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Vortex veins

Liang Han, Yen-Ling Cho, Zhizhong Ma, Xinrong Zhao, Xin Chang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to observe the characteristics of intrachoroidal splitting (ICS) associated with choroidal detachment due to open-globe injury. METHODS: A retrospective, observational case series study of four eyes diagnosed with choroidal detachment exhibited ICS. The in vivo pathologic changes of the ICS were recorded during surgery. Four specimens were obtained from the inner part of the ICS region. One specimen was stained with hematoxylin and eosin; one specimen was examined under scanning electron microscopy, and the other two specimens were examined under transmission electron microscopy...
January 2018: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
Ira Seibel, Aline I Riechardt, Katharina Erb-Eigner, Alexander Böker, Dino Cordini, Jens Heufelder, Antonia M Joussen
PURPOSE: This study was performed to show long-term outcomes concerning metastasis rates and local recurrence rates after primary proton beam therapy in uveal melanoma with posterior extraocular extension (EOE) with the main focus on optic nerve invasion. DESIGN: Retrospective case series METHODS: All patients treated with primary proton beam therapy for choroidal or ciliary body melanoma with posterior EOE between July 1998 and August 2010 were included. EOE was either detected upon sonography at primary examination or during the surgical application of tantalum clips onto the sclera...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Priscilla Ern Zhi Tan, Paula K Yu, Hongfang Yang, Stephen J Cringle, Dao-Yi Yu
We previously demonstrated endothelial phenotype heterogeneity in the vortex vein system. This study is to further determine whether regional differences are present in the cytoskeleton, junctional proteins and phosphorylated tyrosine labeling within the system. The vortex vein system of twenty porcine eyes was perfused with labels for f-actin, claudin-5, VE-Cadherin, phosphorylated tyrosine and nucleic acid. The endothelial cells of eight different regions (choroidal veins, pre-ampulla, anterior ampulla, mid-ampulla, posterior ampulla, post-ampulla, intra-scleral canal and the extra-ocular vortex vein) were studied using confocal microscopy...
March 30, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Eszter Szalai, Jill R Wells, Hans E Grossniklaus
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess morphological risk factors associated with optic nerve invasion of choroidal melanoma and to identify possible mechanisms of optic nerve invasion. Methods: Medical charts and histology slides of patients with primary choroidal melanoma who were treated by enucleation/exenteration and whose pathology showed optic nerve invasion were reviewed. Results: Twenty-one patients (mean age: 65.67 ± 14.72 years) with primary uveal melanoma arising from the choroid were included in this analysis...
November 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
Stephen Gaeta, Petter Dyverfeldt, Jonatan Eriksson, Carl-Johan Carlhäll, Tino Ebbers, Ann F Bolger
4D Flow MRI has been used to quantify normal and deranged left ventricular blood flow characteristics on the basis of functionally distinct flow components. However, the application of this technique to the atria is challenging due to the presence of continuous inflow. This continuous inflow necessitates plane-based emission of particle traces from the inlet veins, leading to particles that represents different amounts of blood, and related quantification errors. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel fixed-volume approach for particle tracing and employ this method to develop quantitative analysis of 4D blood flow characteristics in the left atrium...
April 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Aditya Sudhalkar, Laurent Kodjikian, Jay Chhablani, Deepak Bhojwani, Abhay Vasavada
PURPOSE: To determine the association between the dexamethasone implant position in the vitreous cavity and ocular hypertension (OHT). METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with at least one intravitreal dexamethasone implant injection between 2012 and 2016. Patients who had a minimum follow-up for 6 months and documented evidence of the implant position were included in the study. Steroid responders, glaucoma patients, vitrectomized eyes, and eyes with liquefied vitreous were excluded...
October 9, 2017: Retina
Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Svetlana Cherepanoff, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Murray Killingsworth, Fred K Chen, Randev Mendis, Sarah Mrejen, Lay Khoon Too, Orly Gal-Or, Christine A Curcio, K Bailey Freund, Lawrence A Yannuzzi
PURPOSE: To define the range and life cycles of cuticular drusen phenotypes using multimodal imaging and to review the histologic characteristics of cuticular drusen. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cohort study and experimental laboratory study. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred forty eyes of 120 clinic patients with a cuticular drusen phenotype and 4 human donor eyes with cuticular drusen (n = 2), soft drusen (n = 1), and hard drusen (n = 1)...
January 2018: Ophthalmology
Shao-Yong Huo, Jiu-Jiu Chen, Hong-Bo Huang, Guo-Liang Huang
The introduction of the concept of valley pseudospin to phononic crystals has made a remarkable topologically protected interface transport of sound, which opens a novel research area referred to as valley Hall topological insulators. Here, we demonstrate the simultaneous multi-band edge states of shear vertical waves in two-dimensional phononic crystals with veins. The multi-band edge states are topologically valley-protected and are obtained by simultaneously gapping multiple Dirac points at K (or K') under the inversion symmetry breaking...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chiara Veronese, Giovanni Staurenghi, Marco Pellegrini, Chiara Maiolo, Laura Primavera, Mariachiara Morara, Grayson W Armstrong, Antonio P Ciardella
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to describe the clinical presentation of vortex vein varices with multimodal imaging. METHODS: The authors carried out a retrospective case series of eight patients (7 female, 1 male) with an average age of 60.2 years (min 8, max 84, median 68.5) presenting with vortex vein varices. All patients were evaluated at the Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy and at Luigi Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy...
March 22, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Jehill D Parikh, Jayant Kakarla, Bernard Keavney, John J O'Sullivan, Gary A Ford, Andrew M Blamire, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Louise Coats
AIM: To investigate atrial flow patterns in the normal adult heart, to explore whether caval vein arrangement and patency of the foramen ovale (PFO) may be associated with flow pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Time-resolved, three-dimensional velocity encoded magnetic resonance imaging (4D flow) was employed to assess atrial flow patterns in thirteen healthy subjects (6 male, 40 years, range 25-50) and thirteen subjects (6 male, 40 years, range 21-50) with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale (CS-PFO)...
2017: PloS One
Muka Moriyama, Kejia Cao, Satoko Ogata, Kyoko Ohno-Matsui
AIMS: To analyse the characteristics of posterior vortex veins detected in highly myopic eyes by wide-field indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). METHODS: One hundred and fifty-eight consecutive patients (302 eyes) with high myopia (myopic refractive error >8.0 dioptres (D) or axial length ≥26.5 mm) were studied. Wide-field ICGA was performed with the Spectralis HRA module. RESULTS: Posterior vortex veins were found in 80 eyes (26%)...
September 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Evan Kao, Sarah Kefayati, Matthew R Amans, Farshid Faraji, Megan Ballweber, Van Halbach, David Saloner
Pulsatile Tinnitus (PT) is a pulse-synchronous sound heard in the absence of an external source. PT is often related to abnormal flow in vascular structures near the cochlea. One vascular territory implicated in PT is the internal jugular vein (IJV). Using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) based on patient-specific Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), we investigated the flow within the IJV of seven subjects, four symptomatic and three asymptomatic of PT. We found that there were two extreme anatomic types classified by the shape and position of the jugular bulbs: elevated and rounded...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
N Kim, E Escobar Martin, P Gili Manzanaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Quraish Ghadiali, Anna Tan, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: We describe a patient with an unusually posterior varix of a vortex vein ampulla. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: An unusually posterior varix of a vortex vein ampulla mimicking a choroidal neoplasm was identified. The diagnosis was obscured by the presence of overlying drusen. Through a combination of indocyanine green angiography and enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, the varix was identified as an engorged vascular process correlating to ophthalmoscopic and tomographic examination...
January 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Tetsu Asami, Hiroko Terasaki, Yasuki Ito, Tadasu Sugita, Hiroki Kaneko, Junpei Nishiyama, Hajime Namiki, Masahiko Kobayashi, Norihiko Nishizawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of a newly developed 23-G optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe in animal and human eyes. METHODS: The probe is a side-imaging OCT device with a scanning beam set 43° to the optical axis and a working distance of 1.5 to 2.0 mm. The performance of the OCT probe was tested during vitrectomy in porcine cadaver eyes and rabbit eyes in situ. Optical coherence tomography images of a normal retina, retinal break, optic disc, pars plicata of the ciliary body, and intraoperative surgical manipulations were recorded...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Alejandro Arciniegas, Fernando Ramirez
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to determine the feasibility of establishing a derivation between the anterior chamber (AC) and a vortex vein to lower the intraocular pressure (IOP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A derivation between the AC and a vortex vein was performed in 1 eye of 16 albino rabbits, whereas the other eye was kept as the control. Derivations were performed using a Teflon tube with an external diameter of 0.90 mm and an inner diameter of 0...
September 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Tony D Kang, Alexzandra M Douglass, Sandor R Ferenczy, Emil Anthony T Say, Carol L Shields
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Retina
Natalia I Kurysheva, Olga A Parshunina, Ekaterina O Shatalova, Tatiana N Kiseleva, Michael B Lagutin, Alexey V Fomin
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic value of ocular blood flow parameters and choroidal thickness (CT) with standard structural parameters for early glaucoma detection. METHODS: A total of 32 patients with pre-perimetric glaucoma were compared with 30 age-matched normal subjects. The thickness of the ganglion cell complex (GCC), retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and the choroid and foveal loss volume (FLV) were measured by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
March 2017: Current Eye Research
Foad Kabinejadian, Boyang Su, Dhanjoo N Ghista, Munirah Ismail, Sangho Kim, Hwa Liang Leo
Arterio-venous grafts (AVGs), the second best option as long-term vascular access for hemodialysis, face major issues of stenosis mainly due to development of intimal hyperplasia at the venous anastomosis which is linked to unfavorable hemodynamic conditions. We have investigated computationally the utility of a coupled sequential venous anastomotic design to replace conventional end-to-side (ETS) venous anastomosis, in order to improve the hemodynamic environment and consequently enhance the patency of AVGs...
January 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Hiroyoshi Ninomiya
OBJECTIVE: To examine the ocular circulation in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). ANIMALS STUDIED: Eyes were obtained postmortem from three sea lions that died while in captivity. PROCEDURES: Specimens from sea lions were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of vascular corrosion casts. The thermal characteristics of live animal eyes were measured using an infrared imaging system. RESULTS: The major orbital artery of the sea lion was the ophthalmic artery...
May 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
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