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abdominal pain case studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637058/evaluation-of-cases-of-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-at-universidade-estadual-de-campinas-in-a-period-of-10-years
#1
Daniela Angerame Yela, Lucas Trigo, Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto
Purpose To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE), as well as the rate and recurrence factors for the disease. Methods A retrospective study of 52 women with AWE was performed at Universidade Estadual de Campinas from 2004 to 2014. Of the 231 surgeries performed for the diagnosis of endometriosis, 52 women were found to have abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE). The frequencies, means and standard deviations of the clinical characteristics of these women were calculated, as well as the recurrence rate of AWE...
June 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636237/microperforate-hymen-presenting-with-incomplete-abortion-a-case-report
#2
Maya Padhi, Priyadarshini Tripathy, Asutosh Sahu
A 20-year-old patient with 3 months of amenorrhea presented in the labor room with bleeding per vaginum and having experienced lower abdominal pain for 2 h. She had a history of difficult intercourse and prolonged menstrual flow. Inspection revealed a bleeding point over an obstructing membrane at the level of the vaginal introitus. Subsequent vaginal examination confirmed the diagnosis of microperforate hymen. Her urine pregnancy test was positive and an ultrasound examination revealed the presence of retained products of conception in the endometrial cavity...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632578/acute-abdominal-pain-recognition-and-management-of-constipation-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Stefania Norbedo, Giulia Bassanese, Francesca Barbieri, Egidio Barbi
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the study was to investigate the incidence and the clinically relevant features of functional constipation in patients evaluated for acute abdominal pain in a tertiary care pediatric emergency department. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. We analyzed 4394 medical records and recorded the information (demographics, triage code, symptoms, medical history, physical evaluation, laboratory tests, radiological studies, procedures, and treatments) of all patients admitted for acute abdominal pain to the emergency department of the IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, during 2010 to 2013...
June 20, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631871/efficacy-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastro-jejunostomy-peg-j-decompression-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-cipo
#4
H Ohkubo, A Fuyuki, J Arimoto, T Higurashi, T Nonaka, Y Inoh, H Iida, M Inamori, T Kaneda, A Nakajima
BACKGROUNDS: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is an intractable rare digestive disease manifesting persistent small bowel distension without any mechanical cause. Intestinal decompression is a key treatment, but conventional method including a trans-nasal small intestinal tube is invasive and painful. Therefore, a less invasive and tolerable new decompression method is urgently desired. We conducted a pilot study and assessed the efficacy and safety of percutaneous endoscopic gastro-jejunostomy (PEG-J) decompression therapy in CIPO patients...
June 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629246/clinical-significance-of-primary-symptoms-in-women-with-placental-abruption
#5
Youwen Mei, Yonghong Lina
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical significance of primary symptoms in women with placental abruption. METHODS: A retrospective study of 273 cases of placental abruption was performed. The subjects were classified into 2 groups according to primary symptoms: 210 cases of vaginal bleeding group and 63 cases of abdominal pain group. The clinical features, maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between two groups. RESULTS: The incidence of preeclampsia and preterm birth in vaginal bleeding group was significantly lower than abdominal pain group, while the incidence of premature rupture of membrane (PROM) in the former group was higher than that in the latter group...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626379/fifteen-year-old-male-with-type-2-autoimmune-pancreatitis-an-argument-for-endoscopy
#6
Nathan T Kolasinski, Marc T Johannsen, Justin R Hollon
Type 2 autoimmune pancreatitis, an increasingly recognized etiology of pancreatitis in patients less than 20 years old, has characteristically been diagnosed with the histological finding of duct-centric pancreatitis in a patient who lacks elevated serum immunoglobulin G4. We present the case of a nonobese 15-year-old male, without any chronic medical conditions, who presented with the chief complaint of abdominal pain. The laboratory study results were remarkable for a lipase level of 5,419 U/L and a γ-glutamyl transferase level of 373 U/L...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624008/a-systematic-review-of-yttrium-90-radioembolization-for-unresectable-liver-metastases-of-melanoma
#7
REVIEW
Zhongzhi Jia, Guomin Jiang, Chunfu Zhu, Kai Wang, Shaoqin Li, Xihu Qin
PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of yttrium-90 ((90)Y) radioembolization in the treatment of unresectable liver metastases of melanoma. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were systemically searched for all English language studies related to (90)Y radioembolization for unresectable liver metastases of melanoma, including clinical trials, observational studies, and abstracts from conferences, published between January 1991 and March 2016. RESULTS: A total of 12 reports (7 observational studies and 5 abstracts from conferences) involving 255 patients were included in the analysis...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621297/endoscopic-ultrasound-with-or-without-fine-needle-aspiration-has-a-meaningful-impact-on-clinical-care-in-the-pediatric-population
#8
Amit Raina, Maire A Conrad, Benjamin Sahn, Alireza Sedarat, Gregory G Ginsberg, Nuzhat A Ahmad, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Petar Mamula, Michael L Kochman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The safety and utility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for the evaluation and management of gastrointestinal (GI) tract disorders among adults has been established. The literature on safety and efficacy in a pediatric referral population (under 21 years of age) is limited. We hypothesized that EUS is safe and useful in the pediatric population. We reviewed the pediatric EUS experience at a single tertiary-care system. We describe the indications, findings, safety, technical success rate, and impact on clinical outcomes...
May 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620153/premature-labor-and-neonatal-septicemia-caused-by-capnocytophaga-ochracea
#9
Abdullah A Alhifany, Thamer A Almangour, Deanne E Tabb, David H Levine
BACKGROUND Capnocytophaga ochracea is a gram-negative anaerobic organism commonly found in human oral flora. It is characteristically sensitive to beta-lactams and resistant to aminoglycosides. CASE REPORT A 23-year-old woman presented with lower abdominal pain and was admitted for premature labor at 24-weeks of gestation. At presentation, the cervix was closed and the membrane was intact; however, contractions continued, the membrane subsequently ruptured before receiving any steroids or magnesium, and the mother gave birth to a 540-gram female baby...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616621/a-rare-cause-of-acute-abdominal-pain-in-children-isolated-tubal-torsion-a-case-series
#10
Yasemin Dere Gunal, Gokhan Berktug Bahadir, Ozlem Boybeyı, Aylin Pelin Cıl, Mustafa Kemal Aslan
Isolated tubal torsion -a rare cause of acute abdomen in children-is usually difficult to diagnose because of non-specific findings. Surgical salphingectomy is required in delayed diagnosis in most cases. Three sexual inactive adolescents diagnosed in isolated tubal torsion (ITT) were discussed for its diagnostic features and surgical management. Laboratory tests and radiological studies including ultrasonography (US), color doppler ultrasound were performed in all patients after evaluation for acute lower abdominal pain in emergency department and they underwent surgical intervention with laparotomy (n:2) and laparoscopy (n:1)...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616610/current-approaches-to-gastric-cancer-in-peru-and-mexico
#11
REVIEW
Erlan Santos
In Peru, the incidence of gastric cancer is reported to be around 15.8 per 100,000 inhabitants and it is the second most common oncological disease in men and the third one in women. Additionally, a high mortality index was reported, especially among poor people. To address this issue, in 2008, Peru initiated several insurance treatment plans of oncological diseases with promising results. In Mexico, there is a high predominance of gastric cancer in male gender compared to female gender, even reaching a 2/1 ratio, and the detection rate of early gastric cancer is low (10% to 20%) which results in a mainly palliative treatment with an overall survival rate in 5 years about 10% to 15% only...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608661/campylobacter-jejuni-bacteremia-in-a-liver-cirrhosis-patient-and-review-of-literature-a-case-study
#12
Jin Gu Yoon, Saem Na Lee, Hak Jun Hyun, Min Joo Choi, Ji Ho Jeon, Eunju Jung, Seonghui Kang, Jeeyong Kim, Ji Yun Noh, Won Suk Choi, Joon Young Song, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim
Campylobacter infection causes gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain or diarrhea. Occasionally, Campylobacter bacteremia affects immunocompromised patients; however, serious outcomes are known to be rare. Here, we present a case of a patient with Campylobacter bacteremia who had underlying liver cirrhosis. The patient had fever and diarrhea. These symptoms subsided after treatment with cefotaxime. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated in the blood culture after 10 days. In addition, previously reported cases of Campylobacter bacteremia in Asian countries were reviewed with respect to antimicrobial sensitivities...
May 26, 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602457/acute-idiopathic-gastric-distension-causing-atrioventricular-block-and-cardiogenic-shock
#13
Ryan Stringer, Megan Schrader
BACKGROUND: We report a rare case of acute idiopathic gastric dilatation with associated severe bradycardia and shock. CASE REPORT: A 69-year-old woman presented to the emergency department (ED) with complaint of chest pain and dyspnea. The patient required transvenous cardiac pacing for profound bradycardia and cardiogenic shock. After a negative emergent cardiac catheterization, a flat plate abdominal x-ray study demonstrated massive gastric dilatation, prompting nasogastric tube placement, with subsequent rapid improvement of the patient's cardiovascular and metabolic instability...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598047/awareness-and-outcome-of-changing-trends-in-clinical-profile-of-dengue-fever-a-retrospective-analysis-of-dengue-epidemic-from-january-to-december-2014-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#14
Jitendra Singh, Anju Dinkar, Virendra Atam, D Himanshu, Kamlesh Kumar Gupta, Kauser Usman, Ravi Misra
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is caused by mosquito-borne arboviral infection that has become a public health concern globally. Recently, an alarming rise of dengue has also been seen in India. Hence the study was undertaken to know profile of clinical manifestations and laboratory findings during the evolution of dengue fever. METHODS: In this study, retrospective data analysis was done in 216 seropositive dengue patients admitted between January to December 2014 in department of medicine at a north Indian care hospital...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597681/mesenteric-portal-axis-thrombosis-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-inferior-vena-cava-agenesis
#15
Laia Lluis Pons, Nadia Chahri Vizcarro, Silvia Llaverias Borrell, Carlos Miquel Abbad
Splenoportal axis thrombosis not associated with cirrhosis or neoplasms has a prevalence lower than 5 per 10,000 people. An etiologic factor responsible for portal thrombosis is finally identified in most cases, usually systemic thrombogenic factors or predisposing local factors. However, despite a detailed study of all etiologic factors, up to 30% of cases are eventually considered as idiopathic in origin. We report the case of a 41-year-old patient who presented with abdominal pain and lower extremity edema...
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597672/pancreas-burkitt-primary-lymphoma-in-pediatric-age
#16
Joao Araújo, Carlos Sampaio Macedo, Luciana Sousa
We present an the case of an eight-year-old Portuguese boy with no history of traveling, admitted with non-specific abdominal pain. An analytic study revealed high levels of lipase and amylase. Ultrasound, abdominal computerized tomography (CT), and an abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), were performed. The imaging findings are suggestive of a pancreatic tumor which is an extremely rare entity in children. A biopsy was performed by opened surgery and identified a Burkitt lymphoma.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594620/abdominal-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children
#17
Jagrati Chopra, Neal Patel, Dharamveer Basude, Elena Gil-Zaragozano, Siba Prosad Paul
Recurrent abdominal pain is a common presentation in children and mostly non-organic in origin. Nearly one-fifth of the childhood population are known to suffer from it worldwide, although only 50% of these may seek consultation with a health professional. Non-organic recurrent abdominal pain encompasses four main conditions broadly labelled as abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). These are diagnosed following exclusion of organic pathologies and by symptom concordance with defined parameters, published as the Rome IV criteria for FGIDs...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593410/xanthogranulomatous-cholecystitis-is-an-initial-laparoscopic-approach-feasible
#18
Jae Woo Park, Kee-Hwan Kim, Say-June Kim, Sang Kuon Lee
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis is an inflammatory disease with pathologically distinct characteristics such as accumulation of lipid-laden macrophages, fibrous tissue, and acute and chronic inflammatory cells. It often involves adjacent organs and mimics gallbladder cancer. The purpose of this study was to review the clinical findings of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis and to determine the appropriate treatment plan. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical demographics, operation records, and postoperative results of 31 patients with a pathological diagnosis of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis who underwent surgery between January 2010 and 2015 at two university hospitals...
June 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588185/mucinous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-appendix-a-case-report
#19
M K Khan, R H Talukder, M J Uddin
Primary tumors of the appendix are unusual and most of them are carcinoids. Their main presentation is that of an acute appendicitis or as a palpable mass, mainly in the right lower quadrant. A 40 years old male patient presented in Dhaka Community Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh on 31st October 2013 with mucous adenocarcinoma of the appendix, which primarily presented as heaviness in right lower abdomen and atypical abdominal pain. Diagnosis of the disease was made after right hemicolectomy and histopathological analysis of the specimen...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588169/outcome-of-surgical-drainage-of-the-pancreatic-duct-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#20
S R Islam, S Rahman, S Rahman, H Kumar, S A Sarkar
Abdominal pain, one of the major symptoms of chronic pancreatitis, is believed to be caused by obstruction of the pancreatic duct system by stones or strictures. This results in increased intraductal pressure and parenchymal ischemia. Surgical decompression of the duct and ductal drainage can achieve best pain relieve and slow the progression of the disease. We want to share our experience of surgical drainage of pancreatic duct in chronic pancreatitis in our hospital. We studied 20 cases operated in our hospital between January 2010 and October 2015...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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