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Montreal cognitive assessment MOCA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346831/anxiety-and-depression-as-longitudinal-predictors-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#1
Antônio Carlos Cruz Freire, Milena Pereira Pondé, Aihua Liu, Jean Caron
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have dealt with the potential correlation between anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD: This longitudinal study was conducted in the city of Montreal, Canada, with 352 older adults aged 55 years or more. The participants were interviewed at baseline and again 2 years later. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score was estimated and compared between the 2 time points, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to assess major depression and anxiety, and the K10 measured high psychological distress...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346532/decline-in-changing-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-scores-is-associated-with-post-stroke-cognitive-decline-determined-by-a-formal-neuropsychological-evaluation
#2
Hui Hui Tan, Jing Xu, Hock Luen Teoh, Bernard Poon-Lap Chan, Raymond Chee Seong Seet, Narayanaswarmy Venketasubramanian, Vijay Kumar Sharma, Christopher Li-Hsian Chen, YanHong Dong
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine changes in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores within a one-year period after stroke/transient ischemic attack (TIA) in associating cognitive decline determined by a formal neuropsychological test battery. METHODS: Patients with ischemic stroke/TIA received MoCA and MMSE at baseline within 14 days after stroke/TIA, at 3-6 months and 1-year follow-ups. The scores of MoCA and MMSE were considered to have declined if there were a reduction of ≥2 points in the respective scores measured across two time points...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338380/the-association-between-physical-activity-with-cognitive-function-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#3
Hanan Khalil, Mahmoud A Alomari, Omar Khabour, Aya Al-Hieshan, Jawad A Bajwa
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of physical capacity, on the relationship of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) with cognitive function in people with PD. METHODS: Serum BDNF levels were measured in 29 PD participants and 30 healthy controls. Cognitive function was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) scale. Physical capacity was evaluated using the six minute walk distance (6-MWD). Participants were categorized into low or high physical capacity group according to their 50(th) percentile 6-MWD...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336349/decisional-capacity-for-advanced-care-directives-in-parkinson-s-disease-with-cognitive-concerns
#4
Muneer Abu Snineh, Richard Camicioli, Janis M Miyasaki
INTRODUCTION: Physician Orders for Life Sustaining Therapies (POLST) or Goals of Care (GOC) are legal documents to guide intensity of interventions (ICU, resuscitation, hospitalization or comfort care) completed by healthcare professionals following counseling of patients or their designated medical decision makers. Capacity (understanding, appreciation, reasoning and expressing a choice) to consent to POLST or GOC has not been determined among Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. We sought to assess GOC PD decisional capacity for those with cognitive complaints but not dementia...
March 8, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333925/video-based-educational-intervention-associated-with-improved-stroke-literacy-self-efficacy-and-patient-satisfaction
#5
Mary Carter Denny, Farhaan Vahidy, Kim Y T Vu, Anjail Z Sharrief, Sean I Savitz
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interventions are needed to improve stroke literacy among recent stroke survivors. We developed an educational video for patients hospitalized with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: A 5-minute stroke education video was shown to our AIS and ICH patients admitted from March to June 2015. Demographics and a 5-minute protocol Montreal Cognitive Assessment were also collected. Questions related to stroke knowledge, self-efficacy, and patient satisfaction were answered before, immediately after, and 30 days after the video...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332040/edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-italian-version-regression-based-norms-and-equivalent-scores
#6
Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Francesca Trojsi, Roberta Greco, Manuela Santoro, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Mariarosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
Cognitive assessment for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) can be difficult because of frequent occurrence of difficulties with speech, writing, and drawing. The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a recent multi-domain neuropsychological screening tool specifically devised for this purpose, and it assesses the following domains: executive functions, social cognition, verbal fluency and language (ALS-specific), but also memory and visuospatial abilities (Non-ALS specific)...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330458/the-effects-of-an-extensive-exercise-programme-on-the-progression-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Kate E Devenney, Brian Lawlor, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Stefan Schneider
BACKGROUND: Exercise interventions to prevent dementia and delay cognitive decline have gained considerable attention in recent years. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that regular physical activity targets brain function by increasing cognitive reserve. There is also evidence of structural changes caused by exercise in preventing or delaying the genesis of neurodegeneration. Although initial studies indicate enhanced cognitive performance in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) following an exercise intervention, little is known about the effect of an extensive, controlled and regular exercise regimen on the neuropathology of patients with MCI...
March 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326670/validation-of-an-informant-based-cognitive-screening-tool-for-parkinson-disease
#8
Kok-Yoon Chee, Kheng-Yee Ong, Chin-Yeat Mak, Sapini Yacob, Shen-Cheng Yeo, Nathisha Thrichelam, Deepa Darshini Amarnath, Kai-Shin Thong, Chee-Hoong Moey, Thanam Ponusamy, Shanthi Viswanathan, Santhi Puvanarajah
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to establish the psychometric properties of the AD8 Dementia Screening Interview in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) with or without cognitive impairment using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Tool (MoCA) for comparison. METHODS: The AD8 was translated into Malay for Malay-speaking participants. A correlation analysis and a receiver operator characteristic curve were generated to establish the psychometric properties of the AD8 in relation to the MoCA...
March 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319944/time-of-day-could-affect-cognitive-screening-performance-in-older-patients-with-tia-and-stroke
#9
Sara Mazzucco, Linxin Li, Maria A Tuna, Sarah T Pendlebury, Rhoda Frost, Rose Wharton, Peter M Rothwell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The impact of time-of-day on the cognitive performance of older patients with limited cognitive reserve after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke, and on short cognitive tests, such as the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), is unknown. We retrospectively studied whether morning versus afternoon assessment might affect the classification of patients aged 70 or older as severe (SCI), mild (MCI), and no (NCI) cognitive impairment by the MoCA. METHODS: Morning (12 p...
March 21, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315844/cerebral-glucose-metabolism-and-cognition-in-newly-diagnosed-parkinson-s-disease-icicle-pd-study
#10
M J Firbank, A J Yarnall, R A Lawson, G W Duncan, T K Khoo, G S Petrides, J T O'Brien, R A Barker, R J Maxwell, D J Brooks, D J Burn
OBJECTIVE: To assess reductions of cerebral glucose metabolism in Parkinson's disease (PD) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), and their associations with cognitive decline. METHODS: FDG-PET was performed on a cohort of 79 patients with newly diagnosed PD (mean disease duration 8 months) and 20 unrelated controls. PD participants were scanned while on their usual dopaminergic medication. Cognitive testing was performed at baseline, and after 18 months using the Cognitive Drug Research (CDR) and Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) computerised batteries, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)...
April 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293482/psychometric-properties-of-brief-balance-evaluation-systems-test-brief-bestest-in-evaluating-balance-performance-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke
#11
Meizhen Huang, Marco Y C Pang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of the Brief-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Brief-BESTest) in individuals with chronic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study with repeated measurements involving 50 participants with chronic stroke [mean (SD) age: 59.2 (7.3) years]. Each participant with stroke was evaluated with the Brief-BESTest, Berg balance scale (BBS), Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (PASS), Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment (FMA), Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment (CMSA), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
March 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292203/simple-screening-for-neurocognitive-impairment-in-routine-hiv-outpatient-care-is-it-deliverable
#12
Sarah Parry, Sarah Zetler, Anna Kentridge, Jenny Petrak, Tristan Barber
Routine screening for psychological and cognitive difficulties is recommended in BHIVA guidelines but screening questions are not specified and studies give varied recommendations. Our aim was to see if simple screening in the routine clinic could help better direct our referrals to psychology and highlight those patients requiring, and likely to benefit from, further assessment. We introduced brief questions to assess neurocognitive impairment (NCI) and mood into routine HIV visits, with an onward referral pathway for further investigation for those screening positive...
March 14, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290234/preliminary-validation-study-of-the-russian-birmingham-cognitive-screen
#13
E Kuzmina, G W Humphreys, M J Riddoch, A A Skvortsov, B S Weekes
INTRODUCTION: The Birmingham Cognitive Screen (BCoS) is designed for use with individuals who have acquired language impairment following stroke. Our goal was to develop a Russian version of the BCoS (Rus-BCoS) by translating the battery following cultural and linguistic adaptations and establishing preliminary data on its psychometric properties. METHOD: Fifty patients with left-hemisphere stroke were recruited, of whom 98% were diagnosed with mild to moderate aphasia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274963/mri-based-comparative-study-of-different-mild-cognitive-impairment-subtypes-protocol-for-an-observational-case-control-study
#14
Yang Yu, Weina Zhao, Siou Li, Changhao Yin
INTRODUCTION: Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and vascular mild cognitive impairment (VaMCI) comprise the 2 main types of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The first condition generally progresses to Alzheimer's disease, whereas the second is likely to develop into vascular dementia (VD). The brain structure and function of patients with MCI differ from those of normal elderly individuals. However, whether brain structures or functions differ between these 2 MCI subtypes has not been studied...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270249/errors-on-the-moca-s-animal-naming-findings-from-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#15
Yassar Alamri, Tim Anderson, John Dalrymple-Alford, Michael Macaskill
We read the findings by Cecato et al. (2016) with great interest. In their study, naming the rhinoceros discriminated between patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) but not healthy controls (HC). Of note, HC participants were significantly younger than aMCI and AD patients. All participants were administered the original version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) instrument.
March 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264749/mace-versus-moca-equivalence-or-superiority-pragmatic-diagnostic-test-accuracy-study
#16
A J Larner
BACKGROUND: The Mini-Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (MACE) is a new brief cognitive screening instrument for dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Historical data suggest that MACE may be comparable to the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), a well-established cognitive screening instrument, in secondary care settings, but no head-to-head study has been reported hitherto. METHODS: A pragmatic diagnostic accuracy study of MACE and MoCA was undertaken in consecutive patients referred over the course of one year to a neurology-led Cognitive Function Clinic, comparing their performance for the diagnosis of dementia and MCI using various test metrics...
March 7, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260915/prevalence-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-employable-patients-after-acute-coronary-event-in-cardiac-rehabilitation
#17
Annett Salzwedel, Maria-Dorothea Heidler, Kathrin Haubold, Martin Schikora, Rona Reibis, Karl Wegscheider, Michael Jöbges, Heinz Völler
INTRODUCTION: Adequate cognitive function in patients is a prerequisite for successful implementation of patient education and lifestyle coping in comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs. Although the association between cardiovascular diseases and cognitive impairments (CIs) is well known, the prevalence particularly of mild CI in CR and the characteristics of affected patients have been insufficiently investigated so far. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 496 patients (54...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251464/serum-uric-acid-levels-and-freezing-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#18
Ruwei Ou, Bei Cao, Qianqian Wei, Yanbing Hou, Yaqian Xu, Wei Song, Bi Zhao, Huifang Shang
Uric acid (UA) is a natural antioxidant and iron scavenger in the human body, which has been hypothesized to exert an anti-oxidative effect in Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aimed to investigate the relationship between serum UA levels and freezing of gait (FOG) in PD. A total of 321 Chinese PD patients with fasting serum UA evaluated were included in the cross-sectional study. Demographics, clinical features, and therapeutic regimen were collected. The Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) III and Hoehn and Yahr (H and Y) stage were used to evaluate the severity of disease, and the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scales were used to assess the cognitive function...
March 1, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239668/evaluation-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-population-with-hypertension-from-a-low-resource-setting-agreement-and-bias-between-screening-tools
#19
María Lazo-Porras, María A Pesantes, J Jaime Miranda, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of cognitive impairment in adulthood merits attention in societies in transition and especially in people with chronic diseases. Screening tools available for clinical practice and epidemiological studies have been designed in high-income but not in resource-constrained settings. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement and bias of three common tools used for screening of cognitive impairment in people with hypertension: the modified Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and the Leganés Cognitive Test (LCT)...
December 2016: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238740/bridging-cognitive-screening-tests-in-neurologic-disorders-a-crosswalk-between-the-short-montreal-cognitive-assessment-and-mini-mental-state-examination
#20
David R Roalf, Tyler M Moore, Dawn Mechanic-Hamilton, David A Wolk, Steven E Arnold, Daniel A Weintraub, Paul J Moberg
INTRODUCTION: To provide a crosswalk between the recently proposed short Montreal Cognitive Assessment (s-MoCA) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) within a clinical cohort. METHODS: A total of 791 participants, with and without neurologic conditions, received both the MMSE and the MoCA at the same visit. s-MoCA scores were calculated and equipercentile equating was used to create a crosswalk between the s-MoCA and MMSE. RESULTS: As expected, s-MoCA scores were highly correlated (Pearson r = 0...
February 24, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
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