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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878076/nonmotorized-recreation-and-motorized-recreation-in-shrub-steppe-habitats-affects-behavior-and-reproduction-of-golden-eagles-aquila-chrysaetos
#1
Robert J Spaul, Julie A Heath
Different forms of outdoor recreation have different spatiotemporal activity patterns that may have interactive or cumulative effects on wildlife through human disturbance, physical habitat change, or both. In western North America, shrub-steppe habitats near urban areas are popular sites for motorized recreation and nonmotorized recreation and can provide important habitat for protected species, including golden eagles. Our objective was to determine whether recreation use (i.e., number of recreationists) or recreation features (e...
November 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845404/regional-probabilistic-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-different-environmental-media-and-land-uses-an-urbanization-affected-drinking-water-supply-area
#2
Chi Peng, Yimin Cai, Tieyu Wang, Rongbo Xiao, Weiping Chen
In this study, we proposed a Regional Probabilistic Risk Assessment (RPRA) to estimate the health risks of exposing residents to heavy metals in different environmental media and land uses. The mean and ranges of heavy metal concentrations were measured in water, sediments, soil profiles and surface soils under four land uses along the Shunde Waterway, a drinking water supply area in China. Hazard quotients (HQs) were estimated for various exposure routes and heavy metal species. Riverbank vegetable plots and private vegetable plots had 95(th) percentiles of total HQs greater than 3 and 1, respectively, indicating high risks of cultivation on the flooded riverbank...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828990/recreational-use-of-the-countryside-no-evidence-that-high-nature-value-enhances-a-key-ecosystem-service
#3
Karen Hornigold, Iain Lake, Paul Dolman
In Western Europe, recreational amenity is presented as an important cultural ecosystem service that, along with other values, helps justify policies to conserve biodiversity. However, whether recreational use by the public is enhanced at protected areas designated for nature conservation is unknown. This is the first study to model outdoor recreation at a national scale, examining habitat preferences with statutory designation (Site of Special Scientific Interest) as an indicator of nature conservation importance...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773470/exploring-the-interconnections-between-gender-health-and-nature
#4
S MacBride-Stewart, Y Gong, J Antell
OBJECTIVES: Public health has recognized that nature is good for health but there are calls for a review of its gendered aspects. This review attempts to develop and explore a broad analytical theme - the differing interconnections between gender, health and nature. The paper summarizes the interconnections that have been subject to extensive academic enquiry between gender and health, health and space, and gender and space. METHODS: A combination of key terms including place; gender; health; outdoor space; green space; natural environment; national parks; femininity; masculinity; recreation; physical activity; sustainability; ecofeminism; feminism; environmental degradation; and environmental justice were used to search the electronic databases Sociological Abstracts, Web of Science and Scopus to identify relevant articles...
October 20, 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593384/relationship-between-foot-strike-pattern-running-speed-and-footwear-condition-in-recreational-distance-runners
#5
Roy T H Cheung, Rodney Y L Wong, Tim K W Chung, R T Choi, Wendy W Y Leung, Diana H Y Shek
Compared to competitive runners, recreational runners appear to be more prone to injuries, which have been associated with foot strike patterns. Surprisingly, only few studies had examined the foot strike patterns outside laboratories. Therefore, this study compared the foot strike patterns in recreational runners at outdoor tracks with previously reported data. We also investigated the relationship between foot strike pattern, speed, and footwear in this cohort. Among 434 recreational runners analysed, 89...
September 4, 2016: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559323/qualitative-analysis-of-emotions-fear-and-thrill
#6
Ralf C Buckley
People can speak, and this provides opportunities to analyze human emotions using perceived experiences communicated via language, as well as through measurement and imaging techniques that are also applicable to other higher animal species. Here I compare four qualitative methodological approaches to test if, and how, thrill depends on fear. I use eight high-risk, high-skill, real-life outdoor adventure recreation activities to provide the test circumstances. I present data from: >4000 person-days of participant observation; interviews with 40 expert practitioners; retrospective autoethnography of 50 critical incidents over 4 decades; and experimental autoethnography of 60 events...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548195/association-between-natural-resources-for-outdoor-activities-and-physical-inactivity-results-from-the-contiguous-united-states
#7
Yan Jiang, Yongping Yuan, Anne Neale, Laura Jackson, Megan Mehaffey
Protected areas including national/state parks and recreational waters are excellent natural resources that promote physical activity and interaction with Nature, which can relieve stress and reduce disease risk. Despite their importance, however, their contribution to human health has not been properly quantified. This paper seeks to evaluate quantitatively how national/state parks and recreational waters are associated with human health and well-being, taking into account of the spatial dependence of environmental variables for the contiguous U...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498882/impact-of-selected-personal-factors-on-seasonal-variability-of-recreationist-weather-perceptions-and-preferences-in-warsaw-poland
#8
Katarzyna Lindner-Cendrowska, Krzysztof Błażejczyk
Weather and climate are important natural resources for tourism and recreation, although sometimes they can make outdoor leisure activities less satisfying or even impossible. The aim of this work was to determine weather perception seasonal variability of people staying outdoors in urban environment for tourism and recreation, as well as to determine if personal factors influence estimation of recreationist actual biometeorological conditions and personal expectations towards weather elements. To investigate how human thermal sensations vary upon meteorological conditions typical for temperate climate, weather perception field researches were conducted in Warsaw (Poland) in all seasons...
August 8, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473113/a-quasi-experimental-examination-of-how-school-based-physical-activity-changes-impact-secondary-school-student-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-over-time-in-the-compass-study
#9
Stephen Hunter, Scott T Leatherdale, Kate Storey, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is characterized by low moderate- to vigorous- intensity physical activity (MVPA) levels. Targeting the school setting can increase MVPA among a large proportion of adolescents. However, school-based physical activity interventions for adolescents remain largely ineffective. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine how naturally-occurring changes to school physical activity policy, recreational programming, public health resources, and the physical environment, impact adolescent MVPA over a 1-year period...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376416/variations-in-leptin-and-insulin-levels-within-one-swimming-season-in-non-obese-female-cold-water-swimmers
#10
Magdalena Gibas-Dorna, Zuzanna Checinska, Emilia Korek, Justyna Kupsz, Anna Sowinska, Malgorzata Wojciechowska, Hanna Krauss, Jacek Piątek
AIM: We examined whether cold water swimming for seven consecutive months changes basal leptin and insulin concentrations and insulin sensitivity in healthy non-obese women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen recreational female swimmers aged 45 ± 8.7 years, regularly swimming outdoors during winter months were exposed to cold water at least twice a week. Fasting blood samples were collected in October, January and April. Serum leptin, insulin and glucose concentrations were tested and insulin sensitivity was calculated using updated model HOMA2...
October 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27370096/importance-of-managing-for-personal-benefits-hedonic-and-utilitarian-motivations-and-place-attachment-at-an-urban-natural-setting
#11
Megha Budruk, Woojin Lee
Research on antecedents of place attachment suggests that the special bonds people form with nature are influenced by a number of variables. This study examines associations between the perceived importance of managing for personal benefits, motivations, and place attachment among outdoor recreationists at an urban natural setting. Motivation was conceptualized as two-dimensional (Hedonic and Utilitarian) borrowed from the retail and consumer marketing field and previously unused in a natural resource recreation context...
September 2016: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27368447/a-chilling-reminder-pediatric-facial-trauma-from-recreational-winter-activities
#12
Peter F Svider, Michael Bobian, Houmehr Hojjat, Anthony Sheyn, Giancarlo Zuliani, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
BACKGROUND: Winter activities offer children and adolescents an outdoor recreational opportunity during the coldest months. Our objectives were to estimate the national incidence of facial injury associated with recreational winter activities. Furthermore, we analyze demographic trends and clinical characteristics of patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), a population-based resource, was evaluated for ED visits from 2010 to 2014 for children injured from "active" winter -undertakings (snowboarding, skiing, ice skating) and sledding/tubing...
August 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354718/the-copenhagen-consensus-conference-2016-children-youth-and-physical-activity-in-schools-and-during-leisure-time
#13
Jens Bangsbo, Peter Krustrup, Joan Duda, Charles Hillman, Lars Bo Andersen, Maureen Weiss, Craig A Williams, Taru Lintunen, Ken Green, Peter Riis Hansen, Patti-Jean Naylor, Ingegerd Ericsson, Glen Nielsen, Karsten Froberg, Anna Bugge, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen, Jasper Schipperijn, Symeon Dagkas, Sine Agergaard, Jesper von Seelen, Charlotte Østergaard, Thomas Skovgaard, Henrik Busch, Anne-Marie Elbe
From 4 to 7 April 2016, 24 researchers from 8 countries and from a variety of academic disciplines gathered in Snekkersten, Denmark, to reach evidence-based consensus about physical activity in children and youth, that is, individuals between 6 and 18 years. Physical activity is an overarching term that consists of many structured and unstructured forms within school and out-of-school-time contexts, including organised sport, physical education, outdoor recreation, motor skill development programmes, recess, and active transportation such as biking and walking...
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348979/characteristics-of-the-built-environment-and-the-presence-of-the-norway-rat-in-new-york-city-results-from-a-neighborhood-rat-surveillance-program-2008-2010
#14
Sarah Johnson, Caroline Bragdon, Carolyn Olson, Mario Merlino, Sancia Bonaparte
Characteristics of an urban setting such as New York City (NYC), including readily available putrescible waste and ample underground infrastructure, make it highly attractive to the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus). To identify property and neighborhood characteristics associated with rat presence, recent inspectional results were analyzed from over 77,000 properties in the Bronx and Manhattan. Variables capturing the location and density of factors believed to promote rat populations were tested individually and in combination in models predicting rat activity...
June 2016: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334542/improving-public-health-intervention-for-mosquito-borne-disease-the-value-of-geovisualization-using-source-of-infection-and-landscan-data
#15
E J Flies, C R Williams, P Weinstein, S J Anderson
Epidemiological studies use georeferenced health data to identify disease clusters but the accuracy of this georeferencing is obfuscated by incorrectly assigning the source of infection and by aggregating case data to larger geographical areas. Often, place of residence (residence) is used as a proxy for the source of infection (source) which may not be accurate. Using a 21-year dataset from South Australia of human infections with the mosquito-borne Ross River virus, we found that 37% of cases were believed to have been acquired away from home...
October 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318455/surface-effects-on-dynamic-stability-and-loading-during-outdoor-running-using-wireless-trunk-accelerometry
#16
Kurt H Schütte, Jeroen Aeles, Tim Op De Beéck, Babette C van der Zwaard, Rachel Venter, Benedicte Vanwanseele
Despite frequently declared benefits of using wireless accelerometers to assess running gait in real-world settings, available research is limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate outdoor surface effects on dynamic stability and dynamic loading during running using tri-axial trunk accelerometry. Twenty eight runners (11 highly-trained, 17 recreational) performed outdoor running on three outdoor training surfaces (concrete road, synthetic track and woodchip trail) at self-selected comfortable running speeds...
July 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282835/cardiac-troponin-t-and-i-release-after-a-30-km-run
#17
Lieke J J Klinkenberg, Peter Luyten, Noreen van der Linden, Kim Urgel, Daniëlle P C Snijders, Christian Knackstedt, Robert Dennert, Bastiaan L J H Kietselaer, Alma M A Mingels, Eline P M Cardinaels, Frederique E C M Peeters, Jeroen D E van Suijlen, Joop Ten Kate, Elke Marsch, Thomas L Theelen, Judith C Sluimer, Kristiaan Wouters, Otto Bekers, Sebastiaan C A M Bekkers, Luc J C van Loon, Marja P van Dieijen-Visser, Steven J R Meex
Prolonged endurance-type exercise is associated with elevated cardiac troponin (cTn) levels in asymptomatic recreational athletes. It is unclear whether exercise-induced cTn release mirrors a physiological or pathological underlying process. The aim of this study was to provide a direct comparison of the release kinetics of high-sensitivity cTnI (hs-cTnI) and T (hs-cTnT) after endurance-type exercise. In addition, the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC), a cardioprotective strategy that limits ischemia-reperfusion injury, was investigated in a randomized controlled crossover manner...
July 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232425/lifetime-prevalence-of-non-melanoma-and-melanoma-skin-cancer-in-australian-recreational-and-competitive-surfers
#18
Mike Climstein, James Furness, Wayne Hing, Joe Walsh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Surfing is one of the most popular outdoor aquatic activities in Australia with an estimated 2.7 million recreational surfers; however, Australia has long been recognized as having the highest incidence of melanoma in the world, and it is the most common type of cancer in young Australians. The aim of this study was to investigate the lifetime prevalence of non-melanoma [basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)] and melanoma skin cancers in Australian recreational and competitive surfers...
July 2016: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215001/time-spent-outdoors-and-myopia-establishing-an-evidence-base
#19
EDITORIAL
Enis D Kocak, Justin C Sherwin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Eye Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27214999/the-role-of-outdoor-activity-in-myopia-prevention
#20
EDITORIAL
Li Deng, Yi Pang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Eye Science
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