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Fluoride varnish

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#1
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314344/caries-outcome-following-an-intensive-fluoride-varnish-treatment-regimen-for-children-at-high-risk-for-early-childhood-caries
#2
Agelina E Paek, Yihong Li, Zhemeng Wang, Patrick So, Malvin N Janal, Neal G Herman, Andrew Hopkins, Courtney Chinn
PURPOSE: To evaluate the caries relapse rate for a cohort of 2- to 4-year-old children at high risk of early childhood caries when treated with an intensive fluoride varnish (FV) regimen. METHODS: Eighty paediatric patients were recruited. Forty of these patients were high risk and received the FV treatment (three applications within 2 weeks and additional applications at 1 and 3 months) during 2009-2010. Mutans streptococci (MS) levels in the saliva were evaluated during the treatment period...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299732/mi-varnish-and-mi-paste-plus-in-a-caries-prevention-and-remineralization-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Peter Rechmann, Sona Bekmezian, Beate M T Rechmann, Benjamin W Chaffee, John D B Featherstone
OBJECTIVES: White spot lesions (WSLs) are a complication of orthodontic therapy. This study investigated the effect of MI (minimally invasive) Paste Plus (MIPP) and MI Varnish (MIV) on WSLs in orthodontic patients during a 12-month, randomized, single-blind, prospective, standard-of-care controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty subjects, recruited from the UCSF School of Dentistry Orthodontics Clinic, were randomly assigned to the experimental (twice-daily 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste, daily MIPP, quarterly MIV application) or control group (twice-daily 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste, fluoride rinse recommendation)...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289726/caries-arrest-by-topical-fluorides-in-preschool-children-30-month-results
#4
D Duangthip, M C M Wong, C H Chu, E C M Lo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of three applications of silver diammine fluoride (SDF) solution at yearly interval and three applications of SDF solution or sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish at weekly interval at baseline in arresting active caries in the primary teeth of preschool children. METHODS: Children aged 3-4 years (n = 371) who had at least one active caries lesion (ICDAS codes 3-6) in their primary teeth were randomly allocated into three groups: Group 1 - annual application of 30% SDF solution; Group 2 - three applications of 30% SDF at weekly intervals; and Group 3 - three applications of 5% NaF varnish at weekly intervals...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285034/performance-of-preschoolers-mothers-and-senior-dental-students-after-receiving-training-on-fluoride-varnish-administration
#5
Simin Zahra Mohebbi, Samaneh Razeghi, Zahra Chinipardaz, Hamideh Soleimannejad, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: Fluoride varnish application is an effective way to prevent caries in children. We aimed to educate preschool children's mothers on how to apply fluoride varnish and compare their performance with dental students and to assess their self-reported competency six months later. Materials and Methods: Eighty-eight 4-6-year-old children presenting to toy houses of six randomly selected health centers in a non-affluent district of Tehran in 2014 were divided into two groups to receive fluoride varnish by their mothers and students...
July 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284948/effect-of-fluoride-varnish-and-dentifrices-and-its-combination-on-deciduous-enamel-demineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#6
Allama Prabhu, B G Prasanna, B Sakeenabhi, G M Prashanth, R Subramaniam, Mallikarjuna Ragher
Introduction: Dental caries remains the most important dental health problem in developing countries. Application of varnish on tooth surfaces is shown to promote the uptake of firmly bound fluoride by enamel, which is considered important. Along with the incorporation of fluoride into the crystalline lattice, there is formation of calcium fluoride compounds on enamel. Methodology: Seventy deciduous canines were covered with nail polish. A window measuring 4 mm × 4 mm was left on their buccal surface, These were randomly assigned to seven groups (n = 6): S: sound enamel not subjected to any regimen or treatment; N: negative control, subjected to the pH-cycling regimen without any treatment; D1 and D2: subjected to the pH-cycling regimen and treated two times daily with 1100 and 500 ppm F dentifrice, respectively; VF: fluoride varnish (subjected to F-varnish before and in the middle of the pH-cycling regimen); and VF + D1 and VF + D2...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276777/patient-centered-dentinal-hypersensitivity-treatment-outcomes-results-from-the-national-dental-pbrn
#7
M W Heft, M S Litaker, D T Kopycka-Kedzierawski, C Meyerowitz, S Chonowski, R L Yardic, V V Gordan, R Mungia, G H Gilbert
Dentinal hypersensitivity (DH) can have a significant impact on oral health and functioning, and it is a clinical symptom commonly managed by dentists during routine clinical practice. DH symptoms are typically elicited by otherwise innocuous, nonpainful stimuli applied to exposed dentin (e.g., tactile stimuli, warming or cooling temperatures or air puffs). Treatment approaches have sought to directly target the dentinal pulp tissues or close dentinal tubules via dental office care and treatment services (fluoride varnishes, glutaraldehydes, bonding agents, sealants, oxalates, or lasers) or home care services (toothpastes or dentifrices containing fluoride or potassium nitrate compounds)...
January 2018: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242517/the-crisis-at-christmas-dental-service-a-review-of-an-annual-volunteer-led-dental-service-for-homeless-and-vulnerably-housed-people-in-london
#8
J Doughty, S Stagnell, N Shah, A Vasey, C Gillard
Background The UK charity Crisis originated in 1967 as a response to the increasing numbers of homeless people in London, and the first Crisis at Christmas event for rough sleepers was established in 1971. Since then, Crisis has provided numerous services over the Christmas period to the most vulnerable members of society. One of these is the Crisis at Christmas Dental Service (CCDS) which provides emergency and routine dental care from 23-29 of December each year. The charity is entirely dependent on voluntary staffing and industry donations including materials and facilities...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234741/tooth-hypersensitivity-treatment-trends-among-dental-professionals
#9
Danielle Clark, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVE: Tooth hypersensitivity is a common complaint of patients who present to the dental office. The aim of this study was to survey dental professionals in an effort to understand the current treatment trends for tooth hypersensitivity. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A questionnaire that addressed possible treatments for tooth hypersensitivity was developed and validated. The survey included a case presentation in which the responders were requested to list a first and second line of treatment...
December 11, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208797/caries-preventive-effect-of-sodium-fluoride-varnish-on-deciduous-dentition-a-clinical-trial
#10
Swapnil K Patil, Madhura Fatangare, Rutuj G Jadhav, Gaurav R Shinde, Siddhi S Pawar, Mitesh D Kathariya
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of intensive application of sodium fluoride varnish in reducing caries incidence among children aged 6 to 7 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled trial conducted among 6- to 7-year-old children of Sangamner, Maharashtra, India. Nearly 200 randomly selected children were randomized into two groups: Control group and intervention (varnish) group. Dental examination to record the caries experiences was conducted at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207844/impact-of-nano-hydroxyapatite-nano-silver-fluoride-and-sodium-fluoride-varnish-on-primary-teeth-enamel-remineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Ali Nozari, Shabnam Ajami, Azade Rafiei, Elmira Niazi
Introduction: Dental caries is still prevailing worldwide, although different anti caries products have been introduced. Each remineralizing agent has its own shortcomings. Therefore, looking for new agents to have benefits of previous ones with lesser side effects is worthwhile. Aim: To determine the remineralization ability of NaF varnish, nano-Hydroxyapatite Serum (n-HAP) and Nano Silver Fluoride (NSF) on enamel of primary anterior teeth. Materials and Methods: Incipient caries were induced in primary sound anterior teeth by storing each specimen in demineralization solution for 72 hours...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207835/sem-evaluation-of-enamel-surface-changes-and-enamel-microhardness-around-orthodontic-brackets-after-application-of-co2-laser-er-cr-ysgg-laser-and-fluoride-varnish-an-in-vivo-study
#12
Tarundeep Kaur, Tulika Tripathi, Priyank Rai, Anup Kanase
Introduction: One of the most undesirable consequences of orthodontic treatment is occurrence of enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets. Numerous in vitro studies have reported the prevention of enamel demineralization by surface treatment with lasers and fluoride varnish. Aim: To evaluate the changes on the enamel surface and microhardness around orthodontic brackets after surface treatment by CO2 laser, Er, Cr:YSGG laser and fluoride varnish in vivo...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179354/use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178702/clinical-efficacy-of-resin-based-materials-for-dentin-hypersensitivity-treatment
#14
Gabriela D Canali, Sergio A Ignacio, Rodrigo N Rached, Evelise M Souza
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of three resin-based materials in the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity (DH) up to a 6-month follow-up. METHODS: 30 participants (179 teeth) with DH were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical study. The teeth were randomly allocated into one of three groups: CV (resin-modified glass ionomer varnish - Clinpro XT Varnish), CP (fluoride-containing self-etch adhesive - Clearfil SE Protect) and GB (glutaraldehyde-containing etch-and-rinse adhesive - Gluma 2 Bond)...
August 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168578/utilization-of-community-health-workers-in-canada-s-children-s-oral-health-initiative-for-indigenous-communities
#15
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Xiaoli Kong, Candace Brancato, James McLeod, Heather M Bush
OBJECTIVE: The Children's Oral Health Initiative (COHI) is a federally funded community-based preventive dental programme implemented in geographically remote Canadian Indigenous communities. The study investigated the effect of the availability of local community health workers (COHI Aides) on access to the programme's preventive dental services for children. METHODS: Twenty-five communities were continuously enrolled in the COHI during the 7-year study period...
November 23, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160401/fluoride-varnishes-against-dental-erosion-caused-by-soft-drink-combined-with-pediatric-liquid-medicine
#16
Adílis Kalina Alexandria, Ana Maria Gondim Valença, Lúcio Mendes Cabral, Lucianne Cople Maia
The present study evaluated the effect of NaF and CPP-ACP/NaF varnishes to reduce erosion produced by soft drink (SD) combined or not with pediatric liquid medicine. Enamel specimens were pre-treated with fluoride varnish, according to the following groups: NaF varnish (Duraphat®) or CPP-ACP/NaF varnish (MI varnishTM). Two types of erosive cycles were made: by soft drink erosion (SDE) or by pediatric liquid medicine plus soft drink erosion (PLM/SDE). Bovine enamel specimens were randomly assigned in six groups (n=10): G1=NaF + SDE; G2=CPP-ACP/NaF + SDE; G3=Distilled and deionized (DD) water + SDE; G4=NaF + PLM/SDE; G5=CPP-ACP/NaF + PLM/SDE and G6=DD water + PLM/SDE...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123323/enamel-resistance-to-demineralization-after-bracket-debonding-using-fluoride-varnish
#17
Ascensión Vicente, Antonio José Ortiz Ruiz, Miriam García López, Yolanda Martínez Beneyto, Luis-Alberto Bravo-González
The aim of this study was to evaluate the elemental content and morphology of enamel subjected to demineralization cycles after bracket debonding, adhesive remnant removal, and application of a fluoride varnish. 125 bovine teeth were divided into five groups (n = 25): 1) Intact enamel; 2) Intact enamel + demineralization cycles (DC); 3) Enamel after adhesive removal; 4)Enamel after adhesive removal + DC; 5) Enamel after adhesive removal + Profluorid + DC. The weight percentages of calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P) and fluoride (F) were calculated using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX)...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122071/costs-and-resource-use-among-child-patients-receiving-silver-nitrate-fluoride-varnish-caries-arrest
#18
Ryan N Hansen, R Mike Shirtcliff, Jeanne Dysert, Peter M Milgrom
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of silver nitrate/fluoride varnish (SN/FV) on care costs. METHODS: A retrospective matched cohort study, using Oregon Medicaid claims (January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014) for patients younger than 21 years old, compared patients treated with SN/FV to matched patients not treated with SN/FV. The number of services and costs were compared using student's t test and generalized estimating equation (GEE) regression models...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118084/perceptions-of-registered-dental-hygienists-in-alternative-practice-regarding-silver-diamine-fluoride
#19
Salina K Chhokar, Lory Laughter, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is an inexpensive, non-invasive, antimicrobial liquid used to treat carious lesions and decrease sensitivity. The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of registered dental hygienists in alternative practice (RDHAP) regarding the use of SDF to treat dental caries.Methods: A 16-item survey designed to evaluate RDHAP's familiarity and perceptions of SDF was electronically distributed to 222 RDHAPs practicing in the state of California. A survey research software program collected and tabulated responses, calculated response frequencies for each survey item, and determined statistical relationships among variables, using cross tabulation analysis...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116298/in-situ-effect-of-titanium-tetrafluoride-varnish-on-enamel-demineralization
#20
Adílis Kalina Alexandria, Camila Nassur, Carolina Bezerra Cavalcanti Nóbrega, Ana Maria Gondim Valença, Pedro Luiz Rosalen, Lucianne Cople Maia
The effect of a 4% titanium tetrafluoride (TiF 4 ) varnish on enamel demineralization was evaluated. Twelve volunteers participated in this double-blind, randomized crossover study. Six enamel specimens were positioned in intraoral appliances throughout four treatment stages: 4% TiF 4 varnish (experimental varnish), 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish (Duraphat ® ), placebo varnish, and negative control (deionized water). After 24 h, the varnishes were removed and plaques were allowed to accumulate. A 20% sucrose solution was dripped onto enamel blocks (10x/day)...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
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