keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

active recreation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156071/arthroscopic-repair-of-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-in-active-patients-younger-than-40-years-2-to-5-year-clinical-outcomes
#1
Nata Parnes, Nicole R Bartoszewski, Michael J Defranco
This study characterized injury patterns and reported clinical outcomes of all-arthroscopic management of full-thickness rotator cuff tears among military patients younger than 40 years. A retrospective review was performed of prospective data for 42 patients younger than 40 years who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and, in some cases, concomitant labral repair. Preoperative and postoperative evaluations (minimum follow-up, 2 years; mean, 41 months; range, 24-66 months) included range of motion, visual analog scale (VAS) score, Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV), and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Shoulder Score...
November 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155148/functional-properties-and-mechanism-of-action-of-pptq-an-allosteric-agonist-and-low-nanomolar-positive-allosteric-modulator-at-gabaa-receptors
#2
Nawid Madjroh, Emma Rie Olander, Christoffer Bundgaard, Pella Cecilia Söderhielm, Anders A Jensen
The former sedative-hypnotic and recreational drug methaqualone (Quaalude) is a moderately potent, non-selective positive allosteric modulator (PAM) at GABAA receptors (GABAARs) (Hammer et al., 2015). In the present study, we have identified a novel methaqualone analog, 2-phenyl-3-(p-tolyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-one (PPTQ), in a screening of 67 analogs at five αβ2γ2S GABAAR subtypes and delineated its functional properties and mechanism of action at wild-type and mutant GABAARs expressed in Xenopus oocytes by two-electrode voltage clamp electrophysiology...
November 15, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154006/hydrodynamic-modelling-of-the-influence-of-stormwater-and-combined-sewer-overflows-on-receiving-water-quality-benzo-a-pyrene-and-copper-risks-to-recreational-water
#3
Karin Björklund, Mia Bondelind, Anna Karlsson, Dick Karlsson, Ekaterina Sokolova
The risk from chemical substances in surface waters is often increased during wet weather, due to surface runoff, combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and erosion of contaminated land. There are strong incentives to improve the quality of surface waters affected by human activities, not only from ecotoxicity and ecosystem health perspectives, but also for drinking water and recreational purposes. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of urban stormwater discharges and CSOs on receiving water in the context of chemical health risks and recreational water quality...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153477/biomechanical-adaptations-during-running-differ-based-on-type-of-exercise-and-fitness-level
#4
Lindsay V Slater, Austin S Simpson, Silvia S Blemker, Jay Hertel, Susan A Saliba, Arthur L Weltman, Joseph M Hart
Lower extremity injuries are most common in more active and fit individuals, suggesting that adaptations from neuromuscular fatigue may differ depending on type of exercise and fitness level. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in gait in highly fit and recreationally active individuals before and after two exercise protocols. Lower extremity kinematics and kinetics were measured on the dominant leg during running before and after two exercise protocols (walking/sport) from 0 to 100% of gait in 24 healthy individuals divided into higher (n=13) and lower fitness (n=11) groups...
November 13, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151785/children-s-lifestyle-behaviors-in-relation-to-anthropometric-indices-a-family-practice-study
#5
Aida Puia, Daniel-Corneliu Leucuta
Introduction: Obesity prevention in children represents one of the main concerns in primary care. In order to develop into a healthy adult, the child has to follow a healthy lifestyle in all aspects: nutritional, behavioral, physical and recreational. Our main goal was to identify which habits may influence the children's somatic development. Method: Our study, performed in a family practice, consisted in a questionnaire regarding physical activity, diet and use of electronic devices...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146752/physical-activity-and-cancer-an-umbrella-review-of-the-literature-including-22-major-anatomical-sites-and-770%C3%A2-000-cancer-cases
#6
REVIEW
Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Georgios Markozannes, Juan Pablo Rey-López, I-Min Lee, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, John P A Ioannidis, José Eluf-Neto
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the breadth and validity of claimed associations between physical activity and risk of developing or dying from cancer. DESIGN: Umbrella review. DATA SOURCES: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane Database and Web of Science. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Systematic reviews about physical activity and cancer incidence and cancer mortality in different body sites among general population...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144392/design-and-development-of-a-novel-upper-limb-cycling-prosthesis
#7
Akira Tiele, Shivam Soni-Sadar, Jack Rowbottom, Shilen Patel, Edward Mathewson, Samuel Pearson, David Hutchins, John Head, Stephen Hutchins
The rise in popularity of the Paralympics in recent years has created a need for effective, low-cost sports-prosthetic devices for upper-limb amputees. There are various opportunities for lower-limb amputees to participate in cycling; however, there are only few options for those with upper-limb amputations. If the individual previously participated in cycling, a cycling-specific prosthesis could allow these activities to be integrated into rehabilitation methods. This article describes the processes involved with designing, developing and manufacturing such a prosthesis...
November 16, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143123/recovery-of-the-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-and-vascular-system-after-maximal-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-recreational-athletes
#8
Heidi Weberruss, Johannes Maucher, Renate Oberhoffer, Jan Müller
OBJECTIVE: The body's adaptation to physical exercise is modulated by sympathetic and parasympathetic (vagal) branches of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Heart rate variability (HRV), the beat-to-beat variation of the heart, is a proxy measure for ANS activity, whereas blood pressure (BP) is an indicator for cardiovascular function. Impaired vagal activity and lower BP is already described after exercise. However, inconsistent results exist about how long vagal recovery takes and how long post-exercise hypotension persists...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140911/effect-of-bench-press-load-knowledge-on-repetitions-rpe-and-attentional-focus
#9
Christina M Beaudoin, Zachary Cox, Tyler Dundore, Tayler Thomas, Johnathon Kim, Daniel Pillivant
Few studies have examined the role of the teleoanticipation during resistance training. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of bench press (BP) load knowledge on repetitions completed, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and attentional focus (%associative). Thirty-six recreationally active resistance trained men (n = 25) and women (n = 11) participated in this study (age= 20.97 + 1.87 yrs; ht 174.12 + 9.41 cm; mass 80.14 + 14.03 kg). All subjects completed three testing sessions: 1) One-repetition maximum (1RM) BP determination; 2) Submaximal BP repetitions to fatigue known load (KL); 3) Submaximal BP repetitions to fatigue unknown load (UL)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140170/clinical-diagnostic-tests-versus-mri-diagnosis-of-acl-tears
#10
Megan P Brady, Windee Weiss
CLINICAL SCENARIO: A common injury among elite, recreational, and youth athletes is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear.(1) Approximately 200,000 ACL injuries occur every year.(2) The gold standard in ACL injury evaluation is diagnostic arthroscopy,(3,4) however the diagnostic accuracy of clinical diagnostic tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is debatable.(1,3-6) Due to the frequency of knee injury,(3) MRI is a common diagnostic tool used for imaging and diagnosis(5). ACL tears are also diagnosed using clinical diagnostic tests...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139190/a-man-before-his-time-russell-s-insights-into-nicotine-smoking-treatment-and-curbing-the-smoking-problem
#11
Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This narrative review aimed to provide a brief overview of five key research 'classics' produced by the innovative and radical thought leader, Professor Michael Anthony Hamilton Russell (1932-2009), drawing upon his other work wherever feasible. METHODS: Narrative review. From more than 250 publications, we selected papers we considered seminal texts, published in 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1991. RESULTS: Russell was among the first researchers to explain that smoking was a dependence disorder caused by the drug nicotine decades before this was recognized formally...
November 15, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138919/low-re-rupture-rate-with-bptb-autograft-and-semitendinosus-gracilis-autograft-with-preserved-insertions-in-acl-reconstruction-surgery-in-sports-persons
#12
Ravi Gupta, Munish Sood, Anubhav Malhotra, Gladson David Masih, Anil Kapoor, Mukta Raghav, Mehar Dhillon
PURPOSE: To compare the results of bone-patellar tendon-bone graft (BPTB), semitendinosus-gracilis graft with preserved insertions (STGPI) and semitendinosus-gracilis-free graft (STGF) in terms of graft failure, objective mechanical stability, functional outcome, and return to sports in elite and recreational sports persons. It was hypothesized that the STGPI graft provided superior outcome as compared to the other two grafts. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-nine elite and recreational players who underwent ACL reconstruction surgery, with BPTB graft (N = 80), STGPI graft (N = 85), and STGF graft (N = 84) with a minimum follow-up of 2 years, were assessed using clinical tests, knee arthrometer (KT 1000™), single-leg hop test, Lysholm knee score, Tegner's activity scale, and return to sports...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136747/-association-between-biomarkers-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-the-elderly-%C3%A2-65-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#13
J S Luo, Y B Lyu, Z X Yin, W H Shi, J Zhang, L Q Su, J L Fang, X M Shi
Objective: To explore the association between biomarkers and activities of daily living (ADL) in the elderly over 65 years old from longevity areas in China. Methods: A total of 2 439 people from 8 longevity areas were included in our baseline survey in 2012. Using questionnaires, body measurements, and blood biochemical examinations, information on demographics characteristic, life style, ADL, blood pressure and biomarkers were collected. Based on these six items of ADL (bathing, dressing, indoor activities, toileting, eating, bowel and bladder control), we constructed a dichotomous indicator for ADL...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134560/neurochemical-and-neurotoxic-effects-of-mdma-ecstasy-and-caffeine-after-chronic-combined-administration-in-mice
#14
Anna Maria Górska, Katarzyna Kamińska, Agnieszka Wawrzczak-Bargieła, Giulia Costa, Micaela Morelli, Ryszard Przewłocki, Grzegorz Kreiner, Krystyna Gołembiowska
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a psychostimulant popular as a recreational drug because of its effect on mood and social interactions. MDMA acts at dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT) and serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT) and is known to induce damage of dopamine and serotonin neurons. MDMA is often ingested with caffeine. Caffeine as a non-selective adenosine A1/A2A receptor antagonist affects dopaminergic and serotonergic transmissions. The aim of the present study was to determine the changes in DA and 5-HT release in the mouse striatum induced by MDMA and caffeine after their chronic administration...
November 13, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134521/metals-in-diplodus-sargus-cadenati-and-sparisoma-cretense-a-risk-assessment-for-consumers
#15
Aridani Afonso, Ángel J Gutiérrez, Gonzalo Lozano, Dailos González-Weller, Enrique Lozano-Bilbao, Carmen Rubio, José M Caballero, Consuelo Revert, Arturo Hardisson
The increases in urbanization, demography and industrial activity, along with growing human needs which exploit the resources of the planet, have exponentially exacerbated pollution. In particular, the discharge of heavy metals into the marine ecosystem is a problem of global magnitude, as this may damage the diversity of marine species and ecosystems because of their toxicity, long persistence and bioaccumulation. Consequently, it is necessary to carry out an assessment of the risk of human exposure from the consumption of marine species potentially exposed to this type of pollutants...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134487/sildenafil-citrate-use-in-addis-ababa-characteristics-of-users-and-pharmacists-dispensing-practices
#16
Dawit Teshome Gebregeorgise, Yajeb Melesse Belay, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Background Studies have reported misuse of sildenafil citrate for recreational purpose, not least by healthy young men. This is becoming a major concern, for medical and other reasons. Objective The aim of this study was to document the characteristics of sildenafil citrate users and to explore the dispensing practices of the medicine in selected community pharmacies in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Setting Data was collected in community pharmacies in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Method A survey, using a self-administrated questionnaire, was conducted among customers who purchased sildenafil citrate from community pharmacies...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133575/childhood-sports-participation-and-adolescent-sport-profile
#17
François Gallant, Jennifer L O'Loughlin, Jennifer Brunet, Catherine M Sabiston, Mathieu Bélanger
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to increase understanding of the link between sport specialization during childhood and adolescent physical activity (PA). The objectives were as follows: (1) describe the natural course of sport participation over 5 years among children who are early sport samplers or early sport specializers and (2) determine if a sport participation profile in childhood predicts the sport profile in adolescence. METHODS: Participants (n = 756, ages 10-11 years at study inception) reported their participation in organized and unorganized PA during in-class questionnaires administered every 4 months over 5 years...
November 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132263/movement-pattern-and-physiological-response-in-recreational-small-sided-football-effect-of-number-of-players-with-a-fixed-pitch-size
#18
Morten B Randers, Christina Ørntoft, Marie Hagman, Jens J Nielsen, Peter Krustrup
Recreational soccer is an effective health-promoting activity, but it is unclear how different game formats influence internal and external load. Thus, to be able to advise how to maximise the outcome of recreational football, we examined movement pattern and physiological response in 11 untrained men (32.6 ± 6.7 yrs, 23.3 ± 4.9 fat%, 43.4 ± 5.3 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1)) during three football sessions comprising 4 × 12 min of 3v3, 5v5 or 7v7 with a constant pitch size of 20 × 40 m. Movement pattern, heart rate (HR), blood lactate and RPE were measured during and after the 12-min periods...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131779/sport-sampling-is-associated-with-improved-landing-technique-in-youth-athletes
#19
Lindsay J DiStefano, Eleanor M Beltz, Hayley J Root, Jessica C Martinez, Andrew Houghton, Nicole Taranto, Katherine Pearce, Erin McConnell, Courtney Muscat, Steve Boyle, Thomas H Trojian
BACKGROUND: Sport sampling is recommended to promote fundamental movement skill acquisition and physical activity. In contrast, sport specialization is associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, burnout, and attrition from sport. There is limited evidence to support the influence of sport sampling on neuromuscular control, which is associated with injury risk, in youth athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes who participated in only 1 sport during the previous year would demonstrate higher Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) scores than their counterparts...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131068/maternal-cannabinoid-use-alters-cannabinoid-cb1-and-endothelin-etb-receptor-expression-in-the-brains-of-dams-but-not-their-offspring
#20
Aarti Amlani, Mary G Hornick, Kevin Cooper, Preetha Prazad, Ramona Donovan, Anil Gulati
According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, cannabis (marijuana) is the most commonly used recreational drug in the US. Among pregnant women aged 14-55 years, 3.4% were cannabis users. Presently, little is known about the neurodevelopmental effect of cannabis use during pregnancy and/or nursing on neonates. Endothelin (ET) is essential for normal development of the central nervous system (CNS). Decreases in ETB receptor expression correlate with a decline in nerve growth factor (NGF) and an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in postnatal brain...
November 4, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
105969
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"