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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918149/predicting-methane-emissions-of-lactating-danish-holstein-cows-using-fourier-transform-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-of-milk
#1
N Shetty, G Difford, J Lassen, P Løvendahl, A J Buitenhuis
Enteric methane (CH4), a potent greenhouse gas, is among the main targets of mitigation practices for the dairy industry. A measurement technique that is rapid, inexpensive, easy to use, and applicable at the population level is desired to estimate CH4 emission from dairy cows. In the present study, feasibility of milk Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-IR) spectral profiles as a predictor for CH4:CO2 ratio and CH4 production (L/d) is explained. The partial least squares regression method was used to develop the prediction models...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915770/helmet-induced-headache-among-danish-military-personnel
#2
Zakia Rahmani, Aneta Kochanek, Jesper Johnsen Astrup, Jeppe Nørgaard Poulsen, Parisa Gazerani
AIMS: External compression headache is defined as a headache caused by an external physical compression applied on the head. It affects about 4% of the general population; however, certain populations (e.g. construction workers and military personnel) with particular needs of headwear or helmet are at higher risk of developing this type of headache. External compression headache is poorly studied in relation to specific populations. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and pattern of helmet-induced external compression headache among Danish military personnel of the Northern Jutland region in Denmark...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914325/night-work-long-work-weeks-and-risk-of-accidental-injuries-a-register-based-study
#3
Ann D Larsen, Harald Hannerz, Simone V Møller, Johnny Dyreborg, Jens Peter Bonde, Johnni Hansen, Henrik A Kolstad, Åse Marie Hansen, Anne Helene Garde
Objectives The aims of this study were to (i) investigate the association between night work or long work weeks and the risk of accidental injuries and (ii) test if the association is affected by age, sex or socioeconomic status. Methods The study population was drawn from the Danish version of the European Labour Force Survey from 1999-2013. The current study was based on 150 438 participants (53% men and 47% women). Data on accidental injuries were obtained at individual level from national health registers...
September 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914164/the-danish-national-youth-study-2014-study-design-population-characteristics-and-non-response-analysis
#4
Veronica Pisinger, Stine Schou Mikkelsen, Pernille Bendtsen, Kia Kejlskov Egan, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
AIMS: This paper aims to give a description of the Danish National Youth Study 2014 in terms of study design, study population and questionnaire content. The differences between participants and non-participants regarding socioeconomic characteristics are also described. METHODS: The Danish National Youth Study 2014 was a web-based survey with data collected through self-completion questionnaires administered in the classroom. There were two questionnaires: one for students, with >250 core questions; and one for school leaders on the school environment...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914110/evaluation-of-dual-target-specific-real-time-pcr-for-the-detection-of-kingella-kingae-in-a-danish-paediatric-population
#5
Victoria Elizabeth de Knegt, Gitte Qvist Kristiansen, Kristian Schønning
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the relevance of dual target real-time polymerase chain (PCR) assays targeting the rtxA and cpn60 genes of the paediatric pathogen Kingella kingae. We also studied for the first time the clinical and epidemiological features of K. kingae infections in a Danish population. METHOD: Children with K. kingae-positive cultures were identified from 11,477 children and 86 children younger than 16 years old from whom blood cultures and joint fluid cultures were obtained between January 2010 and November 2016...
September 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903880/sampling-pig-farms-at-the-abattoir-in-a-cross-sectional-study-evaluation-of-a-sampling-method
#6
Anna Camilla Birkegård, Tariq Halasa, Nils Toft
A cross-sectional study design is relatively inexpensive, fast and easy to conduct when compared to other study designs. Careful planning is essential to obtaining a representative sample of the population, and the recommended approach is to use simple random sampling from an exhaustive list of units in the target population. This approach is rarely feasible in practice, and other sampling procedures must often be adopted. For example, when slaughter pigs are the target population, sampling the pigs on the slaughter line may be an alternative to on-site sampling at a list of farms...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898252/impact-of-common-genetic-determinants-of-hemoglobin-a1c-on-type-2-diabetes-risk-and-diagnosis-in-ancestrally-diverse-populations-a-transethnic-genome-wide-meta-analysis
#7
Eleanor Wheeler, Aaron Leong, Ching-Ti Liu, Marie-France Hivert, Rona J Strawbridge, Clara Podmore, Man Li, Jie Yao, Xueling Sim, Jaeyoung Hong, Audrey Y Chu, Weihua Zhang, Xu Wang, Peng Chen, Nisa M Maruthur, Bianca C Porneala, Stephen J Sharp, Yucheng Jia, Edmond K Kabagambe, Li-Ching Chang, Wei-Min Chen, Cathy E Elks, Daniel S Evans, Qiao Fan, Franco Giulianini, Min Jin Go, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Yao Hu, Anne U Jackson, Stavroula Kanoni, Young Jin Kim, Marcus E Kleber, Claes Ladenvall, Cecile Lecoeur, Sing-Hui Lim, Yingchang Lu, Anubha Mahajan, Carola Marzi, Mike A Nalls, Pau Navarro, Ilja M Nolte, Lynda M Rose, Denis V Rybin, Serena Sanna, Yuan Shi, Daniel O Stram, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Shu Pei Tan, Peter J van der Most, Jana V Van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Andrew Wong, Loic Yengo, Wanting Zhao, Anuj Goel, Maria Teresa Martinez Larrad, Dörte Radke, Perttu Salo, Toshiko Tanaka, Erik P A van Iperen, Goncalo Abecasis, Saima Afaq, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Alain G Bertoni, Amelie Bonnefond, Yvonne Böttcher, Erwin P Bottinger, Harry Campbell, Olga D Carlson, Chien-Hsiun Chen, Yoon Shin Cho, W Timothy Garvey, Christian Gieger, Mark O Goodarzi, Harald Grallert, Anders Hamsten, Catharina A Hartman, Christian Herder, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Jie Huang, Michiya Igase, Masato Isono, Tomohiro Katsuya, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Wieland Kiess, Katsuhiko Kohara, Peter Kovacs, Juyoung Lee, Wen-Jane Lee, Benjamin Lehne, Huaixing Li, Jianjun Liu, Stephane Lobbens, Jian'an Luan, Valeriya Lyssenko, Thomas Meitinger, Tetsuro Miki, Iva Miljkovic, Sanghoon Moon, Antonella Mulas, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ramaiah Nagaraja, Matthias Nauck, James S Pankow, Ozren Polasek, Inga Prokopenko, Paula S Ramos, Laura Rasmussen-Torvik, Wolfgang Rathmann, Stephen S Rich, Neil R Robertson, Michael Roden, Ronan Roussel, Igor Rudan, Robert A Scott, William R Scott, Bengt Sennblad, David S Siscovick, Konstantin Strauch, Liang Sun, Morris Swertz, Salman M Tajuddin, Kent D Taylor, Yik-Ying Teo, Yih Chung Tham, Anke Tönjes, Nicholas J Wareham, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Aroon D Hingorani, Josephine Egan, Luigi Ferrucci, G Kees Hovingh, Antti Jula, Mika Kivimaki, Meena Kumari, Inger Njølstad, Colin N A Palmer, Manuel Serrano Ríos, Michael Stumvoll, Hugh Watkins, Tin Aung, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Yduan-Tsong Chen, Ching-Yu Cheng, Francesco Cucca, Eco J C de Geus, Panos Deloukas, Michele K Evans, Myriam Fornage, Yechiel Friedlander, Philippe Froguel, Leif Groop, Myron D Gross, Tamara B Harris, Caroline Hayward, Chew-Kiat Heng, Erik Ingelsson, Norihiro Kato, Bong-Jo Kim, Woon-Puay Koh, Jaspal S Kooner, Antje Körner, Diana Kuh, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Xu Lin, Yongmei Liu, Ruth J F Loos, Patrik K E Magnusson, Winfried März, Mark I McCarthy, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ken K Ong, Nancy L Pedersen, Mark A Pereira, Annette Peters, Paul M Ridker, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Michele Sale, Danish Saleheen, Juha Saltevo, Peter Eh Schwarz, Wayne H H Sheu, Harold Snieder, Timothy D Spector, Yasuharu Tabara, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Rob M van Dam, James G Wilson, James F Wilson, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Tien Yin Wong, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Jian-Min Yuan, Alan B Zonderman, Nicole Soranzo, Xiuqing Guo, David J Roberts, Jose C Florez, Robert Sladek, Josée Dupuis, Andrew P Morris, E-Shyong Tai, Elizabeth Selvin, Jerome I Rotter, Claudia Langenberg, Inês Barroso, James B Meigs
BACKGROUND: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is used to diagnose type 2 diabetes (T2D) and assess glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 18 HbA1c-associated genetic variants. These variants proved to be classifiable by their likely biological action as erythrocytic (also associated with erythrocyte traits) or glycemic (associated with other glucose-related traits). In this study, we tested the hypotheses that, in a very large scale GWAS, we would identify more genetic variants associated with HbA1c and that HbA1c variants implicated in erythrocytic biology would affect the diagnostic accuracy of HbA1c...
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893744/survival-after-bone-metastasis-by-primary-cancer-type-a-danish-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Elisabeth Svensson, Christian F Christiansen, Sinna P Ulrichsen, Mikael R Rørth, Henrik T Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: In the 10 most common primary types with bone metastases, we aimed to examine survival, further stratifying on bone metastases only or with additional synchronous metastases. METHODS: We included all patients aged 18 years and older with incident hospital diagnosis of solid cancer between 1994 and 2010, subsequently diagnosed with BM until 2012. We followed patients from date of bone metastasis diagnosis until death, emigration or 31 December 2012, whichever came first...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892826/increased-mortality-and-comorbidity-associated-with-leber-s-hereditary-optic-neuropathy-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Nanna Vestergaard, Thomas Rosenberg, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik Vorum, Carl U Andersen, Kristian Aasbjerg
Purpose: Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a mitochondrial genetic disease in which optic neuropathy is considered a key feature. Several other manifestations of LHON have been reported; however, only little is known of their incidence and the life expectancy in LHON patients. Methods: This study, based on Danish nationwide health registries, included 141 patients diagnosed with LHON and 297 unaffected family members in the maternal line. The incidence of comorbidities and mortality for patients with LHON and unaffected family members was compared with that in the general population...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892662/livestock-drivers-knowledge-about-dairy-cow-fitness-for-transport-a-danish-questionnaire-survey
#10
M S Herskin, A Hels, I Anneberg, P T Thomsen
Dairy cows are transported by road to slaughter after their productive life. Cull cows are vulnerable to transport stress, and can only be transported when fit for the intended journey. However, the decision, as to whether a cow is fit is rather subjective and relies on the farmer and the livestock driver. Using a questionnaire survey, we aimed to describe knowledge about, and experiences with, dairy cow fitness for transport among Danish livestock drivers. During nine days of data collection at the three largest Danish cattle slaughterhouses, 66 drivers (55% of the national population of cattle drivers) answered a questionnaire (response rate: 97%)...
September 5, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892433/effects-of-education-and-income-on-treatment-and-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-a-tax-supported-health-care-system-a-national-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Lene Sofie Granfeldt Østgård, Mette Nørgaard, Bruno C Medeiros, Lone Smidstrup Friis, Claudia Schoellkopf, Marianne Tang Severinsen, Claus Werenberg Marcher, Jan Maxwell Nørgaard
Purpose Previous US studies have shown that socioeconomic status (SES) affects survival in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, no large study has investigated the association between education or income and clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome in AML. Methods To investigate the effects of education and income in a tax-supported health care system, we conducted a population-based study using individual-level SES and clinical data on all Danish patients with AML (2000 to 2014). We compared treatment intensity, allogeneic transplantation, and response rates by education and income level using logistic regression (odds ratios)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890832/obesity-might-be-a-predictor-of-weight-reduction-after-smoking-cessation
#12
Charlotta Pisinger, Helle Øster Nielsen, Caroline Kuhlmann, Susanne Rosthøj
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately one in five ex-smokers reduces or maintains weight after smoking cessation but little is known about who succeeds to avoid weight gain. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of weight reduction after long-term smoking cessation in a general population. METHODS: Data was obtained from two Danish population-based cohorts (the Inter99 and the Helbred2006 study). Anthropometric measurements were performed by trained research staff...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890594/living-near-to-attractive-nature-a-well-being-indicator-for-ranking-dutch-danish-and-german-functional-urban-areas
#13
Michiel N Daams, Paolo Veneri
While nature is widely acknowledged to contribute to people's well-being, nature based well-being indicators at city-level appear to be underprovided. This study aims at filling this gap by introducing a novel indicator based on the proximity of city-residents to nature that is of high-amenity. High-amenity nature is operationalized by combining unique systematic data on people's perceptions of what are the locations of attractive natural areas with data on natural land cover. The proposed indicator departs from the usual assumption of equal well-being from any nature, as it approximates the 'actual' subjective quality of nature near people's homes in a spatially explicit way...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887607/respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-infants-and-risk-of-epilepsy-in-a-danish-cohort
#14
Sandra Kruchov Thygesen, Morten Olsen, Lars Pedersen, Victor W Henderson, John Rosendahl Østergaard, Henrik Toft Sørensen
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) may be complicated by intracerebral hemorrhage, a known trigger of epilepsy. However, few data exist on long term epilepsy risk following IRDS. We therefore examined the association between IRDS in preterm infants and childhood epilepsy. We conducted a population-based cohort study using individual-level data linkage among nationwide registries. All infants born at 32-36 weeks of gestation in 1978-2009 were identified in the Medical Birth Registry. We identified children with IRDS and those with epilepsy using the Danish National Patient Registry...
September 8, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886990/comparison-of-traditional-diabetes-risk-scores-and-hba1c-to-predict-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Christine Emma Maria Krabbe, Sabine Schipf, Till Ittermann, Marcus Dörr, Matthias Nauck, Jean-François Chenot, Marcello Ricardo Paulista Markus, Henry Völzke
AIMS: Compare performances of diabetes risk scores and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) to estimate the risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Northeast Germany. METHODS: We studied 2916 subjects (20 to 81years) from the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) in a 5-year follow-up period. Diabetes risk scores included the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA) base model, the Danish diabetes risk score and the Data from the Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance syndrome (D...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883742/somatic-symptom-profiles-in-the-general-population-a-latent-class-analysis-in-a-danish-population-based-health-survey
#16
Marie Eliasen, Torben Jørgensen, Andreas Schröder, Thomas Meinertz Dantoft, Per Fink, Chalotte Heinsvig Poulsen, Nanna Borup Johansen, Lene Falgaard Eplov, Sine Skovbjerg, Svend Kreiner
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify and describe somatic symptom profiles in the general adult population in order to enable further epidemiological research within multiple somatic symptoms. METHODS: Information on 19 self-reported common somatic symptoms was achieved from a population-based questionnaire survey of 36,163 randomly selected adults in the Capital Region of Denmark (55.4% women). The participants stated whether they had been considerably bothered by each symptom within 14 days prior to answering the questionnaire...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881476/supporting-patients-in-reducing-postoperative-constipation-fundamental-nursing-care-a-quasi-experimental-study
#17
Mette Trads, Søren Rasmussen Deutch, Preben Ulrich Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of constipation in the general population is 2-28%. Patients with constipation report symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, straining to defecate and general discomfort. Strategies for preventing constipation include laxatives, exercise and increased fluid and fibre intake, but life style adjustments, such as exercise, eating more fibres and drinking more fluids, were not considered a solution by older patients. Previous studies have shown that actively involving patients through individualised care and support increases patients' outcome...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881461/overdoses-with-aripiprazole-signs-symptoms-and-outcomes-in-239-exposures-reported-to-the-danish-poison-information-center
#18
Amalie P Christensen, Soeren Boegevig, Mikkel B Christensen, Kasper M Petersen, Kim P Dalhoff, Tonny S Petersen
The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical signs and symptoms of exposures to aripiprazole overdoses. We retrospectively identified all aripiprazole exposures reported to the Danish Poisons Information Center (DPIC) from June 2007 to May 2015. Information concerning demographics, ingested dose and symptoms were extracted from the DPIC database and medical records. Information on death and admission to hospital was obtained from Danish national registers. We analysed 239 cases, 86 concerning single-drug exposures to aripiprazole, and 153 cases where aripiprazole had been taken with at least one other substance (mixed-drug)...
September 7, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879820/effects-of-the-healthy-start-randomized-intervention-on-dietary-intake-among-obesity-prone-normal-weight-children
#19
Jeanett F Rohde, Sofus C Larsen, Lars Ängquist, Nanna J Olsen, Maria Stougaard, Erik L Mortensen, Berit L Heitmann
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the impact of a 15-month intervention on dietary intake conducted among obesity-prone normal-weight pre-school children. DESIGN: Information on dietary intake was obtained using a 4 d diet record. A diet quality index was adapted to assess how well children's diet complied with the Danish national guidelines. Linear regression per protocol and intention-to-treat analyses of differences in intakes of energy, macronutrients, fruit, vegetables, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and diet quality index between the two groups were conducted...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877919/high-lipoprotein-a-and-low-risk-of-major-bleeding-in-brain-and-airways-in-the-general-population-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#20
Anne Langsted, Pia R Kamstrup, Børge G Nordestgaard
BACKGROUND: The physiological role of lipoprotein(a) is unclear; however, lipoprotein(a) may play a role in hemostasis and wound healing. We tested the hypothesis that high lipoprotein(a) concentrations are associated with low risk of major bleeding in the brain and airways both observationally and causally (from human genetics). METHODS: We examined 109169 individuals from the Copenhagen City Heart Study and the Copenhagen General Population study, 2 similar prospective studies conducted in the Danish general population...
September 6, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
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