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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873478/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#1
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
The reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents many challenges that often are not adequately addressed in published reporting guidelines. A consensus meeting of experts was organized to develop an extension of the STROBE statement to address observational studies in veterinary medicine with respect to animal health, animal production, animal welfare and food safety outcomes. The consensus meeting was held 11-13 May 2014 in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Seventeen experts from North America, Europe and Australia attended the meeting...
November 22, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871217/identification-of-marine-traditional-chinese-medicine-dried-seahorses-in-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-market-using-dna-barcoding
#2
Feixia Hou, Longlian Wen, Cheng Peng, Jinlin Guo
Seahorse documented in Chinese pharmacopeia possess important medicinal efficacy and are used as an ingredient in traditional Chinese medicines. The growing international trade threatens the species. DNA barcoding holds a great application potentiality in wildlife conservation and might prevent the illegal trade of threatened species. The COI gene was used to identify seahorse, and nine Hippocampus species were found in the three large traditional Chinese medicines markets of China. All inter-specific genetic variations were larger than 2%...
November 22, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859753/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#3
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
BACKGROUND: Reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents challenges that often are not addressed in published reporting guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To develop an extension of the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) statement that addresses unique reporting requirements for observational studies in veterinary medicine related to health, production, welfare, and food safety. DESIGN: Consensus meeting of experts...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843438/a-decade-long-commitment-to-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-in-portugal
#4
REVIEW
Catarina M Marinho, Tiago Santos, Alexandre Gonçalves, Patrícia Poeta, Gilberto Igrejas
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a worldwide problem with serious health and economic repercussions. Since the 1940s, underuse, overuse, and misuse of antibiotics have had a significant environmental downside. Large amounts of antibiotics not fully metabolized after use in human and veterinary medicine, and other applications, are annually released into the environment. The result has been the development and dissemination of antibiotic-resistant bacteria due to many years of selective pressure. Surveillance of AMR provides important information that helps in monitoring and understanding how resistance mechanisms develop and disseminate within different environments...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836042/methods-and-processes-of-developing-the-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-strobe-vet-statement
#5
J M Sargeant, A M O'Connor, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
BACKGROUND: The reporting of observational studies in veterinary research presents many challenges that often are not adequately addressed in published reporting guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To develop an extension of the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) statement that addresses unique reporting requirements for observational studies in veterinary medicine related to health, production, welfare, and food safety. DESIGN: A consensus meeting of experts was organized to develop an extension of the STROBE statement to address observational studies in veterinary medicine with respect to animal health, animal production, animal welfare, and food safety outcomes...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809394/precision-wildlife-medicine-applications-of-the-human-centred-precision-medicine-revolution-to-species-conservation
#6
Jenny Whilde, Mark Q Martindale, David J Duffy
The current species extinction crisis is being exacerbated by an increased rate of emergence of epizootic disease. Human-induced factors including habitat degradation, loss of biodiversity and wildlife population reductions resulting in reduced genetic variation are accelerating disease emergence. Novel, efficient and effective approaches are required to combat these epizootic events. Here, we present the case for the application of human precision medicine approaches to wildlife medicine in order to enhance species conservation efforts...
November 3, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779918/producing-interdisciplinary-competent-professionals-integrating-one-health-core-competencies-into-the-veterinary-curriculum-at-the-university-of-rwanda
#7
Hellen J Amuguni, Melissa Mazan, Robert Kibuuka
Infectious diseases of grave concern to human health are emerging from wildlife and livestock populations in multiple regions of the world. Responding effectively to these emerging pandemics requires engagement of multidisciplinary groups of professionals. Using a One Health approach, One Health Central and Eastern Africa (OHCEA), a network of seven schools of public health and seven veterinary schools, with the support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has engaged in curriculum review with the aim of building the skills of multidisciplinary groups of professionals to improve their capacity to respond to emerging infectious diseases...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716792/lab-on-a-chip-based-pcr-rflp-assay-for-the-detection-of-malayan-box-turtle-cuora-amboinensis-in-the-food-chain-and-traditional-chinese-medicines
#8
Asing, Md Eaqub Ali, Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid, M A Motalib Hossain, Shuhaimi Mustafa, Md Abdul Kader, I S M Zaidul
The Malayan box turtle (Cuora amboinensis) (MBT) is a vulnerable and protected turtle species, but it is a lucrative item in the illegal wildlife trade because of its great appeal as an exotic food item and in traditional medicine. Although several polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays to identify MBT by various routes have been documented, their applicability for forensic authentication remains inconclusive due to the long length of the amplicon targets, which are easily broken down by natural decomposition, environmental stresses or physiochemical treatments during food processing...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608714/rna-seq-analysis-of-seasonal-and-individual-variation-in-blood-transcriptomes-of-healthy-managed-bottlenose-dolphins
#9
Jeanine S Morey, Marion G Neely, Denise Lunardi, Paul E Anderson, Lori H Schwacke, Michelle Campbell, Frances M Van Dolah
BACKGROUND: The blood transcriptome can reflect both systemic exposures and pathological changes in other organs of the body because immune cells recirculate through the blood, lymphoid tissues, and affected sites. In human and veterinary medicine, blood transcriptome analysis has been used successfully to identify markers of disease or pathological conditions, but can be confounded by large seasonal changes in expression. In comparison, the use of transcriptomic based analyses in wildlife has been limited...
2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603553/neotropical-zoonotic-parasites-in-bush-dogs-speothos-venaticus-from-upper-paran%C3%A3-atlantic-forests-in-misiones-argentina
#10
Katherina A Vizcaychipi, Miguel Rinas, Lucia Irazu, Adriana Miyagi, Carina F Argüelles, Karen E DeMatteo
Wildlife remains an important source of zoonotic diseases for the most vulnerable groups of humans, primarily those living in rural areas or coexisting with forest. The Upper Paraná Atlantic forest of Misiones, Argentina is facing ongoing environmental and anthropogenic changes, which affect the local biodiversity, including the bush dog (Speothos venaticus), a small canid considered Near Threatened globally and Endangered locally. This project aimed to expand the knowledge of zoonotic parasites present in the bush dog and the potential implications for human health and conservation medicine...
October 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585902/concentrating-on-zoo-and-wildlife-species
#11
Helle Hydeskov, Stephanie Jayson
Helle Hydeskov and Stephanie Jayson are European College of Zoological Medicine residents on new three-year training programmes being run jointly by the Zoological Society of London and the Royal Veterinary College. Here, they explain what motivated them to take up their residencies.
September 3, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516776/stem-cells-applications-in-regenerative-medicine-and-disease-therapeutics
#12
REVIEW
Ranjeet Singh Mahla
Regenerative medicine, the most recent and emerging branch of medical science, deals with functional restoration of tissues or organs for the patient suffering from severe injuries or chronic disease. The spectacular progress in the field of stem cell research has laid the foundation for cell based therapies of disease which cannot be cured by conventional medicines. The indefinite self-renewal and potential to differentiate into other types of cells represent stem cells as frontiers of regenerative medicine...
2016: International Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491593/additive-effects-of-levonorgestrel-and-ethinylestradiol-on-brain-aromatase-cyp19a1b-in-zebrafish-specific-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-bioassays
#13
N Hinfray, C Tebby, C Garoche, B Piccini, G Bourgine, S Aït-Aïssa, O Kah, F Pakdel, F Brion
Estrogens and progestins are widely used in combination in human medicine and both are present in aquatic environment. Despite the joint exposure of aquatic wildlife to estrogens and progestins, very little information is available on their combined effects. In the present study we investigated the effect of ethinylestradiol (EE2) and Levonorgestrel (LNG), alone and in mixtures, on the expression of the brain specific ER-regulated cyp19a1b gene. For that purpose, recently established zebrafish-derived tools were used: (i) an in vitro transient reporter gene assay in a human glial cell line (U251-MG) co-transfected with zebrafish estrogen receptors (zfERs) and the luciferase gene under the control of the zebrafish cyp19a1b gene promoter and (ii) an in vivo bioassay using a transgenic zebrafish expressing GFP under the control of the zebrafish cyp19a1b gene promoter (cyp19a1b-GFP)...
September 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479928/batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis-in-confiscated-telmatobius-in-lima-peru
#14
Samanta Zevallos, Roberto K Elías, Raúl A Berenguel, Thomas J Weaver, Richard P Reading
The Peruvian Andes are the home of 27 species of frogs of the genus Telmatobius, many of which are critically endangered. Illegal trade of adult frogs for purported medical properties likely represents the major threat facing these species. This activity, besides reducing their populations, may contribute to the dissemination of the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which causes chytridiomycosis, a disease posing a threat to many populations of amphibians. We screened frogs confiscated by the Administration of Forestry and Wildlife in Lima, Peru, for Bd...
October 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468014/pharmacokinetic-study-of-oral-%C3%AE%C2%B5-aminocaproic-acid-in-the-northern-elephant-seal-mirounga-angustirostris
#15
Sarrah Kaye, Shawn Johnson, Robert D Arnold, Ben Nie, Joshua T Davis, Frances Gulland, Noha Abou-Madi, Daniel J Fletcher
ε-Aminocaproic acid (EACA) is a lysine analogue antifibrinolytic drug used to treat bleeding disorders in humans and domestic animals. Its use in zoological medicine is rare, and dosage is anecdotal. One possible application of EACA is to treat bleeding associated with prepatent Otostrongylus arteritis in Northern elephant seals ( Mirounga angustirostris ) presenting to wildlife rehabilitation centers. This study used an in vitro model of hyperfibrinolysis and a thromboelastograph-based assay to estimate the therapeutic plasma concentration of EACA in elephant seals (85 μg/ml, 95% confidence interval = 73...
June 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341537/impacts-of-hunting-on-tropical-forests-in-southeast-asia
#16
Rhett D Harrison, Rachakonda Sreekar, Jedediah F Brodie, Sarah Brook, Matthew Luskin, Hannah O'Kelly, Madhu Rao, Brett Scheffers, Nandini Velho
Although deforestation and forest degradation have long been considered the most significant threats to tropical biodiversity, across Southeast Asia (Northeast India, Indochina, Sundaland, Philippines) substantial areas of natural habitat have few wild animals (>1 kg), bar a few hunting-tolerant species. To document hunting impacts on vertebrate populations regionally, we conducted an extensive literature review, including papers in local journals and reports of governmental and nongovernmental agencies...
October 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178552/advances-in-dna-metabarcoding-for-food-and-wildlife-forensic-species-identification
#17
REVIEW
Martijn Staats, Alfred J Arulandhu, Barbara Gravendeel, Arne Holst-Jensen, Ingrid Scholtens, Tamara Peelen, Theo W Prins, Esther Kok
Species identification using DNA barcodes has been widely adopted by forensic scientists as an effective molecular tool for tracking adulterations in food and for analysing samples from alleged wildlife crime incidents. DNA barcoding is an approach that involves sequencing of short DNA sequences from standardized regions and comparison to a reference database as a molecular diagnostic tool in species identification. In recent years, remarkable progress has been made towards developing DNA metabarcoding strategies, which involves next-generation sequencing of DNA barcodes for the simultaneous detection of multiple species in complex samples...
July 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131166/exotic-pet-and-wildlife-emergency-medicine-for-the-small-animal-practitioner
#18
EDITORIAL
Margaret Fordham, Brian K Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095962/one-health-approach-prospect-for-integrated-control-and-elimination-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-ethiopia-a-narrative-review-article
#19
REVIEW
Tadesse Hailu
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is an obligate intercellular protozoon that affects animals and human. It has zoonosis and/or anthroponosis transmission. Human and veterinary medicine, environmental science and wildlife conservation specialists have many commonalities in case of visceral leishmaniasis. Still the above disciplines respond against leishmaniasis in a separate way. The aim of this review is to indicate inter- and intra- sectoral collaboration for planning future control strategies...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086878/mathematical-modeling-and-simulation-in-animal-health-part-ii-principles-methods-applications-and-value-of-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modeling-in-veterinary-medicine-and-food-safety-assessment
#20
REVIEW
Z Lin, R Gehring, J P Mochel, T Lavé, J E Riviere
This review provides a tutorial for individuals interested in quantitative veterinary pharmacology and toxicology and offers a basis for establishing guidelines for physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model development and application in veterinary medicine. This is important as the application of PBPK modeling in veterinary medicine has evolved over the past two decades. PBPK models can be used to predict drug tissue residues and withdrawal times in food-producing animals, to estimate chemical concentrations at the site of action and target organ toxicity to aid risk assessment of environmental contaminants and/or drugs in both domestic animals and wildlife, as well as to help design therapeutic regimens for veterinary drugs...
October 2016: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
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