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Fluoride varnish

J Burgess-Allen, M Braithwaite, S Whiston
Public health competencies being illustrated; Planning, delivery and evaluation of health improvement programmes, addressing health inequalities, awareness of cultural impacts on health and wellbeing. Smile4Life, a schools-based, evidence informed oral health promotion programme, was designed to address high levels of oral health need and inequality within a UK City. The aims of the pilot described were to test the feasibility of delivering the programme (supervised tooth-brushing, take home kits, educational resources and application of fluoride varnish) in six culturally diverse schools in disadvantaged neighbourhoods, and evaluate its impact on caries prevalence...
March 20, 2018: Community Dental Health
(no author information available yet)
Application of fluoride varnish targeted at high risk individuals may be more cost effective.
March 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
Wadih Abou Hamdan, Sherine Badri, Ahmed El Sayed
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the effectiveness of fluoride Vanish™ in preventing enamel demineralization around and under orthodontic brackets, using a laser fluorescence monitoring device on a group of teeth, using a laser fluorescence monitoring device on a group of extracted teeth with bonded brackets. METHODS: Orthodontic brackets were bonded to 32 extracted premolars. Buccal surfaces of teeth were divided into two halves: mesial and distal, fluoride Vanish™ (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA) was applied only on the distal half while the mesial one served as control half...
March 1, 2018: International Orthodontics
Rahul Rao, Ashish Jain, Meenakshi Verma, Deepak Langade, Amol Patil
Background: Remineralization of noncavitated enamel is dependent on the bioavailability of calcium, phosphate, and hydroxyl ions in saliva. However, it is enhanced by the presence of fluoride. This study compared the remineralizing potential of three different topical fluoride agents. Materials and Methods: Fifteen extracted premolars were selected for the study. The crown of each tooth was longitudinally sectioned buccolingually and mesiodistally using a diamond disc so as to obtain sixty specimens which were embedded in acrylic molds...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
P J Lucas, D Patsios, K Walls, P Neville, P Harwood, J G Williams, J Sandy
Introduction Extraction of decayed teeth is the most common reason for UK children aged 5-9 years to receive a general anaesthetic. Inequalities in oral health are well recognised, but is under-explored in dental general anaesthesia (DGA).Methods Secondary analysis of routinely collected data from three local authorities in South West England was used to assess: 1) dental activities recorded for children <18 years attending NHS general dental practitioners (GDP); 2) the incidence rate of DGA and disease severity among <16-year-olds; and 3) individual and neighbourhood factors associated with higher rates of child DGA, and greater severity of disease...
February 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
R Khehra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2018: British Dental Journal
Al Ross, Andrea Sherriff, Jamie Kidd, Wendy Gnich, Janet Anderson, Leigh Deas, Lorna Macpherson
BACKGROUND: All children attending General Dental Practice in Scotland are recommended to receive twice-yearly applications of sodium fluoride varnish to prevent childhood caries, yet application is variable. Development of complex interventions requires theorizing and modelling to understand context. This study applies the Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) to produce a sociotechnical systems model and identify opportunities for intervention to support application. METHODS: The FRAM was used to synthesise data which were: routine monitoring of fluoride varnish application in 2015/16; a longitudinal survey with practitioners (n = 1090); in-depth practitioner and key informant interviews (n = 43); and a 'world café' workshop (n = 56)...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Majid Mahmoudzadeh, Loghman Rezaei-Soufi, Nasrin Farhadian, Seyed Farzad Jamalian, Mahdi Akbarzadeh, Mohammadali Momeni, Masome Basamtabar
Introduction: Orthodontic treatment has many advantages such as esthetic improvement and self-esteem enhancement; yet it has some disadvantages such as increasing the risk of formation of white spot lesions, because it makes oral hygiene more difficult. It is rational to implement procedures to prevent these lesions. The present study was aimed to assess the effect of CO2 laser and fluoride varnish on the surface of the enamel surface microhardness around the orthodontic braces. Methods: Eighty extracted premolar teeth were selected, scaled, polished with nonfluoridated pumic and metal brackets were bonded to them...
2018: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Tahira Devji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Gerd Göstemeyer, Anna Kohls, Sebastian Paris, Falk Schwendicke
Uncertainty exists as to how to best prevent root caries development. The aim of the present study was to compare sodium fluoride (NaF), chlorhexidine (CHX) and silver diamine fluoride (SDF) varnishes (V) and rinses (R) regarding their caries preventive effect in an artificial caries biofilm model. 140 bovine root dentin samples were cut, polished and embedded. Samples were allocated to seven treatment groups (n = 20/group): Four varnishes (applied once prior biofilm challenge): 38% SDF (SDFV), 35% CHX-varnish (CHXV), 22,600 ppm NaF-varnish (NaFV), placebo-varnish (PV); two rinses (applied once daily during biofilm challenge): 500 ppm NaF solution (NaFR), 0...
January 31, 2018: Odontology
Kitty Jieyi Chen, Sherry Shiqian Gao, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
The latest national survey found that 70% of 5-year-old children in China had dental caries. The prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC) may not only be attributed to poor oral hygiene and unhealthy diet, but also to limited access to and availability of dental care. The prevailing preventive measures adopted by industrialised countries for ECC management are neither practical nor affordable in China. Hence, an alternative approach to ECC management is necessary. Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) has been advocated because the simple and short operative time renders ART affordable...
January 30, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Beatriz Martines Souza, Daiana Moreli Soares Santos, Aline Silva Braga, Natália Mello Dos Santos, Daniela Rios, Marilia Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Ana Carolina Magalhães
BACKGROUND: Titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4 ) has regained interest due to new formulations that have been shown to be more effective against tooth demineralization than sodium fluoride (NaF) formulations in vitro and in situ. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of two types of varnishes (4% TiF4 and a commercial 5% NaF) on the prevention of carious lesions and the treatment of noncavitated enamel carious lesions in the permanent teeth of children living in a fluoridated area...
January 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
E Kay, L Owen, M Taylor, L Claxton, L Sheppard
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations are important tools for decision makers to determine the best allocation of resources in a healthcare system. This study explored the use of economic evaluation in oral health promotion. METHODS: A literature review identified oral health promotion programmes that measured both the health impact and costs of oral health interventions. A decision analysis model was constructed to examine the cost utility of preventing dental caries in 5 and 12-year-old children via tooth brushing schemes and fluoride varnish programmes...
March 1, 2018: Community Dental Health
M Alkilzy, R M Santamaria, J Schmoeckel, C H Splieth
Modern approaches in caries treatment involve lesion management without tissue removal. Regenerative medicine focuses on replacing damaged tissues with biologically similar tissues. This article discusses the scientific evidence and clinical results for self-assembling peptides in modern caries management. The biomimetic remineralization promoted by self-assembling peptide P11-4 has been proven in vitro as an effective therapy for initial caries. P11-4 was rationally designed to promote formation of hydroxyapatite on its surface...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
M Fontana, G J Eckert, M A Keels, R Jackson, B Katz, B T Levy, S M Levy
Expanded partnership with the medical community is an important strategy for reducing dental caries disparities. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between fluoride (F) "in office" (drops/tablets and/or varnish), as prescribed or applied by a health care professional by age 1 y, and 1) caries development and 2) presence of other caries risk factors or mediators (e.g., socioeconomic status). Child-primary caregiver (PCG) pairs ( N = 1,325) were recruited in Indiana, Iowa, and North Carolina as part of a longitudinal cohort study to validate a caries risk tool for primary health care settings...
February 2018: Advances in Dental Research
Richard J Wierichs, Sabrina Stausberg, Julian Lausch, Hendrik Meyer-Lueckel, Marcella Esteves-Oliveira
The aim of this study was to compare the caries-preventive effect of different fluoride varnishes on sound dentin as well as on artificial dentin caries-like lesions. Bovine dentin specimens (n = 220) with one sound surface (ST) and one artificial caries lesion (DT) were prepared and randomly allocated to 11 groups. The interventions before pH cycling were as follows: application of a varnish containing NaF (22,600 ppm F-; Duraphat [NaF0/NaF1]), NaF plus tricalcium phosphate (22,600 ppm F-; Clinpro White Varnish Mint [TCP0/TCP1]), NaF plus casein phosphopeptide-stabilized amorphous calcium phosphate complexes (CPP-ACP; 22,600 ppm F-; MI Varnish [CPP0/CPP1]), or silver diamine fluoride (SDF; 35,400 ppm F-; Cariestop 30% [SDF0/SDF1]) and no intervention (NNB/N0/N1)...
January 17, 2018: Caries Research
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Agelina E Paek, Yihong Li, Zhemeng Wang, Patrick So, Malvin N Janal, Neal G Herman, Andrew Hopkins, Courtney Chinn
PURPOSE: To evaluate the caries relapse rate for a cohort of 2- to 4-year-old children at high risk of early childhood caries when treated with an intensive fluoride varnish (FV) regimen. METHODS: Eighty paediatric patients were recruited. Forty of these patients were high risk and received the FV treatment (three applications within 2 weeks and additional applications at 1 and 3 months) during 2009-2010. Mutans streptococci (MS) levels in the saliva were evaluated during the treatment period...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Peter Rechmann, Sona Bekmezian, Beate M T Rechmann, Benjamin W Chaffee, John D B Featherstone
OBJECTIVES: White spot lesions (WSLs) are a complication of orthodontic therapy. This study investigated the effect of MI (minimally invasive) Paste Plus (MIPP) and MI Varnish (MIV) on WSLs in orthodontic patients during a 12-month, randomized, single-blind, prospective, standard-of-care controlled clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty subjects, recruited from the UCSF School of Dentistry Orthodontics Clinic, were randomly assigned to the experimental (twice-daily 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste, daily MIPP, quarterly MIV application) or control group (twice-daily 1100 ppm fluoride toothpaste, fluoride rinse recommendation)...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
D Duangthip, M C M Wong, C H Chu, E C M Lo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of three applications of silver diammine fluoride (SDF) solution at yearly interval and three applications of SDF solution or sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish at weekly interval at baseline in arresting active caries in the primary teeth of preschool children. METHODS: Children aged 3-4 years (n = 371) who had at least one active caries lesion (ICDAS codes 3-6) in their primary teeth were randomly allocated into three groups: Group 1 - annual application of 30% SDF solution; Group 2 - three applications of 30% SDF at weekly intervals; and Group 3 - three applications of 5% NaF varnish at weekly intervals...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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