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Cancer and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222705/tai-chi-and-qigong-for-cancer-related-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Peter M Wayne, M S Lee, J Novakowski, K Osypiuk, J Ligibel, L E Carlson, R Song
PURPOSE: This study aims to summarize and critically evaluate the effects of Tai Chi and Qigong (TCQ) mind-body exercises on symptoms and quality of life (QOL) in cancer survivors. METHODS: A systematic search in four electronic databases targeted randomized and non-randomized clinical studies evaluating TCQ for fatigue, sleep difficulty, depression, pain, and QOL in cancer patients, published through August 2016. Meta-analysis was used to estimate effect sizes (ES, Hedges' g) and publication bias for randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219922/multimodal-prehabilitation-programs-as-a-bundle-of-care-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review
#2
Vladimir Bolshinsky, Michael H-G Li, Hilmy Ismail, Kate Burbury, Bernhard Riedel, Alexander Heriot
BACKGROUND: Prehabilitation reflects a proactive process of preoperative optimization undertaken between cancer diagnosis and definitive surgical treatment, with the intent of improving physiological capacity to withstand the major insult of surgery. Prehabilitation before GI cancer surgery is currently not widely adopted, and most research has focused on unimodal interventions such as exercise therapy, nutritional supplementation, and hematinic optimization. A review of the existing literature was undertaken to investigate the impact of multimodal prehabilitation programs as a "bundle of care...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215907/chemotherapy-and-cognitive-impairment-an-animal-model-approach
#3
Gordon Winocur
A substantial number of cancer survivors who undergo chemotherapy report cognitive disturbances that severely limit daily function (chemobrain). Despite supportive neuropsychological evidence, there is controversy over whether cognitive impairment is caused by the chemotherapy or is the result of potentially confounding factors that include the disease itself, age, and psychological stress. Our research program, conducted on rodents, has confirmed that a range of cognitive processes, mediated in particular by hippocampal and prefrontal brain regions, are affected by anticancer drugs in combination with tumor development and that many of the effects are long lasting...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211694/prevention-of-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-recurrence-nutrition-and-lifestyle
#4
Christian D Fankhauser, Hugh Mostafid
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the influence of nutrition and lifestyle on bladder cancer incidence and recurrence and summarize food items, diets and lifestyle practices that physicians may wish to prioritize for discussion with their patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent study results suggest an association between bladder cancer incidence and several food items including meat, fruit, vegetables, milk products and oil. Micronutrient deficiency is associated with bladder cancer risk; however, it remains unclear if micronutrient supplementation can modify bladder cancer incidence...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210001/high-intensity-exercise-interventions-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-exploring-the-impact-on-health-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Kellie Toohey, Kate Pumpa, Andrew McKune, Julie Cooke, Stuart Semple
PURPOSE: There is an increasing body of evidence underpinning high-intensity exercise as an effective and time-efficient intervention for improving health in cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to, (1) evaluate the efficacy and (2) the safety of high-intensity exercise interventions in improving selected health outcomes in cancer survivors. METHODS: Design Systematic review. Data sources Google Scholar and EBSCO, CINAHL Plus, Computers and Applied Sciences Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, MEDLINE, Web of Science and SPORTDiscuss from inception up until August 2017...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208478/pilot-testing-of-a-brief-couple-based-mind-body-intervention-for-patients-with-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-partners
#6
Kathrin Milbury, Rosalinda Engle, Anne Tsao, Zhongxing Liao, April Owens, Alejandro Chaoul, Eduardo Bruera, Lorenzo Cohen
CONTEXT: Given the generally incurable nature of metastatic lung cancer, patients and their spouses/partners are at risk for psychological and spiritual distress. To address this concern, we developed a couple-based mind-body (CBMB) intervention. OBJECTIVES: This formative research was aimed at examining the intervention's acceptability and initial efficacy in patients with metastatic lung cancer undergoing treatment and their spouses. METHODS: Intervention content evaluation sessions and an ensuing single-arm trial were conducted...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207971/comparison-of-the-association-of-mammographic-density-and-clinical-factors-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-versus-invasive-ductal-breast-cancer-in-korean-women
#7
Hyeonyoung Ko, Jinyoung Shin, Jeong Eon Lee, Seok Jin Nam, Tuong Linh Nguyen, John Llewelyn Hopper, Yun-Mi Song
BACKGROUND: In spite of the increasing incidence of in situ breast cancer, the information about the risk factors of in situ breast cancer (DCIS) is scarce as compared to the information available for invasive ductal breast cancer (IDC), with inconsistent findings regarding the difference in risk factors between DCIS and IDC. METHODS: We enrolled 472 women with IDC and 90 women with DCIS and 1088 controls matching for age and menopausal status. Information on risk factors was collected through self-administered questionnaire...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207962/a-partially-supervised-physical-activity-program-for-adult-and-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-surfit-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-nct02730767
#8
Corina S Rueegg, Susi Kriemler, Simeon J Zuercher, Christina Schindera, Andrea Renner, Helge Hebestreit, Christian Meier, Prisca Eser, Nicolas X von der Weid
BACKGROUND: Beyond survival of nowadays >80%, modern childhood cancer treatment strives to preserve long-term health and quality of life. However, the majority of today's survivors suffer from short- and long-term adverse effects such as cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, obesity, osteoporosis, fatigue, depression, and reduced physical fitness and quality of life. Regular exercise can play a major role to mitigate or prevent such late-effects. Despite this, there are no data on the effects of regular exercise in childhood cancer survivors from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 5, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205633/a-combined-connectivity-mapping-and-pharmacoepidemiology-approach-to-identify-existing-medications-with-breast-cancer-causing-or-preventing-properties
#9
John Busby, Liam Murray, Ken Mills, Shu-Dong Zhang, Fabio Liberante, Chris R Cardwell
PURPOSE: We applied a novel combined connectivity mapping and pharmacoepidemiological approach to identify medications that alter breast cancer risk. METHODS: The connectivity mapping process identified 6 potentially cancer-causing (meloxicam, azithromycin, rizatriptan, citalopram, rosiglitazone, and verapamil) and 4 potentially cancer-preventing (bendroflumethiazide, sertraline, fluvastatin, and budesonide) medications that were suitable for pharmacoepidemiological investigation...
December 4, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204942/spectrum-of-health-condition-in-methyl-isocyanate-mic-exposed-survivors-measured-after-30%C3%A2-years-of-disaster
#10
Bani Bandana Ganguly, Shouvik Mandal, Nitin N Kadam
Health effects of methyl isocyanate (MIC) exposure were mostly reported on the one-time acute exposure in Bhopal population. Epidemiological survey conducted by the Indian apex body of health research has been reported as Technical Reports, which were lacking in peer review by the expert epidemiologic scientists. The present pilot survey was aimed to measure the health effects 30 years post disaster in MIC-exposed survivors. Questionnaire-based survey has captured every health complaint in 168 individuals and grouped as systemic functions for interpreting the long-term effects of MIC...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204709/modality-of-exercise-influences-rate-of-decrease-in-depression-for-cancer-survivors-with-elevated-depressive-symptomatology
#11
Gregory T Levin, Kenneth M Greenwood, Favil Singh, Robert U Newton
PURPOSE: This three-arm feasibility controlled trial examined whether different exercise modalities provide reductions in depression symptoms to cancer survivors with elevated depression. METHODS: Thirty-two participants (58.9 ± 9.4 years) were allocated to a 12-week supervised exercise group (EX; n = 10), a self-managed home-based exercise group (SMHB; n = 8), or a usual care control group (CONT; n = 14). EX performed two supervised resistance and aerobic sessions per week...
December 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203713/therapeutic-potential-of-heat-shock-protein-induction-for-muscular-dystrophy-and-other-muscle-wasting-conditions
#12
REVIEW
Savant S Thakur, Kristy Swiderski, James G Ryall, Gordon S Lynch
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common and severe of the muscular dystrophies, a group of inherited myopathies caused by different genetic mutations leading to aberrant expression or complete absence of cytoskeletal proteins. Dystrophic muscles are prone to injury, and regenerate poorly after damage. Remorseless cycles of muscle fibre breakdown and incomplete repair lead to progressive and severe muscle wasting, weakness and premature death. Many other conditions are similarly characterized by muscle wasting, including sarcopenia, cancer cachexia, sepsis, denervation, burns, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
January 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200645/changes-in-fatigue-and-physical-function-with-age-for-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer-in-the-perioperative-period-a-comparison-between-older-and-young-patients
#13
Eisuke Kogure, Tsuyoshi Hara, Takaya Ishii, Masaharu Maeda
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine changes in fatigue and physical function with age for groups of patients with gastrointestinal cancer in the perioperative period. [Subjects and Methods] The study involved 52 patients with gastrointestinal cancer (28 males and 24 females, aged 62.4 ± 12.0 years). The subjects were divided into two groups: those 65 or over (the so-called elderly group,) and those 64 or under (the so-called young group). The six minute walk distance (6MWD), Cancer Fatigue Scale (CFS), and serum albumin (ALB) were evaluated on three occasions: before surgery, after surgery and after discharge...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199362/self-management-interventions-for-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#14
Lauren Boland, Kathleen Bennett, Deirdre Connolly
PURPOSE: Many cancer survivors experience problems with persisting symptoms such as pain, fatigue, anxiety and depression post-treatment. Self-management interventions are recommended for cancer patients as they can help individuals identify and manage these continuing symptoms. This systematic review examines the type, content and impact of self-management interventions for cancer survivors on health outcomes such as activity participation, self-efficacy, quality of life and symptom management...
December 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198853/effects-of-exercise-on-cancer-patients-suffering-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-undergoing-treatment-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Federica Duregon, Barbara Vendramin, Valentina Bullo, Stefano Gobbo, Cugusi Lucia, Andrea Di Blasio, Daniel Neunhaeuserer, Marco Zaccaria, Marco Bergamin, Andrea Ermolao
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is the most common neurological and clinically relevant side effect of many commonly used chemotherapeutic agents. Moreover, little effort has been done to investigate the potentially beneficial effects of specific exercises to counteract the CIPN symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This document aims to summarize and analyze systematically the current body of evidence about the effects of specific exercise protocols on CIPN symptoms, balance control, physical function and quality of life in patients with CIPN...
November 7, 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197960/sarcopenia-during-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-oesophageal-cancer-characterising-the-impact-on-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance
#16
Emer M Guinan, S L Doyle, A E Bennett, L O'Neill, J Gannon, J A Elliott, J O'Sullivan, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
PURPOSE: Preoperative chemo(radio)therapy for oesophageal cancer (OC) may have an attritional impact on body composition and functional status, impacting postoperative outcome. Physical decline with skeletal muscle loss has not been previously characterised in OC and may be amenable to physical rehabilitation. This study characterises skeletal muscle mass and physical performance from diagnosis to post-neoadjuvant therapy in patients undergoing preoperative chemo(radio)therapy for OC...
December 2, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197373/health-related-quality-of-life-in-long-term-survivors-of-unresectable-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#17
Juntao Ran, Jingbo Wang, Nan Bi, Wei Jiang, Zongmei Zhou, Zhouguang Hui, Jun Liang, Qinfu Feng, Luhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Heath-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors with unresectable locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy still is not clear. The current study were performed to determine HRQoL for long-term survivors with unresectable LA-NSCLC and to identify risk factors for poor HRQoL. METHODS: Among patients with LA-NSCLC receiving radiotherapy and chemotherapy between January 2006 and December 2010, 82 long-term survivors beyond 5 years were identified in this cross-sectional study...
December 2, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194928/clinical-pathway-improves-implementation-of-evidence-based-strategies-for-the-management-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-induced-side-effects-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#18
Renée Bultijnck, Inge Van de Caveye, Elke Rammant, Sofie Everaert, Nicolaas Lumen, Karel Decaestecker, Valérie Fonteyne, Benedicte Deforche, Piet Ost
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a prostate cancer (PCa) clinical pathway on the implementation of evidence-based strategies for the management of ADT-induced side effects. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A clinical pathway was introduced at hospital-level in 2015. The pathway consists out of evidence-based strategies for the management of ADT-induced side effects. All PCa patients receiving ADT for >6 months were eligible to enter the clinical pathway. Data of recommended evidence-based strategies were retrospectively extracted from electronic health records of all eligible patients in the year before (2014) and the year of implementation of the pathway (2015)...
December 1, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194066/exercise-as-an-intervention-to-mitigate-decreased-cognitive-function-from-cancer-and-cancer-treatment-an-integrative-review
#19
Jamie S Myers, Kirk I Erickson, Susan M Sereika, Catherine M Bender
BACKGROUND: Decreased cognitive function associated with non-central nervous system cancers and cancer treatment significantly affects cancer survivors' quality of life. Exercise may be an effective intervention to mitigate decreased cognitive function. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to conduct an integrative review to summarize and critique the available evidence related to the use of exercise as a potential intervention for decreased cognitive function from cancer and cancer treatment...
November 29, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193416/healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-practice-of-physical-activity-promotion-in-cancer-care-challenges-and-solutions
#20
M Cantwell, D Walsh, B Furlong, N Moyna, N McCaffrey, L Boran, S Smyth, C Woods
Limited research exists regarding healthcare professionals' knowledge and practice of physical activity promotion for cancer survivors in Ireland. There is also a lack of research identifying the barriers experienced by oncology professionals when promoting physical activity, or referring patients to community-based exercise programmes. This study aims to identify healthcare professionals' knowledge, barriers and practices in relation to physical activity promotion for cancer survivors, and to generate guidance regarding the optimisation of the referral process to community-based exercise programmes...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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