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wheel chair

Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Osnat Atun-Einy, Insaf Khoury-Assaf
PURPOSE: To review the literature on the existent evidence considering the use of power wheel chair (PWC) for children with DMD who can still walk independently. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted through nine databases by the three authors independently. Both quantitative and qualitative research designs were considered for inclusion. Studies were included only if the study population consisted of ambulatory children diagnosed with DMD. Data extraction was on participant characteristics, level of walking and on outcomes in term of impairment, function and participation domains (ICF, World Health Organization, 2001) in accordance to a structured diagram by the three authors independently...
October 9, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Pankaj P Dangle, Omar Ayyash, Audry Kang, Carlton Bates, Janelle Fox, Heidi Stephany, Glenn Cannon
OBJECTIVE: To asses if cystatin c calculated GFR can reveal CKD not detected by creatinine-based calculations in a larger prospective cohort of children with MMC. Wheel chair bound meningomyelocele (MMC) patients frequently have low muscle mass, and assessing renal deterioration based on creatinine based glomerular filtration rate is imprecise. MMC patients are also at risk for end stage renal disease. METHODS: Prospectively enrolled patients with MMC underwent annual serum creatinine and cystatin c testing...
August 16, 2016: Urology
Abdallah Fayssoil, Arnaud Lazarus, Karim Wahbi, Adam Ogna, Olivier Nardi, Frederic Lofaso, Bernard Clair, David Orlikowski, Djillali Annane
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Muscular dystrophies are genetic muscle disorders, in which heart involvement and chronic respiratory impairment affect survival. Cardiac conduction disturbances require implantable cardiac pacemaker. Implantable defibrillators may also be necessary to prevent cardiac sudden death. The safety and risk of cardiac electronic devices' implantation are not known in patients with muscular dystrophy. We aimed to assess the risks related to cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) in muscular dystrophy patients ventilated by tracheostomy...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Holger Godry, Mustafa Citak, Matthias Königshausen, Thomas A Schildhauer, Dominik Seybold
In case of patients with spinal cord injury and concomitant acromioclavicular (AC) joint-dislocation the treatment is challenging, as in this special patient group the function of the shoulder joint is critical because patients depend on the upper limb for mobilization and wheelchair-locomotion. Therefore the goal of this study was to examine, if the treatment of chronic AC-joint dislocation using the Weaver-Dunn procedure augmented with a hook-plate in patients with a spinal cord injury makes early postoperative wheelchair mobilization and the wheelchair transfer with full weight-bearing possible...
June 27, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Mette Cathrine Ørngreen
The main purpose of the following studies was to investigate pathophysiological mechanisms in fat and carbohydrate metabolism and effect of nutritional interventions in patients with metabolic myopathies and in patients with severe muscle wasting. Yet there is no cure for patients with skeletal muscle disorders. The group of patients is heterozygous and this thesis is focused on patients with metabolic myopathies and low muscle mass due to severe muscle wasting. Disorders of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) are, along with myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle disease), the most common inborn errors of metabolism leading to recurrent episodes of rhabdomyolysis in adults...
July 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Byoung-Hwan Oh, Sung-Hyoun Cho, Jong-Won Lee, Chan-Woo Nam
[Purpose] Most such studies have been limited to evaluating the muscle activity patterns of lower extremity muscles using surface electromyograms, but studies of muscle activity patterns according to chair types are lacking. [Subjects and Methods] In the present study, 52 university students in their 20s (26 males, 26 females) were selected in order to analyze the activity of five lower extremity muscles (vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, vastus medialis, tibialis anterior, and gastrocnemius). The selected subjects had sufficient muscle strength for the experiment and normal joint range of motion...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Korravarn Yodmai, Sipapa Phummarak, Jonathan C Sirisuth, Ramesh Kumar, Ratana Somrongthong
BACKGROUND: Thailand is the country where large numbers of old population are living in rural areas. Multiple factors are influencing the health of old people but falling is the biggest cause affecting their quality of life. This study explores the relationship between the quality of life, and fear of fall among aging people in the semi-rural, Thailand. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted on 394 old aged individuals living in Nakornnayok Province. Participants were selected through simple random method (SRM) from village population list...
October 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Ryewon Ma, Dukyoo Jung
PURPOSE: This study was done to develop a postural-stability patient transfer technique for care helpers in nursing homes and to evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: Four types of patient transfer techniques (Lifting towards the head board of the bed, turning to the lateral position, sitting upright on the bed, transferring from wheel chair to bed) were practiced in accordance with the following three methods; Care helpers habitually used transfer methods (Method 1), patient transfer methods according to care helper standard textbooks (Method 2), and a method developed by the author ensuring postural-stability (Method 3)...
February 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Marios Panas, Konstantinos Spengos, Georgios Koutsis, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Konstantinos Sfagos, Nikolaos Kalfakis, Dimitris Vassilopoulos
BACKGROUND: Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome is characterized by pyramidal and extrapyramidal signs, and dysarthria and dementia. Psychiatric symptomatology can emerge in the course of the disorder. Mutations in the pantothenate kinase 2 gene have been found in many cases. We report a case with psychosis as sole presenting symptom. CASE: A 41-year-old man presented with change in behavior and paranoid delusional ideation. Six months later, spasticity, extrapyramidal rigidity and dysarthria were added to the picture...
April 2007: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Brett Erickson, Masih A Hosseini, Parry Singh Mudhar, Maryam Soleimani, Arina Aboonabi, Siamak Arzanpour, Carolyn J Sparrey
BACKGROUND: To reduce the occurrence of wheelchair falls and to develop effective protection systems, we aimed to quantify sideways tip and fall dynamics of electric power wheelchairs (EPWs). We hypothesized that driving speed, curb height and angle of approach would affect impact forces and head injury risk for wheelchair riders. We further expected that fall dynamics and head injury risk would be greater for unrestrained riders compared to restrained riders. METHODS: Sideways wheelchair tip and fall dynamics were reconstructed using a remotely operated rear wheel drive EPW and a Hybrid III test dummy driving at different approach angles (5 to 63°) over an adjustable height curb (0...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Karolina M Stepien, Christian J Hendriksz, Mark Roberts, Reena Sharma
Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive disease resulting from deficiency of the acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). The late-onset Pompe Disease (LOPD) patients develop muscular and respiratory complications later in life. We describe a retrospective observational cohort study including 22 patients with LOPD. The cohort was assessed at baseline before Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT) with alglucosidase alpha (20mg/kg biweekly) was commenced and subsequently relevant information was collected at 2, 4 and 5years later...
April 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Stephen Sprigle, Morris Huang
Propulsion effort of manual wheelchairs, a major determinant of user mobility, is a function of human biomechanics and mechanical design. Human studies that investigate both variables simultaneously have resulted in largely inconsistent outcomes, motivating the implementation of a robotic propulsion system that characterizes the inherent mechanical performance of wheelchairs. This study investigates the impacts of mass and mass distribution on manual wheelchair propulsion by configuring an ultra-lightweight chair to two weights (12-kg and 17...
2015: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Javier Asensio-Cubero, John Q Gan, Ramaswamy Palaniappan
Multiresolution analysis (MRA) over graph representation of EEG data has proved to be a promising method for offline brain-computer interfacing (BCI) data analysis. For the first time we aim to prove the feasibility of the graph lifting transform in an online BCI system. Instead of developing a pointer device or a wheel-chair controller as test bed for human-machine interaction, we have designed and developed an engaging game which can be controlled by means of imaginary limb movements. Some modifications to the existing MRA analysis over graphs for BCI have also been proposed, such as the use of common spatial patterns for feature extraction at the different levels of decomposition, and sequential floating forward search as a best basis selection technique...
January 1, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Nyamkhishig Sambuughin, Lev G Goldfarb, Tatiana M Sivtseva, Tatiana K Davydova, Vsevolod A Vladimirtsev, Vladimir L Osakovskiy, Al'bina P Danilova, Raisa S Nikitina, Anastasia N Ylakhova, Margarita P Diachkovskaya, Anna C Sundborger, Neil M Renwick, Fyodor A Platonov, Jenny E Hinshaw, Camilo Toro
BACKGROUND: Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) represents a large group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders linked to over 70 different loci and more than 60 recognized disease-causing genes. A heightened vulnerability to disruption of various cellular processes inherent to the unique function and morphology of corticospinal neurons may account, at least in part, for the genetic heterogeneity. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was utilized to identify candidate genetic variants in a four-generation Siberian kindred that includes nine individuals showing clinical features of HSP...
2015: BMC Neurology
I Rice, J Dysterheft, A W Bleakney, R A Cooper
Our purpose was to examine the influence of glove type on kinetic and spatiotemporal parameters at the handrim in elite wheelchair racers. Elite wheelchair racers (n=9) propelled on a dynamometer in their own racing chairs with a force and moment sensing wheel attached. Racers propelled at 3 steady state speeds (5.36, 6.26 & 7.60 m/s) and performed one maximal effort sprint with 2 different glove types (soft & solid). Peak resultant force, peak torque, impulse, contact angle, braking torque, push time, velocity, and stroke frequency were recorded for steady state and sprint conditions...
January 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Shraddha Diwan, Jasmin Diwan, Ankita B Bansal, Pankaj R Patel
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy, although having similar diagnosis, varies in their abilities & level of functioning within & across different environmental context e.g. home, school or community setting. Capacity (what a child can do in standardized, controlled environment) may or may not be the same as performance (what a child actually does do in her/her daily environment). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After getting approval from Institutional Ethic's Committee (IEC), 63 children with cerebral palsy (4-16 year, mean 7...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Baolai Hua, Xiaoyun Lian, Kuixing Li, Adrienne Lee, Man-Chiu Poon, Yongqiang Zhao
Full-dose prophylaxis treatment for persons with haemophilia is not affordable in China due to its economic constraints, particularly in adults requiring higher clotting factor (CFC) doses. Low-dose tertiary prophylaxis for adults with severe haemophilia A (SHA) in Beijing became feasible and implemented when government insurance covering 85% CFC cost in Beijing began in December 2009. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of low-dose tertiary prophylaxis in SHA adults. Analysis of data on 33 patients on low-dose tertiary prophylaxis (5-10 IU/kg, two to three times per week) at the Haemophilia Treatment Center, Peking Union Medical College Hospital between December 2009 and December 2013...
March 2016: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
Francyne Kubaski, Shunji Tomatsu, Pravin Patel, Tsutomu Shimada, Li Xie, Eriko Yasuda, Robert Mason, William G Mackenzie, Mary Theroux, Michael B Bober, Helen M Oldham, Tadao Orii, Thomas H Shaffer
In clinical practice, respiratory function tests are difficult to perform in Morquio syndrome patients due to their characteristic skeletal dysplasia, small body size and lack of cooperation of young patients, where in some cases, conventional spirometry for pulmonary function is too challenging. To establish feasible clinical pulmonary endpoints and determine whether age impacts lung function in Morquio patients non-invasive pulmonary tests and conventional spirometry were evaluated. The non-invasive pulmonary tests: impulse oscillometry system, pneumotachography, and respiratory inductance plethysmography in conjunction with conventional spirometry were evaluated in twenty-two Morquio patients (18 Morquio A and 4 Morquio B) (7 males), ranging from 3 to 40 years of age...
August 2015: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Marie-France Weiner, John R Silver
Wheelchairs are a major advance in enabling independence for people with walking difficulties. The first self-propelled wheelchair has been attributed to John Joseph Merlin, the 'ingenious mechanick', in the early 19th century and his 'gouty chair' is exhibited at Kenwood House. Research would suggest that comparable chairs existed in France as early as 1751 and the French Revolutionary, Georges Couthon, used one to get around Paris. A later design, also attributed to Merlin, the invalid wheelchair, features large wheels with outer hoops for the occupant to grasp and this is the true ancestor of the modern wheelchair...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
I Georgescu, Șt Gavriliu, I Nepaliuc, L Munteanu, I Țiripa, R Ghiță, E Japie, S Hamei, C Dughilă, M Macadon
BACKGROUND: Varus or valgus deviations of the femoral neck in osteogenesis imperfecta have been an ignored chapter because the classic correction procedures were applied in medical practice with unsatisfying results. Until the use of telescopic rods, coronal deviations remained unsolved and the distal configuration of the proximal femoral extremity remained uncorrected or partially corrected, which required an extensive use of the wheel chair or bed immobilization of the patient. The concomitant correction of the complex deformities, coxa vara/valga and femoral integrated configuration, have been a progress which allowed the patients to walk with or without support...
October 2014: Journal of Medicine and Life
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