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Nadeemul Hoda, Aamir Malick Saifi, Girish B Giraddi
BACKGROUND: A common sequel of tooth extraction is alveolar bone resorption. It makes the placement of dental implants difficult and creates an esthetic problem for the fabrication of conventional prostheses. Therefore, alveolar bone following tooth extraction should be preserved. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present prospective study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the resorbable bioscaffold poly lactic co-glycolic acid (PLGA) in maintaining the alveolar height in post-extraction socket...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Daniel A Müller, Jess G Snedeker, Dominik C Meyer
BACKGROUND: This is the first study assessing the properties of large-diameter degradable sutures relevant for orthopedic applications over the course of in vitro incubation for 2 months. The data we present here provide guidance to the orthopedic surgeon in predicting the long-term performance of suture materials used everyday in surgical practice. METHODS: Five different absorbable (Vicryl, Maxon, Monocryl, PDS II, Vicryl rapide) and one non-absorbable (Ethibond) suture materials were tested...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Jin Hwi Kim, Seung Won Byun, Jae Yeon Song, Yeon Hee Kim, Hee Joong Lee, Tae Chul Park, Keun Ho Lee, Soo Young Hur, Jong Sup Park, Sung Jong Lee
We compared results using unidirectional barbed sutures and conventional sutures for vaginal cuff closure during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH).The electronic medical records and surgical videos of 170 patients who underwent TLH between January 2013 and March 2015 at Uijeong-bu St. Mary's Hospital of Catholic University of Korea were reviewed. Vaginal cuffs were closed using the 2-layer continuous running technique with unidirectional barbed sutures (V-Loc; Covidien, Mansfield, MA) in 64 patients and with polycolic acid Vicryl; Ethicon, Somerville, NJ sutures in 106 patients...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Laura M Fluke, Ryan D Restrepo, Shyam Patel, Benjamin D Hoagland, Lori M Krevetski, Jacob T Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Full-thickness soft tissue defects from congenital absence or traumatic loss are difficult to surgically manage. Healing requires cell migration, organization of an extracellular matrix, inflammation, and wound coverage. PLCL (70:30 lactide:caprolactone, Purac), poly(propylene glycol) nanofibrous scaffolds enhance cell infiltration in vitro. This study compares strength and tissue ingrowth of aligned and unaligned nanofibrous scaffolds to absorbable and permanent meshes. We hypothesize that PLCL nanofibrous grafts will provide strength necessary for physiological function while serving as a scaffold to guide native tissue regeneration in vivo...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
A Minni, D Rosati, C Cavaliere, A De Carlo, G Illuminati, V Scarano Catanzaro, M Bodoni
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized study is to evaluate the real benefits of the FOCUS Harmonic Scalpel in total thyroidectomies compared with conventional ligation, regarding operative time, postoperative blood loss, length of stay and complications. Furthermore, as never seen in other studies, we studied the effects of using the FOCUS during thyroidectomy analyzing the vocal production of patients before and after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 361 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy from 2008 to 2014...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Sergey N Larionov, V A Sorokovikov, K C Erdyneyev, S A Lepekhova, O A Goldberg
BACKGROUND: Postoperative epidural fibrosis (EF) after lumbar discectomy is the most common and at the same time controversial issue. PURPOSE: The etiology and pathogenesis creates a lot of discussion and selection of methods of treatment and prevention continues. METHODS: LIV laminectomy with dura mater (DM) exposition was done in 24 rats, and then, 0.3 ml of elements of suspension of autologous intervertebral disk was implicated on DM. As autologous intervertebral disk, we used the intervertebral disk from amputated tail...
July 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
M A Uddin, E R Reza, M S Islam, M R Hoque, M F Hussain, I Alam, M F Sazzad, N Biswas, M S Kader, M S Malek, F Sultana, K S Rahman
The management of the colon injury remains controversial in spite of a number of divergent reports during the past decade. Previously surgeons were reluctant to do primary anastomosis but now-a-days they are doing primary repair with good results. The present study is designed to see the early outcomes of primary repair in colonic injury. This prospective observational study performed at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2013 to June 2013 with allocation of 50 patients with colonic injury who underwent laparotomy with primary repair of that injury in the department of Casualty Surgery...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
X Wu, N Z Kubilay, J Ren, B Allegranzi, P Bischoff, B Zayed, D Pittet, J Li
To investigate the effectiveness of antimicrobial-coated sutures compared with non-coated sutures in reducing surgical site infection (SSI) and develop recommendations for World Health Organization (WHO) SSI prevention guidelines. We searched Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and WHO Global Health from 1990-16/02/2015 with language restricted to English, Spanish, and French. Meta-analysis was performed with a random-effects model. Meta-regression analysis assessed whether the effect of antimicrobial coating changed according to the type of suture and surgery...
September 2, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Sang-Yeul Lee, Kun-Yong Sung
BACKGROUND: Subcision techniques involving wire scalpels are used to correct prominent nasolabial folds, depressed scars, and wrinkles. However, these instruments are not universally available. METHODS: We devised a substitute device, consisting of a Tuohy epidural needle and Vicryl sutures, which are easily accessible and inexpensive. We used these novel devices to perform nasolabial fold subcisions in six female patients (mean age 43 years, range 28-65 years) The follow-up period ranged from 4 to 11 months (mean 7 months)...
August 22, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Christian Beltzer, Alexander Eisenächer, Steffen Badendieck, Dietrich Doll, Markus Küper, Stefan Lenz, Björn Dirk Krapohl
INTRODUCTION: The optimal treatment concept for temporary abdominal closure (TAC) in critically ill visceral surgery patients with open abdomen (OA) continues to be unclear. The VACM (vacuum-assisted closure and mesh-mediated fascial traction) therapy seems to permit higher delayed primary fascial closure rates (FCR) than other TAC procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients of our clinic (n=58) who were treated by application of a VAC/VACM treatment manual in the period from 2005 to 2008 were retrospectively analysed...
2016: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
C D Brandi, S Roche, S Bertone, M E Fratantoni
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECFs) developed after elective incisional hernia (IH) repair using intraperitoneal uncoated polypropylene (PPE) mesh. METHODS: This is a retrospective descriptive study of a prospective cohort of patients undergoing elective IH repair using intraperitoneal uncoated PPE mesh at the Department of General Surgery of a high complexity University Hospital. RESULTS: Between January 1992 and December 2013, 695 IH repairs were performed using intraperitoneal uncoated PPE mesh...
August 13, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Paul W Flavahan, Karen McDaid, Taylor Watters, Michael Finch, Sanjay Mantry
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that collagen cross-linking (CXL) could be used to promote adhesion in mock corneal grafts. METHODS: Donated human corneal tissue underwent epithelial debridement and was cut into sections measuring 4mm×3mm. Paired sections were sutured together with 10-0 vicryl, forming mock corneal grafts. Looped 6-0 sutures were placed at each end to facilitate tension measurement. Mock grafts underwent CXL before being cultured for 2days in Eagle's MEM culture medium...
August 9, 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
C Blake Perry, Richard C Allen
This article describes a surgical technique using drill holes through the inferior orbital rim and fixation with permanent sutures as a functional subperiosteal midface lift and compares it to other standard midface elevation techniques. This was a retrospective, comparative, non-randomized study. Charts of all patients undergoing midface elevation between 2009 and 2013 were reviewed. Pre- and post-operative photos were graded on a scale 0 to 3 with 0 representing normal lower lid position and lid/cheek junction and 3 representing the most severe malposition...
October 2016: Orbit
Katy L Townsend, William Lear, Bria L Robertson, Jamie J Kruzic
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the mechanical strength of wounds closed with a combination of buried dermal absorbable sutures and superficial nonabsorbable nylon sutures will be higher than wounds closed with only superficial nonabsorbable nylon sutures. METHODS: Four Yucatan pigs were anesthetized and each received four 4.5cm full thickness incisions on their dorsal surfaces, placed 8cm apart. Half of all incisions were randomly allocated and repaired with 3-0 polyglactin 910 (Vicryl(™)) buried dermal absorbable sutures and superficial 3-0 nylon sutures, using a simple interrupted pattern...
October 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Dae Ro Lim, Dae Hyun Cho, Joo Hyun Lee, Jae Hwan Moon
PURPOSE: A variety of instruments, including circular staplers, ultrasonic scalpels, lasers, and bipolar electrothermal devices, are currently used when performing a hemorrhoidectomy. This study compared outcomes between hemorrhoidectomies performed with an ultrasonic scalpel and conventional methods. METHODS: The study was a randomized prospective review of data available between May 2013 and December 2013, involving 50 patients who had undergone a hemorrhoidectomy for grade III or IV internal hemorrhoids...
June 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
Chying-Chyuan Chan, Ching-Yu Lee
Purpose. Myomectomy has been performed through laparoscopy. Suturing is known as rate-limiting step in laparoscopic myomectomy. The present study was aimed at comparing the clinical outcomes of absorbable knotless wound closure device with the results of conventional suturing. Methods. This prospective study included 62 women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy at Taipei City Hospital, Zhongxiao Branch, from January 2010 through to August 2012. The patients were randomized into two groups according to suturing materials, the knotless group and the 2-0 Vicryl suture group...
2016: BioMed Research International
Ruchir Gupta, Nadia Sunny, Sabrina L Noyes, Mouafak Tourojman, Bikal Paka, Robert Bossemeyer, Brian R Lane
PURPOSE: To determine the functional life of various configurations of partial nephrectomy (PN) closure systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sutures were prepared using standard techniques for sutured renorrhaphy during PN. Tested systems included Knot-Hem-o-Lok® (K-H), Lapra-Ty-Hem-o-Lok® (L-H), and Hem-o-Lok®-Hem-o-Lok® (H-H) combinations. The saline-filled tank was maintained at 37°C and sutures (Vicryl, Stratafix® PGA-PCL, V-Loc(TM)180) were suspended at 4N or 2N...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Urology
Ying Hao Tan, Yu Ming Joel Lim, Ying Woo Ng, Ho Yee Tiong
Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy has been broadly recognized as the gold standard for kidney procurement used in kidney transplantation where it is not uncommon for donors to experience discomfort and aesthetic dissatisfaction over larger incision site. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery is a surgical approach that allows scarless intraabdominal operations through natural orifices, such as the vagina. In this case report, we describe the first case of transvaginal retrieval of donor's kidney at the National University Hospital, Singapore...
September 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Oral B Ospanov
BACKGROUND: This video demonstrates laparoscopic band-separated one anastomosis gastric bypass-combining the advantages of banding and gastric bypass without stapler and cutter use. This is basically a gastrojejunal loop bypass above an obstructive band in the upper stomach. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: An adjustable low pressure "Medsil" gastric band was introduced in the abdomen and retracted through the retrogastric tunnel. The front wall of the stomach below the band was displaced in the upward direction through the ring band, increasing the size of the anterior portion of the stomach pouch so that a gastroenteroanastomosis could be created at this point...
September 2016: Obesity Surgery
H Sumrien, P Newman, C Burt, K McCarthy, A Dixon, A Pullyblank, A Lyons
BACKGROUND: Perineal wound healing is a significant challenge after extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) due to a high rate of wound breakdown. Negative pressure therapy has proven benefits in open wounds, and recently a negative pressure system has been developed for use on closed wounds at high risk of breakdown, such as apronectomy and hysterectomy. The aim of the present study was to determine whether negative pressure therapy applied to closed perineal wounds after ELAPE improved wound healing and compare outcomes to the published literature and outcomes from a historical cohort of patients who had undergone 'standard' abdominoperineal resection (APR) and primary closure of the perineal wounds...
September 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
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