Read by QxMD icon Read

Ankle sprain sport

Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Pascal Edouard, Jean-Michel Serra, Pierre Hertert, Emmanuelle Cugy, Nicolas Morel, Martine Prevost, Frédéric Depiesse
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of injuries is the first step in the sports injuries prevention. In this context, the IAAF and EA have implemented a prospective injury follow-up during their international athletics championships since 2007, and the FFA initiated since the French championships in 2014. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries during the French Elite championships. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period of the outdoor and indoor French Elite championships, all newly occurring injuries were recorded by the local medical team...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Pascal Edouard, Emmanuelle Cugy, Romain Dolin, Nicolas Morel, Kathrin Steffen
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of injuries in athletics is important, with consequences at short and long terms in sport, health, social and professional levels. It is therefore important to define strategies to reduce the incidence and severity of injuries in athletics. The objective of this study was to determine whether an injury prevention program (IPP) can reduce the occurrence and/or severity of injuries related to the practice of athletics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The IPP has been developed, based on current scientific knowledge, targeting exercises on the most common injuries in athletics (hamstring muscle injury, Achilles and patellar tendinopathy, low back pain, ankle sprain) and selecting exercises known to treat and/or prevent these injuries (care stability, hamstrings and leg eccentric muscle strengthening, pelvis balance and stabilizing work)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Cynthia J Wright, Shelley W Linens, Mary Spencer Cain
CONTEXT: There is minimal patient-oriented evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions targeted to reduce symptoms associated with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Additionally, clinicians aiming to prioritize care by implementing only the most effective components of a rehabilitative program have very little evidence on comparative efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the comparative efficacy of two common ankle rehabilitation techniques [wobble board (WB) balance training and ankle strengthening using resistance tubing (RT)] using patient-oriented outcomes...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Marie-Lyne Nault, Laurence Gascon, Jonah Hébert-Davies, Stéphane Leduc, G Yves Laflamme, Dennis Kramer
BACKGROUND: The hypothesis of this study is that a sprain or tear of 1 or more of the 3 syndesmotic ligaments will result in a significant change in the osseous anatomy relationship when comparing injured to uninjured syndesmosis. Our secondary objective was to determine whether injuries to the syndesmosis as diagnosed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could be found using static imaging. METHODS: This is a descriptive radiological study of ankle MRI reports over a 12-year period, from 2 different institutions, and divided in two groups: normal and injured syndesmotic ligaments...
September 13, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Nicholas A Smith, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Huiyun Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of youth soccer-related injuries treated in emergency departments in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of soccer-related injuries among children 7 through 17 years of age from 1990 through 2014 with data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Injury rates were calculated from soccer participation data. RESULTS: An estimated 2 995 765 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2 309 112-3 682 418) children 7 through 17 years old were treated in US emergency departments for soccer-related injuries during the 25-year study period, averaging 119 831 (95% CI, 92 364-147 297) annually...
September 12, 2016: Pediatrics
Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Marta Vergara-Vila, Sandra Val-Otero, Cristina Rivera-Prieto, Daniel Pecos-Martin, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Natalia Romero-Franco
BACKGROUND: Recurrent ankle sprains often involve residual symptoms for which subjects often perform proprioceptive or/and strengthening exercises. However, the effectiveness of mobilization to influence important nerve structures due to its anatomical distribution like tibial and peroneal nerves is unclear. OBJETIVES: To analyze the effects of proprioceptive/strengthening exercises versus the same exercises and manual therapy including mobilizations to influence joint and nerve structures in the management of recurrent ankle sprains...
August 29, 2016: Manual Therapy
Frances C Gilbert, G Trey Burdette, A Barry Joyner, Tracy A Llewellyn, Thomas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Concussions have been associated with elevated musculoskeletal injury risk; however, the influence of unreported and unrecognized concussions has not been investigated. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between concussion and lower extremity musculoskeletal injury rates across a diverse array of sports among collegiate student-athletes at the conclusion of their athletic career. The hypothesis was that there will be a positive association between athletes who reported a history of concussions and higher rates of lower extremity injuries...
September 1, 2016: Sports Health
Ki-Won Young, Young-Uk Park, Jin-Su Kim, Hun-Ki Cho, Ho-Sik Choo, Jang-Ho Park
BACKGROUND: The talus has a very complex anatomical morphology and is mainly fractured by a major force caused by a fall or a traffic accident. Therefore, a talus fracture is not common. However, many recent reports have shown that minor injuries, such as sprains and slips during sports activities, can induce a talar fracture especially in the lateral or posterior process. Still, fractures to the main parts of the talus (neck and body) after ankle sprains have not been reported as occult fractures...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Karen G Roos, Zachary Y Kerr, Timothy C Mauntel, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Erik A Wickstrom
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are a common injury in collegiate sports. Few studies have examined the epidemiology of individual ligament injuries, specifically the lateral ligament complex (LLC) of the ankle. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology, including the estimated yearly national incidence, of LLC sprains among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Injury surveillance data for 25 sports from the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA-ISP) for the academic years 2009-2010 to 2014-2015 were used for analysis...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
André Kenzo Saito, Martina Navarro, Marcelo Faria Silva, Eduardo Kenzo Arie, Maria Stella Peccin
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there is any difference in the oscillation of the plantar pressure center in single-leg stance between athletes and non-athletes with and without ankle sprains. METHODS: 54 volunteers performed four static assessments and one dynamic assessment while standing on one foot on a baropodometer, barefoot, for 10 s in each test. The variables of area (cm(2)), distance (cm), anteroposterior oscillation (cm), mediolateral oscillation (cm) and mean velocity (cm/s) were analyzed...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Sheng-Che Yen, Marie B Corkery, Amy Donohoe, Maddison Grogan, Yi-Ning Wu
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Recurrent ankle sprains associated with chronic ankle instability (CAI) occur not only in challenging sports but also in daily walking. Understanding whether and how CAI alters feedback and feedforward controls during walking may be important for developing interventions for CAI prevention or treatment. Objective To understand whether CAI is associated with changes in feedback and feedforward control when individuals with CAI are subjected to experimental perturbation during walking...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Courtney A Webster, Maury A Nussbaum
CONTEXT: Fatigue could contribute to ankle-sprain injuries during sport, particularly for individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). OBJECTIVE: To examine whether adults with or without CAI develop fatigue at similar rates when performing ankle exercises at the same relative effort level and whether these groups differ in their subjective perceptions of fatigue. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. SETTING: Biomechanics research laboratory...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Isabelle Senécal, Nadia Richer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pain and functional improvements of a patient with posterior ankle impingement following a treatment plan incorporating soft tissue therapy, chiropractic adjustment and a progressive rehabilitation program. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 37-year- old male presented with posterolateral ankle pain exacerbated by plantar flexion two weeks after sustaining an inversion ankle sprain. Oedema was present and the patient was describing a sensation of instability while walking...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
A Thiounn, C Szymanski, C Lalanne, K Soudy, X Demondion, C Maynou
INTRODUCTION: Foot and ankle injuries (FAI) are very common, with about 6000 cases per day in France. Unlike lateral ankle sprain (LAS), the diagnosis of midtarsal joint sprain (MJS, also known as Chopart's joint sprain) is not widely known. This prospective study aims to detail the epidemiology of MJS and compare it to LAS. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The study was conducted within our institution over a period of 16 months. Patients with clinical signs predictive of MJS without radiographic bone lesion underwent ultrasound assessment...
September 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Bart Dingenen, Bart Malfait, Stefaan Nijs, Koen H E Peers, Styn Vereecken, Sabine M P Verschueren, Luc Janssens, Filip F Staes
Study Design Controlled laboratory study with a prospective cohort design. Background Postural stability deficits during single-leg stance have been reported in persons with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, ACL reconstruction, and chronic ankle instability. It remains unclear whether impaired postural stability is a consequence or cause of these injuries. Objectives To prospectively investigate whether postural stability deficits during single-leg stance predict noncontact lower extremity injuries. Methods Fifty injury-free female athletes performed a transition task from double-leg stance to single-leg stance with eyes closed...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
M S Ballal, C J Pearce, J D F Calder
Sporting injuries around the ankle vary from simple sprains that will resolve spontaneously within a few days to severe injuries which may never fully recover and may threaten the career of a professional athlete. Some of these injuries can be easily overlooked altogether or misdiagnosed with potentially devastating effects on future performance. In this review article, we cover some of the common and important sporting injuries involving the ankle including updates on their management and outcomes. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:874-83...
July 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
Ian Shrier, Ben Clarsen, Evert Verhagen, Kerry Gordon, Jay Mellette
The recent increased use of injury and illness surveillance programmes has the potential to greatly advance our knowledge about risk factors and treatment effectiveness. Maximising this potential requires that data be entered in a format that can be interpreted and analysed. One remaining challenge concerns whether and when an increase in symptoms should be documented within an existing injury record (eg, exacerbation) versus a new injury record. In this review, we address this challenge using the principles of the multistate framework for the analysis of subsequent injury in sport (M-FASIS)...
June 28, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Mark Strøm, Kristian Thorborg, Thomas Bandholm, Lars Tang, Mette Zebis, Kristian Nielsen, Jesper Bencke
BACKGROUND: A lateral ankle sprain is the most prevalent musculoskeletal injury in sports. Exercises that aim to improve balance are a standard part of the ankle rehabilitation process. In an optimal progression model for ankle rehabilitation and prevention of future ankle sprains, it is important to characterize different balance exercises based on level of difficulty and sensori-motor training stimulus. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate frontal-plane ankle kinematics and associated peroneal muscle activity during single-legged balance on stable surface (floor) and three commonly used balance devices (Airex®, BOSU® Ball and wobble board)...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Remko van Lieshout, Elja A E Reijneveld, Sandra M van den Berg, Gijs M Haerkens, Niek H Koenders, Arina J de Leeuw, Roel G van Oorsouw, Davy Paap, Else Scheffer, Stijn Weterings, Mirelle J Stukstette
BACKGROUND: The mSEBT is a screening tool used to evaluate dynamic balance. Most research investigating measurement properties focused on intrarater reliability and was done in small samples. To know whether the mSEBT is useful to discriminate dynamic balance between persons and to evaluate changes in dynamic balance, more research into intra- and interrater reliability and smallest detectable change (synonymous with minimal detectable change) is needed. PURPOSE: To estimate intra- and interrater reliability and smallest detectable change of the mSEBT in adults at risk for ankle sprain...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"