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Montreal cognitive assessment MOCA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210062/cognitive-function-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-participating-in-synchronized-swimming-exercise
#1
Etsuko Maeshima, Yuka Okumura, Juri Tatsumi, Sayaka Tomokane, Akiko Ikeshima
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine cognitive function in middle-aged and older adults regularly engaging in synchronized swimming-exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three female synchronized swimmers ranging in age from 49 to 85 years were recruited for the present study. The duration of synchronized swimming experience ranged from 1 to 39 years. The control group consisted of 36 age- and gender-matched community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults (age range: 49 to 77 years)...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208082/cognitive-impairment-in-the-first-year-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Mariana Ramalho, Filipa Fontes, Luís Ruano, Susana Pereira, Nuno Lunet
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the relation between cancer treatments and incident cognitive impairment in breast cancer patients, taking into account the levels of anxiety before treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study with 418 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients with no cognitive impairment, defined as values at least 1.5 standard deviations below age- and education-adjusted cut-offs in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), at baseline...
February 13, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199994/association-between-montreal-cognitive-assessment-sub-item-scores-and-corresponding-cognitive-test-performance-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-dementia-and-related-disorders
#3
Kristy K L Coleman, Brenda L Coleman, Julia D MacKinley, Stephen H Pasternak, Elizabeth C Finger
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), a brief screening test developed to detect patients with mild cognitive impairment, is used in clinical settings across North America [Nasreddine et al.: J Am Geriatr Soc 2005;53:695-699]. The MoCA has been demonstrated to be sensitive to cognitive deficits in frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and related disorders [Coleman et al.: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2016;30:258-263]. Given attentional impairments in patients with FTD, whether and to what extent the abbreviated items on the MoCA may predict performance on corresponding assessments is not known...
February 16, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177556/pattern-and-related-factors-of-cognitive-impairment-among-chronic-methamphetamine-users
#4
Tong-Yu Wang, Teng-Teng Fan, Yan-Ping Bao, Xiao-Dong Li, Chun-Mei Liang, Ru-Jia Wang, Jun Ma, Ying Han, Shi-Qiu Meng, Ping Wu, Jie Shi, Lin Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Methamphetamine (MA) use is increasingly prevalent in East and Southeast Asia and commonly associated with cognitive impairment. The present study estimated the characteristics of cognitive impairment and explored the associated potential factors among chronic MA users. METHODS: The data were from the baseline visit of a longitudinal study among synthetic drug users. The baseline survey was conducted in detoxification and rehabilitation centers in Guangdong province, China, from September to December in 2013...
February 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155182/italians-do-it-worse-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-optimal-cut-off-scores-for-people-with-probable-alzheimer-s-disease-and-with-probable-cognitive-impairment
#5
Andrea Bosco, Giuseppina Spano, Alessandro O Caffò, Antonella Lopez, Ignazio Grattagliano, Giuseppe Saracino, Katia Pinto, Frans Hoogeveen, Giulio E Lancioni
Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) is a test providing a brief screening for people with cognitive impairment due to aging or neurodegenerative syndromes. In Italy, as in the rest of the world, several validation studies of MoCA have been carried out. This study compared, for the first time in Italy, a sample of people with probable Alzheimer's Disease (AD) with healthy counterparts. The study also compared two community-dwelling groups of aged participants with and without probable cognitive impairment, as discriminated by two cut-off points of adjusted MMSE score...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145815/dl-3-n-butylphthalide-can-improve-the-cognitive-function-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-intervention-study
#6
Haiqing Yan, Zhixin Yan, Xiaolu Niu, Jianling Wang, Yongkun Gui, Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effects of dl-3-n-butylphthalide on cognitive function of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with AIS admitted between October 2012 and June 2013 were assigned to either the Treatment (standardized treatment plus dl-3-n-butylphthalide) or Control (standardized treatment alone) groups. Cognitive function was assessed by the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-BJ) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) before and 1 month after treatment, when high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and homocysteine (Hcy) were also detected...
February 1, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144192/predictability-of-social-anamnestic-variables-on-receptive-vocabulary-and-cognitive-functioning-of-the-elderly-population
#7
Amela Ibrahimagic, Lejla Junuzovic Zunic, Mirsada Rasidovic, Bojan Radic, Ahmet Kantic
INTRODUCTION: Aging, as an irrepressible biological process involves a series of physiological and pathological changes. The main aim of this study was to examine the correlation and predictability of receptive vocabulary and cognitive functioning of elderly people with anamnestic variables: chronological age, sex, level of formal education, marital status, years of work and retirement and years spent in an institution for the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of participants consisted of 120 elderly people, average age was 78 years, placed in institutional care for elderly people in four cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131163/the-test-accuracy-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-by-stroke-lateralisation
#8
Edgar Chan, Samantha Altendorff, Colm Healy, David J Werring, Lisa Cipolotti
BACKGROUND: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is an increasingly popular screening tool for detecting cognitive impairment post-stroke. However its' test accuracy by stroke lateralisation is as yet unknown. AIM: Our aim was to investigate whether the test accuracy of the MoCA differs by stroke lateralisation across different cognitive domains. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the cognitive profiles of 228 subacute stroke patients (86 Left, 142 Right), comparing MoCA-total and domain-specific scores with performance on detailed neuropsychological assessment...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131162/resting-state-fmri-regional-homogeneity-correlates-with-cognition-measures-in-subcortical-vascular-cognitive-impairment
#9
Stefano Diciotti, Stefano Orsolini, Emilia Salvadori, Antonio Giorgio, Nicola Toschi, Stefano Ciulli, Andrea Ginestroni, Anna Poggesi, Nicola De Stefano, Leonardo Pantoni, Domenico Inzitari, Mario Mascalchi
BACKGROUND: The hyperintensity of cerebral white matter (WM) in T2-weighted MR images of elderly subjects due to small vessel disease (SVD) is associated with variable clinical features including mild cognitive impairment (MCI), also termed subcortical vascular cognitive impairment (SVCI). The latter is typically characterized by psychomotor slowing, attention deficits, and executive dysfunctions. We hypothesized that functional brain changes might be associated with these distinctive cognitive deficits in patients with SVCI...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125616/evaluating-the-effect-of-cognitive-dysfunction-on-mental-imagery-in-patients-with-stroke-using-temporal-congruence-and-the-imagined-timed-up-and-go-test-itug
#10
Maxime Geiger, Céline Bonnyaud, Yves-André Fery, Bernard Bussel, Nicolas Roche
BACKGROUND: Motor imagery (MI) capacity may be altered following stroke. MI is evaluated by measuring temporal congruence between the timed performance of an imagined and an executed task. Temporal congruence between imagined and physical gait-related activities has not been evaluated following stroke. Moreover, the effect of cognitive dysfunction on temporal congruence is not known. OBJECTIVE: To assess temporal congruence between the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and the imagined TUG (iTUG) tests in patients with stroke and to investigate the role played by cognitive dysfunctions in changes in temporal congruence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122474/screening-for-neurocognitive-impairment-in-hiv-positive-adults-aged-50-years-and-older-montreal-cognitive-assessment-relates-to-self-reported-and-clinician-rated-everyday-functioning
#11
P L Fazeli, K B Casaletto, E Paolillo, R C Moore, D J Moore, The Hnrp Group
As the HIV+ population ages, the risk for and need to screen for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) increases. The aim of this study is to determine the utility and ecological validity of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) among older HIV+ adults. A total of 100 HIV+ older adults aged 50 years or over completed a comprehensive neuromedical and neurocognitive battery, including the MoCA and several everyday functioning measures. The receiver operating characteristic curve indicates ≤26 as the optimal cut-off balancing sensitivity (84...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118690/poststroke-qeeg-informs-early-prognostication-of-cognitive-impairment
#12
Emma Schleiger, Andrew Wong, Stephen Read, Tennille Rowland, Simon Finnigan
Cognitive impairment is a common consequence of stroke, but remains difficult to predict. We investigate the ability of early QEEG assessment to inform such prediction, using binary logistic regression. Thirty-five patients (12 female, ages 18-87) suffering middle cerebral artery, ischemic stroke were studied. Resting-state EEG was recorded 48-239 h after symptom onset. Relative power for delta, theta, alpha, and beta bands, delta:alpha ratio, and peak alpha frequency were analyzed. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was administered, where possible, on day of EEG and at median 99 days (range 69-138) poststroke...
February 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108207/cognitive-impairment-is-very-common-in-elderly-patients-with-syncope-and-unexplained-falls
#13
Susanne C de Ruiter, Jos F M de Jonghe, Tjeerd Germans, Jaap H Ruiter, René W M M Jansen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI), including mild CI and dementia, in elderly patients with syncope and unexplained falls. In this population, we compared the use of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) with a cognitive screening test that assesses executive dysfunction typical of subcortical (vascular) CI, that is, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient fall and syncope clinic...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105372/association-between-central-blood-pressure-arterial-stiffness-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
R Suleman, R Padwal, P Hamilton, A Senthilselvan, K Alagiakrishnan
BACKGROUND: To determine the relationship between central blood pressure (CBP) indices and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in adults over the age of 50. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted using a non-invasive SphygmoCor XCEL device. CBP indices and brachial blood pressure were measured in 50 inpatients and outpatients. MCI was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) instrument and by the European Consortium Criteria (ECC). RESULTS: Seventy-six percent of subjects had hypertension, and 52% were diagnosed as having MCI using the ECC...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078566/an-eye-tracking-controlled-neuropsychological-battery-for-cognitive-assessment-in-neurological-diseases
#15
Barbara Poletti, Laura Carelli, Federica Solca, Annalisa Lafronza, Elisa Pedroli, Andrea Faini, Stefano Zago, Nicola Ticozzi, Andrea Ciammola, Claudia Morelli, Paolo Meriggi, Pietro Cipresso, Dorothée Lulé, Albert C Ludolph, Giuseppe Riva, Vincenzo Silani
Traditional cognitive assessment in neurological conditions involving physical disability is often prevented by the presence of verbal-motor impairment; to date, an extensive motor-verbal-free neuropsychological battery is not available for such purposes. We adapted a set of neuropsychological tests, assessing language, attentional abilities, executive functions and social cognition, for eye-tracking (ET) control, and explored its feasibility in a sample of healthy participants. Thirty healthy subjects performed a neuropsychological assessment, using an ET-based neuropsychological battery, together with standard "paper and pencil" cognitive measures for frontal (Frontal Assessment Battery-FAB) and working memory abilities (Digit Sequencing Task) and for global cognitive efficiency (Montreal Cognitive Assessment-MoCA)...
January 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041652/abnormal-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-type-2-diabetic-retinopathy-revealed-by-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#16
Z-L Wang, L Zou, Z-W Lu, X-Q Xie, Z-Z Jia, C-J Pan, G-X Zhang, X-M Ge
AIM: To explore the altered spontaneous cerebral activity patterns and impaired functional regions in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) based on the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with DR (mean age, 54.9±9.9 years; 11 females) and 17 healthy control subjects (54.8±5.7 years; 9 females) were prospectively studied. The DR patients underwent laboratory tests...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039795/visuomotor-adaptability-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-decline
#17
Jeffrey Schaffert, Chi-Mei Lee, Rebecca Neill, Jin Bo
The current study examined the augmentation of error feedback on visuomotor adaptability in older adults with varying degrees of cognitive decline (assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment; MoCA). Twenty-three participants performed a center-out computerized visuomotor adaptation task when the visual feedback of their hand movement error was presented in a regular (ratio=1:1) or enhanced (ratio=1:2) error feedback schedule. Results showed that older adults with lower scores on the MoCA had less adaptability than those with higher MoCA scores during the regular feedback schedule...
February 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013571/short-montreal-cognitive-assessment
#18
A J Larner
The diagnostic accuracy of the short Montreal Cognitive Assessment (s-MoCA), a cognitive screening instrument recently derived by item response theory and computerized adaptive testing from the original MoCA, for the diagnosis of dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was assessed in 2 patient cohorts referred to a dedicated memory clinic in order to examine the validity and reproducibility of s-MoCA. Diagnosis used standard clinical diagnostic criteria for dementia and MCI as reference standard (prevalence of cognitive impairment = 0...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008314/cognitive-aging-and-the-hippocampus-in-older-adults
#19
Andrew O'Shea, Ronald A Cohen, Eric C Porges, Nicole R Nissim, Adam J Woods
The hippocampus is one of the most well studied structures in the human brain. While age-related decline in hippocampal volume is well documented, most of our knowledge about hippocampal structure-function relationships was discovered in the context of neurological and neurodegenerative diseases. The relationship between cognitive aging and hippocampal structure in the absence of disease remains relatively understudied. Furthermore, the few studies that have investigated the role of the hippocampus in cognitive aging have produced contradictory results...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005183/altered-gray-matter-volume-in-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-subclinical-cognitive-impairment-an-exploratory-study
#20
Chunrong Wang, Yanhui Ding, Bixian Shen, Dehong Gao, Jie An, Kewen Peng, Gangqiang Hou, Liqiu Zou, Mei Jiang, Shijun Qiu
Gray matter volume deficits have been identified in cognitively impaired patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, it remains unknown whether the gray matter volume is altered in COPD patients with subclinical cognitive impairment. To determine whether any gray matter abnormalities are present in these patients, neuropsychological tests and structural MRI data were analyzed from 60 patients with COPD and 60 age-, gender-, education-, and handedness-matched normal controls (NCs). The COPD patients had similar Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores compared with the NCs...
December 22, 2016: Neurotoxicity Research
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