sharareh, M Dib, M-F Agaesse, V Auguste, H Boutier, C Bouvet, J Maillard, A Richard, F Revault d'allonnes
OBJECTIVE: To improve the secondary prevention, particularly hypertension management among coronary patients. METHODS: In 2004-2005, out of 175 coronary patients having taken part in a cycle of the Educoeur center of the health network Rivarance, 131 (75%) aged between 32-79 years of age (an average of 61 years with 11% women, 52% hypertensive, 24% smokers, 10% diabetics and 72% with unbalanced dyslipidemia (LDL>1g/l)) were re-examined within 12 months and were compared with a French cohort of the EuroAspire II study (365 patients - Lancet 2001)...
August 2007: Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux
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