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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936084/inter-individual-variability-in-the-adaptive-responses-to-endurance-and-sprint-interval-training-a-randomized-crossover-study
#1
Jacob T Bonafiglia, Mario P Rotundo, Jonathan P Whittall, Trisha D Scribbans, Ryan B Graham, Brendon J Gurd
The current study examined the adaptive response to both endurance (END) and sprint interval training (SIT) in a group of twenty-one recreationally active adults. All participants completed three weeks (four days/ week) of both END (30 minutes at ~65% VO2peak work rate (WR) and SIT (eight, 20-second intervals at ~170% VO2peak WR separated by 10 seconds of active rest) following a randomized crossover study design with a three-month washout period between training interventions. While a main effect of training was observed for VO2peak, lactate threshold, and submaximal heart rate (HR), considerable variability was observed in the individual responses to both END and SIT...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932885/health-behaviors-of-patients-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-influence-on-the-patients-satisfaction-with-life
#2
Anna Rosiek, Tomasz Kornatowski, Natalia Frąckowiak-Maciejewska, Aleksandra Rosiek-Kryszewska, Przemysław Wyżgowski, Krzysztof Leksowski
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) carries with it a number of changes to the patient's lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle, health and preventive behaviors, as well as healthy nutrition habits play a key role in treating T2DM as well as limiting its complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was the analysis of the correlation of T2DM patients' health behaviors and their influence on the patients' quality of life. The study was performed on a group of 50 patients from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932193/associations-between-built-environment-and-physical-activity-of-7-8-year-old-children-cross-sectional-results-from-the-lithuanian-cosi-study
#3
Vilma Žaltauskė, Aušra Petrauskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Research shows that regular engagement in physical activity in childhood is associated with multiple physical and psychosocial health benefits. The data on associations between children physical activity level and built environment in Lithuania are limited. The built environment is one of many variables thought to affect children physical activity level. But consequently there is growing interest in how physical environment influences physical activity of school age children...
November 21, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932054/changes-in-physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-risk-of-falling-the-women-s-health-initiative-observational-study
#4
Jennifer W Bea, Cynthia A Thomson, Robert B Wallace, Chunyuan Wu, Rebecca A Seguin, Scott B Going, Andrea LaCroix, Charles Eaton, Judith K Ockene, Michael J LaMonte, Rebecca Jackson, W Jerry Mysiw, Jean Wactawski-Wende
Falling significantly affects quality of life, morbidity, and mortality among older adults. We sought to evaluate the prospective association between sedentary time, physical activity, and falling among post-menopausal women aged 50-79 y recruited to the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study between 1993 and 1998 from 40 clinical centers across the United States. Baseline (B) and change in each of the following were evaluated at year 3 (Y3) and year 6 (Y6; baseline n=93,676; Y3 n=76,598; Y6 n=75,428): recreational physical activity (MET-h/wk), sitting, sleeping (min/d), and lean body mass by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (subset N=6,475)...
December 5, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930730/effects-of-recreation-on-animals-revealed-as-widespread-through-a-global-systematic-review
#5
Courtney L Larson, Sarah E Reed, Adina M Merenlender, Kevin R Crooks
Outdoor recreation is typically assumed to be compatible with biodiversity conservation and is permitted in most protected areas worldwide. However, increasing numbers of studies are discovering negative effects of recreation on animals. We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature and analyzed 274 articles on the effects of non-consumptive recreation on animals, across all geographic areas, taxonomic groups, and recreation activities. We quantified trends in publication rates and outlets, identified knowledge gaps, and assessed evidence for effects of recreation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929345/directed-forgetting-of-memories-in-cocaine-users
#6
Manuel J Ruiz, Daniela Paolieri, Lorenza S Colzato, María Teresa Bajo
Memory retrieval requires an effective recruitment of inhibitory control to successfully reject unnecessary memories. The use of cocaine is associated with poor cognitive control processes, but little is known about the impact of chronic and recreational use of cocaine on inhibitory control during intentional forgetting. We studied whether chronic and recreational users of cocaine show impairments on the mechanism responsible for intentional forgetting of memories. Two experiments were carried out on chronic cocaine users in rehabilitation (Experiment 1) and recreational cocaine polydrug users (Experiment 2) performing a directed forgetting (DF) task, an index of memory suppression...
December 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923779/a-multidisciplinary-model-to-guide-employment-outcomes-among-people-living-with-spinal-cord-injuries-in-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#7
Ntsikelelo Pefile, Joyce Mothabeng, Saloshni Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in complete or partial loss of functioning of the upper and/or lower limbs, leading to the affected individual experiencing difficulties in performing activities of daily living. This results in reduced participation in social, religious, recreational, and economic activities (employment). The South Africa legal framework promotes the employment and assistance of people with disabilities. However, rehabilitation interventions focus mainly on impairments and activity limitations, with few attempts to prepare those with SCI to return to gainful employment...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920584/evaluation-management-and-prevention-of-lower-extremity-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#8
REVIEW
Charles A Popkin, Brian M Schulz, Caroline N Park, Thomas S Bottiglieri, T Sean Lynch
Ice hockey is a fast-paced sport played by increasing numbers of children and adolescents in North America and around the world. Requiring a unique blend of skill, finesse, power and teamwork, ice hockey can become a lifelong recreational activity. Despite the rising popularity of the sport, there is ongoing concern about the high frequency of musculoskeletal injury associated with participation in ice hockey. Injury rates in ice hockey are among the highest in all competitive sports. Numerous research studies have been implemented to better understand the risks of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918684/racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-associations-between-physical-activity-and-sleep-duration-a-population-based-study
#9
Rosenda Murillo, Maya J Lambiase, Bonny J Rockette-Wagner, Andrea M Kriska, Jeffrey P Haibach, Rebecca C Thurston
BACKGROUND: This study examined associations between physical activity (recreational, non-recreational) and sleep duration among a nationally representative diverse sample of U.S. adults. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from 9,205 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2012 participants aged 20-65 years who identified as White, Black, or Hispanic. Activity (i.e., recreation, occupation, and transportation activity) was categorized into quartiles...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917759/south-african-guidelines-excellence-sage-adopt-adapt-or-contextualise
#10
J M Dizon, K Grimmer, Q Louw, T Kredo, T Young, S Machingaidze
Clinical practice guideline (CPG) activities must be planned carefully for efficient use of available resources and evidence-based implementation. De novo development of CPGs may sometimes 'recreate the wheel' and delay implementation. Three innovative alternatives to de novo CPG development (adopt, contextualise or adapt) are outlined, which have greater potential than de novo development to best use the limited available resources, personnel and time in settings such as South Africa.
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917211/community-reintegration-and-related-factors-in-a-nigerian-stroke-sample
#11
Christopher Akosile, Chioma Nworah, Emmanuel Okoye, Babatunde Adegoke, Joseph Umunnah, Ayodeji Fabunmi
BACKGROUND: The goal of stroke rehabilitation has shifted from mere survival of a victim to how well a survivor can be effectively reintegrated back into the community. OBJECTIVES: The present study determined the level of satisfaction with community reintegration (CR) and related factors among Nigerian community-dwelling stroke survivors (CDSS). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 71 volunteering CDSS (35 males, 36 females) from selected South-Eastern Nigerian communities...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914915/physical-activity-modifies-the-association-between-dietary-protein-and-lean-mass-of-postmenopausal-women
#12
Jessica A Martinez, Betsy C Wertheim, Cynthia A Thomson, Jennifer W Bea, Robert Wallace, Matthew Allison, Linda Snetselaar, Zhao Chen, Rami Nassir, Patricia A Thompson
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of lean muscle mass and related strength is associated with lower risk for numerous chronic diseases of aging in women. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate whether the association between dietary protein and lean mass differs by physical activity level, amino acid composition, and body mass index categories. DESIGN: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Participants were postmenopausal women from the Women's Health Initiative with body composition measurements by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (n=8,298)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914585/bladder-augmentation-in-anuric-defunctioned-microbladders-and-a-novel-antireflux-mechanism-for-mitrofanoff-anastomosis-to-the-ileal-patch
#13
Joana Lopes, Andy Robb, Liam McCarthy
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Reconstruction of microbladders is a difficult surgical challenge: How can a neobladder be recreated when >90% of the new bladder is augmented patch, and how can a Mitrofanoff conduit be anastomosed when the native bladder is so tiny? This series describes microbladders secondary to anuria and/or diversion that required augmentation. This was done using a de-tubularized ileal segment, and because of the small size of the native bladder, Mitrofanoff anastomosis was performed to the bowel patch (using a novel "Keel Procedure")...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912252/impact-of-stretching-on-the-performance-and-injury-risk-of-long-distance-runners
#14
Claire Baxter, Lars R Mc Naughton, Andy Sparks, Lynda Norton, David Bentley
Stretching, either prior to exercise or at the end, or both, is typically carried out by all individuals undertaking sporting activity whether they be elite or recreational athletes. The many forms of stretching available to the athlete, either passive or active, have long been thought to improve performance, decrease injury and generally be advantageous to the athlete. This review examines the current state of the literature and evaluates what athletes can and should do with respect to this controversial topic...
December 2, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912040/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-physical-function-item-bank-version-1-0-physical-function-assessment-for-athletic-patient-populations
#15
Leif P Madsen, Todd A Evans, Kelli R Snyder, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) item banks have been validated for general populations, but their application to high-functioning patient populations remains speculative. OBJECTIVE: To examine the measurement properties of the PROMIS physical function item bank, version 1.0, when applied to individuals representing high levels of physical ability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and III collegiate athletic training rooms and intramural events...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909231/influence-of-dietary-nitrate-supplementation-on-physiological-and-muscle-metabolic-adaptations-to-sprint-interval-training
#16
Christopher Thompson, Lee J Wylie, Jamie R Blackwell, Jonathan Fulford, Matthew I Black, James Kelly, Sinead T J McDonagh, James Carter, Stephen J Bailey, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones
We hypothesized that 4 weeks of dietary nitrate supplementation would enhance exercise performance and muscle metabolic adaptations to sprint interval training (SIT). Thirty six recreationally-active subjects, matched on key variables at baseline, completed a series of exercise tests before and following a 4 week period in which they were allocated to one of the following groups: 1) SIT and NO3(-)-depleted beetroot juice as a placebo (SIT+PL); 2) SIT and NO3(-)-rich beetroot juice (~13mmol NO3(-)/day; SIT+BR); or 3) no training and NO3(-)-rich beetroot juice (NT+BR)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906643/sports-and-recreation-related-injury-episodes-in-the-united-states-2011-2014
#17
Yahtyng Sheu, Li-Hui Chen, Holly Hedegaard
Objective-Much of the research on sports- and recreation-related injuries focuses on a specific population, activity, or type of injury, and national estimates of the total burden of sports- and recreation-related injuries are limited. This study provides national estimates of the injury burden and examines the distribution of sports- and recreation-related injuries across demographic groups, activities, and injury circumstances. Methods-Information on medically attended injury episodes for persons aged 5 years and over were obtained from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey...
November 2016: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903053/a-comparison-of-temporal-and-location-based-sampling-strategies-for-global-positioning-system-triggered-electronic-diaries
#18
Tobias Törnros, Helen Dorn, Markus Reichert, Ulrich Ebner-Priemer, Hans-Joachim Salize, Heike Tost, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Alexander Zipf
Self-reporting is a well-established approach within the medical and psychological sciences. In order to avoid recall bias, i.e. past events being remembered inaccurately, the reports can be filled out on a smartphone in real-time and in the natural environment. This is often referred to as ambulatory assessment and the reports are usually triggered at regular time intervals. With this sampling scheme, however, rare events (e.g. a visit to a park or recreation area) are likely to be missed. When addressing the correlation between mood and the environment, it may therefore be beneficial to include participant locations within the ambulatory assessment sampling scheme...
November 21, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902891/computerized-agility-training-improves-change-of-direction-and-balance-performance-independently-of-footwear-in-young-adults
#19
Max R Paquette, Brian K Schilling, Joshua D Bravo, Shelby A Peel, Yuhua Li, Robert J Townsend
: Understanding the effects of training in different footwear on sporting performance would be useful to coaches and athletes. PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of computerized agility training using 3 types of footwear on change-of-direction and balance performance in young adults. METHOD: Thirty recreationally active young adults (Mage = 22.8 ± 3.1 years; Mheight = 1.71 ± 0.7 m; Mbodymass = 73.4 ± 10.3 kg) were randomly assigned to a 6-week computerized agility training intervention in 1 of 3 footwear groups (n = 10/group): barefoot, minimal footwear, or traditional shoes...
November 30, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901339/cardiac-parasympathetic-reactivation-after-small-sided-soccer-games-and-repeated-sprints-in-untrained-healthy-adolescents
#20
Amri Hammami, Sofien Kasmi, Narimen Yousfi, Marwa Bouamra, Zouhaier Tabka, Ezdine Bouhlel
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that recreational soccer was a highly motivating and social activity which produces large improvements in health-related indices in sedentary healthy and unhealthy subjects. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute parasympathetic reactivation after small-sided soccer games (SSG) and repeated sprints training (RST) sessions. METHODS: Eight post-pubertal untrained adolescents (age 15.8 ± 0.6 years, body mass 59.1 ± 3.7 kg, height 1...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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