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Anterior ciliary arteries

Jing Lu, Yan Luo, Lin Lu
BACKGROUND: Vitreous cysts are rare clinical findings and seldom cause visual disturbance. They are generally classified as congenital or acquired and are considered idiopathic when the etiology can not be determined. A previous electron microscopic observation on an idiopathic pigmented vitreous cyst has confirmed its pigment epithelial origin. However, the specific kind of pigment epithelium involved remains unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old female presented with a round-shaped floater causing frequent visual disturbance in the left eye...
October 3, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
Mark P Krebs
Comparing 3D structural information obtained by optical coherence tomography (OCT) requires accurate alignment of images acquired from individual subjects. Despite the widespread use of OCT to image the anterior and posterior mouse eye, few approaches to align the resulting image data have been described, in part due to a lack of well-characterized landmarks that are suitable for alignment. Here, we provide an OCT acquisition and analysis protocol that incorporates the use of the long posterior ciliary arteries as landmarks...
September 8, 2017: Current Protocols in Mouse Biology
Marta Cerdà-Ibáñez, Antonio Duch-Samper, Rodrigo Clemente-Tomás, Raúl Torrecillas-Picazo, Noemí Ruiz Del Río, Laura Manfreda-Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Perfusion of the optic nerve has been widely studied using fluorescein angiography (FAG), which is currently regarded as the criterion standard. However, FAG has adverse effects associated with intravenous contrast administration and is limited in its capacity to characterize and stratify the different vascular layers of the optic nerve and retina. The use of new imaging techniques, such as optical coherence tomographic angiography (Angio-OCT), is therefore important. AIM: A qualitative description is made of the vascular layers of the optic nerve and of how vascular events affect radial peripapillary capillaries (RPC)...
2017: Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases
J P Yang, L P Zhu, Z L Zhang, X Y Huang
Objective: To investigate the effects of long time video display terminal (VDT) operation on the ocular vascular hemodynamic and visual acuity. Methods: During March and October 2015, 120 cases of video monitoring warriors were selected as study group, another 155 cases of logistics personnel as the control group. The low vision of the two groups was calculated and compared, and the color Doppler flow imaging was used to measure the central retinal artery (CRA) , short posterior ciliary artery (SPCA) , anterior ciliary artery (ACA) , (peak systolic velocity, PSV) , end diastolic velocity (EDV) and (resistance index (RI) ...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Ido D Fabian, Andrew W Stacey, Tanzina Chowdhury, Catriona Duncan, Esin K Karaa, Irene Scheimberg, M Ashwin Reddy, Mandeep S Sagoo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate and identify the risk factors for high-risk histopathologic features in group D retinoblastoma eyes enucleated as primary or secondary treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 64 enucleated group D eyes (62 patients), of which 40 (40 patients) were primary and 24 (22 patients) were secondary to other treatments. METHODS: Clinicopathologic correlation of consecutive group D eyes enucleated from 2002 to 2014...
June 2017: Ophthalmology
M-B Rougier, M-N Delyfer, J-F Korobelnik
PURPOSE: To describe changes of the retinal peripapillary microvasculature on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) in non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic (NAION) neuropathy. METHODS: Observational study of 10 patients at the acute phase of NAION. OCT-A was performed using a 3mm×3mm square centered on the optic disc (Cirrus HD-OCT with Angioplex, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Dublin, CA). A qualitative comparison was made with the healthy fellow eye of each patient...
February 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Hershel R Patel, Curtis E Margo
Ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) describes a state of hypoxic injury of the optic nerve. Clinically, ION is divided into anterior and posterior forms defined by the presence or absence of optic disc swelling, respectively. It is further classified as arteritic when secondary to vasculitis, and nonarteritic when not. The site of vascular occlusion for anterior ION from giant cell arteritis is the short posterior ciliary arteries, but mechanical vascular obstruction does not play a role in most nonarteritic cases...
January 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Caroline Manicam, Natarajan Perumal, Norbert Pfeiffer, Franz H Grus, Adrian Gericke
Short posterior ciliary arteries (sPCA) provide the major blood supply to the optic nerve head. Emerging evidence has linked structural and functional anomalies of sPCA to the pathogenesis of several ocular disorders that cause varying degrees of visual loss, particularly anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy and glaucoma. Although the functional relevance of this vascular bed is well-recognized, the proteome of sPCA remains uncharacterized. Since the porcine ocular system closely resembles that of the human's and is increasingly employed in translational ophthalmic research, this study characterized the proteome of porcine sPCA employing the mass spectrometry-based proteomics strategy...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jian Wang, Weici Wang, Bi Jin, Yanrong Zhang, Ping Xu, Feixiang Xiang, Yi Zheng, Juan Chen, Shi Sheng, Chenxi Ouyang, Yiqing Li
Purpose. To investigate the alternation in cerebral and ocular blood flow velocity (BFV) in patients of carotid stenosis (CS) with or without contralateral carotid occlusion (CO) early after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Patients and Methods. Nineteen patients underwent CEA for ≥50% CS. Fourteen patients had the unilateral CS, and five patients had the ipsilateral CS and the contralateral CO. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) and Color Doppler Imaging (CDI) were performed before and early after CEA. Results. In patients with unilateral CS, significant improvements in BFV were observed in anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) on the ipsilateral side after CEA...
2016: BioMed Research International
Dragoş Cătălin Jianu, Silviana Nina Jianu, Ligia Petrica, Andrei Gheorghe Marius Motoc, Traian Flavius Dan, Dorela CodruŢa Lăzureanu, Mihnea Munteanu
Anterior ischemic optic neuropathies (AIONs) represent a segmental infarction of the optic nerve head (ONH) supplied by the posterior ciliary arteries (PCAs). Blood supply blockage can occur with or without arterial inflammation. For this reason, there are two types of AIONs: non-arteritic (NA-AION), and arteritic (A-AION), the latter is almost invariably due to giant cell arteritis (GCA). GCA is a primary vasculitis that predominantly affects extracranial medium-sized arteries, particularly the branches of the external carotid arteries (including superficial temporal arteries - TAs)...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Mei Han, Kanxing Zhao, Tongmei Zhang, Yan Li, Jianmin Gao, Liu Dong
OBJECTIVE: To observe the manifestations of RetCam Ⅱ and color Doppler imaging (CDI) in a retrospective case series of persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV). METHODS: Retrospective study. The medical records of 9 eyes/9 patients with PHPV went through RetCamⅡ and CDI from 2009 to 2014. RESULTS: There were 6 young boys and 3 young girl in this study, age from 2 months to 5 years. All the patients were born at full term. 9 eyes had complication (cataract)...
May 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Hongfang Yang, Paula K Yu, Stephen J Cringle, Xinghuai Sun, Dao-Yi Yu
Recently we reported studies of the iris microvasculature and its endothelial cells using intra-luminal micro-perfusion, fixation, and silver staining, suggesting that the iris vascular endothelium may be crucial for maintaining homeostasis in the ocular anterior segment. Here we present information regarding the intracellular structure and cell junctions of the iris endothelium. Thirty-seven porcine eyes were used for this study. The temporal long posterior ciliary artery was cannulated to assess the iris microvascular network and its endothelium using intra-luminal micro-perfusion, fixation, and staining with phalloidin for intracellular cytoskeleton f-actin, and with antibodies against claudin-5 and VE-cadherin for junction proteins...
November 2015: Experimental Eye Research
Efthymia Pavlidou, Christopher Burris, Caroline Thaung, Irene Scheimberg, Judith Kingston, John L Hungerford, M Ashwin Reddy, Mandeep S Sagoo
IMPORTANCE: Anterior chamber seeding following intraophthalmic artery chemotherapy is rarely reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe clinicopathologic observations in eyes in which intraophthalmic artery chemotherapy for retinoblastoma failed and to report anterior chamber involvement. OBSERVATIONS: A retrospective case series of 12 enucleated eyes (11 patients) with retinoblastoma refractory to intraophthalmic artery chemotherapy between March 1, 2010, and October 31, 2013, at University College London Institute of Ophthalmology and the Retinoblastoma Service, Royal London Hospital...
December 2015: JAMA Ophthalmology
Oriel Spierer, Michael Waisbourd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Marta Pazos, Hongli Yang, Stuart K Gardiner, William O Cepurna, Elaine C Johnson, John C Morrison, Claude F Burgoyne
The purpose of this study is to three-dimensionally (3D) characterize the principal macroscopic and microscopic relationships within the rat optic nerve head (ONH) and quantify them in normal control eyes. Perfusion-fixed, trephinated ONH from 8 normal control eyes of 8 Brown Norway Rats were 3D histomorphometrically reconstructed, visualized, delineated and parameterized. The rat ONH consists of 2 scleral openings, (a superior neurovascular and inferior arterial) separated by a thin connective tissue strip we have termed the "scleral sling"...
October 2015: Experimental Eye Research
Giacomo Di Zazzo, Isabella Guzzo, Lara De Galasso, Michele Fortunato, Giovanna Leozappa, Licia Peruzzi, Enrico Vidal, Ciro Corrado, Enrico Verrina, Stefano Picca, Francesco Emma
BACKGROUND: Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) is characterized by infarction of the optic nerve head due to hypoperfusion of the posterior ciliary arteries and causes sudden blindness in adults on chronic dialysis, but has rarely been described in children. Unlike adults, children do not have comorbidities related to aging. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 7 children on nocturnal continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD) who developed AION identified within the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Dialysis...
March 2015: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Teresa Borrás, Matthew H Smith, LaKisha K Buie
PURPOSE: Soft tissue calcification is a pathological condition. Matrix Gla (MGP) is a potent mineralization inhibitor secreted by cartilage chondrocytes and arteries' vascular smooth muscle cells. Mgp knock-out mice die at 6 weeks due to massive arterial calcification. Arterial calcification results in arterial stiffness and higher systolic blood pressure. Intriguingly, MGP was highly abundant in trabecular meshwork (TM). Because tissue stiffness is relevant to glaucoma, we investigated which additional eye tissues use Mgp's function using knock-in mice...
April 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
B Roussat, W Kilani, N de Preobrajensky, M Berche, L Du Pasquier, M Paques
PURPOSE: During the surgical correction of dysthyroid diplopia, the risk of ischemia by transection of the anterior ciliary arteries is well-known. In order to avoid this, we modified the classical surgical technique: (1) through the preservation of the vascular pedicles during muscle recession and (2) if necessary, through a plication (instead of a resection) of the ipsilateral antagonist muscle. The objective to be achieved is thus the resolution of the diplopia without ischemic complications...
February 2015: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Marco Pellegrini, Carol L Shields, Sruthi Arepalli, Jerry A Shields
A 17-month-old girl referred for a suspected ciliary body medulloepithelioma was found to have persistent fetal vasculature. Fluorescein angiography showed perfused hyaloid artery posterior tunica vasculosa lentis with brittle star appearance and nonperfused anterior pupillary membrane. Ultrasound biomicroscopy confirmed absence of iris or ciliary body solid tumor.
2014: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Hinda Boutrid, Stacey Quintero Wolfe, Timothy G Murray, Yolanda Pina, Roham Moftakhar, Cristina E Fernandes, Jennifer Reichbach, Mohammad Ali Aziz-Sultan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report significant alterations in orbital vasculature after combined systemic chemoreduction with consolidating external beam radiotherapy treatment in a case of advanced retinoblastoma and to discuss implications for intraarterial melphalan rescue chemotherapy. METHODS: We studied the case of a 22-month-old child who had been treated recently with intraarterial melphalan perfusion after multimodal therapy for advanced intraocular retinoblastoma...
2011: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
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