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Trochanter pain

Alison Grimaldi, Rebecca Mellor, Phillipa Nicolson, Paul Hodges, Kim Bennell, Bill Vicenzino
PURPOSE: Gluteal tendinopathy (GT) is a source of lateral hip pain, yet common clinical diagnostic tests have limited validity. Patients with GT are often misdiagnosed, resulting in inappropriate management, including surgery. This study determined the diagnostic utility of clinical tests for GT, using MRI as the reference standard. METHODS: 65 participants with lateral hip pain were examined to evaluate the ability of clinical tests to detect MRI-determined GT (an increase in intratendinous signal intensity on T2-weighted images)...
September 15, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Denis Nam, Zachary Meyer, Richard D Rames, Ryan M Nunley, Robert L Barrack, Douglas J Roger
BACKGROUND: Recently, the direct superior approach (DSA) has been introduced in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the goal of limiting soft tissue dissection. This study's purpose was to use a visual pain diagram questionnaire to determine the location and severity of pain in patients undergoing THA via a DSA vs miniposterior approach (MPA). METHODS: This was a prospective, Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved investigation from 3 centers. Patients aged 18-70 years with a diagnosis of osteoarthritis were included...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Justin A Ly, Erin M Coleman, Gary S Cohen, Eric J Kropf
Femoro-acetabular impingement is a common cause of hip pain in young athletes. Evaluation typically includes radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging. It is important to appreciate uncommon diagnoses and the role of complimentary imaging. This clinical vignette emphasizes the need complete imaging with CT in select case of atypical hip pain. We present a 19-year old soccer player who underwent seemingly successful arthroscopic FAI surgery but returned with pain. Computed tomography (CT) revealed osteoid osteoma of the lesser trochanter...
August 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Mark D Wilson, James S Keene
Ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) is an often unrecognized cause of hip pain caused by abnormal contact between the lesser trochanter and the ischium. To date, surgical treatment for those whose pain is not relieved by activity modification and steroid injections has not been defined. This study describes our imaging protocol and reports the results of arthroscopic, lesser trochanteric resections that were performed to treat this condition. Seven patients with symptomatic, MRI-documented IFI had ultrasound injections of ropivicaine and steroid into their ischiofemoral space...
July 2016: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Tristan McMillan, Haroon Rehman, Martin Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Injury secondary to epileptic seizure is widely documented in the literature. In particular, uncontrolled muscular contractions generated during a seizure can lead to a variety of musculoskeletal injuries. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 16-year-old male who presented on two separate occasions after a tonic-clonic seizure with hip pain, an antalgic gait, and marked discomfort on hip flexion. Radiologic investigation revealed an acute isolated fracture of the lesser trochanters...
October 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Erik Poulsen, Søren Overgaard, Jacob T Vestergaard, Henrik W Christensen, Jan Hartvigsen
BACKGROUND: Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common diagnosis in primary care adult patients presenting with hip pain but pain location and pain distribution in primary care patients with hip OA have been reported inadequately. OBJECTIVE: To describe pain location and pain distribution in primary care patients with clinical and radiographic confirmed hip OA. METHODS: Primary care patients with unilateral clinical and radiographic hip OA living on the island of Funen, Denmark were recruited from primary care to participate in a randomized clinical trial...
August 18, 2016: Family Practice
Michail E Klontzas, Evangelia E Vassalou, Aristeidis H Zibis, Apostolos H Karantanas
PURPOSE: Hydroxyapatite deposition disease (HADD) around the hip joint is a self-limiting condition usually treated conservatively. The aim of the present study is to directly compare the outcomes of CT-guided and conservative treatments in cases of refractory hip HADD. METHODS: Two groups of patients with refractory hip HADD were prospectively constructed from a pool of 484 patients referred for greater trochanter pain syndrome, based on the presence of calcifications around the hip and the failure of conservative treatment...
September 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Seung Rim Yi, Min Ho Lee, Bo Kyu Yang, Young Joon Ahn, Jieun Kwon, Se Hyuk Im, Ye Hyun Lee
PURPOSE: To assess the progression of clinical symptoms and disease course of calcific tendinitis in the hip region according to types of calcification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among patients with the hip pain, 28 patients (21 males and 7 females; mean age 51 years, range 32-74 years) showing calcified lesions in simple radiography without other possible sources of pain were analyzed retrospectively. Twelve patients displayed a symptom duration of less than three weeks (acute; average=1±0...
December 2015: Hip Pelvis
Weverley Rubele Valenza, Jamil Faissal Soni, Christiano Saliba Uliana, Fernando Ferraz Faria, Gisele Cristine Schelle, Daniel Sakamoto Sugisawa
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience and preliminary results from using controlled hip dislocation to treat cam-like femoroacetabular impingement, in teenagers and young adults with sequelae of slipped capital femoral epiphysis. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis on 15 patients who were treated in a tertiary-level hospital between 2011 and 2013. The following data were collected for analysis from these patients' files: demographic data, surgical procedure reports, joint mobility evaluations, patients' perceptions regarding clinical improvement and whether they would choose to undergo the operation again, previous hip surgery and complications...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Yi-Ding Chen, Ci-You Huang, Hai-Ying Liu, Wei-Feng Yao, Wei-Guo Wu, Yu-Lian Lu, Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: The chemokine (C-X3-C motif) ligand 1 (CX3CL1), also called fractalkine (FKN), has recently been reported to be involved in osteoclastogenic process and pathological bone destruction. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the link between serum CX3CL1/FKN levels with disease progression of postmenopausal osteoporotic patients. METHODS: A total of 53 women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP group), 51 postmenopausal non-osteoporotic female patients (PMNOP group) and 50 premenopausal non-osteoporotic healthy women of childbearing age (control group) were enrolled in the study...
July 2016: British Journal of Biomedical Science
Junichi Nakamura, Kenta Konno, Sumihisa Orita, Shigeo Hagiwara, Tomonori Shigemura, Takayuki Nakajima, Takane Suzuki, Ryuichiro Akagi, Seiji Ohtori
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of referred hip pain in patients with idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ION). METHODS: We prospectively documented 119 hips in 90 patients with ION (mean age 51 years). Patients identified the location of pain originating in their hip on a drawing of the body. Osteoarthritis of the hip (OA) was used as a historical cohort. RESULTS: Referral of pain originating from the hip in patients with ION was 93% (111 hips) to the groin, 68% (81 hips) to the knee, 36% (43 hips) to the anterior thigh, 34% (40 hips) to the buttock, 18% (22 hips) to the lower leg, 9% (11 hips) to the greater trochanter, and 8% (9 hips) to the low back...
July 26, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Do-Hyeong Kim, Duck Mi Yoon, Kyung Bong Yoon
BACKGROUND: The quadratus femoris (QF) muscle is a possible source of lower buttock pain as evidenced by what is known about the pathophysiology of ischiofemoral impingement syndrome. However, there are few reports about the interventional management of the QF muscle as a pain generator. OBJECTIVE: To describe an ultrasound-guided QF muscle injection technique in patients with lower buttock pain suspected of QF muscle pathology and to report the result of treatment...
July 2016: Pain Physician
Young Uk Kim, Myung Hwan Karm, Yuseon Cheong, Jonghyuk Lee, Yu Gyeong Kong, Se Hun Kim, Jeong Hun Suh
BACKGROUND: No studies to date have compared bone mineral density (BMD) changes after epidural steroid injection (ESI) between postmenopausal patients taking antiosteoporotic medication and those who are not. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between ESI and BMD changes in postmenopausal patients according to antiosteoporotic medication use. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine at Asan Medical Center, Korea...
July 2016: Pain Physician
Alexandru Ulici, Ana-Maria Dulea, Iulia Tevanov, Gabi Sterian, Radu Balanescu
INTRODUCTION: development dysplasia of the hip is one of the common disorders in pediatric orthopaedics. This requires an early orthopaedic treatment. Neglected cases can lead to hip dislocation, which has an incidence of 1.4 / mille new-borns, being bilateral in 70-80% of cases and prevalence of girls being 7 / 1-4 / 1 (girls / boys). Congenital hip dislocation requires a complex surgical and orthopaedic treatment. In most cases develop hip osteoarthritis in adulthood, requiring total hip replacement...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Christian N Anderson
Disorders of the iliopsoas can be a significant source of groin pain in the athletic population. Commonly described pathologic conditions include iliopsoas bursitis, tendonitis, impingement, and snapping. The first-line treatment for iliopsoas disorders is typically conservative, including activity modification, physical therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and corticosteroid injections. Surgical treatment can be considered if the patient fails conservative measures and typically involves arthroscopic lengthening of the musculotendinous unit and treatment of concomitant intra-articular abnormality...
July 2016: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Federico E Villafañe, Alicia M Yochum, Aimee R Jokerst, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the features of an unusual presentation of fibrous dysplasia. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 53-year-old woman had low back pain and numbness in the anterior upper left thigh that started 3 years earlier after a fall. She experienced pain during active lumbar flexion and extension range of motion. Radiographic examination demonstrated an oval geographic osteolytic lesion in the left ilium and abnormal trabecular architecture with variable-sized osteolytic lesions and both ill-defined and well-defined borders along the sacroiliac joint margin...
June 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Marcelo Nascimento Rebelatto, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín, João Flavio Guimarães, Tania Fatima Salvini
AIM: To establish whether there are differences in pain sensitivity between hypertensive and normotensive older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional case control study was carried out. A total of 72 older adults, 36 normotensive and 36 hypertensive, participated in the study. The pressure pain threshold (PPT) was assessed on seven points bilaterally in both groups by means of pressure algometry. Two-factor analysis of variance (anova) - group and sex - was carried out, and the magnitude of the differences was calculated using Cohen's index...
June 15, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Jawahar Adi Raja, Brijesh P Valsalan
INTRODUCTION: Anterior dislocation of hip associated with fracture of proximal femur is an uncommon injury. Only very few cases are reported in the literature. We report such an unusual and previously not described case of anterior dislocation of hip associated with fracture of trochanter and neck of the femur in an elderly lady. CASE REPORT: A 60 year old lady was presented to our casualty following a fall at home. She complained of pain in the left hip with deformity and inability to move the limb...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Óliver Marin-Peña, Pablo Sierra-Madrid, Raquel Lax-Pérez, Francisco Ferrero-Manzanal
Extrarticular causes of impingement have a current, interesting role in the complaint of groin pain in athletes. Subspine impingement is related to a prominent anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS) and is actually described as a frequent cause of groin pain. Ischiofemoral impingement is described when the space between the lesser trochanter is decreased. Psoas impingement appears between the psoas tendon and the anterior labrum and anterior acetabular rim.
May 14, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Francois Steffann, Jean-Louis Prudhon, Jean-Marc Puch, André Ferreira, Loys Descamps, Régis Verdier, Jacques Caton
Several surgical approaches could be used in hip arthroplasty or trauma surgery: anterior, anterolateral, lateral, posterior (with or without trochanterotomy), using or not an orthopedic reduction table. Subtrochanteric and extra-capsular trochanteric fractures (ECTF) are usually treated by internal fixation with mandatory restrictions on weight bearing. Specific complications have been widely described. Mechanical failures are particularly high in unstable fractures. Hip fractures are a major public health issue with a mortality rate of 12%-23% at 1 year...
2015: SICOT J
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