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HES1 Inhibitor

Shasha Li, Hao Hu, Zhiheng He, Deguang Liang, Rui Sun, Ke Lan
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS)-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is an oncogenic pathogen that displays latent and lytic life cycles. In KS lesions, infiltrated immune cells, secreted viral and/or cellular cytokines, and hypoxia orchestrate a chronic pro-lytic microenvironment that can promote KSHV reactivation. However, only a small subset of viruses spontaneously undergoes lytic replication in this pro-lytic microenvironment while the majority remains in latency. Here, we show that the expression of the Notch ligand JAG1 is induced by KSHV-encoded replication and transcription activator (RTA) during reactivation...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Liming Yu, Chongxi Fan, Zhi Li, Jian Zhang, Xiaodong Xue, Yinli Xu, Guolong Zhao, Yang Yang, Huishan Wang
Stress hyperglycemia is commonly observed in patients suffering from ischemic heart disease. It not only worsens cardiovascular prognosis but also attenuates the efficacies of various cardioprotective agents. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of melatonin against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury in acute hyperglycemic state with a focus on Notch1/Hes1/Akt signaling and intracellular thioredoxin (Trx) system. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to MI/R surgery and high glucose (HG, 500 g/L) infusion (4 ml/kg/h) to induce temporary hyperglycemia...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
Yi-Liang Bi, Min Min, Wei Shen, Yan Liu
The present study aims to evaluate whether repression of the Numb/Notch signaling pathway affects the radiosensitivity of human pancreatic cancer cell lines. Different doses of X-rays (0, 2, 3, 4, and 5 Gy) were applied to the PANC-1, SW1990, and MIA PaCa-2 human pancreatic cancer cell lines, and the Numb/Notch pathway inhibitor DAPT was added at different doses (0, 1, 3, and 5 μmol/l). MTT assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry, scratch assay, and Transwell experiments were performed, and qRT-PCR and Western blot were conducted for the detection of Numb expression...
September 27, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Laura Asnaghi, Arushi Tripathy, Qian Yang, Harpreet Kaur, Allison Hanaford, Wayne Yu, Charles G Eberhart
Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignancy of childhood. Notch plays a key role in retinal cells from which retinoblastomas arise, and we therefore studied the role of Notch signaling in promoting retinoblastoma proliferation. Moderate or strong nuclear expression of Hes1 was found in 10 of 11 human retinoblastoma samples analyzed immunohistochemically, supporting a role for Notch in retinoblastoma growth. Notch pathway components were present in WERI Rb1 and Y79 retinoblastoma lines, with Jag2 and DLL4 more highly expressed than other ligands, and Notch1 and Notch2 more abundant than Notch3...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Shuman Zhang, Pan Wang, Lili Ren, Chunli Hu, Jing Bi
BACKGROUND: Amyloid-beta (Aβ) plays a key role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis, and soluble Aβ oligomers are more cytotoxic than Aβ fibrils. Recent evidence suggests that Notch signaling is affected by AD and other brain diseases. Melatonin exerts beneficial effects on many aspects of AD and may protect against myocardial ischemia via Notch1 signaling regulation. Therefore, we hypothesized that the Notch1 signaling pathway is involved in the neuroprotective role of melatonin against soluble Aβ1-42...
2016: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
Jiunn-Ren Wu, Jwu-Lai Yeh, Shu-Fen Liou, Zen-Kong Dai, Bin-Nan Wu, Jong-Hau Hsu
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) can cause morbidity and mortality in neonates. Vascular remodeling, characterized by proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), is an essential process for postnatal DA closure. Notch signaling is an important mediator of vascular remodelling but its role in DA is unkonwn. We investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT, a Notch signaling inhibitor on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced proliferation and migration of DASMCs. Proliferation and migration of DASMCs cultured from neonatal Wistar rats were induced by Ang II, with or without DAPT pre-treatment...
2016: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Shi-Gang Song, Hong-Yang Yu, Yan-Wei Ma, Feng Zhang, Xiang-Ying Xu
The objective of the study is to investigate the effects of the Numb/Notch signal pathway on the radiosensitivity of lung cancer cell line H358. MTT assay and colony forming assay were used to detect the effects of different doses of X-rays and MW167 on the in vitro proliferation of the lung cancer cell line H358. Flow cytometry was applied to evaluate the effects of X rays on the apoptosis of H358. Scratch assay and Transwell invasion assay were used to examine the effects of X-rays on the migration and invasion abilities of H358...
July 30, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Hengwei Zhang, Wen Sun, Xing Li, Mengmeng Wang, Brendan F Boyce, Matthew J Hilton, Lianping Xing
Notch signaling plays a critical role in maintaining bone homeostasis partially by controlling the formation of osteoblasts from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). We reported that TNF activates Notch signaling in MSCs which inhibits osteoblast differentiation in TNF transgenic (TNF-Tg) mice, a mouse model of chronic inflammatory arthritis. In the current study, we used Hes1-GFP and Hes1-GFP/TNF-Tg mice to study the distribution and dynamic change of Notch active cells in normal and inflammatory bone loss and mechanisms mediating their enhanced proliferation...
September 2016: Bone
Chen-Tian Li, Jian-Xiu Liu, Bo Yu, Rui Liu, Chao Dong, Song-Jian Li
The modification of Wnt and Notch signaling pathways by hypoxia, and its association with osteoblast proliferation and apoptosis remain to be fully elucidated. To investigate Wnt-Notch crosstalk, and its role in hypoxia-induced osteoblast proliferation and apoptosis regulation, the present study investigated the effects of cobalt‑mimicked hypoxia on the mouse pre-osteoblast-like cell line, MC3T3‑E1, when the Notch signals were repressed using a γ‑secretase inhibitor DAPT. The data showed that the cobalt‑mimicked hypoxia suppressed cell proliferation under normal conditions, but increased cell proliferation under conditions of Notch repression, in a concentration‑dependent manner...
July 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Navin K Verma, M H U Turabe Fazil, Seow Theng Ong, Madhavi Latha S Chalasani, Jian Hui Low, Amuthavalli Kottaiswamy, Praseetha P, Atish Kizhakeyil, Sunil Kumar, Aditya K Panda, Michael Freeley, Sinead M Smith, Bernhard O Boehm, Dermot Kelleher
In this study, we report that the integrin LFA-1 cross-linking with its ligand ICAM-1 in human PBMCs or CD4(+) T cells promotes Th1 polarization by upregulating IFN-γ secretion and T-bet expression. LFA-1 stimulation in PBMCs, CD4(+) T cells, or the T cell line HuT78 activates the Notch pathway by nuclear translocation of cleaved Notch1 intracellular domain (NICD) and upregulation of target molecules Hey1 and Hes1. Blocking LFA-1 by a neutralizing Ab or specific inhibition of Notch1 by a γ-secretase inhibitor substantially inhibits LFA-1/ICAM-1-mediated activation of Notch signaling...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Sozaburo Ihara, Yoshihiro Hirata, Takako Serizawa, Nobumi Suzuki, Kosuke Sakitani, Hiroto Kinoshita, Yoku Hayakawa, Hayato Nakagawa, Hideaki Ijichi, Keisuke Tateishi, Kazuhiko Koike
Dendritic cells (DCs) mediate host immune responses to gut microbes and play critical roles in inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we examined the role of TGF-β signaling in DCs in colonic homeostasis. CD11c-cre Tgfbr2(fl/fl) mice developed spontaneous colitis, and CD11c-cre Tgfbr2(fl/+) mice exhibited susceptibility to dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis. Colitis in these mice was characterized by goblet cell depletion and dysbiosis caused by Enterobacteriaceae enrichment. Wild-type mice gavaged with Enterobacteriaceae from CD11c-cre Tgfbr2(fl/fl) mice feces showed severe colitis after dextran sulfate sodium treatment, whereas those treated with Notch inhibitor exhibited attenuated colonic injury with increased goblet cell numbers, thickened mucus layer, and fewer fecal Enterobacteriaceae Wild-type mice transplanted with CD11c-cre Tgfbr2(fl/fl) bone marrow developed colitis showing increased Jagged1 and Jagged2 in DCs, increased Hes1 levels in epithelium, and goblet cell depletion...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Shuyu Feng, Yue Yang, Jingyi Lv, Lichun Sun, Mingqiu Liu
We investigated the effect of valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, and the mechanism of VPA-induced growth inhibition on three cervical cancer cell lines with different molecular and genetic background. We found that VPA induced proliferation suppression, cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in all tested cell lines, with an increase of Notch1 active form ICN1 as a tumor suppressor and its target gene HES1. Noteworthy, blocking of Notch signaling with DAPT resulted in growth inhibition in ICN1-overexpressing CaSki and HT-3 cells...
July 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Zhi-Li Zhao, Lu Zhang, Cong-Fa Huang, Si-Rui Ma, Lin-Lin Bu, Jian-Feng Liu, Guang-Tao Yu, Bing Liu, J Silvio Gutkind, Ashok B Kulkarni, Wen-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Jun Sun
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered responsible for tumor initiation and chemoresistance. This study was aimed to investigate the possibility of targeting head neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) by NOTCH1 pathway inhibition and explore the synergistic effect of combining NOTCH inhibition with conventional chemotherapy. NOTCH1/HES1 elevation was found in human HNSCC, especially in tissue post chemotherapy and lymph node metastasis, which is correlated with CSCs markers. NOTCH1 inhibitor DAPT (GSI-IX) significantly reduces CSCs population and tumor self-renewal ability in vitro and in vivo...
2016: Scientific Reports
Haitao Guan, Zhijun Dai, Yuguang Ma, Zhongwei Wang, Xiaoxu Liu, Xijing Wang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) regulate gene expression by negatively modulating the stability or translational efficiency of their target genes by targeting the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). Aberrant miRNA expression has been reported in various types of cancer; miRNAs can function as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in cancer. In this study, we examined the expression level of miR‑101 in breast cancer tissues and cell lines by RT-qPCR, and found that miR‑101 expression was downregulated in breast cancer tissues and cell lines; indeed, in 6 of the 28 tissue samples, miR‑101 could not be detected...
June 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jiesi Zhou, Saket Jain, Abul K Azad, Xia Xu, Hai Chuan Yu, Zhihua Xu, Roseline Godbout, YangXin Fu
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a critical role in the progression of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). However, the mechanisms that regulate EMT in EOC are not fully understood. Here, we report that activation of Notch1 induces EMT in EOC cells as evidenced by downregulation of E-cadherin and cytokeratins, upregulation of Slug and Snail, as well as morphological changes. Interestingly, activation of Notch1 increases TGFβ/Smad signaling by upregulating the expression of TGFβ and TGFβ type 1 receptor...
August 2016: Cellular Signalling
Huang Huang, Songqing Lai, Qing Wan, Wanghong Qi, Jichun Liu
Astragaloside IV (ASI), a traditional Chinese medicine, is a main active ingredient of Astragalus membranaceus. Many clinical studies have found that ASI protects cardiomyocytes in cardiovascular diseases, but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for the protective effects of ASI in cardiomyocytes from anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) injury. According to the previous studies, we hypothesized that the cardioprotective effects of ASI against A/R injury might be associated with Notch1/Hes1 signaling pathway...
May 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Paul Takam Kamga, Giulio Bassi, Adriana Cassaro, Martina Midolo, Mariano Di Trapani, Alessandro Gatti, Roberta Carusone, Federica Resci, Omar Perbellini, Michele Gottardi, Massimiliano Bonifacio, Armel Hervé Nwabo Kamdje, Achille Ambrosetti, Mauro Krampera
Both preclinical and clinical investigations suggest that Notch signalling is critical for the development of many cancers and for their response to chemotherapy. We previously showed that Notch inhibition abrogates stromal-induced chemoresistance in lymphoid neoplasms. However, the role of Notch in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its contribution to the crosstalk between leukemia cells and bone marrow stromal cells remain controversial. Thus, we evaluated the role of the Notch pathway in the proliferation, survival and chemoresistance of AML cells in co-culture with bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells expanded from both healthy donors (hBM-MSCs) and AML patients (hBM-MSCs*)...
April 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Jan Kramer, Ralf Schwanbeck, Horst Pagel, Figen Cakiroglu, Jürgen Rohwedel, Ursula Just
Ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with high morbidity and frequent complications. Repeated episodes of AKI may lead to end-stage renal failure. The pathobiology of regeneration in AKI is not well understood and there is no effective clinical therapy that improves regeneration. The Notch signaling pathway plays an essential role in kidney development and has been implicated in tissue repair in the adult kidney. Here, we found that kidneys after experimental AKI in mice showed increased expression of Notch receptors, specifically Notch1-3, of the Notch ligands Jagged-1 (Jag1), Jag2 and Delta-like-4 (Dll4) and of the Notch target genes Hes1, Hey2, HeyL, Sox9 and platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (Pdgfrb)...
2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
D Murta, M Batista, E Silva, A Trindade, D Henrique, A Duarte, L Lopes-da-Costa
Spermatozoa undergo sequential maturation changes during their transit along the epididymis. These changes are modulated by the epididymal epithelium and require a finely tuned gene expression. The Notch cell signaling pathway is a major regulator of cell fate decisions in several tissues, including the testis. Here, we evaluated the transcription and expression patterns of Notch components (Notch1-3, Dll1, Dll4, and Jagged1) and effectors (Hes1-2 and Hes5) in the adult mouse epididymis, and evaluated the role of Notch signaling in the epididymis through its in vivo blockade following administration of an inhibitor (DAPT)...
March 2016: Andrology
J Manokawinchoke, P Sumrejkanchanakij, K Subbalekha, P Pavasant, T Osathanon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Notch signaling regulates bone homeostasis. The present study investigated the effect of Jagged1 on osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) expression in human periodontal ligament stromal (hPDL) cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: hPDL cells were seeded on to indirect immobilized Jagged1 surfaces. OPG expression was determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
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