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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102943/comparison-of-five-cluster-validity-indices-performance-in-brain-18-f-fet-pet-image-segmentation-using-k-means
#1
Bedor Abualhaj, Guoyang Weng, Melissa Ong, Ali Asgar Attarwala, Flavia Molina, Karen Büsing, Gerhard Glatting
PURPOSE: Dynamic [(18) F]fluoro-ethyl-L-tyrosine positron emission tomography ([(18) F]FET-PET) is used to identify tumor lesions for radiotherapy treatment planning, to differentiate glioma recurrence from radiation necrosis and to classify gliomas grading. To segment different regions in the brain k-means cluster analysis can be used. The main disadvantage of k-means is that the number of clusters must be pre-defined. In this study, we therefore compared different cluster validity indices for automated and reproducible determination of the optimal number of clusters based on the dynamic PET data...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101193/-18-f-flt-and-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-early-therapeutic-effects-of-chemotherapy-on-walker-256-tumor-bearing-rats
#2
Weina Xu, Shupeng Yu, Jun Xin, Qiyong Guo
The present study aimed to evaluate the early therapeutic effects of chemotherapy on Walker 256 tumor-bearing Wistar rats via F-18-fluoro-3'-deoxy-3'-L-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT) and F-18-fluoro-deoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) imaging. Walker 256 tumor-bearing Wistar rats were subjected to (18)F-FLT and (18)F-FDG PET-CT imaging prior to and 24 and 48 h after epirubicin chemotherapy. (18)F-FLT and (18)F-FDG uptake [tumor/muscle (T/M)], the percentage of injected dose per gram (% ID/g), and the Ki-67 labeling index (LI-Ki-67) were quantitatively determined for each rat prior to and following epirubicin chemotherapy...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100832/reporter-gene-imaging-of-targeted-t-cell-immunotherapy-in-recurrent-glioma
#3
Khun Visith Keu, Timothy H Witney, Shahriar Yaghoubi, Jarrett Rosenberg, Anita Kurien, Rachel Magnusson, John Williams, Frezghi Habte, Jamie R Wagner, Stephen Forman, Christine Brown, Martin Allen-Auerbach, Johannes Czernin, Winson Tang, Michael C Jensen, Behnam Badie, Sanjiv S Gambhir
High-grade gliomas are aggressive cancers that often become rapidly fatal. Immunotherapy using CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), engineered to express both herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV1-TK) and interleukin-13 (IL-13) zetakine chimeric antigen receptor (CAR), is a treatment strategy with considerable potential. To optimize this and related immunotherapies, it would be helpful to monitor CTL viability and trafficking to glioma cells. We show that noninvasive positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with 9-[4-[(18)F]fluoro-3-(hydroxymethyl)butyl]guanine ([(18)F]FHBG) can track HSV1-tk reporter gene expression present in CAR-engineered CTLs...
January 18, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099841/targeted-inhibition-of-egfr-and-glutaminase-induces-metabolic-crisis-in-egfr-mutant-lung-cancer
#4
Milica Momcilovic, Sean T Bailey, Jason T Lee, Michael C Fishbein, Clara Magyar, Daniel Braas, Thomas Graeber, Nicholas J Jackson, Johannes Czernin, Ethan Emberley, Matthew Gross, Julie Janes, Andy Mackinnon, Alison Pan, Mirna Rodriguez, Melissa Works, Winter Zhang, Francesco Parlati, Susan Demo, Edward Garon, Kostyantyn Krysan, Tonya C Walser, Steven M Dubinett, Saman Sadeghi, Heather R Christofk, David B Shackelford
Cancer cells exhibit increased use of nutrients, including glucose and glutamine, to support the bioenergetic and biosynthetic demands of proliferation. We tested the small-molecule inhibitor of glutaminase CB-839 in combination with erlotinib on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as a therapeutic strategy to simultaneously impair cancer glucose and glutamine utilization and thereby suppress tumor growth. Here, we show that CB-839 cooperates with erlotinib to drive energetic stress and activate the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway in EGFR (del19) lung tumors...
January 17, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099838/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2016-biomarkers-biochemical-markers
#5
REVIEW
A Mobasheri, A-C Bay-Jensen, W E van Spil, J Larkin, M C Levesque
PURPOSE: The aim of this "Year in Review" article is to summarize and discuss the implications of biochemical marker related articles published between the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) 2015 Congress in Seattle and the OARSI 2016 Congress in Amsterdam. METHODS: The PubMed/MEDLINE bibliographic database was searched using the combined keywords: 'biomarker' and 'osteoarthritis'. The PubMed/MEDLINE literature search was conducted using the Advanced Search Builder function (http://www...
January 2, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099019/combined-molecular-dynamics-atoms-in-molecules-and-ir-studies-of-the-bulk-mono-fluoro-ethanol-and-bulk-ethanol-to-understand-the-role-of-organic-fluorine-in-hydrogen-bond-network
#6
Biswajit Biswas, Saptarsi Mondal, Prashant Chandra Singh
Presence of the fluorocarbon group in fluorinated alcohols makes them an important class of molecules which have diverse applications in the field of separation techniques, synthetic chemistry, polymer industry, and biology. In this paper, we have performed the density function theory calculation along with atom in molecule analysis, molecular dynamics simulation as well as IR measurements of the bulk mono fluoro-ethanol (MFE) and compared them with the bulk ethanol (ETH) in order to understand the effect of fluorocarbon group in the structure as well as hydrogen bond network of the bulk MFE...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099017/absence-of-intramolecular-charge-transfer-with-4-fluoro-n-n-dimethylaniline-dma4f-contrary-to-an-experimental-report-supported-by-computations
#7
Klaas A Zachariasse, Attila Demeter, Sergey I Druzhinin
With 4-fluoro-N,N-dimethylaniline (DMA4F) only a single fluorescence from a locally excited (LE) state is observed, irrespective of solvent polarity, temperature, and excitation wavelength. The relatively small excited state dipole moment μe = 7.3 D confirms the identification as LE. The single exponential fluorescence decays in the nonpolar n-hexane (2.04 ns) and in the strongly polar acetonitrile (5.73 ns) are a further support. Similar results are obtained with 4-chloro-N,N-dimethylaniline (DMA4Cl), having a chlorobenzene subgroup, a somewhat better electron acceptor than the fluorobenzene moiety in DMA4F...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094220/molecular-docking-discovery-synthesis-and-pharmacological-properties-of-new-6-substituted-2-3-phenoxyphenyl-4-phenyl-quinoline-derivatives-an-approach-to-developing-potent-dna-gyrase-inhibitors-antibacterial-agents
#8
Manikandan Alagumuthu, Sivakumar Arumugam
Synthesis and molecular validation of 6-substituted-2-(3-phenoxyphenyl)-4-phenylquinoline derivatives (4a-h) as antibacterial/DNA gyrase inhibitors reported. Primarily, 6-substituted-2-(3-phenoxyphenyl)-4-phenylquinoline derivatives were docked into the active sites of DNA gyrase A&B, to ensure the binding mode of the compounds, and the results were superior on DNA gyrase A over DNA gyrase B. Based on this, S. aureus DNA gyrase A assay was proposed and executed. Most prominent DNA gyrase inhibition showed by 6-fluoro-2-(3-phenoxyphenyl)-4-phenylquinoline (4c), IC50 0...
January 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093190/ghrelin-fibers-from-lateral-hypothalamus-project-to-nucleus-tractus-solitaries-and-are-involved-in-gastric-motility-regulation-in-cisplatin-treated-rats
#9
Yanling Gong, Yang Liu, Fei Liu, Shasha Wang, Hong Jin, Feifei Guo, Luo Xu
Ghrelin can alleviate cancer chemotherapy-induced dyspepsia in rodents, though the neural mechanisms involved are not known. Therefore, ghrelin projections from the lateral hypothalamus (LH) and its involvement in the regulation of gastric motility in cisplatin-treated rats were investigated with a multi-disciplined approach. Retrograde tracing combined with fluoro-immunohistochemical staining were used to investigate ghrelin fiber projections arising from LH and projecting to nucleus tractus solitaries (NTS)...
January 13, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088230/relationship-between-the-uptake-of-18-f-borono-l-phenylalanine-and-l-methyl-11-c-methionine-in-head-and-neck-tumors-and-normal-organs
#10
Yoshiaki Watanabe, Hiroaki Kurihara, Jun Itami, Ryohei Sasaki, Yasuaki Arai, Kazuro Sugimura
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of 4-borono-2-(18)F-fluoro-phenylalanine ((18)F-BPA) and L-[methyl-(11)C] methionine ((11)C-Met) in normal organs and tumors and to evaluate the usefulness of (11)C-Met/PET in screening potential candidates for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). MATERIAL METHODS: Seven patients who had at least one histologically confirmed head and neck tumor were included in this study. They underwent both whole-body (18)F-BPA-PET/CT and (11)C-Met-PET/CT within a span of 6 months...
January 14, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087168/synthesis-structure-activity-relationships-studies-of-benzoxazinone-derivatives-as-%C3%AE-chymotrypsin-inhibitors
#11
Bishnu P Marasini, Fazal Rahim, Shahnaz Perveen, Aneela Karim, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Atta-Ur-Rahman, M Iqbal Choudhary
A series of benzoxazinones 1-28 were synthesized via reaction of anthranilic acid with various substituted benzoyl chlorides in the presence of triethylamine in chloroform. Compounds 1-18 showed a good inhibition of α-chymotrypsin with IC50±SEM values between 6.5 and 341.1μM. Preliminary structure-activity relationships studies indicated that the presence of substituents on benzene ring reduces the inhibitory potential of benzoxazinone. Also the increased inhibitory potential due to fluoro group at phenyl substituent was observed followed by chloro and bromo substituents...
January 4, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078885/an-ambipolar-bodipy-derivative-for-a-white-exciplex-oled-and-cholesteric-liquid-crystal-laser-towards-multi-functional-devices
#12
Marian Chapran, Enrico Angioni, Neil John Findlay, Benjamin Breig, Vladyslav Cherpak, Pavlo Stakhira, Tell Tuttle, Dmytro Volyniuk, Juozas Vidas Grazulevicius, Yuriy A Nastishin, Oleg D Lavrentovich, Peter John Skabara
A new interface engineering method is demonstrated for the preparation of an efficient white organic light emitting diode (WOLED) by embedding an ultra-thin layer of the novel ambipolar red emissive compound 4,4-di-fluoro-2,6-di(4-hexylthiopen-2-yl)-1,3,5,7,8-pentamethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene (bThBODIPY) in the exciplex formation region. The compound shows a hole and electron mobility of 3.3 × 10-4 cm2 V-1 s-1 and 2 × 10-4 cm2 V-1 s-1, respectively at electric fields higher than 5.3 × 105 V cm-1...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072885/functional-role-of-intracellular-calcium-receptor-inositol-1-4-5-trisphosphate-type-1-in-rat-hippocampus-after-neonatal-anoxia
#13
Juliane Midori Ikebara, Silvia Honda Takada, Débora Sterzeck Cardoso, Natália Myuki Moralles Dias, Beatriz Crossiol Vicente de Campos, Talitha Amanda Sanches Bretherick, Guilherme Shigueto Vilar Higa, Mariana Sacrini Ayres Ferraz, Alexandre Hiroaki Kihara
Anoxia is one of the most prevalent causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality, especially in preterm neonates, constituting an important public health problem due to permanent neurological sequelae observed in patients. Oxygen deprivation triggers a series of simultaneous cascades, culminating in cell death mainly located in more vulnerable metabolic brain regions, such as the hippocampus. In the process of cell death by oxygen deprivation, cytosolic calcium plays crucial roles. Intracellular inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) are important regulators of cytosolic calcium levels, although the role of these receptors in neonatal anoxia is completely unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066149/neuroprotective-effect-of-lithium-after-pilocarpine-induced-status-epilepticus-in-mice
#14
Namgue Hong, Yun-Sik Choi, Seong Yun Kim, Hee Jung Kim
Status epilepticus is the most common serious neurological condition triggered by abnormal electrical activity, leading to severe and widespread cell loss in the brain. Lithium has been one of the main drugs used for the treatment of bipolar disorder for decades, and its anticonvulsant and neuroprotective properties have been described in several neurological disease models. However, the therapeutic mechanisms underlying lithium's actions remain poorly understood. The muscarinic receptor agonist pilocarpine is used to induce status epilepticus, which is followed by hippocampal damage...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063334/towards-interference-free-hplc-sers-for-the-trace-analysis-of-drug-metabolites-in-biological-fluids
#15
Waleed A Hassanain, Emad L Izake, Arumugam Sivanesan, Godwin A Ayoko
Sofosbuvir metabolite, 2'-deoxy-2'-fluoro-2'-C-methyluridine (PSI-6206) was studied for the first time by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) using the paper-based SERS substrate. The quantification limit of PSI-6206 by SERS was found to be 13ngL(-1) (R(2) value=0.959, RSD=5.23%). For the structural and quantitative analysis of PSI-6206 in blood plasma, an interference-free HPLC-SERS method was developed and compared to HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS methods. The SERS quantification of the drug by the paper substrate was 4 orders of magnitude more sensitive than that by the diode array detector...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063108/validation-of-18-f-fdg-pet-single-subject-optimized-spm-procedure-with-different-pet-scanners
#16
Luca Presotto, Tommaso Ballarini, Silvia Paola Caminiti, Valentino Bettinardi, Luigi Gianolli, Daniela Perani
(18)F-fluoro-deoxy-glucose Positron Emission Tomography (FDG-PET) allows early identification of neurodegeneration in dementia. The use of an optimized method based on the SPM software package highly improves diagnostic accuracy. However, the impact of different scanners for data acquisition on the SPM results and the effects of different pools of healthy subjects on the statistical comparison have not been investigated yet. Images from 144 AD patients acquired using six different PET scanners were analysed with an optimized single-subject SPM procedure to identify the typical AD hypometabolism pattern at single subject level...
January 6, 2017: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062597/the-effect-of-susceptibility-artifacts-related-to-metal-implants-on-adjacent-lesion-assessment-in-simultaneous-tof-pet-mr
#17
Hanna Svirydenka, Gaspar Delso, Felipe DE Galiza Barbosa, Martin W Huellner, Helen Davison, Stefano Fanti, Patrick Veit-Haibach, Edwin Ter Voert
OBJECTIVE: Metal implants could affect the attenuation correction (AC) in positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of susceptibility artifacts related to metal implants on adjacent metabolically active lesions in clinical simultaneous PET/MR scanning for both time-of-flight (TOF) and non-TOF reconstructed PET images. METHODS: We included 27 patients without implants, but with confirmed 2-deoxy-2-(18)F-fluoro-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) avid lesions adjacent to common implant locations...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061499/primary-intracranial-malignant-melanoma-with-extracranial-metastasis
#18
Kengo Hirota, Chika Yoshimura, Osami Kubo, Hidetoshi Kasuya
We report a case of primary intracranial malignant melanoma (PIMM) with extracranial metastases. The patient was an 82-year-old woman diagnosed with PIMM under the left cerebellar tentorium. We performed a tumor resection followed by gamma knife surgery. An magnetic resonance imaging at 11 months after surgery showed a local intracranial recurrence. At 12 months, vertebral metastasis was suspected, and 2-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) showed multiple extracranial metastases...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059519/anion-recognition-based-on-combination-of-double-dentate-hydrogen-bond-and-double-side-anion-%C3%AF-noncovalent-interactions
#19
Yan-Zhi Liu, Kun Yuan, Liu Liu, Zhao Yuan, Yuan-Cheng Zhu
Anion recognitions between common anions and a novel pincer-like receptor (N, N'-bis-(five-fluoro-benzoyl-oxyethyl)-urea, BFUR) were theoretically explored, particularly on geometric features of the BFUR@X (X = F-, Cl-, Br-, I-, CO32-, NO3- and SO42-) systems at a molecular level in this work. Complex structures show that two N-H groups as a claw and two -C6F5 rings on BFUR as a pair of tweezers simultaneously interact with captured anions through cooperative double-dentate hydrogen bond and double-side anion-π interactions...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058778/synthetic-route-to-quinoxyfen-photometabolite-2-chloro-10-fluorochromeno-2-3-4-de-quinoline
#20
Peter L Johnson, Jeremy Kister, Scott Thornburgh
BACKGROUND: Quinoxyfen is a fungicide developed by Dow AgroSciences for the control of powdery mildew. Re-registration studies required gram quantities of 2-chloro-10-fluorochromeno[2,3,4-de]quinoline, a photometabolite of quinoxyfen. The only previous method of preparation of this photometabolite was by photolysis of quinoxyfen in less than one percent yield. Therefore, a new method allowing for the preparation of this photometabolite in gram quantities was required. RESULTS: Several different metal catalyzed intramolecular cyclization approaches were investigated for the synthesis of 2-chloro-10-fluorochromeno[2,3,4-de]quinoline...
January 6, 2017: Pest Management Science
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