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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035574/a-6-month-open-label-extension-study-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients-with-depressive-or-anxiety-disorders
#1
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa P DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora K McNamara, Elias H Sarkis, Russell E Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole M Lemming, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVES: In this 6-month open-label extension (OLE) of NCT01491035 (a 14-day, open-label, pharmacokinetic/safety lead-in study), the long-term safety and tolerability of vortioxetine (5-20 mg/day) were investigated in children and adolescents with a DSM-IV-TR™ diagnosis of depressive or anxiety disorder in the United States or Germany. The study also was designed to provide data to inform dose selection and titration in future pediatric studies with vortioxetine. METHODS: Safety evaluations included spontaneously reported adverse events (AEs), the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), and the Pediatric Adverse Events Rating Scale (PAERS; clinician administered)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031010/evaluation-of-aprepitant-for-acute-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-receiving-high-dose-methotrexate
#2
Femi Felix-Ukwu, Kate Reichert, M Brooke Bernhardt, Eric S Schafer, Amanda Berger
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) negatively impacts patients' quality of life. The emetogenicity of high-dose methotrexate in children and adolescents with cancer is incompletely characterized. At our institution, a number of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have received aprepitant with courses of high-dose methotrexate after poor CINV control with prior courses. PROCEDURE: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis on patients with ALL who received methotrexate 5 g/m(2) /dose with and without concomitant aprepitant at Texas...
October 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030932/a-prospective-audit-of-pain-profiles-following-general-and-urological-surgery-in-children
#3
Caroline A Wilson, David Sommerfield, Thomas F E Drake-Brockman, Claudia Lagrange, Anoop Ramgolam, Britta S von Ungern-Sternberg
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is frequently undertreated in children both in hospital and at home following discharge. Pain has both short- and long-term consequences for children, their families, and the healthcare system. A greater understanding of procedure-specific postoperative pain trajectories is required to improve pain management. AIM: To determine the duration and severity of acute postoperative pain experienced by children undergoing 8 different general and urological procedures (primary outcomes)...
November 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029798/effect-of-intravenous-ondansetron-on-qtc-interval-in-children-with-gastroenteritis
#4
Robert J Hoffman, Khalid Alansari
BACKGROUND: The potential for ondansetron to cause QT prolongation and fatal dysrhythmia is well-reported, including a 2011 FDA report on the topic. Few clinical trials evaluating this phenomenon in the ED setting exist, and only one is pediatric. OBJECTIVE: We have sought to determine the effect of a standardized dose of intravenous ondansetron on the QTc duration of children under 14years of age treated for gastroenteritis-associated vomiting in a pediatric ED...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026737/eosinophilic-gastrointestinal-disorder-presenting-as-intractable-vomiting-and-ascites-in-a-young-girl
#5
Ji Yoon Kwon, Ji Sun Huh, Bo Kyung Je, Kwang Dae Hong, Jee Hyun Lee
Eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorder (EGID) is a rare disease in children that affects the bowel wall, with eosinophilic infiltration in the absence of any other causes for eosinophilia. The etiology remains unknown, but allergies and immunological imbalance are suspected triggers. We encountered a case of serosal EGID presenting as intractable vomiting and ascites in a 9-year-old girl, after influenza virus infection. Peripheral eosinophilia was not present. The diagnosis was confirmed by biopsy of the bowel wall through laparotomy and endoscopy, and controlled by 2 courses of steroid therapy due to recurring symptoms...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019060/reports-of-three-cases-with-the-initial-presentation-of-mesenteric-vasculitis-in-children-with-system-lupus-erythematous
#6
REVIEW
Yuan Liu, Jia Zhu, Jian Ming Lai, Xue Feng Sun, Jun Hou, Zhi Xuan Zhou, Xin Yu Yuan
We reviewed three cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in children with mesenteric vasculitis (LMV) as initial presentation and analysed their clinical characteristics to improve the understanding of this disease. Three patients with SLE were admitted to our hospital and initially presented with gastrointestinal symptoms. We retrospectively analysed their clinical data, including clinical presentations, laboratory results, images and short- and long-term treatment outcomes. (1) All three children were school-age girls...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017284/incidence-of-norovirus-associated-diarrhea-and-vomiting-disease-among-children-and-adults-in-a-community-cohort-in-the-peruvian-amazon-basin
#7
Candice Romero, Yeny O Tinoco, Sebastian Loli, Hugo Razuri, Giselle Soto, María Silva, Patricia Galvan, Anita Kambhampati, Umesh D Parashar, Matthew R Kasper, Daniel G Bausch, Mark P Simons, Benjamin Lopman
Background: Data on norovirus epidemiology among all ages in community settings are scarce, especially from tropical settings. Methods: We implemented active surveillance in 297 households in Peru from October 2012 to August 2015 to assess the burden of diarrhea and acute gastroenteritis (AGE) due to norovirus in a lower-middle-income community. During period 1 (October 2012-May 2013), we used a "traditional" diarrhea case definition (≥3 loose/liquid stools within 24 hours)...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017283/reduced-severity-of-pertussis-in-persons-with-age-appropriate-pertussis-vaccination-united-states-2010-2012
#8
Lucy A McNamara, Tami Skoff, Amanda Faulkner, Lisa Miller, Kathy Kudish, Cynthia Kenyon, Marisa Bargsten, Shelley Zansky, Amy D Sullivan, Stacey Martin, Elizabeth Briere
Background: In 2012, >48000 pertussis cases were reported in the United States. Many cases occurred in vaccinated persons, showing that pertussis vaccination does not prevent all pertussis cases. However, pertussis vaccination may have an impact on disease severity. Methods: We analyzed data on probable and confirmed pertussis cases reported through Enhanced Pertussis Surveillance (Emerging Infections Program Network) between 2010 and 2012. Surveillance data were collected through physician and patient interview and vaccine registries...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016519/clinical-decision-rule-to-identify-orbital-wall-fracture-among-children-retrospective-derivation-and-validation-study
#9
So Hyun Paek, Jin Hee Jung, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Jin Hee Lee, Jae Yun Jung, Sohee Oh
OBJECTIVES: Head and face injuries are leading causes of emergency department visits in children. There is yet no clinical decision rule on face CT such as pediatric head CT rules. The goal was to develop and validate a clinical decision rule for identifying orbital wall fractures in children with periorbital trauma in the emergency department. METHODS: This was a retrospective derivation and validation study. Children younger than 18 years who underwent orbit CT after periorbital trauma were included between January 2011 and December 2013 in 3 emergency centers...
October 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992874/poisoning-after-ingestion-of-spartium-junceum-seeds-dose-dependent-effects-in-three-boys
#10
Nuria Giménez, Noemí Magro, Nuria Cortés, Raimon Guitart
BACKGROUND: Spanish broom (Spartium junceum L.) is an ornamental, medicinal, and potentially poisonous plant. CASE REPORT: Three children, aged 5-6 years, were accidentally poisoned from ingesting a variable number of seeds of Spanish broom. This plant contains several quinolizidine alkaloids as cytisine, which act as an agonist of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. The potential danger varies, depending on the dose. After having ingested one to two seeds, one of the boys was asymptomatic...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992870/evaluating-clinical-effectiveness-and-pharmacokinetic-profile-of-atomized-intranasal-midazolam-in-children-undergoing-laceration-repair
#11
Sarah A Mellion, David Bourne, Lina Brou, Alison Brent, Kathleen Adelgais, Jeffrey Galinkin, Joseph Wathen
BACKGROUND: Atomized intranasal midazolam is a common adjunct in pediatrics for procedural anxiolysis. There are no previous studies of validated anxiety scores with pharmacokinetic data to support optimal procedure timing. OBJECTIVES: We describe the clinical and pharmacokinetic profile of atomized intranasal midazolam in children presenting for laceration repair. METHODS: Children 11 months to 7 years of age and weighing <26 kg received 0...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989283/abdominal-pain-and-nausea-in-the-diagnosis-of-streptococcal-pharyngitis-in-boys
#12
Hiroshi Igarashi, Naoki Nago, Hiromichi Kiyokawa, Motoharu Fukushi
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess the accuracy of gastrointestinal symptoms, including abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, in the diagnosis of Group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis in children and to determine differences in diagnostic accuracy in boys versus girls. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 5,755 consecutive patients aged <15 years with fever in the electronic database at a primary care practice. Gastrointestinal symptoms were recorded in the database according to the International Classification of Primary Care codes, and the data were extracted electronically...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988541/a-randomised-double-blind-clinical-phase-ii-trial-of-the-efficacy-safety-tolerability-and-pharmacokinetics-of-a-single-dose-combination-treatment-with-artefenomel-and-piperaquine-in-adults-and-children-with-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria
#13
Fiona Macintyre, Yeka Adoke, Alfred B Tiono, Tran Thanh Duong, Ghyslain Mombo-Ngoma, Marielle Bouyou-Akotet, Halidou Tinto, Quique Bassat, Saadou Issifou, Marc Adamy, Helen Demarest, Stephan Duparc, Didier Leroy, Bart E Laurijssens, Sophie Biguenet, Afizi Kibuuka, Antoinette Kitoto Tshefu, Melnick Smith, Chanelle Foster, Illse Leipoldt, Peter G Kremsner, Bui Quang Phuc, Alphonse Ouedraogo, Michael Ramharter
BACKGROUND: The clinical development of a single encounter treatment for uncomplicated malaria has the potential to significantly improve the effectiveness of antimalarials. Exploratory data suggested that the combination of artefenomel and piperaquine phosphate (PQP) has the potential to achieve satisfactory cure rates as a single dose therapy. The primary objective of the study was to determine whether a single dose of artefenomel (800 mg) plus PQP in ascending doses is an efficacious treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the 'target' population of children ≤ 5 years of age in Africa as well as Asian patients of all ages...
October 9, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988213/management-of-pneumatosis-intestinalis-in-children-over-the-age-of-6-months-a-conservative-approach
#14
Leel Nellihela, Mohamed Mutalib, David Thompson, Kammermeier Jochen, Manasvi Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is an uncommon and poorly understood condition. Although it can be an incidental finding in asymptomatic individuals, it can also be secondary to life-threatening bowel ischaemia and sepsis. In premature infants, it is a pathognomonic sign of necrotising enterocolitis. There is no consensus regarding management and long-term outcome of children with PI. AIM: Review of our experience of PI in children beyond the early infantile period...
October 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987305/unintentional-marijuana-exposure-presenting-as-altered-mental-status-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-a-case-series
#15
Anita A Thomas, Suzan Mazor
BACKGROUND: Unintentional tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) exposure in pediatric patients can present as altered mental status. Altered mental status in a pediatric patient often leads to invasive diagnostic testing. CASE REPORT: The following cases describe 3 pediatric patients in Washington state who presented to a tertiary care children's hospital emergency department (ED) with altered mental status, later found to have urine toxicology screening positive for inactive THC metabolite (positive THC toxicology screen)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984261/factors-affecting-outcome-in-children-with-dengue-in-kolkata
#16
Ishita Majumdar, Devdeep Mukherjee, Ritabrata Kundu, Prabal Niyogi, Joydeep Das
This observational, descriptive study was conducted on 260 dengue patients diagnosed as per the revised 2009 WHO guidelines in a tertiary-care hospital of eastern India between June and November 2015. Children were evaluated for clinical symptoms, signs, and laboratory parameters. Clinical variables viz., rash, nausea/vomiting, bleeding, oliguria, capillary leak and liver enlargement; and laboratory variables viz., rising haemoglobin, haematocrit, thrombocytopenia, blood urea, serum Creatinine, ALT, hypo albuminemia and cholesterol were found to be significantly associated with outcome...
September 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979631/primary-hydatid-cyst-of-the-pancreas-of-the-child-a-case-report
#17
Achraf El Bakkaly, Nour Merouane, Omar Dalero, Houda Oubeja, Mounir Erraji, Fouad Ettayebi, Hicham Zerhouni
Primary pancreatic hydatid lesions are very rare with an incidence of less than 1% in the adult population. We report an observation of a 5-year-old girl who consulted for isolated abdominal pain occurring for 2 weeks without vomiting, transit disorders or jaundice and evolving in a context of conservation of the general condition and apyrexia. Clinical examination and preoperative imaging have suggested the diagnosis of a choledochal cyst or duodenal duplication rather than a hydatid cyst of the pancreas due to the presence of a cystic hepatic image projecting into the liver hilum...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977311/toxic-exposures-in-children-involving-legally-and-illegally-commercialized-household-sanitizers
#18
Alessandra Marcuz de Souza Campos, Fábio Bucaretchi, Luciane Cristina Rodrigues Fernandes, Carla Borrasca Fernandes, Eduardo Mello de Capitani, Ana Raquel Medeiros Beck
OBJECTIVES: To analyze and to compare clinical repercussions of accidents involving legally and illegally commercialized household sanitizers in children under 7 years of age. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to collect data from electronic database of a regional Poison Control Center during one year. Data were analyzed by means of descriptive non-parametric statistics and association tests. Results: The sample had 737 reported cases. Most of the accidents occurred with children under 3 years of age (median: 1 year of age; interquartile interval: 1-3 years of age), at home (92...
January 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970089/risk-factors-of-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-in-patients-with-severe-hand-foot-mouth-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#19
Lijun Peng, Ruping Luo, Zhisheng Jiang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the risk factors of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) on patients with severe hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) and to provide evidence for prevention and treatment of NPE. METHODS: Several databases (from inception to 2017) were searched to identify case-control studies on risk factors of NPE among severe HFMD patients. Data were analyzed via meta-analysis. We calculated combined odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) using fixed models and random models, and performed sensitivity analysis and publication bias evaluation...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963679/clinical-practice-nausea-and-vomiting-in-acute-gastroenteritis-physiopathology-and-management
#20
REVIEW
Beatrice C Canziani, Peter Uestuener, Emilio F Fossali, Sebastiano A G Lava, Mario G Bianchetti, Carlo Agostoni, Gregorio P Milani
Currently recommended management of acute gastroenteritis is supportive. Although the affected children habitually have vomiting, recommendations do not focus on the correction of this symptom. In this condition, elevated ketone bodies and stimuli initiated by gut mucosa damage produced by the enteral pathogen likely underlay nausea and vomiting. As compared to 0.9% saline, intravenous administration of a dextrose-containing bolus of 0.9% saline is associated with a greater reduction of circulating ketones and a shorter duration of nausea and vomiting...
September 30, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
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