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Still births

Gentian Caco, Dhurata Golemi, Eriola Likaj
INTRODUCTION: The saphenous vein is commonly used as a vascular graft in peripheral artery surgery but rarely used for vascular access. The literature on straight configuration saphenous vein transposition to the popliteal artery is scarce. Here we present two cases of straight configuration saphenous vein transposition to the popliteal artery for vascular access, the surgical technique and respective follow-up. CASE REPORT: Two young men, aged 29 and 36 years, were chosen for lower-limb vascular access for hemodialysis...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
J Jiang, S L Dai, J F Xu, Y Zou, L G Zhu, H Peng, F C Zhu, X J Zhai
Objective: To evaluate the effects of blocking transmission of HBV from mother to infant in Jiangsu, and discuss influencing factors related to development of chronic HBV infection in children of HBsAg positive mother. Methods: HBsAg positive mothers delivered during 2010-2015 in three counties of Jiangsu (Zhangjiagang, Danyang and Taixing) and their neonates were included in the study. The neonates were vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine (10 μg) and hepatitis B immunoglobin (100 units) within 24 hours after birth...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Dorte Rytter, Bodil Hammer Bech, Thorhallur Ingi Halldorsson, Tine Brink Henriksen, Charlotta Grandström, Arieh Cohen, Sjurdur Frodi Olsen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D deficiency is common among pregnant women and since the fetus relies exclusively on maternal supply, deficiency could potentially interfere with fetal development. Vitamin D blood concentrations during pregnancy have been associated with offspring cardio-metabolic health in a few previous studies but the evidence is still inconsistent and only one previous study has followed the offspring into adulthood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between maternal serum concentration of vitamin D (25(OH)D) in week 30 of gestation and offspring cardio-metabolic risk factors at 20 years...
2016: PloS One
Linling Zhu, Yu Zhang, Yifeng Liu, Runjv Zhang, Yiqing Wu, Yun Huang, Feng Liu, Meigen Li, Saijun Sun, Lanfeng Xing, Yimin Zhu, Yiyi Chen, Li Xu, Liangbi Zhou, Hefeng Huang, Dan Zhang
This study was carried out to explore associations between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and maternal and neonatal outcomes compared with similar outcomes following spontaneously conceived births. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pregnancies conceived by ART (N = 2641) during 2006-2014 compared to naturally conceived pregnancies (N = 5282) after matching for maternal age and birth year. Pregnancy complications, perinatal complications and neonatal outcomes of enrolled subjects were investigated and analysed by multivariate logistic regression...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kai König, Katelyn J Guy, Claudia A Nold-Petry, Charles P Barfield, Geraldine Walsh, Sandra M Drew, Alex Veldman, Marcel F Nold, Dan M Casalaz
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is often complicated by pulmonary hypertension (PH). We investigated three biomarkers potentially suitable as screening markers for extremely preterm infants at risk of BPD-associated PH. In this prospective observational cohort study conducted in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, 83 preterm infants with BPD born <28 weeks gestation and still inpatients at 36 weeks corrected age received an echocardiogram and blood tests of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), troponin I, and YKL-40...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Camila V Ventura, Maria Paula Fernandez, Ivan A Gonzalez, Delia M Rivera-Hernandez, Roberto Lopez-Alberola, Maria Peinado, Angelica A Floren, Patricia A Rodriguez, Basil K Williams, Gabriela de la Vega Muns, Ana J Rodriguez, Catherin Negron, Brenda Fallas, Audina M Berrocal
A 6-day-old female baby with known diagnosis of congenital Zika infection was referred for ophthalmologic examination. The mother (37 years old) was referred for a pruritic rash, conjunctival hyperemia, and malaise at 12 weeks of gestation while still living in Venezuela. Upon arrival to Miami, Zika virus (ZIKV) exposure was confirmed during prenatal screening. At birth, due to the known exposure, a complete congenital ZIKV workup was performed, including brain ultrasound and MRI, which disclosed calcifications in the frontal lobe...
October 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Kamal Niaz, Mohammad Abdollahi
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a deadly flavivirus that has spread from Africa to Asia and European countries. The virus is associated with other viruses in the same genus or family, transmitted by the same mosquito species with known history of fatality. A sudden increase in the rate of infection from ZIKV has made it a global health concern, which necessitates close symptom monitoring, enhancing treatment options, and vaccine production. This paper reviewed current reports on birth defects associated with ZIKV, mode of transmission, body fluids containing the virus, diagnosis , possible preventive measures or treatments, and vaccine development...
October 18, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
Przemysław Bombiński, Stanisław Warchoł, Michał Brzewski, Zofia Majkowska, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Maria Żerańska, Małgorzata Panek, Magdalena Drop
BACKGROUND: Extravaginal testicular torsion (ETT), also called prenatal or perinatal, occurs prenatally and is present at birth or appears within the first month of life. It has different etiology than intravaginal torsion, which appears later in life. Testicular torsion must be taken into consideration in differential diagnosis of acute scrotum and should be confirmed or ruled out at first diagnostic step. Ultrasonography is a basic imaging modality, however diagnostic pitfalls are still possible...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
Toshifumi Yamauchi, Masaki Mogi, Hirotomo Nakaoka, Kana Tsukuda, Masanori Kukida, Akinori Higaki, Hui-Yu Bai, Bao-Shuai Shan, Li-Juan Min, Jun Iwanami, Masatugu Horiuchi
OBJECTIVE: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is one of the risks of cardiovascular problems in adulthood. We previously reported that the vascular injury enhanced vascular remodeling in FGR mice, but the mechanisms are still unclear. Angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2R) is relatively highly expressed in fetal mice but not in adult mice. Therefore, we investigated the effects of AT2R in FGR mice, using AT2R knockout (AT2KO) mice. DESIGN AND METHOD: Dams (C57BL/6J strain (WT) mice and AT2KO mice) were fed an isocaloric diet containing 20% protein (normal protein; NP) or 8% protein (low protein; LP) from 10 weeks of age until delivery...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
T Mu, Y Wang, G L Liu, J L Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the seven existing vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) screening tools and to identify additional factors that may predict VBAC or failed trial of labor in China. METHODS: In the study, 53 patients with 1 previous cesarean delivery who then delivered between January 1, 2007 and Novenber 31, 2014 were recruited. The average age of the patients was (32.1±3.5) years,the average gestational age was (38.0±2.3) weeks. There was no significant difference of the successful group and the failed group in the maternal/neonatal mortality and morbidity, also in the incidence of the postpartum hemorrhage and the postpartum infection...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Wen Tang, Yi Mu, Xiaohong Li, Yanping Wang, Zheng Liu, Qi Li, Mingrong Li, Robert Scherpbier, Sufang Guo, Xiaona Huang, Leni Kang, Jun Zhu, Juan Liang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify new evidence about the burden and risk factors of low birthweight (LBW) in China using national facility-based data. METHODS: The association between sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics and LBW was examined using a multilevel model, taking into account the clustering of livebirths within hospitals and multiple gestations per woman. RESULTS: There were 3 915 965 deliveries and 235 247 cases born with LBW, producing a LBW rate of 5...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Chih-Sung Liang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chia-Kuang Tsai, Wu-Chien Chien
PURPOSE: Seasonal variation exists in the psychopathology of eating disorders. However, it is still unknown whether there is seasonal variation in eating disorder symptom severity. This study investigated seasonal trends in hospital admissions and birth dates among patients with eating disorders in Taiwan (25°N). Subgroup analyses by gender and comorbid affective disorders were also of interest. METHODS: Data on all hospital admissions between 2000 and 2013 were collected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, and 1954 patients with eating disorders were identified...
October 15, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
E B Carter, M G Tuuli, A O Odibo, G A Macones, A G Cahill
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the number of prenatal visits (PNVs) and pregnancy outcomes in women with gestational diabetes (GDM) and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). STUDY DESIGN: A 4-year prospective cohort study of women with GDM and DM and was conducted. Patients ⩾75th percentile for number of PNVs were compared with those ⩽25th percentile. The primary outcomes were large for gestational age (LGA) with birth weight >90% and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission for >24 h...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Jian Zhao, Yun Zhao, Colin W Binns, Andy H Lee
The calcium supplementation status during the postpartum period among Chinese lactating women is still unclear. The objective of this study is to utilize data from two population-based prospective cohort studies to examine the calcium supplementation status and to identify whether breastfeeding is associated with increased calcium supplementation among Chinese mothers after child birth. Information from 1540 mothers on breastfeeding and calcium supplementation measured at discharge, 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum were extracted to evaluate the association between breastfeeding and calcium supplementation postpartum...
October 9, 2016: Nutrients
Tom Konikoff, Tehila Avraham, Ella Ophir, Jacob Bornstein
BACKGROUND: Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is characterized by severe intractable nausea and vomiting in pregnancy leading to electrolyte imbalance, ketonuria, and weight loss. The cause is unknown. This study sought to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of HG in the Western Galilee in two ethnic populations and to estimate its economic burden. METHODS: Data on ethnicity, age, gestational age, number of pregnancies, and length of hospitalization were collected from the medical files of all women with HG admitted to the Galilee Medical Center in 2010-2013...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In transitioning from the Millennium Development Goal to the Sustainable Development Goal era, it is imperative to comprehensively assess progress toward reducing maternal mortality to identify areas of success, remaining challenges, and frame policy discussions. We aimed to quantify maternal mortality throughout the world by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We estimated maternal mortality at the global, regional, and national levels from 1990 to 2015 for ages 10-54 years by systematically compiling and processing all available data sources from 186 of 195 countries and territories, 11 of which were analysed at the subnational level...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Yongqing Wang, Xunke Gu, Liyuan Tao, Yangyu Zhao
BACKGROUND: Cervical incompetence is an important cause of miscarriage and premature birth and polycystic ovary syndrome is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder that is the most common cause of anovulatory infertility and eugonadotrophic hypogonadism. By now, it is still debated whether women with PCOS have an increased risk of miscarriage and there have been no studies about the pregnancy outcomes of cervical incompetence patients with PCOS. METHODS: The following clinical data of cervical incompetence patients with/without PCOS who were treated between September 2006 and September 2013 were retrospectively analysed: onset gestational age, termination gestational age, pregnancy outcome, co-morbid insulin resistance (IR) in PCOS patients, the influence of IR, co-morbid hyperandrogenism (HA) in PCOS patients, and the influence of HA...
October 12, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Saira Parveen Jolly, Mahfuzar Rahman, Kaosar Afsana, Fakir Md Yunus, Ahmed M R Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: A continuous influx of poor people to urban slums poses a challenge to Bangladesh's health system as it has failed to tackle maternal morbidity and mortality. BRAC is the largest non-governmental organisation in Bangladesh. BRAC has been working to reduce maternal, neonatal and under-five children morbidity and mortality of slum dwellers in cities. BRAC has been doing this work for a decade through a programme called MANOSHI. This programme provides door-to-door services to its beneficiaries through community health workers (CHWs) and normal delivery service through its delivery and maternity centres...
2016: PloS One
W P Martins, C O Nastri, L Rienzi, S Z van der Poel, C Gracia, C Racowsky
OBJECTIVES: Blastocyst transfer could be advantageous because it allows a more physiologic timing of exposure of the embryo to the uterine environment and permit embryo self-selection after activation of the embryonic genome on day 3. Conversely, the in vitro environment is probably inferior to that provided in vivo and in vitro culture beyond embryonic genomic activation could potentially harm embryos. Our objective was to identify, appraise and summarize the available evidence comparing the effectiveness of blastocyst and cleavage stage embryo transfer...
October 12, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Loïc Costeur, Bastien Mennecart, Bert Müller, Georg Schulz
Foetuses are a source of scientific information to understand the development and evolution of anatomical structures. The bony labyrinth, surrounding the organ of balance and hearing, is a phylogenetically and ecologically informative structure for which still little concerning growth and shape variability is known in many groups of vertebrates. Except in humans, it is poorly known in many other placentals and its prenatal growth has almost never been studied. Ruminants are a diversified group of placentals and represent an interesting case study to understand the prenatal growth of the ear region...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
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