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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534724/maternal-protein-restriction-depresses-the-duodenal-expression-of-iron-transporters-and-serum-iron-level-in-male-weaning-piglets
#1
Wenqiang Ma, Jingyu Lu, Shuxia Jiang, Demin Cai, Shifeng Pan, Yimin Jia, Ruqian Zhao
To investigate the effects of maternal dietary protein restriction on offspring Fe metabolism, twenty-four second-parity Landrace×Yorkshire sows were randomly allocated to standard-protein (SP) and low-protein (LP) groups. The SP sows were fed diets containing 15 and 18 % crude protein throughout pregnancy and lactation, respectively, whereas the LP sows were subjected to 50 % dietary protein restriction. Offspring birth weight was not affected, but the body weight at weaning (P=0·06) and average daily gain (P=0·01) of the female piglets were significantly decreased...
April 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531098/increase-in-weight-in-low-birth-weight-and-very-low-birth-weight-infants-fed-fortified-breast-milk-versus-formula-milk-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Kris Yuet Wan Lok, Pui Hing Chau, Heidi Sze Lok Fan, Kam Ming Chan, Bill H Chan, Genevieve P C Fung, Marie Tarrant
There has been a dramatic rise in preterm births in developed countries owing to changes in clinical practices and greater use of assisted reproductive techniques. However, few studies have examined the growth and outcomes of preterm infants according to the type of feeding (with fortified breast milk or formula). The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of breast milk feedings and formula on the growth and short-term outcomes of preterm infants in Hong Kong. In a single-center retrospective cohort study, we included 642 preterm infants at gestational age <37 weeks with birth weights <2200 g...
May 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529697/factors-associated-with-preterm-delivery-and-low-birth-weight-a-study-from-rural-maharashtra-india
#3
Anand Ahankari, Sharda Bapat, Puja Myles, Andrew Fogarty, Laila Tata
Background: Although preterm delivery and low birth weight (LBW) have been studied in India, findings may not be generalisable to rural areas such as the Marathwada region of Maharashtra state. There is limited information available on maternal and child health indicators from this region. We aimed to present some local estimates of preterm delivery and LBW in the Osmanabad district of Marathwada and assess available maternal risk factors. Methods: The study used routinely collected data on all in-hospital births in the maternity department of Halo Medical Foundation's hospital from 1 (st) January 2008 to 31 (st) December 2014...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529017/proatherogenic-lipid-profile-in-early-childhood-association-with-weight-status-at-4-years-and-parental-obesity
#4
Isolina Riaño-Galán, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Cristina Rodríguez-Dehli, Damaskini Valvi, Martine Vrijheid, Adonina Tardón
OBJECTIVES: To determine lipid profiles in early childhood and evaluate their association with weight status at 4 years of age. Additionally, we evaluated whether the risk of overweight or having an altered lipid profile was associated with parental weight status. STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred eighty two mothers and their 4-year-old children from 2 Spanish population-based cohorts were studied. Weight status in children at 4 years of age was classified as overweight or obese using the International Obesity Task Force criteria...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528756/necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-low-birth-weight-infants-in-china-mortality-risk-factors-expressed-by-birth-weight-categories
#5
Tian Qian, Rong Zhang, Li Zhu, Peng Shi, Jie Yang, Chang-Yi Yang, Dong-Mei Chen, Jing-Yun Shi, Xiao-Guang Zhou, Yin-Ping Qiu, Yong Yang, Ling He, Shao-Ru He, Yun-Tao Cao, Qiu-Fen Wei, Manoj Kumar, Chao Chen
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively investigated incidence, morbidity, and mortality of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis in China, with special emphasis on determining the predictors of necrotizing enterocolitis associated mortality. METHODS: We identified neonates as having necrotizing enterocolitis if they met the accepted diagnostic criterion. Data pertaining to antenatal period, labor and birth, and the postnatal course of illness were collected. Multivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors...
April 12, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527815/neuroimaging-and-neuropathological-characteristics-of-cerebellar-injury-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#6
Mayumi Matsufuji, Nozomi Sano, Hisashi Tsuru, Sachio Takashima
OBJECTIVE: To determine the morphological characteristics and pathogenic factors of cerebellar injury in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Neuroimaging examination was performed on 17 eligible surviving ELBWI. Their MR images were assessed and classified its pattern of cerebellar injuries. Brain pathology was examined on 15 patients, who isolated this neuroimaging subjects. The trend of brain pathologies was revealed. RESULTS: Four types of morphological pattern were recognized: (i) the absence of major portions in the cerebellum (6/17 cases); (ii) focal cerebellar tissue loss (2/17); (iii) unilateral cerebellar atrophy/hypoplasia (3/17); (iv) small cerebellum with entrapped fourth ventricle (6/17)...
May 17, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527272/-does-corticosteroid-treatment-during-the-pre-and-postnatal-periods-affect-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-premature-newborns
#7
Marita Lardón, José Uberos, Eduardo Narbona
INTRODUCTION: Glucocorticoids, widely used in the perinatal period, may be associated with adverse neurodevelopmental effects. OBJECTIVES: To analyze neurodevelopmental outcomes in a cohort of very low birth weight newborns treated with antenatal and/or postnatal corticosteroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in which we included all very low birth weight babies admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital between 2008 and 2013...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526456/combined-exposure-to-low-doses-of-pesticides-causes-decreased-birth-weights-in-rats
#8
Ulla Hass, Sofie Christiansen, Marta Axelstad, Martin Scholze, Julie Boberg
Decreased birth weight is a common effect of many pesticides in reproductive toxicity studies, but there are no empirical data on how pesticides act in combination on this endpoint. We hypothesized that a mixture of six pesticides (cyromazine, MCPB, pirimicarb, quinoclamine, thiram, and ziram) would decrease birth weight, and that these mixture effects could be predicted by the Dose Addition model. Data for the predictions were obtained from the Draft Assessment Reports of the individual pesticides. A mixture of equi-effective doses of these pesticides was tested in two studies in Wistar rats, showing mixture effects in good agreement with the additivity predictions...
May 16, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526433/risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-neonates-from-mothers-after-gastric-bypass-a-case-control-study
#9
Geraldine Gascoin, Maxime Gerard, Agnès Sallé, Guillaume Becouarn, Stephanie Rouleau, Loïc Sentilhes, Régis Coutant
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants after maternal bariatric surgery has been shown. The risk of micronutrients deficiencies in these neonates is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To screen for micronutrients deficiencies in newborns of mothers with gastric bypass. SETTINGS: University hospital in Angers, France. METHODS: This study compared the clinical and cord blood biological characteristics of 56 newborns of mothers with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 56 newborns of nonobese healthy mothers after normal pregnancy (controls), followed between January 3, 2008 and October 31, 2012...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526224/neurocognitive-outcomes-at-10-years-of-age-in-extremely-preterm-newborns-with-late-onset-bacteremia
#10
H Reeve Bright, Kikelomo Babata, Elizabeth N Allred, Carmina Erdei, Karl C K Kuban, Robert M Joseph, T Michael O'Shea, Alan Leviton, Olaf Dammann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the difference in 10-year neurocognitive outcomes between extremely low gestational age newborns without bacteremia and those with suspected or confirmed late-onset bacteremia. STUDY DESIGN: Neurocognitive function was evaluated at 10 years of age in 889 children born at <28 weeks of gestation and followed from birth. Definite (culture-positive) late-onset bacteremia during postnatal weeks 2-4 was identified in 223 children, and 129 children had suspected bacteremia...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522106/shorter-sleep-duration-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-birth-length-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-wuhan-china
#11
Weiye Wang, Chunrong Zhong, Yu Zhang, Li Huang, Xi Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen, Xiating Li, Mei Xiao, Liping Hao, Xuefeng Yang, Nianhong Yang, Sheng Wei
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between sleep duration in early pregnancy and fetal growth in a prospective cohort study of 3567 Chinese women. METHODS: Pregnant women at 8-16 weeks of gestation were interviewed using a semi-quantitative questionnaire to assess sleep duration. Birth weight and birth length were measured by a midwife in the delivery room at birth; low birth weight (LBW) was defined as birth weight <2500 g and small for gestational age (SGA) was defined as <10th customized centile...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521753/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-neonatal-and-postneonatal-mortality-evidence-from-rural-iran-1998-2013
#12
Alireza Khajavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mina Dehghani, Shohreh Naderimagham
BACKGROUND: Over the past three decades, interventions have been implemented to reduce childhood mortality in Iran. Despite declines in overall mortality rates, inequalities in mortality across socioeconomic groups have remained unchanged. In this study, we assessed inequalities in infant mortality in rural regions of Iran. METHODS: We obtained data from the Iranian vital registration system, which includes data on 5,626,158 live births, 79,457 neonatal deaths, and 36,397 postneonatal deaths in rural areas of Iran over the course of a 16-year period, which was then divided into 4 four-year intervals...
May 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521257/arsenic-in-drinking-water-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-ohio
#13
Kirsten S Almberg, Mary E Turyk, Rachael M Jones, Kristin Rankin, Sally Freels, Judith M Graber, Leslie T Stayner
BACKGROUND: Arsenic in drinking water has been associated with adverse reproductive outcomes in areas with high levels of naturally occurring arsenic. Less is known about the reproductive effects of arsenic at lower levels. OBJECTIVES: This research examined the association between low-level arsenic in drinking water and small for gestational age (SGA), term low birth weight (term LBW), very low birth weight (VLBW), preterm birth (PTB), and very preterm birth (VPTB) in the state of Ohio...
May 15, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521194/preconception-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-mixed-methods-study-of-provider-knowledge-and-practice
#14
J Klein, J A Boyle, R Kirkham, C Connors, C Whitbread, J Oats, F Barzi, D McIntyre, I Lee, M Luey, J Shaw, A D H Brown, L J Maple-Brown
AIMS: Preconception care may decrease adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with pre-existing diabetes mellitus. Aboriginal Australians are at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with earlier onset. We explored practitioner views on preconception care delivery for women with T2DM in the Northern Territory, where 31% of births are to Aboriginal women. METHODS: Mixed-methods study including cross-sectional survey of 156 health practitioners and 11 semi-structured interviews...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520542/hybrid-palliation-for-interrupted-aortic-arch-with-small-aortic-valve
#15
Yoshimasa Uno, Ayumu Masuoka, Kentarou Hotoda, Toshiyuki Katogi, Takaaki Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: Open heart surgery for interrupted aortic arch in the neonatal period is still a high-risk procedure related in part to patient factors such as low birth weight, other morphologic anomalies, and, especially, small aortic valve size. Recently, we performed hybrid palliation with bilateral pulmonary artery banding and ductal stenting as the first-stage palliation for such cases. In this study, the outcomes of this procedure were examined. METHODS: Six cases of interrupted aortic arch with a small aortic valve underwent the hybrid procedure in the neonatal period in our institute from 2010 to 2015 (mean age: 6...
May 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520476/early-life-growth-predictors-of-childhood-adiposity-trajectories-and-future-risk-for-obesity-birth-to-twenty-cohort
#16
Richard J Munthali, Juliana Kagura, Zané Lombard, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of variations in adiposity trajectories among individuals, but the influence of early life growth patterns on these trajectories is underresearched in low- and middle-income countries. Therefore, our aim was to examine the association between early life conditional weight gain and childhood adiposity trajectories. METHODS: We previously identified distinct adiposity trajectories (four for girls and three for boys) in black South African children (boys = 877; girls = 947)...
May 18, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520106/prophylactic-sustained-inflation-is-just-one-step-to-preventing-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#17
G Lista, I Bresesti
I am glad to see that the Sustained Lung Inflation (SLI) trial (1) still draws a great deal of attention and I would like to clarify some aspects of the trial, in response to the comments by Gupta and Argarwal (2) in Acta Paediatrica. A meta-analysis carried out in 2016 demonstrated that starting non-invasive respiratory support from birth could reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and death. However, about 50% of very low birth weight infants who are initially on nasal continuous positive airway pressure need subsequent intubation and mechanical ventilation...
May 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514918/does-vitamin-d-deficiency-affect-placental-inflammation-or-infections-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
Subhash Puthuraya, Sreenivas Karnati, S Nadya J Kazzi, Faisal Qureshi, Suzanne M Jacques, Ronald Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Examine the association between placental inflammation and neonatal infections and 25OH D levels at birth among VLBWI. STUDY DESIGN: Serum 25OH D levels were measured in 89 VLBWI (≤1250g) and 47 mothers on day one, and in 78 infants on day 21. Placentas were examined for maternal and fetal inflammation. Infants were divided into deficient (≤ 10 ng/ml) and adequate (> 10 ng/ml) groups based on 25OH D levels on day 1. RESULTS: Mean ± SD maternal levels of 25OH D (21± 9 ng/ml) correlated with infants' levels (15 ± 8 ng/ml), (p< 0...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514886/physiological-effects-of-prebiotics-and-its-role-in-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-neonates
#19
Bhawan Deep Garg, Haribalakrishna Balasubramanian, Nandkishor S Kabra
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most serious gastrointestinal emergencies in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm neonates, affecting 7% to 14% of these neonates. Due to seriousness of disease, prevention of NEC is the most important goal. Current evidence from systematic review and meta-analysis revealed probiotics are the most promising intervention in reduction of the incidence of NEC in VLBW neonates. As per the evidence, prebiotics modulate the composition of human intestine microflora to the benefit of the host by suppression of colonization of harmful microorganism and/or the stimulation of bifidobacterial growth, decreased stool viscosity, reduced gastrointestinal transit time and better feed tolerance...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514782/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-influenza-a-virus-infection-during-pregnancy-associated-with-an-increased-risk-for-stillbirth-and-low-birth-weight
#20
Jing He, Zhi-Wei Liu, Yong-Ping Lu, Tao-Yuan Li, Xu-Jing Liang, Petra C Arck, Si-Min Huang, Berthold Hocher, You-Peng Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Impaired pregnancy outcomes, such as low birth weight are associated with increased disease risk in later life, however little is known about the impact of common infectious diseases during pregnancy on birth weight. The study had two aims: a) to investigate risk factors of influenza virus infection during pregnancy, and b) to analyze the impact of influenza virus infection on pregnancy outcome, especially birth weight. METHODS: Prospective and retrospective observational studies found in PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar, and WangFang database were included in this meta analysis...
May 15, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
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