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Restorative materials

Felix G E Dyrna, Florian B Imhoff, Andreas Voss, Sepp Braun, Elifho Obopilwe, John M Apostolakos, Daichi Morikawa, Brendan Comer, Andreas B Imhoff, Augustus D Mazzocca, Knut Beitzel
BACKGROUND: The acromioclavicular (AC) capsule is an important stabilizer against horizontal translation and also contributes to the strut function of the clavicle, which guides rotation of the scapula. To best reproduce the biomechanical properties and the complex 3-dimensional (3D) guidance of the AC joint, detailed knowledge of the contribution of each of the distinctive capsular structures is needed. Purpose/Hypothesis: To perform a detailed biomechanical evaluation of the specific capsular structures of the AC joint and their contribution to translational and rotational stability...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
M Mizandari, J Kumar, M Pai, T Chikovani, T Azrumelashvili, I Reccia, N Habib
Background: Malignant biliary and/or pancreatic obstruction has often encountered in the advanced stages of periampullary and cholangicarcinomas. HabibTM Radiofrequency (RF) ablation has been successfully used in the management of various cancers of liver and pancreas. Percutaneous HPB probe (EMcision Ltd, London, UK) is a new addition to this class of tools. It is an endoluminal Radiofrequency (RF) catheter which works on the principle of ablation and induces coagulative necrosis to recanalize the obstructed duct...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Xiaopeng Zhou, Jingkai Wang, Weijing Fang, Yiqing Tao, Tengfei Zhao, Kaishun Xia, Chengzhen Liang, Jianming Hua, Fangcai Li, Qixin Chen
Nucleus pulposus (NP) degeneration is usually the origin of intervertebral disc degeneration and consequent lower back pain. Although adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC)-based therapy is regarded to be promising for the treatment of degenerated NP, there is a lack of viable cell carriers to transplant ADSCs into the NP while maintaining cell function. In this study, we developed a type II collagen/chondroitin sulfate (CS) composite hydrogel-like ADSC (CCSA) delivery system with genipin as the cross-linking agent...
March 16, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Salvatore Sauro, Ashvin Babbar, Borzo Gharibi, Victor Pinheiro Feitosa, Ricardo Marins Carvalho, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues, Avijit Banerjee, Timothy Watson
OBJECTIVE: Materials for pulp protection should have therapeutic properties in order to stimulate remineralization and pulp reparative processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties, biocompatibility, cell differentiation and bioactivity of experimental light-curable resin-based materials containing bioactive micro-fillers. METHODS: Four calcium-phosphosilicate micro-fillers were prepared and incorporated into a resin blend: 1) Bioglass 45S5 (BAG); 2) zinc-doped bioglass (BAG-Zn); 3) βTCP-modified calcium silicate (β-CS); 4) zinc-doped β-CS (β-CS-Zn)...
March 16, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Yuan-Sheng Lee, Nirveek Bhattacharjee, Albert Folch
Here we demonstrate a 3D-printable microvalve that is transparent, built with a biocompatible resin, and has a simple architecture that can be easily scaled up into large arrays. The open-at-rest valve design is derived from Quake's PDMS valve design. We used a stereolithographic (SL) 3D printer to print a thin (25 or 10 μm-thick) membrane (1200 or 500 μm-diam.) that is pneumatically pressed (∼3-6 psi) over a bowl-shaped seat to close the valve. We used poly(ethylene diacrylate) (MW = 258) (PEG-DA-258) as the resin because it yields transparent cytocompatible prints...
March 19, 2018: Lab on a Chip
William M Palin, Julian G Leprince, Mohammed A Hadis
Spatial and temporal control is a key advantage for placement and rapid setting of light-activated resin composites. Conventionally, placement of multiple thin layers (<2mm) reduces the effect of light attenuation through highly filled and pigmented materials to increase polymerisation at the base of the restoration. However, and although light curing greater than 2mm thick layers is not an entirely new phenomenon, the desire amongst dental practitioners for even more rapid processing in deep cavities has led to the growing acceptance of so-called "bulk fill" (4-6mm thick) resin composites that are irradiated for 10-20s in daily clinical practice...
March 14, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Changhui Wang, Yu Wu, Youquan Wang, Leilei Bai, Helong Jiang, Juhua Yu
This study presents an approach for developing inactivating materials to achieve an initial rapid and a long-term equilibrium P immobilization to control eutrophication based on drinking water treatment residue (DWTR), which is a byproduct of potable water production. By taking advantage of the long-term equilibrium P adsorption by DWTR, the La chemical properties, and the previous success of using La-modified bentonite clay (Phoslock® ), we used DWTR as a La carrier with different ratios to develop the specific materials...
March 9, 2018: Water Research
Xiangsheng Xie, Huichang Zhuang, Hexiang He, Xiaoqing Xu, Haowen Liang, Yikun Liu, Jianying Zhou
Human ability to visualize an image is usually hindered by optical scattering. Recent extensive studies have promoted imaging technique through turbid materials to a reality where color image can be restored behind scattering media in real time. The big challenge now is to recover objects in a large field of view with depth resolving ability. Based on the existing research results, we systematically study the physical relationship between speckles generated from objects at different planes. By manipulating a given single point spread function, depth-resolved imaging through a thin scattering medium can be extended beyond the original depth of field (DOF)...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Stefanie Amend, Roland Frankenberger, Susanne Lücker, Eugen Domann, Norbert Krämer
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to establish Lactobacillus casei in a completely automated Streptococcus mutans-based artificial mouth model and to investigate secondary caries inhibiting properties of glass ionomer cements / resin composite groups in vitro. METHODS: Sixty extracted, caries-free human third molars were used for preparation of standardized class-V-cavities. Specimens were restored with a resin-modified (Photac Fil; PF) as well as a conventional glass ionomer cement (Ketac Molar; KM) and one resin composite bonded with and without conduction of etch-and-rinse technique (Prime&Bond NT, Ceram X mono; C+ERT, C)...
March 12, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Swetha Sangomla, Mohd Aslam Saifi, Amit Khurana, Chandraiah Godugu
Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most commonly used anticancer drugs but its use has been limited due to constraints of cardiotoxic side effects. The precise mechanism underlying cardiotoxicity is not yet fully understood but oxidative stress has been found to be a primary mechanism behind this. In addition, DOX induced cardiotoxicity also shows involvement of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 and TNF-α. Since oxidative stress plays major role in DOX induced cardiotoxicity, different antioxidants have been tried to prevent cardiotoxicity of DOX...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Zongbi Bao, Danyan Xie, Ganggang Chang, Hui Wu, Liangying Li, Wei Zhou, Hailong Wang, Zhiguo Zhang, Huabin Xing, Qiwei Yang, Michael J Zaworotko, Qilong Ren, Banglin Chen
Research on HOFs has been developed for quite a long time; however, those with both established permanent porosities and functional properties are extremely rare due to weak hydrogen-bonding interactions among molecular organic linkers which are much more fragile and difficult to stabilize. Herein, through judiciously combining the superiority of both the moderately stable coordination bonds in MOFs and hydrogen bonds, we have realized a microporous hydrogen-bonded organometallic framework HOF-21, which not only shows permanent porosity but also exhibits highly selective separation performance of C2H2/C2H4 at room temperature...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Flávia Gonçalves, Luiza Mello de Paiva Campos, Ezequias Costa Rodrigues-Júnior, Fabrícia Viana Costa, Pamela Adeline Marques, Carlos Eduardo Francci, Roberto Ruggiero Braga, Letícia Cristina Cidreira Boaro
Bulk-fill composites are claimed to be restorative materials used in deep preparations and effectively photoactivated in layers up to 4 mm. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of conversion, post-gel volumetric shrinkage, and cytotoxicity of six bulk-fill and two conventional composites. Degree of conversion was determined by FTIR spectroscopy; post-gel volumetric shrinkage was determined using the strain gauge method; and cytotoxicity in human fibroblasts was evaluated indirectly by the MTT assay...
March 8, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Jex Ong, A U Yap, J Y Hong, A H Eweis, N A Yahya
This study investigated the viscoelastic properties of contemporary bulk-fill restoratives in distilled water and artificial saliva using dynamic mechanical analysis. The materials evaluated included a conventional composite (Filtek Z350), two bulk-fill composites (Filtek Bulk-fill and Tetric N Ceram), a bulk-fill giomer (Beautifil-Bulk Restorative), and two novel reinforced glass ionomer cements (Zirconomer [ZR] and Equia Forte [EQ]). The glass ionomer materials were also assessed with and without resin coating (Equia Forte Coat)...
March 13, 2018: Operative Dentistry
Nanda Kishore Sahoo, Kapil Tomar, Ankur Thakral, N Mohan Rangan
Cranioplasty is a time-honoured surgical procedure to restore the calvarial form and function that is associated with a relatively high complication rate. The present article analyzed various complications and reviewed the complications based on study of the relevant research in the craniofacial literature. Complications were broadly divided into 2 groups, intraoperative and postoperative, for ease of understanding. The etiological factors, local and systemic condition of the patient, prevention, and management of various complications were widely discussed...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hui Qu, Bao-Dong Xie, Jian Wu, Bo Lv, Jun-Bo Chuai, Jian-Zhong Li, Jun Cai, Hua Wu, Shu-Lin Jiang, Xiao-Ping Leng, Kai Kang
Background: Engineered heart tissues (EHTs) present a promising alternative to current materials for surgical ventricular restoration (SVR); however, the clinical application remains limited by inadequate vascularization postimplantation. Moreover, a suitable and economic animal model for primary screening is another important issue. Methods: Recently, we used 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide hydrochloride chemistry (EDC) to initiate a strengthened, cytokine-conjugated collagenous platform with a controlled degradation speed...
2018: Stem Cells International
Katarzyna Walczak, Heike Meißner, Ursula Range, Andreas Sakkas, Klaus Boening, Mieszko Wieckiewicz, Ioannis Konstantinidis
PURPOSE: The aging of zirconia ceramics (Y-TZP) is associated with tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation. This change in microstructure may affect the optical properties of the ceramic. This study examines the effect of aging on the translucency of different zirconia materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 120 disc-shaped specimens were fabricated from four zirconia materials: Cercon ht white, BruxZir Solid Zirconia, Zenostar T0, Lava Plus (n = 30 per group). Accelerated aging was performed in a steam autoclave (134°C, 0...
March 11, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Irena Sailer, Asgeir G Asgeirsson, Daniel S Thoma, Vincent Fehmer, Thor Aspelund, Mutlu Özcan, Bjarni E Pjetursson
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge regarding the strength of zirconia abutments with internal and external implant abutment connections and zirconia abutments supported by a titanium resin base (Variobase, Straumann) for narrow diameter implants. OBJECTIVES: To compare the fracture strength of narrow diameter abutments with different types of implant abutment connections after chewing simulation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hundred and twenty identical customized abutments with different materials and implant abutment connections were fabricated for five groups: 1-piece zirconia abutment with internal connection (T1, Cares-abutment-Straumann BL-NC implant, Straumann Switzerland), 1-piece zirconia abutment with external hex connection (T2, Procera abutment-Branemark NP implant, Nobel Biocare, Sweden), 2-piece zirconia abutments with metallic insert for internal connection (T3, Procera abutment-Replace NP implant, Nobel Biocare), 2-piece zirconia abutment on titanium resin base (T4, LavaPlus abutment-VarioBase-Straumann BL-NC implant, 3M ESPE, Germany) and 1-piece titanium abutment with internal connection (C, Cares-abutment-Straumann BL-NC implant, Straumann, Switzerland)...
March 11, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Shigeto Koyama, Hiroyasu Kanetaka, Yoshinori Sagehashi, Keiichi Sasaki, Naoko Sato
PURPOSE: Patients treated with maxillofacial prosthetics often experience emotional problems because of the remaining facial skin concavity such as a surgical scar. In such cases, cosmetic treatment can potentially correct their skin tone imperfections and deformities. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical availability of novel cosmetics-based material for craniofacial small concavity by initiating a cosmetic treatment in a preliminary case. METHODS: Eighteen patients with aesthetic problems such as craniofacial deformities, small defects, and concavities on their faces underwent cosmetic treatment that was performed by makeup practitioners...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Ju-Hyoung Lee
Due to the increased esthetic demands, custom zirconia post-and-cores have recently become popular. A post-and-core pattern with acrylic resin or wax is scanned using a laboratory scanner for the design of a definitive post-and-core restoration. This procedure requires additional time and material handling experience. If a scan post is used for an intracanal digital impression, substantial initial investments for hardware and software are required. This article introduces an alternative technique for fabricating a custom zirconia post-and-core with a conventional impression...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Yayuan Liu, Li Chen, Jinseng Zeng, Wenmei Li, Sudan Zeng, Bin Ye, Zhijian Liang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the reorganization in ipsilesional and contralesional thalamic radiation fibers after unilateral focal thalamic stroke in sensory disturbance patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We recruited 12 patients with acute unilateral thalamic infarction and sensory disturbance and 12 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. All patients underwent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and were assessed with National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS), Barthel index (BI), and paragraph 8 of NIHSS (NIHSS8) at 1 week (W1), 4 weeks (W4), 3 months (M3), and 6 months (M6) after thalamic infraction...
March 11, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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