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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743682/estimating-heart-rate-energy-expenditure-and-physical-performance-with-a-wrist-photoplethysmographic-device-during-running
#1
Jakub Parak, Maria Uuskoski, Jan Machek, Ilkka Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Wearable sensors enable long-term monitoring of health and wellbeing indicators. An objective evaluation of sensors' accuracy is important, especially for their use in health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use a wrist-worn optical heart rate (OHR) device to estimate heart rate (HR), energy expenditure (EE), and maximal oxygen intake capacity (VO2Max) during running and to evaluate the accuracy of the estimated parameters (HR, EE, and VO2Max) against golden reference methods...
July 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701563/experimental-evidence-of-human-recreational-disturbance-effects-on-bird-territory-establishment
#2
Yves Bötsch, Zulima Tablado, Lukas Jenni
The worldwide increase in human outdoor activities raises concerns for wildlife. Human disturbances, even at low levels, are likely to impact species during sensitive periods of the annual cycle. However, experimental studies during the putative sensitive period of territory establishment of birds which not only investigate low disturbance levels, but which also exclude the effect of habitat modification (e.g. walking trails) are lacking. Here, we experimentally disturbed birds in forest plots by walking through twice a day during territory establishment...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686219/do-inequalities-in-neighborhood-walkability-drive-disparities-in-older-adults-outdoor-walking
#3
Razieh Zandieh, Johannes Flacke, Javier Martinez, Phil Jones, Martin van Maarseveen
Older residents of high-deprivation areas walk less than those of low-deprivation areas. Previous research has shown that neighborhood built environment may support and encourage outdoor walking. The extent to which the built environment supports and encourages walking is called "walkability". This study examines inequalities in neighborhood walkability in high- versus low-deprivation areas and their possible influences on disparities in older adults' outdoor walking levels. For this purpose, it focuses on specific neighborhood built environment attributes (residential density, land-use mix and intensity, street connectivity, and retail density) relevant to neighborhood walkability...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656467/first-descents-an-adventure-program-for-young-adults-with-cancer-who-benefits
#4
Brad Zebrack, Minyoung Kwak, Laura Sundstrom
BACKGROUND: Participation in camps, adventure programs, retreats, and other social events offers experiences that can promote self-efficacy and quality of life. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine whether participation in a 1-week outdoor adventure program resulted in improvements in psychological distress, self-efficacy, and/or social support for young adult cancer patients (AYAs) aged 18-40 years. The study examined the differential effect of participation for AYAs who indicated moderate to severe symptoms of psychological distress prior to their trip...
June 27, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646369/impacts-of-a-temporary-urban-pop-up-park-on-physical-activity-and-other-individual-and-community-level-outcomes
#5
Deborah Salvo, Jorge A Banda, Jylana L Sheats, Sandra J Winter, Daniela Lopes Dos Santos, Abby C King
Physical inactivity is a known risk factor for obesity and a number of chronic diseases. Modifying the physical features of neighborhoods to provide residents with equitable and convenient access to spaces for physical activity (PA) is a promising strategy for promoting PA. Public urban recreation spaces (e.g., parks) play an important role in promoting PA and are potentially an important neighborhood element for optimizing social capital and liveability in cities. Most studies examining the effects of park availability and use on PA have focused on traditional, permanent parks...
August 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617897/recreational-activity-and-facial-trauma-among-older-adults
#6
Andrea Plawecki, Michael Bobian, Aron Kandinov, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Michael Carron
Importance: As the US population ages, public health agencies have released guidelines encouraging aerobic activity and muscle-strengthening exercises among older individuals. Facial trauma from such activities among elderly individuals has long been underappreciated. Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of recreational activity-associated facial fractures among older adults and to further delineate injury characteristics including demographics, fracture location, and specific activities...
June 15, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578267/influence-of-settings-management-and-protection-status-on-recreational-uses-and-pressures-in-marine-protected-areas
#7
Charles Gonson, Dominique Pelletier, Frederique Alban, Charlotte Giraud-Carrier, Jocelyne Ferraris
Coastal populations and tourism are growing worldwide. Consequently outdoor recreational activity is increasing and diversifying. While Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are valuable for mitigating anthropogenic impacts, recreational uses are rarely monitored and studied, resulting in a lack of knowledge on users' practices, motivation and impacts. Based on boat counts and interview data collected in New Caledonia, we i) explored factors affecting user practices and motivations, ii) constructed fine-scale pressure indices covering activities and associated behaviors, and iii) assessed the relationships between user practices and site selection...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537784/the-dangerousness-of-mountain-recreation-a-quantitative-overview-of-fatal-and-non-fatal-accidents-in-france
#8
Bastien Soulé, Brice Lefèvre, Eric Boutroy
In France, there is a growing enthusiasm for outdoor sports and recreation. In the meantime, the risk of both severe and frequent injury associated with active pursuits in mountain areas is acknowledged. This paper tackles accidents related to mountain sports, with a focus on three critical activities: hiking, mountaineering and ski touring. The aim consists of estimating the actual number of accidents (whether they entailed deaths or injuries) in the three above-mentioned activities. In order to align the information collected, then provide estimations based on the reasoned crossing of these secondary data, we consulted and summarised all the databases available on the French territory...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505477/knowledge-behavioral-practices-and-experiences-of-outdoor-fallers-implications-for-prevention-programs
#9
Tracy Chippendale, Victoria Raveis
OBJECTIVE: Although the epidemiology and prevention of falls has been well studied, the focus has been on indoor rather than outdoor falls. Older adults' knowledge of outdoor risk factors and their outdoor fall prevention practices have not been examined. To fill this gap, and to inform the development of a prevention program, we sought to explore the experiences and fall prevention knowledge and practices of older adults who had sustained an outdoor fall. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using random digit telephone dialing was used to survey community dwelling seniors (N=120) across the five boroughs of New York City...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495219/increases-in-use-and-activity-due-to-urban-renewal-effect-of-a-natural-experiment
#10
Henriette Bondo Andersen, Lars Breum Christiansen, Charlotte Demant Klinker, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Jens Troelsen, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn
INTRODUCTION: Urban green space and other recreational facilities are associated with physical activity. For adolescents living in multistory housing, public outdoor spaces that support physical activity may play an important role in activity promotion strategies. However, stronger evidence for a relation between the built environment and adolescent physical activity is scarce. DESIGN: A natural experiment with a pre-experimental design was used with data collected in 2010 and 2012 before and after an urban renewal...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467949/harmonizing-outdoor-recreation-and-bird-conservation-targets-in-protected-areas-applying-available-monitoring-data-to-facilitate-collaborative-management-at-the-regional-scale
#11
Rogier Pouwels, Henk Sierdsema, Ruud P B Foppen, René J H G Henkens, Paul F M Opdam, Michiel van Eupen
In protected areas managers have to achieve conservation targets while providing opportunities for outdoor recreation. This dual mandate causes conflicts in choosing between management options. Furthermore, the persistence of a protected species within the management unit often depends on how conservation areas elsewhere in the region are managed. We present an assessment procedure to guide groups of managers in aligning outdoor recreation and bird conservation targets for a regional scale protected area in the Netherlands...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467429/human-recreation-affects-spatio-temporal-habitat-use-patterns-in-red-deer-cervus-elaphus
#12
Joy Coppes, Friedrich Burghardt, Robert Hagen, Rudi Suchant, Veronika Braunisch
The rapid spread and diversification of outdoor recreation can impact on wildlife in various ways, often leading to the avoidance of disturbed habitats. To mitigate human-wildlife conflicts, spatial zonation schemes can be implemented to separate human activities from key wildlife habitats, e.g., by designating undisturbed wildlife refuges or areas with some level of restriction to human recreation and land use. However, mitigation practice rarely considers temporal differences in human-wildlife interactions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447466/results-of-a-randomized-trial-on-an-intervention-promoting-adoption-of-occupational-sun-protection-policies
#13
David B Buller, Barbara J Walkosz, Mary Klein Buller, Allan Wallis, Peter A Andersen, Michael D Scott, Rachel Eye, Xia Liu, Gary Cutter
PURPOSE: To evaluate an intervention promoting adoption of occupational sun protection policies by employers in a randomized trial. DESIGN: A randomized pretest-posttest controlled design with 2-year follow-up was conducted in 2010 to 2013. SETTING: Local government organizations in Colorado who had outdoor workers in public works, public safety, and/or parks and recreation. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-eight local government organizations (n = 51 municipalities, 10 counties, and 37 special districts)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432932/surveillance-of-vittaforma-corneae-in-hot-springs-by-a-small-volume-procedure
#14
Jung-Sheng Chen, Tsui-Kang Hsu, Bing-Mu Hsu, Tung-Yi Huang, Yu-Li Huang, Men-Fang Shaio, Dar-Der Ji
Vittaforma corneae is an obligate intracellular fungus and can cause human ocular microsporidiosis. Although accumulating reports of V. corneae causing keratoconjunctivitis in both healthy and immunocompromised persons have been published, little is known about the organism's occurrence in aquatic environments. Limitations in detection sensitivity have meant a large sampling volume is required to detect the pathogen up to now, which is problematic. A recent study in Taiwan has shown that some individuals suffering from microsporidial keratitis (MK) were infected after exposure to the pathogen at a hot spring...
July 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395094/mountain-medical-kits-epidemiology-based-recommendations-and-analysis-of-medical-supplies-carried-by-mountain-climbers-in-colorado
#15
William E Brandenburg, Brian W Locke
Objective: : To provide medical kit recommendations for short mountain wilderness recreation trips (hiking, trekking, backpacking, mountaineering etc.) based on the epidemiology of injury and illness sustained and best treatment guidelines. Additionally, to compare these recommendations to the medical kit contents of mountain climbers in Colorado. Methods: : A primary literature review concerning the epidemiology of injury and illness in mountain wilderness settings was performed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376827/lead-exposure-at-firing-ranges-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Mark A S Laidlaw, Gabriel Filippelli, Howard Mielke, Brian Gulson, Andrew S Ball
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is a toxic substance with well-known, multiple, long-term, adverse health outcomes. Shooting guns at firing ranges is an occupational necessity for security personnel, police officers, members of the military, and increasingly a recreational activity by the public. In the United States alone, an estimated 16,000-18,000 firing ranges exist. Discharge of Pb dust and gases is a consequence of shooting guns. METHODS: The objectives of this study are to review the literature on blood lead levels (BLLs) and potential adverse health effects associated with the shooting population...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346080/a-descriptive-quantitative-study-of-7-and-8-year-old-children-s-outdoor-recreation-cold-exposure-and-symptoms-in-winter-in-northern-finland
#17
Hanna Rasi, Heli Kuivila, Tarja Pölkki, Risto Bloigu, Hannu Rintamäki, Marjo Tourula
BACKGROUND: In Finland, children spend a lot of time outdoors in winter. Outdoor recreation in winter has a wide variety of effects on children's well-being. Although children are a subgroup that is vulnerable to cold exposure, remarkably little research has been done on the subject. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe children's outdoor recreation, cold exposure and symptoms in winter in Northern Finland. DESIGN: This was a descriptive quantitative study...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325069/experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-an-adaptive-hiking-program
#18
Larissa James, Janet Shing, W Ben Mortenson, Johanne Mattie, Jaimie Borisoff
PURPOSE: Outdoor activities in natural settings have been found to be beneficial for overall health and well-being. However, people with disabilities may have different experiences accessing outdoor activities in natural settings. This research explored the experiences of users, volunteers, and staff, and perspectives of non-users about an adapted hiking program that uses a specialized mobility device called a TrailRider. The research had three objectives: 1. Describe the experiences of users, volunteers, and staff; 2...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321679/the-evaluation-of-the-urban-parks-in-konya-province-in-terms-of-quality-sufficiency-maintenance-and-growth-rate
#19
Sertaç Güngör, Ahmet Tuğrul Polat
Nowadays, the understanding of physically, socially, and visually sufficient and high-standard outdoor arrangements has begun to appear. The most important ones among this kind of spaces are urban parks which contain many recreational opportunities and facilities together. The aim of this study is to identify the current situation of the urban parks in Konya province and the facilities in the parks in terms of quality, sufficiency, growth rate, and maintenance. The second purpose of the study is to obtain information about the park users' evaluations of the park officers within the context of park visits and information sources of the users related to the parks...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241830/acceptability-of-insecticide-treated-clothing-for-malaria-prevention-among-migrant-rubber-tappers-in-myanmar-a-cluster-randomized-non-inferiority-crossover-trial
#20
Alison F Crawshaw, Thae Maung Maung, Muhammad Shafique, Nyan Sint, Sarala Nicholas, Michelle S Li, Arantxa Roca-Feltrer, Jeffrey Hii
BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated clothing (ITC) has long been used for military and outdoor recreational purposes and there is substantial evidence to show that it can protect against arthropod biting. As a complementary vector control measure, ITC could be used to address outdoor transmission of malaria, particularly among mobile and migrant populations and night-time workers such as rubber tappers, who may be beyond the reach of core interventions. However, more information is required on acceptability and preferences of target groups towards ITC to understand whether it could be a viable strategy in Myanmar...
February 28, 2017: Malaria Journal
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