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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829613/preparation-of-2-amino-3-arylindoles-via-pd-catalyzed-coupling-between-3-diazoindolin-2-imines-and-arylboronic-acids-as-well-as-their-extension-to-3-aryl-3-fluoroindolin-2-imines
#1
Hualong Ding, Songlin Bai, Ping Lu, Yanguang Wang
2-Amino-3-arylindoles were conveniently prepared from 3-diazoindolin-2-imines and arylboronic acids through palladium carbene intermediates in moderate to excellent yields. The synthesized 2-amino-3-arylindoles could be fluorinated with NFSI to afford 3-aryl-3-fluoroindolin-2-imines.
August 22, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827768/one-pot-in-situ-hydrothermal-growth-of-bivo4-ag-rgo-hybrid-architectures-for-solar-water-splitting-and-environmental-remediation
#2
Santosh S Patil, Mukund G Mali, Mostafa Afifi Hassan, Deepak R Patil, Sanjay S Kolekar, Sang-Wan Ryu
BiVO4 is ubiquitously known for its potential use as photoanode for PEC-WS due to its well-suited band structure; nevertheless, it suffers from the major drawback of a slow electron hole separation and transportation. We have demonstrated the one-pot synthesis of BiVO4/Ag/rGO hybrid photoanodes on a fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)-coated glass substrate using a facile and cost-effective hydrothermal method. The structural, morphological, and optical properties were extensively examined, confirming the formation of hybrid heterostructures...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826522/small-prosthetic-groups-in-18-f-radiochemistry-useful-auxiliaries-for-the-design-of-18-f-pet-tracers
#3
REVIEW
Ralf Schirrmacher, Björn Wängler, Justin Bailey, Vadim Bernard-Gauthier, Esther Schirrmacher, Carmen Wängler
Prosthetic group (PG) applications in (18)F-radiochemistry play a pivotal role among current (18)F(-)labeling techniques for the development and availability of (18)F-labeled imaging probes for PET (Wahl, 2002) ((1)). The introduction and popularization of PGs in the mid-80s by pioneers in (18)F-radiochemistry has profoundly changed the landscape of available tracers for PET and has led to a multitude of new imaging agents based on simple and efficiently synthesized PGs. Because of the chemical nature of anionic (18)F(-) (apart from electrophilic low specific activity (18)F-fluorine), radiochemistry before the introduction of PGs was limited to simple nucleophilic substitutions of leaving group containing precursor molecules...
September 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826206/isolation-of-an-antiaromatic-singlet-cyclopentadienyl-zwitterion
#4
Paolo Costa, Iris Trosien, Joel Mieres-Pérez, Wolfram Sander
The reaction of triplet tetrachlorocyclopentadienylidene with BF3 in rare gas matrices yields a zwitterion consisting of a cyclopentadienyl cation bearing the positive charge and a negatively charged BF3 unit. IR and UV-vis spectra as well as the absence of EPR signals demonstrate a singlet ground state of the zwitterion, and its calculated geometry and magnetic properties clearly reveal a strong antiaromatic character. The zwitterion is highly labile, and by visible or IR irradiation rearranges via a 1,2-fluorine migration from boron to carbon...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822108/semi-quantitative-metabolic-values-on-fdg-pet-ct-including-extracardiac-sites-of-disease-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-course-in-patients-with-cardiac-sarcoidosis
#5
Mitsutomi Ishiyama, Laurie A Soine, Hubert J Vesselle
BACKGROUND: Cardiac sarcoidosis is associated with major adverse cardiac events including cardiac arrest, for which anti-inflammatory treatment is indicated. Oral corticosteroid is the mainstay among treatment options; however, adverse effects are a major concern with long-term use. It would be beneficial for providers to predict treatment response and prognosis for proper management strategy of sarcoidosis, though it remains challenging. Fluorine (F)-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography(PET)/computed tomography(CT) has an advantage over anatomical imaging in providing semi-quantitative functional parameters such as standard uptake value (SUV), metabolic volume, and total lesion glycolysis (TLG), which are well-established biomarkers in oncology...
August 18, 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820572/on-the-functionality-selection-principle-for-high-voltage-lithium-ion-battery-electrolyte-additives
#6
Chi-Cheung Su, Meinan He, Cameron Peebles, Li Zeng, Adam Tornheim, Chen Liao, Lu Zhang, Jie Wang, Yan Wang, Zhengcheng Zhang
A new class of electrolyte additives based on cyclic fluorinated phosphate esters was rationally desgined and identified as being able to stabilize the surface of LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2 (NMC532) cathode when cycled at potentials higher than 4.6 V vs. Li+/Li. Cyclic fluorinated phosphates were designed to incorporate functionalities of various existing additives to maximize their utilization. The synthesis and characterization of these new additives are described and their electrochemical performance in a NMC532/graphite cell cycled between 4...
August 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820466/a-dft-calculation-of-fluoride-doped-tio%C3%A2-nanotubes-for-detecting-sf%C3%A2-decomposition-components
#7
Xiaoxing Zhang, Jun Zhang, Xingchen Dong, Hao Cui
Gas insulated switchgear (GIS) plays an important role in the transmission and distribution of electric energy. Detecting and analyzing the decomposed components of SF₆ is one of the important methods to realize the on-line monitoring of GIS equipment. In this paper, considering the performance limits of intrinsic TiO₂ nanotube gas sensor, the adsorption process of H₂S, SO₂, SOF₂ and SO₂F₂ on fluoride-doped TiO₂ crystal plane was simulated by the first-principle method. The adsorption mechanism of these SF₆ decomposition components on fluorine-doped TiO₂ crystal plane was analyzed from a micro perspective...
August 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819972/a-solvent-toolkit-for-electrochemical-characterization-of-hybrid-perovskite-films
#8
Mehedhi Hasan, Swaminathan Venkatesan, Dmitry A Lyashenko, Jason D Slinker, Alex Zakhidov
Organohalide lead (hybrid) perovskites have emerged as competitive semiconducting materials for photovoltaic devices due to their high performance and low cost. To further the understanding and optimization of these materials, solution based methods for interrogating and modifying perovskite thin films are needed. In this work, we report hydrofluoroether (HFE) solvent based electrolyte for electrochemical processing and characterization of organic-inorganic trihalide lead perovskite thin films. Organic perovskite films are soluble in most of the polar organic solvents and thus until now they were not considered suitable for electrochemical processing...
August 18, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819900/effect-of-polyethylene-glycol-on-the-nio-photocathode
#9
Shengjun Li, Zeng Chen, Wenping Kong, Xiyang Jia, Junhao Cai, Shaokang Dong
In this study, a uniform nanoporous NiO film, with a thickness of up to 2.6 μm, was prepared using polyethylene glycol (PEG). The addition of PEG significantly decreased the cracks in the NiO film and prevented the peeling of the NiO film from a fluorine-doped tin oxide substrate. The NiO cathode was prepared using CdSeS quantum dots (QDs) as the sensitizer, with an optimized photoelectric conversion of 0.80%. The optimized QD-sensitized NiO films were first assembled with the TiO2 anode to prepared QD-sensitized p-n-type tandem solar cells...
August 17, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819880/theoretical-analysis-of-c-f-bond-cleavage-mediated-by-cob-i-alamin-based-structures
#10
D Cortés-Arriagada, A Toro-Labbe, J R Mora, L Rincón, R Mereau, F J Torres
In the present work, C-F bond cleavage mediated by the super-reduced form of cobalamin (i.e., Co(I)Cbl) was theoretically studied at the ONIOM(BP86/6-311++G(d,p):PM6) + SMD level of theory. Dispersion effects were introduced by employing Grimme's empirical dispersion at the ONIOM(BP86-D/6-311++G(d,p):PM6) + SMD level. In the first stage of the study, cobalamin was characterized in terms of the coordination number of the central cobalt atom. The ONIOM(BP86/6-311++G(d,p):PM6) results showed that the base-off form of the system is slightly more stable than its base-on counterpart (ΔE = E base-off - E base-on ~ -2 kcal/mol)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819096/controlled-radical-fluorination-of-poly-meth-acrylic-acids-in-aqueous-solution
#11
Yucheng Dong, Zhentao Wang, Chaozhong Li
Fluorinated alkenes exhibit very poor reactivity in copolymerization with non-fluorinated polar monomers such as acrylates. Herein we describe a convenient method for the synthesis of poly(vinyl fluoride-co-acrylic acid) and poly(2-fluoropropene-co-methacrylic acid) copolymers. Thus, the silver-catalyzed decarboxylative radical fluorination of poly(acrylic acid) with Selectfluor in water at room temperature affords poly(vinyl fluoride-co-acrylic acid) copolymers in high yields with well-defined molecular weights and polydispersities...
August 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818531/the-position-of-fluorine-in-cp-118-954-affects-ache-inhibition-potency-and-pet-imaging-quantification-for-ache-expression-in-the-rat-brain
#12
Byung Chul Lee, Byung Seok Moon, Hyun Soo Park, Jae Ho Jung, Hyun Sik Park, Do Dam Park, Modesto de Candia, Nunzio Denora, Cosimo D Altomare, Sang Eun Kim
The in vitro inhibition potency against acetylcholinesterase (AChE) of fluorinated derivatives of CP-118,954 (1) has been shown to depend upon the position of aromatic fluorine (F) substitution on the N-benzyl moiety. Indeed, the meta-F-substituted compound 3 (IC50=1.4nM) shows similar potency with the parent compound 1 (IC50=1.2nM), whereas the ortho-F derivative 2 (IC50=3.2nM) and para-F derivative 4 (IC50=10.8nM) were found to be less potent AChE inhibitors. A comparative in vivo microdialysis study in rats showed that 3 has the strongest effect on the neuropharmacological properties as AChE inhibitor...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817456/role-of-various-semiquantitative-parameters-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-studies-for-interim-treatment-response-evaluation-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#13
Akshima Sharma, Anant Mohan, Ashu Seith Bhalla, Sreenivas Vishnubhatla, Anil Kumar Pandey, Chandra Sekhar Bal, Rakesh Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the role of various semiquantitative parameters obtained from fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in interim treatment response assessment in biopsy-proven non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to find the best parameter, if any. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Totally, 32 patients (male/female: 25/7) with biopsy proven NSCLC and a mean age of 54.71±12.65 years were enrolled in the study. Each patient underwent whole-body F-FDG PET/CT scan after injecting 5...
August 16, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816956/differential-diagnosis-of-posterior-fossa-brain-tumors-multiple-discriminant-analysis-of-tl-spect-and-fdg-pet
#14
Moritaka Yamauchi, Tomohisa Okada, Tsutomu Okada, Akira Yamamoto, Yasutaka Fushimi, Yoshiki Arakawa, Susumu Miyamoto, Kaori Togashi
This study investigated the combined capability of thallium-201 (Tl)-SPECT and fluorine-18-fluoro-deoxy-glucose (FDG)-PET for differential diagnosis of posterior fossa brain tumors using multiple discriminant analysis.This retrospective study was conducted under approval of the institutional review board. In the hospital information system, 27 patients with posterior fossa intra-axial tumor between January 2009 and June 2015 were enrolled and grouped as the following 7 entities: low grade glioma (LGG) 6, anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) 2, glioblastoma (GBM) 3, medulloblastoma (MB) 3, hemangioblastoma (HB) 6, metastatic tumor (Mets) 3, and malignant lymphoma (ML) 4...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816007/fluorous-phase-directed-peptide-assembly-affords-nano-peptisomes-capable-of-ultrasound-triggered-cellular-delivery
#15
Scott H Medina, Megan S Michie, Stephen E Miller, Martin J Schnermann, Joel P Schneider
Here, we report the design, synthesis and efficacy of a new class of ultrasound (US)-sensitive self-assembled peptide-based nanoparticle. Peptisomes are prepared via templated assembly of a de novo designed peptide at the interface of fluorinated nanodroplets. Utilizing peptide assembly allows for facile particle synthesis, direct incorporation of bioactive sequences displayed from the particle corona, and the ability to easily encapsulate biologics during particle preparation using a mild solvent exchange procedure...
August 16, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815337/fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-as-an-objective-substitute-for-ct-morphologic-response-criteria-in-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy-for-colorectal-liver-metastases
#16
Yujiro Nishioka, Ryuji Yoshioka, Wataru Gonoi, Toshitaka Sugawara, Shuntaro Yoshida, Masaji Hashimoto, Junichi Shindoh
PURPOSE: The computed tomography (CT) morphologic response of colorectal liver metastases (CLM) after chemotherapy is reportedly correlated with pathologic response and survival outcomes of patients undergoing surgery. However, they are rather subjective criteria and not evaluable without adequate quality of contrast-enhanced CT images. This study sought the potential use of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) as an objective substitute for predicting pathological viability of CLM after chemotherapy...
August 16, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812889/influence-of-small-fluorophilic-and-lipophilic-organic-molecules-on-dppc-bilayers
#17
Martin Brehm, Ghulam Saddiq, Tobias Watermann, Daniel Sebastiani
In this study, we investigate the effect of a series of additive molecules with different types of philicities on the structure and dynamics of DPPC bilayers. To this aim, we performed extensive force field molecular dynamics simulations of the systems, using our recently developed perfluoroalkane force field. We found that addition of perfluoro-n-decane and fluorotelomer alcohol at 323 K leads to a phase transition of the membrane from liquid crystalline to gel phase, whereas the addition of n-decane and partially fluorinated n-decane leaves the liquid crystalline phase intact...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811997/estimation-of-kidneys-and-urinary-bladder-doses-based-on-the-region-of-interest-in-18-fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-examination-a-preliminary-study
#18
Farida Aimi Mustapha, Farahnaz Ahmad Anwar Bashah, Ihsan M Yassin, Ahmad Saad Fathinul Fikri, Abdul Jalil Nordin, Hairil Rashmizal Abdul Razak
BACKGROUND: Kidneys and urinary bladder are common physiologic uptake sites of 18fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) causing increased exposure of low energy ionizing radiation to these organs. Accurate measurement of organ dose is vital as (18)F-FDG is directly exposed to the organs. Organ dose from (18)F-FDG PET is calculated according to the injected (18)F-FDG activity with the application of dose coefficients established by International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP)...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809563/domino-fluorination-protodefluorination-enables-decarboxylative-cross-coupling-of-%C3%AE-oxocarboxylic-acids-with-styrene-via-photoredox-catalysis
#19
Muliang Zhang, Junwei Xi, Rehanguli Ruzi, Nan Li, Zhongkai Wu, Weipeng Li, Chengjian Zhu
Domino-fluorination-protodefluorination decarboxylative cross-coupling of α-keto acids with styrene has been developed via photoredox catalysis. The critical part of this strategy is the formation of the carbon-fluorine (C-F) bond by the capture of a carbon-centered radical intermediate, which will overcome side reactions during the styrene radical functionalization process. Experimental studies have provided evidence indicating a domino-fluorination-protodefluorination pathway, with α-keto acid initiating the photoredox cycle...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809454/palladium-catalysed-carbon-fluorine-and-carbon-hydrogen-bond-alumination-of-fluoroarenes-and-heteroarenes
#20
Mark Richard Crimmin, Wenyi Chen, Thomas Hooper, Andrew White, Jamues Ng
Through serendipitous discovery, a palladium bis(phosphine) complex was identified as a catalyst for the selective transformation of sp2C-F and sp2C-H bonds of fluoroarenes and heteroarenes to sp2C-Al bonds (19 examples, 1 mol% Pd loading). The carbon-fluorine bond functionalization reaction is highly selective for the formation of organoaluminum products in preference to hydrodefluorination products (selectivity = 4.4:1 to 27:1). Evidence is presented for a two step mechanism in which hydrodefluorination is followed by sp2C-H alumination...
August 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
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