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Cardiopulmonary testing and cancer

Sebastian Viktor Waldemar Schulz, Roman Laszlo, Stephanie Otto, Dmytro Prokopchuk, Uwe Schumann, Florian Ebner, Jens Huober, Jürgen Michael Steinacker
PURPOSE: To evaluate feasibility of an exercise intervention consisting of high-intensity interval endurance and strength training in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Twenty-six women with nonmetastatic breast cancer were consecutively assigned to the exercise intervention- (n= 15, mean age 51.9 ± 9.8 years) and the control group (n = 11, mean age 56.9 ± 7.0 years). Cardiopulmonary exercise testing that included lactate sampling, one-repetition maximum tests and a HADS-D questionnaire were used to monitor patients both before and after a supervised six weeks period of either combined high-intensity interval endurance and strength training (intervention group, twice a week) or leisure training (control group)...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Martijn M Stuiver, Caroline S Kampshoff, Saskia Persoon, Wim Groen, Willem van Mechelen, Mai Jm Chinapaw, Johannes Brug, Frans Nollet, Marie-José Kersten, Goof Schep, Laurien M Buffart
OBJECTIVE: To further test the validity and clinical usefulness of the Steep Ramp Test (SRT) for estimating exercise tolerance in cancer survivors, by external validation and extension of previously published prediction models for VO2peak and Wpeak. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Multicenter. PARTICIPANTS: Cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET) and SRT data from cancer survivors (n=283) in two randomized exercise trials...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Florian J Segerer, Johannes Biko, Christoph Reiners, Clemens Wirth, Helge Hebestreit
PURPOSE: Exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH) has been reported in patients with juvenile thyroid cancer treated with radioiodine for lung metastases. This retrospective study tested the hypothesis that EIAH is due to ventilation-perfusion-mismatch in this rare pulmonary condition. METHOD: 50 patients (age 13 -23 years) treated for juvenile thyroid carcinoma and lung metastasis with 131I and 24 controls with thyroid cancer but without lung metastases and prior 131I-treatment were assessed in a state of acute hypothyroidism by computed tomography of the lungs, pulmonary function testing, cardiopulmonary exercise test with measurements of gas exchange, oxygen saturation, alveolar-arterial difference in pO2 (p(A-a)O2) and pCO2 (p(ET-a)CO2)...
February 6, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
Steffi M J Janssen, Jannie J Abbink, Robert Lindeboom, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland
PURPOSE: Although rehabilitation after treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was found to have a beneficial effect on exercise capacity in a number of studies, insight into its effect on quality of life (QoL) and fatigue is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the outcome of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) regarding fatigue, QoL, and exercise capacity in adult patients curatively treated for NSCLC stages I to IIIa. METHODS: Study data were prospectively and routinely gathered in daily practice in patients taking part in an outpatient PR program after treatment for NSCLC stages I to IIIa...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
T Schutte, A Thijs, Y M Smulders
BACKGROUND: D-dimer is routinely measured as part of the clinical diagnosis algorithms for venous thromboembolism (VTE). In these algorithms, low D- dimer cut-off values are used to generate a dichotomous test result that is sensitive, but very non-specific for VTE. A consequence of any test dichotomisation is loss of information that is hidden in the continuous spectrum of results. For D-dimer, the information conveyed by extremely elevated results may be particularly relevant. Our aim was to assess the differential diagnosis of extremely elevated D-dimer levels in a hospital setting...
December 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
Scott N Drum, Riggs J Klika, Susan D Carter, Lisa K Sprod, Lars Donath
Cancer survivors (CA) tend to demonstrate metabolic, cardiac, and ventilatory alterations due to previous chemotherapy and radiation that may impair adaptability following aerobic exercise training. Exercise training adaptations of CA finished with primary treatment compared to non-cancer participants (NC) have not yet been extensively elucidated. Thus, the present study compared physiologic responses of CA versus NC following a low-to-moderate intensity, 8-wk aerobic training program. Thirty-seven previously sedentary participants (CA: n = 14, 12 females; NC: n = 23, 19 females) with no heart or metabolic disease did not differ in age, height, weight, and body mass index (51 ± 2 y, 1...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics, John Diaper, Isabelle Frésard, Frédéric Triponez, Christoph Ellenberger, Raoul Schorer, Bengt Kayser, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux
INTRODUCTION: Impairment in aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for postoperative complications. In this randomized controlled trial, we hypothesized that a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program enhances cardiorespiratory fitness before lung cancer surgery and therefore reduces the risk of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC) (n = 77) or preoperative rehabilitation based on HIIT (Rehab) (n = 74)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Michele Salati, Alessandro Brunelli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Surgery is considered the best treatment option for patients with early stage lung cancer. Nevertheless, lung resection may cause a variable functional impairment that could influence the whole cardio-respiratory system with potential life-threatening complications. The aim of the present study is to review the most relevant evidences about the evaluation of surgical risk before lung resection, in order to define a practical approach for the preoperative functional assessment in lung cancer patients...
2016: Current Surgery Reports
M M Harish, S Janarthanan, Suhail Sarwar Siddiqui, Harish K Chaudhary, Natesh R Prabu, Jigeeshu V Divatia, Atul Prabhakar Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: The transport of critically ill patients for procedures or tests outside the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is potentially hazardous; hence, the transport process must be organized and efficient. Plenty of data is available on pre- and inter-hospital transport of patients; the data on intrahospital transport of patients are limited. We audited the complications and benefits of intrahospital transport of critically ill patients in our tertiary care center over 6 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty adult critically ill cancer patients transported from the ICU for either diagnostic or therapeutic procedure over 6 months were included...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
M A West, L Loughney, G Ambler, B D Dimitrov, J J Kelly, M G Mythen, R Sturgess, P M A Calverley, A Kendrick, M P W Grocott, S Jack
BACKGROUND: In 2014 approximately 21,200 patients were diagnosed with oesophageal and gastric cancer in England and Wales, of whom 37 % underwent planned curative treatments. Potentially curative surgical resection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. For operable locally advanced disease, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) improves survival over surgery alone. However, NAC carries the risk of toxicity and is associated with a decrease in physical fitness, which may in turn influence subsequent clinical outcome...
September 2, 2016: BMC Cancer
Sun Kyung Baek, Hye Jung Chang, Ja Min Byun, Jae Joon Han, Dae Seog Heo
Purpose: We explored the relationship between the use of each medical intervention and the length of time between DNR consent and death in Korea. Materials and Methods: A total of 295 terminal cancer patients participated in this retrospective study. Invasive interventions [e.g., cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), intubation, and hemodialysis], less invasive interventions (e.g., transfusion, antibiotic use, inotropic use and laboratory tests), and the time interval between the DNR order and death were evaluated...
September 1, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
John J Cuaron1, Shannon M MacDonald, Oren Cahlon
This review will focus on the indications, clinical experience, and technical considerations of proton beam radiation therapy in the treatment of patients with breast cancer. For patients with early stage disease, proton therapy delivers less dose to non-target breast tissue for patients receiving partial breast irradiation (PBI) therapy, which may result in improved cosmesis but requires further investigation. For patients with locally advanced breast cancer requiring treatment to the regional lymph nodes, proton therapy allows for an improved dosimetric profile compared with conventional photon and electron techniques...
August 2016: Chinese Clinical Oncology
Kyueng-Whan Min, Wan-Seop Kim, Se Jin Jang, Yoo Duk Choi, Sunhee Chang, Soon Hee Jung, Lucia Kim, Mee-Sook Roh, Choong Sik Lee, Jung Weon Shim, Mi Jin Kim, Geon Kook Lee
BACKGROUND: Testing for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is an important process in the therapeutic plan of patients with lung cancer. Recently, MassARRAY, based on matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, has been shown to be a useful method for somatic mutation analysis with pyrosequencing and peptide nucleic acid clamping (PNAc). METHODS: A total of 107 tissues and 67 cytological samples, which were confirmed to have lung adenocarcinoma at nine hospitals in Korea, were collected...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Nasser K Altorki, Mohamed K Kamel, Navneet Narula, Galal Ghaly, Abu Nasar, Mohamed Rahouma, Paul C Lee, Jeffery L Port, Brendon M Stiles
OBJECTIVES: Sublobar resection is advocated for patients with NSCLC and compromised cardiopulmonary reserve, and for selected patients with early stage disease. Anatomic segmentectomy (AS) has traditionally been considered superior to wedge resection (WR), but well-balanced comparative studies are lacking. We hypothesize that WR and AS are associated with comparable oncologic outcomes for patients with cT1N0 NSCLC. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospective database was performed (2000-2014) for cT1N0 patients, excluding patients with multiple primary tumors, carcinoid tumors, adenocarcinoma in situ, and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
M Heinrich, A Fisher, B Paton, O McCourt, R J Beeken, A Hackshaw, J Wardle, K Yong
BACKGROUND: Deterioration in bone health is one of the presenting symptoms of Multiple Myeloma (MM), a cancer of plasma cells. As a consequence of this condition, patients suffer bone pain and bone damage and report cancer-related fatigue, resulting in deterioration in their quality of life. Evidence in patients with solid tumours shows promise for the positive effects of physical activity on quality of life. However, in the case of patients with MM a better understanding of the association between physical fitness and quality of life factors is still required...
2016: BMC Cancer
Jo S Stenehjem, Knut B Smeland, Klaus Murbraech, Harald Holte, Stein Kvaløy, Lene Thorsen, Ingerid Arbo, Lee W Jones, Svend Aakhus, May Brit Lund, Cecilie E Kiserud
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness as measured by peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) is a strong predictor of longevity and may be compromised by anticancer therapy, inactivity, and smoking. We compared VO2peak among lymphoma survivors (LSs) with reference data from healthy sedentary subjects, after a 10.2-year (mean) follow-up post high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT-ASCT). We further examined the association between VO2peak and treatment, physical activity, smoking, pulmonary, and cardiac function...
July 12, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Benjamin Wilfrid Lamb, Wei Shen Tan, Philip Eneje, David Bruce, Amy Jones, Imran Ahmad, Ashwin Sridhar, Hilary Baker, Tim P Briggs, John E Hines, Senthil Nathan, Daniel Martin, Robert C Stephens, John D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing radical cystectomy have associated comorbidities resulting in reduced cardiorespiratory fitness. Preoperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) measures including anaerobic threshold (AT) can predict major adverse events (MAE) and hospital length of stay (LOS) for patients undergoing open and robotic cystectomy with extracorporeal diversion. Our objective was to determine the relationship between CPET measures and outcome in patients undergoing robotic radical cystectomy and intracorporeal diversion (intracorporeal robotic assisted radical cystectomy [iRARC])...
September 2016: Urologic Oncology
Patrick D Savage, Kim Dittus, Susan G Lakoski
PURPOSE: This is a case study of an aerobically trained, multisport, female athlete (age = 39) diagnosed with stage IIIc human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive breast cancer. The focus of the study is on measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (V˙O2peak) through the course of cancer therapy. METHODS: A symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise tolerance test was performed to determine V˙O2peak. The tests were performed at five different time points: 1) at diagnosis of breast cancer and before initiating chemotherapy, 2) after completion of chemotherapy (5 months postdiagnosis), 3) 2...
October 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Masataka Irie, Ryoichi Nakanishi, Manabu Yasuda, Yoshihisa Fujino, Kazumi Hamada, Masahiro Hyodo
Few studies have analysed postoperative risk factors in patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy, including assessments of preoperative physical function. The objectives of this study were to identify predictors of postoperative deterioration of performance status and cardiopulmonary complications in cases of thoracoscopic lobectomy.Between June 2005 and October 2012, we retrospectively reviewed 188 consecutive subjects who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy for preoperative stage I nonsmall cell lung cancer...
August 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
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