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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770946/using-google-earth-to-assess-shade-for-sun-protection-in-urban-recreation-spaces-methods-and-results
#1
R Gage, N Wilson, L Signal, M Barr, C Mackay, A Reeder, G Thomson
Shade in public spaces can lower the risk of and sun burning and skin cancer. However, existing methods of auditing shade require travel between sites, and sunny weather conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of free computer software-Google Earth-for assessing shade in urban open spaces. A shade projection method was developed that uses Google Earth street view and aerial images to estimate shade at solar noon on the summer solstice, irrespective of the date of image capture. Three researchers used the method to separately estimate shade cover over pre-defined activity areas in a sample of 45 New Zealand urban open spaces, including 24 playgrounds, 12 beaches and 9 outdoor pools...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758433/on-the-spatial-relationship-between-ecosystem-services-and-urbanization-a-case-study-in-wuhan-china
#2
Yan Zhang, Yanfang Liu, Yang Zhang, Yi Liu, Guangxia Zhang, Yiyun Chen
A clear understanding of the relationship between ecosystem services (ESs) and urbanization provides new insight into urban landscape planning and decision making. Although a considerable amount of literature has focused on this topic, few studies address the spatial interactions between ESs and urbanization, especially at the local scale. Various models and multisource data were integrated to estimate ESs and urbanization in Wuhan City, China. The bivariate Moran's I methods were employed to test and visualize the spatial correlations between ESs and urbanization...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746427/risk-factors-for-basal-cell-carcinoma-in-men-younger-than-40-years-a-case-control-study
#3
Kathleen M Nemer, Tyler M Bauman, Alan S Boyd
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignancy in the United States and is more prevalent in older populations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate BCC risk factors in male patients younger than 40 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consecutive series of male patients with pathology-proven BCC and younger than 40 years at time of diagnosis were retrospectively identified along with matched controls. Phone interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire, and differences between patients with and without BCC were investigated...
May 9, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713617/community-based-policies-and-support-for-free-drinking-water-access-in-outdoor-areas-and-building-standards-in-u-s-municipalities
#4
Sohyun Park, Stephen Onufrak, Cara Wilking, Angie Cradock
We examined community-level characteristics associated with free drinking water access policies in U.S. municipalities using data from a nationally representative survey of city managers/officials from 2,029 local governments in 2014. Outcomes were 4 free drinking water access policies. Explanatory measures were population size, rural/urban status, census region, poverty prevalence, education, and racial/ethnic composition. We used multivariable logistic regression to test differences and presented only significant findings...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630164/comprehensive-outreach-prevention-education-and-skin-cancer-screening-for-utah-ski-resorts
#5
Amir Varedi, Aaron M Secrest, Garrett Harding, Lori Maness, Donna Branson, Kristi Smith, Christopher M Hull
Outdoor recreation can lead to substantial sun exposure. Employees of outdoor recreation establishments with extended time outdoors have amplified cumulative exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and an increased risk of skin cancer. The "Sun Safe on the Slopes" program was created by Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah and the Utah Cancer Action Network to address increased UV exposure and skin cancer risk with free skin cancer screenings, outreach, and prevention education to local ski resorts...
February 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621981/the-home-electronic-media-environment-and-parental-safety-concerns-relationships-with-outdoor-time-after-school-and-over-the-weekend-among-9-11-year-old-children
#6
Hannah J Wilkie, Martyn Standage, Fiona B Gillison, Sean P Cumming, Peter T Katzmarzyk
BACKGROUND: Time spent outdoors is associated with higher physical activity levels among children, yet it may be threatened by parental safety concerns and the attraction of indoor sedentary pursuits. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between these factors and outdoor time during children's discretionary periods (i.e., after school and over the weekend). METHODS: Data from 462 children aged 9-11 years old were analysed using generalised linear mixed models...
April 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599735/on-the-determinants-and-outcomes-of-passion-for-playing-pok%C3%A3-mon-go
#7
Gábor Orosz, Ágnes Zsila, Robert J Vallerand, Beáta Böthe
In 2016, Pokémon Go became the most popular smartphone game. Despite the increasing popularity of this augmented reality game, to date, no studies have investigated passion for playing Pokémon Go. On the theoretical basis of the Dualistic Model of Passion (DMP), our goal was to investigate the associations between Pokémon Go playing motives, passion, and impulsivity. A total of 621 Pokémon Go players participated in the study (54.9% female; M age = 22.6 years, SD age = 4.4). It was found that impulsivity was more strongly associated with obsessive passion (OP) than with harmonious passion (HP)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587402/understanding-outdoor-gyms-in-public-open-spaces-a-systematic-review-and-integrative-synthesis-of-qualitative-and-quantitative-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Janet Lok Chun Lee, Temmy Lee Ting Lo, Rainbow Tin Hung Ho
(1) Background: An outdoor gym (OG) is environmental infrastructure built in a public open space to promote structured physical activity. The provision of OGs is increasingly seen as an important strategy to realize public health agendas promoting habitual physical activity. A systematic review was conducted to synthesize characteristics of OG and OG users' experiences and perceptions in different cultural contexts; (2) Methods: Online searches of multidisciplinary databases were conducted in health, sport and recreation, and urban planning disciplines...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459828/nature-based-tourism-elicits-a-phenotypic-shift-in-the-coping-abilities-of-fish
#9
Benjamin Geffroy, Bastien Sadoul, Amine Bouchareb, Sylvain Prigent, Jean-Paul Bourdineaud, Maria Gonzalez-Rey, Rosana N Morais, Maritana Mela, Lucélia Nobre Carvalho, Eduardo Bessa
Nature-based tourism is gaining extensive popularity, increasing the intensity and frequency of human-wildlife contacts. As a consequence, behavioral and physiological alterations were observed in most exposed animals. However, while the majority of these studies investigated the effects of punctual exposure to tourists, the consequences of constant exposition to humans in the wild remains overlooked. This is an important gap considering the exponential interest for recreational outdoor activities. To infer long-term effects of intensive tourism, we capitalized on Odontostilbe pequira , a short-lived sedentary Tetra fish who spends its life close to humans, on which it feeds on dead skin...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389939/the-role-of-human-outdoor-recreation-in-shaping-patterns-of-grizzly-bear-black-bear-co-occurrence
#10
Andrew Ladle, Robin Steenweg, Brenda Shepherd, Mark S Boyce
Species' distributions are influenced by a combination of landscape variables and biotic interactions with other species, including people. Grizzly bears and black bears are sympatric, competing omnivores that also share habitats with human recreationists. By adapting models for multi-species occupancy analysis, we analyzed trail camera data from 192 trail camera locations in and around Jasper National Park, Canada to estimate grizzly bear and black bear occurrence and intensity of trail use. We documented (a) occurrence of grizzly bears and black bears relative to habitat variables (b) occurrence and intensity of use relative to competing bear species and motorised and non-motorised recreational activity, and (c) temporal overlap in activity patterns among the two bear species and recreationists...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369728/introduction-and-establishment-of-raccoon-rabies-on-islands-jekyll-island-georgia-usa-as-a-case-study
#11
Sebastian Ortiz, Sonia M Hernandez, Michael J Yabsley, Trista I Becker, Benjamin Carswell, Yank Moore, Heather Fenton, Charlie S Bahnson, Kevin Niedringhaus, Elizabeth Elsmo, Lillian Orciari, Pamela Yager, Nancy L Stedman, Steven E Nelson, Terry M Norton
  The introduction of rabies virus (RABV) to barrier islands, which are often popular tourist destinations with resource-rich habitats and connectivity and proximity to the mainland, is especially concerning because it can easily become endemic due to factors like dense rabies-vector populations (e.g., raccoons [ Procyon lotor]), high inter- and intraspecies contact rates, and anthropogenic activities such as supplemental feeding of feral cats ( Felis catus). In January 2013, a neurologic raccoon found on the Jekyll Island (JI), Georgia, US causeway tested positive for rabies...
April 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365179/collapse-in-the-heat-from-overhydration-to-the-emergency-room-three-cases-of-exercise-associated-hyponatremia-associated-with-exertional-heat-illness
#12
Robert C Oh, Bryan Malave, Justin D Chaltry
Exertional heat illness and exercise-associated hyponatremia continue to be a problem in military and recreational events. Symptoms of hyponatremia can be mistaken for heat exhaustion or heat stroke. We describe three cases of symptomatic hyponatremia initially contributed to heat illnesses. The first soldier was a 31-yr-old female who "took a knee" at mile 6 of a 12-mile foot march. She had a core temperature of 100.9°F, a serum sodium level of 129 mmol/L, and drank approximately 4.5 quarts of water in 2 h...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363348/reliability-of-internal-and-external-load-parameters-in-recreational-football-soccer-for-health
#13
Marco Beato, Mikael Jamil, Gavin Devereux
There is limited research focussed around the analysis of internal and external load parameters during football health programmes. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of internal and external load parameters in this activity. Thrity subjects were enrolled (mean ± SDs; age = 43 ± 3 years, weight = 84 ± 14 kg, height = 176 ± 7 cm, BMI = 27.1 ± 3, VO2 max = 40.7 ± 3.4 ml. kg. min-1 ). The football matches (five a-side) took place on an artificial grass outdoor field (pitch size of 36 × 18...
April 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311040/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-actinic-keratosis-in-patients-attending-italian-dermatology-clinics
#14
Maria Concetta Fargnoli, Gianfranco Altomare, Elisa Benati, Francesco Borgia, Paolo Broganelli, Anna Carbone, Sergio Chimenti, Sergio Donato, Giampiero Girolomoni, Giuseppe Micali, Erica Moggio, Aurora Parodi, Stefano Piaserico, Giuseppe Pistone, Concetta Potenza, Mario Puviani, Margherita Raucci, Sabina Vaccari, Stefano Veglio, Andrea Zanca, Ketty Peris
Actinic keratosis (AK) is a common keratinocyte intra-epidermal neoplasia. To assess AK prevalence and potential risk factors in patients attending Italian general dermatology clinics. This retrospective study was conducted on clinical data from consecutive white outpatients aged ≥30 years, attending 24 general dermatology clinics between December 2014 and February 2015. AK prevalence (entire population) and multivariate risk factor analysis (patients with current/previous AK and complete data) are presented...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300122/characterizing-blunt-smokers-by-their-acquisition-of-cannabis
#15
David S Timberlake
BACKGROUND: Ethnographers have reported that young, urban males embraced blunt smoking in response to the crack cocaine epidemic that ravaged their neighborhoods in the 1980s. But, recent survey data has indicated high rates of other illicit drug use among blunt smokers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the association between blunt smoking and cannabis acquisition as a potential explanation for the correlation with other illicit drug use. METHODS: The sample consisted of participants from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) who reported use of cannabis or blunts in the prior month (n = 6,040)...
January 4, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299222/functional-electrical-stimulation-cycling-strategies-tested-during-preparation-for-the-first-cybathlon-competition-a-practical-report-from-team-ens-de-lyon
#16
Amine Metani, Lana Popović-Maneski, Sebastien Mateo, Laura Lemahieu, Vance Bergeron
Whether it is from the patient's or the physical therapist's point of view, FES cycling can be considered either as a recreational activity, or an engaging rehabilitation tool. In both cases, it keeps patients with lower-limb paralysis motivated to sustain a regular physical activity. Thus, it is not surprising that it was selected as one of the six disciplines of the first Cybathlon competition held on October 8, 2016. However, many unresolved issues prevent FES cycling from being an activity practiced outdoors on a daily basis; such as, low power production, rapid muscle fatigue, precise electrode positioning, lack of systematic procedures to determine stimulation patterns, and the difficulty of transferring disabled riders from their wheelchair to the tricycle...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291385/serological-detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-piroplasmids-in-equids-in-brazil
#17
Maria Isabel Botelho Vieira, Márcio Machado Costa, Mateus Tonial de Oliveira, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Marcos Rogério André, Rosangela Zacarias Machado
Equine piroplasmosis is a disease caused by the hemoparasites Babesia caballi and Theileria equi and is considered to be the most important parasitic infection affecting Equidae. The objective of the present study was to carry out an epidemiological molecular and serological survey for the presence of these two protozoal organisms in equids from the northwestern region of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), south Brazil. For this purpose, blood samples were collected from 90 equids in the city of Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil...
March 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223777/child-care-centre-adherence-to-infant-physical-activity-and-screen-time-recommendations-in-australia-canada-and-the-united-states-an-observational-study
#18
Lyndel Hewitt, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Valerie Carson, Rebecca M Stanley, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials...
December 7, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219008/powered-off-road-wheelchair-for-the-transportation-of-tetraplegics-along-mountain-trails
#19
Michele Gabrio Antonelli, Stefano Alleva, Pierluigi Beomonte Zobel, Francesco Durante, Terenziano Raparelli
PURPOSE: For off-road mobility, some manual or power assisted devices were conceived to be self-driven by paraplegics while for tetraplegics non power-assisted devices were conceived. These devices require one or more conductors who are subjected to a high physical demand thus potentially creating: precarious safety condition for the user an elevated physical demand of conductors could reduce the care and the attention to give to the user; the time of the outdoor adventure experience of the user could be limited...
December 8, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161214/a-randomized-trial-of-an-advanced-sun-safety-intervention-for-vacationers-at-41-north-american-resorts
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Peter A Andersen, David B Buller, Barbara J Walkosz, Michael D Scott, Larry Beck, Xia Liu, Allison Abbott, Rachel Eye, Gary Cutter
Taking vacations in sunny locations is associated with the development of skin cancer. This study tested a multi-component sun protection intervention based on diffusion of innovations theory and transportation theory designed to increase vacationers' comprehensive sun protection, i.e., use of clothing, hats, and shade, and use, pre-application, and reapplication of sunscreen. The trial enrolled 41 warm weather resorts in North America in a pair-matched group randomized pretest-posttest design and assessed samples of adult vacationers at resort outdoor recreation venues regarding sun protection at pretest (n = 3,531) and posttest (n = 3,226)...
December 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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