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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333271/impact-of-thyroid-autoimmunity-in-euthyroid-women-on-live-birth-rate-after-iui
#1
D Unuane, B Velkeniers, B Bravenboer, P Drakopoulos, H Tournaye, J Parra, M De Brucker
STUDY QUESTION: Does thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) predict live birth rate in euthyroid women after one treatment cycle in IUI patients? SUMMARY ANSWER: TAI as such does not influence pregnancy outcome after IUI treatment. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The role of TAI on pregnancy outcome in the case of IVF/ICSI is largely debated in the literature. This is the first study to address this issue in the case of IUI. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: This was a retrospective cohort study...
February 23, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215488/gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-gnrha-trigger-state-of-the-art
#2
REVIEW
C Dosouto, T Haahr, P Humaidan
GnRH agonist (GnRHa) trigger for final oocyte maturation in GnRH antagonist co-treated IVF/ICSI cycles significantly reduces the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). GnRHa trigger followed by modifications of the standard luteal phase support (modified luteal phase support) secures fresh transfer in the majority of patients with excellent reproductive outcomes. In freeze all cycles (segmented cycles) GnRHa trigger allows oocyte retrieval with a minimal risk of early onset OHSS and good reproductive outcomes in subsequent frozen thaw cycles...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210479/pregnant-after-assisted-reproduction-a-risk-pregnancy-is-born-18-years-perinatal-outcome-results-from-a-population-based-registry-in-flanders-belgium
#3
W Ombelet, G Martens, L Bruckers
BACKGROUND: Although the increased risk for perinatal morbidity and mortality of babies born after ART is largely attributed to a higher rate of multiple gestations, a significantly worse perinatal outcome for singleton pregnancies following ART compared to pregnancies after natural conception has been reported as well. Most studies only include IVF/ICSI pregnancies; studies describing the perinatal outcome of pregnancies after non-IVF assisted reproduction are scarce. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Population-based cohort study with three exposure groups: a study group of pregnancies (1) after ovarian stimulation (OS), with or without artificial insemination (AI), (2) after IFV or ICSI and (3) a naturally conceived (NC) comparison group...
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193084/value-of-endometrial-echopattern-at-hcg-administration-day-in-predicting-ivf-outcome
#4
Firoozeh Ahmadi, Farnaz Akhbari, Mina Zamani, Fariba Ramezanali, Rezvaneh Cheraghi
BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive  treatment  (ART)  cycle  is an  expensive  procedure with low implantation and pregnancy rate; therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the predictors of success in these patients. OBJECTIVE: The relationship between endometrial echopattern and pregnancy rate was evaluated. METHODS: The endometrial  echopattern  was  analyzed  prospectively  on  the  day  of  human chorionic  gonadotropin  (HCG) administration  in  280  in  vitro  fertilization/intracytoplasmic  sperm  injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles with 8-14 mm endometrial thickness at Royan institute in 2013-2014...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187507/diagnostic-genetic-screening-for-assisted-reproductive-technologies-patients-with-macrozoospermia
#5
V Carmignac, J-M Dupont, R C Fierro, J Barberet, C Bruno, N Lieury, E Dulioust, J Auger, P Fauque
Macrozoospermia is characterized by a high proportion of abnormal spermatozoa with enlarged heads. So far, it has been associated with mutations only in the Aurora Kinase C gene (AURKC) in some cases. Although many publications have reported failure to conceive in couples with macrozoospermia, a few others have described successful pregnancies, thus raising questions as to whether ICSI and AURKC genetic screening should be recommended in all patients with macrozoospermia. First, we report on two monozygotic twins presenting macrozoospermia for whom the genetic status was explored (Aurora Kinase C sequencing) and whole semen and gradient-selected spermatozoa were analyzed, using Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH), Electron Microscopy and flow cytometry...
March 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122284/periodic-elevation-of-regulatory-t-cells-on-the-day-of-embryo-transfer-is-associated-with-better-in-vitro-fertilization-outcome
#6
Wen-Juan Wang, Fu-Jun Liu, Xia Zhang, Xue-Mei Liu, Qing-Lan Qu, Feng-Hua Li, Li-Li Zhuang, Xiao-Xiao Li, Cui-Fang Hao
Treg cells have been shown to be important in maintaining maternofetal tolerance, but the expression of Tregs in assisted reproductive technology (ART) in women on the day of embryo transfer (D0), 5days (D5) and 14days after ET (D14); the related factors influencing the expression levels of Tregs; the proliferation ability and the relevant cytokine epression by Tregs on D14 have not been investigated. In this study, 124 women undergoing in vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) were enrolled...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077604/the-mitochondrial-dna-content-of-cumulus-granulosa-cells-is-linked-to-embryo-quality
#7
V Desquiret-Dumas, A Clément, V Seegers, L Boucret, V Ferré-L'Hotellier, P E Bouet, P Descamps, V Procaccio, P Reynier, P May-Panloup
STUDY QUESTION: Could the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content of cumulus granulosa cells (CGCs) be related to oocyte competence? SUMMARY ANSWER: The quality of embryos obtained during IVF procedures appears to be linked to mtDNA copy numbers in the CGCs. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Oocyte quality is linked to oocyte mtDNA content in the human and other species, and the mtDNA copy number of the oocyte is related to that of the corresponding CGCs. Moreover, the quantification of CGC mtDNA has recently been proposed as a biomarker of embryo viability...
January 6, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059554/searching-for-love-and-test-tube-babies-iraqi-refugee-men-in-reproductive-exile-on-the-margins-of-detroit
#8
Marcia C Inhorn
In this article, I explore the reproductive health problems faced by Iraqi refugees, one of America's most rapidly growing immigrant populations. Based on anthropological research in 'Arab Detroit', the 'capital' of Arab America, I explore the experiences of Iraqi refugee men seeking medical help for their infertility. Most required intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), a variant of in vitro fertilization (IVF). However, in America's privatized medical system-where a single cycle can cost more than $12,000-few could possibly afford this assisted reproductive technology (ART)...
January 6, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010131/predicting-the-clinical-outcome-of-icsi-by-sperm-head-vacuole-examination
#9
Khaled Pocate-Cheriet, Ilan Heilikman, Raphael Porcher, Virginie Barraud-Lange, Nathalie Sermondade, Charlene Herbemont, Jean Philippe Wolf, Christophe Sifer
To assess whether high magnification sperm head vacuole examination (SHVE) and/or standard sperm morphology assessment can predict ICSI outcomes in terms of fertilization, embryo quality, and delivery rates, a prospective observational bicentric study was conducted in two publicly funded assisted reproductive technology (ART) units in France between January and July of 2012. A total of 111 ICSI cycles for exclusively male infertility factors were included. A Spearman's correlation test was performed to validate SHVE reproducibility between the ART units...
December 23, 2016: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007790/the-effect-of-expressive-writing-intervention-for-infertile-couples-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Yoon Frederiksen, Mia Skytte O'Toole, Mimi Y Mehlsen, Benedicte Hauge, Helle Olesen Elbaek, Robert Zachariae, Hans Jakob Ingerslev
STUDY QUESTION: Is expressive writing intervention (EWI) efficacious in reducing distress and improving pregnancy rates for couples going through ART treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: Compared to controls, EWI statistically significantly reduced depressive symptoms but not anxiety and infertility-related distress. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: ART treatment is considered stressful. So far, various psychological interventions have been tested for their potential in reducing infertility-related distress and the results are generally positive...
December 21, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990088/impact-of-office-hysteroscopy-in-repeated-implantation-failure-experience-of-a-single-center
#11
Emre Göksan Pabuçcu, İbrahim Yalçın, Taylan Bodur, Gamze Sinem Çağlar, Recai Pabuçcu
OBJECTIVE: Repeated implantation failure (RIF) is a clinical entity affecting many couples undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART). Various intrauterine pathologies contribute to RIF. Nevertheless, vaginal sonography and hysterosalpingography, which are the common diagnostic tools for the initial follow-up, have limited sensitivities. In this context, we aimed to evaluate the impact of office hysteroscopy (oHS) on live birth rates (LBRs) when performed prior to subsequent ART cycles in women with a history of RIF...
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979918/pre-term-birth-and-low-birth-weight-following-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-analysis-of-88-010-singleton-live-births-following-pgd-and-ivf-cycles
#12
Sesh Kamal Sunkara, Belavendra Antonisamy, Hepsy Y Selliah, Mohan S Kamath
STUDY QUESTION: Is PGD associated with the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes such as pre-term birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW)? SUMMARY ANSWER: There was no increase in the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes of PTB, and LBW following PGD compared with autologous IVF. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Pregnancies resulting from ART are associated with a higher risk of pregnancy complications compared with spontaneously conceived pregnancies. The possible reason of adverse obstetric outcomes following ART has been attributed to the underlying infertility itself and embryo specific epigenetic modifications due to the IVF techniques...
February 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978775/can-amh-levels-predict-the-need-for-increased-medication-during-ivf-icsi-in-pcos-women
#13
Ahmed Kamel, Wafaa Ramadan, Ahmed M Hussein, Sherif Dahab, Moutaz M Elsherbini, Yossra S Lasheen, Fouad Abu-Hamila
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) to predict the step up of human menopausal gonadotropins (HMG) dose in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) undergoing IVF/ICSI cycles. METHODS: AMH was drawn before ovulation induction in 976 PCOS women scheduled for IVF/ICSI. After all cycles ended, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was done to investigate the ability of AMH to predict step up of the HMG. RESULTS: The area under the curve (AUC) was 0...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928673/do-art-patients-face-higher-c-section-rates-during-their-stage-of-delivery-a-german-monocenter-experience
#14
Kay Neumann, Christoph Cirkel, Achim Rody, Daniel A Beyer
PURPOSE: The mode of delivery depends on multiple parameters. After assisted reproductive technology (ART), previous studies have shown elevated C-section rates but few studies differentiated between elective and emergency operations and different protocols of cryopreservation. Because these studies did not use multiparity as exclusion criteria which reduces confounding with previous pregnancies, aim of this study is to compare mode of delivery of different techniques of ART using data of primiparae only [1, 2]...
December 7, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921090/the-effect-of-intrauterine-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-injection-before-embryo-transfer-on-the-implantation-and-pregnancy-rate-in-infertile-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Razieh Dehghani Firouzabadi, Sima Janati, Mohammad Hossein Razi
BACKGROUND: Implantation is one of the essential steps for the success of assisted reproductive techniques (ART). Their success depends on three main factors: embryo quality, endometrial receptivity (ER), and synchrony between embryo and endometrium. There are various factors that regulate the complex process of implantation. In this regard, one may refer to human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) as the most important factor. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effect of intrauterine hCG injection before embryo transfer (ET) on pregnancy outcome in infertile couples...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916070/-effect-of-luteal-phase-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-administration-on-pregnancy-outcome-in-ivf-icsi-cycles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
L P Yu, N Liu, Y Liu
Objective: To evaluate the potential efficacy and safety of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist(GnRH-a) administration in the luteal-phase on in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in assisted reproductive technology (ART). Methods: The relevant papers published before November 2015 were electronically searched in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, WHO ICTRP, ClinicalTrials.gov, CNKI, CBM and WanFang database to collect randomized controlled trial (RCT) involving GnRH-a administration in the luteal-phase on IVF/ICSI cycles in ART...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908224/serum-substance-p-concentrations-to-predict-oocyte-maturation-index-and-clinical-pregnancy
#17
Yavuz Sahin, Enis Özkaya, Semra Kayatas Eser, Tayfun Kutlu, Ilhan Sanverdi, Gulden Tunali, Ates Karateke
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of serum substance P (SP) concentrations on oocyte maturation and clinical pregnancy. METHODS: Ninety-three women with unexplained infertility underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Antagonist protocol was started for each participant and at the day of oocyte pick up, serum samples were obtained from each participant to assess SP concentrations, and these concentrations were utilized to predict mature/total oocyte ratio and clinical pregnancy...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881336/-outcome-analysis-of-monozygotic-twin-pregnancy-conceived-by-assisted-reproductive-techniques
#18
Shu-Xian Feng, Xue-Lan Li, Xing-Yu Zhou, Yu-Dong Liu, Ping-Ping Guo, De-Sheng Ye, Xin Chen, Shi-Ling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence, management, and outcomes of monozygotic twin (MZT) pregnancy conceived by assisted reproductive techniques (ART). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of clinical pregnancies after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and introcytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer (ICSI-ET) from January, 2010 to June 2015 at our center. We investigated the incidence, managements and outcomes of 94 MZT pregnancies...
November 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876421/prognostic-factors-for-patients-undergoing-vitrified-warmed-human-embryo-transfer-cycles-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Toshifumi Takahashi, Ayumi Hasegawa, Hideki Igarashi, Mitsuyoshi Amita, Jun Matsukawa, Isao Takehara, Satoko Suzuki, Satoru Nagase
We examined the prognostic factors for pregnancy in 210 vitrified-warmed embryo transfer (ET) cycles in 121 patients. The univariate analysis showed that age, gravida, the number of cycles associated with infertility caused by endometriosis, the number of previous assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment cycles, and the number of ICSI procedures were significantly lower in pregnant cycles compared with non-pregnant cycles. The percentages of ET using at least one intact embryo and of ET using at least one embryo that had developed further after warming were significantly higher in pregnant cycles compared with non-pregnant cycles...
November 23, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852097/subclinical-hypothyroidism-and-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-outcomes
#20
Marcela de Alencar Coelho Neto, Wellington de Paula Martins, Anderson Sanches de Melo, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Paula Andrea Navarro
Purpose Whether preconception elevated concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) compromises reproductive outcomes in patients undergoing assisted reproduction techniques (ARTs) remains unclear. This study therefore compared the reproductive outcomes in patients with TSH concentrations of < 2.5 mIU/L, 2.5-4.0 mIU/L, and 4.0-10.0 mIU/L undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Methods This retrospective cohort study evaluated the medical records of all women with measured TSH concentrations who underwent IVF/ICSI between January 2011 and December 2012...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
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