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abdominal pain case studies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808809/evidence-of-dengue-virus-replication-in-a-non-traumatic-spleen-rupture-case
#1
Luiz José de Souza, João de Azevedo, Liza Ingride Acha Kohler, Lorena de Freitas Barros, Mariana Arêdes Lima, Emiliana Mandarano Silva, Ronaldo Mohana-Borges, Priscila Conrado Guerra Nunes, Marciano Viana Paes
The present report describes a case of splenic rupture due to dengue, a rare complication of dengue that should be considered in any patient with suspected dengue disease who started with left upper quadrant abdominal pain and hypotension. The pathophysiology of this entity is not yet well elucidated, but one of the theories present in the literature is that it is due to a depletion of coagulation factors and platelets leading to intra-splenic hemorrhage and rupture. The RT-PCR technique detected serotype 1 and histopathological studies of the spleen revealed significant atrophy of lymphoid follicles and extensive hemorrhage areas...
August 14, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808572/a-mesenteric-solid-tumor-with-unusual-features-in-a-young-male-a-case-report
#2
Yoshitoshi Ichikawa, Tamaki Maeda, Gaku Mizojiri, Satoshi Ishikawa, Takaomi Hagi, Kimiaki Hattori, Hiroshi Oka
The current study presents a mesenteric mesenchymal tumor case, with unusual features in diagnostic imaging and histology. A 16-year-old male was admitted to the hospital with abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed an abdominal mass, 2 cm in diameter. The results of contrast-enhanced CT, magnetic resonance imaging and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography indicated no specific features suggestive of its histology. Two arteries branching from the superior mesenteric artery were observed feeding the hypervascular tumor...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808565/acute-pancreatitis-a-7-year-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-epidemiology-aetiology-and-outcome-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-jamaica
#3
Gail P Reid, Eric W Williams, Damian K Francis, Michael G Lee
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a significant cause of acute abdominal pain, morbidity and hospitalisation. There was previously a dearth of studies exploring the incidence, risk factors and outcome of AP in the Caribbean region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of AP admitted to the University Hospital of the West Indies (UHWI) between 2006 and 2012 were reviewed. The epidemiological profile, risk factors, clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with AP were retrospectively studied...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808371/efficacy-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-approach-in-the-patient-with-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-critical-care-outpatient-department
#4
Manu Goyal, Kanu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Narkeesh Arumugam, Subhasish Chatterjee, Sorabh Sharma
The purpose of the present case study was to explore the efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in patient with pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in the critical care outpatient department. Here, we present a 48-year-old male case with breathlessness, increased frequency of defecation, and pain in and around the nape of neck with diagnosed pulmonary fibrosis. He scored 3 on a patient-reported modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale. Osteopathic examination reveals multiple somatic findings across the chest and abdominal region and treated by OMT...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802093/clinical-aspects-of-opium-adulterated-with-lead-in-iran-a-review
#5
Samira Alinejad, Jan Aaseth, Mohammad Abdollahi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Omid Mehrpour
Adulteration of drugs with poisonous substances during production or consumption has caused numerous health problems. Among contaminants that have the potential of producing poisonous effects are the heavy metals lead, arsenic and thallium that make up an important group of toxic substances. The emergence of these new health problems related to opioid abuse has precipitated this MiniReview on the status of the most hazardous and common opioid adulterants. In fact, adulterated opium is a major public health problem and can threaten the health of users...
August 12, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800730/genotypes-of-hepatitis-a-virus-in-turkey-first-report-and-clinical-profile-of-children-infected-with-sub-genotypes-ia-and-iiia
#6
Huseyin Yilmaz, Asiye Karakullukcu, Nuri Turan, Utku Y Cizmecigil, Aysun Yilmaz, Ayse A Ozkul, Ozge Aydin, Alper Gunduz, Mahmut Mete, Fadile Y Zeyrek, Taner T Kirazoglu, Juergen A Richt, Bekir Kocazeybek
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a food and water-borne virus causing clinical (mainly hepatitis) and subclinical disease in humans. It is important to characterize circulating strains of HAV in order to prevent HAV infections using efficacious vaccines. The aim of this study was the detection and characterization of the circulating strains of HAV in Turkey by performing serology, RT-PCR, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. METHODS: In this study, 355 HAV suspected cases were analysed by ELISA for the presence of antibodies to HAV...
August 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800576/heterotopic-pregnancy-including-intrauterine-normal-gestation-and-tubal-complete-hydatidiform-mole-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Dan Lu, Jian Jenny Tang, Konstantin Zakashansky, Ross S Berkowitz, Tamara Kalir, Yuxin Liu
We report a rare case of heterotopic pregnancy with intrauterine normal gestation alongside tubal complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) that resulted in a viable pregnancy after removal of molar tissue. Because of their rarity and inherent complexity, such cases represent a significant challenge in diagnosis and management. A 34-year-old female in her 10th week of gestation presented with nausea, vomiting, and intermittent abdominal pain that progressively worsened. Imaging studies revealed a normal intrauterine fetus and an 11-cm heterogenous mass in the left adnexal region...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797546/cell-free-deoxyribonucleic-acid-as-a-prognostic-marker-of-bowel-ischemia-in-patients-with-small-bowel-obstruction
#8
Uri Netz, Zvi Perry, Solly Mizrahi, Boris Kirshtein, David Czeiger, Gilbert Sebbag, Avraham Reshef, Amos Douvdevani
BACKGROUND: Patients with strangulation small bowel obstruction are at a high risk for serious morbidity and mortality due to ischemic bowel. Measuring serum, cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid levels could help recognize early cell death. Our hypothesis was that small bowel ischemia or necrosis is associated with increases in serum cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid and that recovery is associated with a decrease in cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid levels. METHODS: A prospective cohort study in addition to standard treatment of patients admitted with a diagnosis of small bowel obstruction...
August 7, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776383/hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-without-advanced-fibrosis-after-eradication-of-hcv-with-antiviral-treatment
#9
Yolanda Sánchez-Torrijos, Jara Eloísa Ternero Vega, Carmen Cepeda Franco
From the last few years, hepatitis C virus and the new direct antiviral treatments are being more and more important. In consequence, case studies like the one we present, the appearance of hepatocelullar carcinoma after its eradication with fibrosis grade 2, are getting special interest. In 2007, our patient was treated with pegylated interferon α-2a and ribavirin, having a sustained virological response after it. In this way, liver fibrosis grade 2 was confirmed by a biopsy. Finally, after corroborating a good liver functioning, the patient was discharged (as, according to the guidebooks, an ultrasound scan of screeing every 6 months was not required)...
August 4, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765662/-retrorectal-cystic-hamartoma-tailgut-cyst-an-uncommon-cause-of-recurrent-abdominal-pain
#10
M Ostiz Llanos, N Yanguas Barea, G Jiménez López de Oñate, G González Álvarez, I Fernández de Los Reyes
Retrorectal cystic hamartomas are rare congenital lesions that arise from aberrant remnants of the postanal gut. Most of them appear as asymptomatic lesions in middle-aged women but they can manifest with nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal or pelvic pain, constipation or diarrhoea, genitourinary symptoms, etc. Due to their anatomical position and variable presentation these lesions are often misdiagnosed. Complications include infection and malignant transformation, which is the reason why surgical treatment is always indicated...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764747/dengue-specific-serotype-related-to-clinical-severity-during-the-2012-2013-epidemic-in-centre-of-brazil
#11
Benigno A M Rocha, Adriana O Guilarde, Angela F L T Argolo, Marianna Peres Tassara, Lucimeire A da Silveira, Isabela C Junqueira, Marília D Turchi, Valéria C R Féres, Celina M T Martelli
Please see Additional file 1 for translations of the abstract into the five official working languages of the United Nations. BACKGROUND: Currently, in Brazil, there is a co-circulation of the four dengue (DENV-1 to DENV-4) serotypes. This study aimed to assess whether different serotypes and antibody response patterns were associated with the severity of the disease during a dengue outbreak, which occurred in 2012/2013 in centre of Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study with 452 patients with laboratory confirmed dengue in central Brazil, from January 2012 to July 2013...
August 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764244/a-rare-case-of-intestinal-malrotation-and-volvulus-of-jejunum-with-coexisting-carcinoid-tumour-of-appendix
#12
Priyanka Tiwari, Darshan Patel, Vimal Dhaduk, Prasanna Kumar Reddy, Jainudeen Khalander Abdul Jameel
Malrotation of the midgut is generally regarded as a paediatric pathology. It is rare in adults. Patients may present with symptoms of acute bowel obstruction or chronic abdominal pain. Barium study, Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), diagnostic laparoscopy and sometimes explorative laparotomy are used for diagnosis. Ladd's procedure through the open approach has been the treatment of choice for complete malrotation of midgut, however there are reports on successful outcome for both complete and incomplete malrotation after laparoscopic approach as well...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762459/a-rare-cause-of-hemoperitoneum-a-case-report-of-ruptured-ileocolic-artery-aneurysm
#13
Adem Bayraktar, Kaan Gök, Fatih Yanar, Bahar Canbay Torun, Cemalettin Ertekin
Visceral artery aneurysm (VAA) is very rare among vascular pathologies. Incidence reported in autopsy series and angiographic studies varies between 0.1% and 0.2%. Most cases are asymptomatic and are diagnosed as result of complications, or incidentally, when imaging is performed for another reason. Three percent of VAAs are superior mesenteric artery (SMA) terminal branch aneurysms. Intra- and/or extraperitoneal bleeding due to ruptured aneurysm is life-threatening condition and requires emergent intervention...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762455/ischemia-modified-albumin-and-other-inflammatory-markers-in-the-diagnosis-of-appendicitis-in-children
#14
Selçuk Nazik, Veli Avci, Zeynep Küskü Kiraz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine relationship of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) level, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), white blood cell (WBC) count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV) to appendicitis in children. METHODS: Study included total of 63 patients who presented at hospital between May 2015 and November 2015. Of these, 30 were cases of appendicitis, and 33 were healthy control subjects...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761617/hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-clinicopathological-study-of-64-cases
#15
Faten Limaiem, Marwa Bouhamed, Ghada Sahraoui, Sabeh Mzabi
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common of all liver cancers and is a major worldwide public health problem. The aim of this study was to provide an updated overview on clinicopathological features, treatment and outcome of HCC. In our retrospective study, we reviewed 64 cases of HCC that were diagnosed at the pathology department of Mongi Slim hospital over a fifteen-year period (2000- 2014). Relevant clinical information and microscopic slides were retrospectively reviewed. Our study group included 38 men and 26 women (sex ratio M/F = 1,26) aged between 8 and 83 years (mean = 56,64 years)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761475/the-helminths-causing-surgical-or-endoscopic-abdominal-intervention-a-review-article
#16
REVIEW
Erdal Uysal, Mehmet Dokur
BACKGROUND: Helminths sometimes require surgical or endoscopic intervention. Helminths may cause acute abdomen, mechanical intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, perforation, hepatitis, pancreatitis, and appendicitis. This study aimed to determine the surgical diseases that helminths cause and to gather, analyze the case reports, case series and original articles about this topic in literature. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective observational study...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759335/tubercular-abdominal-cocoon-systematic-review-of-an-uncommon-form-of-tuberculosis
#17
Vishal Sharma, Harjeet Singh, Harshal S Mandavdhare
BACKGROUND: Abdominal cocoon formation is an uncommon manifestation of abdominal tuberculosis that is characterized by the formation of a fibrous membrane-like sac around the small intestinal loops. Appropriate treatment and outcomes are uncertain Objectives: To review the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcomes for tubercular abdominal cocoon (TAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included studies published in the English language and listed in EMBASE or PubMed...
July 31, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751235/laparoscopic-uterovaginal-anastomosis-for-cervical-agenesis-a-case-report
#18
Ameya Padmawar, Rizwana Syed, Suyash Naval
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate possibility of an innovative surgery for management of cervical agenesis. DESIGN: Step wise description of laparoscopic uterovaginal anastomosis. SETTING: Isolated cervical agenesis occurs in 1 in 80000 to 100000 births. According to the American Fertility Society, cervical agenesis should be classified as a type Ib müllerian anomaly. According to ESHRE/ESGE classification, it is classified in class C4 category...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751057/the-role-of-surgical-management-in-primary-small-bowel-lymphoma-a-single-center-experience
#19
Y-W Hong, I-M Kuo, Y-Y Liu, T-S Yeh
INTRODUCTION: Information on primary small intestinal lymphoma is more limited than for gastric lymphoma because most of the previous studies did not focus on the former. Few prognostic indicators in primary intestinal lymphoma have been reliably established because of limited patient numbers and variations in criteria for patient selection. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical and pathological characteristics of small intestinal lymphoma cases from our hospital, to determine prognostic factors and to clarify the effect of surgical resection on prognosis...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750966/the-effectiveness-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-an-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-related-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hr-qol-a-case-report
#20
Kanu Goyal, Manu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Sorabh Sharma, Subhasish Chatterjee, Narkeesh Arumugam
Abnormal uterine bleeding is characterized by painful and/or excessive menorrhea, chronic pelvic pain due to the endometriosis (Em). Osteopathic treatment is commonly used in the gynecological dysfunctions. The aim of the present case study was to explore the effect of osteopathic treatment (OT) for a woman with abnormal uterine bleeding related pain and quality of life (QoL). We reported a case of 29 year old female who presented with chief complaints of increased flow during periods, lower abdominal pain, leukorrhoea, lower back pain and with occasional constipation for the last 3 years...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
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