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Stewart G Martin, Marie N Lebot, Bhudsaban Sukkarn, Graham Ball, Andrew R Green, Emad A Rakha, Ian O Ellis, Sarah J Storr
G protein-coupled oestrogen receptor 1 (GPER), also called G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), is attracting considerable attention for its potential role in breast cancer development and progression. Activation by oestrogen (17β-oestradiol; E2) initiates short term, non-genomic, signalling events both in vitro and in vivo . Published literature on the prognostic value of GPER protein expression in breast cancer indicates that further assessment is warranted. We show, using immunohistochemistry on a large cohort of primary invasive breast cancer patients (n=1245), that low protein expression of GPER is not only significantly associated with clinicopathological and molecular features of aggressive behaviour but also significantly associated with adverse survival of breast cancer patients...
May 25, 2018: Oncotarget
Jing Luo, Aihua Wang, Wei Zhen, Yao Wang, Hongwei Si, Zhenquan Jia, Hana Alkhalidy, Zhiyong Cheng, Elizabeth Gilbert, Bin Xu, Dongmin Liu
We previously discovered that phytonutrient genistein rapidly activates cAMP signaling in β-cells and improves islet mass in diabetic mice. However, the mechanism underlying these actions of genistein is still unclear. Here, we show that pharmacological or molecular inhibition of Gαs blocked genistein-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in plasma membrane and intracellular cAMP production in INS1 cells and islets. Further, genistein stimulation of cAMP generation was abolished in islets exposed to a specific GPR30 inhibitor G15 or islets from GPR30 deficient (GPR30-/-) mice...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Junyi Li, Di Rao, Robert B Gibbs
Cholinergic projections have been shown to interact with estrogens in ways that influence synaptic plasticity and cognitive performance. The mechanisms are not well understood. The goal of this study was to investigate whether cholinergic projections influence brain estrogen production by affecting aromatase (ARO), or influence estrogen signaling by affecting estrogen receptor expression. In the first experiment, ovariectomized rats received intraseptal injection of the selective immunotoxin 192IgG-saporin to destroy cholinergic inputs to the hippocampus...
May 28, 2018: Neuroscience
Fuling Zhou, Hui Dong, Yaling Liu, Lina Yan, Can Sun, Pengli Hao, Yuanyuan Liu, Jingxu Zhai, Yakun Liu
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal adult-onset neurodegenerative disease, and at present, therapies for ALS are limited. Estrogen is a potential therapeutic agent for ALS but has undesirable effects that might increase the risk of breast and uterine cancers or stroke. Raloxifene (Ral) has estrogenic properties but does not exhibit these adverse effects. However, the mechanism of Ral in ALS has not been studied. We thus investigated the effects of Ral in an NSC34 model of ALS that stably expresses the 25-kDa C-terminal fragment of TDP-43 (i...
May 25, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
Kazuki Harada, Shoko Sada, Hidekazu Sakaguchi, Mai Takizawa, Rika Ishida, Takashi Tsuboi
S-equol is one of gut bacterial metabolites produced from soybean isoflavone daizein. While S-equol is known to promote glucose-induced insulin secretion from pancreatic β cells, whether S-equol affects glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion from enteroendoceine L cells remains unclear. Here we assessed the effect of S-equol on GLP-1 secretion from mouse enteroendocrine L cell line GLUTag cells. GLUTag cells expressed GPR30 and estrogen receptors, which are putative S-equol receptors. Application of S-equol induced an increase in intracellular Ca2+ levels via GPR30...
May 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Adela Banciu, Daniel Dumitru Banciu, Cosmin Catalin Mustaciosu, Mihai Radu, Dragos Cretoiu, Junjie Xiao, Sanda Maria Cretoiu, Nicolae Suciu, Beatrice Mihaela Radu
Voltage-gated calcium channels and estrogen receptors are essential players in uterine physiology, and their association with different calcium signaling pathways contributes to healthy and pathological conditions of the uterine myometrium. Among the properties of the various cell subtypes present in human uterine myometrium, there is increasing evidence that calcium oscillations in telocytes (TCs) contribute to contractile activity and pregnancy. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of beta-estradiol on voltage-gated calcium channels and estrogen receptors in TCs from human uterine myometrium and to understand their role in pregnancy...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Agnieszka Wnuk, Joanna Rzemieniec, Ewa Litwa, Władysław Lasoń, Małgorzata Kajta
Current evidence indicates that benzophenone-3 (BP-3) can pass through the placental and blood-brain barriers and thus can likely affect infant neurodevelopment. Despite widespread exposure, data showing the effects of BP-3 on the developing nervous system are scarce. This study revealed for the first time that prenatal exposure to BP-3 led to apoptosis and neurotoxicity, altered the levels of estrogen receptors (ERs) and changed the epigenetic status of mouse neurons. In the present study, multiple subcutaneous injections of pregnant mice with BP-3 at 50 mg/kg, which is an environmentally relevant dose, evoked activation of caspase-3 and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release as well as substantial loss of mitochondrial membrane potential in neocortical cells of their embryonic offspring...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Mitsuaki Moriyama, Ayano Hashimoto, Hideyo Satoh, Kenji Kawabe, Mizue Ogawa, Katsura Takano, Yoichi Nakamura
Cumulative evidence indicates that estrogen receptor (ER) agonists attenuate neuroinflammation. Equol, a major isoflavone from soybean, exhibits estrogen-like biological activity, but their effect on inflammatory response has not been well established. Here, we investigated the effect of S -equol on nitric oxide (NO) production, well-known inflammatory change in astrocytes stimulated by LPS. S -Equol attenuated LPS-induced NO production with a concomitant decrease in expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS)...
2018: International Journal of Inflammation
Nilesh Sudhakar Ambhore, Rathnavali Katragadda, Rama Satyanarayana Raju Kalidhindi, Michael A Thompson, Christina M Pabelick, Y S Prakash, Venkatachalem Sathish
Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell hyperplasia driven by persistent inflammation is a hallmark feature of remodeling in asthma. Sex steroid signaling in the lungs is of considerable interest, given epidemiological data showing more asthma in pre-menopausal women and aging men. Our previous studies demonstrated that estrogen receptor (ER) expression increases in asthmatic human ASM; however, very limited data are available regarding differential roles of ERα vs. ERβ isoforms in human ASM cell proliferation. In this study, we evaluated the effect of selective ERα and ERβ modulators on platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated ASM proliferation and the mechanisms involved...
April 20, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Dong-Xiao Fan, Xu-Hao Yang, Yi-Nan Li, Lei Guo
BACKGROUND Osteoarthritis is a progressive inflammatory joint disease resulting in damage to articular cartilage. G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER/GPR30) activates cell signaling in response to 17β-estradiol, which can be blocked by the GPR30 agonist, G15, an analog of G-1. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of 17β-estradiol on the expression of G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER/GPR30) on mitophagy and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in ATDC5 chondrocytes in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS Cultured ATDC5 chondrocytes were treated with increasing concentrations of 17β-estradiol with and without G15, p38 inhibitor (SB203580), JNK inhibitor (SP600125), PI3K inhibitor (LY294002, S1737), and mTOR inhibitor (S1842)...
April 2, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Etta Y L Liu, Miranda L Xu, Yan Jin, Qiyun Wu, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim
Genistein, 4',5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone, is a major isoflavone in soybean, which is known as phytestrogen having known benefit to brain functions. Being a common phytestrogen, the possible role of genistein in the brain protection needs to be further explored. In cultured PC12 cells, application of genistein significantly induced the expression of neurofilaments (NFs), markers for neuronal differentiation. In parallel, the expression of tetrameric form of proline-rich membrane anchor (PRiMA)-linked acetyl-cholinesterase (G4 AChE), a key enzyme to hydrolyze acetylcholine in cholinergic synapses, was induced in a dose-dependent manner: this induction included the associated protein PRiMA...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Hiroya Kadokawa, Kiran Pandey, Kereilwe Onalenna, Asrafun Nahar
Estrone (E1) and estriol (E3) are considered "weak" estrogens, which exert suppressive effects through estrogen receptors α and β. However, recent studies have demonstrated that E1 and E3, as well as estradiol (E2), suppress gonadotropin-releasing hormone-induced luteinizing hormone secretion from bovine gonadotrophs via G-protein-coupled receptor 30, which is expressed in various reproductive organs. Currently, there is a lack of fundamental knowledge regarding E1 and E3, including their blood levels...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Reproduction and Development
Yingxi Wu, Dayun Feng, Jiaji Lin, Yan Qu, Shiming He, Yuan Wang, Guodong Gao, Tianzhi Zhao
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of G‑protein‑coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) in long‑term 17β‑estradiol (E2) deprivation (LTED) in a rat model with global cerebral ischemia (GCI), and its therapeutic target for ischemic stroke in the clinical setting. Following bilateral ovariectomy, GCI was induced in rats 1 or 10 weeks post‑surgery. To determine the protein and mRNA expression levels of GPR30 in the hippocampal CA1 region of LTED rats, short‑term E2 deprivation (STED) rats and naturally aging rats, western blot analysis and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction were performed...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jikai Zhao, Chen Bian, Mengying Liu, Yangang Zhao, Tao Sun, Fangzhou Xing, Jiqiang Zhang
Hippocampal synaptic plasticity is the basis of spatial memory and cognition and is strongly regulated by both testicular androgens (testosterone, T) and hippocampal estrogens (17β-estradiol, E2) converted from T by aromatase, which is inhibited by letrozole (LET), but the contribution of each pathway to spatial memory and the associated mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we first used orchiectomy (ORX) and LET injection to investigate the effects of T and hippocampal E2 on spatial memory and hippocampal synaptic plasticity...
April 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Xiaoqi Sun, Xuhao Yang, Yuyan Zhao, Yinan Li, Lei Guo
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is associated with 17β-estradiol deficiency. The G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) is known to be an estrogen-responsive receptor, but its role in the degradation of mitochondria in osteoblasts by autophagy, or mitophagy, remains unclear. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of 17β-estradiol, GPR30, and its signaling pathway, on mitophagy in the murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cell line. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblast cell line, cells were treated with 17β-estradiol, or G15, a selective GPR30 antagonist, or U0126, a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (ERK1/2) inhibitor, or with vehicle as control...
February 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Wen Xu, Jian Cao, Yan Zhou, Lina Wang, Guoqi Zhu
Reduced estrogen levels and decreased expression of related receptors are typical cerebral features of aging. The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1, also known as GPR30) is considered a novel therapeutic target for neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we demonstrated that hippocampal GPR30 expression was reduced in middle-aged mice compared with young adult mice. GPR30 agonist G1 improved both fear and spatial memory in both male and female middle-aged mice, but not in young adult mice, which were blocked by the GPR30 antagonist G15...
March 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Yuanyuan Han, Xuxia Wang, Dan Ma, Xiaoxiao Wu, Panpan Yang, Jun Zhang
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the effects and mechanism of ipriflavone (IP) on the proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation of periodontal ligament cells in vitro and periodontal tissue remodeling following orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in vivo. Materials and methods: Human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) were cultured in vitro and cell counting kit-8, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay, plate clone formation assay, and alizarin red staining were used to test proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hPDLCs...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Gabriella Aquino, Francesca Collina, Rocco Sabatino, Margherita Cerrone, Francesco Longo, Franco Ionna, Nunzia Simona Losito, Rossella De Cecio, Monica Cantile, Giuseppe Pannone, Gerardo Botti
The role of sex hormone receptors in human cancer development and progression has been well documented in numerous studies, as has the success of sex hormone antagonists in the biological therapy of many human tumors. In salivary gland tumors (SGTs), little and conflicting information about the role of the estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), progesterone receptor (PgR) and androgen receptor (AR) has been described and in most cases the use of sex hormone antagonists is not contemplated in clinical practice. In this study, we analyzed a panel of sex hormone receptors that have not been widely investigated in SGTs-ERα, PgR, AR, but also ERβ and GPR30-to define their expression pattern and their prognostic and predictive value in a case series of 69 benign and malignant SGTs...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Benard Ogola, Yong Zhang, Laxmi Iyer, Thomas Thekkumkara
Studies have demonstrated the therapeutic potential of estrogen metabolite 2-Methoxyestradiol (2ME2) in several cardiovascular disorders, including hypertension. However, the exact mechanism(s) remains unknown. In this study, primary rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) were exposed to 2ME2 and angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) expression, function and associated signaling pathways were evaluated. 2ME2 downregulated AT1R expression in a concentration and time-dependent manner, which was correlated with reduced mRNA expression...
January 24, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Mengnan Zeng, Li Zhang, Miao Li, Beibei Zhang, Ning Zhou, Yingying Ke, Weisheng Feng, Xiaoke Zheng
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the estrogenic effects of the extracts from Chinese yam and its effective compounds. METHODS: The activity of the yam was investigated by the uterine weight gain of mice and a proliferation assay of breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 cell); the estrogenic activity was comprehensively evaluated by a serum pharmacology experiment. The levels of estradiol (E2), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH) were also measured...
January 23, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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