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Fluoride varnish

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817337/oral-health-integration-into-a-pediatric-practice-and-coordination-of-referrals-to-a-colocated-dental-home-at-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#1
Nandini Sengupta, Sonal Nanavati, Maria Cericola, Lisa Simon
We have integrated preventive oral health measures into preventive care visits for children at a federally qualified health center in Boston, Massachusetts. The program, started in 2015, covers 3400 children and has increased universal caries risk screening in primary care to 85%, fluoride varnish application rates to 80%, and referrals to a dental home to 35%. We accomplished this by minimizing pressures on providers' workflow, empowering medical assistants to lead the initiative, and utilizing data-driven improvement strategies, alongside colocated coordinated care...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798421/remineralisation-the-buzzword-for-early-mi-caries-management
#2
B T Amaechi
Minimal intervention (MI) dentistry aims to preserve dental tissues first and restore only when indicated, thus remineralisation of initial (non-cavitated) caries lesions, an integral part of caries management, is an essential treatment strategy in MI. With this understanding, dental practitioners are increasingly embracing the principle of non-operative treatment of initial caries lesions. The purpose of this review was to summarise the most recent literature published in non-operative management of dental caries...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739318/impact-of-biannual-treatment-with-fluoride-varnish-on-tooth-surface-level-caries-progression-in-children-aged-1-3-years
#3
Maria Anderson, Göran Dahllöf, Fernanda Cunha Soares, Margaret Grindefjord
OBJECTIVE: This study describes caries progression at tooth-surface level in children from 1-3 years of age and the impact of biannual treatment with fluoride varnish. METHODS: Children who participated in a cluster-randomized controlled trial and had shown signs of dental caries were included in this study (n=801). International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) was used to classify dental caries. The present study compared children receiving a standard yearly intervention to children receiving the same standard preventive intervention supplemented with an application of fluoride varnish every half year...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702057/role-of-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-early-childhood-caries-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Poulami Mishra, Nusrath Fareed, Hemant Battur, Sanjeev Khanagar, Manohar A Bhat, Jagan Palaniswamy
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries is a public health problem that continues to affect babies and preschool children worldwide. This untreated caries process results in progressive destruction of the crowns of the teeth, often accompanied by severe pain and suffering, affecting the quality of life. Fluoride varnish which is one of the most important materials to prevent ECC is easy to apply and well tolerated by children. This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regardingthe role of fluoride varnish in preventing early childhood caries...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688508/fissure-sealants-and-fluoride-varnish-were-not-different-in-terms-of-their-effectiveness-in-preventing-dental-caries-in-permanent-first-molars
#5
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682498/cost-effectiveness-of-caries-preventive-fluoride-varnish-applications-in-clinic-settings-among-patients-of-low-moderate-and-high-risk
#6
Falk Schwendicke, Christian H Splieth, William Murray Thomson, Seif Reda, Michael Stolpe, Lyndie Foster Page
OBJECTIVES: The total body of evidence finds fluoride varnish effective to prevent caries. However, most trials were conducted in high-risk populations, with more recent trials on low-risk groups finding a lower efficacy. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of fluoride varnish application in clinic setting in populations with different caries risk. METHODS: A mixed public-private-payer perspective in the context of German health care was performed using a lifetime Markov model...
July 6, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667230/efficacy-evaluation-of-an-anti-caries-varnish-protocol-for-a-phase-ii-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Peter Milgrom, Ohnmar Tut, Marilynn Rothen, Lloyd Mancl, Marcelle Gallen, Jason M Tanzer
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries (tooth decay) is a common disease in which the products of sugar metabolism by certain bacteria that populate the tooth surface induce the development and progression of lesions (cavities). This is a phase II single-centre randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, parallel-group trial to assess the efficacy of a combination povidone iodine and sodium fluoride dental varnish to determine if it is superior to a varnish containing only sodium fluoride in the prevention of new caries lesions...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661802/effectiveness-on-early-childhood-caries-of-an-oral-health-promotion-program-for-medical-providers
#8
Patricia A Braun, Katina Widmer-Racich, Carter Sevick, Erin J Starzyk, Katya Mauritson, Simon J Hambidge
OBJECTIVES: To assess an oral health promotion (OHP) intervention for medical providers' impact on early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: We implemented a quasiexperimental OHP intervention in 8 federally qualified health centers that trained medical providers on ECC risk assessment, oral examination and instruction, dental referral, and fluoride varnish applications (FVAs). We measured OHP delivery by FVA count at medical visits. We measured the intervention's impact on ECC in 3 unique cohorts of children aged 3 to 4 years in 2009 (preintervention; n = 202), 2011 (midintervention; n = 420), and 2015 (≥ 4 FVAs; n = 153)...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661081/centre-level-variation-in-treatment-and-outcomes-and-predictors-of-outcomes-in-5-year-old-children-with-non-syndromic-unilateral-cleft-lip-treated-within-a-centralized-service-the-cleft-care-uk-study-part-6-summary-and-implications
#9
A R Ness, A K Wills, O Mahmoud, A Hall, D Sell, J Smallridge, L Southby, D Stokes, S Toms, A Waylen, Y Wren, J R Sandy
OBJECTIVES: To summarize and discuss centre-level variation across a range of treatment and outcome measures and examine individual and ecological determinants of outcome in children in Cleft Care UK (CCUK). SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) recruited to CCUK and treated within a centralized service. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children had a range of treatment and outcome measures collected at a 5-year audit clinic...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661079/centre-level-variation-in-dental-treatment-and-oral-health-and-individual-and-area-level-predictors-of-oral-health-in-5-year-old-children-with-non-syndromic-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-the-cleft-care-uk-study-part-3
#10
J Smallridge, A K Wills, O Mahmoud, A Chong, V Clark, M Collard, J R Sandy, A R Ness
OBJECTIVES: To explore centre-level variation in fluoride treatment and oral health outcomes and to examine the association of individual- and area-level risk factors with dental decay in Cleft Care UK (CCUK). SETTING: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on caries and developmental defects of enamel (DDE) were collected. The child's history of fluoride ingestion and postcode was used to assess exposure to fluoridated water...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657808/chronologic-trends-in-studies-on-fluoride-mechanisms-of-action
#11
H J Oh, H W Oh, D W Lee, C H Kim, J Y Ahn, Y Kim, H B Shin, C Y Kim, S H Park, J G Jeon
Fluoride has been widely used for the prevention of dental caries since the mid-20th century. The aim of this study was to investigate the chronologic trends in studies on fluoride mechanisms of action against dental caries during the years 1950 to 2015. To this aim, queries such as "fluoride," "fluoride and demineralization," "fluoride and remineralization," "fluoride and (plaque or biofilms)," and "fluoride and (bacteria or microbials)" were submitted to PubMed to collect research article information, including titles, abstracts, publication dates, author affiliations, and publication journals...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642564/remineralisation-and-arresting-caries-in-children-with-topical-fluorides
#12
Neeraj Gugnani, Shalini Gugnani
Data sourcesThe Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase and the ISI Web of Science.Study selectionEnglish language clinical trials in children with outcome measures including the remineralisation or arresting effect of caries by professional fluoride treatment were considered.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers screened the studies and assessed risk of bias. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted.ResultsSeventeen studies were included, ten focused on remineralisation, seven on arresting carious lesions...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634492/effectiveness-of-different-preventive-programs-in-cariogram-parameters-of-young-adults-at-high-caries-risk
#13
Said Karabekiroğlu, Nimet Ünlü
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of different preventive programs in young adults at high caries risk using Cariogram software. METHODS: Sixty-six young adults with high caries risk were evaluated. Dental caries risk for all subjects was determined according to WHO criteria. Subjects were divided into three different preventive groups (control: OH, fluoride varnish: FV, and chlorhexidine varnish: CV). They were followed for 12 weeks (baseline: T0, 1 week: T1, 4 weeks: T2, and 12 weeks: T3)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629602/management-of-dentin-hypersensitivity-by-practitioners-in-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#14
Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski, Cyril Meyerowitz, Mark S Litaker, Marc W Heft, Nirmala Tasgaonkar, Marianne R Day, Andretta Porter-Williams, Valeria V Gordan, Robin L Yardic, Timothy M Lawhorn, Gregg H Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a condition commonly encountered in clinical dental practice. The authors conduct a study to identify the treatments recommended to manage DH among dentists in the United States. METHODS: The authors conducted a multicenter study of 1,862 patients with DH who received a diagnosis and were treated by 171 dentists with the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network. RESULTS: The most common treatment recommended was desensitizing over-the-counter (OTC) potassium nitrate toothpaste (alone or in combination with other treatments) for 924 of 1,862 patients (50%)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614381/the-cytotoxic-effect-of-tif4-and-naf-on-fibroblasts-is-influenced-by-the-experimental-model-fluoride-concentration-and-exposure-time
#15
Priscila Maria Aranda Salomão, Flávia Amadeu de Oliveira, Paula Danielle Rodrigues, Luana Polioni Al-Ahj, Kellen Cristina da Silva Gasque, Pia Jeggle, Marilia Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Rodrigo Cardoso de Oliveira, John Michael Edwardson, Ana Carolina Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: Titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) has shown promising effect in preventing tooth lesions. Therefore, we compared the cytotoxicity of TiF4 with sodium fluoride (NaF) (already applied in Dentistry) considering different fluoride concentrations, pH values and experimental models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Step 1) NIH/3T3 fibroblasts were exposed to mediums containing NaF or TiF4 (from 0.15 to 2.45% F), both at native and adjusted pH, for 6 h. Step 2) NIH/3T3 were exposed to NaF or TiF4 varnishes with 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613154/seal-or-varnish-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-relative-cost-and-effectiveness-of-pit-and-fissure-sealant-and-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-dental-decay
#16
Ivor Gordon Chestnutt, Simon Hutchings, Rebecca Playle, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Nadine Aawar, Lianna Angel, Sharron Derrick, Cheney Drew, Ceri Hoddell, Kerenza Hood, Ioan Humphreys, Nigel Kirby, Tin Man Mandy Lau, Catherine Lisles, Maria Zeta Morgan, Simon Murphy, Jacqueline Nuttall, Kateryna Onishchenko, Ceri Phillips, Timothy Pickles, Charlotte Scoble, Julia Townson, Beverley Withers, Barbara Lesley Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) have been shown to be effective in preventing dental caries when tested against a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- and 7-year-olds and to determine their acceptability...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590563/a-multi-state-initiative-to-implement-pediatric-oral-health-in-primary-care-practice-and-clinical-education
#17
Hugh Silk, Ellen Sachs Leicher, Veronica Alvarado, Elizabeth Cote, Susan Cote
OBJECTIVES: To implement and study the effect of improving pediatric oral health by training primary care practices and training programs. METHOD: In six New England States, primary care practices and clinical training programs (medical schools, residencies, physician assistant programs) were recruited and trained to incorporate pediatric oral health into medical practice. We measured the results of varying practice recruitment approaches and measured training outcomes based on self-reported implementation and state reported EPSDT CMS oral health claims...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579385/response-of-carious-enamel-to-tif4-varnish-treatment-under-diverse-cariogenic-activities-in-situ
#18
L P Comar, B M Souza, J Martins, M G Santos, M A R Buzalaf, A C Magalhães
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of TiF4 and NaF varnishes on demineralized bovine enamel under different cariogenic activities in situ. METHODS: Twenty subjects participated of this in situ study with 3 crossover phases (14days each), in which they wore palatal appliances containing demineralized bovine enamel samples (8 samples/appliance for phase) treated with TiF4, NaF (all with 2.45% F) or placebo varnish. The samples were subjected to different cariogenic conditions (1...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566845/prevention-and-treatment-of-white-spot-lesions-in-orthodontic-patients
#19
REVIEW
Maryam Khoroushi, Marzie Kachuie
Decalcification of enamel, appearing as white spot lesions (WSLs), around fixed orthodontic appliances is a major challenge during and after fixed orthodontic treatment by considering the fact that the goal of orthodontic treatment is to enhance facial and dental esthetic appearance. Banded or bonded teeth exhibit a significantly higher rate of WSLs compared to the controls with no braces as fixed appliances and the bonding materials promote retention of biofilms. These lesions are managed in the first step by establishing good oral hygiene habits and prophylaxis with topical fluorides, including high-fluoride toothpastes, fluoride mouthwashes, gels, varnishes, fluoride-containing bonding materials, and elastic ligatures...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560054/antibacterial-activity-against-streptococcus-mutans-and-inhibition-of-bacterial-induced-enamel-demineralization-of-propolis-miswak-and-chitosan-nanoparticles-based-dental-varnishes
#20
Mariem O Wassel, Mona A Khattab
Using natural products can be a cost-effective approach for caries prevention especially in low income countries where dental caries is highly prevalent and the resources are limited. Specially prepared dental varnishes containing propolis, miswak, and chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NPs) with or without sodium fluoride (NaF) were assessed for antibacterial effect against Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) using disk diffusion test. In addition, the protective effect of a single pretreatment of primary teeth enamel specimens against in vitro bacterial induced enamel demineralization was assessed for 3 days...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
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