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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505477/knowledge-behavioral-practices-and-experiences-of-outdoor-fallers-implications-for-prevention-programs
#1
Tracy Chippendale, Victoria Raveis
OBJECTIVE: Although the epidemiology and prevention of falls has been well studied, the focus has been on indoor rather than outdoor falls. Older adults' knowledge of outdoor risk factors and their outdoor fall prevention practices have not been examined. To fill this gap, and to inform the development of a prevention program, we sought to explore the experiences and fall prevention knowledge and practices of older adults who had sustained an outdoor fall. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using random digit telephone dialing was used to survey community dwelling seniors (N=120) across the five boroughs of New York City...
May 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495219/increases-in-use-and-activity-due-to-urban-renewal-effect-of-a-natural-experiment
#2
Henriette Bondo Andersen, Lars Breum Christiansen, Charlotte Demant Klinker, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Jens Troelsen, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn
INTRODUCTION: Urban green space and other recreational facilities are associated with physical activity. For adolescents living in multistory housing, public outdoor spaces that support physical activity may play an important role in activity promotion strategies. However, stronger evidence for a relation between the built environment and adolescent physical activity is scarce. DESIGN: A natural experiment with a pre-experimental design was used with data collected in 2010 and 2012 before and after an urban renewal...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467949/harmonizing-outdoor-recreation-and-bird-conservation-targets-in-protected-areas-applying-available-monitoring-data-to-facilitate-collaborative-management-at-the-regional-scale
#3
Rogier Pouwels, Henk Sierdsema, Ruud P B Foppen, René J H G Henkens, Paul F M Opdam, Michiel van Eupen
In protected areas managers have to achieve conservation targets while providing opportunities for outdoor recreation. This dual mandate causes conflicts in choosing between management options. Furthermore, the persistence of a protected species within the management unit often depends on how conservation areas elsewhere in the region are managed. We present an assessment procedure to guide groups of managers in aligning outdoor recreation and bird conservation targets for a regional scale protected area in the Netherlands...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467429/human-recreation-affects-spatio-temporal-habitat-use-patterns-in-red-deer-cervus-elaphus
#4
Joy Coppes, Friedrich Burghardt, Robert Hagen, Rudi Suchant, Veronika Braunisch
The rapid spread and diversification of outdoor recreation can impact on wildlife in various ways, often leading to the avoidance of disturbed habitats. To mitigate human-wildlife conflicts, spatial zonation schemes can be implemented to separate human activities from key wildlife habitats, e.g., by designating undisturbed wildlife refuges or areas with some level of restriction to human recreation and land use. However, mitigation practice rarely considers temporal differences in human-wildlife interactions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447466/results-of-a-randomized-trial-on-an-intervention-promoting-adoption-of-occupational-sun-protection-policies
#5
David B Buller, Barbara J Walkosz, Mary Klein Buller, Allan Wallis, Peter A Andersen, Michael D Scott, Rachel Eye, Xia Liu, Gary Cutter
PURPOSE: To evaluate an intervention promoting adoption of occupational sun protection policies by employers in a randomized trial. DESIGN: A randomized pretest-posttest controlled design with 2-year follow-up was conducted in 2010 to 2013. SETTING: Local government organizations in Colorado who had outdoor workers in public works, public safety, and/or parks and recreation. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-eight local government organizations (n = 51 municipalities, 10 counties, and 37 special districts)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432932/surveillance-of-vittaforma-corneae-in-hot-springs-by-a-small-volume-procedure
#6
Jung-Sheng Chen, Tsui-Kang Hsu, Bing-Mu Hsu, Tung-Yi Huang, Yu-Li Huang, Men-Fang Shaio, Dar-Der Ji
Vittaforma corneae is an obligate intracellular fungus and can cause human ocular microsporidiosis. Although accumulating reports of V. corneae causing keratoconjunctivitis in both healthy and immunocompromised persons have been published, little is known about the organism's occurrence in aquatic environments. Limitations in detection sensitivity have meant a large sampling volume is required to detect the pathogen up to now, which is problematic. A recent study in Taiwan has shown that some individuals suffering from microsporidial keratitis (MK) were infected after exposure to the pathogen at a hot spring...
July 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395094/mountain-medical-kits-epidemiology-based-recommendations-and-analysis-of-medical-supplies-carried-by-mountain-climbers-in-colorado
#7
William E Brandenburg, Brian W Locke
Objective: : To provide medical kit recommendations for short mountain wilderness recreation trips (hiking, trekking, backpacking, mountaineering etc.) based on the epidemiology of injury and illness sustained and best treatment guidelines. Additionally, to compare these recommendations to the medical kit contents of mountain climbers in Colorado. Methods: : A primary literature review concerning the epidemiology of injury and illness in mountain wilderness settings was performed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376827/lead-exposure-at-firing-ranges-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Mark A S Laidlaw, Gabriel Filippelli, Howard Mielke, Brian Gulson, Andrew S Ball
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is a toxic substance with well-known, multiple, long-term, adverse health outcomes. Shooting guns at firing ranges is an occupational necessity for security personnel, police officers, members of the military, and increasingly a recreational activity by the public. In the United States alone, an estimated 16,000-18,000 firing ranges exist. Discharge of Pb dust and gases is a consequence of shooting guns. METHODS: The objectives of this study are to review the literature on blood lead levels (BLLs) and potential adverse health effects associated with the shooting population...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346080/a-descriptive-quantitative-study-of-7-and-8-year-old-children-s-outdoor-recreation-cold-exposure-and-symptoms-in-winter-in-northern-finland
#9
Hanna Rasi, Heli Kuivila, Tarja Pölkki, Risto Bloigu, Hannu Rintamäki, Marjo Tourula
BACKGROUND: In Finland, children spend a lot of time outdoors in winter. Outdoor recreation in winter has a wide variety of effects on children's well-being. Although children are a subgroup that is vulnerable to cold exposure, remarkably little research has been done on the subject. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's outdoor recreation, cold exposure and symptoms in winter in Northern Finland. DESIGN: This was a descriptive quantitative study...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325069/experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-an-adaptive-hiking-program
#10
Larissa James, Janet Shing, W Ben Mortenson, Johanne Mattie, Jaimie Borisoff
PURPOSE: Outdoor activities in natural settings have been found to be beneficial for overall health and well-being. However, people with disabilities may have different experiences accessing outdoor activities in natural settings. This research explored the experiences of users, volunteers, and staff, and perspectives of non-users about an adapted hiking program that uses a specialized mobility device called a TrailRider. The research had three objectives: 1. Describe the experiences of users, volunteers, and staff; 2...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321679/the-evaluation-of-the-urban-parks-in-konya-province-in-terms-of-quality-sufficiency-maintenance-and-growth-rate
#11
Sertaç Güngör, Ahmet Tuğrul Polat
Nowadays, the understanding of physically, socially, and visually sufficient and high-standard outdoor arrangements has begun to appear. The most important ones among this kind of spaces are urban parks which contain many recreational opportunities and facilities together. The aim of this study is to identify the current situation of the urban parks in Konya province and the facilities in the parks in terms of quality, sufficiency, growth rate, and maintenance. The second purpose of the study is to obtain information about the park users' evaluations of the park officers within the context of park visits and information sources of the users related to the parks...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241830/acceptability-of-insecticide-treated-clothing-for-malaria-prevention-among-migrant-rubber-tappers-in-myanmar-a-cluster-randomized-non-inferiority-crossover-trial
#12
Alison F Crawshaw, Thae Maung Maung, Muhammad Shafique, Nyan Sint, Sarala Nicholas, Michelle S Li, Arantxa Roca-Feltrer, Jeffrey Hii
BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated clothing (ITC) has long been used for military and outdoor recreational purposes and there is substantial evidence to show that it can protect against arthropod biting. As a complementary vector control measure, ITC could be used to address outdoor transmission of malaria, particularly among mobile and migrant populations and night-time workers such as rubber tappers, who may be beyond the reach of core interventions. However, more information is required on acceptability and preferences of target groups towards ITC to understand whether it could be a viable strategy in Myanmar...
February 28, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197112/relationships-between-personal-and-collective-place-identity-and-well-being-in-mountain-communities
#13
Igor Knez, Ingegärd Eliasson
The aim was to investigate the relationships between landscape-related personal and collective identity and well-being of residents living in a Swedish mountain county (N = 850). It was shown that their most valued mountain activities were viewing and experiencing nature and landscape, outdoor recreation, rest and leisure, and socializing with friends/family. Qualitative analyses showed that the most valued aspects of the sites were landscape and outdoor restoration for personal favorite sites, and tourism and alpine for collective favorite sites...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152362/shared-use-of-physical-activity-facilities-among-north-carolina-faith-communities-2013
#14
Annie Hardison-Moody, Michael B Edwards, Jason N Bocarro, Anna Stein, Michael A Kanters, Danielle Marie Sherman, Lori K Rhew, Willona Marie Stallings, Sarah K Bowen
INTRODUCTION: Shared use of recreational facilities is a promising strategy for increasing access to places for physical activity. Little is known about shared use in faith-based settings. This study examined shared use practices and barriers in faith communities in North Carolina. METHODS: Faith communities in North Carolina (n = 234) completed an online survey (October-December 2013) designed to provide information about the extent and nature of shared use of recreational facilities...
February 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143707/fitness-facilities-still-lack-accessibility-for-people-with-disabilities
#15
James H Rimmer, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Laurie A Malone, Tapan Mehta
BACKGROUND: Fitness facilities have potential to serve as places of 'health enhancement' for many underserved populations, particularly among people with physical/mobility disabilities where walking outdoors to meet recommendations for regular physical activity is not an option due to mobility or safety issues. OBJECTIVE: To examine the accessibility and usability of fitness facilities across the U.S. from a broader framework of physical and program access. METHODS: A convenience sample of 227 fitness facilities in 10 states were assessed by trained evaluators using the Accessibility Instrument Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments (AIMFREE) tool...
December 30, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123226/burden-of-bites-by-dogs-and-other-animals-in-los-angeles-county-california-2009-2011
#16
Caleb Lyu, Mirna Ponce Jewell, Jennifer Piron, Karen Ehnert, Emily Beeler, Alexandra Swanson, Lisa V Smith, Tony Kuo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze all animal-to-human bite reports during a 3-year period from a regional surveillance database. Results helped to inform local efforts to reduce and prevent animal-to-human bites. METHODS: We reviewed all cases of animal-to-human bites occurring from 2009 through 2011 that were reported to the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health's Animal Bites Database. We collected data on the bite victim's date of birth, age, and address; bite circumstances (ie, date, time, location, how bite occurred); anatomic site and treatment of bite; type of reporting facility; and breed and management of biting animal...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097673/schoolyard-shade-and-sun-exposure-assessment-of-personal-monitoring-during-children-s-physical-activity
#17
Jennifer K Vanos, Grant R McKercher, Kylie Naughton, Marc Lochbaum
Childhood exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is a major risk factor for the development of melanoma later in life. However, it is challenging to accurately determine personal outdoor exposure to UVR, specifically erythemally weighted UVR (UVEry ), due to technological constraints, variable time-activity patterns, and the influence of outdoor environmental design. To address this challenge, this study utilized mobile and stationary techniques to examine the UVEry exposures of 14 children in a schoolyard in Lubbock, TX, in spring 2016...
January 18, 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018960/neighbourhood-greenspace-is-associated-with-a-slower-decline-in-physical-activity-in-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Alice M Dalton, Nick Wareham, Simon Griffin, Andrew P Jones
Maintaining physical activity in later life is important for maintaining health and function. Activity outdoors, such as walking, jogging and cycling, may provide an accessible, sociable and practical solution, but maintaining outdoor mobility may be a challenge in later life. Providing green environments which are supportive of physical activity may facilitate this, yet research into how greenspace could be best used is inconclusive. This study evaluates the role of greenspace in protecting against decline in physical activity over time in older adults...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930730/effects-of-recreation-on-animals-revealed-as-widespread-through-a-global-systematic-review
#19
Courtney L Larson, Sarah E Reed, Adina M Merenlender, Kevin R Crooks
Outdoor recreation is typically assumed to be compatible with biodiversity conservation and is permitted in most protected areas worldwide. However, increasing numbers of studies are discovering negative effects of recreation on animals. We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature and analyzed 274 articles on the effects of non-consumptive recreation on animals, across all geographic areas, taxonomic groups, and recreation activities. We quantified trends in publication rates and outlets, identified knowledge gaps, and assessed evidence for effects of recreation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878076/nonmotorized-recreation-and-motorized-recreation-in-shrub-steppe-habitats-affects-behavior-and-reproduction-of-golden-eagles-aquila-chrysaetos
#20
Robert J Spaul, Julie A Heath
Different forms of outdoor recreation have different spatiotemporal activity patterns that may have interactive or cumulative effects on wildlife through human disturbance, physical habitat change, or both. In western North America, shrub-steppe habitats near urban areas are popular sites for motorized recreation and nonmotorized recreation and can provide important habitat for protected species, including golden eagles. Our objective was to determine whether recreation use (i.e., number of recreationists) or recreation features (e...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
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