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Fluoride varnish

Christopher Deery
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, the US National Institutes of Health Trials Register and the World Health Organization (WHO) Clinical Trials Registry PlatformStudy selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) with at least 12 months follow-up, in which fissure sealants, or fissure sealants together with fluoride varnishes, were compared with fluoride varnishes alone for preventing caries in occlusal surfaces of permanent teeth of children and adolescents...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
L Paglia
Despite the general advances in dental care, dental caries is still a global health problem affecting many children. Occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars are the most susceptible sites in the developing permanent dentition. Dentists should use sealants or fluoride varnish - as well as other means - to limit the onset of tooth decay. Application of sealants is a recommended procedure to prevent or control caries. Sealing occlusal surfaces of newly erupted permanent molars in children and teenagers delays caries onset up to 48 months compared with unsealed teeth...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
H Y Tian, P Yu, C Y Yuan, W Zhang, Y X Qiu, D H Li, X J Liang, X Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the durability of resin-based root-surface coating material and all-in-one self-etching adhesive on root surface in vitro. METHODS: Human extracted premolars or molars with intact roots were selected. The cementum was removed using a periodontal scaler to expose root dentin. The root surface was coated with an acid-resistant nail varnish, leaving a window of 3 mm×3 mm on the exposed dentin.The window was covered with either PRG Barrier Coat (PRG) or Clearfil S3 Bond (CS3)...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Yin Peng, Zheng Qian, Zhou Ting, Fang Jie, Xu Xiaomei, Mei Li
To assess the effect of resin infiltration vs. fluoride varnish in enhancing enamel surface conditions after interproximal reduction (IPR). After IPR procedures, 84 human enamel specimens were divided into three groups, group A/ group B was treated by fluoride varnish/resin infiltration according to the manufacturers' instructions, group C were treated with nothing. All the specimens were pH-cycled twice daily in 37°C bath for 30 days. Surface micro-hardness, density and mineral loss were measured before and after the pH cycling...
2016: Dental Materials Journal
Martin Tickle, Ciaran O'Neill, Michael Donaldson, Stephen Birch, Solveig Noble, Seamus Killough, Lynn Murphy, Margaret Greer, Julie Brodison, Rejina Verghis, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common disease of childhood. The NHS guidelines promote preventative care in dental practices, particularly for young children. However, the cost-effectiveness of this policy has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effects and costs of a composite fluoride intervention designed to prevent caries in young children attending dental services. DESIGN: The study was a two-arm, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial, with an allocation ratio of 1 : 1...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Dhanu G Rao, Malay Vishnuprasad Trivedi, Raghavendra Havale, S P Shrutha
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the sealing ability of root canal obturation after the application of fluoride varnish (MI Varnish) containing 5% sodium fluoride and casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate, fluoride varnish, and AH Plus and AH-Plus as root canal sealer by bacterial penetration test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Root canals of 65 single-rooted and single-canalled teeth were prepared. They were divided into three experimental groups (n = 15) and two control groups (n = 10)...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Nuray Tuloglu, Sule Bayrak, Emine Sen Tunc, Fusun Ozer
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a fluoride varnish with added Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) treatments on acid resistance of primary teeth enamel. METHODS: Enamel specimens obtained from 40 primary incisors (for surface microhardness testing) and 40 primary molars (for demineralization depth measurement) were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10 incisors and 10 molars) each according to surface treatment: no treatment (control), MI varnish (1-8 % sodium fluoride and 1-5 % CPP-ACP), Clinpro White (1-5 % sodium fluoride and <5 % modified tricalcium phosphate), Duraphat (<5 % sodium fluoride)...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Weini Xin, Katherine Chiu Man Leung, Edward Chin Man Lo, Mo Yin Mok, Moon Ho Leung
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) patients are prone to caries development due to reduction of salivary flow. Topical fluoride is commonly prescribed for caries prevention. METHODS: In this 24-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, SS patients were randomly assigned to receive either fluoride varnish or placebo gel quarterly. Development and arrest of caries at the coronal and root surfaces were recorded at 12-month and 24-month and compared to that of the baseline...
2016: BMC Oral Health
Julija Kalnina, Ruta Care
OBJECTIVES: To compare ozone with fissure sealants and fluoride varnish in the prevention of occlusal caries in permanent premolars of children in 12 months period. METHODS: A clinical trial was conducted on four groups of 10 years old schoolchildren: a group 1 - control group (n=50); a group 2 (n=21) in which fluoride varnish was applied and re-applied up to 12 months; a group 3 (n=17) in which sealant was applied and reapplied up to 12 months; and a group 4 (n=19) in which ozone was applied and re-applied up to 12 months...
2016: Stomatologija
Egle Lapenaite, Kristina Lopatiene, Aira Ragauskaite
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of fluoride and casein topical preparations in the prevention of white spot lesions during and after fixed orthodontic treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Information search for controlled studies on humans published in the English language between 2008 and 2013 was conducted in Medline via PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Oxford University Press: Oxford journals and The Cochrane Library, as well as the Web search Google Scholar...
2016: Stomatologija
Marcia Cristina Dias de Moraes, Anderson Zanardi Freitas, Ana Cecilia Correa Aranha
This study aimed to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to assess the progression of erosive lesions after irradiation with Nd:YAG laser and application of topical fluoride. One-hundred and twenty dentin samples (4 × 4 × 2 mm) obtained from bovine incisors were used. Samples were protected with acid-resistant nail varnish, with exception of a central circular area 2 mm in diameter. All samples were submitted to erosive cycles with citric acid solution 0.05 M (citric acid monohydrate-C6H8O7·H2O); M = 210...
September 17, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
I L Gorbunova, N I Mikheikina
The paper presents the rationale to dental caries prevention concerning fluoride varnish optimal concentration, method of application and exposure on dental enamel of caries-resistant and caries liable persons. It was found that enamel-sealing liquid applicated on dental enamel for three minutes with рН 7,0 demonstrated the best preventive effect.
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Isha Suri, Poonam Singh, Quaid Johar Shakir, Arvind Shetty, Ranjeet Bapat, Roshani Thakur
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is an age old complaint with a great number of treatment modalities, but none of these are totally effective till date. Lasers being one of the latest treatment options in periodontics, a study was conducted to test the efficacy of diode laser (DL) in DH alone and in comparison with 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish. AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of 5% topical NaF varnish and 980 nm gallium aluminum arsenide (GaAlAs) DL alone and combination of 5% NaF + 980 nm GaAlAs DL in the management of DH...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
E Widström, A Tillberg, L I Byrkjeflot, R Skudutyte-Rysstad
Objective and setting In Norway, the Public Dental Service (PDS) caters for the young (<19 years) and smaller numbers of adults, mostly special needs patients. This study surveyed chair-side preventive measures used in the public clinics and compared them with recommendations in evidence-based guidelines in the neighbouring countries.Materials and methods After ethical approval, the regional Chief Dental Officers (CDOs) emailed questionnaires to their local clinics (N = 421) where the most experienced dentist and dental hygienist were asked to respond on behalf of the clinic...
August 26, 2016: British Dental Journal
John T Wright, Malavika P Tampi, Laurel Graham, Cameron Estrich, James J Crall, Margherita Fontana, E Jane Gillette, Brian B Nový, Vineet Dhar, Kevin Donly, Edmond R Hewlett, Rocio B Quinonez, Jeffrey Chaffin, Matt Crespin, Timothy Iafolla, Mark D Siegal, Alonso Carrasco-Labra
BACKGROUND: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012 data indicated that, in the United States, nearly onefourth of children and over one-half of adolescents experienced dental caries in their permanent teeth. The purpose of this review was to summarize the available clinical evidence regarding the effect of dental sealants for the prevention and management of pit-and-fissure occlusal carious lesions in primary and permanent molars, compared with a control without sealants, with fluoride varnishes, or with other head-to head comparisons...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Carol A Clark, Kathleen A Kent, Richard D Jackson
Oral health is essential to overall health at any age, although in children it is particularly important because poor oral health can have a deleterious effect on deciduous and permanent dentition. For decades, oral health providers have urged primary care providers to incorporate oral health assessment, risk factor identification, parent education, and preventive therapy into routine well-child visits. Despite recommendations from various professional associations and governmental organizations, the incidence of dental disease in young children remains relatively unchanged...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, James McLeod, Mary Lou Walker, Martin Chartier, Rosamund L Harrison
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Children's Oral Health Initiative (COHI) is to increase access to preventive oral health services provided to First Nations and Inuit (FN/I) children living on federal reserves and in remote communities. PARTICIPANTS: COHI targets preschool children; 5-7-year-olds; pregnant women; and parents/caregivers in FN/I communities. SETTING: The program was piloted in 2004 by Health Canada and is potentially available to all FN/I communities...
2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Mahtab Memarpour, Shorangize Dadaein, Ebrahim Fakhraei, Mehrdad Vossoughi
Early childhood caries, a serious health problem among young children, can be prevented with effective intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral health education and a fluoride varnish in the prevention of caries in children under the age of 3 years. For this single-blind randomized parallel group 1-year clinical trial in Shiraz, 300 children aged 12-24 months with sound primary teeth were selected and randomly divided into three groups (n = 100): (1) control: no preventive intervention; (2) oral health counseling, and (3) oral health counseling and fluoride varnish at baseline and 6 months later...
2016: Caries Research
Krunal Chokshi, Achala Chokshi, Sapna Konde, Sunil Raj Shetty, Kumar Narayan Chandra, Sinjana Jana, Sanjana Mhambrey, Sneha Thakur
INTRODUCTION: The caries process has been thought to be irreversible, resulting in the permanent loss of tooth substance and eventually the development of a cavity. Recent approaches focused on application of remineralizing agents to incipient carious lesions, aim at controlling demineralization and promoting remineralization. Remineralizing agents create a supersaturated environment around the lesion; thus, preventing mineral loss and forces calcium and phosphate ions in the vacant areas...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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