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Vomiting in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337229/allergic-enteritis-in-children
#1
REVIEW
Mieczysława Czerwionka-Szaflarska, Ewa Łoś-Rycharska, Julia Gawryjołek
The gastrointestinal form of food allergy is very common in children. The most frequently observed types are allergic proctitis and proctocolitis. In most cases the symptoms subside within the first 2 months of life. The babies seem healthy, and the only abnormality is a small amount of blood in stool. Symptoms can also include small intestine inflammation and colitis. Patients may present with irritability, abdominal pain, flatulence, colic, postprandial vomiting, chronic diarrhoea, and hindered physical development...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333866/prevention-of-gastrointestinal-side-effects-in-paediatric-oncology-what-are-the-guidelines
#2
Karis K F Cheng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Gastrointestinal side-effects, particularly with regard to alimentary tract mucositis and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), continue to be frequent and debilitating symptomatic conditions among children and adolescents receiving cytotoxic cancer therapy. Further avenues of progress for mucositis and CINV prevention in paediatric oncology setting are warranted. RECENT FINDINGS: The current article reviews the major guidelines and literature published in 2016 pertaining to the prevention of mucositis and CINV...
March 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331496/nitazoxanide-in-acute-rotavirus-diarrhea-a-randomized-control-trial-from-a-developing-country
#3
Samarendra Mahapatro, Nijwm Mahilary, Amit Kumar Satapathy, Rashmi Ranjan Das
Background. Acute diarrhea is one of the leading causes of childhood mortality, with rotavirus being an important pathogen. Nitazoxanide, an antiparasitic agent, has been shown to inhibit rotavirus. Objective. This double-blind, randomized trial was designed to study the role of nitazoxanide in acute rotavirus diarrhea. Methods. Of 174 children (12 months to 5 years) with acute diarrhea, 50 rotavirus positive cases were randomized. The intervention group received syrup nitazoxanide twice daily (100 mg in 12-47 months, 200 mg in ≥4 yr) for 3 days along with standard treatment of diarrhea...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330885/dientamoeba-fragilis-a-commensal-in-children-in-danish-day-care-centers
#4
Pikka Jokelainen, Betina Hebbelstrup Jensen, Bente Utoft Andreassen, Andreas Munk Petersen, Dennis Röser, Karen A Krogfelt, Henrik V Nielsen, Christen R Stensvold
Dientamoeba fragilis is an intestinal protozoan of debated clinical significance. Here, we present cross-sectional and longitudinal observations on D. fragilis in children aged 0-6 years from a 1-year multi-day-care-center cohort study set in Copenhagen, Denmark. The inclusion period for the cohort was 2009-2012. Stool samples collected from the children were accompanied by questionnaires completed by the parents or guardians of the children. Using real-time PCR, D. fragilis was detected in the first stool sample from 97 (68...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327418/solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasm-case-report-of-a-rare-pancreatic-tumor
#5
Cláudio Branco, Sónia Vilaça, Joaquim Falcão
INTRODUCTION: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) is a rare pancreatic tumor. Most patients are female within the second or third decade of life with only a small minority concerning children. Frequently described as low malignant potential tumors, surgical resection remains the main treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The authors present a case of a SPN diagnosed in a 17-year-old Caucasian girl with vomiting and abdominal pain localized to the right upper quadrant...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326205/shigella-sonnei-bacteremia-presenting-with-profound-hepatic-dysfunction
#6
Oluwaseun Shogbesan, Andrew Rettew, Bilal Shaikh, Abdullateef Abdulkareem, Anthony Donato
Worldwide, Shigellosis is a significant public health issue, associated with nearly one million deaths annually. About half a million cases of Shigella infection are reported annually in the United States. Shigella bacteremia is uncommon and generally seen in children and immunocompromised adults. We present a case of a Shigella sonnei bacteremia with marked hepatic derangement in a 27-year-old previously healthy homosexual male with history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, who presented to the emergency room with a 4-day history of loose watery stool, abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting, and yellow skin of 2-day duration...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319161/intranasal-ketamine-for-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-in-children-a-systematic-review
#7
Naveen Poonai, Kyle Canton, Samina Ali, Shawn Hendrikx, Amit Shah, Michael Miller, Gary Joubert, Michael Rieder, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Ketamine is commonly used for procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) in children. Evidence suggests it can be administered intranasally (IN). We sought to review the evidence for IN ketamine for PSA in children. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized trials of IN ketamine in PSA that reported any sedation-related outcome in children 0 to 19 years. Trials were identified through electronic searches of MEDLINE (1946-2016), EMBASE (1947-2016), Google Scholar (2016), CINAHL (1981-2016), The Cochrane Library (2016), Web of Science (2016), Scopus (2016), clinical trial registries, and conference proceedings (2000-2016) without language restrictions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318729/acute-cerebellitis-in-paediatric-patients-our-experience
#8
J P García-Iñiguez, F J López-Pisón, P Madurga Revilla, I Montejo Gañán, M Domínguez Cajal, L Monge Galindo, S B Sánchez Marco, M C García Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: Acute cerebellitis is a rare inflammatory disease with a highly variable clinical course that ranges from benign self-limiting symptoms to a fulminant presentation associated with a high risk of death due to compression of the posterior fossa, acute hydrocephalus, and intracranial hypertension. METHODS: We reviewed clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings from children diagnosed with acute cerebellitis between May 2007 and November 2016. We analysed treatments and clinical and radiological progression...
March 15, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318199/-foreign-body-in-the-esophagus-as-a-cause-of-respiratory-symptoms-in-children-clinical-cases
#9
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Foreign bodies in esophagus are avoidable accidents that occur most often in children younger than 3 years. The most common presenting symptoms are dysphagia, drooling and vomiting. Occasionally a foreign body in the esophagus may present with respiratory symptoms such as cough, stridor and respiratory distress. This is more common in young children and when the object remains lodged in the esophagus for a prolonged period. Clinical suspicion is essential for early diagnosis, which allows to avoid potential complications...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301447/mercury-spill-responses-five-states-2012-2015
#10
Ryan J Wozniak, Anne E Hirsch, Christina R Bush, Stuart Schmitz, Jeff Wenzel
Despite measures to educate the public about the dangers of elemental mercury, spills continue to occur in homes, schools, health care facilities, and other settings, endangering the public's health and requiring costly cleanup. Mercury is most efficiently absorbed by the lungs, and exposure to high levels of mercury vapor after a release can cause cough, sore throat, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, and visual disturbances (1). Children and fetuses are most susceptible to the adverse effects of mercury vapor exposure...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282701/vitamin-a-supplementation-for-preventing-morbidity-and-mortality-in-children-from-six-months-to-five-years-of-age
#11
REVIEW
Aamer Imdad, Evan Mayo-Wilson, Kurt Herzer, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a major public health problem in low- and middle-income countries, affecting 190 million children under five years of age and leading to many adverse health consequences, including death. Based on prior evidence and a previous version of this review, the World Health Organization has continued to recommend vitamin A supplementation for children aged 6 to 59 months. There are new data available from recently published randomised trials since the previous publication of this review in 2010, and this update incorporates this information and reviews the evidence...
March 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256310/asymptomatic-infection-and-unrecognised-ebola-virus-disease-in-ebola-affected-households-in-sierra-leone-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-new-non-invasive-assay-for-antibodies-to-ebola-virus
#12
Judith R Glynn, Hilary Bower, Sembia Johnson, Catherine F Houlihan, Carla Montesano, Janet T Scott, Malcolm G Semple, Mohammed S Bangura, Alie Joshua Kamara, Osman Kamara, Saidu H Mansaray, Daniel Sesay, Cecilia Turay, Steven Dicks, Raoul E Guetiya Wadoum, Vittorio Colizzi, Francesco Checchi, Dhan Samuel, Richard S Tedder
BACKGROUND: The frequency of asymptomatic infection with Ebola virus is unclear: previous estimates vary and there is no standard test. Asymptomatic infection with Ebola virus could contribute to population immunity, reducing spread. If people with asymptomatic infection are infectious it could explain re-emergences of Ebola virus disease (EVD) without known contact. METHODS: We validated a new oral fluid anti-glycoprotein IgG capture assay among survivors from Kerry Town Ebola Treatment Centre and controls from communities unaffected by EVD in Sierra Leone...
February 27, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251321/comparing-the-effects-of-peritonsillar-infiltration-of-tramadol-before-and-after-the-surgery-on-post-tonsillectomy-pain
#13
Hatami Maryam, Jesmani Amin, Vaziribozorg Sedighe, Ayatollahi Vida
The aim of the study was to compare the effects of peritonsillar infiltration of tramadol before and after the surgery on post-tonsillectomy pain. In this double-blinded clinical trial study, 80 children aged 5-12 years old with ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) class I or II undergoing tonsillectomy involved. In group A (n = 40), after anesthesia induction and before starting the surgery, tramadol 2 mg/kg diluted in normal saline up to 2 cc total volume was injected into the tensile bed by the anesthesiologist using a 25 gauge needle...
March 1, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242616/safety-and-efficacy-of-chloral-hydrate-for-procedural-sedation-in-paediatric-ophthalmology-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Asimina Mataftsi, Paraskevi Malamaki, Efthymia Prousali, Paraskevi Riga, Dimitrios Lathyris, Nikolaos T Chalvatzis, Anna-Bettina Haidich
PURPOSE: Although chloral hydrate (CH) has been used as a sedative for decades, it is not widely accepted as a valid choice for ophthalmic examinations in uncooperative children. This study aimed to systematically review the literature on the drug's safety and efficacy. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, CENTRAL, Google Scholar and Trip database to 1 October 2015, using the keywords 'chloral hydrate', 'paediatric' and 'procedural sedation OR diagnostic sedation'...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241811/the-burden-of-nausea-and-vomiting-during-pregnancy-severe-impacts-on-quality-of-life-daily-life-functioning-and-willingness-to-become-pregnant-again-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Kristine Heitmann, Hedvig Nordeng, Gro C Havnen, Anja Solheimsnes, Lone Holst
BACKGROUND: Though nausea and vomiting is very common during pregnancy, no studies have investigated the impact of this condition on the women's daily lives in a Scandinavian population. The aim of this study was to describe the burden of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) on global quality of life, daily life functioning and willingness to become pregnant again according to the severity of NVP symptoms. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional population-based study conducted in Norway...
February 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236868/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-in-children-undergoing-general-anesthesia-with-sevoflurane-a-meta-analysis
#16
Marco Aurélio Soares Amorim, Catia Sousa Govêia, Edno Magalhães, Luís Cláudio Araújo Ladeira, Larissa Govêia Moreira, Denismar Borges de Miranda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sevoflurane is often used in pediatric anesthesia and is associated with high incidence of psychomotor agitation. In such cases, dexmedetomidine (DEX) has been used, but its benefit and implications remain uncertain. We assessed the effects of DEX on agitation in children undergoing general anesthesia with sevoflurane. METHOD: Meta-analysis of randomized clinical and double-blind studies, with children undergoing elective procedures under general anesthesia with sevoflurane, using DEX or placebo...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235678/kerosene-a-toddler-s-sin-a-five-years-study-at-tertiary-care-hospital-in-western-india
#17
Utsav Parekh, Sanjay Gupta
Acute kerosene poisoning is a preventable health problem in children perceived mainly in developing countries. It influences socioeconomic and cultural status of country due to its contribution in morbidity and mortality. As kerosene is widely used as household energy source in India at rural areas as well as urban, it accounts for significant number of poisoning cases mainly accidental in manner. As there are only handful studies from India on kerosene poisoning in children, we planned this study to evaluate incidence of kerosene poisoning in Western Indian population and its clinico-epidemiotoxicological profile...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235538/perioperative-opioid-administration-in-children-with-and-without-developmental-delay-undergoing-outpatient-dental-surgery
#18
Erin R Conner, Erica D Musser, Kelsey M Colpitts, Dean L Laochamroonvorapongse, Jeffrey L Koh
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Prior research has indicated that children with developmental delay (DD) experience qualitative and quantitative differences in health care (Boulet et al., 2009). In the perioperative setting, there is concern that children with DD may be more likely to experience postoperative complications including agitation and nausea/vomiting than typically developing patients (TDP). Differences in the administration and dosage of perioperative opioids may contribute to this, however, empirical investigations are lacking...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226307/racial-ethnic-and-weight-status-disparities-in-dieting-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-early-adolescents
#19
Rachel F Rodgers, Karen E Peterson, Anne T Hunt, Jennifer L Spadano-Gasbarro, Tracy K Richmond, Mary L Greaney, S Bryn Austin
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether racial/ethnic minority early adolescents with overweight/obesity are at increased risk of disordered weight control behaviors, defined as unhealthy behaviors aiming to control or modify shape and weight, ranging from self-induced vomiting to the use of dietary supplements. METHODS: U.S. Middle school children (n=12.511) provided self-report of gender, race/ethnicity, height, and weight as well as dieting and disordered weight control behaviors...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225638/laparoscopic-resection-of-pancreatic-tumors-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-survey
#20
Ciro Esposito, Pascal De Lagausie, Maria Escolino, Amulya Saxena, George W Holcomb, Alessandro Settimi, Francois Becmeur, David van der Zee
AIM: This study aimed to report the results of a multicentric survey about laparoscopic treatment of pancreatic tumors in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of patients operated using minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for a pancreatic tumor in 5 International centers of Pediatric Surgery in the last 5 years were retrospectively reviewed. We recorded data relating to the clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, surgical technique, and outcome. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (average age 2...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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